CN111345225A - Wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and sprinkling irrigation method - Google Patents

Wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and sprinkling irrigation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111345225A
CN111345225A CN202010294190.8A CN202010294190A CN111345225A CN 111345225 A CN111345225 A CN 111345225A CN 202010294190 A CN202010294190 A CN 202010294190A CN 111345225 A CN111345225 A CN 111345225A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sprinkling irrigation
wireless
unit
app
sprinkling
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CN202010294190.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
霍孟友
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Shandong University
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Shandong University
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Priority to CN202010294190.8A priority Critical patent/CN111345225A/en
Publication of CN111345225A publication Critical patent/CN111345225A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/165Cyclic operations, timing systems, timing valves, impulse operations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/72Mobile telephones; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selection
    • H04M1/724User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones
    • H04M1/72403User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones with means for local support of applications that increase the functionality
    • H04M1/72406User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones with means for local support of applications that increase the functionality by software upgrading or downloading
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and a sprinkling irrigation method, which solve the problem of poor applicability of sprinkling irrigation equipment in the prior art, have the beneficial effects of effectively replacing manpower and facilitating sprinkling irrigation in a garden, and have the following specific schemes: a wireless sprinkling irrigation system operating step by step comprises a wireless device APP and a plurality of sprinkling irrigation units, wherein each sprinkling irrigation unit comprises a controller, each controller comprises a communication module capable of communicating with the wireless device APP and the corresponding sprinkling irrigation unit, and the controller is connected with an electromagnetic valve to control the opening or closing of a sprayer of each sprinkling irrigation unit; wireless device APP, manual control wireless device APP realizes, assigns one of them sprinkling irrigation unit through wireless device APP and is the center sprinkling irrigation unit, and other sprinkling irrigation units are all acquiescently for route sprinkling irrigation unit, and the sprinkling irrigation operation task and the operation instruction that wireless device APP assigned are received to the center sprinkling irrigation unit to decompose the operation task, send the operation instruction to each route sprinkling irrigation unit step by step according to setting for the order.

Description

Wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and sprinkling irrigation method
Technical Field
The invention relates to a wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and a sprinkling irrigation method, belonging to the technical field of landscape irrigation.
Background
In order to improve the amateur life of people, enrich and improve the quality of outdoor activities of people, facilities such as parks, gardens and the like for people to enjoy leisure and play are emphasized and strengthened, and characteristic green ecological leisure sightseeing scenic spots appear in big and small cities and villages like spring bamboo shoots after rain. Flowers, plants and trees are the main bodies of ecological gardens, the flourishing ecological life is very much, and the body and mind of people are cultivated in different degrees.
Irrigation is one of the important contents for maintaining ecological gardens, especially in summer, and is the main daily work for maintaining gardens. In the prior art, most landscape garden irrigation control systems are developed by utilizing a humidity sensor, a temperature sensor, an illuminometer, a data transmission module, a microprocessor and the like, and a set of technical method is provided for landscape garden irrigation.
At present, the method for irrigating the garden mainly depends on manually dragging an irrigation hose to guide water from a fixed pipe orifice to a place needing irrigation for manual irrigation, and the method occupies a large amount of manual work hours, is easy to cause uneven drought and waterlogging or excessive irrigation, and causes water resource waste; in addition, in the beautiful landscape, the labor of manual and arduous watering in the burning sun is very unbearable for tourists.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides a wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, which can fully replace manual work, ensure the sprinkling irrigation effect, has the characteristic of high cost performance, and can realize automatic irrigation of gardens in scenic spots after manual simple operation.
