CN111395454A - Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure - Google Patents

Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111395454A
CN111395454A CN202010332862.XA CN202010332862A CN111395454A CN 111395454 A CN111395454 A CN 111395454A CN 202010332862 A CN202010332862 A CN 202010332862A CN 111395454 A CN111395454 A CN 111395454A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
soil
retaining
collecting
corrugated pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010332862.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴立威
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Ningbo City College of Vocational Technology
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Ningbo City College of Vocational Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo City College of Vocational Technology filed Critical Ningbo City College of Vocational Technology
Priority to CN202010332862.XA priority Critical patent/CN111395454A/en
Publication of CN111395454A publication Critical patent/CN111395454A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D3/00Improving or preserving soil or rock, e.g. preserving permafrost soil
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention provides a soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method, which comprises the following steps: firstly, burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface by the corrugated pipe; laying graded stones on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, wherein the graded stones filter redundant rainwater and maintain irrigation water to enter the corrugated pipe; the corrugated pipe is connected with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to retain soil and collect water. Meanwhile, a soil and water retaining structure is provided. The soil-retaining and water-collecting device is arranged, so that the boundary is fresh, shrubs and turf are in natural transition, no open drainage ditch exists, and the landscape effect is good; the phenomenon of soil sliding on the slope can not occur, and the stability is good; in the watering process, the shrub planting soil does not influence the growth of the turf on the terrain and the joints due to scouring; the edge turning form is favorable for stopping water flow, the rainwater runoff infiltration effect is improved, and rainwater is collected through the corrugated pipe. The effect of saving resources by collecting rainwater is achieved; has the effect of green land construction of sponge cities in cities.

