CN111345483B - Rotary garlic clove separating device - Google Patents

Rotary garlic clove separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111345483B
CN111345483B CN202010213251.3A CN202010213251A CN111345483B CN 111345483 B CN111345483 B CN 111345483B CN 202010213251 A CN202010213251 A CN 202010213251A CN 111345483 B CN111345483 B CN 111345483B
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garlic
conveying
unit
assembly
component
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CN111345483A (en
Inventor
周小伟
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Fuyang Bainde New Material Technology Co ltd
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Fuyang Bainde New Material Technology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs

Abstract

The invention relates to a rotary garlic clove separating device, which comprises: the sequencing input mechanism comprises a sequencing feeding assembly, a supporting table and a conveying assembly, wherein a slot is formed in the center of the output end of the supporting table along the length direction of the supporting table; the garlic conducting mechanism comprises a conveying assembly and a first guide assembly; the rubbing mechanism comprises a support frame and two groups of rubbing components symmetrically arranged on the support frame, a rubbing space is formed between the two groups of rubbing components, and the ejection component is in matched transmission with the rubbing components; the garlic clove separating mechanism comprises a turnover component for driving garlic on the conveying component to rotate and separate garlic cloves and a garlic root falling component matched with the turnover component for driving garlic roots on the conveying component to automatically fall off; the garlic root fixing device solves the technical problems that the end part of the fixing fine needle is of an inverted hook type, so that garlic roots are fixed, but the roots are inconvenient to detach, the fixing fine needle is easy to damage, and the service life of the fixing fine needle is shortened.

Description

Rotary garlic clove separating device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garlic, in particular to a rotary garlic clove separating device.
Background
The garlic is called garlic bulb, can be eaten or seasoned, can also be used as medicine, has certain anticancer effect, is popular among people, so the demand of the garlic bulb is increasing day by day, the garlic bulb is required to be subjected to proper splitting treatment no matter the garlic bulb is produced and processed or is cultivated, the garlic splitting at the present stage is separated from manual work, a special garlic splitting machine is generally adopted for splitting, but most of the existing splitting equipment adopts a rotary disc type splitting machine, the garlic is easily crushed in the splitting process, and the splitting effect is poor.
Patent No. CN201910550815X discloses a method for positioning garlic by inserting a fixed fine needle into garlic, then the garlic is rubbed, stirred and split by the rotation of the splitting wedge plates on the three splitting rollers, the garlic is kneaded and split by the rotation of the splitting wedge plates on the three splitting rollers, the garlic cannot be crushed, the splitting effect is good, the bottom of the splitting barrel is of an open structure, the blanking funnel is arranged at the bottom of the splitting barrel, the height of the blanking funnel is gradually increased from the middle to the edge, the middle position of the blanking funnel is provided with a garlic groove, the garlic collecting barrel is arranged at the central position of the bottom of the blanking funnel, and the garlic dropping device is correspondingly communicated with the garlic dropping groove, a plurality of supporting feet are arranged at the bottom of the dropping funnel at equal angles, a cushioning foot pad is arranged at the bottom end of each supporting foot, the connecting cylinder is arranged at the top of the split cylinder, the connecting cylinder and the split cylinder are coaxial, the diameter of the connecting cylinder is smaller than that of the split cylinder, and the guide hopper is arranged at the top of the connecting cylinder.
However, in the actual use process, the inventor finds that the end part of the fixing fine needle is of an inverted hook type, and then the root of the garlic is fixed, but the root is inconvenient to detach, and the fixing fine needle is easy to damage, so that the service life of the fixing fine needle is shortened.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the garlic clove kneading work is carried out by matching the garlic conducting mechanism with the kneading mechanism, and then the kneaded garlic is simply and centrifugally separated by the revolving component of the clove separating mechanism, so that the phenomenon that the garlic is cracked when the garlic collides with each other under severe vibration is avoided, the product quality is improved, and the garlic root is automatically dropped by the garlic root dropping component, so that the technical problems that the end part of the fixed thin needle is of an inverted hook type, the root of the garlic is fixed, the root is inconvenient to disassemble, the fixed thin needle is easily damaged, and the service life of the fixed thin needle is shortened are solved.