The second purpose of the invention is to provide a using method of the sprinkling irrigation system operating step by step in a wireless manner, which can effectively realize sprinkling irrigation of vegetation in a garden, has good sprinkling irrigation effect and is convenient for popularization and application.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
in a first aspect, the invention provides a wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, which comprises a wireless device APP and a plurality of sprinkling irrigation units, wherein each sprinkling irrigation unit comprises a controller, each controller comprises a communication module capable of communicating with the wireless device APP and the sprinkling irrigation unit, and the controller is connected with an electromagnetic valve to control the opening or closing of a spray head of each sprinkling irrigation unit; wireless device APP, manual control wireless device APP realizes, assigns one of them sprinkling irrigation unit through wireless device APP and is the center sprinkling irrigation unit, and other sprinkling irrigation units are all acquiescently for route sprinkling irrigation unit, and the sprinkling irrigation operation task and the operation instruction that wireless device APP assigned are received to the center sprinkling irrigation unit to decompose the operation task, send the operation instruction to each route sprinkling irrigation unit step by step according to setting for the order.
Foretell sprinkling irrigation system realizes the receipt and the transmission of sprinkling irrigation unit to wireless device APP information through communication module, perhaps realizes the information transfer between the sprinkling irrigation unit. Whether will irrigate is judged according to the circumstances that the garden was observed by managers, realizes the sprinkling irrigation through wireless device APP, central sprinkling irrigation unit and route sprinkling irrigation unit, according to the sprinkling irrigation operation order of setting for, controls each sprinkling irrigation unit step by step and accomplishes the sprinkling irrigation task.
In the wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, the communication module is utilized to form an MESH communication system, each sprinkling irrigation unit is used as a member in the MESH communication system, the distance between the installation position of the sprinkling irrigation unit and at least one sprinkling irrigation unit (other sprinkling irrigation units except the sprinkling irrigation unit) in the MESH communication system is smaller than the effective communication distance of the communication module, one sprinkling irrigation unit is set as a central sprinkling irrigation unit, and the other sprinkling irrigation units are defaulted as routing sprinkling irrigation units; the routing sprinkling irrigation unit can receive and transmit data of the unit of the routing sprinkling irrigation unit and can transmit data of other sprinkling irrigation units.
In the sprinkling irrigation system for wireless step-by-step operation, the controller comprises a single chip microcomputer which is used as the core of the sprinkling irrigation unit controller.
In the sprinkling irrigation system for wireless step-by-step operation, the sprinkling irrigation unit further comprises a solar cell panel and a storage battery, the single chip microcomputer is respectively and independently connected with the charging circuit and the storage battery, the solar cell panel is connected with the storage battery through the charging circuit, and the single chip microcomputer controls the charging circuit to charge the storage battery by detecting the voltage of the storage battery; through the setting of solar cell panel, the power supply problem of sprinkling irrigation unit has been solved.
In the sprinkling irrigation system for wireless step-by-step operation, the controller further comprises a boosting driving circuit, and the storage battery is connected with the electromagnetic valve through the boosting driving circuit; the single chip microcomputer controls a storage battery to supply power to the electromagnetic valve through a boosting driving circuit; the boosting driving circuit converts the energy stored by the low-voltage storage battery into electromagnetic valve working power supply with high working voltage, and the electromagnetic valve controls the opening or closing of the spray head; the advantage of using the boost circuit is that under the condition of also satisfying the sprinkling irrigation operation requirement, battery and solar cell can select for use the low capacity that satisfies the requirement, low-voltage, low-cost subassembly, further reduce sprinkling irrigation unit cost.
In the wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, the controller further comprises a voltage stabilizing circuit which is respectively and independently connected with the single chip microcomputer and the communication module, the voltage stabilizing circuit is connected with the storage battery, and the voltage stabilizing circuit converts part of stored energy of the storage battery into a stable power supply required by the operation of the controller.
In the wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, the installation positions of the sprinkling irrigation units correspond to the setting positions of the water supply branch pipelines one by one, each water supply branch pipeline is respectively utilized, the electromagnetic valve is independently communicated with the water supply main pipeline, each water supply branch pipeline is respectively arranged through the vertical pipe, the water supply main pipeline is provided with the water source valve, the water source valve is opened during sprinkling irrigation, and the corresponding sprinkling irrigation units are opened or closed by controlling the electromagnetic valve through the single chip microcomputer.
