CN111421665A - Concrete mixing plant and mixing method thereof - Google Patents

Concrete mixing plant and mixing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111421665A
CN111421665A CN202010319163.1A CN202010319163A CN111421665A CN 111421665 A CN111421665 A CN 111421665A CN 202010319163 A CN202010319163 A CN 202010319163A CN 111421665 A CN111421665 A CN 111421665A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drive
storage bin
bevel gear
motor
sides
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Granted
Application number
CN202010319163.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111421665B (en
Inventor
吴昊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Renshou Xuyu Commercial Concrete Co ltd
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Renshou Xuyu Commercial Concrete Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010319163.1A priority Critical patent/CN111421665B/en
Publication of CN111421665A publication Critical patent/CN111421665A/en
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Publication of CN111421665B publication Critical patent/CN111421665B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/10Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing
    • B28C5/12Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing with stirrers sweeping through the materials, e.g. with incorporated feeding or discharging means or with oscillating stirrers
    • B28C5/16Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing with stirrers sweeping through the materials, e.g. with incorporated feeding or discharging means or with oscillating stirrers the stirrers having motion about a vertical or steeply inclined axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/0806Details; Accessories
    • B28C5/0818Charging or discharging gates or chutes; Sealing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/0806Details; Accessories
    • B28C5/0831Drives or drive systems, e.g. toothed racks, winches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/48Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions wherein the mixing is effected by vibrations
    • B28C5/485Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions wherein the mixing is effected by vibrations with reciprocating or oscillating stirrers; Stirrers therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C7/00Controlling the operation of apparatus for producing mixtures of clay or cement with other substances; Supplying or proportioning the ingredients for mixing clay or cement with other substances; Discharging the mixture
    • B28C7/16Discharge means, e.g. with intermediate storage of fresh concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a concrete mixing plant, which belongs to the technical field of concrete production equipment and comprises a storage bin, wherein a feeding pipe and a water inlet pipe are respectively arranged on two sides of the storage bin, the bottom wall of the storage bin is provided with an opening, a discharge switch is arranged on the storage bin, a mixing mechanism is arranged in the storage bin, the mixing mechanism comprises a barrel body, the barrel body is arranged in a hollow manner, a plurality of rotating shafts are arranged on the barrel body along the circumferential position of the barrel body, connecting rods are arranged on two sides of each rotating shaft, a mixing shaft is arranged at the end part of each connecting rod, blades are arranged at the end part of each mixing shaft, a first driving part is arranged in the hollow barrel body, a first motor for driving the barrel body to rotate is fixedly arranged on the outer top wall of the storage bin, each rotating shaft can drive the mixing shafts to rotate when the barrel body drives the mixing shafts to move circumferentially along the circumferential position, the stirring effect on the concrete is improved.

Description

Concrete mixing plant and mixing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of concrete production equipment, in particular to a concrete mixing plant and a mixing method thereof.
Background
The concrete mixing plant is a combined device for intensively mixing concrete, and is also called a concrete precast yard. Because of its high degree of mechanization and automation, it has high productivity, can ensure the quality of concrete and save cement, and is commonly used in large and medium-sized water conservancy projects, electric power projects, bridges and other projects with large concrete engineering quantity, long construction period and centralized construction sites. With the development of municipal construction, the mixing plant which adopts centralized mixing and provides commercial concrete has great superiority, thereby being developed rapidly and creating conditions for promoting concrete pumping construction and realizing combined operation of mixing, conveying and pouring machines.
