CN111412568A - Movable heat storage air conditioner and movable heat storage air conditioning system - Google Patents

Movable heat storage air conditioner and movable heat storage air conditioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111412568A
CN111412568A CN202010342405.9A CN202010342405A CN111412568A CN 111412568 A CN111412568 A CN 111412568A CN 202010342405 A CN202010342405 A CN 202010342405A CN 111412568 A CN111412568 A CN 111412568A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
way valve
water
air conditioner
heat storage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010342405.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林勇潜
卫鹏云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Midea Group Co Ltd
Hefei Midea Heating and Ventilating Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Midea Group Co Ltd
Hefei Midea Heating and Ventilating Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Midea Group Co Ltd, Hefei Midea Heating and Ventilating Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Midea Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010342405.9A priority Critical patent/CN111412568A/en
Publication of CN111412568A publication Critical patent/CN111412568A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/001Compression cycle type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D15/00Other domestic- or space-heating systems
    • F24D15/04Other domestic- or space-heating systems using heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D17/00Domestic hot-water supply systems
    • F24D17/02Domestic hot-water supply systems using heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B13/00Compression machines, plants or systems, with reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves
    • F25B41/26Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves of fluid flow reversing valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/12Details or features not otherwise provided for transportable
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/54Heating and cooling, simultaneously or alternatively
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2313/00Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for
    • F25B2313/027Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means
    • F25B2313/02741Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means using one four-way valve

Abstract

The present invention provides a mobile thermal storage air conditioner and a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system, the mobile thermal storage air conditioner comprising: a first heat exchanger; the compressor is provided with an air outlet and an air return port; the heat storage module is distributed with refrigerant pipelines and communicated with the first heat exchanger through the refrigerant pipelines; and the first end of the four-way valve is connected with the gas outlet, the second end of the four-way valve is connected with the gas return port, the third end of the four-way valve is connected with the first heat exchanger, and the fourth end of the four-way valve is connected with the heat storage module. The heat storage module can recover heat of a refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module, stores the heat, reduces heat loss of the movable heat storage air conditioner in a refrigerating state, and the heat stored by the heat storage module can be used for heating water, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner has the functions of refrigerating and heating water, and the application range of the movable heat storage air conditioner is expanded.

Description

Movable heat storage air conditioner and movable heat storage air conditioning system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of movable air conditioners, in particular to a movable heat storage air conditioner and a movable heat storage air conditioning system.
Background
The existing mobile air conditioner needs an external air pipe to radiate heat to the outdoor, is not convenient to use, and can cause heat loss because the indoor and outdoor cannot be completely isolated due to the need of the external air pipe; in addition, the heat generated in the refrigeration process of the existing mobile air conditioner cannot be recovered, the problem of large heat loss and the like is solved, and the existing mobile air conditioner has single function and low cost performance.
Therefore, it is an urgent need to provide a mobile heat-storage air conditioner that can solve the problems of the mobile air conditioner that the use is not changed, the heat loss is large, and the function is single.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving at least one of the problems of the prior art or the related art.
To this end, a first aspect of the present invention is to provide a mobile thermal storage air conditioner.
In a second aspect of the invention, a mobile regenerative air conditioning system is provided.
In view of the above, according to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a movable heat-storage air conditioner, comprising: a first heat exchanger; the compressor is provided with an air outlet and an air return port; the heat storage module is distributed with a refrigerant pipeline and is connected with the first heat exchanger through the refrigerant pipeline; and the first end of the four-way valve is connected with the gas outlet, the second end of the four-way valve is connected with the gas return port, the third end of the four-way valve is connected with the first heat exchanger, and the fourth end of the four-way valve is connected with the heat storage module.
The movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention comprises a first heat exchanger, a compressor, a heat storage module and a four-way valve, wherein, the first end of the four-way valve is connected with the air outlet of the compressor, the second end of the four-way valve is connected with the air return port of the compressor, the third end of the four-way valve is connected with the first heat exchanger, the fourth end of the four-way valve is connected with the heat storage module, refrigerant pipelines are distributed in the heat storage module, the heat storage module is connected with the first heat exchanger through a refrigerant pipeline, the heat storage module can recover the heat of the refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module, store the heat and reduce the heat loss of the movable heat storage air conditioner in the refrigeration state, in addition, the heat stored by the heat storage module can be used for heating water, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner has the functions of heating water while having the functions of cooling and heating, and the application range of the movable heat storage air conditioner is expanded.
By arranging the heat storage module, the movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention can simultaneously realize the functions of refrigeration and heating of the movable air conditioner and heating water of the air energy heat pump in the related technology, and particularly can select a silent mode of using the movable heat storage air conditioner, or a high-efficiency refrigeration mode of using the movable heat storage air conditioner or a heating mode of using the movable heat storage air conditioner in the invention when realizing the functions of the movable air conditioner in the related technology; when the air energy heat pump function is realized, the movable heat storage air conditioners can be moved to an area needing hot water to be used, and a quick connector is connected to provide hot water, the water inlet pipes and the water outlet pipes of a plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners can be communicated for use when the requirement on the hot water is large, for example, the water outlet pipes and the water inlet pipes of two adjacent movable heat storage air conditioners can be connected in sequence, so that the hot water supply efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention can be used as a mobile air conditioner firstly, the heat storage module can recover heat and directly provide hot water after heat storage, the movable heat storage air conditioner can be flexibly used for household, commercial and factory areas, and the trough electricity with lower price can be used for the factory area to store heat in advance, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention can select a corresponding use mode according to an actual application scene, the problems of inconvenient use, high noise, large heat loss and the like of the movable air conditioner in the related technology are solved, and the use range of the movable heat storage air conditioner is expanded.