In the wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, in order to protect the unit components, a part of components of the controller are arranged in the control box, namely, a singlechip, a boosting drive circuit, a voltage stabilizing circuit, a charging circuit, a storage battery and a communication module are arranged in the control box, the control box is supported by a support rod or a bracket, the support rod or the bracket is arranged on one side of the electromagnetic valve, and a solar panel is arranged on the top of the control box and is obliquely arranged relative to a horizontal plane so as to receive solar illumination as much as possible.
In the sprinkling irrigation system operating wirelessly stage by stage, the spray head is preferably a rotary spray head.
In the above-mentioned sprinkling irrigation system operating step by step without wire, preferably, each of the sprinkling irrigation units has a plurality of nozzles, the number of the nozzles is determined according to the water supply amount and the pressure of the main water supply pipeline, the water supply amount is large, the pressure is sufficient, and the number of the nozzles is large.
In a second aspect, the present invention further provides a sprinkling irrigation method of a wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, which comprises the following steps:
the management personnel judge whether the sprinkling irrigation area needs to perform sprinkling irrigation operation according to the situation of the sprinkling irrigation area, if so, the next step is performed, and if not, the management personnel continue to move to the next sprinkling irrigation area of the garden;
opening the wireless communication equipment APP, setting a sprinkling irrigation task by a manager, and sending the task and an operation instruction to the central sprinkling irrigation unit;
the central sprinkling irrigation unit receives the sprinkling irrigation task and the command, decomposes the sprinkling irrigation task, and then sends the operation command to each sprinkling irrigation unit step by step in a time-sharing way according to the set sequence to control each sprinkling irrigation unit to carry out sprinkling irrigation according to the set sequence; after each route sprinkling irrigation unit receives the operation instruction, the corresponding sprinkling irrigation unit is started, the sprinkling irrigation is started, after the sprinkling irrigation is finished, sprinkling irrigation finishing state report data is sent to the center sprinkling irrigation unit, and the operation task is finished until all the sprinkling irrigation units finish the operation task, and the sprinkling irrigation operation is finished.
By the sprinkling irrigation method, only one sprinkling irrigation unit can perform sprinkling irrigation operation within set time, and the whole operation is sequentially completed step by step.
As above a wireless sprinkling irrigation method of sprinkling irrigation system of operation step by step, sprinkling irrigation operation task includes the settlement of sprinkling irrigation time length, carries out sprinkling irrigation time length through wireless device APP and sets for, and the sprinkling irrigation position that different sprinkling irrigation units are located passes through wireless device APP according to particular case and modifies the sprinkling irrigation time, and the sprinkling irrigation position that the water consumption is big is sprinkling irrigation time settlement's length some.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1) the sprinkling irrigation operation is automatically completed, and the operation is not divided into day and night: through sprinkler irrigation system's setting, can be in managers operation back, the automatic sprinkling irrigation operation of accomplishing, the view, gardens managers utilize wireless device to send sprinkling irrigation operation instruction and operation task according to the business condition and the weather condition of vegetation, sprinkler irrigation system accomplishes the sprinkling irrigation operation of a region under the control coordination of center sprinkling irrigation unit automatically and do not divide round the clock, saved the labor cost of artifical sprinkling irrigation in a large number, the shortcoming of transition irrigation sometimes, waste water resource when also having overcome artifical sprinkling irrigation.
2) The sprinkling irrigation unit is small in quantity, and the system cost is reduced: the water supply amount and the water supply pressure of the pipeline are fixed, the sprinkling irrigation is carried out in a step-by-step operation mode, only one spray head controlled by one sprinkling irrigation unit is used for carrying out the sprinkling irrigation operation at one time point, the sufficient spraying pressure of the spray head is ensured, the water spraying radius is larger, and thus, the number of the sprinkling irrigation units used in the same area is small, and the system cost is greatly reduced.