The application publication number CN104942997A discloses a small concrete mixing plant and a concrete mixing method, wherein the small concrete mixing plant comprises a storage bin, a dividing strip, a flat belt, a mixing drum, a revolving body, a mixing arm and blades, wherein the mixing drum is provided with a water outlet device, the water outlet device comprises a water outlet hole, a coarse water pipe and a fine water pipe which are communicated with the water outlet hole, the coarse water pipe and the fine water pipe are respectively arranged at two sides of the mixing drum and are connected with a centrifugal water pump together, and the diameter of the fine water pipe is one half of that of the coarse water pipe; the concrete mixing method for the small concrete mixing plant comprises the steps of connecting the thin water pipe, adjusting the gap between the separation belt and the flat belt, and designing the water injection time to be one half of the original water injection time.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: when needs are stirred, drive the solid of revolution through motor and speed reducer and rotate to make the solid of revolution drive a plurality of rabbling arms and rotate, make the rabbling arm drive the blade and stir the concrete of storing in the storehouse, adopt the solid of revolution to rotate the mode that drives the blade stirring on the rabbling arm, when the solid of revolution rotates, the relative position of rabbling arm and solid of revolution keeps static, and its stirring mode is comparatively single, has reduced the stirring effect to the concrete.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the first purpose of the invention is to provide a concrete mixing plant which can improve the mixing effect on concrete.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
a concrete mixing plant comprises a storage bin, wherein a feeding pipe and a water inlet pipe are respectively arranged on the side wall of the storage bin and positioned on two sides of the storage bin, the bottom wall of the storage bin is in an open arrangement, a discharging switch for sealing the opening of the storage bin is arranged on the storage bin, a mixing mechanism is arranged in the storage bin, the mixing mechanism comprises a barrel body which is positioned in the storage bin and positioned at the top of the storage bin, the barrel body is in a hollow arrangement, a plurality of rotating shafts are uniformly arranged on the surface of the barrel body, which is deviated from the top wall of the storage bin, along the circumferential position of the barrel body, each rotating shaft is penetrated and rotatably connected onto the barrel body, connecting rods are arranged at the ends, far away from the barrel body, of the rotating shafts and positioned on two sides of the rotating shafts, the length direction of the connecting rods is arranged along, the tip that the barrel was kept away from to the (mixing) shaft is provided with the blade, is provided with in the hollow barrel to be used for driving a plurality of axis of rotation first driving pieces of pivoted simultaneously, the fixed first motor that is provided with on the outer roof of storing the storehouse, the drive end of first motor runs through on roof and the fixed connection to barrel of storing the storehouse.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first motor can drive whole barrel and be located the storehouse internal rotation of storing, and first driving piece can drive every axis of rotation and rotate for the barrel is when driving a plurality of (mixing) shafts and along the circumferential position hoop removal of storing the storehouse, and every axis of rotation can drive the (mixing) shaft rotation, thereby makes a plurality of (mixing) shafts can the rotation carry out further stirring to the concrete when the hoop removes the stirring, has improved the stirring effect to the concrete.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: first driving piece establishes and fixed connection is located the drive gear on the tip of barrel including the cover, and is a plurality of around being equipped with the chain on the drive gear, it is hollow the barrel internal fixation is provided with the second motor, one of them the axis of rotation is located the cover and establishes and the first bevel gear of fixedly connected with on the tip of barrel, the cover is established and fixedly connected with is used for the second bevel gear with first bevel gear meshing on the drive end of second motor.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the second motor drives first bevel gear and second bevel gear meshing for first bevel gear can drive one of them axis of rotation and rotate, make the chain drive a plurality of axis of rotation and rotate simultaneously, adopt its simple structure of setting up of drive gear and chain, improved the drive effect to every axis of rotation, the setting that adopts first bevel gear and second bevel gear has played annular effect, make the second motor can be located the lateral part drive axis of rotation and rotate.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the stirring shaft is hinged to the end portion, far away from the rotating shaft, of the connecting rod, the rotating shaft is integrally arranged in a hollow mode, two side walls of the hollow rotating shaft are provided with butt rods in a penetrating mode and connected with the butt rods in a sliding mode, the end portions, far away from each other, of the butt rods are hinged to the stirring shafts on the two sides respectively, and second driving pieces used for driving the butt rods on the two sides to move in a reciprocating mode on the rotating shaft simultaneously are arranged in the hollow rotating shaft.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the second driving piece can drive both sides butt pole and be located axis of rotation reciprocating motion, make the butt pole drive the pin joint rotation that the (mixing) shaft is located the connecting rod, make the (mixing) shaft drive the pin joint that the blade is located the connecting rod and be circular motion, thereby make a plurality of (mixing) shafts along the circumferential position hoop movement of storage silo and axis of rotation drive both sides (mixing) shaft pivoted the time, the (mixing) shaft can drive the blade and be circular motion further to the concrete mixing, further improved the stirring effect to the concrete.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: both sides the tip that the butt pole is close to each other all is provided with the connecting plate, the plane setting at perpendicular to connecting plate place is followed to the length direction of butt pole, be provided with the spring between the inner wall of connecting plate and axis of rotation, on the both ends of spring are connected to the inner wall of connecting plate and axis of rotation respectively, rotate on the inner wall of hollow axis of rotation and be connected with the dwang, the second driving piece is established and fixed connection is kept away from the disc on the tip of axis of rotation inner wall including the cover, the both sides of disc are provided with the arch relatively, are provided with in the hollow axis of rotation to be used for driving the dwang and drive the disc and rotate, make the.
Through adopting the above technical scheme, the third driving piece can drive the disc and rotate, make the disc drive protruding relapse and connecting plate butt when rotating, make the connecting plate can drive the butt pole and move towards the axis of rotation outward, the connecting plate drives the spring and is extruded to compression state this moment, when protruding and connecting plate break away from the butt relation, the elasticity recovery normal position of spring is resisted to the connecting plate, make the connecting plate drive the butt pole and move towards the axis of rotation in, repeat above-mentioned step, make the butt pole be located axis of rotation reciprocating motion, thereby it is circular motion to drive the pin joint that the (mixing) shaft is located on the connecting rod, adopt setting up its simple structure of disc, can accomplish the synchronous drive of both sides butt pole, the drive effect to the (mixing).
