CN111331368A - Automatic copper lid device is twisted in material loading - Google Patents

Automatic copper lid device is twisted in material loading Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111331368A
CN111331368A CN202010306486.7A CN202010306486A CN111331368A CN 111331368 A CN111331368 A CN 111331368A CN 202010306486 A CN202010306486 A CN 202010306486A CN 111331368 A CN111331368 A CN 111331368A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
spring
plate
shell
copper
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN202010306486.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111331368B (en
Inventor
马仪
袁文华
康文杰
邓余民
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Shaoyang University
Shaodong Intelligent Manufacturing Innovative Institute
Original Assignee
Shaoyang University
Shaodong Intelligent Manufacturing Innovative Institute
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Application filed by Shaoyang University, Shaodong Intelligent Manufacturing Innovative Institute filed Critical Shaoyang University
Priority to CN202010306486.7A priority Critical patent/CN111331368B/en
Publication of CN111331368A publication Critical patent/CN111331368A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111331368B publication Critical patent/CN111331368B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic feeding copper cover screwing device, which comprises: the discharging tool is rotationally arranged on the top surface of the rotating platform, the discharging tool is used for storing the stand column, the shell feeding mechanism is arranged beside the rotating platform, a discharging opening of the shell feeding mechanism is arranged above a rotating track of the discharging tool, the shell feeding mechanism is used for receiving the shell and sleeving the shell on the stand column, the copper cover screwing mechanism is arranged beside the rotating platform, a feeding part of the copper cover screwing mechanism is arranged above the rotating track of the discharging tool, the copper cover spring feeding mechanism is communicated with the copper cover screwing mechanism, the copper cover spring feeding mechanism is used for receiving and assembling the copper cover and the spring and conveying the copper cover and the spring to the copper cover screwing mechanism, and the copper cover screwing mechanism is used for assembling the shell, the stand column, the copper cover and the spring together; the invention has reasonable design and high automation degree, realizes the high-efficiency assembly production of the shell, the upright post, the spring and the copper cover, reduces the labor intensity of personnel and the error rate of manual operation, and improves the production efficiency and quality.