3) The unit composition cost is reduced: based on the fact that the managers in gardens and scenic spots are always on duty, the invention overcomes the defects that the humidity sensor, the temperature sensor, the illuminometer and the remote communication module are used to increase the equipment cost and the set control parameters can not change the irrigation quantity along with the growth condition of plants in the prior art, utilizes the judgment of the managers on the sprinkling irrigation, the time of the sprinkling operation is controlled by the wireless equipment APP, the cost of the sprinkling unit is greatly reduced, and simultaneously, on the premise of meeting the control requirement of the sprinkling irrigation time length, the electromagnetic valve is driven by adopting the boosting drive circuit with lower cost, so that the solar battery and the lithium battery select components with low capacity, low voltage and low cost, meanwhile, the control box also adopts a small-size control box, in addition, a networking communication module with low cost is preferably selected to replace a high-cost communication module with long distance, and the cost of the sprinkling irrigation unit is further reduced.
4) Utilize the solar energy power supply, easy to assemble: the sprinkling irrigation control distributed in the ecological park adopts the solar cell for power supply, thereby avoiding the trouble of cable power supply and facilitating the installation of sprinkling irrigation equipment.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a sprinkler system according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the components of a routing sprinkler unit in accordance with one or more embodiments of the present invention.
In the figure: the spacing or size between each other is exaggerated to show the location of the parts, and the schematic is only illustrative
Wherein: the device comprises a solar cell panel 1, a charging circuit 2, a storage battery 3, a boosting drive circuit 4, an electromagnetic valve 5, a spray head 6, a voltage stabilizing circuit 7, a single chip microcomputer 8, a communication module 9, a water source valve 11, a water supply main pipeline 12, a water supply branch pipeline 13, a vertical pipe 14, a support rod or a support 15, a control box 16 and a sprinkling irrigation unit 17.
Detailed Description
It is to be understood that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of exemplary embodiments according to the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an", and/or "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the invention expressly state otherwise, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof;
for convenience of description, the words "up", "down", "left" and "right" in the present invention, if any, merely indicate correspondence with up, down, left and right directions of the drawings themselves, and do not limit the structure, but merely facilitate the description of the invention and simplify the description, rather than indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Term interpretation section: the terms "mounted," "connected," "fixed," and the like in the present invention are to be understood in a broad sense, and for example, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" may be fixed, detachable, or integrated; the two components can be connected mechanically or electrically, directly or indirectly through an intermediate medium, or connected internally or in an interaction relationship, and the terms used in the present invention should be understood as having specific meanings to those skilled in the art.
As described in the background of the invention, the present invention provides a wireless step-by-step operating sprinkler irrigation system and method to solve the above technical problems.
In a typical implementation mode of the invention, the sprinkling irrigation system for wireless step-by-step operation comprises sprinkling irrigation units 17 and wireless equipment APP, wherein each sprinkling irrigation unit 17 comprises a central sprinkling irrigation unit and a plurality of routing sprinkling irrigation units, all the sprinkling irrigation units 17 are arranged at places of a park needing sprinkling irrigation, the design cost and the effectiveness of the use of the device are considered, the routing sprinkling irrigation units are controlled by the central sprinkling irrigation unit, the number of the routing sprinkling irrigation units is a plurality, the routing sprinkling irrigation units and the central sprinkling irrigation units are powered by solar energy, the sprinkling irrigation operation is controlled through wireless communication, and an operation instruction is sent by a manager through the wireless equipment APP, so that the sprinkling irrigation tasks of flowers and trees in a range of the area are jointly completed.
Wireless device APP, can install in cell-phone or panel computer or other computers, wherein the most convenient selection is the cell-phone, be convenient for operate, wireless device APP is the sprinkling irrigation control management procedure of development, communication module 9 through cell-phone communication function and sprinkling irrigation unit carries out data communication, assign one of them sprinkling irrigation unit for central sprinkling irrigation unit through wireless device APP, other sprinkling irrigation units are all acquiescently assigned for route sprinkling irrigation unit like this, the sprinkling irrigation operation can be accomplished to self by default to central sprinkling irrigation unit, and send the operation instruction to each route sprinkling irrigation unit, and wireless device APP can be convenient for look over the status information of sprinkling irrigation unit, can realize sprinkling irrigation operation task and formulate, and have inquiry key and control key, the state of system can be inquired.
