CN111389604A - Cyclone dust removal equipment with noise reduction function for waste gas treatment - Google Patents

Cyclone dust removal equipment with noise reduction function for waste gas treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111389604A
CN111389604A CN202010222445.XA CN202010222445A CN111389604A CN 111389604 A CN111389604 A CN 111389604A CN 202010222445 A CN202010222445 A CN 202010222445A CN 111389604 A CN111389604 A CN 111389604A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
fixed
main
noise reduction
cyclone dust
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010222445.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
特尼格日
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Te Nigeri
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Te Nigeri
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Priority to CN202010222445.XA priority Critical patent/CN111389604A/en
Publication of CN111389604A publication Critical patent/CN111389604A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C3/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex (flow following a screw-thread type line) remains unchanged Also devices in which one of the two discharge ducts returns centrally through the vortex chamber, a reverse-flow vortex being prevented by bulkheads in the central discharge duct
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D45/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/12Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/16Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by centrifugal forces generated by the winding course of the gas stream, the centrifugal forces being generated solely or partly by mechanical means, e.g. fixed swirl vanes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C11/00Accessories, e.g. safety or control devices, not otherwise provided for, e.g. regulators, valves in inlet or overflow ducting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C3/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex (flow following a screw-thread type line) remains unchanged Also devices in which one of the two discharge ducts returns centrally through the vortex chamber, a reverse-flow vortex being prevented by bulkheads in the central discharge duct
    • B04C3/06Construction of inlets or outlets to the vortex chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/087Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. brushes, scrapers

Abstract

The invention relates to cyclone dust removing equipment with a noise reduction function for waste gas treatment, which comprises a main body, an ash bucket, a protective shell, an air inlet pipe, an air outlet pipe, two support rods, a cleaning mechanism and two vacuum mechanisms, wherein each vacuum mechanism comprises an air cylinder, a piston, an air cylinder, a first connecting pipe and a second connecting pipe, each cleaning mechanism comprises a connecting assembly, a first bearing, a rotating shaft, a first gear, two transmission assemblies and two cleaning assemblies, each cleaning assembly comprises a connecting rod and a scraper, the cyclone dust removing equipment with the noise reduction function for waste gas treatment is used for extracting air into the protective shell through the vacuum mechanisms, so that the air quantity in the protective shell is reduced, sound transmission media are reduced, the sound emitted by a cyclone dust collector is reduced, the noise reduction function is realized, impurity dust adhered to the inner wall of the main body is scraped through the cleaning mechanisms, the cleaning is not required to be manually cleaned, and the cleaning convenience is improved.

Description

Cyclone dust removal equipment with noise reduction function for waste gas treatment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of waste gas treatment equipment, in particular to cyclone dust removal equipment with a noise reduction function for waste gas treatment.
Background
Cyclone dust collectors are a type of dust removing device. The dust removing mechanism is that the dust-containing airflow makes a rotary motion, the dust particles are separated from the airflow by means of centrifugal force and collected on the wall of the device, and then the dust particles fall into the dust hopper by means of gravity. Each part of the cyclone dust collector has a certain size proportion, and the efficiency and the pressure loss of the cyclone dust collector can be influenced by the change of each proportion relation, wherein the diameter of the dust collector, the size of the air inlet and the diameter of the exhaust pipe are main influencing factors. In use, it should be noted that when a certain limit is exceeded, the favorable factors can also translate into unfavorable factors. Further, some factors are advantageous for improving the dust removal efficiency, but increase the pressure loss, and thus adjustment of each factor must be compatible.