Aiming at the technical problems, the technical scheme is as follows: a rotary garlic clove separating device, comprising:
the sorting input mechanism comprises a sorting feeding assembly, a supporting table arranged at the output end of the sorting feeding assembly and two groups of conveying assemblies arranged on two sides of the supporting table in a pair mode, and a slot is formed in the center of the output end of the supporting table along the length direction of the supporting table;
the garlic transmission mechanism comprises a transmission component arranged below the support table and a first guide component which is arranged on the sequencing input mechanism and used for guiding and transmitting the transmission component;
the rubbing mechanism comprises a support frame and two groups of rubbing components symmetrically arranged on the support frame, a rubbing space is formed between the two groups of rubbing components, and the conveying component is in matched transmission with the rubbing space;
the garlic clove separating mechanism comprises an epicyclic component for driving garlic on the conveying component to rotate and separate garlic cloves and a garlic root falling component which is matched with the garlic root on the driving conveying component to automatically fall off.
Preferably, the sequencing feeding assembly comprises a vibrator and an output platform arranged at the output end of the vibrator;
a limiting plate is arranged above the output table, the vertical distance between the limiting plate and the output table is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is larger than H1 and H2.
Preferably, the conveying assembly comprises a rack, a rotating wheel unit a, a rotating wheel unit b and a rotating wheel unit c, wherein the rotating wheel unit a is rotatably arranged on the rack and is positioned at the input end of the supporting table;
a belt between the rotating wheel unit b and the rotating wheel unit c is parallel to the length direction of the supporting table; along the garlic conveying direction, the vertical distance between the belt between the rotating wheel unit a and the rotating wheel unit b and the center line on the width of the supporting platform is gradually reduced;
the conveying assembly is provided with hooping parts along the transmission direction, the two groups of hooping parts are correspondingly provided with parts matched with the garlic structure, each hooping part comprises a groove which penetrates through the belt in the vertical direction, and the grooves are arranged in a plurality of groups at equal intervals along the length direction of the belt; the groove is of an arc-shaped structure.
Preferably, the conveying assembly comprises a chain wheel and chain unit and a plurality of groups of thimble pieces which are arranged on the chain wheel and chain unit and are arranged at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the chain wheel and chain unit;
the thimble element comprises a mounting seat, a base a fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, a telescopic unit b with the lower end fixedly connected with the base a, a base b fixedly connected with the upper end of the telescopic unit b and a needle rotatably arranged on the base b;
the telescopic unit b comprises a telescopic rod b and a compression spring b sleeved outside the telescopic rod b.
Preferably, the thimble piece is further provided with a positioning piece, the positioning piece comprises a connecting seat fixedly connected with the mounting seat and in a side-standing concave structure, and a balloon mounted on the connecting seat, and the center of the balloon and the axial center of the puncture needle are linearly arranged along the same vertical direction.
Preferably, the first guide assembly comprises a control column which is arranged on the side wall of the base b and the end part of the control column is of a spherical structure, and an adjusting track which is arranged on the conveying assembly a and is obliquely and upwards arranged along the conveying direction of the supporting table, and the control column is matched and slides in the adjusting track;
the output end of the adjusting track is a leveling part which horizontally extends to the output end of the turnover assembly.
Preferably, the rubbing assembly comprises a rectangular frame, a rolling shaft arranged in the rectangular frame in a vertically rotating mode through a bearing and a plurality of groups of rolling shafts arranged in the rectangular frame at equal intervals along the length direction of the rectangular frame, a driving shaft coaxially and fixedly connected with the lower end of the rolling shaft, and gears a coaxially and fixedly connected with the lower end of the driving shaft, wherein the adjacent two groups of gears a are meshed to form transmission.
Preferably, the two groups of rubbing assemblies are driven by a driving assembly to synchronously rotate in a belt transmission mode, and the driving assembly comprises a rotating motor which is arranged on the supporting frame through a motor frame and the output end of the rotating motor is vertically and upwards arranged.
