CN111436631A - Full-automatic garlic clove separating device - Google Patents

Full-automatic garlic clove separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111436631A
CN111436631A CN202010213244.3A CN202010213244A CN111436631A CN 111436631 A CN111436631 A CN 111436631A CN 202010213244 A CN202010213244 A CN 202010213244A CN 111436631 A CN111436631 A CN 111436631A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
assembly
conveying
supporting
along
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Granted
Application number
CN202010213244.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111436631B (en
Inventor
周小伟
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Fuyang Bainde New Material Technology Co ltd
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Fuyang Bainde New Material Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010213244.3A priority Critical patent/CN111436631B/en
Publication of CN111436631A publication Critical patent/CN111436631A/en
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Publication of CN111436631B publication Critical patent/CN111436631B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/12Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising a series of individual load-carriers fixed, or normally fixed, relative to traction element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a full-automatic garlic clove separating device, which comprises: the transmission advancing mechanism comprises a sequencing feeding assembly, a supporting table, a conveying assembly a and a conveying assembly b, wherein the conveying assembly b is provided with a tightening part along the transmission direction, the two groups of tightening parts are correspondingly arranged with the structures of the garlic in a matching way, and the center of the output end of the supporting table is provided with a slot along the length direction; the garlic splitting mechanism comprises an ejection assembly and a first guide assembly, wherein the ejection assembly slides on the first guide assembly and moves downwards along the vertical direction under the guidance of the first guide assembly; the split mechanism comprises a conveying assembly, a second guide assembly and a turnover assembly; the garlic root falling mechanism comprises a third guide component and a garlic root collecting box; the garlic clove separating device solves the technical problems that garlic is rubbed, stirred and separated into cloves through rotation of the clove separating wedge plate, the garlic clove separating working time is long, and the garlic clove separating effect is poor.

Description

Full-automatic garlic clove separating device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garlic, in particular to a full-automatic garlic clove separating device.
Background
The garlic is called garlic bulb, can be eaten or seasoned, can also be used as medicine, has certain anticancer effect, is popular among people, so the demand of the garlic bulb is increasing day by day, the garlic bulb is required to be subjected to proper splitting treatment no matter the garlic bulb is produced and processed or is cultivated, the garlic splitting at the present stage is separated from manual work, a special garlic splitting machine is generally adopted for splitting, but most of the existing splitting equipment adopts a rotary disc type splitting machine, the garlic is easily crushed in the splitting process, and the splitting effect is poor.
Patent No. CN201910550815X discloses a method for positioning garlic by inserting a fixed fine needle into garlic, then the garlic is rubbed, stirred and split by the rotation of the splitting wedge plates on the three splitting rollers, the garlic is kneaded and split by the rotation of the splitting wedge plates on the three splitting rollers, the garlic cannot be crushed, the splitting effect is good, the bottom of the splitting barrel is of an open structure, the blanking funnel is arranged at the bottom of the splitting barrel, the height of the blanking funnel is gradually increased from the middle to the edge, the middle position of the blanking funnel is provided with a garlic groove, the garlic collecting barrel is arranged at the central position of the bottom of the blanking funnel, and the garlic dropping device is correspondingly communicated with the garlic dropping groove, a plurality of supporting feet are arranged at the bottom of the dropping funnel at equal angles, a cushioning foot pad is arranged at the bottom end of each supporting foot, the connecting cylinder is arranged at the top of the split cylinder, the connecting cylinder and the split cylinder are coaxial, the diameter of the connecting cylinder is smaller than that of the split cylinder, and the guide hopper is arranged at the top of the connecting cylinder.
However, in the actual use process, the inventor finds that the garlic is rubbed and stirred to be split by the rotation of the splitting wedge plate, the splitting working time is long, and the splitting effect is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the garlic clove splitting mechanism is matched with the forward transmission mechanism to split garlic cloves outwards along the center, then the split garlic is positioned by the clove splitting mechanism, and simple centrifugal clove splitting work is completed simultaneously during output work, so that the phenomenon that the garlic is cracked when the garlic collides with each other under severe vibration is avoided, the product quality is improved, and the garlic roots are automatically dropped by the garlic root dropping mechanism, so that the technical problems that the garlic is rubbed and stirred by the rotation of the garlic splitting wedge plate, the clove splitting work time is long, and the clove splitting effect is poor are solved.