Current cyclone is carrying out the exhaust-gas treatment during operation, and the solid impurity who is mingled with in the waste gas strikes the main part inner wall easily, can send great sound to the noise that leads to current cyclone is very big, has reduced current cyclone's practicality, and so, current cyclone is carrying out exhaust-gas treatment work back for a long time, and easy adhesion dust needs artificial clearance on the inner wall of main part, has reduced the convenience of clearance.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the cyclone dust removing equipment with the noise reduction function for waste gas treatment is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problem is that the cyclone dust removal equipment with the noise reduction function for waste gas treatment comprises a main body, an ash bucket, a protective shell, an air inlet pipe, an air outlet pipe and two support rods, wherein the main body is fixed in the protective shell, the ash bucket is arranged below the main body, the main body is communicated with the ash bucket, the two support rods are respectively fixed on two sides below the ash bucket, the air inlet pipe is arranged on one side of the main body, the air outlet pipe is arranged above the main body, the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are both communicated with the main body, a control panel is fixed on the protective shell, a P L C is arranged in the control panel, the cyclone dust removal equipment also comprises a cleaning mechanism and two vacuum mechanisms, the cleaning mechanism is arranged in the main body, the two vacuum mechanisms are respectively arranged on two sides of the protective shell;
the vacuum mechanism comprises an inflator, a piston, an air cylinder, a first connecting pipe and a second connecting pipe, the inflator is fixed on the protective shell, one side of the inflator is communicated with the inside of the protective shell through the first connecting pipe, the other side of the inflator is communicated with the second connecting pipe, the piston is arranged inside the inflator, the piston is hermetically connected with the inner wall of the inflator, a cylinder body of the air cylinder is vertically fixed above the inflator, a round hole is formed in the upper portion of the inflator, an air rod of the air cylinder penetrates through the round hole to be connected with the upper portion of the piston, the upper portion of the piston is connected with the cleaning mechanism, valves are arranged in the first connecting pipe and the second connecting pipe, and the valves and the air cylinder are electrically connected with a P L C;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a connecting assembly, a first bearing, a rotating shaft, a first gear, two transmission assemblies and two cleaning assemblies, wherein the first bearing is fixed at the top in the main body, two ends of the rotating shaft are fixedly connected with an inner ring of the first bearing and the first gear respectively, the two transmission assemblies are symmetrically arranged about the axis of the first gear, the transmission assemblies are connected with the first gear, the connecting assembly is connected with the upper part of the piston, the connecting assembly is connected with the transmission assemblies, the cleaning assemblies are arranged below the first gear, and the two cleaning assemblies are symmetrically arranged about the axis of the first gear;
the cleaning assembly comprises a connecting rod and a scraper, the connecting rod is L-shaped, one end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the lower portion of the first gear, the other end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with one side of the scraper, and the other side of the scraper abuts against the inner wall of the main body.
Preferably, in order to drive the first gear to rotate, the transmission assembly comprises a second bearing, a transmission shaft, a second gear and a worm wheel, the second bearing is fixed at the top in the main body, two ends of the transmission shaft are respectively fixedly connected with an inner ring of the second bearing and the second gear, the first gear is meshed with the second gear, the worm wheel is fixed on the transmission shaft, and the worm wheel is connected with the connecting assembly.
As preferred, in order to make the worm wheel rotate, coupling assembling includes worm, two third bearings and two coupling unit, the both sides of main part all are equipped with the through-hole, two through-holes settings are passed respectively at the outside of main part at the both ends of worm, the both ends of worm are connected with two coupling unit respectively, coupling unit and piston one-to-one, coupling unit and piston connection, the third bearing is fixed on one side of main part that is close to the through-hole, the inner circle fixed connection of worm and third bearing, the worm wheel and worm meshing.
As preferred, for driving the worm and rotate, the linkage unit is including connecting gear, rack, act as go-between and first spring, the both ends of worm are connected gear fixed connection with two respectively, the vertical inside that sets up at the protective housing of rack, connect gear and rack toothing, the both ends of first spring are connected with the top of the top in the protective housing and rack respectively, the one end of acting as go-between and the bottom fixed connection of rack, one side that is close to the protective housing of inflator and one side that is close to the inflator of protective housing all are equipped with the aperture, the other end of acting as go-between passes two apertures and the top fixed connection of piston in proper order.
Preferably, in order to change the direction of the pull wire, the connecting unit further comprises two fixed pulleys, wherein one fixed pulley is fixed on the inner wall of the protective shell on the side close to the small hole, the other fixed pulley is fixed on the top in the air cylinder, and one end of the pull wire far away from the rack sequentially bypasses the two fixed pulleys to be fixedly connected with the upper part of the piston.