Preferably, the turnover assembly comprises a gear b and a horizontal rack, the gear b is coaxially and fixedly connected with the pricking pin, the horizontal rack is meshed with the gear b, the rack is arranged on the conveying assembly, a containing box body is sleeved outside part of the thimble pieces, and openings matched with the thimble pieces are formed in the input end and the output end of the thimble pieces of the containing box body.
Preferably, the garlic root peeling assembly comprises a second guide assembly which is arranged on the conveying assembly and is matched with the garlic root on the driving conveying assembly to automatically peel off, and a garlic root collecting box which is arranged on the conveying assembly and is positioned below the second guide assembly;
the second direction subassembly includes that two sets of symmetries set up the material track that pushes away of conveying subassembly both sides, should push away the material track and pass through mounting bracket a installation fixed, push away the material track include the feeding portion and with the material portion that takes off of feeding portion rounding off connection, take off material portion from conveying subassembly to a supporting bench direction slope and set up downwards, two sets of it forms the material space that takes off of garlic root to push away between the material track.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the garlic clove separating machine, the garlic conveying mechanism is matched with the kneading mechanism to knead garlic cloves, and the simple centrifugal garlic clove separating work is carried out on the kneaded garlic through the revolving assembly of the garlic clove separating mechanism, so that the phenomenon that the garlic is cracked when the garlic collides with each other under severe vibration is avoided, the product quality is improved, the garlic roots automatically fall off through the garlic root falling assembly, the whole production line is high in automation degree, continuous production output is realized, the working efficiency is high, and the yield and the product quality are high;
(2) according to the garlic clove separating device, the positioning piece is arranged, so that the pricking needle of the thimble piece penetrates and is inserted into garlic and directly inserted into the balloon, the garlic is located between the balloon and the limiting support seat, the balloon has a limiting effect on the upper part of the garlic, the garlic is prevented from being thrown out under the rotary garlic clove separating work, and the garlic is stably separated;
(3) according to the garlic clove separating device, the first guide assembly is arranged, the guide needle is inserted into garlic and the ball bag along the vertical direction, the garlic is always limited by the ball bag above through the guide of the leveling part, after the garlic is separated into cloves, the garlic is reset to drop off, the garlic root dropping device is tightly connected in work, and continuous production is realized;
(4) according to the garlic clove separating machine, the driving assembly is arranged to drive the gear a of the kneading assembly to rotate, so that the adjacent rolling shafts rotate reversely, garlic is extruded by the rolling shafts on the two sides in the transmission process, the kneading effect is good, and meanwhile, the garlic clove separating machine is beneficial to the later-stage quick clove separating work.
In conclusion, the garlic clove separating device has the advantages of simple structure and automatic clove separating, and is particularly suitable for the technical field of garlic.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a rotary garlic clove separating device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the sequencing feeding assembly.
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a sequencing feed assembly.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the conveying assembly.
Fig. 5 is a first schematic top view of the conveying assembly.
Fig. 6 is a second schematic top view of the conveying assembly.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a support stage.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the transfer assembly and the turnaround assembly.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the transfer assembly.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged partial schematic view at a of fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a positioning member.
Fig. 12 is a first schematic transmission diagram of the transmission assembly.
Fig. 13 is a second schematic transmission diagram of the transfer assembly.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the kneading mechanism.
Fig. 15 is a schematic sectional view of the kneading mechanism.
Fig. 16 is a schematic top view of the kneading mechanism.
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of a garlic root peeling assembly.
FIG. 18 is a top view of the garlic root peeling assembly.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of the split mechanism.
Fig. 20 is a schematic transmission diagram of the split mechanism.
Figure 21 is a schematic diagram of the construction of the epicyclic assembly.