Specifically, the sprinkling irrigation task is compiled through the wireless equipment APP: the wireless equipment APP is started, and the time length of the sprinkling operation of each sprinkling unit can be modified according to the vegetation condition of the position of each sprinkling unit on the basis of the default setting of the sprinkling operation time of each sprinkling unit; or, set for some garden total sprinkling irrigation time length, by central sprinkling irrigation unit according to preset's vegetation information (when wireless device APP installation is accomplished or vegetation changes, the vegetation information of each sprinkling irrigation unit department of manual addition, wireless device APP memory has the sprinkling irrigation operation time that corresponding vegetation corresponds), confirm the sprinkling irrigation operation time of each sprinkling irrigation unit.
The central sprinkling irrigation unit is provided with only one area for supplying water at one pipe orifice, after all the sprinkling irrigation units 17 are installed, the management personnel assign the sprinkling irrigation units through wireless equipment APP, and other sprinkling irrigation units are routing sprinkling irrigation units, so that the sprinkling irrigation units are convenient to install; the central sprinkling irrigation unit and the routing sprinkling irrigation unit are identical in structural composition and respectively comprise a controller, the controller comprises a single chip microcomputer 8, a boosting driving circuit 4, a communication module 9, a charging circuit 2 and a voltage stabilizing circuit 7, and as shown in a figure 2, the single chip microcomputer 8 is used for receiving a working instruction sent by a wireless device APP through the communication module 9, sending sprinkling irrigation state information to the wireless device APP, and is used for data communication between the central sprinkling irrigation unit and the routing sprinkling irrigation unit through the communication module 9, and the communication module 9 preferably selects a Bluetooth module; the solar cell panel 1 charges the storage battery 3 through the charging circuit 2, the voltage stabilizing circuit 7 converts part of stored energy of the storage battery 3 into working electricity of a central sprinkling irrigation unit or a routing sprinkling irrigation unit, and the storage battery 3 supplies power to the corresponding electromagnetic valve 5 through the boosting driving circuit 4.
In addition, it will be readily appreciated that each sprinkler unit, as a member of the MESH communication system, is located at a distance from at least one other sprinkler unit that is less than the effective communication distance of the communication module 9 to enable each sprinkler unit to be an effective communication unit of the MESH communication system.
In the present embodiment, the battery 3 is preferably a lithium battery.
Lay the water supply pipe by the sprinkling irrigation requirement, and then confirm the mounted position of sprinkling irrigation unit, water supply main 12 is connected with the delivery port of water source or other water supply installation, water supply main 12 sets up water source valve 11, and water supply main 12 utilizes solenoid valve 5 intercommunication respectively with each water supply lateral conduit 13, and the quantity that sets up of all sprinkling irrigation units is the same with the quantity that sets up of water supply lateral conduit 13.
Alternatively, in some examples, the central sprinkling unit is connected with a water source valve (which may be a solenoid valve) 11, and the on/off of the water source valve 11 is controlled by the wireless device APP and the central sprinkling unit.
In order to realize the sprinkling irrigation, referring to fig. 1, the water supply branch pipeline 13 is provided with a plurality of vertical pipes 14 communicated with the water supply branch pipeline, the top end of each vertical pipe 14 is provided with a rotary spray head 6, the number of the rotary spray heads 6 of the sprinkling irrigation unit is determined according to the water supply amount and the pressure of the water supply main pipeline 12, the water supply amount is large, the pressure is sufficient, the number of the rotary spray heads is large, and thus the setting number of the controllers is further reduced.
In some embodiments, the sprinkling irrigation unit is provided with a control box 16, the single chip microcomputer 8, the boosting drive circuit 4, the communication module 9, the charging circuit 2, the voltage stabilizing circuit 7 and the storage battery 3 are all arranged in the control box, the control box 16 is supported by a support rod or a support 15, and the solar panel 1 is arranged on the top side of the control box 16.