Aiming at the technical problems, the technical scheme is as follows: a fully automatic garlic clove separating device, comprising:
the garlic harvesting machine comprises a transmission advancing mechanism, a harvesting mechanism and a harvesting mechanism, wherein the transmission advancing mechanism comprises a sequencing feeding assembly, a supporting table arranged at the output end of the sequencing feeding assembly, two groups of conveying assemblies a and conveying assemblies b which are oppositely arranged on two sides of the supporting table, the conveying assemblies b are provided with clamping parts along the transmission direction, the corresponding arrangement parts of the two groups of clamping parts are matched with the structure of garlic, and the center of the output end of the supporting table is provided with a slot along the length direction;
the garlic bursting mechanism comprises an ejection component arranged above any one of the hooping parts and a first guide component arranged above the supporting table, and the ejection component slides on the first guide component and moves downwards along the vertical direction under the guide of the first guide component;
the splitting mechanism comprises a conveying assembly arranged below the supporting table, a second guide assembly arranged on the transmission advancing mechanism and used for guiding and conveying the conveying assembly, and a revolving assembly used for driving garlic on the conveying assembly to rotate and split; and
the garlic root peeling mechanism comprises a third guide assembly and a garlic root collecting box, wherein the third guide assembly is arranged on the conveying assembly and is matched with the garlic root on the driving conveying assembly to automatically peel off, and the garlic root collecting box is arranged on the conveying assembly and is positioned below the third guide assembly.
Preferably, the third guide assembly comprises two groups of pushing rails symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying assembly, the pushing rails are fixedly installed through an installation frame a, each pushing rail comprises a feeding portion and a stripping portion in smooth transition connection with the feeding portion, the stripping portions are obliquely and downwards arranged from the conveying assembly to the supporting table, and a stripping space for garlic roots is formed between the two groups of pushing rails.
Preferably, the sequencing feeding assembly comprises a vibrator and an output platform arranged at the output end of the vibrator;
a limiting plate is arranged above the output table, the vertical distance between the limiting plate and the output table is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is larger than H1 and H2.
Preferably, the conveying assembly a and the conveying assembly b both comprise a rack, a rotating wheel unit a which is rotatably arranged on the rack and is positioned at the input end of the supporting table, a rotating wheel unit b which is rotatably arranged on the rack and is positioned behind the rotating wheel unit a along the garlic conveying direction, and a rotating wheel unit c which is rotatably arranged on the rack and is positioned behind the rotating wheel unit b along the garlic conveying direction, wherein the rotating wheel unit a, the rotating wheel unit b and the rotating wheel unit c are in transmission connection through a belt;
a belt between the rotating wheel unit b and the rotating wheel unit c is parallel to the length direction of the supporting table; along the garlic conveying direction, the vertical distance between the belt between the rotating wheel units a and b and the middle line on the width of the supporting platform is gradually reduced.
Preferably, the tightening part comprises a plurality of groups of grooves which are vertically penetrated through the belt and are arranged at equal intervals along the length direction of the belt; the groove is of an arc-shaped structure.
Preferably, the ejection assembly comprises a connecting piece correspondingly arranged at the center of any one of the grooves and a downward pushing piece arranged at one end of the connecting piece and matched with and sliding in the first guide assembly;
the connecting piece comprises a connecting rod which is of a T-shaped structure, the lower end of the vertical part of the connecting rod is connected onto the groove, and a supporting rod which is arranged at the other end of the horizontal part of the connecting rod opposite to the lower pushing piece and is perpendicular to the connecting rod, the end part of the supporting rod is a cylindrical block, a supporting track is arranged on the rack along the sliding track of the supporting rod, and the cylindrical block is matched and clamped in the supporting track;
the lower pushing part comprises a supporting seat arranged on the connecting rod, a push rod arranged on the supporting seat in a sliding mode, two groups of telescopic units a fixedly connected with the push rod and a conical column fixedly connected with the lower end of the push rod and arranged in an elastic material structure, wherein the upper end of the push rod extends outwards along the vertical direction of the supporting seat; the telescopic unit a comprises a horizontally arranged dowel bar, a vertically arranged telescopic rod a and a compression spring a sleeved outside the telescopic rod a, the upper ends of the telescopic rod a and the compression spring a are fixedly connected with the lower end of the dowel bar, and the lower ends of the telescopic rod a and the compression spring a are fixedly connected with the supporting seat; the toper post is the back taper structure, and the supporting seat lower extreme seted up rather than match the setting and with the tapered slot that the mounting groove intercommunication set up.
Preferably, the first guide assembly comprises an installation frame b installed on the rack and a guide rail fixedly connected with the installation frame b and located right above the support table, the distance between the guide rail and the upper surface of the support table is gradually reduced along the transmission direction of the garlic, the input end of the guide rail is further provided with a parallel rail, and the parallel rail is in smooth transition connection with the guide rail.
Preferably, the conveying assembly comprises a chain wheel and chain unit, a plurality of groups of thimble elements arranged on the chain wheel and chain unit at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the chain wheel and chain unit, and a containing box body sleeved outside part of the thimble elements, wherein the containing box body is provided with an opening matched with the thimble elements at the input end of the thimble elements;
the thimble element comprises a mounting seat, a base a fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, a telescopic unit b with the lower end fixedly connected with the base a, a base b fixedly connected with the upper end of the telescopic unit b and a needle rotatably arranged on the base b;
the telescopic unit b comprises a telescopic rod b and a compression spring b sleeved outside the telescopic rod b.
Preferably, the second guide assembly includes:
the control column is arranged on the side wall of the base b, and the end part of the control column is arranged in a spherical structure; and
the adjusting track is arranged on the conveying assembly a and is arranged obliquely upwards along the conveying direction of the supporting table;
the control column is matched and slides in the adjusting track.