Preferably, in order to limit the moving direction of the rack, the connecting unit further comprises a guide rod and a fixing plate, a through hole is formed in the rack, the guide rod is vertically fixed to the top of the protective shell, the bottom end of the guide rod penetrates through the through hole to be fixedly connected with the fixing plate, and the rack is connected with the through hole in a sliding mode.
As preferred, can not take place to rotate when moving in order to prevent that the rack from reciprocating, it is evenly fixed with the sand grip still to go back circumference on the guide bar, be equipped with a plurality of recesses on the perforation, the quantity of sand grip equals with the quantity of recess, sand grip and recess one-to-one, the sand grip sets up the inside at the recess, sand grip and recess sliding connection.
Preferably, the material for making the stay wire is nylon in order to extend the material for making the stay wire.
Preferably, the worm is coated with grease in order to make the worm wheel smoothly rotate.
Preferably, in order to control the operation of the equipment, the control board is provided with a key, and the key is electrically connected with the P L C.
The cyclone dust removal equipment with the noise reduction function for waste gas treatment has the advantages that air is pumped into the protective shell through the vacuum mechanism, so that the air quantity in the protective shell is reduced, sound propagation media are reduced, the sound emitted by the cyclone dust collector is reduced, the noise reduction function is realized, impurity dust adhered to the inner wall of the main body is scraped off through the cleaning mechanism, manual cleaning is not needed, the cleaning convenience is improved, compared with the existing cleaning mechanism, the cleaning mechanism and the vacuum mechanism are integrated into a linkage mechanism, the inner wall of the main body can be cleaned while noise reduction is realized, and the practicability is higher.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the construction of a cyclone dust collecting apparatus having a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing a coupling structure of a rack bar and a guide bar of a cyclone dust collecting apparatus having a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to the present invention;
in the figure: 1. the main body, 2, an ash bucket, 3, a support rod, 4, a protective shell, 5, an air cylinder, 6, an air cylinder, 7, a piston, 8, a first connecting pipe, 9, a second connecting pipe, 10, a pull wire, 11, a fixed pulley, 12, a rack, 13, a first spring, 14, a connecting gear, 15, a worm, 16, a worm wheel, 17, a transmission shaft, 18, a second gear, 19, a first gear, 20, a rotating shaft, 21, a connecting rod, 22, a scraper, 23, a guide rod, 24, a convex strip and 25 are arranged on the main body.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, a cyclone dust removing device with a noise reduction function for waste gas treatment comprises a main body 1, an ash bucket 2, a protective shell 4, an air inlet pipe, an air outlet pipe and two support rods 3, wherein the main body 1 is fixed inside the protective shell 4, the ash bucket 2 is arranged below the main body 1, the main body 1 is communicated with the ash bucket 2, the two support rods 3 are respectively fixed on two sides below the ash bucket 2, the air inlet pipe is arranged on one side of the main body 1, the air outlet pipe is arranged above the main body 1, the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are both communicated with the main body 1, a control panel is fixed on the protective shell 4, a P L C is arranged in the control panel, the cyclone dust removing device also comprises a cleaning mechanism and two vacuum mechanisms, the cleaning mechanism is arranged inside the main body 1, the two vacuum mechanisms are respectively arranged on two sides of the protective shell 4;
p L C, a programmable logic controller, which employs a programmable memory of a type for storing therein a program for executing user-oriented instructions such as logical operations, sequence control, timing, counting, and arithmetic operations, and controlling various types of machines or production processes by digital or analog input/output, is essentially a computer dedicated to industrial control, whose hardware configuration is substantially the same as that of a microcomputer, and is generally used for data processing and instruction reception and output for realizing central control.