Further, for convenient route sprinkling irrigation unit opens according to the setting order, sprinkling irrigation unit installation completion back, accessible wireless equipment APP carries out a permanent work serial number to route sprinkling irrigation unit, and the serial number of route sprinkling irrigation unit sets up: the outward divergence is started according to the principle of near-to-far. To the routing sprinkling irrigation unit on a transmission line, the number of the routing sprinkling irrigation unit adjacent to the center sprinkling irrigation unit is set to be No. 1, the number of the routing sprinkling irrigation unit adjacent to the No. 1 routing sprinkling irrigation unit but not numbered is set to be No. 2, … …, and all other routing sprinkling irrigation units are numbered by the method.
Furthermore, in other embodiments, the wireless device APP may be replaced by a WEB page.
The invention also provides a sprinkling irrigation method of the wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system, which comprises the following steps:
1) the management personnel carry out permanent role assignment and sequential numbering on the installed sprinkling irrigation units through the wireless equipment APP, assign one sprinkling irrigation unit as a central sprinkling irrigation unit, assign other sprinkling irrigation units in one sprinkling irrigation area as routing sprinkling irrigation units, and number all routing sprinkling irrigation units through the wireless equipment APP;
2) the management personnel judge whether the sprinkling irrigation area needs to perform sprinkling irrigation operation according to the condition of the sprinkling irrigation area where the garden is located, if so, the next step is performed, and if not, the management personnel continue to move to the next sprinkling irrigation area of the garden;
3) opening the wireless communication equipment APP, setting a sprinkling irrigation task by a manager, and sending the task and an operation instruction to the central sprinkling irrigation unit;
4) the central sprinkling irrigation unit receives the sprinkling irrigation operation task and the operation instruction, decomposes the sprinkling irrigation operation task, completes the sprinkling irrigation operation by the central sprinkling irrigation unit, and sends the operation instruction to each routing sprinkling irrigation unit step by step (the routing sprinkling irrigation unit at one position is one level) according to the set sequence;
after each route sprinkling irrigation unit receives the operation instruction, starting sprinkling irrigation operation, and when the time length of a sprinkling irrigation operation task is reached, ending sprinkling irrigation and returning task completion data to the central sprinkling irrigation unit; when the central sprinkling irrigation unit receives the task completion data, the central sprinkling irrigation unit sends sprinkling irrigation operation instructions to the next routing sprinkling irrigation unit again until all routing sprinkling irrigation units complete the sprinkling irrigation operation task, and the sprinkling irrigation process is completed once in the whole area, and after the sprinkling irrigation operation is completed, the water source valve is closed by the manager.
Wherein, the sprinkling irrigation operation task includes that sprinkling irrigation time length sets for, carries out the settlement of sprinkling irrigation time through wireless equipment APP.
Specifically, the central sprinkling irrigation unit opens the corresponding spray nozzle through the electromagnetic valve, and automatically performs sprinkling irrigation operation, and after the sprinkling irrigation operation is completed, the central sprinkling irrigation unit sends a sprinkling irrigation operation starting instruction and sprinkling irrigation operation time to the No. 1 routing sprinkling irrigation unit; the No. 1 routing sprinkling irrigation unit which receives the operation instruction opens the corresponding spray head to perform sprinkling irrigation operation within specified time, and closes the spray head when the sprinkling irrigation operation is completed, and sends sprinkling irrigation operation completion state report data to the central sprinkling irrigation unit; the center sprinkling irrigation unit which obtains the report of the completion of the sprinkling irrigation operation sequentially sends sprinkling irrigation operation instructions to the No. 2 routing sprinkling irrigation unit of the sprinkling irrigation area until the sprinkling irrigation operation of all the units is completed; the manager utilizes wireless device APP's inquiry key, can look over the state information that the sprinkling irrigation goes on at any time.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment and method of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A wireless sprinkling irrigation system operating step by step is characterized by comprising a wireless device APP and a plurality of sprinkling irrigation units, wherein each sprinkling irrigation unit comprises a controller, each controller comprises a communication module capable of communicating with the wireless device APP and the corresponding sprinkling irrigation unit, and the controller is connected with an electromagnetic valve to control a sprayer of each sprinkling irrigation unit to be opened or closed; wireless device APP, manual control wireless device APP realizes, assigns one of them sprinkling irrigation unit through wireless device APP and is the center sprinkling irrigation unit, and other sprinkling irrigation units are all acquiescently for route sprinkling irrigation unit, and the sprinkling irrigation operation task and the operation instruction that wireless device APP assigned are received to the center sprinkling irrigation unit to decompose the operation task, send the operation instruction to each route sprinkling irrigation unit step by step according to setting for the order.