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the third driving piece is including the cover establish and fixed connection third bevel gear on the dwang, it is hollow the axis of rotation internal fixation is provided with the third motor, the cover is established and fixedly connected with fourth bevel gear on the drive end of third motor, third bevel gear and fourth bevel gear are intermeshing and set up.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, third bevel gear and bevel gear can make the third motor be located hollow axis of rotation drive dwang and rotate, have played annular effect to the rotation of dwang, prevent that the third motor is located the axis of rotation and receives the influence of concrete outward.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the stirring shaft is provided with a sliding groove at the position of the end part of the butt-joint rod, one end of the sliding groove extends to the position of the connecting rod, the other end of the sliding groove is arranged at the position of the end part of the stirring shaft close to the barrel, the sliding groove is internally provided with a sliding block in a sliding manner, and the two sides of the sliding groove are respectively hinged to the sliding blocks at the two sides of the end part of the butt-joint rod away from each other.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the pin joint rotation that is located the connecting rod tip because of the (mixing) shaft is circular motion, and butt pole wears to establish and sliding connection in the axis of rotation, make the pin joint of butt pole and articulated shaft highly can not change, then can lead to the articulated shaft to be circular motion's range less, the setting up of spout and slider can make the articulated shaft butt pole can drive the slider and be located the spout when rotating and remove, and drive the pin joint rotation that the tip of butt pole is located on the slider with this while, the rotation range when circular motion of being of (mixing) shaft has been improved, thereby further improved the stirring effect that the (mixing) shaft drove the blade to the concrete.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the ejection of compact switch is including setting up on the inner wall of storing the storehouse and being located the board of opening and close of storing the storehouse both sides, both sides the board of opening and close all is located the open-ended position setting that is close to storing the storehouse, both sides the edge that the board was kept away from each other to opening and close all is provided with wears to establish and rotates the articulated shaft of connecting on storing the storehouse, be provided with on the outer wall of storing the storehouse and be used for driving the articulated shaft to drive and open and close board pivoted fourth driver.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, fourth drive piece can drive the articulated shaft and rotate for the articulated shaft drives and opens and close the board and rotate, thereby conveniently takes out the concrete that stirs in storing the storehouse, and the (mixing) shaft can drive the blade and stir the concrete in storing the storehouse completely when the mutual butt of both sides opening and closing board will store the storehouse and close, has improved the ejection of compact effect of concrete when opening and closing the board and open.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the one end of articulated shaft is worn to establish and is extended to the storehouse and set up outward, fourth drive piece establishes and fixed connection is located the turbine on the tip of storehouse outside including the cover, the position that just is located the tip place of both sides axis of rotation on the outer wall of storehouse is all fixed and is provided with the fourth motor, the drive end of fourth motor is gone up the cover and is established and fixedly connected with be used for with the worm of turbine meshing.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the fourth motor can drive worm and turbine meshing to make the turbine drive the articulated shaft and rotate, the articulated shaft can drive opens and close the board and rotate, makes the board that opens and close open or close, and the mode that adopts worm drive turbine has self-locking function, can make the board that opens and close rotate to arbitrary angle automatic fixation, thereby the speed of control concrete ejection of compact.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the inner wall of the storage bin is annularly provided with a frame body along the circumferential position of the storage bin, the frame body is located at the position close to the opening of the storage bin, and the frame body is used for abutting the opening and closing plates on the two sides when the opening of the storage bin is closed.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can with the framework butt when opening and close the board and will store the storehouse and seal the back to improved and opened and close the board and will store the confined sealed effect of opening in storehouse, improved and opened and close the board and store the leakproofness between the storehouse, prevent that the (mixing) shaft from following the clearance outflow between opening and close the board and storing the storehouse when the stirring of moving blade.
In view of the defects of the prior art, the second purpose of the invention is to provide a concrete mixing method for improving the mixing effect of concrete.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
a concrete mixing method including the concrete mixing plant, comprising:
s1: feeding concrete into the storage bin along the feeding pipe, and conveying water into the storage bin through the water inlet pipe;
s2: the first motor can drive the whole cylinder body to rotate in the storage bin by respectively driving the first motor, the second motor and the third motor, so that the plurality of stirring shafts drive the blades to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin;
s3: the second motor can drive the first bevel gear to be meshed with the second bevel gear, so that the second bevel gear drives the first bevel gear to rotate, the first bevel gear can drive the rotating shafts to rotate on the cylinder body, the chain drives the plurality of driving gears to rotate, the driving gears can drive each rotating shaft to rotate, and the plurality of stirring shafts can drive the blades to rotate to stir concrete in the storage bin while driving the blades to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin;
s4: the third motor can drive third bevel gear and fourth bevel gear meshing, make fourth bevel gear drive third bevel gear and rotate, third bevel gear can drive the dwang and rotate, make the dwang drive the disc and rotate, the disc can drive both sides arch relapse with the connecting plate butt, the connecting plate can drive the spring and be extruded to compression state and reconversion, make the connecting plate drive butt pole and be located reciprocating motion on the lateral wall of axis of rotation, the tip because of the butt pole articulates to the slider, make the butt pole drive the slider and be located reciprocating motion in the spout, thereby make the butt pole drive the pin joint reciprocating motion that the (mixing) shaft is located on the connecting rod, make the axis of rotation in the rotation, the (mixing) shaft drives the blade and is reciprocal circular motion, to the concrete stirring in the storage storehouse.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, a plurality of (mixing) shafts are when the circumferential position hoop removal and the axis of rotation drive both sides (mixing) shaft pivoted along the storage silo, and the (mixing) shaft can drive the blade and be circular motion, has improved the (mixing) shaft and has driven the stirring effect of blade to storing the interior concrete of storehouse.