Description

Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garden design and construction, in particular to a soil and water retaining construction method and a soil and water retaining structure.
Background
In gardens, some fluctuation change terrains can be often made, the gradient of the terrains can be larger than the natural resting angle sometimes, soil sliding is often prevented through shrub planting and turf laying, but in a shrub and turf transition area, soil sliding and accumulation phenomena easily occur, soil even can flow into the turf on the lower part during watering, the landscape is influenced, and the turf is not beneficial to growth.
In the original sloping field color block plant planting, the phenomena of water and soil loss, lodging of edge plants, pollution of lawns outside color blocks and the like often occur during rain wash or watering because the edge soil of the base part of the plant is exposed after the color block plant is planted. Therefore, the marginal plants grow badly, and the color block edge landscape effect and the lawn edge landscape effect are seriously influenced. In the construction process, a ditching method for preserving soil is adopted, but the boundary landscape effect is still damaged, and the water ditch dredging work is also increased.
In addition, in large-scale garden greenbelts or strip-shaped road landscapes, soil often pollutes roads or lawns due to erosion of rainwater between roads and greenbelts and between lawns and color lump plants.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the embodiment of the invention provides a soil and water retaining construction method and a soil and water retaining structure. The technical scheme is as follows:
in one aspect, there is provided a soil-retaining and water-collecting structure comprising: the water collecting and conveying part, the water filtering part and the water retaining part;
the water collecting and delivering part adopts a corrugated pipe to collect and deliver water; pre-burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface;
the water filtering part adopts graded stone; paving the graded stone on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, and filtering redundant rainwater and maintenance irrigation water into the corrugated pipe;
and the water retaining part adopts a soil retaining and water collecting device which is connected with the corrugated pipe.
Furthermore, the soil and water retaining device comprises a water bar, a water baffle and a water collecting film; the water baffle is vertically embedded in planting soil along the edge line of the color block plant; the water retaining strip is higher than planting soil to form a water retaining device, and the water collecting film is paved above the corrugated pipe to collect the downward seepage water and collect the downward seepage water into the corrugated pipe.
Furthermore, the graded stone is 10-30 mm in thickness of 5-10 cm.
On the other hand, the construction method for retaining soil and collecting water is carried out according to the following steps:
1) firstly, burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface;
2) paving graded stones on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, wherein the graded stones filter redundant rainwater and maintain irrigation water to enter the corrugated pipe;
3) and connecting the corrugated pipe with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to perform soil retaining and water collecting.
Further, the step of connecting the corrugated pipe with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to perform soil retaining and water collecting specifically comprises:
vertically embedding a water baffle of the soil-blocking and water-collecting device into planting soil along the edge line of the color block plant;
the water retaining strip of the soil retaining and water collecting device is higher than planting soil for soil retaining;
and laying the water collecting film of the soil retaining and water collecting device above the corrugated pipe, and collecting the downward seepage water to collect the corrugated pipe.
The technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and the soil-retaining and water-collecting structure, the soil-retaining and water-collecting device is arranged, so that the boundary is fresh, shrubs and turf are in transition nature, no open drainage ditch exists, and the landscape effect is good; the phenomenon of soil sliding on the slope can not occur, and the stability is good; in the watering process, the shrub planting soil does not influence the growth of the turf on the terrain and the joints due to scouring; the edge turning form is favorable for stopping water flow, improving the rainwater runoff infiltration effect and collecting rainwater through the corrugated pipe; meanwhile, the rainwater collecting device has the effect of collecting rainwater and saving resources; and has the effect of building the green land of the sponge city in the city.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a soil and water retaining structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a soil and water retaining structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of a soil and water retaining structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of a soil and water retaining apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The present invention provides a soil-retaining and water-collecting structure, referring to fig. 1 to 3, comprising: the water collecting and conveying part, the water filtering part and the water retaining part;
the water collecting and delivering part adopts a corrugated pipe to collect and deliver water; pre-burying a corrugated pipe 7 with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant 1 for collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil;
the water filtering part adopts graded stone 6; the graded stone 6 is laid on the upper side of the corrugated pipe 7 and is used for filtering redundant rainwater and maintenance irrigation water to enter the corrugated pipe 7;
the water retaining part adopts a soil retaining and water collecting device 2, and the soil retaining and water collecting device 2 is connected with the corrugated pipe 7.
Specifically, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of 1-1 of FIG. 1.
Further, referring to fig. 4, the soil-retaining and water-collecting device 2 includes a water bar 21, a water baffle 22, and a water-collecting film 23; the water baffle plate 22 is vertically embedded in the planting soil 5 along the edge line of the color block plant 1; the water retaining strip 21 is higher than the planting soil 5 to form a water retaining device, the water collecting film 21 is laid above the corrugated pipe 7, and the collected water is collected and drained to be collected into the corrugated pipe 7.
Furthermore, the graded stone 6 is 10-30 mm in thickness and 5-10cm in thickness.
In this embodiment, two soil and water retaining devices are provided, a first soil and water retaining device 2 is disposed between the color lump plants 1 and the lawn 3, and a second soil and water retaining device 2 is disposed between the lawn 3 and the road teeth 4.
Specifically, the soil-retaining and water-collecting device adopts a novel PE material specially manufactured for soil-retaining and water-collecting devices.