It can be understood that the movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention solves the problems that the movable air conditioner in the related art needs an external air pipe to radiate heat to the outdoor space, the use is not convenient enough, the indoor space and the outdoor space cannot be completely isolated due to the air pipe problem, the heat loss is caused, the heat generated in the refrigeration process cannot be recovered, and the heat loss is large by arranging the heat storage module. In addition, the movable heat storage air conditioner provided by the invention can also be used as an air energy heat pump, and can move when being used as the air energy heat pump in the related technology, so that the problems that the air energy heat pump in the related technology is inconvenient to move and cannot be used in a modular combination manner when the heat is insufficient are solved.
In addition, the movable heat storage air conditioner in the above technical solution provided by the present invention may further have the following additional technical features:
in the above technical solution, further, the movable heat storage air conditioner further includes: one end of the throttling component is connected with the heat storage module, and the other end of the throttling component is connected with an inlet of the first heat exchanger; and the first fan assembly is arranged on one side of the first heat exchanger.
In the technical scheme, the movable heat storage air conditioner further comprises a throttling component and a first fan assembly, one end of the throttling component is connected with the heat storage module, the other end of the throttling component is connected with an inlet of the first heat exchanger, so that a refrigerant flowing out of the heat storage module enters the inlet of the first heat exchanger through the throttling component, the throttling component can control the flow of the refrigerant flowing into the heat exchanger, the temperature fluctuation stability of the movable heat storage air conditioner is ensured, a return air port of the compressor has enough superheat degree, and the throttling component and the compressor act together to enable the system to generate a high-low pressure area and ensure that the refrigeration cycle can be carried out; the first fan component can accelerate the emission of heat or cold of the first heat exchanger in the opening state, and the refrigeration or heating efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner is improved.
In any one of the above technical solutions, further, the heat storage module further includes a heat storage water inlet and a heat storage water outlet, and the movable heat storage air conditioner further includes: the first water pipes are distributed in the heat storage module, and two ends of each first water pipe respectively extend out of the heat storage water inlet and the heat storage water outlet; the second heat exchanger is distributed with second water pipes which are communicated with one end of the first water pipe extending out of the heat storage water outlet; and the second fan assembly is arranged on one side of the second heat exchanger.
In the technical scheme, the movable heat storage air conditioner further comprises a first water pipe, a second heat exchanger and a second fan assembly, wherein the first water pipe is distributed in the heat storage module, two ends of the first water pipe respectively extend out of a heat storage water inlet and a heat storage water outlet of the heat storage module, the second water pipe is distributed in the second heat exchanger, and the second water pipe is communicated with one end of the first water pipe extending out of the heat storage water outlet, so that heat in the heat storage module can flow into the second water pipe and then is dissipated out of the second heat exchanger, the temperature of a refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module can be further reduced, namely, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the first heat exchanger is reduced, and the refrigeration efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner is improved; the second fan component can accelerate the emission of heat or cold of the second heat exchanger in the opening state, and the refrigeration or heating efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner is improved. In particular, the second heat exchanger may be a secondary finned heat exchanger.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, the movable heat storage air conditioner further includes: and the water pump is arranged between the first water pipe and the second water pipe and is communicated with the first water pipe and the second water pipe of the heat storage module.
In this technical scheme, mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner is still including setting up the water pump between first water pipe and second water pipe, water pump intercommunication heat accumulation module's first water pipe and second water pipe, and, the water pump can play the effect that makes the water cycle in first water pipe and the second water pipe flow, thereby cooperate with second heat exchanger and second fan subassembly, make the heat in the heat accumulation module can be through second heat exchanger and the quick effluvium of second fan subassembly, and then can further reduce the temperature of the refrigerant of flowing through heat accumulation module, also be the temperature of the refrigerant that reduces to flow into first heat exchanger, play the effect that improves mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner's refrigeration efficiency.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, the movable heat storage air conditioner further includes: the water inlet pipe is communicated with the first water pipe; the water outlet pipe is communicated with the second water pipe; the first end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the second water pipe, and the second end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the outlet pipe, and the third end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the water pump.
In this technical scheme, mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner still includes the inlet tube, outlet pipe and water route three-way valve, the inlet tube is linked together with first water pipe, the outlet pipe is linked together with the second water pipe, specifically, the inlet tube can communicate the water source, make water flow through the inlet tube in proper order, distribute the first water pipe in the heat accumulation module, distribute second water pipe and outlet pipe in the second heat exchanger, under the thermal condition is stored to the storage in the heat accumulation module, water rises at the in-process temperature that flows through the heat accumulation module, also promptly, can directly use the heat production hot water use of heat accumulation module, make hot water flow out by the outlet pipe, the user of being convenient for uses. Further, the first end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the second water pipe, and the second end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the outlet pipe, and the third end of water route three-way valve links to each other with the water pump, promptly, the water route three-way valve can communicate second water pipe and outlet pipe, or communicate second water pipe and water pump, specifically, under the condition at inlet tube intercommunication water source, the water route three-way valve can communicate second water pipe and outlet pipe, and the water pump is closed for hot water is direct to be flowed by the outlet pipe, and the user of being. Or, under the condition that the water inlet pipe does not communicate the water source, the waterway three-way valve can communicate the second water pipe and the water pump, the water pump is opened, and the water in the first water pipe and the second water pipe flows under the effect of the water pump to form circulation, so that the effect of dissipating heat in the heat storage module can be achieved, and the refrigeration efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner is improved.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, when the air conditioner is in a cooling state based on the movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end of the four-way valve, and the second end of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end of the four-way valve; the water inlet pipe is communicated with a water source; the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end of the waterway three-way valve.
In the technical scheme, the air conditioner is in a refrigerating state based on movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end of the four-way valve, namely, after a refrigerant flows out from the air outlet of the compressor, the refrigerant flows into the heat storage module through the first end of the four-way valve and the fourth end of the four-way valve, the heat storage module can absorb part of heat in the refrigerant, the refrigerant flows out of the heat storage module and then flows through the throttling component, and then flows into the first heat exchanger, the first heat exchanger and the first fan assembly work in a matched mode to play a refrigerating role, the refrigerant flows out of the first heat exchanger and then flows through the second end of the four-way valve and the third end of the four-way. Further, the heat in the heat accumulation module can heat the water in the first water pipe, form hot water, make mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner in refrigerated, still can play the effect of heating water, thereby reduce the heat loss of portable heat accumulation air conditioner under the cold condition, specifically, inlet tube intercommunication water source, the first end of water route three-way valve is linked together with the second end of water route three-way valve, that is, the water route three-way valve can communicate second water pipe and outlet pipe, the water pump is closed, make hot water directly flow by the outlet pipe, convenient to use of user.