In summary, the invention includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the first motor can drive the whole barrel to rotate in the storage bin, so that the stirring shafts drive the blades to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin, the second motor can drive one of the rotating shafts to drive the chain to drive the rotating shafts to rotate simultaneously, and each rotating shaft can rotate to drive the stirring shafts on two sides to rotate while the stirring shafts drive the blades to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin;
2. the fourth motor can drive worm and turbine meshing for the worm drives the turbine and rotates, and the turbine can drive the articulated shaft and rotate, makes the articulated shaft drive and opens and close the board and rotate, thereby makes the opening that opens and close the board and will store the storehouse sealed, makes the (mixing) shaft can drive the blade and to the concrete mixing, and when the ejection of compact of needs, can drive and open and close the board and rotate to arbitrary angle fixed, thereby the discharge capacity of control concrete.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall structure;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the display frame and the stirring device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view for showing a drive gear, a chain, a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear;
fig. 4 is a schematic sectional view for showing the disc, the boss, the third bevel gear and the fourth bevel gear.
In the figure, 1, a storage bin; 11. a feed pipe; 12. a water inlet pipe; 13. a barrel; 131. a rotating shaft; 132. a connecting rod; 133. a stirring shaft; 134. a blade; 135. a drive gear; 136. a second motor; 137. a first bevel gear; 138. a second bevel gear; 139. a chain; 14. a first motor; 15. a butting rod; 151. a connecting plate; 152. a spring; 153. rotating the rod; 154. a disc; 155. a protrusion; 156. a third bevel gear; 157. a fourth bevel gear; 158. a chute; 159. a slider; 16. a shutter plate; 161. hinging a shaft; 162. a turbine; 163. a fourth motor; 164. a worm; 165. a frame body; 17. a third motor.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, the concrete mixing plant disclosed by the invention comprises a storage bin 1, wherein a feed pipe 11 and a water inlet pipe 12 are respectively arranged on the side wall of the storage bin 1 and positioned at two sides of the storage bin 1, the feed pipe 11 and the water inlet pipe 12 are positioned at the top of the side wall of the storage bin 1, and the bottom wall of the storage bin 1 is open.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, in order to close or open the opening of the storage 1, a discharging switch for closing the opening of the storage 1 is provided on the storage 1.
With reference to fig. 1 and 2, the discharging switch includes the opening and closing plate 16 disposed on the inner wall of the storage bin 1 and located on both sides of the storage bin 1, the opening and closing plates 16 on both sides are disposed at positions close to the opening of the storage bin 1, and the edges of the opening and closing plates 16 on both sides, which are far away from each other, are disposed with hinge shafts 161 penetrating and rotatably connected to the storage bin 1.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, in order to drive the hinge shaft 161 to drive the opening and closing bar to rotate, so that the opening and closing plates 16 on the two sides rotate to a plane to close the opening of the storage bin, a fourth driving member for driving the hinge shaft 161 to drive the opening and closing plates 16 to rotate is arranged on the outer wall of the storage bin 1.
With reference to fig. 1 and 2, one end of the hinge shaft 161 is inserted into and extends to the outside of the storage bin 1, the fourth driving element includes a turbine 162 sleeved on and fixedly connected to the end of the hinge shaft 161 located outside the storage bin 1, a fourth motor 163 is fixedly disposed on the outer wall of the storage bin 1 and located at the position of the end of the rotation shaft 131 on the two sides, and a worm 164 engaged with the turbine 162 is sleeved on and fixedly connected to the driving end of the fourth motor 163.
The fourth motor 163 can drive the worm 164 to mesh with the worm wheel 162, so that the worm wheel 162 drives the hinge shaft 161 to rotate, the hinge shaft 161 can drive the opening and closing plate 16 to rotate, so that the opening and closing plate 16 completes the opening and closing of the storage bin 1, and the worm 164 and the worm wheel 162 can drive the opening and closing plate 16 to rotate to any angle to automatically fix, so as to control the discharge amount.
