CN111423123A - Preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze - Google Patents

Preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111423123A
CN111423123A CN202010505489.3A CN202010505489A CN111423123A CN 111423123 A CN111423123 A CN 111423123A CN 202010505489 A CN202010505489 A CN 202010505489A CN 111423123 A CN111423123 A CN 111423123A
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China
Prior art keywords
powder
aluminum hydroxide
kaolin
parts
iron sand
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Pending
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CN202010505489.3A
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Inventor
郭镇
郭伟亮
杨云山
吴似丹
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Meizhou Liangxinyuan Industrial Co ltd
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Meizhou Liangxinyuan Industrial Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010505489.3A priority Critical patent/CN111423123A/en
Publication of CN111423123A publication Critical patent/CN111423123A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of ceramic raw material processing, and particularly discloses a preparation method of a matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze, which comprises the steps of introducing aluminum hydroxide and an iron oxide compound into a ceramic glaze formula to serve as coloring color base pigments, carrying out interlayer domain modification on layered silicate minerals such as kaolin and the like which are one of important raw materials, introducing aluminum hydroxide color base powder and iron oxide color base powder into the layers of kaolin, carrying out in-situ reaction on the aluminum hydroxide color base powder and the iron oxide color base powder with siliceous components of a layered structure in the high-temperature reduction flame sintering process, limiting the growth of products by the layered structure of the minerals, and forming an iron sand gold crystal phase structure, wherein the modified kaolin has small change of physical and chemical properties and is easy to be uniformly mixed with other raw materials in the ball milling process, so that the iron sand gold crystal phase formed in the high-temperature reduction flame sintering process is uniformly distributed in a ceramic product, the surface is matt, and the iron sand gold crystal phase is shiny.

Description

Preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of ceramic raw material processing, and particularly relates to a preparation method of a matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
Background
China has huge ceramic production scale, the yield accounts for 65 percent of the world, the export amount accounts for more than 70 percent of the total export amount of the world, but the problems of low product grade and the like generally exist, and the unit price of export products is only 1/5-1/7 of foreign products. At present, most of various ceramic products produced and sold by ceramic enterprises in China adopt the traditional ceramic glaze or color glaze to decorate the surface of the product, and the traditional situation that the innovation is insufficient is existed. The novel ceramic glaze is developed into one of main development directions of various ceramic enterprises, the novel glaze is used for decorating products, and the novel ceramic glaze has the characteristics of simplicity, brightness, novelty, low manufacturing cost and the like, and has important significance for improving the scientific and technological content, the added value and the high-quality development of ceramic products in China.
Therefore, the person skilled in the art proposes a preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze so as to solve the problems proposed in the background.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a preparation method of a matt iron-sand-gold ceramic glaze material which is simple in structure, reasonable in design, convenient to use, good in decorative effect and low in manufacturing cost, and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: the color-based composite material comprises 8-13 parts of aluminum hydroxide color-based powder, 3-8 parts of ferric oxide color-based powder, 5-10 parts of modified kaolin, 45-55 parts of feldspar, 10-15 parts of quartz, 2-5 parts of limestone, 15-20 parts of slurry stone and 3-6 parts of clay.
A preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze comprises the following steps:
s1, respectively and finely grinding aluminum hydroxide and ferric oxide compounds by a dry grinder in advance to prepare powder;
s2, respectively filling aluminum hydroxide powder and iron oxide powder into a refractory sagger, stacking the refractory sagger on a kiln car, pushing the refractory sagger into a shuttle kiln for calcination, wherein the calcination temperature is 980-1050 ℃, the calcination atmosphere is an oxidation atmosphere, the high-temperature calcination time is 3 hours, and after cooling, aluminum hydroxide chromophore powder and iron oxide chromophore powder are obtained for later use;
s3, screening kaolin, removing impurities, crushing, and sieving with a 80-mesh sieve to obtain kaolin powder for later use;
s4, modifying the interlayer domain of layered silicate minerals such as kaolin, adding citric acid and lactic acid into kaolin powder according to the mass ratio of 1:25, and stirring for 2-3 hours in a stirring tank in a water-isolating mode, wherein the temperature of water is 65-75 ℃, the stirring speed is 250-350 r/min, and modified kaolin slurry is prepared for later use;
s5, accurately mixing the aluminum hydroxide color base powder, the ferric oxide color base powder and the modified kaolin according to the raw material proportion in advance, and fully introducing the aluminum hydroxide and the ferric oxide into the interlayer domain of the kaolin by uniformly stirring and mixing to obtain a color base mixture;
s6, classifying and screening feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay, removing impurities and crushing for later use;
s7, accurately mixing various raw materials of feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay according to the raw material ratio to obtain a mixed material;
s8, adding the color base mixture obtained in the step S5 and the mixed material obtained in the step S7 into a ball mill, and performing fine grinding, sieving and ageing processes through a wet ball milling process to obtain the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
Preferably, the main process parameters of obtaining the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the step S8 are as follows:
the ratio of the grinding material to the water is 1:2.5: 1.2;
grinding time: the reaction time is 36 hours,
the fineness of the glaze: sieving the glaze material by a standard sieve of 360 meshes, wherein the screen residue is 2-3%;
water content of glaze: 45-48%;
the glaze material is aged for 21 days;
firing temperature of ceramic product: and (3) sintering at 1280-1330 ℃ by reducing flame at high temperature.
Preferably, the aluminum hydroxide color base powder is aluminum hydroxide.
Preferably, the iron oxide color base powder is iron oxide.
Preferably, in step S4, the moisture content of the slurry is controlled to 40-45%, and then the slurry is dried by a spray drying tower to obtain the modified kaolin raw material.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical effects and advantages that:
1. aluminum hydroxide and an iron oxide compound are introduced into a ceramic glaze formula to serve as coloring base pigments; the modified kaolin is not changed greatly in physical and chemical properties and is easy to be mixed with other raw materials uniformly in the ball milling processing process, so that iron sand gold crystal phases formed in the high-temperature reduction flame firing process are uniformly distributed in a ceramic product, and the surface of the ceramic product is matt and has a glittering iron sand gold crystal phase;
2. the invention has the characteristics of simple structure, reasonable arrangement, simple, bright and novel ceramic product obtained by the invention, low manufacturing cost and the like.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the preparation process of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a table of component proportions for example 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a table of component proportions for example 2 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a table of component distribution ratios in example 3 of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and do not delimit the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-4, the invention provides a matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze which comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: the color-based composite material comprises 10 parts of aluminum hydroxide color-based powder, 5 parts of ferric oxide color-based powder, 8 parts of modified kaolin, 45 parts of feldspar, 12 parts of quartz, 2 parts of limestone, 15 parts of slurry stone and 3 parts of clay.
A preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze comprises the following steps:
s1, respectively and finely grinding aluminum hydroxide and ferric oxide compounds by a dry grinder to prepare powder (the fineness requires that all the powder passes through a 250-mesh sieve, and the residue on the sieve is controlled to be 1%);
s2, respectively filling aluminum hydroxide powder and iron oxide powder into a refractory sagger, stacking the refractory sagger on a kiln car, pushing the refractory sagger into a shuttle kiln for calcination, wherein the calcination temperature is 980 ℃, the calcination atmosphere is an oxidation atmosphere, the high-temperature calcination time is 3 hours, and after cooling, aluminum hydroxide chromophore powder and iron oxide chromophore powder are obtained for later use;
s3, screening kaolin, removing impurities, crushing, and sieving with a 80-mesh sieve (the residue is controlled within 1.5 percent) to prepare kaolin powder for later use;
s4, modifying the interlayer domain of layered silicate minerals such as kaolin and the like, adding citric acid and lactic acid into kaolin powder according to the mass ratio of 1:25, and stirring for 2 hours in a stirring tank with water at 65 ℃ and at the stirring speed of 250 r/min to prepare modified kaolin slurry for later use;
s5, accurately mixing the aluminum hydroxide color base powder, the ferric oxide color base powder and the modified kaolin according to the raw material proportion in advance, and fully introducing the aluminum hydroxide and the ferric oxide into the interlayer domain of the kaolin by uniformly stirring and mixing to obtain a color base mixture;
s6, classifying and screening feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay, removing impurities and crushing for later use;
s7, accurately mixing various raw materials of feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay according to the raw material ratio to obtain a mixed material;
s8, adding the color base mixture obtained in the step S5 and the mixed material obtained in the step S7 into a ball mill, and performing fine grinding, sieving and ageing processes through a wet ball milling process to obtain the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
Specifically, the main process parameters of obtaining the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the step S8 are as follows:
the ratio of the grinding material to the water is 1:2.5: 1.2;
grinding time: the reaction time is 36 hours,
the fineness of the glaze: sieving the glaze material with a standard sieve of 360 meshes, and sieving the glaze material with a residual of 2 percent;
water content of glaze: 45 percent;
the glaze material is aged for 21 days;
firing temperature of ceramic product: and (3) sintering at 1280 ℃ by reducing flame at high temperature.
Specifically, the aluminum hydroxide color base powder is aluminum hydroxide.
Specifically, the iron oxide color base powder is iron oxide.
Specifically, in step S4, the moisture content of the slurry is controlled to 40%, and the slurry is dried by a spray drying tower to obtain the modified kaolin raw material.
The composition of the matte iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the embodiment is shown in figure 2.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1-4, the invention provides a matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze which comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: the color-based composite material comprises 10 parts of aluminum hydroxide color-based powder, 4 parts of ferric oxide color-based powder, 5 parts of modified kaolin, 47 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of quartz, 3 parts of limestone, 17 parts of slurry stone and 4 parts of clay.
A preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze comprises the following steps:
s1, respectively and finely grinding aluminum hydroxide and ferric oxide compounds by a dry grinder to prepare powder (the fineness requires that all the powder passes through a 250-mesh sieve, and the residue on the sieve is controlled to be 1.5%);
s2, respectively filling aluminum hydroxide powder and iron oxide powder into a refractory sagger, stacking the refractory sagger on a kiln car, pushing the refractory sagger into a shuttle kiln for calcination, wherein the calcination temperature is 1000 ℃, the calcination atmosphere is an oxidation atmosphere, the high-temperature calcination time is 3 hours, and after cooling, aluminum hydroxide chromophore powder and iron oxide chromophore powder are obtained for later use;
s3, screening kaolin, removing impurities, crushing, sieving with a 80-mesh sieve (the residue on the sieve is controlled to be 2%), and preparing kaolin powder for later use;
s4, modifying the interlayer domain of layered silicate minerals such as kaolin and the like, adding citric acid and lactic acid into kaolin powder according to the mass ratio of 1:25, and placing the mixture in a stirring tank to be mixed and stirred for 2.5 hours in a water-isolating mode, wherein the temperature of water is 70 ℃, and the stirring speed is 300 r/min, so as to prepare modified kaolin slurry for later use;
s5, accurately mixing the aluminum hydroxide color base powder, the ferric oxide color base powder and the modified kaolin according to the raw material proportion in advance, and fully introducing the aluminum hydroxide and the ferric oxide into the interlayer domain of the kaolin by uniformly stirring and mixing to obtain a color base mixture;
s6, classifying and screening feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay, removing impurities and crushing for later use;
s7, accurately mixing various raw materials of feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay according to the raw material ratio to obtain a mixed material;
s8, adding the color base mixture obtained in the step S5 and the mixed material obtained in the step S7 into a ball mill, and performing fine grinding, sieving and ageing processes through a wet ball milling process to obtain the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
Specifically, the main process parameters of obtaining the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the step S8 are as follows:
the ratio of the grinding material to the water is 1:2.5: 1.2;
grinding time: the reaction time is 36 hours,
the fineness of the glaze: sieving the glaze material with a standard sieve of 360 meshes, and sieving the glaze material with a residual sieve of 2.5 percent;
water content of glaze: 46 percent;
the glaze material is aged for 21 days;
firing temperature of ceramic product: and (3) sintering at 1300 ℃ by reducing flame at high temperature.