It will be appreciated that in this embodiment the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner, the second fan assembly and the water pump are not operated, so that the operating noise of the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner can be reduced, so that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner is in a relatively silent mode.
It can be understood that, in the movable heat-storage air conditioner in the embodiment, the water inlet pipe can be arranged to be directly communicated with the water source during the refrigeration operation, and the waterway three-way valve is arranged to be communicated with the second water pipe and the water outlet pipe, so that the movable heat-storage air conditioner can directly generate hot water during the refrigeration process and the hot water flows out from the water outlet pipe for users to use; or, also can be after the refrigeration operation, remove mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner and connect inlet tube and outlet pipe to the region that needs to use hot water for the inlet tube communicates the water source, and make water route three-way valve intercommunication second water pipe and outlet pipe, directly use the heat production hot water of storage in the heat accumulation module, flow out by the outlet pipe and supply the user to use.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, when the air conditioner is in a cooling state based on the movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end of the four-way valve, and the second end of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end of the four-way valve; the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end of the waterway three-way valve.
In the technical scheme, the air conditioner is in a refrigerating state based on movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end of the four-way valve, namely, after a refrigerant flows out from the air outlet of the compressor, the refrigerant flows into the heat storage module through the first end of the four-way valve and the fourth end of the four-way valve, the heat storage module can absorb part of heat in the refrigerant, the refrigerant flows out of the heat storage module and then flows through the throttling component, and then flows into the first heat exchanger, the first heat exchanger and the first fan assembly work in a matched mode to play a refrigerating role, the refrigerant flows out of the first heat exchanger and then flows through the second end of the four-way valve and the third end of the four-way. Furthermore, the heat in the heat storage module can heat the water in the first water pipe to form hot water, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner can also play a role of heating water while refrigerating, thereby reducing the heat loss of the movable heat storage air conditioner in a refrigerating state, specifically, the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end of the waterway three-way valve, namely, the waterway three-way valve can be communicated with the second water pipe and the water pump, the water pump is started, the water in the first water pipe and the second water pipe flows under the action of the water pump to form circulation, the second fan assembly is in an operating state, and the heat in the heat storage module can be rapidly dissipated out through the second heat exchanger and the second fan assembly through the matching of the second heat exchanger and the second fan assembly, so that the temperature of a refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module can be further reduced, namely, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the first heat exchanger is reduced, and the effect of improving the refrigeration efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner is achieved, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a high-efficiency refrigeration mode.
It can be understood that, in the embodiment of the movable heat storage air conditioner, after the cooling operation is finished, the movable heat storage air conditioner can be moved to the area where hot water needs to be used, and then the water inlet pipe and the water outlet pipe are connected, so that the water inlet pipe is communicated with the water source, and the connection of the waterway three-way valve is switched, so that the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second water pipe and the water outlet pipe, and the heat stored in the heat storage module is directly used to generate hot water, which flows out from the water outlet pipe for.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, based on that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a heating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve; the water inlet pipe is communicated with a water source; the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end of the waterway three-way valve.
In the technical scheme, the air conditioner is in a heating state based on movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end of the four-way valve, namely, after a refrigerant flows out from the air outlet of the compressor, the refrigerant flows into the first heat exchanger through the first end of the four-way valve and the third end of the four-way valve, the first heat exchanger and the first fan assembly work in a matched mode to play a role in heating, the refrigerant flows out of the first heat exchanger and then passes through the throttling component, and then flows into the heat storage module, the heat storage module can absorb partial heat in the refrigerant, and after the refrigerant flows out of the heat storage module, the refrigerant flows back to the air return port of the compressor through the fourth end of the four-way valve and the second end of. Further, the inlet tube intercommunication water source, the first end of water route three-way valve is linked together with the second end of water route three-way valve, that is, the water route three-way valve can communicate second water pipe and outlet pipe, the water pump is closed, input water in to the inlet tube, make mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner pass through continuously to input water in the inlet tube in the heating process, take away the degree of coldness in the heat accumulation module, flow through the water route continues to provide heat for the heat accumulation module, ensure that mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner can normal heating operation, and heating effect is better, the operation duration is longer.
It will be appreciated that in this embodiment the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner, the second fan assembly and the water pump are not operated, so that the operating noise of the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner can be reduced, so that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner is in a relatively silent mode.
It can be understood that, in the case that the heat storage module stores heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner in this embodiment can directly use the heat stored in the heat storage module to ensure that the movable heat storage air conditioner can normally operate for heating, and in this state, the water inlet pipe is not arranged to communicate with the water source during the heating operation; of course, the water inlet pipe can be arranged in the heating operation to be directly communicated with the water source, the waterway three-way valve is arranged to be communicated with the second water pipe and the water outlet pipe, so that water is continuously input into the water inlet pipe in the heating process of the movable heat storage air conditioner, the water flows in the heat storage module, the coldness in the heat storage module is taken away, the heat is continuously provided for the heat storage module through the flow of the waterway, the movable heat storage air conditioner can be ensured to normally heat, the heating effect is better, and the operation time is longer.
In any of the above technical solutions, further, based on that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a heating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve; the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end of the waterway three-way valve.