Figure 22 is a schematic drive diagram of an epicyclic assembly.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely explained by combining the attached drawings.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, a rotary garlic clove separating device includes:
the sorting input mechanism 1 comprises a sorting feeding component 11, a supporting table 12 arranged at the output end of the sorting feeding component 11, and two groups of conveying components 13 arranged at two sides of the supporting table 12 in a paired manner, wherein the center of the output end of the supporting table 12 is provided with a slot 121 along the length direction;
the garlic conducting mechanism 2 comprises a conveying component 21 arranged below the supporting table 12 and a first guiding component 22 which is arranged on the sequencing input mechanism 1 and guides and conveys the conveying component 21;
the kneading mechanism 3 comprises a support frame 31 and two groups of kneading components 32 symmetrically arranged on the support frame 31, a kneading space 30 is formed between the two groups of kneading components 32, and the conveying component 21 is in matched transmission with the kneading space 30;
a splitting mechanism 4, the splitting mechanism 4 comprises a revolving component 41 for driving the garlic 10 on the conveying component 21 to split rotationally and a garlic root stripping component 42 matched with the garlic root 20 on the conveying component 21 to automatically strip.
In this embodiment, rub mechanism 3 through setting up the cooperation of garlic conduction mechanism 2, rub the work with the garlic clove, simple and easy centrifugation split work is carried out to the garlic after rethread split mechanism 4's turnover subassembly 41 will be rubbed, thereby can not cause and acutely vibrate the cracked phenomenon of garlic under the mutual collision down, improve product quality, and drop the automation that subassembly 42 realized garlic root 20 through the garlic root and drop, whole production line automation degree is high, the continuity production output, work efficiency is high, high output product quality is high.
Further, as shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the sequencing and feeding assembly 11 includes a vibrator 111 and an output platform 112 disposed at an output end of the vibrator 111;
a limiting plate 113 is arranged above the output table 112, the vertical distance between the limiting plate 113 and the output table 112 is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic 10 is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is greater than H1 and H2.
In this embodiment, through the low frequency vibrations that set up vibrations machine 111 for the great garlic 10 chassis of focus is down, and cooperation limiting plate 113 ensures that the garlic head of garlic 10 sets up upwards, and then guarantees that garlic 10 is orderly in proper order to export backward, is favorable to later stage conveying assembly 21 to carry out the work of pricking hole at garlic 10 center.
It should be noted that by arranging the sorting and feeding assembly 11, the garlic bulbs are all driven to be conveyed backwards in an upward order, and the garlic bulbs are pushed forwards by the two sets of driving forward mechanisms to position the garlic bulbs 10 in the centers of the grooves.
In addition, the garlic 10 in the inclined state is limited by the limit plate 113 through H3 & gtH 1 & gtH 2, and each garlic 10 is ensured to be in a state that the garlic heads face upwards.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, 5, 6 and 7, the conveying assembly 13 includes a frame 131, a rotating wheel unit a132 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located at the input end of the supporting table 12, a rotating wheel unit b133 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located behind the rotating wheel unit a132 along the garlic conveying direction, and a rotating wheel unit c134 rotatably disposed on the frame 131 and located behind the rotating wheel unit b133 along the garlic conveying direction, wherein the rotating wheel unit a132, the rotating wheel unit b133 and the rotating wheel unit c134 are in transmission connection through a belt 135;
the belt 135 between the turning wheel unit b133 and the turning wheel unit c134 is parallel to the length direction of the support table 12; the vertical distance between the belt 135 between the rotating wheel units a132 and b133 and the middle line of the width of the supporting table 12 gradually decreases along the conveying direction of the garlic 10;
the conveying component 13 is provided with clamping parts 136 along the transmission direction thereof, and the corresponding arrangement parts of the two groups of clamping parts 136 are matched with the structure of the garlic 10, the clamping parts 136 comprise grooves 137 which are vertically arranged on the belt 135 in a penetrating manner, and the grooves 137 are arranged in a plurality of groups at equal intervals along the length direction of the belt 135; the grooves 137 are arranged in an arc structure.
