CN111438018B - Automatic coating machine and method for manufacturing rail car head - Google Patents

Automatic coating machine and method for manufacturing rail car head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111438018B
CN111438018B CN202010314842.XA CN202010314842A CN111438018B CN 111438018 B CN111438018 B CN 111438018B CN 202010314842 A CN202010314842 A CN 202010314842A CN 111438018 B CN111438018 B CN 111438018B
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China
Prior art keywords
conveying
embedding
cavity
coating
block
Prior art date
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Application number
CN202010314842.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111438018A (en
Inventor
刘洪炉
邹单娜
朱传金
张锋
周攀
童兆华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang shuowei rail Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Shuowei Track Traffic Equipment Co ltd
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Application filed by Zhejiang Shuowei Track Traffic Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Shuowei Track Traffic Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010314842.XA priority Critical patent/CN111438018B/en
Publication of CN111438018A publication Critical patent/CN111438018A/en
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Publication of CN111438018B publication Critical patent/CN111438018B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0285Stands for supporting individual articles to be sprayed, e.g. doors, vehicle body parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B12/00Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area
    • B05B12/08Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area responsive to condition of liquid or other fluent material to be discharged, of ambient medium or of target ; responsive to condition of spray devices or of supply means, e.g. pipes, pumps or their drive means
    • B05B12/12Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area responsive to condition of liquid or other fluent material to be discharged, of ambient medium or of target ; responsive to condition of spray devices or of supply means, e.g. pipes, pumps or their drive means responsive to conditions of ambient medium or target, e.g. humidity, temperature position or movement of the target relative to the spray apparatus
    • B05B12/124Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area responsive to condition of liquid or other fluent material to be discharged, of ambient medium or of target ; responsive to condition of spray devices or of supply means, e.g. pipes, pumps or their drive means responsive to conditions of ambient medium or target, e.g. humidity, temperature position or movement of the target relative to the spray apparatus responsive to distance between spray apparatus and target
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/04Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation
    • B05B13/0421Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation with rotating spray heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/60Arrangements for mounting, supporting or holding spraying apparatus
    • B05B15/68Arrangements for adjusting the position of spray heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic coating machine and a coating method for manufacturing a rail locomotive, which comprises a conveying unit, an installation block, an embedding cavity, an embedding block, an embedding plate, a coating nozzle and a multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base, wherein the installation block is installed at the front end of the conveying unit, the embedding cavities are uniformly formed in the installation block from left to right, the embedding blocks are symmetrically installed on the left side wall and the right side wall of the embedding cavity, the coating nozzle is placed in the embedding cavity, the embedding plate is embedded into the upper end of the installation block, and the rear end of the conveying unit is installed on the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base. The invention can solve the problems that the spraying areas of the coating are different and the thickness of the coated paint layer is different due to different distances between the handheld coating and the surface of the headstock frame during each coating, and in order to accelerate the coating efficiency, the manual coating is generally uniform and omnibearing coating and cannot be selectively sprayed, so that part of the coating can be sprayed to the hollow structure or the empty groove position of the headstock frame, the coating is wasted, and the like.

Description

Automatic coating machine and method for manufacturing rail car head
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of rail vehicle head coating, in particular to an automatic coating machine and a coating method for manufacturing a rail vehicle head.