This a cyclone dust collecting equipment for exhaust-gas treatment with noise reduction function passes through vacuum mechanism, bleeds in to protective housing 4 to reduced the air volume in the protective housing 4, reduced the propagation medium of sound, thereby reduced the sound that cyclone sent, realized the function of making an uproar, through clean mechanism, scrape the impurity dust of adhesion on 1 inner wall of main part, need not artificial clearance, improved clear convenience.
As shown in fig. 1, the vacuum mechanism comprises an air cylinder 6, a piston 7, an air cylinder 5, a first connecting pipe 8 and a second connecting pipe 9, the air cylinder 6 is fixed on the protective shell 4, one side of the air cylinder 6 is communicated with the interior of the protective shell 4 through the first connecting pipe 8, the other side of the air cylinder 6 is communicated with the second connecting pipe 9, the piston 7 is arranged in the air cylinder 6, the piston 7 is hermetically connected with the inner wall of the air cylinder 6, the cylinder body of the air cylinder 5 is vertically fixed above the air cylinder 6, a round hole is arranged above the air cylinder 6, the air rod of the air cylinder 5 passes through the round hole to be connected with the upper part of the piston 7, the upper part of the piston 7 is connected with the cleaning mechanism, valves are arranged in the first connecting pipe 8 and the second connecting pipe 9, and the valves and the air cylinder 5 are electrically connected with P L C;
when the waste gas treatment work is carried out, the control cylinder 5 is started, so that the air rod extends or contracts back and forth, the piston 7 is driven to move up and down in the air cylinder 6, air in the protective shell 4 is led into the air cylinder 6 through the first connecting pipe 8, and then the air in the air cylinder 6 is discharged through the second connecting pipe 9, so that air in the protective shell 4 is reduced, propagation media are reduced, noise generated by the cyclone dust collector is reduced, the noise reduction function is realized, and the piston 7 can also drive the cleaning mechanism to work when moving, so that the cleaning function is realized.
As shown in fig. 1-2, the cleaning mechanism includes a connecting assembly, a first bearing, a rotating shaft 20, a first gear 19, two transmission assemblies and two cleaning assemblies, the first bearing is fixed on the top of the main body 1, two ends of the rotating shaft 20 are respectively fixedly connected with an inner ring of the first bearing and the first gear 19, the two transmission assemblies are symmetrically arranged about the axis of the first gear 19, the transmission assemblies are connected with the first gear 19, the connecting assembly is connected with the upper part of the piston 7, the connecting assembly is connected with the transmission assemblies, the cleaning assemblies are arranged below the first gear 19, and the two cleaning assemblies are symmetrically arranged about the axis of the first gear 19;
the cleaning assembly comprises a connecting rod 21 and a scraper 22, wherein the connecting rod 21 is L-shaped, one end of the connecting rod 21 is fixedly connected with the lower part of the first gear 19, the other end of the connecting rod 21 is fixedly connected with one side of the scraper 22, and the other side of the scraper 22 is abutted against the inner wall of the main body 1.
When piston 7 reciprocated, drive coupling assembling work for transmission assembly work, thereby can drive first gear 19 and rotate, drive scraper blade 22 through connecting rod 21 and rotate, make scraper blade 22 scrape the dust of adhesion on 1 inner wall of main part, thereby realized clear function, need not artificial clearance, thereby improved the convenience of clearance.
Preferably, in order to drive the first gear 19 to rotate, the transmission assembly comprises a second bearing, a transmission shaft 17, a second gear 18 and a worm wheel 16, the second bearing is fixed at the top of the main body 1, two ends of the transmission shaft 17 are respectively and fixedly connected with an inner ring of the second bearing and the second gear 18, the first gear 19 is meshed with the second gear 18, the worm wheel 16 is fixed on the transmission shaft 17, and the worm wheel 16 is connected with the connecting assembly.
Preferably, in order to enable the worm wheel 16 to rotate, the connecting assembly comprises a worm 15, two third bearings and two connecting units, through holes are formed in two sides of the main body 1, two ends of the worm 15 penetrate through the two through holes respectively and are arranged outside the main body 1, two ends of the worm 15 are connected with the two connecting units respectively, the connecting units correspond to the pistons 7 one by one, the connecting units are connected with the pistons 7, the third bearings are fixed on one side, close to the through holes, of the main body 1, the worm 15 is fixedly connected with the inner rings of the third bearings, and the worm wheel 16 is meshed with the worm 15.