Specifically, the aluminum hydroxide color base powder is aluminum hydroxide.
Specifically, the iron oxide color base powder is iron oxide.
Specifically, in step S4, the moisture content of the slurry is controlled to 43%, and the slurry is dried by a spray drying tower to obtain the modified kaolin raw material.
The composition of the matte iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the embodiment is shown in figure 3.
Example 3
Referring to fig. 1-4, the invention provides a matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze which comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: the color-based composite material comprises 8 parts of aluminum hydroxide color-based powder, 5 parts of ferric oxide color-based powder, 10 parts of modified kaolin, 45 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of quartz, 4 parts of limestone, 15 parts of slurry stone and 3 parts of clay.
A preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze comprises the following steps:
s1, respectively and finely grinding aluminum hydroxide and ferric oxide compounds by a dry grinder to prepare powder (the fineness requires that all the powder passes through a 250-mesh sieve, and the residue on the sieve is controlled to be 1.5%);
s2, respectively filling aluminum hydroxide powder and iron oxide powder into a refractory sagger, stacking the refractory sagger on a kiln car, pushing the refractory sagger into a shuttle kiln for calcination, wherein the calcination temperature is 1050 ℃, the calcination atmosphere is an oxidation atmosphere, the high-temperature calcination time is 3 hours, and after cooling, aluminum hydroxide chromophore powder and iron oxide chromophore powder are obtained for later use;
s3, screening kaolin, removing impurities, crushing, sieving with a 80-mesh sieve (the residue is controlled to be 3 percent), and preparing kaolin powder for later use;
s4, modifying the interlayer domain of layered silicate minerals such as kaolin and the like, adding citric acid and lactic acid into kaolin powder according to the mass ratio of 1:25, and stirring for 3 hours in a stirring tank with water at 75 ℃ and at the stirring speed of 350 r/min to prepare modified kaolin slurry for later use;
s5, accurately mixing the aluminum hydroxide color base powder, the ferric oxide color base powder and the modified kaolin according to the raw material proportion in advance, and fully introducing the aluminum hydroxide and the ferric oxide into the interlayer domain of the kaolin by uniformly stirring and mixing to obtain a color base mixture;
s6, classifying and screening feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay, removing impurities and crushing for later use;
s7, accurately mixing various raw materials of feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay according to the raw material ratio to obtain a mixed material;
s8, adding the color base mixture obtained in the step S5 and the mixed material obtained in the step S7 into a ball mill, and performing fine grinding, sieving and ageing processes through a wet ball milling process to obtain the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
Specifically, the main process parameters of obtaining the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the step S8 are as follows:
the ratio of the grinding material to the water is 1:2.5: 1.2;
grinding time: the reaction time is 36 hours,
the fineness of the glaze: sieving the glaze material with a standard sieve of 360 meshes to obtain 3 percent of screen residue;
water content of glaze: 48 percent;
the glaze material is aged for 21 days;
firing temperature of ceramic product: and (4) sintering at 1330 ℃ by reducing flame at high temperature.
Specifically, the aluminum hydroxide color base powder is aluminum hydroxide.
Specifically, the iron oxide color base powder is iron oxide.
Specifically, in step S4, the moisture content of the slurry is controlled to 40-45%, and the slurry is dried by a spray drying tower to obtain the modified kaolin raw material.