Background
In the track locomotive manufacturing, need carry out coating treatment to the surface of locomotive skeleton to play rust-resistant, anticorrosive guard action to its surface, traditional coating process is handheld paint sprayer usually and is carried out coating treatment to the surface of locomotive skeleton, but, traditional coating process often can meet some problems:
1. some impurities may adhere to the surface of the headstock frame after production, a worker needs to hold a cleaning tool to blow and clean the headstock frame, and then the headstock frame is replaced by a coating nozzle for coating, so that more tools are needed and the headstock frame is inconvenient to carry;
2. hand-held type application, when at every turn application and the locomotive skeleton surface between the distance different, lead to coating spun region to differ, produce the thickness of lacquer layer after the application easily and differ, and in order to accelerate application efficiency, artifical application is the all-round spraying of unification usually, can not selective spraying, leads to partial coating can spout the hollow out construction or the dead slot position of locomotive skeleton, causes the waste of coating.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The invention can solve the problems that some impurities may be attached to the surface of the headstock frame after production, a worker needs to hold a cleaning tool to blow and clean the headstock frame and then replace the headstock frame with a coating nozzle for coating, the number of required tools is large, the carrying is inconvenient, the distance between the hand-held coating and the surface of the headstock frame is different during each coating, the sprayed areas of the coating are different, the thickness of the coated paint layer is easily different, in order to accelerate the coating efficiency, the manual coating is generally unified omnibearing coating, the selective coating is not generated, partial coating can be sprayed to the hollow structure or the empty groove position of the headstock frame, the coating is wasted, and the like.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an automatic application machinery is made to track locomotive, includes conveying unit, installation piece, embedding chamber, embedding piece, embedding board, application shower nozzle and multi freedom regulation base, conveying unit's front end install the installation piece, the embedding chamber has evenly been seted up from a left side to the right side to the installation piece, the embedding piece is installed to the symmetry on the lateral wall about the embedding chamber, the application shower nozzle has been placed to embedding intracavity portion, the upper end embedding of installation piece has the embedding board, conveying unit's rear end is installed at multi freedom regulation base.
The conveying unit comprises a conveying block, a conveying cavity, a feeding hole, an air inlet switch, an air pump, an air outlet, a conveying belt, a linkage switch, a storage frame and a high-pressure pump, wherein the conveying cavity is formed in the conveying block, the feeding hole is formed in the middle of the conveying block and is communicated with the middle of the conveying cavity, the air outlet is formed in the left end of the conveying block and is communicated with the conveying cavity, the rear side of the left end of the conveying cavity is communicated with the air pump, the air pump is installed on the side wall of the conveying block, the air inlet switch is arranged at the left end inside the conveying cavity, the linkage switch is arranged in the feeding hole, the conveying belt is connected between the linkage switch and the air inlet switch, the storage frame is installed at the rear end of the conveying block, the storage frame is communicated with the feeding hole, the high-pressure pump is installed on the storage frame, and when the air blowing treatment is, make the air pump with gaseous input to carry the intracavity, at this moment, under the effect of conveyer belt, gang switch cuts off the feed inlet and seals, when the application to locomotive skeleton surface, adjust the air inlet switch, make the air inlet switch cut off the transport chamber left end, and the feed inlet is in the open mode, carry to carrying the intracavity through the coating high pressure that the high-pressure pump will store in the frame, control through the delivery track that changes the transport intracavity and blow, the coating is carried, and the residual coating that just blows also can blow off the transport intracavity, the inside raffinate of transport chamber has been reduced.
The application shower nozzle include the connecting pipe, the embedding frame, reset spring, telescopic framework, jacking choke plug and orifice mechanism, be connected for the embedding between embedding frame and the embedding piece, even there is reset spring between embedding frame and the telescopic framework, be connected with the connecting pipe between telescopic framework and the transport chamber, telescopic framework's front end is equipped with orifice mechanism, telescopic framework's internally mounted has jacking choke plug, when concrete work, adjust the base through multi freedom and be close the locomotive skeleton with the application shower nozzle, under reset spring's effect, telescopic framework pastes on locomotive skeleton surface all the time, and orifice mechanism is unanimous all the time with locomotive skeleton surface's distance, it is even to have guaranteed that coating spun region is even, and whether spout orifice mechanism spouts through jacking choke plug control.
Orifice mechanism including embedding dish, rotation chamber, rotation shower nozzle and coupling spring, be connected through the connecting piece between the front end of embedding disc and telescopic frame, evenly seted up the rotation chamber on the embedding dish, it is equipped with the rotation shower nozzle to rotate intracavity portion, it has coupling spring to rotate between both ends and the rotation chamber about the shower nozzle, concrete during operation, coating, gas are when rotating the shower nozzle, under the effect of coupling spring and pressure, the condition of rocking can appear rotating the shower nozzle to the working range who rotates the shower nozzle has been increased.
The air inlet switch comprises a T-shaped block, an L-shaped air cavity, a rotating shaft, a handle, two inserting holes and an embedded part, the rotating shaft is connected with the conveying block through a bearing, the T-shaped block is installed at the lower end of the rotating shaft, the L-shaped air cavity is formed in the T-shaped block, the handle is installed at the upper end of the rotating shaft, the two inserting holes are formed in the left end and the rear end of the handle, and the embedded part is embedded between the inserting holes in the rear end of the handle and the conveying block.