Preferably, the epicyclic assembly includes a gear coaxially and fixedly connected to the needle and a rack horizontally disposed and engaged with the gear, and the rack is attached to the transport assembly a.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the garlic clove separating machine, the driving forward mechanism is arranged to be matched with the garlic splitting mechanism, garlic cloves are split outwards along the center, the split garlic is positioned through the garlic splitting mechanism, and simple centrifugal splitting work is completed simultaneously during output work, so that the phenomenon that the garlic is cracked due to mutual collision under severe vibration is avoided, the product quality is improved, automatic falling of garlic roots is achieved through the garlic root falling mechanism, the automation degree of the whole production line is high, continuous production output is achieved, the working efficiency is high, and the yield and the product quality are high;
(2) according to the garlic root automatic falling mechanism, garlic roots in conveying automatically fall into the garlic root collecting box to be collected under the guiding of the pushing rails by arranging the third guiding assembly, the two groups of pushing rails play a role in downwards falling the jaws of the garlic roots, and after the garlic roots fall off, the pricking needle automatically resets under the elasticity of the telescopic unit b, so that the garlic root falling mechanism can be recycled, the use efficiency of the mechanism is improved, and the automation degree is high;
(3) according to the garlic clove separating and conveying device, the thimble piece of the conveying assembly is matched with the second guide assembly, so that the thimble piece is gradually lifted upwards and pricked upwards from the root of garlic in the conveying process, and the garlic is in a splitting state at the moment, so that the lifted pricking needle cannot be inserted into garlic cloves of the garlic to damage the garlic cloves, and the product quality is improved; in addition, the garlic is limited in the vertical direction by matching with the downward-pressing conical column, so that the garlic cannot be integrally lifted when the puncture needle is inserted into the root of the garlic from bottom to top, and the use is convenient;
(4) according to the garlic splitting machine, the turnover assembly is arranged and matched with the transmission of the chain wheel and chain unit, so that the gear drives the needle to synchronously rotate, the split garlic is centrifugally rotated and split, the garlic automatically falls into the containing box body to be collected, and the phenomenon that the split garlic is damaged and mashed garlic is formed due to mutual collision in high-speed centrifugal splitting work instead of a driven high-speed centrifugal machine is avoided.
In conclusion, the garlic clove separating device has the advantages of being simple in structure and capable of separating garlic cloves quickly, and is particularly suitable for the technical field of garlic.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a full-automatic garlic clove separating device.
Fig. 2 is a partial structure schematic diagram of a transmission advancing mechanism.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the split mechanism.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a third guide assembly.
FIG. 5 is a top view of a third guide assembly.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the garlic root peeling mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing a blanking state of the garlic root peeling mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing a blanking state of the garlic root peeling mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a transmission advancing mechanism.
Fig. 10 is a partial cross-sectional schematic view of the drive advancing mechanism.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a support stage.
Fig. 12 is a top view of the transmission advancing mechanism.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the delivery module a and the gripping section.
Figure 14 is a top schematic view of the delivery assembly a and gripping section.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the first guide assembly.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view showing the structure of the garlic bursting mechanism.
Fig. 17 is an enlarged partial schematic view at a of fig. 16.
Fig. 18 is a schematic structural view of the ejection assembly.
Fig. 19 is a first schematic sectional view of the ejection assembly.
Fig. 20 is a second cross-sectional view of the ejection assembly.
Fig. 21 is a partially enlarged schematic view at B of fig. 20.
Fig. 22 is a third schematic cross-sectional view of the ejection assembly.
Fig. 23 is a first structural schematic diagram of the split mechanism.
Fig. 24 is a schematic structural view of a transfer assembly.
Fig. 25 is an enlarged partial schematic view at C of fig. 24.
Fig. 26 is a structural schematic diagram of the split mechanism.
Fig. 27 is a front view schematically illustrating the split mechanism.
Fig. 28 is a top schematic view of the valving mechanism.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely explained by combining the attached drawings.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, a full-automatic garlic clove separating device includes:
the garlic harvesting machine comprises a transmission advancing mechanism 1, wherein the transmission advancing mechanism 1 comprises a sequencing feeding assembly 11, a support table 12 arranged at the output end of the sequencing feeding assembly 11, two groups of conveying assemblies a13 and a conveying assembly b14 which are oppositely arranged at two sides of the support table 12, a hooping part 15 is arranged on the conveying assembly b14 along the transmission direction of the conveying assembly b, the corresponding arrangement parts of the two groups of hooping parts 15 are matched with the structure of garlic 10, and a slot 121 is formed in the center of the output end of the support table 12 along the length direction of the output end;
the garlic bursting mechanism 2 comprises an ejection component 21 arranged above any one of the hooping parts 15 and a first guide component 22 arranged above the supporting platform 12, wherein the ejection component 21 slides on the first guide component 22 and moves downwards along the vertical direction under the guidance of the first guide component 22;
the splitting mechanism 3 comprises a conveying assembly 31 arranged below the supporting table 12, a second guide assembly 32 which is arranged on the transmission advancing mechanism 1 and used for guiding and conveying the conveying assembly 31, and a revolving assembly 33 used for driving the garlic 10 on the conveying assembly 31 to rotate and split; and
the garlic root peeling mechanism 4 comprises a third guiding component 41 which is arranged on the conveying component 31 and is matched with the garlic root 20 on the driving conveying component 31 to automatically peel off, and a garlic root collecting box 42 which is arranged on the conveying component 31 and is positioned below the third guiding component 41.