In the technical scheme, the air conditioner is in a heating state based on movable heat storage, the first end of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end of the four-way valve, namely, after a refrigerant flows out from the air outlet of the compressor, the refrigerant flows into the first heat exchanger through the first end of the four-way valve and the third end of the four-way valve, the first heat exchanger and the first fan assembly work in a matched mode to play a role in heating, the refrigerant flows out of the first heat exchanger and then passes through the throttling component, and then flows into the heat storage module, the heat storage module can absorb partial heat in the refrigerant, and after the refrigerant flows out of the heat storage module, the refrigerant flows back to the air return port of the compressor through the fourth end of the four-way valve and the second end of. Further, the first end of water route three-way valve is linked together with the third end of water route three-way valve, that is, the water route three-way valve can communicate second water pipe and water pump, the water pump is opened, water in first water pipe and the second water pipe flows under the effect of water pump, form the circulation, second fan subassembly is in the running state, cooperation through second heat exchanger and second fan subassembly, make the cold volume in the heat accumulation module can be through quick effluvium of second heat exchanger and second fan subassembly, and then can rise the temperature of the refrigerant of flowing through the heat accumulation module, that is, rise the temperature of the refrigerant of the return-air inlet that flows back into the compressor, ensure that mobilizable heat accumulation air conditioner can normally heat the operation.
It can be understood that, in the case that the heat storage module does not store heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner in this embodiment needs to be externally connected with a heat dissipation air duct in this state, the operation of the second fan assembly and the water pump can be performed to enable water in the first water duct and the second water duct to form a flow circulation, and the second fan assembly can accelerate the diffusion of cold energy, so as to ensure that the movable heat storage air conditioner can normally perform heating operation.
According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system comprising: in an embodiment of the first aspect, there are a plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners, and the water outlet pipe of one of the plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners is communicated with the water inlet pipe of another one of the plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners. The movable heat-storage air-conditioning system provided by the embodiment of the invention has all the beneficial effects of the movable heat-storage air-conditioning system provided by any embodiment of the first aspect, which are not listed here.
Specifically, the movable heat storage air-conditioning system provided by the invention is connected with a plurality of movable heat storage air-conditioners, so that the plurality of movable heat storage air-conditioners can operate independently, and the water outlet pipes and the water inlet pipes of two adjacent movable heat storage air-conditioners are connected in sequence, so that the heat storage capacity of the heat storage modules of the movable heat storage air-conditioners can be enhanced, and a large amount of hot water can be supplied.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view illustrating a mobile thermal storage air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view illustrating a mobile thermal storage air conditioner provided according to an embodiment of the present invention in a cooling mode;
fig. 3 is another schematic structural view illustrating a mobile thermal storage air conditioner provided according to an embodiment of the present invention in a cooling mode;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view illustrating a heating mode of a mobile heat-storage air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 shows a schematic diagram of a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system provided according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, the correspondence between the reference numbers and the part names in fig. 1 to 5 is:
100 mobile regenerative air conditioner, 110 first heat exchanger, 120 compressor, 130 regenerative module, 140 four-way valve, 142 first end of four-way valve, 144 second end of four-way valve, 146 third end of four-way valve, 148 fourth end of four-way valve, 150 throttle member, 160 first fan assembly, 170 first water pipe, 172 second water pipe, 180 second heat exchanger, 190 second fan assembly, 200 water pump, 210 inlet pipe, 212 outlet pipe, 220 waterway three-way valve, 222 first end of waterway three-way valve, 224 second end of waterway three-way valve, 226 third end of waterway three-way valve.
Detailed Description
So that the manner in which the above recited aspects, features and advantages of the present invention can be understood in detail, a more particular description of the invention, briefly summarized above, may be had by reference to the embodiments thereof which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those specifically described herein, and therefore the scope of the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
A mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 and a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system according to some embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to fig. 1 to 5.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, according to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 including: a first heat exchanger 110; the compressor 120, the compressor 120 is provided with an air outlet and an air return port; a refrigerant pipeline is distributed in the heat storage module 130, and the heat storage module 130 is connected with the first heat exchanger 110 through the refrigerant pipeline; a four-way valve 140 having a first end 142 coupled to the air outlet, a second end 144 coupled to the return air inlet, a third end 146 coupled to first heat exchanger 110, and a fourth end 148 coupled to thermal storage module 130.
The movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 provided by the invention comprises a first heat exchanger 110, a compressor 120, a heat-accumulating module 130 and a four-way valve 140, wherein as shown in fig. 1, a first end 142 of the four-way valve is connected with an air outlet of the compressor 120, a second end 144 of the four-way valve is connected with an air return port of the compressor 120, a third end 146 of the four-way valve is connected with the first heat exchanger 110, a fourth end 148 of the four-way valve is connected with the heat-accumulating module 130, refrigerant pipelines are distributed in the heat-accumulating module 130, the heat-accumulating module 130 is connected with the first heat exchanger 110 through the refrigerant pipelines, the heat-accumulating module 130 can recover heat of the refrigerant flowing through the heat-accumulating module 130, store the heat, reduce heat loss of the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner in a refrigerating state, and the heat accumulated by the, The heating function is realized, and the function of heating water is also realized, so that the application range of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is expanded.
By arranging the heat storage module 130, the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can simultaneously realize the functions of cooling and heating of the mobile air conditioner and heating water of the air energy heat pump in the related art, and particularly, when the mobile air conditioner function in the related art is realized, a mute mode of using the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 of the invention, an efficient cooling mode of using the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 of the invention, or a heating mode of using the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 of the invention can be selected; when the air energy heat pump function is realized, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can be moved to an area needing hot water to be used, a quick connector is connected to provide hot water, the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212 of a plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners 100 can be communicated for use when the requirement on the hot water is large, for example, the water outlet pipe 212 and the water inlet pipe 210 of two adjacent movable heat storage air conditioners 100 can be connected in sequence, so that the hot water supply efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can be used as a mobile air conditioner firstly, the heat storage module 130 can directly provide hot water after recovering heat and storing heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner can be flexibly used for household, commercial and factory areas, and the trough electricity with lower price can be used for forward heat storage for the factory areas, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can select a corresponding use mode according to an actual application scene, the problems of inconvenient use, high noise, large heat loss and the like of the movable air conditioner in the related technology are solved, and the use range of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is expanded.