The right end of the air outlet is of an open structure, the right end of the air outlet is connected with the telescopic pipe through a built-in spring, and the telescopic pipe is communicated with the left end of the L-shaped air cavity.
The linkage switch comprises a rotating shaft, a gear, a partition board and a rack, the rotating shaft is connected with the conveying block through a bearing, the gear is installed at the lower end of the rotating shaft, the gear is meshed with the rack, the rack is installed at the front end of the partition board, the partition board is connected with the conveying block through a sliding fit mode, and a conveying belt is connected between the rotating shaft and the rotating shaft.
The right end of the partition plate is a sealing block made of rubber.
The left and right sides of the front end of the telescopic frame body are provided with two positioning rods, the front ends of the positioning rods are provided with inner grooves, and drag reduction balls are arranged in the inner grooves.
The jacking plugging head comprises a fixed block, a sliding rod, a jacking rod, a sleeve type spring and a rolling ball body, the fixed block is installed inside the telescopic frame body, the fixed block and the sliding rod are connected in a sliding fit mode, the jacking rod is installed at the front end of the sliding rod, a ball body groove is formed in the front end of the jacking rod, the rolling ball body is arranged in the ball body groove, and the sleeve type spring is connected between the fixed block and the jacking rod.
Wherein, the rotation chamber be the spheroid structure, the rear end that rotates the shower nozzle is located the rotation intracavity, and rotates the shower nozzle inside and has seted up and spout the chamber, spout the width in chamber and reduce from back forward gradually.
In addition, the invention also provides a coating method of the automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive, which comprises the following steps;
s1, clamping the vehicle head framework, adjusting the coating spray head in multiple directions through the multiple-degree-of-freedom adjusting base, and enabling the front end of the telescopic frame body to always abut against the surface of the vehicle head framework under the action of the return spring;
s2, the feed inlet is closed under the transmission of the conveyor belt by rotating the air inlet switch, and at the moment, air can be sprayed out of the orifice mechanism through the air pump, so that the surface of the headstock frame is subjected to integral air blowing cleaning;
and S3, reversely rotating the air inlet switch, reopening the feed inlet under the transmission of the conveyor belt, closing the left end of the conveying cavity, conveying the paint in the storage frame into the telescopic frame at high pressure through the high-pressure pump, spraying the paint from the spraying hole mechanism, and performing all-dimensional coating treatment on the surface of the headstock frame under the operation of the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base.
(III) advantageous effects
1. According to the automatic coating machine and the coating method for manufacturing the rail locomotive, the conveying rail in the conveying cavity is changed in a linkage type rotating mode, so that air blowing and coating conveying are controlled, a large number of tools are not required to be carried, the uniformity of the distance between the spraying hole mechanism and the surface of the framework is guaranteed in a fixed-length mode, the range of areas sprayed with coatings is consistent, and the uniformity of the thickness of a paint layer is improved;
2. according to the automatic coating machine and the coating method for manufacturing the rail locomotive, the distance between the spray hole mechanism and the surface of the framework is ensured through the telescopic frame body in elastic telescopic connection, whether the coating is sprayed out is controlled through whether the rolling ball body is in contact with the surface of the framework, coating waste caused when the coating is sprayed to the hollow position of the framework and the empty groove is avoided, and the effective coating rate is improved;
3. according to the automatic coating machine and the coating method for manufacturing the rail locomotive, the surface of the framework has a certain radian, and the coating spray heads and the current corresponding positions of the framework can be always placed at equal intervals through the elastic connection design of the coating spray heads, so that the uniformity of a paint layer during later coating is facilitated.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention between the delivery unit, the mounting block, the insert cavity, the insert block, the insert plate, and the coating head;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the telescoping frame, lift plug and orifice mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the X-direction detail of FIG. 3 of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the Y-direction portion of FIG. 3 of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a partial enlarged view of fig. 4 taken in the direction Z.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In this process, the width of the lines or the size of the components in the drawings may be exaggerated for clarity and convenience of description.