Preferably, in order to drive the worm 15 to rotate, the connecting unit comprises a connecting gear 14, a rack 12, a pull wire 10 and a first spring 13, two ends of the worm 15 are respectively and fixedly connected with the two connecting gears 14, the rack 12 is vertically arranged inside the protective shell 4, the connecting gear 14 is meshed with the rack 12, two ends of the first spring 13 are respectively connected with the top inside the protective shell 4 and the top end of the rack 12, one end of the pull wire 10 is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the rack 12, one side of the inflator 6 close to the protective shell 4 and one side of the protective shell 4 close to the inflator 6 are both provided with small holes, and the other end of the pull wire 10 sequentially penetrates through the two small holes to be fixedly connected with the upper portion of the piston 7.
As shown in fig. 3, the connecting unit further comprises two fixed pulleys 11, wherein one fixed pulley 11 is fixed on the inner wall of the protective shell 4 on the side close to the small hole, the other fixed pulley 11 is fixed on the top of the cylinder 6, and one end of the pull wire 10 far away from the rack 12 sequentially passes around the two fixed pulleys 11 to be fixedly connected with the upper part of the piston 7.
When the piston 7 moves downward in the cylinder 6, the rack gear 12 is moved downward by the connecting wire, the first spring 13 is stretched, the connecting gear 14 is rotated by the engagement of the rack gear 12 with the connecting gear 14, when the piston 7 moves upward in the cylinder 6, the rack 12 is moved upward by the restoring force of the first spring 13, thereby rotating the connecting gear 14, realizing the back-and-forth rotation of the connecting gear 14, driving the worm 15 to rotate back and forth, rotating the transmission shaft 17 through the engagement of the worm 15 and the worm wheel 16, thereby driving the second gear 18 to rotate back and forth, and through the meshing of the first gear 19 and the second gear 18, the first gear 19 rotates back and forth, thereby driving the scraper 22 to rotate back and forth through the connecting rod 21, so that the scraper 22 scrapes off dust adhered to the inner wall of the main body 1, thereby realizing a cleaning function.
As shown in fig. 4, the connection unit further includes a guide rod 23 and a fixing plate, a through hole is formed in the rack 12, the guide rod 23 is vertically fixed at the top of the protective shell 4, the bottom end of the guide rod 23 penetrates through the through hole to be fixedly connected with the fixing plate, and the rack 12 is slidably connected with the through hole.
Preferably, in order to prevent that rack 12 from not rotating when reciprocating, go back the circumference evenly being fixed with sand grip 24 on the guide bar 23, be equipped with a plurality of recesses on the perforation, the quantity of sand grip 24 equals with the quantity of recess, sand grip 24 and recess one-to-one, sand grip 24 sets up the inside at the recess, sand grip 24 and recess sliding connection.
Through setting up guide bar 23, restricted the moving direction of rack 12, when rack 12 is reciprocating along guide bar 23, the sand grip 24 on guide bar 23 inlays in the recess of rack 12 all the time to make rack 12 can not take place to rotate when reciprocating, thereby improved the stability when rack 12 removes, prevent rack 12 slope, influence the meshing of connecting gear 14 and rack 12.
Preferably, in order to extend the material of the stay wire 10, the material of the stay wire 10 is nylon.
Preferably, in order to make the worm wheel 16 smoothly rotate, the worm 15 is coated with grease, so that the friction between the worm 15 and the worm wheel 16 is reduced, and the smoothness of the rotation of the worm wheel 16 is improved.
Preferably, in order to control the operation of the equipment, a key 25 is arranged on the control board, and the key 25 is electrically connected with the P L C.
By arranging the keys 25, the device can be controlled to work, thereby improving the intelligent degree of the device.