In this embodiment, by providing the conveying assembly 13, the vertical distance between the belt 135 between the rotating wheel unit a132 and the rotating wheel unit b133 and the center line on the width of the supporting table 12 is gradually reduced, so that the two groups of belts form an outer splayed structure, which is beneficial for garlic 10 to rapidly enter the channel between the two groups of belts and be conveyed backwards together under the transmission of the belts; and then through the recess 137 of the cooperation cramping part 136 for garlic 10 receives the belt extrusion of both sides at the in-process that the passageway between the belt narrows down, makes it get into recess center department, and then is favorable to later stage conveying assembly 21 to prick the hole location work of garlic, and its precision is high, is difficult for the product substandard product.
It is worth mentioning that the device practicality is high, is favorable to carrying out accurate location to big garlic 10 that a specification differs, is located recess 137 center department all the time, can not take place the skew, rotates the horizontal part between round unit b133 and the rotation wheel unit c134 simultaneously, fixes a position and cramps garlic 10, makes it drive the synchronous conveying output of garlic not take place the skew simultaneously under the extrusion.
In addition, the grooves 137 are formed in an arc-shaped structure to be matched with the sides of the garlic 10.
Further, as shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, the conveying assembly 21 includes a sprocket chain unit 211 and a plurality of groups of ejector pins 212 mounted on the sprocket chain unit 211 and arranged at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the sprocket chain unit 211;
the thimble piece 212 comprises a mounting seat 213, a base a214 fixedly arranged on the mounting seat 213, a telescopic unit b215 with the lower end fixedly connected with the base a214, a base b216 fixedly connected with the upper end of the telescopic unit b215 and a pricking pin 217 rotatably arranged on the base b 216;
the telescopic unit b215 comprises a telescopic rod b2151 and a compression spring b2152 sleeved outside the telescopic rod b 2151.
In this embodiment, the control column 221 slides in the adjusting track 222, and drives the base b318 to lift upwards along with the guiding of the adjusting track 222, at this time, the garlic 10 to be conveyed is located in the inserting slot 211 of the supporting seat, and then the pricking pin 319 on the base b318 is inserted into the garlic 10 through the inserting slot 211, and the garlic is conveyed backwards along with the sprocket chain unit 211.
Further, as shown in fig. 11, 12 and 13, a positioning element 218 is further disposed on the needle-ejecting element 212, the positioning element 218 includes a connecting seat 2181 fixedly connected to the mounting seat 213 and having a side-standing concave structure, and a balloon 2182 mounted on the connecting seat 2181, and a center of the balloon 2182 and an axial center of the needle 217 are linearly disposed along the same vertical direction.
In this embodiment, by providing the positioning element 218, the pricking pin 319 of the thimble element 212 is inserted into the garlic 10 and inserted into the balloon 2182, the garlic 10 is located between the balloon 2182 and the limiting support seat 310, the balloon 2182 limits the upper part of the garlic 10, so as to prevent the garlic 10 from being thrown out under the operation of rotating and splitting, and the splitting operation is stable.
Further, as shown in fig. 13, the first guiding assembly 22 includes a control column 221 mounted on the side wall of the base b216 and having a spherical structure at the end portion thereof, and an adjusting rail 222 mounted on the conveying assembly 13a and having an inclined upward direction along the conveying direction of the supporting table 12, wherein the control column 221 is slidably fitted in the adjusting rail 222;
the output end of the adjustment track 222 is a flat-flat portion 223, which flat-flat portion 223 extends horizontally to the output end of the epicyclic assembly 41.
In this embodiment, by providing the first guiding assembly 22, the guiding needle 319 is inserted into the garlic 10 and the balloon 2182 in the vertical direction, and the flat part 223 is used for guiding to always ensure that the garlic 10 is limited by the upper balloon 2182, after the splitting operation is completed, the garlic root 20 is reset to drop, and the garlic root 20 is tightly linked and continuously produced.
Further, as shown in fig. 14, 15 and 16, the kneading assembly 32 includes a rectangular frame 321, a plurality of sets of rolling shafts 322 vertically and rotatably disposed in the rectangular frame 321 through bearings and disposed at equal intervals along the length direction of the rectangular frame 321, a driving shaft 323 coaxial and fixedly connected with the lower end of the rolling shafts 322, and a gear a324 coaxial and fixedly connected with the lower end of the driving shaft 323, and two adjacent sets of gears a324 are engaged to provide transmission.