It can be understood that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention solves the problems that the movable air conditioner in the related art needs an external air pipe to radiate heat to the outside, the use is not convenient enough, the inside and the outside cannot be completely isolated due to the air pipe problem, the heat loss is caused, the heat generated in the refrigeration process cannot be recovered, and the heat loss is large by arranging the heat storage module 130. In addition, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can also be used as an air energy heat pump, and can move when being used as an air energy heat pump in the related technology, so that the problems that the air energy heat pump in the related technology is inconvenient to move and cannot be used in a modular combination manner when the heat is insufficient are solved.
Example two
On the basis of the first embodiment, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 further includes a throttling component 150 and a first fan assembly 160, one end of the throttling component 150 is connected with the heat storage module 130, and the other end of the throttling component is connected with the inlet of the first heat exchanger 110, so that the refrigerant flowing out of the heat storage module 130 enters the inlet of the first heat exchanger 110 through the throttling component 150, the throttling component 150 can control the flow rate of the refrigerant flowing into the heat exchanger, the temperature fluctuation of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is ensured to be stable, the return air port of the compressor 120 has enough superheat degree, and the throttling component 150 and the compressor 120 act together to enable the system to generate a high-low pressure region and ensure that the refrigeration cycle can be performed; when the first fan assembly 160 is turned on, the heat or cooling dissipation of the first heat exchanger 110 can be accelerated, and the cooling or heating efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can be improved.
In any of the above embodiments, further, the thermal storage module 130 further includes a thermal storage water inlet and a thermal storage water outlet, and the movable thermal storage air conditioner 100 further includes: the heat storage device comprises a first water pipe 170, a second water pipe 172, a second heat exchanger 180 and a second fan assembly 190, wherein the first water pipe 170 is distributed in the heat storage module 130, and two ends of the first water pipe 170 respectively extend out of a heat storage water inlet and a heat storage water outlet; a second water pipe 172 is distributed in the second heat exchanger 180, and the second water pipe 172 is communicated with one end of the first water pipe 170, which extends out of the heat storage water outlet; the second fan assembly 190 is disposed at one side of the second heat exchanger 180.
In this embodiment, the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 further includes a first water pipe 170, a second water pipe 172, a second heat exchanger 180 and a second fan assembly 190, the first water pipe 170 is distributed in the heat-storage module 130, two ends of the first water pipe 170 respectively extend out from the heat-storage water inlet and the heat-storage water outlet of the heat-storage module 130, the second water pipe 172 is distributed in the second heat exchanger 180, and the second water pipe 172 is communicated with one end of the first water pipe 170 extending out from the heat-storage water outlet, so that heat in the heat-storage module 130 can flow into the second water pipe 172 and be dissipated by the second heat exchanger 180, and further the temperature of the refrigerant flowing through the heat-storage module 130 can be further reduced, that is, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the first heat exchanger 110 is reduced, and the refrigeration efficiency of the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 is improved; the second fan assembly 190 can accelerate the dissipation of heat or cold of the second heat exchanger 180 in the open state, and the cooling or heating efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is improved. Specifically, the second heat exchanger 180 may be a secondary finned heat exchanger.
Further, the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 further includes a water pump 200 disposed between the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172, the water pump 200 is communicated with the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172 of the heat-storage module 130, and the water pump 200 can function to circulate water in the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172, so as to cooperate with the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, so that heat in the heat-storage module 130 can be rapidly dissipated through the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, and further the temperature of the refrigerant flowing through the heat-storage module 130 can be further reduced, that is, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the first heat exchanger 110 is reduced, and the refrigeration efficiency of the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 is improved.
EXAMPLE III
In addition to the first or second embodiment, the mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 further includes: the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with the first water pipe 170; the water outlet pipe 212 is communicated with the second water pipe 172; a first end 222 of the three-way valve is connected to the second water pipe 172, a second end 224 of the three-way valve is connected to the water outlet pipe 212, and a third end 226 of the three-way valve is connected to the water pump 200.
In this embodiment, the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 further includes a water inlet pipe 210, a water outlet pipe 212 and a water path three-way valve 220, wherein the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with the first water pipe 170, and the water outlet pipe 212 is communicated with the second water pipe 172, specifically, the water inlet pipe 210 may be communicated with a water source, so that water sequentially flows through the water inlet pipe 210, the first water pipe 170 distributed in the heat-accumulating module 130, the second water pipe 172 distributed in the second heat exchanger 180 and the water outlet pipe 212, and in the case that heat is stored in the heat-accumulating module 130, the temperature of the water is increased in the process of flowing through the heat-accumulating module 130, that is, the heat of the heat-accumulating module 130 may be directly used to generate hot water, so that the. Further, the first end 222 of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the second water pipe 172, the second end 224 of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the water outlet pipe 212, the third end 226 of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the water pump 200, that is, the waterway three-way valve 220 can communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water outlet pipe 212, or communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water pump 200, specifically, under the condition that the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with a water source, the waterway three-way valve 220 can communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water outlet pipe 212, and the water pump 200 is closed, so that hot water directly flows out from the water outlet pipe 212, and the use. Or, under the condition that the water inlet pipe 210 is not communicated with a water source, the waterway three-way valve 220 can communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water pump 200, the water pump 200 is turned on, and the water in the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172 flows under the action of the water pump 200 to form a circulation, so that the function of dissipating heat in the heat storage module 130 can be achieved, and the refrigeration efficiency of the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 is improved.
In an embodiment of the present invention, further, as shown in fig. 2, when the mobile heat-accumulation air conditioner 100 is in a cooling state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, and the second end 144 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve; the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with a water source; a first end 222 of the three-way valve is connected to a second end 224 of the three-way valve.