The following terms are defined based on the functions of the present invention, and may be different depending on the intention of the user or the operator or the convention. Therefore, these terms are defined based on the entire contents of the present specification.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, an automatic coating machine for manufacturing a rail vehicle head comprises a conveying unit 1, an installation block 2, an embedding cavity 3, an embedding block 4, an embedding plate 5, a coating nozzle 6 and a multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base 7, wherein the installation block 2 is installed at the front end of the conveying unit 1, the embedding cavity 3 is uniformly formed in the installation block 2 in a left-right direction, the embedding blocks 4 are symmetrically installed on the left side wall and the right side wall of the embedding cavity 3, the coating nozzle 6 is placed in the embedding cavity 3, the embedding plate 5 is embedded into the upper end of the installation block 2, and the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base 7 is installed at the rear end of the conveying unit 1.
The conveying unit 1 comprises a conveying block 11, a conveying cavity 12, a feeding hole 13, an air inlet switch 14, an air pump 15, an air outlet 16, a conveying belt 17, a linked switch 18, a storage frame 19 and a high-pressure pump 20, wherein the conveying cavity 12 is formed in the conveying block 11, the feeding hole 13 is formed in the middle of the conveying block 11, the feeding hole 13 is communicated with the middle of the conveying cavity 12, the air outlet 16 is formed in the left end of the conveying block 11, the air outlet 16 is communicated with the conveying cavity 12, the rear side of the left end of the conveying cavity 12 is communicated with the air pump 15, the air pump 15 is installed on the side wall of the conveying block 11, the air inlet switch 14 is arranged at the left end of the inner part of the conveying cavity 12, the linked switch 18 is arranged in the feeding hole 13, the conveying belt 17 is connected between the linked switch 18 and the air inlet switch 14, the storage frame 19 is installed at the rear end of the conveying block 11, the, when the air pump is used for blowing air on the surface of the vehicle head framework, the air inlet switch 14 is adjusted to be opened, so that the air pump 15 inputs air into the conveying cavity 12, at the moment, the linkage switch 18 cuts off and seals the feed inlet 13 under the action of the conveying belt 17, the air inlet switch 14 is adjusted when the surface of the vehicle head framework is coated, so that the air inlet switch 14 cuts off the left end of the conveying cavity 12, the feed inlet 13 is in an open state, the paint in the storage frame 19 is conveyed into the conveying cavity 12 through the high-pressure pump 20 in a high-pressure mode, air blowing and paint conveying are controlled by changing a conveying track in the conveying cavity 12, residual paint in the conveying cavity 12 can be blown out through the air blowing, and residual liquid in the conveying cavity 12 is reduced.
The air inlet switch 14 comprises a T-shaped block 141, an L-shaped air cavity 142, a rotating shaft 143, a handle 144, two insertion holes 145 and an embedded piece 146, wherein the rotating shaft 143 is connected with the conveying block 11 through a bearing, the T-shaped block 141 is installed at the lower end of the rotating shaft 143, the L-shaped air cavity 142 is formed in the T-shaped block 141, the handle 144 is installed at the upper end of the rotating shaft 143, the two insertion holes 145 are formed in the left end and the rear end of the handle 144, and the embedded piece 146 is embedded between the insertion hole 145 in the rear end of the handle 144 and the conveying block 11.
The right end of the air outlet 16 is of an open structure, the right end of the air outlet 16 is connected with the extension tube through the built-in spring, the built-in spring is in an unstretched uncompressed original state at the moment, the extension tube is communicated with the left end of the L-shaped air cavity 142, and the T-shaped block 141 is ensured to rotate smoothly due to the elastic connection of the extension tube.
The linkage switch 18 comprises a rotating shaft 181, a gear 182, a partition plate 183 and a rack 184, wherein the rotating shaft 181 is connected with the conveying block 11 through a bearing, the gear 182 is mounted at the lower end of the rotating shaft 181, the rack 184 is meshed on the gear 182, the rack 184 is mounted at the front end of the partition plate 183, the partition plate 183 is connected with the conveying block 11 in a sliding fit manner, and a conveyor belt 17 is connected between the rotating shaft 181 and the rotating shaft 143.
The right end of the partition plate 183 is a sealing block made of rubber, so that a sealing effect is achieved, and the paint is prevented from permeating.