In this embodiment, through setting up the transmission mechanism that moves ahead cooperation garlic mechanism of blooming, bloom the garlic clove outwards along the center, the garlic after the rethread split mechanism will bloom is fixed a position, and at the output during operation, accomplish simple and easy centrifugation split work simultaneously, thereby can not cause under the violent shock the garlic phenomenon that breaks takes place under the collision each other, improve product quality, and drop mechanism 4 through the garlic root and realize that the automation of garlic root 20 drops, whole production line automation degree is high, the continuity production output, work efficiency is high, high output product quality.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, 5 and 6, the third guiding assembly 41 includes two sets of pushing rails 411 symmetrically disposed on both sides of the conveying assembly 31, the pushing rails 411 are fixedly mounted by a mounting frame a412, the pushing rails 411 include a feeding portion 413 and a material removing portion 414 smoothly and transitionally connected to the feeding portion 413, the material removing portion 414 is disposed obliquely downward from the conveying assembly 31 to the supporting table 12, and a material removing space 415 for the garlic roots 20 is formed between the two sets of pushing rails 411.
In this embodiment, the garlic roots 20 in conveying are automatically dropped into the garlic root collecting box 42 to be collected under the guidance of the pushing rails 411 by the third guiding assembly 41, the two sets of pushing rails 411 drop the jaws of the garlic roots 20 downwards, and after the garlic roots 20 are dropped, the pricking needle 319 automatically resets under the elasticity of the telescopic unit b317, so that the garlic root dropping mechanism 4 can be recycled, the use efficiency of the mechanism is improved, and the degree of automation is high.
Further, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the sequencing and feeding assembly 11 includes a vibrator 112 and an output platform 113 disposed at an output end of the vibrator 112;
a limiting plate 114 is arranged above the output table 113, the vertical distance between the limiting plate 114 and the output table 113 is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic 10 is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is greater than H1 and H2.
In this embodiment, the low frequency vibration of the vibrator 112 is used to make the chassis of the garlic 10 with a large gravity center face downward, and the limiting plate 114 is used to ensure that the garlic heads of the garlic 10 face upward, so as to ensure that the garlic 10 is sequentially and orderly output backward, thereby being beneficial to the later-stage ejection assembly 21 to perform the work of puncturing the center of the garlic 10.
It should be noted that by arranging the sorting and feeding assembly 11, the garlic bulbs are all driven to be conveyed backwards in an upward order, and the garlic bulbs are pushed forwards by the two sets of driving forward mechanisms to position the garlic bulbs 10 in the centers of the grooves.
In addition, the garlic 10 in the inclined state is limited by the limit plate 114 through H3 & gtH 1 & gtH 2, and each garlic 10 is ensured to be in a state that the garlic heads face upwards.
Further, as shown in fig. 2, 12 and 13, each of the conveying assemblies a13 and b14 includes a frame 131, a rotating wheel unit a132 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located at the input end of the supporting table 12, a rotating wheel unit b133 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located behind the rotating wheel unit a132 along the garlic 10 conveying direction, and a rotating wheel unit c134 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located behind the rotating wheel unit b133 along the garlic 10 conveying direction, wherein the rotating wheel unit a132, the rotating wheel unit b133 and the rotating wheel unit c134 are in transmission connection through a belt 135;
the belt 135 between the turning wheel unit b133 and the turning wheel unit c134 is parallel to the length direction of the support table 12; the vertical distance between the belt 135 between the rotary wheel units a132 and b133 and the center line of the support table 12 in the width direction of the garlic 10 is gradually decreased.
In this embodiment, by providing the conveying assembly a13 and the conveying assembly b14, the vertical distance between the belt 135 between the rotating wheel unit a132 and the rotating wheel unit b133 and the center line on the width of the support table 12 is gradually reduced, so that the two groups of belts form an outer splayed structure, which is beneficial for garlic 10 to rapidly enter the channel between the two groups of belts and be conveyed backwards together under the transmission of the belts; and then through the recess 151 of the part 15 of cramping of cooperation for garlic 10 receives the belt extrusion on both sides at the in-process that the passageway between the belt narrows down, makes it get into recess center department, and then is favorable to later stage ejection assembly 21 to the work of blooming of pushing down of garlic, and its precision is high, is difficult for the product substandard product.