When the waste gas treatment work is carried out, the control cylinder 5 is started, so that the air rod extends or contracts back and forth, the piston 7 is driven to move up and down in the air cylinder 6, the air in the protective shell 4 is guided into the air cylinder 6 through the first connecting pipe 8 and is exhausted out of the air cylinder 6 through the second connecting pipe 9, the air in the protective shell 4 is reduced, the propagation medium is reduced, the noise generated by the cyclone dust collector is reduced, and the noise reduction function is realized, when the piston 7 moves down in the air cylinder 6, the rack 12 is driven to move down through the connecting line, the first spring 13 is stretched, the connecting gear 14 is driven to rotate through the meshing of the rack 12 and the connecting gear 14, when the piston 7 moves up in the air cylinder 6, the rack 12 is driven to move up through the restoring force of the first spring 13, so that the connecting gear 14 rotates, the rotation of connecting gear 14 round trip has been realized to can drive worm 15 round trip rotation, through the meshing of worm 15 and worm wheel 16, make transmission shaft 17 rotate, thereby drive the rotation that second gear 18 made a round trip, through the meshing of first gear 19 with second gear 18, make the rotation that first gear 19 made a round trip, thereby drive the rotation that scraper blade 22 made a round trip through connecting rod 21, thereby make scraper blade 22 scrape the dust of adhesion on main part 1 inner wall and fall, thereby realized clear function.
Compared with the prior art, this a cyclone dust collecting equipment who is used for exhaust-gas treatment and has noise reduction function passes through vacuum mechanism, to bleeding in the protective housing 4, thereby the air volume in the protective housing 4 has been reduced, the propagation medium of sound has been reduced, thereby the sound that cyclone sent has been reduced, the function of making an uproar falls has been realized, through clean mechanism, scrape the impurity dust of adhesion on the inner wall of main part 1, need not artificial clearance, the clear convenience has been improved, compare with current clean mechanism, this clean mechanism and vacuum mechanism link gear as an organic whole, still can clear up the inner wall of main part 1 when realizing making an uproar, the practicality is higher.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, many modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The cyclone dust removal equipment with the noise reduction function for waste gas treatment comprises a main body (1), an ash bucket (2), a protective shell (4), an air inlet pipe, an air outlet pipe and two support rods (3), wherein the main body (1) is fixed inside the protective shell (4), the ash bucket (2) is arranged below the main body (1), the main body (1) is communicated with the ash bucket (2), the two support rods (3) are respectively fixed on two sides below the ash bucket (2), the air inlet pipe is arranged on one side of the main body (1), the air outlet pipe is arranged above the main body (1), the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are both communicated with the main body (1), a control panel is fixed on the protective shell (4), and a P L C is arranged in the control panel;
the vacuum mechanism comprises an air cylinder (6), a piston (7), an air cylinder (5), a first connecting pipe (8) and a second connecting pipe (9), the air cylinder (6) is fixed on a protective shell (4), one side of the air cylinder (6) is communicated with the interior of the protective shell (4) through the first connecting pipe (8), the other side of the air cylinder (6) is communicated with the second connecting pipe (9), the piston (7) is arranged in the air cylinder (6), the piston (7) is connected with the inner wall of the air cylinder (6) in a sealing manner, the cylinder body of the air cylinder (5) is vertically fixed above the air cylinder (6), a round hole is formed in the upper part of the air cylinder (6), an air rod of the air cylinder (5) penetrates through the round hole to be connected with the upper part of the piston (7), the upper part of the piston (7) is connected with a cleaning mechanism, valves are arranged in the first connecting pipe (8) and the second connecting pipe (9), and the valves and the air cylinder (5) are electrically connected with a P L C;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a connecting assembly, a first bearing, a rotating shaft (20), a first gear (19), two transmission assemblies and two cleaning assemblies, wherein the first bearing is fixed at the top in the main body (1), two ends of the rotating shaft (20) are fixedly connected with an inner ring of the first bearing and the first gear (19) respectively, the two transmission assemblies are symmetrically arranged relative to the axis of the first gear (19), the transmission assemblies are connected with the first gear (19), the connecting assembly is connected with the upper part of the piston (7), the connecting assembly is connected with the transmission assemblies, the cleaning assemblies are arranged below the first gear (19), and the two cleaning assemblies are symmetrically arranged relative to the axis of the first gear (19);
the cleaning assembly comprises a connecting rod (21) and a scraper (22), the connecting rod (21) is L-shaped, one end of the connecting rod (21) is fixedly connected with the lower portion of the first gear (19), the other end of the connecting rod (21) is fixedly connected with one side of the scraper (22), and the other side of the scraper (22) abuts against the inner wall of the main body (1).