During specific work, when handling the wind-blowing of locomotive skeleton surface, rotate axis of rotation 143 and make T type piece 141 rotate ninety degrees clockwise, and insert 146 in patchhole 145, thereby with carry the position locking between the piece 11, another drives rotation axis 181 and rotates under the transmission of conveyer belt 17, under rack and pinion's effect, thereby it cuts off feed inlet 13 to drive partition plate 183 to move right, at this moment, T type piece 141 blocks up gas outlet 16, and simultaneously, can input gas smoothly in carrying chamber 12 through air pump 15, when painting locomotive skeleton surface, only need reverse reset can.
The coating nozzle 6 comprises a connecting pipe 61, an embedded frame 62, a reset spring 63, a telescopic frame body 64, a jacking blocking head 65 and a nozzle hole mechanism 66, the embedded frame 62 is connected with the embedded block 4 in an embedded mode, the reset spring 63 is connected between the embedded frame 62 and the telescopic frame body 64, the connecting pipe 61 is connected between the telescopic frame body 64 and the conveying cavity 12, the nozzle hole mechanism 66 is arranged at the front end of the telescopic frame body 64, the jacking blocking head 65 is installed inside the telescopic frame body 64, during specific work, the coating nozzle 6 is close to a headstock frame through the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base 7, the telescopic frame body 64 is always attached to the surface of the headstock frame under the action of the reset spring 63, the distance between the nozzle hole mechanism 66 and the surface of the headstock frame is always consistent, the uniformity of a coating spraying area is guaranteed, and whether the nozzle hole mechanism 66 is sprayed or not is.
Orifice mechanism 66 including embedding dish 661, rotate the chamber 662, rotate shower nozzle 663 and coupling spring 664, it is connected through the connecting piece between embedding dish 661 and the front end of telescopic frame 64, evenly seted up on the embedding dish 661 and rotated the chamber 662, it rotates shower nozzle 663 to rotate inside being equipped with of chamber 662, it has coupling spring 664 to rotate to link between both ends about shower nozzle 663 and the rotation chamber 662, during concrete work, coating, gas are when rotating shower nozzle 663, under the effect of coupling spring 664 and pressure, the condition that rocks can appear in rotating shower nozzle 663, thereby the working range of rotating shower nozzle 663 has been increased.
The left and right sides of the front end of telescopic framework 64 be equipped with two locating levers, the setting of locating lever has guaranteed the unity of distance between orifice mechanism 66 and the locomotive skeleton, has guaranteed the blowout scope of coating, the inner groovy has been seted up to the front end of locating lever, and is equipped with the drag reduction spheroid in the inner groovy, has reduced the frictional resistance with the locomotive skeleton.
The jacking plugging head 65 comprises a fixed block 651, a sliding rod 652, a jacking rod 655, a sleeve type spring 653 and a rolling ball 654, wherein the fixed block 651 is mounted inside the telescopic frame 64, the fixed block 651 is connected with the sliding rod 652 in a sliding fit manner, the front end of the sliding rod 652 is provided with the jacking rod 655, the front end of the jacking rod 655 is provided with a ball groove, a rolling ball 654 is arranged in the ball groove, the sleeve type spring 653 is connected between the fixed block 651 and the jacking rod 655, during specific work, when the rolling ball 654 is in contact with the vehicle head frame, the jacking rod 655 is pushed out backwards by a small distance, at the moment, paint can be conveyed from a gap between the fixed block 651 and the inside of the telescopic frame 64 and sprayed out from the spray hole mechanism 66, when the rolling ball 654 is not in contact with the vehicle head frame, at the moment, the rolling ball 654 is in a suspended state, which indicates that the current part of the vehicle head frame, the coating is not needed, therefore, the jacking rod 655 blocks the front end inside the telescopic frame body 64 under the elastic action of the sleeve type spring 653, the coating is suspended to be sprayed out, and the arrangement of the jacking blocking head 65 improves the effective coating rate of the headstock frame and reduces the waste rate of the coating.
The rotation chamber 662 be the spheroid structure, the rear end that rotates shower nozzle 663 is located rotates the chamber 662, has guaranteed to rotate the smooth degree that shower nozzle 663 rocked in rotating the inside of chamber 662, and has rotated shower nozzle 663 inside and has seted up and spout the chamber, the width that spouts the chamber reduces from back forward gradually, through the width that reduces the cavity, plays the effect of pressure boost to coating spun dynamics has been guaranteed.