With reference to fig. 1 and 2, in order to improve the sealing effect of the two side opening/closing plates 16 on the opening of the storage bin 1, a frame 165 is circumferentially disposed on the inner wall of the storage bin 1 along the circumferential position of the storage bin 1, the frame 165 is located at a position close to the opening of the storage bin 1, and the frame 165 is used for abutting the two side opening/closing plates 16 when the opening of the storage bin 1 is closed, so that the sealing performance between the opening/closing plates 16 and the inner wall of the storage bin 1 is improved.
Combine fig. 2 and fig. 3, for the concrete mixing in the storage storehouse 1, be provided with the rabbling mechanism in the storage storehouse 1, the rabbling mechanism is including being located the barrel 13 that stores the storehouse 1 top and being located, barrel 13 is hollow setting, barrel 13 deviates from and evenly is provided with a plurality of axis of rotation 131 along the circumferential direction position of barrel 13 on the face of storing the storehouse 1 roof, every axis of rotation 131 all wears to establish and rotates and connects on barrel 13, the both sides that the tip that barrel 13 was kept away from to axis of rotation 131 just is located axis of rotation 131 are provided with connecting rod 132, the length direction of connecting rod 132 sets up along the length direction of perpendicular to axis of rotation 131, the tip that axis of rotation 131 was kept away from to connecting rod 132 is provided with (mixing) shaft 133, the tip that barrel.
With reference to fig. 1 and fig. 2, in order to drive the entire cylinder 13 to rotate in the storage bin 1, so that the cylinder 13 drives the blades 134 on the plurality of stirring shafts 133 to move circumferentially along the circumferential position of the storage bin 1, so that the stirring shafts 133 drive the blades 134 to stir the concrete in the storage bin 1, the first motor 14 is fixedly disposed on the outer top wall of the storage bin 1, and the driving end of the first motor 14 penetrates through the top wall of the storage bin 1 and is fixedly connected to the cylinder 13.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in order to drive the plurality of rotation shafts 131 to rotate simultaneously, a first driving member for driving the plurality of rotation shafts 131 to rotate simultaneously is provided in the hollow cylinder 13
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the first driving member includes a plurality of driving gears 135 sleeved and fixedly connected to the end of each rotating shaft 131 inside the cylinder 13, a chain 139 is wound around the driving gears 135, a second motor 136 is fixedly disposed inside the hollow cylinder 13, a first bevel gear 137 is sleeved and fixedly connected to the end of one rotating shaft 131 inside the cylinder 13, and a second bevel gear 138 engaged with the first bevel gear 137 is sleeved and fixedly connected to the driving end of the second motor 136.
The second motor 136 can drive the first bevel gear 137 to mesh with the second bevel gear 138, so that the first bevel gear 137 can drive one of the rotating shafts 131 to rotate, the chain 139 drives a plurality of gears to rotate, the rotating shafts 131 rotate simultaneously, when the first motor 14 drives the plurality of stirring shafts 133 to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin 1, the driving gear 135 can drive each rotating shaft 131 to rotate, and thus the stirring effect of the stirring shafts 133 driving the blades 134 to stir concrete is improved.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the stirring shaft 133 is hinged to the end of the connecting rod 132 away from the rotating shaft 131, the rotating shaft 131 is integrally hollow, two side walls of the hollow rotating shaft 131 are both provided with the abutting rods 15 in a penetrating and sliding connection manner, and the end of each of the two abutting rods 15 away from each other is hinged to the stirring shaft 133 on two sides.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, in order to drive the two side abutting rods 15 to reciprocate on the rotating shaft 131, so that the abutting rods 15 drive the hinge point of the stirring shaft 133 on the connecting rod 132 to rotate in a reciprocating manner, a second driving member for driving the two side abutting rods 15 to reciprocate on the rotating shaft 131 is disposed in the hollow rotating shaft 131.
Combine fig. 3 and fig. 4, the tip that both sides butt joint pole 15 is close to each other all is provided with connecting plate 151, the length direction of butt joint pole 15 sets up along the plane at perpendicular to connecting plate 151 place, be provided with spring 152 between the inner wall of connecting plate 151 and axis of rotation 131, the both ends of spring 152 are connected to respectively on the inner wall of connecting plate 151 and axis of rotation 131, it is connected with dwang 153 to rotate on the inner wall of hollow axis of rotation 131, the second driving piece is established and fixed connection is kept away from the disc 154 on the tip of axis of rotation 131 inner wall including the cover, the both sides of disc 154 are provided with arch 155 relatively.