In this embodiment, based on the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 being in a cooling state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, that is, as shown in fig. 2, the refrigerant flows to the direction shown by the arrow in fig. 2, after flowing out from the air outlet of the compressor 120, the refrigerant flows into the heat-storage module 130 through the first end 142 of the four-way valve and the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, the heat-storage module 130 can absorb part of the heat in the refrigerant, after flowing out of the heat-storage module 130, the refrigerant flows through the throttling component 150, and then flows into the first heat exchanger 110, the first heat exchanger 110 and the first fan assembly 160 work cooperatively to perform a cooling function, and after flowing out from the first heat exchanger 110, the refrigerant passes through the second end 144 of the four-way valve and the third end. Further, the heat in the heat storage module 130 can heat the water in the first water pipe 170 to form hot water, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can also play a role of heating water while refrigerating, thereby reducing heat loss of the movable heat storage air conditioner in a refrigerating state, specifically, the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with a water source, the first end 222 of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end 224 of the waterway three-way valve, that is, the waterway three-way valve 220 can be communicated with the second water pipe 172 and the water outlet pipe 212, the water pump 200 is turned off, so that the hot water directly flows out of the water outlet pipe 212, and the use by a user is facilitated.
It is understood that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100, the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 are not operated in this embodiment, so that the operation noise of the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 can be reduced, so that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 is in a relatively silent mode.
It can be understood that, in the mobile heat-storage air conditioner 100 of this embodiment, the water inlet pipe 210 may be set to directly communicate with the water source during the cooling operation, and the water path three-way valve 220 may be set to communicate with the second water pipe 172 and the water outlet pipe 212, so that the mobile heat-storage air conditioner 100 directly generates hot water during the cooling process, and the hot water flows out from the water outlet pipe 212 for the user to use; or, after the cooling operation is finished, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 may be moved to an area where hot water needs to be used, and then connected to the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212, so that the water inlet pipe 210 is connected to a water source, and the water path three-way valve 220 is connected to the second water pipe 172 and the water outlet pipe 212, so that hot water is generated by directly using heat stored in the heat storage module 130, and flows out of the water outlet pipe 212 for a user to use.
In another embodiment of the present invention, further, as shown in fig. 3, when the movable heat-accumulation air conditioner 100 is in a cooling state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, and the second end 144 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve; the first end 222 of the three-way valve communicates with the third end 226 of the three-way valve.
In this embodiment, based on the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 being in a cooling state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, that is, as shown in fig. 3, the refrigerant flows to the direction shown by the arrow in fig. 3, after flowing out from the air outlet of the compressor 120, the refrigerant flows into the heat-storage module 130 through the first end 142 of the four-way valve and the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve, the heat-storage module 130 can absorb part of the heat in the refrigerant, after flowing out of the heat-storage module 130, the refrigerant flows through the throttling component 150, and then flows into the first heat exchanger 110, the first heat exchanger 110 and the first fan assembly 160 work cooperatively to perform a cooling function, and after flowing out from the first heat exchanger 110, the refrigerant passes through the second end 144 of the four-way valve and the third end. Further, the heat in the heat storage module 130 can heat the water in the first water pipe 170 to form hot water, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can also heat water while refrigerating, thereby reducing heat loss of the movable heat storage air conditioner in a refrigerating state, specifically, the first end 222 of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end 226 of the waterway three-way valve, that is, as shown in fig. 3, water flows in a direction shown by an arrow in fig. 3, the waterway three-way valve 220 can communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water pump 200, the water pump 200 is turned on, the water in the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172 flows under the action of the water pump 200 to form a circulation, the second fan assembly 190 is in an operating state, and through cooperation of the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, the heat in the heat storage module 130 can be rapidly dissipated through the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, further, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module 130, that is, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing into the first heat exchanger 110, may be further reduced, which may function to improve the cooling efficiency of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100, thereby enabling the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 to be in a high-efficiency cooling mode.
It is understood that, in the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 of this embodiment, after the cooling operation is finished, the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 may be moved to an area where hot water needs to be used, and then connected to the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212, so that the water inlet pipe 210 is connected to a water source, and the connection of the waterway three-way valve 220 is switched, so that the waterway three-way valve 220 is connected to the second water pipe 172 and the water outlet pipe 212, so that hot water is directly generated by using heat stored in the heat-storage module 130, and flows out from the water outlet.
In yet another embodiment of the present invention, further, based on the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 being in a heating state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve, and the second end 144 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve; the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with a water source; the first end 222 of the three-way valve communicates with the second end 224 of the three-way valve.
In this embodiment, based on that the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 is in a heating state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve, that is, as shown in fig. 4, the refrigerant flows to the direction shown by the arrow in fig. 4, after flowing out from the air outlet of the compressor 120, the refrigerant passes through the first end 142 of the four-way valve and the third end 146 of the four-way valve and flows into the first heat exchanger 110, the first heat exchanger 110 and the first fan assembly 160 cooperate to perform a heating function, the refrigerant flows out from the first heat exchanger 110, passes through the throttling component 150, and then flows into the heat-storage module 130, the heat-storage module 130 can absorb part of heat in the refrigerant, and after flowing out of the heat-storage module 130, the refrigerant flows back to the air return port of the compressor 120 through the fourth end 148 of the.
Further, the water inlet pipe 210 is communicated with a water source, the first end 222 of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end 224 of the waterway three-way valve, that is, the waterway three-way valve 220 can be communicated with the second water pipe 172 and the water outlet pipe 212, the water pump 200 is turned off, and water is input into the water inlet pipe 210, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 takes away the coldness in the heat storage module 130 by continuously inputting water into the water inlet pipe 210 in the heating process, and continuously provides heat for the heat storage module 130 through the flow of the waterway, thereby ensuring that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can normally perform heating operation, and the heating effect is better, and.
It is understood that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100, the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 are not operated in this embodiment, so that the operation noise of the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 can be reduced, so that the movable heat-accumulating air conditioner 100 is in a relatively silent mode.
It is understood that, in the case where the heat storage module 130 stores heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 in this embodiment may directly use the heat stored in the heat storage module 130 to ensure that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can perform normal heating operation, and in this state, the water inlet pipe 210 may not be provided to communicate with the water source during the heating operation; of course, the water inlet pipe 210 may be set to directly communicate with the water source during the heating operation, and the water path three-way valve 220 may be set to communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water outlet pipe 212, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 continuously inputs water into the water inlet pipe 210 during the heating process, so that the water flows in the heat storage module 130 to take away the cold degree in the heat storage module 130, and continuously provides heat to the heat storage module 130 through the flow of the water path, thereby ensuring that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can normally perform the heating operation, and the heating effect is better, and the operation time is longer.