In addition, the invention also provides a coating method of the automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive, which comprises the following steps;
s1, clamping the headstock frame, adjusting the coating spray head 6 in multiple directions through the multiple-degree-of-freedom adjusting base 7, and always supporting the front end of the telescopic frame 64 against the surface of the headstock frame under the action of the return spring 63;
s2, the feed inlet 13 is closed under the transmission of the conveyor belt 17 by rotating the air inlet switch 14, and at the moment, air can be sprayed out of the orifice mechanism 66 through the air pump 15, so that the surface of the headstock frame is subjected to integral air blowing cleaning;
s3, reversely rotating the air inlet switch 14, re-opening the feed inlet 13 under the transmission of the conveyor belt 17, closing the left end of the conveying cavity 12, conveying the paint in the storage frame 19 into the telescopic frame 64 through the high-pressure pump 20 at high pressure, spraying the paint from the spraying hole mechanism 66, and performing all-dimensional coating treatment on the surface of the headstock frame under the operation of the multi-freedom-degree adjusting base 7.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic coating machine tool is made to track locomotive, includes conveying unit (1), installation piece (2), embedding chamber (3), embedding piece (4), embedding board (5), application shower nozzle (6) and multi freedom adjust base (7), its characterized in that: the front end of the conveying unit (1) is provided with a mounting block (2), the mounting block (2) is uniformly provided with an embedding cavity (3) from left to right, the left side wall and the right side wall of the embedding cavity (3) are symmetrically provided with embedding blocks (4), a coating sprayer (6) is placed in the embedding cavity (3), an embedding plate (5) is embedded in the upper end of the mounting block (2), and the rear end of the conveying unit (1) is arranged on a multi-freedom-degree adjusting base (7);
the conveying unit (1) comprises a conveying block (11), a conveying cavity (12), a feeding hole (13), an air inlet switch (14), an air pump (15), an air outlet (16), a conveying belt (17), a linkage switch (18), a storage frame (19) and a high-pressure pump (20), the conveying cavity (12) is formed in the conveying block (11), the feeding hole (13) is formed in the middle of the conveying block (11), the feeding hole (13) is communicated with the middle of the conveying cavity (12), the air outlet (16) is formed in the left end of the conveying block (11), the air outlet (16) is communicated with the conveying cavity (12), the rear side of the left end of the conveying cavity (12) is communicated with the air pump (15), the air pump (15) is installed on the side wall of the conveying block (11), the air inlet switch (14) is arranged at the left end in the conveying cavity (12), the linkage switch (18) is arranged in the feeding hole (13), a conveyor belt (17) is connected between the linkage switch (18) and the air inlet switch (14), a storage frame (19) is installed at the rear end of the conveying block (11), the storage frame (19) is communicated with the feed inlet (13), and a high-pressure pump (20) is installed on the storage frame (19);
the coating sprayer (6) comprises a connecting pipe (61), an embedded frame (62), a return spring (63), a telescopic frame body (64), a jacking blocking head (65) and a spray hole mechanism (66), wherein the embedded frame (62) is in embedded connection with the embedded block (4), the return spring (63) is connected between the embedded frame (62) and the telescopic frame body (64), the connecting pipe (61) is connected between the telescopic frame body (64) and the conveying cavity (12), the spray hole mechanism (66) is arranged at the front end of the telescopic frame body (64), and the jacking blocking head (65) is installed inside the telescopic frame body (64);
orifice mechanism (66) including embedding dish (661), rotate chamber (662), rotate shower nozzle (663) and connecting spring (664), be connected through the connecting piece between the front end of embedding disc (661) and telescopic frame body (64), evenly seted up on embedding dish (661) and rotated chamber (662), it rotates shower nozzle (663) to rotate chamber (662) inside being equipped with, it has connecting spring (664) to rotate between both ends and the rotation chamber (662) about shower nozzle (663).
2. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 1, wherein: air inlet switch (14) include T type piece (141), L type air cavity (142), axis of rotation (143), handle (144), two patchhole (145) and embedding piece (146), axis of rotation (143) are connected with transport piece (11) through the bearing, T type piece (141) are installed to the lower extreme of axis of rotation (143), L type air cavity (142) have been seted up to T type piece (141) inside, handle (144) are installed to the upper end of axis of rotation (143), two patchhole (145) have been seted up to the left side of handle (144), the rear end, and it has embedding piece (146) to be located between patchhole (145) and the transport piece (11) of handle (144) rear end.
3. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 2, wherein: the right end of the air outlet (16) is of an open structure, the right end of the air outlet (16) is connected with the telescopic pipe through a built-in spring, and the telescopic pipe is communicated with the left end of the L-shaped air cavity (142).
4. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 2, wherein: the linkage switch (18) comprises a rotating shaft (181), a gear (182), a partition plate (183) and a rack (184), the rotating shaft (181) is connected with the conveying block (11) through a bearing, the gear (182) is installed at the lower end of the rotating shaft (181), the rack (184) is meshed on the gear (182), the rack (184) is installed at the front end of the partition plate (183), the partition plate (183) is connected with the conveying block (11) in a sliding fit mode, and a conveyor belt (17) is connected between the rotating shaft (181) and the rotating shaft (143);
the right end of the partition plate (183) is a sealing block made of rubber.
5. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 1, wherein: the left and right sides of the front end of the telescopic frame body (64) are provided with two positioning rods, the front ends of the positioning rods are provided with inner grooves, and drag reduction balls are arranged in the inner grooves.
6. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 1, wherein: jacking choke plug (65) include fixed block (651), slide bar (652), jacking rod (655), bushing type spring (653) and rolling spheroid (654), the inside at telescopic frame body (64) is installed in fixed block (651), be connected for sliding fit between fixed block (651) and slide bar (652), jacking rod (655) are installed to the front end of slide bar (652), the spheroid groove has been seted up to the front end of jacking rod (655), be equipped with rolling spheroid (654) in the spheroid groove, even have bushing type spring (653) between fixed block (651) and jacking rod (655).
7. The automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to claim 1, wherein: the rotating cavity (662) is of a sphere structure, the rear end of the rotating spray head (663) is located in the rotating cavity (662), the spraying cavity is formed in the rotating spray head (663), and the width of the spraying cavity is gradually reduced from back to front.
8. The coating method of the automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that: the coating method of the automatic coating machine for manufacturing the rail locomotive comprises the following steps;
s1, clamping the vehicle head framework, adjusting the coating nozzle (6) in multiple directions through the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base (7), and enabling the front end of the telescopic frame body (64) to be always abutted against the surface of the vehicle head framework under the action of the return spring (63);
s2, the feed inlet (13) is closed under the transmission of the conveyor belt (17) by rotating the air inlet switch (14), and at the moment, air can be sprayed out of the orifice mechanism (66) through the air pump (15), so that the surface of the headstock frame is subjected to integral air blowing cleaning;
s3, reversely rotating the air inlet switch (14), re-opening the feed inlet (13) under the transmission of the conveyor belt (17), closing the left end of the conveying cavity (12), conveying the paint in the storage frame (19) into the telescopic frame body (64) at high pressure through the high-pressure pump (20), spraying the paint from the spraying hole mechanism (66), and performing all-dimensional coating treatment on the surface of the headstock frame under the operation of the multi-degree-of-freedom adjusting base (7).
CN202010314842.XA 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Automatic coating machine and method for manufacturing rail car head Active CN111438018B (en)

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CN111889252B (en) * 2020-08-10 2021-10-26 扬州隆源电器有限公司 Anticorrosion and antirust plastic spraying process for shell manufactured by ring main unit metal plate
CN112317156B (en) * 2020-10-24 2022-01-14 四川成功新型材料科技有限公司 Reciprocating type spraying equipment of aluminium veneer
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CN207941638U (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-10-09 广州市祥枫化工科技有限公司 A kind of polyester resin production spray equipment
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JPH1157581A (en) * 1997-08-08 1999-03-02 Kubota Corp Device for automatically coating foaming agent to wall material
CN101495245A (en) * 2005-04-15 2009-07-29 利·H·安格罗斯 Analytic substrate coating apparatus and method
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