Rotate through driving the disc 154, make the disc 154 drive protruding 155 repeated and connecting plate 151 butt when rotating, make connecting plate 151 can drive the butt rod 15 and move outward towards axis of rotation 131, connecting plate 151 drives spring 152 and is extruded to compression state this moment, when protruding 155 breaks away from the butt relation with connecting plate 151, connecting plate 151 resists the elasticity recovery normal position of spring 152, make connecting plate 151 drive butt rod 15 and move towards axis of rotation 131, repeat the above-mentioned step, make butt rod 15 be located axis of rotation 131 reciprocating motion, thereby it is circular motion to drive the pin joint that (mixing) shaft 133 is located connecting rod 132, thereby further improved the stirring effect that (mixing) shaft 133 drove blade 134 to the concrete.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, in order to drive the rotation lever 153 to rotate the disk 154, a third driving member is provided in the hollow rotation shaft 131 to drive the rotation lever 153 to rotate the disk 154 so that the protrusions 155 on both sides repeatedly contact the connection plates 151 on both sides.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the third driving member includes a third bevel gear 156 sleeved and fixedly connected to the rotating rod 153, a third motor 17 is fixedly disposed in the hollow rotating shaft 131, a fourth bevel gear 157 sleeved and fixedly connected to a driving end of the third motor 17, and the third bevel gear 156 and the fourth bevel gear 157 are engaged with each other.
The third motor 17 can drive the fourth bevel gear 157 to mesh with the third bevel gear 156, such that the fourth bevel gear 157 drives the third bevel gear 156 to mesh, such that the third bevel gear 156 drives the rotating rod 153 to rotate, such that the rotating rod 153 drives the disk 154 to rotate.
With reference to fig. 3 and 4, in order to further improve the rotation range of the hinge point of the stirring shaft 133 on the connecting rod 132, a sliding groove 158 is formed in the position of the stirring shaft 133 and located at the end of the abutting rod 15, one end of the sliding groove 158 extends to the position of the connecting rod 132, the other end of the sliding groove 158 is located at the position of the end of the stirring shaft 133 close to the cylinder 13, a sliding block 159 is slidably connected in the sliding groove 158, and the end of the abutting rod 15 at two sides, which is far away from each other, is respectively hinged to the sliding blocks 159 at.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, in this embodiment, in order to prevent the sliding block 159 from being separated from the sliding groove 158 in a direction perpendicular to the length direction of the sliding groove 158, the cross section of the sliding groove 158 is formed in a "T" shape, and the sliding block 159 is disposed to be engaged with the sliding groove 158 in the "T" shape.
The pin joint that is located the connecting rod 132 tip because of (mixing) shaft 133 rotates to be circular motion, and butt pole 15 wears to establish and sliding connection on axis of rotation 131, make the high of butt pole 15 tip can not change, it is less to lead to the range that circular motion is done to articulated shaft 161, spout 158 and slider 159's setting can make articulated shaft 161 butt pole 15 can drive slider 159 when rotating and be located the spout 158 and remove, and the pin joint that drives the tip of butt pole 15 on slider 159 rotates with this simultaneously, the rotation range when doing circular motion of (mixing) shaft 133 has been improved, thereby further improved the stirring effect that (mixing) shaft 133 drove blade 134 to the concrete.
A concrete mixing method, comprising a concrete mixing plant, comprising:
s1: feeding concrete into the storage bin 1 along the feeding pipe 11, and delivering water into the storage bin 1 through the water inlet pipe 12;
s2: by respectively driving the first motor 14, the second motor 136 and the third motor 17, the first motor 14 can drive the whole barrel 13 to rotate in the storage bin 1, so that the plurality of stirring shafts 133 drive the blades 134 to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin 1;
s3: the second motor 136 can drive the first bevel gear 137 to mesh with the second bevel gear 138, so that the second bevel gear 138 drives the first bevel gear 137 to rotate, the first bevel gear 137 can drive the rotating shaft 131 to rotate on the cylinder 13, so that the chain 139 drives the plurality of driving gears 135 to rotate, the driving gears 135 can drive each rotating shaft 131 to rotate, so that each stirring shaft 133 can drive the blades 134 to rotate while the plurality of stirring shafts 133 drive the blades 134 to move circumferentially along the circumferential position of the storage bin 1, and the concrete in the storage bin 1 is stirred;
s4: the third motor 17 can drive the third bevel gear 156 to mesh with the fourth bevel gear 157, so that the fourth bevel gear 157 drives the third bevel gear 156 to rotate, the third bevel gear 156 can drive the rotating rod 153 to rotate, so that the rotating rod 153 drives the disc 154 to rotate, the disc 154 drives the protrusions 155 at two sides to repeatedly abut against the connecting plate 151, the connecting plate 151 drives the spring 152 to be compressed and restored to the original state, so that the connecting plate 151 drives the abutting rod 15 to reciprocate on the side wall of the rotating shaft 131, and since the end of the abutting rod 15 is hinged to the sliding block 159, the abutting rod 15 drives the sliding block 159 to reciprocate in the sliding slot 158, so that the abutting rod 15 drives the hinge point of the stirring shaft 133 on the connecting rod 132 to rotate back and forth, so that the rotating shaft 131 rotates and the stirring shaft 133 drives the blades 134 to do reciprocating arc motion to stir the concrete in the storage bin 1.