In this embodiment, the gear a324 of the kneading assembly 32 is driven to rotate by the driving assembly 33, so that the adjacent rolling shafts 322 rotate reversely, and the garlic 10 in the transmission process is extruded by the rolling shafts 322 on both sides, so that the kneading effect is good, and the later-stage quick splitting work is facilitated.
It should be noted that the rolling shaft 322 is an elastic structure to avoid the garlic from being damaged too hard.
Further, as shown in fig. 14, the two sets of rubbing assemblies 32 are driven by a driving assembly 33 to rotate synchronously through a belt transmission manner, and the driving assembly 33 includes a rotating motor 331 installed on the supporting frame 31 through a motor frame and having an output end thereof arranged vertically upward.
Further, as shown in fig. 21 and 22, the revolving assembly 41 includes a gear b411 coaxially and fixedly connected to the needle 217 and a rack 412 horizontally disposed and engaged with the gear b411, the rack 412 is mounted on the conveying assembly 13, a receiving box 413 is partially sleeved on the needle 212, and the receiving box 413 is provided with an opening 414 matched with the needle 212 at both the input end and the output end of the needle 212.
In this embodiment, through the transmission that sets up turnover subassembly 41 cooperation sprocket chain unit 211 for gear b411 drives the synchronous rotation of pricking 217, and then the garlic 10 centrifugation after will kneading is rotatory, and the garlic 10 is automatic to fall into and accomodates in the box 413 and collect, replaces driven high speed centrifuge, avoids garlic 10 in high speed centrifugation split work, and collision each other causes the damage, forms phenomenons such as mashed garlic.
Example two
As shown in fig. 17, 18, 19 and 20, in which the same or corresponding components as in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, only the points of difference from the first embodiment will be described below for the sake of convenience. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that:
further, as shown in fig. 17, 18, 19 and 20, the garlic clove bud peeling unit 42 includes a second guide unit 421 mounted on the conveying unit 21 and cooperating with the driving conveying unit 21 to automatically peel off the garlic cloves 20, and a garlic clove collecting box 422 mounted on the conveying unit 21 and located under the second guide unit 421;
the second guiding component 421 includes two sets of symmetrical material pushing rails 423 arranged on two sides of the conveying component 21, the material pushing rails 423 are fixedly installed through a mounting frame a, the material pushing rails 423 include a feeding portion 424 and a material removing portion 425 in smooth transition connection with the feeding portion 424, the material removing portion 425 is obliquely and downwardly arranged from the conveying component 21 to the supporting table 12, and a material removing space 426 for garlic roots 20 is formed between the two sets of material pushing rails 423.
In this embodiment, the garlic roots 20 in transmission are automatically dropped into the garlic root collecting box 422 under the guidance of the pushing rails 423 to be collected by arranging the second guiding assembly 421, the two sets of pushing rails 423 play a role in dropping the jaws of the garlic roots 20 downwards, and after the garlic roots 20 are dropped, the pricking needle 217 is automatically reset under the elasticity of the telescopic unit b215, so that the garlic root dropping assembly 42 can be recycled, the use efficiency of the mechanism is improved, and the degree of automation is high.