It is worth mentioning that the device has high practicability, is beneficial to accurately positioning the garlic 10 with different specifications, and enables the garlic to be positioned at the center of the groove 151 all the time when the garlic is opened, so that the garlic is not deviated, and meanwhile, the horizontal part between the rotating wheel unit b133 and the rotating wheel unit c134 is rotated to position and tighten the garlic 10, so that the garlic is not deviated under extrusion and simultaneously drives the garlic to be synchronously conveyed and output.
Further, as shown in fig. 14, the tightening part 15 includes grooves 151 vertically penetrating the belt 135, the grooves 151 being arranged in groups at equal intervals along the length of the belt 135; the groove 151 is provided in an arc structure.
In this embodiment, the grooves 251 are provided in an arc-shaped configuration for the purpose of being matched with the sides of the garlic 10.
Further, as shown in fig. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, the ejection assembly 21 includes a connecting member 211 correspondingly disposed at the center of any one of the grooves 151, and a push-down member 212 disposed at one end of the connecting member 211 and sliding in the first guide assembly 22 in a matching manner;
the connecting member 211 comprises a connecting rod 2111 which is of a T-shaped structure and the lower end of the vertical part of which is connected to the groove 151 and a supporting rod 2112 which is arranged at the other end of the horizontal part of the connecting rod 2111 opposite to the pushing member 212 and is perpendicular to the connecting rod 2111, the end part of the supporting rod 2112 is a cylindrical block 2113, a supporting track 2114 is arranged on the frame 131 along the sliding track of the supporting rod 2112, and the cylindrical block 2113 is arranged in the supporting track 2114 in a matching and clamping manner;
the downward pushing member 212 comprises a supporting seat 2121 mounted on the connecting rod 2111, a top rod 2122 slidably disposed on the supporting seat 2121 and having an upper end extending outward along the vertical direction of the supporting seat 2121, two sets of telescopic units a2123 fixedly connected to the top rod 2122, and a conical column 2124 fixedly connected to the lower end of the top rod 2122 and having an elastic material structure, wherein an installation groove 2125 is disposed in the supporting seat 2121 along the vertical direction, and the telescopic units a2123 are slidably disposed in the installation groove 2125; the telescopic unit a2123 comprises a horizontally arranged transmission rod 2126, a vertically arranged telescopic rod a2127 and a compression spring a2128 sleeved outside the telescopic rod a2127, wherein the upper ends of the telescopic rod a2127 and the compression spring a2128 are fixedly connected with the lower end of the transmission rod 2126, and the lower ends of the telescopic rod a2127 and the compression spring a2128 are fixedly connected with the supporting seat 2121; the conical column 2124 is of an inverted conical structure, and the lower end of the support seat 2121 is provided with a conical groove 2129 which is matched with the support seat and communicated with the mounting groove 2125.
In this embodiment, the connecting member 211 is correspondingly disposed at any center of the groove 151, so as to ensure that the garlic 10 and the ejector rod 2122 are along the same vertical direction, and further ensure that the ejector rod 2122 can be inserted from the center of the garlic when facing the garlic of the same specification or different specifications, and the garlic 10 is diffused along the center to the periphery.
It should be noted that, by providing the support bar 2112, the two sides of the connection bar 2111 are kept balanced, and the situation that one side of the push-down member 212 falls down is not generated, thereby ensuring the stable transmission of the push-down member 212.
In addition, by arranging the lower pushing member 212, the top rod 2122 is driven by the first guiding component 22 to push downwards, the telescopic unit a2123 compresses, and the top rod 2122 drives the conical column 2124 to squeeze downwards along the center of the garlic 10, thereby bursting the garlic 10.
It should be noted here that the telescopic unit a2123 plays a role in supporting and guiding the ejector rod 2122, and also plays a role in automatically resetting the ejector rod 2122 after the push-down operation is completed, so as to facilitate the recycling of the push-down piece 212, improve the output of the garlic 10, improve the production efficiency, and reduce the production cost.
Meanwhile, the conical column 2124 is made of an elastic material, so that the pushing operation along the conical groove 2129 is not affected, the conical column 2124 can automatically contract under the extrusion of the conical groove 2129, and can automatically reset when lifted; on the other hand, the conical column 2124 does not damage the garlic 10 while pressing the garlic 10 downward, thereby improving the product quality.
Further, as shown in fig. 15, the first guide assembly 22 includes a mounting frame b221 and a guide rail 222 fixedly connected to the mounting frame b221 and located right above the supporting table 12, a distance between the guide rail 222 and the upper surface of the supporting table 12 is gradually reduced along a transmission direction of the garlic, a parallel rail 223 is further disposed at an input end of the guide rail 222, and the parallel rail 223 is smoothly and transitionally connected to the guide rail 222.
In this embodiment, by providing the first guiding assembly 22, the pushing member 212 is gradually and slowly pushed down to the center of the garlic 10 under the guiding action of the first guiding assembly 22, and the pushing member 212 and the positioned garlic 10 are synchronously driven, so as to realize the pushing operation of the pushing member 212, and save additional power and reduce the production cost.
In addition, the parallel rail 223 is provided to make the top rod 2122 supported and guided by the parallel rail 223 before entering the guide rail 222, and the connection is tight.