A plurality of (mixing) shafts 133 are when the circumference position hoop removal along the storage silo drives the stirring of blade 134, but each axis of rotation 131 rotation drives both sides (mixing) shaft 133 and rotates, and meanwhile, butt pole 15 can be located axis of rotation 131 and go up reciprocating motion for (mixing) shaft 133 is located the pin joint reciprocating rotation on connecting rod 132, thereby makes (mixing) shaft 133 drive blade 134 and is circular motion, has improved (mixing) shaft 133 and has driven the stirring effect of blade 134 to the interior concrete of storage silo 1.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a concrete mixing plant, is including storing storehouse (1), the both sides that just are located storing storehouse (1) on the lateral wall of storing storehouse (1) are provided with inlet pipe (11) and inlet tube (12) respectively, its characterized in that: the bottom wall of the storage bin (1) is arranged in an opening, the storage bin (1) is provided with a discharge switch with a closed opening, the discharge switch is used for closing the opening of the storage bin (1), a stirring mechanism is arranged in the storage bin (1), the stirring mechanism comprises a barrel (13) which is arranged in the storage bin (1) and positioned at the top of the storage bin (1), the barrel (13) is arranged in a hollow manner, a plurality of rotating shafts (131) are uniformly arranged on the surface, deviating from the top wall of the storage bin (1), of the barrel (13) along the circumferential direction of the barrel (13), each rotating shaft (131) is penetrated and rotatably connected to the barrel (13), the end part, far away from the barrel (13), of each rotating shaft (131) is provided with a connecting rod (132) at two sides of the rotating shafts (131), the length direction of each connecting rod (132) is arranged along the length direction perpendicular to the rotating shafts (131), and the end part, far away from the rotating shafts (131, the tip that barrel (13) was kept away from in (mixing) shaft (133) is provided with blade (134), is provided with in hollow barrel (13) to be used for driving a plurality of axis of rotation (131) first driving piece of pivoted simultaneously, the fixed first motor (14) that is provided with on the outer roof of storing storehouse (1), the drive end of first motor (14) runs through the roof of storing storehouse (1) and fixed connection to on barrel (13).
2. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first driving piece comprises driving gears (135) which are sleeved and fixedly connected to the end portion, located in the barrel body (13), of each rotating shaft (131), a plurality of the driving gears (135) are wound with chains (139), the barrel body (13) is hollow, a second motor (136) is fixedly arranged in the barrel body (13), one of the driving gears (131) is sleeved and fixedly connected with a first bevel gear (137) on the end portion, located in the barrel body (13), of each rotating shaft, and a second bevel gear (138) which is used for being meshed with the first bevel gear (137) is sleeved and fixedly connected to the driving end of the second motor (136).
3. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 1, characterized in that: the stirring shaft (133) is hinged to the end part, away from the rotating shaft (131), of the connecting rod (132), the rotating shaft (131) is integrally arranged in a hollow mode, two side walls of the hollow rotating shaft (131) are both provided with a butting rod (15) in a penetrating and sliding connection mode, the end parts, away from each other, of the butting rods (15) are hinged to the stirring shaft (133) on two sides respectively, and a second driving piece used for driving the butting rods (15) on two sides to be located on the rotating shaft (131) and to move back and forth simultaneously is arranged in the hollow rotating shaft (131).
4. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 3, characterized in that: the end parts of the two sides of the abutting rods (15) close to each other are provided with connecting plates (151), the length direction of the abutting rod (15) is arranged along a plane vertical to the connecting plate (151), a spring (152) is arranged between the connecting plate (151) and the inner wall of the rotating shaft (131), two ends of the spring (152) are respectively connected to the connecting plate (151) and the inner wall of the rotating shaft (131), the inner wall of the hollow rotating shaft (131) is rotatably connected with a rotating rod (153), the second driving piece comprises a disc (154) which is sleeved and fixedly connected with the end part of the rotating rod (153) far away from the inner wall of the rotating shaft (131), the two sides of the disc (154) are oppositely provided with protrusions (155), and a third driving piece which is used for driving the rotating rod (153) to drive the disc (154) to rotate and enables the protrusions (155) on the two sides to repeatedly abut against the connecting plates (151) on the two sides is arranged in the hollow rotating shaft (131).
5. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 4, characterized in that: the third driving piece is including the cover establish and third bevel gear (156) on dwang (153) fixed connection, and is hollow axis of rotation (131) internal fixation is provided with third motor (17), the cover is established and fixedly connected with fourth bevel gear (157) on the drive end of third motor (17), third bevel gear (156) are intermeshing setting with fourth bevel gear (157).
6. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 5, characterized in that: the stirring shaft (133) is provided with a sliding groove (158) at the position where the end part of the abutting rod (15) is located, one end of the sliding groove (158) extends to the position where the connecting rod (132) is located, the other end of the sliding groove is located at the position where the end part of the stirring shaft (133) close to the cylinder body (13) is located, a sliding block (159) is connected in the sliding groove (158) in a sliding mode, and the end parts, far away from each other, of the abutting rods (15) are hinged to the sliding blocks (159) on the two sides respectively.
7. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 1, characterized in that: the ejection of compact switch is including setting up on the inner wall of storing storehouse (1) and being located opening and shutting board (16) of storing storehouse (1) both sides, both sides opening and shutting board (16) all are located the open-ended position setting of being close to storing storehouse (1), both sides the edge of opening and shutting board (16) keeping away from each other all is provided with wears to establish and rotates articulated shaft (161) of connecting on storing storehouse (1), be provided with on the outer wall of storing storehouse (1) and be used for driving articulated shaft (161) and drive opening and shutting board (16) pivoted fourth drive piece.
8. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 7, characterized in that: the one end of articulated shaft (161) is worn to establish and is extended to the outer setting of storage storehouse (1), fourth drive spare is established and fixed connection is located turbine (162) on the tip outside storage storehouse (1) including the cover, the position that the tip place that just is located both sides axis of rotation (131) on the outer wall of storage storehouse (1) all fixedly is provided with fourth motor (163), the cover is established and fixedly connected with is used for worm (164) with turbine (162) meshing on the drive end of fourth motor (163).
9. A concrete mixing plant according to claim 8, characterized in that: the circumferential position hoop that stores storehouse (1) is provided with framework (165) along storing storehouse (1) on the inner wall of storehouse (1), framework (165) are located and are close to the position setting at the opening place of storing storehouse (1), framework (165) are used for supplying both sides to open and close board (16) butt when the opening that will store storehouse (1) seals.
10. A concrete mixing method comprising a concrete mixing plant according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1: the concrete is sent into the storage bin (1) along the feeding pipe (11), and water is conveyed into the storage bin (1) through the water inlet pipe (12);
s2: by respectively driving the first motor (14), the second motor (136) and the third motor (17), the first motor (14) can drive the whole barrel (13) to rotate in the storage bin (1), so that the blades (134) are driven by the stirring shafts (133) to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin (1);
s3: the second motor (136) can drive the first bevel gear (137) to be meshed with the second bevel gear (138), so that the second bevel gear (138) drives the first bevel gear (137) to rotate, the first bevel gear (137) can drive the rotating shafts (131) to be positioned on the cylinder body (13) to rotate, the chains (139) can drive the plurality of driving gears (135) to rotate, the driving gears (135) can drive each rotating shaft (131) to rotate, and each stirring shaft (133) can drive the blades (134) to rotate while the plurality of stirring shafts (133) drive the blades (134) to move annularly along the circumferential position of the storage bin (1), so that concrete in the storage bin (1) is stirred;
s4: the third motor (17) can drive the third bevel gear (156) to mesh with the fourth bevel gear (157), so that the fourth bevel gear (157) drives the third bevel gear (156) to rotate, the third bevel gear (156) can drive the rotating rod (153) to rotate, the rotating rod (153) drives the disc (154) to rotate, the disc (154) can drive the protrusions (155) at the two sides to repeatedly abut against the connecting plate (151), the connecting plate (151) can drive the spring (152) to be extruded to a compressed state and recover to the original state, so that the connecting plate (151) drives the abutting rod (15) to reciprocate on the side wall of the rotating shaft (131), and the end of the abutting rod (15) is hinged to the sliding block (159), so that the abutting rod (15) drives the sliding block (159) to reciprocate in the sliding groove (158), and the abutting rod (15) drives the hinge point of the stirring shaft (133) to reciprocate on the connecting rod (132), so that the stirring shaft (133) drives the blades (134) to do reciprocating arc motion while the rotating shaft (131) rotates, and the concrete in the storage bin (1) is stirred.
CN202010319163.1A 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Concrete mixing plant and mixing method thereof Active CN111421665B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112643884A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-13 咸宁智锐机电科技有限公司 Novel concrete mixing device with movable mixing shaft

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CN104942997A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 武汉一冶建筑安装工程有限责任公司 Small concrete mixing plant and concrete mixing method
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CN107756637A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-03-06 邱善晓 A kind of vertical mixer for building
CN108297281A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-07-20 陈伟平 A kind of practicability building blender
CN208133294U (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-23 北京安捷鑫德混凝土有限公司 A kind of concrete mixer
CN110900831A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-24 长安大学 Vertical shaft planetary vibration type concrete mixer
CN210217163U (en) * 2019-04-24 2020-03-31 四川衡鼎建材有限公司 Concrete conveying device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010004517A (en) * 1999-06-29 2001-01-15 진찬호 Concrete mixer
CN104942997A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 武汉一冶建筑安装工程有限责任公司 Small concrete mixing plant and concrete mixing method
CN106079086A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-09 太仓市锦澄混凝土有限公司 A kind of mixed earth stirrer being easy to feeding and blanking
CN107756637A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-03-06 邱善晓 A kind of vertical mixer for building
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112643884A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-13 咸宁智锐机电科技有限公司 Novel concrete mixing device with movable mixing shaft

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