The working process is as follows:
firstly, garlic 10 is poured into a vibrator 111, garlic heads of the garlic 10 are upward and sequentially enter an output table 112 under the vibration of the vibrator 111, then the garlic is orderly pushed to a support table 12, the garlic 10 is extruded and pushed backwards by two groups of belts 135, the two groups of belts 135 are gradually closed, and the garlic enters the center of a groove 137 and is synchronously and backwards conveyed along with the driving of a conveying assembly 13;
then, the control column 221 slides in the adjusting track 222, and drives the base b216 to lift upwards along with the guiding of the adjusting track 222, at this time, the kneaded garlic 10 is located in the inserting slot 211 of the supporting base, then the needle 217 on the base b216 penetrates through the inserting slot 211 to be inserted into the garlic 10, and the garlic 10 is conveyed backwards along with the sprocket chain unit 211;
then, the garlic 10 enters the kneading space 30, and after being rolled by the two kneading assemblies 32, natural kneading work is performed;
then, the gear b411 drives the pricking needle 217 to rotate synchronously under the driving of the rack, so that the kneaded garlic 10 is rotated centrifugally, and the garlic 10 automatically falls into the containing box 413 to be collected;
finally, the garlic root 20 is driven into the material stripping space 426 along with the needle 217, the garlic root 20 automatically falls into the garlic root collecting box 422 under the guidance of the material pushing track 423, and the needle 217 is automatically reset along with the telescopic unit b215 after leaving the material pushing track 423.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "front-back", "left-right", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or component must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Of course, in this disclosure, those skilled in the art will understand that the terms "a" and "an" should be interpreted as "at least one" or "one or more," i.e., in one embodiment, a number of an element may be one, and in another embodiment, a number of the element may be plural, and the terms "a" and "an" should not be interpreted as limiting the number.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily made by those skilled in the art in light of the technical teaching of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. A rotary garlic clove separating device, comprising:
the sorting input mechanism (1) comprises a sorting feeding component (11), a supporting table (12) arranged at the output end of the sorting feeding component (11) and two groups of conveying components (13) arranged on two sides of the supporting table (12) in a paired mode, and a slot (121) is formed in the center of the output end of the supporting table (12) along the length direction of the supporting table;
the garlic conveying mechanism (2) comprises a conveying assembly (21) arranged below the supporting table (12) and a first guide assembly (22) which is arranged on the sequencing input mechanism (1) and guides and conveys the conveying assembly (21);
the kneading mechanism (3) comprises a support frame (31) and two groups of kneading components (32) symmetrically arranged on the support frame (31), a kneading space (30) is formed between the two groups of kneading components (32), and the conveying component (21) is in matched transmission with the kneading space (30);
the garlic clove separating mechanism (4) comprises a revolving component (41) for driving the garlic (10) on the conveying component (21) to rotate and separate garlic cloves and a garlic root falling component (42) matched with the garlic root (20) on the conveying component (21) to automatically fall off;
the conveying assembly (21) comprises a chain wheel and chain unit (211) and a plurality of groups of thimble pieces (212) which are arranged on the chain wheel and chain unit (211) at equal intervals along the transmission direction of the chain wheel and chain unit (211);
the thimble piece (212) comprises a mounting seat (213), a base a (214) fixedly arranged on the mounting seat (213), a telescopic unit b (215) with the lower end fixedly connected with the base a (214), a base b (216) fixedly connected with the upper end of the telescopic unit b (215), and a needle (217) rotatably arranged on the base b (216);
the telescopic unit b (215) comprises a telescopic rod b (2151) and a compression spring b (2152) sleeved outside the telescopic rod b (2151).
2. A rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sequencing feeding assembly (11) comprises a vibrator (111) and an output table (112) arranged at the output end of the vibrator (111);
a limiting plate (113) is arranged above the output table (112), the vertical distance between the limiting plate (113) and the output table (112) is H1, the longitudinal thickness of the garlic (10) is H2, the horizontal width of the garlic is H3, and H3 is greater than H1 and is greater than H2.
3. The rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the conveying assembly (13) comprises a frame (131), a rotating wheel unit a (132) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located at the input end of the supporting platform (12), a rotating wheel unit b (133) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located behind the rotating wheel unit a (132) along the garlic conveying direction, and a rotating wheel unit c (134) rotatably disposed on the frame (131) and located behind the rotating wheel unit b (133) along the garlic conveying direction, wherein the rotating wheel unit a (132), the rotating wheel unit b (133) and the rotating wheel unit c (134) are in transmission connection through a belt (135);
a belt (135) between the rotating wheel unit b (133) and the rotating wheel unit c (134) is parallel to the length direction of the support table (12); along the conveying direction of the garlic (10), the vertical distance between a belt (135) between the rotating wheel units a (132) and b (133) and the middle line on the width of the support table (12) is gradually reduced;
the conveying assembly (13) is provided with clamping parts (136) along the transmission direction, two groups of clamping parts (136) are correspondingly arranged and are matched with the structure of the garlic (10), each clamping part (136) comprises a groove (137) which is vertically arranged on the belt (135) in a penetrating mode, and a plurality of groups of grooves (137) are arranged at equal intervals along the length direction of the belt (135); the groove (137) is arranged in an arc-shaped structure.