In yet another embodiment of the present invention, further, as shown in fig. 4, when the movable heat-accumulation type air conditioner 100 is in a heating state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve, and the second end 144 of the four-way valve is communicated with the fourth end 148 of the four-way valve; the first end 222 of the three-way valve communicates with the third end 226 of the three-way valve.
In this embodiment, based on that the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 is in a heating state, the first end 142 of the four-way valve is communicated with the third end 146 of the four-way valve, that is, as shown in fig. 4, the refrigerant flows to the direction shown by the arrow in fig. 4, after flowing out from the air outlet of the compressor 120, the refrigerant passes through the first end 142 of the four-way valve and the third end 146 of the four-way valve and flows into the first heat exchanger 110, the first heat exchanger 110 and the first fan assembly 160 cooperate to perform a heating function, the refrigerant flows out from the first heat exchanger 110, passes through the throttling component 150, and then flows into the heat-storage module 130, the heat-storage module 130 can absorb part of heat in the refrigerant, and after flowing out of the heat-storage module 130, the refrigerant flows back to the air return port of the compressor 120 through the fourth end 148 of the. Further, the first end 222 of the three-way waterway valve is communicated with the third end 226 of the three-way waterway valve, that is, as shown in fig. 4, water flows to the direction shown by the arrow in fig. 4, the three-way waterway valve 220 can communicate the second water pipe 172 with the water pump 200, the water pump 200 is turned on, water in the first water pipe 170 and the second water pipe 172 flows under the action of the water pump 200 to form a circulation, the second fan assembly 190 is in an operating state, and through the cooperation of the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, cold energy in the heat storage module 130 can be rapidly dissipated through the second heat exchanger 180 and the second fan assembly 190, so that the temperature of the refrigerant flowing through the heat storage module 130 can be raised, that is, the temperature of the refrigerant flowing back into the air return port of the compressor 120 is raised, and the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can normally perform a heating operation.
It can be understood that in the case that the thermal storage module 130 does not store heat in the mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 in this embodiment, in this state, the external cooling air duct is required, the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 can operate to circulate the water in the first water duct 170 and the second water duct 172 in a flowing manner, and the second fan assembly 190 can accelerate the diffusion of cooling energy, so as to ensure that the mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 can normally perform heating operation.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, as shown in figure 5, there is provided a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system comprising: in the mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 according to any one of the embodiments of the first aspect, the number of the mobile thermal storage air conditioners 100 is plural, and the water outlet pipe 212 of one of the plural mobile thermal storage air conditioners 100 is communicated with the water inlet pipe 210 of another one of the plural mobile thermal storage air conditioners 100. The mobile heat-storage air-conditioning system provided by the invention has the mobile heat-storage air-conditioning 100 provided by any embodiment of the first aspect, so that the mobile heat-storage air-conditioning system provided by the embodiment of the invention has all the advantages of the mobile heat-storage air-conditioning 100 provided by any embodiment of the first aspect, which are not listed here.
Specifically, the movable heat-storage air-conditioning system provided by the invention is connected with the plurality of movable heat-storage air-conditioners 100, so that the plurality of movable heat-storage air-conditioners 100 can operate independently, and the water outlet pipes 212 and the water inlet pipes 210 of two adjacent movable heat-storage air-conditioners 100 are connected in sequence, so that the heat storage capacity of the heat storage module 130 of the movable heat-storage air-conditioner 100 can be enhanced, a large amount of hot water can be supplied, the corresponding use mode can be selected according to the actual application scene, the problems of inconvenient use, high noise, large heat loss and the like of the movable air-conditioners in the related art are solved, and the use range of the movable heat-storage air-conditioning system is expanded.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENT (S) OF INVENTION
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 of the present invention can simultaneously implement the functions of a mobile air conditioner and an air energy heat pump in the related art by combining the heat storage module 130, the secondary fin heat exchanger, and the water pump 200. Specifically, when the mobile air-conditioning function in the related art is implemented, the silent mode using the mobile heat-storage air-conditioner 100 of the present invention, or the high-efficiency cooling mode using the mobile heat-storage air-conditioner 100 of the present invention, or the heating mode using the mobile heat-storage air-conditioner 100 of the present invention may be selected; when the air energy heat pump function is realized, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can be moved to an area needing hot water to be used, a quick connector is connected to provide hot water, the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212 of a plurality of movable heat storage air conditioners 100 can be communicated for use due to large hot water demand, for example, the water outlet pipe 212 and the water inlet pipe 210 of two adjacent movable heat storage air conditioners 100 can be connected in sequence, so that the hot water supply efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can be used as a mobile air conditioner firstly, the heat storage module 130 can be used for directly providing hot water after recovering heat and storing heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner can be flexibly used for household, commercial and factory areas, and the cheap trough electricity can be used for promoting heat storage for the factory areas, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the invention can select a corresponding use mode according to an actual application scene, the problems of inconvenient use, large noise, large heat loss and the like of the movable air conditioner in the related technology are solved, the problems of inflexible movement of an air energy heat pump, insufficient hot water supply and large cold loss in the related technology are solved, and the use range of the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is expanded.
As shown in fig. 2, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the mobile thermal storage air conditioner 100 provided by the present invention may operate according to air conditioner silent cooling operation + heat recovery operation; specifically, the compressor 120 and the first fan assembly 160 are turned on, the four-way valve 140 and the throttle unit 150 are controlled logically, the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 are not operated, and the flow of the refrigerant is as indicated by arrows in fig. 2. Furthermore, the water pipe can be connected with an external water pipe, and the waterway three-way valve 220 is switched to the water outlet pipe 212 to be used as a water-cooling cold air unit for refrigerating operation.