The composition of the matte iron sand gold ceramic glaze in the embodiment is shown in figure 4.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: aluminum hydroxide and iron oxide compounds are introduced into a ceramic glaze formula to serve as coloring base pigments; and carrying out interlayer domain modification on a layered silicate mineral such as kaolin and the like which are used for producing one of important raw materials, introducing aluminum hydroxide color base powder and ferric oxide color base powder into the interlayer of the kaolin, enabling the aluminum hydroxide color base powder and the ferric oxide color base powder to react with siliceous components of a layered structure in situ in the high-temperature reducing flame sintering process, and limiting the growth of a product by the layered structure of the mineral, thereby forming an iron sand gold crystal phase structure.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The matte iron sand gold ceramic glaze is characterized in that: the composition comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: the color-based composite material comprises 8-13 parts of aluminum hydroxide color-based powder, 3-8 parts of ferric oxide color-based powder, 5-10 parts of modified kaolin, 45-55 parts of feldspar, 10-15 parts of quartz, 2-5 parts of limestone, 15-20 parts of slurry stone and 3-6 parts of clay.
2. The method for preparing matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, respectively and finely grinding aluminum hydroxide and ferric oxide compounds by a dry grinder in advance to prepare powder;
s2, respectively filling aluminum hydroxide powder and iron oxide powder into a refractory sagger, stacking the refractory sagger on a kiln car, pushing the refractory sagger into a shuttle kiln for calcination, wherein the calcination temperature is 980-1050 ℃, the calcination atmosphere is an oxidation atmosphere, the high-temperature calcination time is 3 hours, and after cooling, aluminum hydroxide chromophore powder and iron oxide chromophore powder are obtained for later use;
s3, screening kaolin, removing impurities, crushing, and sieving with a 80-mesh sieve to obtain kaolin powder for later use;
s4, modifying the interlayer domain of layered silicate minerals such as kaolin, adding citric acid and lactic acid into kaolin powder according to the mass ratio of 1:25, and stirring for 2-3 hours in a stirring tank in a water-isolating mode, wherein the temperature of water is 65-75 ℃, the stirring speed is 250-350 r/min, and modified kaolin slurry is prepared for later use;
s5, accurately mixing the aluminum hydroxide color base powder, the ferric oxide color base powder and the modified kaolin according to the raw material proportion in advance, and fully introducing the aluminum hydroxide and the ferric oxide into the interlayer domain of the kaolin by uniformly stirring and mixing to obtain a color base mixture;
s6, classifying and screening feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay, removing impurities and crushing for later use;
s7, accurately mixing various raw materials of feldspar, quartz, limestone, slurry stone and clay according to the raw material ratio to obtain a mixed material;
s8, adding the color base mixture obtained in the step S5 and the mixed material obtained in the step S7 into a ball mill, and performing fine grinding, sieving and ageing processes through a wet ball milling process to obtain the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze.
3. The method for preparing matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the main process parameters of the matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze obtained in the step S8 are as follows:
the ratio of the grinding material to the water is 1:2.5: 1.2;
grinding time: the reaction time is 36 hours,
the fineness of the glaze: sieving the glaze material by a standard sieve of 360 meshes, wherein the screen residue is 2-3%;
water content of glaze: 45-48%;
the glaze material is aged for 21 days;
firing temperature of ceramic product: and (3) sintering at 1280-1330 ℃ by reducing flame at high temperature.
4. The method for preparing matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the aluminum hydroxide color base powder is aluminum hydroxide.
5. The method for preparing matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the iron oxide color base powder is iron oxide.
6. The method for preparing matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze according to claim 2, wherein the method comprises the following steps: and S4, controlling the moisture of the slurry to be 40-45%, and drying the slurry by a spray drying tower to obtain the modified kaolin raw material.
CN202010505489.3A 2020-06-05 2020-06-05 Preparation method of matt iron sand gold ceramic glaze Pending CN111423123A (en)

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