4. The rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a positioning element (218) is further disposed on the needle-ejecting element (212), the positioning element (218) comprises a connecting seat (2181) fixedly connected to the mounting seat (213) and having a side-standing concave structure, and a balloon (2182) mounted on the connecting seat (2181), and a center of the balloon (2182) and a center of an axis of the needle (217) are linearly disposed along a same vertical direction.
5. A rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first guiding assembly (22) comprises a control post (221) installed on the side wall of the base b (216) and having a spherical structure at the end, and an adjusting track (222) installed on the conveying assembly (13) and having an inclined upward direction along the conveying direction of the supporting platform (12), the control post (221) is matched to slide in the adjusting track (222);
the output end of the adjusting track (222) is a flat holding part (223), and the flat holding part (223) horizontally extends to the output end of the turnover assembly (41).
6. A rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the kneading assembly (32) comprises a rectangular frame (321), a rolling shaft (322) vertically and rotatably disposed in the rectangular frame (321) through a bearing and disposed in several groups at equal intervals along the length direction of the rectangular frame (321), a driving shaft (323) coaxially and fixedly connected with the lower end of the rolling shaft (322), and a gear a (324) coaxially and fixedly connected with the lower end of the driving shaft (323), and the transmission is disposed by meshing two adjacent groups of gears a (324).
7. A rotary garlic clove separating device according to claim 3 wherein the two kneading units (32) are driven by a driving unit (33) to rotate synchronously through a belt transmission, and the driving unit (33) comprises a rotating motor (331) which is mounted on the supporting frame (31) through a motor frame and has an output end arranged vertically upward.
8. The rotary garlic clove separating device according to claim 1, wherein the revolving assembly (41) comprises a gear b (411) which is coaxial and fixedly connected with the pricking pin (217) and a rack (412) which is horizontally arranged and meshed with the gear b (411), the rack (412) is installed on the conveying assembly (13), a part of the thimble elements (212) is sleeved with a containing box body (413), and the containing box body (413) is provided with openings (414) matched with the thimble elements (212) at the input end and the output end of the thimble elements (212).
9. A rotary garlic clove separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the garlic clove root peeling unit (42) comprises a second guide unit (421) installed on the conveying unit (21) and cooperating with the garlic root (20) on the driving conveying unit (21) to automatically peel off, and a garlic root collecting box (422) installed on the conveying unit (21) and located under the second guide unit (421);
the second guide component (421) include that two sets of symmetries set up the material track (423) that pushes away of conveying component (21) both sides, should push away material track (423) and pass through mounting bracket a installation fixed, push away material track (423) including feeding portion (424) and with feeding portion (424) rounding off material portion (425) of connecting, material portion (425) are from conveying component (21) to supporting bench (12) direction slope downward setting, and are two sets of it takes off material space (426) to form garlic root (20) between material track (423) to push away.
CN202010213251.3A 2020-03-24 2020-03-24 Rotary garlic clove separating device Active CN111345483B (en)

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CN112718500A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-04-30 临泉县超杰蔬菜脱水有限公司 Processing apparatus before garlic clove processing

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CN1653967A (en) * 2005-02-02 2005-08-17 程慎言 A scrub press type garlic flakes separating machine
CN201332663Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-10-28 镇江市农业机械技术推广站 Automatic umbilical part cutting machine
KR20110115251A (en) * 2010-04-15 2011-10-21 노회욱 Garlic stem cutting machine
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