On the other hand, the construction method for retaining soil and collecting water is carried out according to the following steps:
1) firstly, burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface;
2) paving graded stones on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, wherein the graded stones filter redundant rainwater and maintain irrigation water to enter the corrugated pipe;
3) and connecting the corrugated pipe with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to perform soil retaining and water collecting.
Further, the step of connecting the corrugated pipe with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to perform soil retaining and water collecting specifically comprises:
vertically embedding a water baffle of the soil-blocking and water-collecting device into planting soil along the edge line of the color block plant;
the water retaining strip of the soil retaining and water collecting device is higher than planting soil for soil retaining;
and laying the water collecting film of the soil retaining and water collecting device above the corrugated pipe, and collecting the downward seepage water to collect the corrugated pipe.
Specifically, the soil retaining and water collecting construction method provided by the invention protects soil with color block plants planted on undulating garden terrain, prevents water and soil loss, and simultaneously introduces surface runoff into the ground to enhance the water retention of the soil. According to the soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method, through improvement of a color-block edge planting construction method, a specially-made brand-new PE material soil-retaining and water-collecting structure is adopted for boundary lofting during construction lofting, water and soil in a slope are prevented from flowing downwards and directly permeating into soil, water, soil and fertilizer supply of plants at the color block edges is ensured, and color-block edge landscape and lawn landscape effects are kept.
The technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and the soil-retaining and water-collecting structure, the soil-retaining and water-collecting device is arranged, so that the boundary is fresh, shrubs and turf are in transition nature, no open drainage ditch exists, and the landscape effect is good; the phenomenon of soil sliding on the slope can not occur, and the stability is good; in the watering process, the shrub planting soil does not influence the growth of the turf on the terrain and the joints due to scouring; the edge turning form is favorable for stopping water flow, improving the rainwater runoff infiltration effect and collecting rainwater through the corrugated pipe; meanwhile, the rainwater collecting device has the effect of collecting rainwater and saving resources; and has the effect of building the green land of the sponge city in the city.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A soil-retaining and water-collecting structure, comprising: the water collecting and conveying part, the water filtering part and the water retaining part;
the water collecting and delivering part adopts a corrugated pipe to collect and deliver water; pre-burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface;
the water filtering part adopts graded stone; paving the graded stone on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, and filtering redundant rainwater and maintenance irrigation water into the corrugated pipe;
and the water retaining part adopts a soil retaining and water collecting device which is connected with the corrugated pipe.
2. A soil and water retaining structure according to claim 1 wherein said soil and water retaining means comprises a water bar, a water baffle, a water collecting membrane; the water baffle is vertically embedded in planting soil along the edge line of the color block plant; the water retaining strip is higher than planting soil to form a water retaining device, and the water collecting film is laid above the corrugated pipe to collect downward seepage water and collect the downward seepage water into the corrugated pipe.
3. A soil and water retaining structure according to claim 2, wherein said graded stones are 10 to 30mm in thickness of 5 to 10 cm.
4. A soil and water retaining construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) firstly, burying a corrugated pipe with the diameter of 10-15cm along the edge of the color lump plant, and collecting and conveying subsurface runoff permeating into soil from the earth surface;
2) paving graded stones on the upper side of the corrugated pipe, wherein the graded stones filter redundant rainwater and maintain irrigation water to enter the corrugated pipe;
3) and connecting the corrugated pipe with a soil-retaining and water-collecting device to perform soil retaining and water collecting.
5. The soil and water retaining construction method according to claim 4, wherein the step of connecting the corrugated pipe to a soil and water retaining and collecting device to retain soil and collect water comprises:
vertically embedding a water baffle of the soil-blocking and water-collecting device into planting soil along the edge line of the color block plant;
the water retaining strip of the soil retaining and water collecting device is higher than planting soil for soil retaining;
and laying the water collecting film of the soil retaining and water collecting device above the corrugated pipe, and collecting the downward seepage water to collect the corrugated pipe.
CN202010332862.XA 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure Pending CN111395454A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010332862.XA CN111395454A (en) 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010332862.XA CN111395454A (en) 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 Soil-retaining and water-collecting construction method and soil-retaining and water-collecting structure

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0097098A1 (en) * 1982-06-11 1983-12-28 Marcel Matière Method of retaining the earth after excavating sloping soil, among others for the passage of a conduit in a trench
CN101117798A (en) * 2006-08-04 2008-02-06 朱明亮 Underground pipe line type seepagefiltrationn alkali-discharging technology
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
CN201541524U (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-08-11 洪宗群 Water-saving plastic shed
CN202000308U (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-10-05 江苏中天环境工程有限公司 Compound ecological water-retention protective slope
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0097098A1 (en) * 1982-06-11 1983-12-28 Marcel Matière Method of retaining the earth after excavating sloping soil, among others for the passage of a conduit in a trench
CN101117798A (en) * 2006-08-04 2008-02-06 朱明亮 Underground pipe line type seepagefiltrationn alkali-discharging technology
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
CN201541524U (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-08-11 洪宗群 Water-saving plastic shed
CN202000308U (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-10-05 江苏中天环境工程有限公司 Compound ecological water-retention protective slope
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

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