Further, as shown in fig. 23, 24 and 25, the conveying assembly 31 includes a sprocket chain unit 311, a plurality of groups of thimble elements 312 mounted on the sprocket chain unit 311 and arranged at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the sprocket chain unit 311, and a storage box 313 sleeved outside a part of the thimble elements 312, wherein the storage box 313 is provided with openings 314 matched with the thimble elements 312 at the input end and the output end of the thimble elements 312;
the thimble member 312 comprises a mounting base 315, a base a316 fixedly arranged on the mounting base 315, a telescopic unit b317 with a lower end fixedly connected with the base a316, a base b318 fixedly connected with an upper end of the telescopic unit b317, and a pricking pin 319 rotatably arranged on the base b 318;
the telescopic unit b317 comprises a telescopic rod b3171 and a compression spring b3172 sleeved outside the telescopic rod b 3171.
In this embodiment, the thimble element 312 of the conveying assembly 31 is arranged to cooperate with the second guide assembly 32, so that the thimble element 312 is gradually lifted upwards and pricked upwards from the root of the garlic 10 in the conveying process, and because the garlic 10 is in a blooming state at this time, the lifted pricking pin 319 cannot be inserted into the garlic clove of the garlic 10, so that the garlic clove is damaged, and the product quality is improved; in addition, the downward-pressing conical pillar 2124 is matched to limit the garlic 10 in the vertical direction, so that the garlic 10 cannot be integrally lifted up when the puncture needle 319 is inserted into the root of the garlic 10 from bottom to top, and the use is convenient.
In detail, the control column 321 slides in the adjusting track 322, and drives the base b318 to lift upwards along with the guiding of the adjusting track 322, at this time, the opened garlic 10 is located in the inserting slot 211 of the supporting seat 21, then the needle 319 on the base b318 penetrates through the inserting slot 211 to be inserted into the garlic 10, and the garlic is conveyed backwards along with the sprocket chain unit 311.
Further, as shown in fig. 26, the second guide assembly 32 includes:
a control column 321, wherein the control column 321 is installed on the side wall of the base b318 and the end part of the control column is arranged in a spherical structure; and
an adjusting track 322, wherein the adjusting track 322 is installed on the conveying assembly a13 and is arranged obliquely upwards along the conveying direction of the supporting table 12;
the control post 321 is slidably engaged within the adjustment track 322.
Example two
As shown in fig. 26, 27 and 28, in which the same or corresponding components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as those in the first embodiment, only the points of difference from the first embodiment will be described below for the sake of convenience. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that:
further, as shown in fig. 26, 27 and 28, the revolving assembly 33 includes a gear 331 coaxially and fixedly connected to the needle 319, and a rack 332 horizontally disposed and engaged with the gear 331, and the rack 332 is mounted on the conveying assembly a 13.
In this embodiment, through the transmission that sets up turnover subassembly 33 cooperation sprocket chain unit 311 for gear 331 drives the synchronous rotation of pricking needle 319, and then bursts the centrifugal rotation of the garlic 10 that bursts, and the garlic 10 is automatic to fall into and collect in storage box 313, replaces driven high-speed centrifuge, avoids what garlic in high-speed centrifugation split work, and the collision each other causes the damage, forms phenomenons such as mashed garlic.
The working process is as follows:
firstly, garlic is poured into the vibrator 112, garlic heads of the garlic are upward and sequentially enter the output table 113 under the vibration of the vibrator 112, then the garlic is orderly pushed to the support table 12, the two groups of belts 135 extrude and push the garlic 10 backwards, the two groups of belts 135 are gradually closed, the garlic enters the center of the groove 151, the ejection assembly 21 is transmitted to the first guide assembly 22 along with the belts 135, the conical column 2124 extrudes towards the center of the garlic along the conical groove 2129 under the guiding action of the ejector rod 2122 under the guiding action of the guide rail 222, and then the garlic 10 is gradually and completely spread;
then, the control column 321 slides in the adjusting track 322, and drives the base b318 to lift upwards along with the guiding of the adjusting track 322, at this time, the opened garlic 10 is located in the inserting slot 211 of the supporting seat 21, then the needle 319 on the base b318 penetrates through the inserting slot 211 to be inserted into the garlic 10, and the garlic is conveyed backwards along with the sprocket chain unit 311;
then, the gear 331 drives the needle 319 to rotate synchronously under the driving of the rack, so that the burst garlic 10 is centrifugally rotated to burst, and the garlic 10 automatically falls into the containing box 313 to be collected;
finally, the garlic root 20 is driven into the material dropping space 415 along with the pricking pin 319, and under the guidance of the pushing rail 411, the garlic root 20 automatically drops into the garlic root collecting box 42, and the pricking pin 319 automatically resets along with the telescopic unit b317 after leaving the pushing rail 411.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "front-back", "left-right", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or component must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Of course, in this disclosure, those skilled in the art will understand that the terms "a" and "an" should be interpreted as "at least one" or "one or more," i.e., in one embodiment, a number of an element may be one, and in another embodiment, a number of the element may be plural, and the terms "a" and "an" should not be interpreted as limiting the number.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily made by those skilled in the art in light of the technical teaching of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. A full-automatic garlic clove separating device is characterized by comprising:
the garlic harvesting machine comprises a transmission advancing mechanism (1), wherein the transmission advancing mechanism (1) comprises a sequencing feeding assembly (11), a supporting table (12) arranged at the output end of the sequencing feeding assembly (11), two groups of conveying assemblies a (13) and conveying assemblies b (14) which are oppositely arranged on two sides of the supporting table (12), a hooping part (15) is arranged on each conveying assembly b (14) along the transmission direction of the conveying assembly b, the corresponding arrangement parts of the two groups of hooping parts (15) are matched with the structure of garlic (10), and a slot (121) is formed in the center of the output end of the supporting table (12) along the length direction of the supporting table;
the garlic bursting mechanism (2) comprises an ejection component (21) arranged above any one of the hooping parts (15) and a first guide component (22) arranged above the supporting table (12), wherein the ejection component (21) slides on the first guide component (22) and moves downwards along the vertical direction under the guide of the first guide component (22);
the splitting mechanism (3) comprises a conveying assembly (31) arranged below the supporting table (12), a second guide assembly (32) which is arranged on the transmission advancing mechanism (1) and guides and conveys the conveying assembly (31), and a revolving assembly (33) which is used for driving the garlic (10) on the conveying assembly (31) to rotate and split; and
garlic root shedding mechanism (4), garlic root shedding mechanism (4) is including installing third guide assembly (41) that garlic root (20) on conveying subassembly (31) and cooperation drive conveying subassembly (31) drop automatically and install conveying subassembly (31) is last and be located garlic root collecting box (42) of third guide assembly (41) below.
2. The full-automatic garlic clove separating device according to claim 1, wherein the third guiding assembly (41) comprises two sets of pushing tracks (411) symmetrically arranged at two sides of the conveying assembly (31), the pushing tracks (411) are fixedly installed through a mounting frame a (412), the pushing tracks (411) comprise a feeding portion (413) and a stripping portion (414) smoothly and transitionally connected with the feeding portion (413), the stripping portion (414) is obliquely arranged downwards from the conveying assembly (31) to the supporting platform (12), and a stripping space (415) for garlic roots (20) is formed between the two sets of pushing tracks (411).
3. The full automatic garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sequencing feeding assembly (11) comprises a vibrator (112) and an output table (113) arranged at the output end of the vibrator (112);
a limiting plate (114) is arranged above the output table (113), the vertical distance between the limiting plate (114) and the output table (113) is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic (10) is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is more than H1 and more than H2.
4. The full-automatic garlic clove separating device according to claim 1, wherein the conveying assembly a (13) and the conveying assembly b (14) each comprise a frame (131), a rotating wheel unit a (132) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located at an input end of the support table (12), a rotating wheel unit b (133) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located behind the rotating wheel unit a (132) along a garlic (10) conveying direction, and a rotating wheel unit c (134) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located behind the rotating wheel unit b (133) along the garlic (10) conveying direction, wherein the rotating wheel unit a (132), the rotating wheel unit b (133) and the rotating wheel unit c (134) are in transmission connection through a belt (135);
a belt (135) between the rotating wheel unit b (133) and the rotating wheel unit c (134) is parallel to the length direction of the support table (12); along the conveying direction of the garlic (10), the vertical distance between a belt (135) between the rotating wheel units a (132) and b (133) and the middle line on the width of the supporting platform (12) is gradually reduced.
5. A full automatic garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the banding part (15) comprises a groove (151) vertically penetrating the belt (135), the groove (151) is arranged in several groups at equal intervals along the length direction of the belt (135); the groove (151) is arranged in an arc-shaped structure.
6. The full-automatic garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the ejecting assembly (21) comprises a connecting piece (211) correspondingly arranged at the center of any one of the grooves (151) and a pushing-down piece (212) arranged at one end of the connecting piece (211) and sliding in the first guiding assembly (22) in a matching way;
the connecting piece (211) comprises a connecting rod (2111) which is of a T-shaped structure, the lower end of the vertical part of the connecting rod is connected onto the groove (151), and a supporting rod (2112) which is arranged at the other end of the horizontal part of the connecting rod (2111) opposite to the downward pushing piece (212) and is perpendicular to the connecting rod (2111), the end part of the supporting rod (2112) is a cylindrical block (2113), a supporting track (2114) is arranged on the rack (131) along the sliding track of the supporting rod (2112), and the cylindrical block (2113) is matched, clamped and arranged in the supporting track (2114);
the downward pushing part (212) comprises a supporting seat (2121) arranged on the connecting rod (2111), a push rod (2122) which is arranged on the supporting seat (2121) in a sliding mode and the upper end of the push rod extends outwards along the vertical direction of the supporting seat (2121), two groups of telescopic units a (2123) fixedly connected with the push rod (2122) and a conical column (2124) which is fixedly connected with the lower end of the push rod (2122) and is arranged in an elastic material structure, an installation groove (2125) is arranged in the supporting seat (2121) along the vertical direction, and the telescopic units a (2123) are arranged in the installation groove (2125) in a sliding mode; the telescopic unit a (2123) comprises a horizontally arranged transmission rod (2126), a vertically arranged telescopic rod a (2127) and a compression spring a (2128) sleeved outside the telescopic rod a (2127), the upper ends of the telescopic rod a (2127) and the compression spring a (2128) are fixedly connected with the lower end of the transmission rod (2126), and the lower ends of the telescopic rod a (2127) and the compression spring a (2128) are fixedly connected with the supporting seat (2121); the conical column (2124) is of an inverted conical structure, and the lower end of the supporting seat (2121) is provided with a conical groove (2129) which is matched with the supporting seat and communicated with the mounting groove (2125).