After the cooling is finished, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 may be moved to an area where hot water is needed to be used, and then the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212 are connected, the waterway three-way valve 220 is switched to the water outlet pipe 212, and the heat of the heat storage module 130 is directly used to generate hot water for use, or the movable heat storage air conditioner may be continuously opened to continuously generate hot water for use according to the above mode.
As shown in fig. 3, in a second embodiment of the present invention, the mobile heat-storage air conditioner 100 provided by the present invention may operate according to the air-conditioning high-efficiency cooling operation + heat recovery operation: specifically, the compressor 120 and the first fan assembly 160 are turned on, the four-way valve 140 and the throttle unit 150 are controlled logically, and the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 are operated, and the flow direction of the refrigerant is shown by the arrows in fig. 3.
After the refrigeration of the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 is finished, the movable heat-storage air conditioner 100 can be moved to an area where hot water needs to be used and connected with the water inlet pipe 210 and the water outlet pipe 212, the waterway three-way valve 220 is switched to the water outlet pipe 212, the heat of the heat-storage module 130 is directly used for generating hot water for use, and the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 can be turned off to be used as an air-source heat pump according to the mode.
As shown in fig. 4, in the third embodiment of the present invention, the mobile heat storage air conditioner 100 provided by the present invention may operate according to air conditioner heating: specifically, (1) in case the heat storage module 130 has been filled with heat, the heat is supplied to the room through the first fan assembly 160 using the heat stored in the heat storage module 130 without turning on the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200; (2) if the heat storage module 130 does not store heat, the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 can be turned on to heat, the compressor 120 and the first fan assembly 160 are turned on, the four-way valve 140 and the throttling component 150 are controlled logically, the second fan assembly 190 and the water pump 200 operate, at this time, an external machine heat dissipation air pipe is needed, and the flow direction of a refrigerant is shown by an arrow in fig. 4. Further, the water channel three-way valve 220 can be switched to the water outlet pipe 212 through an external water receiving pipe, and heat is continuously supplied to the heat storage water tank through the water channel, so that the movable heat storage air conditioner 100 is better in operation effect and longer in operation time.
In a fourth embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 5, the invention provides a mobile thermal storage air conditioning system operable in parallel according to an air-source heat pump: specifically, as shown in fig. 5, as long as the water outlet pipe 212 and the water inlet pipe 210 of different movable heat-storage air conditioners 100 are connected, a plurality of movable heat-storage air conditioners 100 can be connected in series, and a large amount of hot water can be supplied.
In the description of the present invention, the terms "plurality" or "a plurality" refer to two or more, and unless otherwise specifically defined, the terms "upper", "lower", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "connected," "mounted," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral connections; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific situations.
In the description of the present invention, the description of the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "specific embodiments," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the present invention. In the present disclosure, the schematic representations of the above terms do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention shall be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A mobile thermal storage air conditioner comprising:
a first heat exchanger;
the compressor is provided with an air outlet and an air return port;
the heat storage module is distributed with refrigerant pipelines and is connected with the first heat exchanger through the refrigerant pipelines;
the first end of the four-way valve is connected with the air outlet, the second end of the four-way valve is connected with the air return port, the third end of the four-way valve is connected with the first heat exchanger, and the fourth end of the four-way valve is connected with the heat storage module.
2. A mobile thermal storage air conditioner according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises:
one end of the throttling component is connected with the heat storage module, and the other end of the throttling component is connected with an inlet of the first heat exchanger;
and the first fan assembly is arranged on one side of the first heat exchanger.
3. A mobile thermal storage air conditioner according to claim 1, wherein said thermal storage module further comprises a thermal storage water inlet and a thermal storage water outlet, said mobile thermal storage air conditioner further comprising:
the first water pipes are distributed in the heat storage module, and two ends of each first water pipe respectively extend out of the heat storage water inlet and the heat storage water outlet;
a second heat exchanger, wherein second water pipes are distributed in the second heat exchanger, and the second water pipes are communicated with one end of the first water pipe, which extends out of the heat storage water outlet;
and the second fan assembly is arranged on one side of the second heat exchanger.
4. A mobile thermal storage air conditioner according to claim 3, further comprising:
and the water pump is arranged between the first water pipe and the second water pipe and is communicated with the first water pipe and the second water pipe of the heat storage module.
5. Mobile regenerative air conditioning according to claim 4, characterized in that it further comprises:
the water inlet pipe is communicated with the first water pipe;
the water outlet pipe is communicated with the second water pipe;
the first end of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the second water pipe, the second end of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the water outlet pipe, and the third end of the waterway three-way valve is connected with the water pump.
6. Mobile regenerative air conditioning according to claim 5,
based on the fact that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a refrigerating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve;
the water inlet pipe is communicated with a water source;
the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end of the waterway three-way valve.
7. Mobile regenerative air conditioning according to claim 5,
based on the fact that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a refrigerating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve;
and the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end of the waterway three-way valve.
8. Mobile regenerative air conditioning according to claim 5,
based on the fact that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a heating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve;
the water inlet pipe is communicated with a water source;
the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the second end of the waterway three-way valve.
9. Mobile regenerative air conditioning according to claim 5,
based on the fact that the movable heat storage air conditioner is in a heating state, a first end of the four-way valve is communicated with a third end of the four-way valve, and a second end of the four-way valve is communicated with a fourth end of the four-way valve;
and the first end of the waterway three-way valve is communicated with the third end of the waterway three-way valve.
10. A mobile regenerative air conditioning system, comprising:
a mobile thermal storage air conditioner according to any one of claims 1 to 9, which is plural in number, the water outlet pipe of one of plural mobile thermal storage air conditioners being communicated with the water inlet pipe of another of plural mobile thermal storage air conditioners.
CN202010342405.9A 2020-04-27 2020-04-27 Movable heat storage air conditioner and movable heat storage air conditioning system Pending CN111412568A (en)

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CN109855175A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-06-07 佛山市顺德区美的电子科技有限公司 Mobile air conditioner system and mobile air conditioner
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