2. The wireless stage-by-stage sprinkler system of claim 1, wherein each of said sprinkler units is included as a member of a MESH communication system, the sprinkler unit being located a distance from at least one sprinkler unit of the MESH communication system that is less than the effective communication distance of said communication module.
3. The wireless stage-by-stage sprinkler irrigation system as recited in claim 1, wherein the controller comprises a single chip microcomputer; the sprinkling irrigation unit further comprises a solar cell panel and a storage battery, the single chip microcomputer is respectively and independently connected with the charging circuit and the storage battery, and the single chip microcomputer utilizes the storage battery voltage to detect and control the solar cell panel to charge the storage battery through the charging circuit.
4. The wireless stage-by-stage operation sprinkling irrigation system according to claim 3, wherein the controller further comprises a boost driving circuit, the storage battery is connected with the electromagnetic valve through the boost driving circuit, and the single chip microcomputer controls the storage battery to supply power to the electromagnetic valve through the boost driving circuit.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein the controller further comprises a voltage regulator circuit separately connected to the single-chip and the communication module, the voltage regulator circuit converting a portion of the energy of the battery into a regulated power supply for operation of the controller.
6. The wireless step-by-step sprinkling irrigation system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the installation positions of the sprinkling irrigation units correspond to the arrangement positions of the water supply branch pipelines one by one, each water supply branch pipeline is separately communicated with the main water supply pipeline by the electromagnetic valve, and each water supply branch pipeline is provided with the spray head through the vertical pipe.
7. The wireless stage-by-stage sprinkling irrigation system according to claim 5, wherein the single chip microcomputer, the boost driving circuit, the voltage stabilizing circuit, the charging circuit, the storage battery and the communication module are installed in a control box, the control box is supported by a support rod or a bracket, and the support rod or the bracket is arranged on one side of the electromagnetic valve.
8. The system of claim 1 wherein each of said sprinkler units has a plurality of said sprinkler heads.
9. A method of sprinkler irrigation in a wireless progressive sprinkler system according to any one of claims 1-8 including the steps of:
the management personnel judge whether the sprinkling irrigation area needs to perform sprinkling irrigation operation according to the situation of the sprinkling irrigation area, if so, the next step is performed, and if not, the management personnel continue to move to the next sprinkling irrigation area of the garden;
opening the wireless communication equipment APP, setting a sprinkling irrigation task by a manager, and sending the task and an operation instruction to the central sprinkling irrigation unit;
the central sprinkling irrigation unit receives the sprinkling irrigation task and the command, decomposes the sprinkling irrigation task, and then sends the operation command to each sprinkling irrigation unit step by step in a time-sharing way according to the set sequence to control each sprinkling irrigation unit to carry out sprinkling irrigation according to the set sequence; and after each route sprinkling irrigation unit receives the operation instruction, starting sprinkling irrigation operation, and after the sprinkling irrigation is finished, sending sprinkling irrigation operation finished state report data to the center sprinkling irrigation unit until all the sprinkling irrigation units finish the operation task, and the current sprinkling irrigation operation is finished.
10. The sprinkler irrigation method of a wireless step-by-step sprinkler irrigation system of claim 9 wherein the task of sprinkler irrigation includes setting of a length of sprinkler irrigation time, the length of sprinkler irrigation time being set via the wireless device APP.
CN202010294190.8A 2020-04-15 2020-04-15 Wireless step-by-step operation sprinkling irrigation system and sprinkling irrigation method Pending CN111345225A (en)

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