7. The full-automatic garlic clove separating device according to claim 5, wherein the first guiding assembly (22) comprises a mounting frame b (221) and a guiding rail (222) fixedly connected with the mounting frame b (221) and located right above the supporting table (12), the distance between the guiding rail (222) and the upper surface of the supporting table (12) is gradually reduced along the garlic conveying direction, the input end of the guiding rail (222) is further provided with a parallel rail (223), and the parallel rail (223) is smoothly and transitionally connected with the guiding rail (222).
8. The full-automatic garlic clove separating device according to claim 1, wherein the conveying assembly (31) comprises a chain wheel and chain unit (311), a plurality of groups of thimble pieces (312) arranged on the chain wheel and chain unit (311) and arranged at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the chain wheel and chain unit (311), and a containing box body (313) sleeved outside a part of the thimble pieces (312), wherein the containing box body (313) is provided with opening openings (314) matched with the thimble pieces (312) at the input end and the output end of the thimble pieces (312);
the thimble piece (312) comprises a mounting seat (315), a base a (316) fixedly arranged on the mounting seat (315), a telescopic unit b (317) with the lower end fixedly connected with the base a (316), a base b (318) fixedly connected with the upper end of the telescopic unit b (317), and a pricking pin (319) rotatably arranged on the base b (318);
the telescopic unit b (317) comprises a telescopic rod b (3171) and a compression spring b (3172) sleeved outside the telescopic rod b (3171).
9. A fully automatic garlic clove apparatus as claimed in claim 8, wherein the second guide assembly (32) comprises:
the control column (321) is installed on the side wall of the base b (318) and the end part of the control column (321) is of a spherical structure; and
an adjusting track (322), wherein the adjusting track (322) is installed on the conveying assembly a (13) and is arranged obliquely upwards along the conveying direction of the supporting table (12);
the control post (321) is matched and slides in the adjusting track (322).
10. The full automatic garlic clove separating device according to claim 8, wherein the revolving assembly (33) comprises a gear (331) which is coaxial and fixedly connected with the inserting needle (319), and a rack (332) which is horizontally arranged and meshed with the gear (331), the rack (332) is installed on the conveying assembly a (13).
CN202010213244.3A 2020-03-24 2020-03-24 Full-automatic garlic clove separating device Active CN111436631B (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2077942A1 (en) * 1970-02-20 1971-11-05 Lacoste Jean Mechanical prepn of garlic - for sale
CN1653967A (en) * 2005-02-02 2005-08-17 程慎言 A scrub press type garlic flakes separating machine
CN201967618U (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-09-14 邱敬恩 Garlic clove separating machine
KR20110115251A (en) * 2010-04-15 2011-10-21 노회욱 Garlic stem cutting machine
CN203194502U (en) * 2012-11-18 2013-09-18 苏州蓝王机床工具科技有限公司 Garlic splitting machine
CN205497596U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-08-24 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Full -automatic garlic root cutter
CN106258161A (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-01-04 李群涛 A kind of combine harvester for garlic
CN207927742U (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-02 刘晓雨 A kind of garlic-splitting-and device
CN108813466A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-11-16 临泉县超杰蔬菜脱水有限公司 A kind of garlic full automatic treatment production system and production technology

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2077942A1 (en) * 1970-02-20 1971-11-05 Lacoste Jean Mechanical prepn of garlic - for sale
CN1653967A (en) * 2005-02-02 2005-08-17 程慎言 A scrub press type garlic flakes separating machine
KR20110115251A (en) * 2010-04-15 2011-10-21 노회욱 Garlic stem cutting machine
CN201967618U (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-09-14 邱敬恩 Garlic clove separating machine
CN203194502U (en) * 2012-11-18 2013-09-18 苏州蓝王机床工具科技有限公司 Garlic splitting machine
CN106258161A (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-01-04 李群涛 A kind of combine harvester for garlic
CN205497596U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-08-24 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Full -automatic garlic root cutter
CN207927742U (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-02 刘晓雨 A kind of garlic-splitting-and device
CN108813466A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-11-16 临泉县超杰蔬菜脱水有限公司 A kind of garlic full automatic treatment production system and production technology

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