2. The cyclone dust removing apparatus having a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein the transmission assembly comprises a second bearing fixed at the top inside the main body (1), a transmission shaft (17), a second gear (18) and a worm wheel (16), both ends of the transmission shaft (17) are fixedly connected with an inner ring of the second bearing and the second gear (18), respectively, the first gear (19) is engaged with the second gear (18), the worm wheel (16) is fixed on the transmission shaft (17), and the worm wheel (16) is connected with the connection assembly.
3. The cyclone dust collecting apparatus with a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 2, wherein the connection assembly comprises a worm (15), two third bearings and two connection units, both sides of the main body (1) are provided with through holes, both ends of the worm (15) are respectively disposed outside the main body (1) through the two through holes, both ends of the worm (15) are respectively connected with the two connection units, the connection units are in one-to-one correspondence with the pistons (7), the connection units are connected with the pistons (7), the third bearings are fixed on one side of the main body (1) near the through holes, the worm (15) is fixedly connected with an inner ring of the third bearings, and the worm wheel (16) is engaged with the worm (15).
4. The cyclone dust collecting apparatus having a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment as set forth in claim 3, characterized in that the connecting unit comprises a connecting gear (14), a rack (12), a pull wire (10) and a first spring (13), two ends of the worm (15) are respectively fixedly connected with two connecting gears (14), the rack (12) is vertically arranged in the protective shell (4), the connecting gear (14) is meshed with the rack (12), two ends of the first spring (13) are respectively connected with the top in the protective shell (4) and the top end of the rack (12), one end of the pull wire (10) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the rack (12), one side of the inflator (6) close to the protective shell (4) and one side of the protective shell (4) close to the inflator (6) are both provided with small holes, the other end of the pull wire (10) sequentially penetrates through the two small holes to be fixedly connected with the upper part of the piston (7).
5. The cyclone dust removing apparatus with a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 4, wherein the connection unit further comprises two fixed pulleys (11), one fixed pulley (11) is fixed on the inner wall of the side of the protective case (4) near the small hole, the other fixed pulley (11) is fixed on the top inside the cylinder (6), and one end of the pull wire (10) far from the rack (12) is fixedly connected with the upper side of the piston (7) by passing through the two fixed pulleys (11) in sequence.
6. The cyclone dust removing apparatus with a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 5, wherein the connection unit further comprises a guide rod (23) and a fixing plate, the rack (12) is provided with a through hole, the guide rod (23) is vertically fixed at the top inside the protective casing (4), the bottom end of the guide rod (23) passes through the through hole to be fixedly connected with the fixing plate, and the rack (12) is slidably connected with the through hole.
7. The cyclone dust removing apparatus with noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 6, wherein the guide bar (23) is further circumferentially and uniformly fixed with ribs (24), the perforation is provided with a plurality of grooves, the number of the ribs (24) is equal to the number of the grooves, the ribs (24) correspond to the grooves one by one, the ribs (24) are arranged inside the grooves, and the ribs (24) are slidably connected with the grooves.
8. The cyclone dust collecting apparatus having a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 4, wherein the wire (10) is made of nylon.
9. The cyclone dust collecting apparatus with a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 3, wherein the worm screw (15) is coated with grease.
10. The cyclone dust collecting apparatus with a noise reduction function for exhaust gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein the control panel is provided with a button (25), and the button (25) is electrically connected with P L C.
CN202010222445.XA 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Cyclone dust removal equipment with noise reduction function for waste gas treatment Withdrawn CN111389604A (en)

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