Description

Automatic copper lid device is twisted in material loading
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical devices, in particular to an automatic feeding and copper cover screwing device.
Background
The shell, the upright post, the spring and the copper cover can jointly form a product, before the complete product is formed, the shell and the upright post and the spring and the copper cover are assembled into semi-finished products in advance respectively, namely the shell is movably sleeved on the upright post, and the spring is movably arranged in a groove of the copper cover; the copper cover is provided with external threads, the shell is provided with internal threads, and after the shell, the stand column, the spring and the copper cover respectively form a semi-finished product, the copper cover and the spring are screwed into the shell so as to finish product assembly; the existing assembly mode usually adopts manual operation, operators need to sleeve the shell on the stand column one by one, meanwhile, the springs need to be placed in the copper covers one by one, then the copper covers need to be screwed into the shell, and the screwing process needs to be carefully carried out to prevent any part from falling off and needing to be carried out again; the existing assembly mode has low efficiency, the labor intensity of operators is high due to the complex operation, and meanwhile, the production efficiency is further reduced due to the high error rate of the manual assembly mode.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic feeding copper cover screwing device, and aims to solve the problems of high error rate, high labor intensity of personnel and low production efficiency in a manual assembly mode.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device, including: the device comprises a rotary platform, a discharging tool, a shell feeding mechanism, a copper cover spring feeding mechanism and a copper cover screwing mechanism;
the blowing frock sets up with rotating the top surface of rotary platform, the stand has been deposited to the blowing frock, shell feed mechanism sets up rotary platform is other, shell feed mechanism's blanking mouth sets up the rotatory track top of blowing frock, shell feed mechanism is used for receiving the shell and will the shell cover is established on the stand, it sets up to twist copper lid mechanism the rotary platform is other, the material loading part setting of twisting copper lid mechanism is in the rotatory track top of blowing frock, copper lid spring feed mechanism with twist copper lid mechanism intercommunication, copper lid spring feed mechanism is used for receiving and equipment copper lid and spring and will copper lid and spring transport to twist copper lid mechanism, twist copper lid mechanism be used for with shell, stand, copper lid and spring equipment are in the same place.
The rotating platform comprises a rotating platen, a cam divider and a driving motor, an output shaft of the driving motor is fixedly connected with an input shaft of the cam divider, and an output shaft of the cam divider is fixedly arranged in the center of the rotating platen in a penetrating mode.
The material discharging tool is provided with a material discharging upper plate and a material discharging lower plate, two plugs arranged symmetrically between the material discharging upper plate and the material discharging lower plate are connected through bolts, a material discharging through hole is formed in the center of the material discharging upper plate, a material discharging rod is fixedly arranged at the center of the material discharging lower plate in a penetrating mode, the material discharging rod is arranged in the material discharging through hole in a penetrating mode, the material discharging rod is located between the material discharging upper plate and the material discharging lower plate and is provided with a return spring, a ring sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the material discharging upper plate, a rear end fixing seat of the ring sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the material discharging upper plate through bolts, and the front end of the ring sleeve is sleeved on the material discharging rod.
The shell feeding mechanism is provided with a shell feeding base, a shell feeding mounting base is fixedly arranged above the shell feeding base, a shell blanking plate and a shell extension plate are respectively arranged on a front plate and a rear plate of the shell feeding mounting base, a shell feeding guide rail is arranged on the shell extension plate, a shell feeding sliding block is slidably arranged on the shell feeding guide rail, a shell feeding plate is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the shell feeding sliding block through a connecting plate, the shell feeding plate is arranged to be tightly attached to the top surface of the shell blanking plate, a shell pipe joint is arranged on a fixing frame on the shell blanking plate, and the shell pipe joint is arranged above the shell feeding plate; the shell blanking device is characterized in that a shell material storage through hole is formed in the shell feeding plate, a shell blanking cylinder is arranged at the front end of the shell extending plate, a telescopic rod of the shell blanking cylinder is fixedly connected with a shell blanking guide plate, a shell blanking pipe penetrates through the center of the shell blanking guide plate, and the shell blanking guide plate is adjacent to the shell blanking plate.
The copper cover spring feeding mechanism comprises a copper cover feeding channel and a spring feeding mechanism; a plurality of copper covers are closely arranged in a copper cover feeding channel in a single row, the spring feeding mechanism is provided with a spring feeding base, a spring feeding mounting seat is fixedly arranged above the spring feeding base, a front plate and a rear plate of the spring feeding mounting seat are respectively provided with a spring blanking plate and a spring extension plate, a spring feeding guide rail is arranged on the spring extension plate, a spring feeding slide block is slidably arranged on the spring feeding guide rail, a spring feeding plate is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the spring feeding slide block through a connecting plate and is tightly attached to the top surface of the spring blanking plate, a spring pipe connector is arranged on a fixed frame on the spring blanking plate, and the spring pipe connector is arranged above the spring feeding plate; the spring feeding plate is provided with a spring material storage through hole, the front end of the spring extension plate is provided with a spring blanking cylinder, a telescopic rod of the spring blanking cylinder is fixedly connected with a spring blanking guide plate, a spring blanking pipe penetrates through the center of the spring blanking guide plate, the spring blanking guide plate is adjacent to the spring blanking plate, and the spring blanking pipe is arranged right above the copper cover feeding channel.
Wherein, copper lid spring feed mechanism still includes copper lid vibration dish and spring vibrations dish, the discharge gate of spring vibration dish pass through the hose with spring pipe interface intercommunication, the discharge gate of copper lid vibration dish pass through the hose with the first end intercommunication of copper lid material loading passageway, the below of copper lid material loading passageway is provided with directly shakes the ware, the second end of copper lid material loading passageway is connected to twist copper lid and construct.
Wherein the copper cover screwing mechanism is provided with a rotary feeding mechanism and a rotary jacking mechanism, the lifting rotary feeding mechanism is provided with a feeding mounting plate, the feeding mounting plate is provided with a feeding bedplate in a sliding way, the top of the feeding mounting plate is provided with a lifting cylinder, the telescopic rod of the lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the feeding bedplate, a rotary mounting plate is horizontally erected on the feeding bedplate, the rotary mounting plate is provided with a driving rack in a sliding way, a rotary shaft is rotatably arranged on the rotary mounting plate in a penetrating way, the top of the rotating shaft is fixedly provided with a driven gear, the driving rack is meshed with the driven gear, the bottom of rotation axis is provided with a cylinder mounting panel, the bottom both ends of cylinder mounting panel all are provided with the finger cylinder, rotatory climbing mechanism sets up one of them side finger cylinder below.
The finger cylinder is characterized in that an upper clamping block and a lower clamping block are arranged on a clamping jaw of the finger cylinder, the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are respectively provided with an upper clamping groove and a lower clamping groove, the size of the upper clamping groove is smaller than that of the lower clamping groove, and pressing plates are arranged on two sides of the finger cylinder.
The rotary jacking mechanism is provided with an installation back plate, the top of the installation back plate is horizontally provided with an installation top plate, a spring copper cover feeding mechanism is arranged on the installation top plate, a jacking through hole is formed in the installation top plate, a jacking sliding plate is arranged on the installation back plate in a sliding mode, a jacking cylinder is arranged on the side face of the installation back plate, a telescopic rod of the jacking cylinder is fixedly connected with the jacking sliding plate, a rotary motor is vertically arranged on the jacking sliding plate, and a rotary thimble is arranged at the top end of an output shaft of the rotary motor.
The spring copper cover feeding mechanism comprises a material carrying cylinder and a material carrying block, a telescopic rod of the material carrying cylinder is fixedly connected with the material carrying block, and a material carrying groove is formed in the side of the material carrying block; when the strip cylinder contracts, the strip trough is communicated with the second end of the copper cover feeding channel, and when the strip cylinder extends, the strip trough moves to a position right above the jacking through hole.
The scheme of the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the rotary platform is driven by the cam divider and the driving motor, so that the intermittent transfer of the emptying tool at stations of different processes can be realized, and the production and processing of the stand column are facilitated;
2. the material placing tool is provided with a material placing upper plate and a material placing lower half, the material placing rod can be exposed by pressing the material placing upper plate downwards so as to place the stand column, and the ring sleeve can position the placed stand column and prevent displacement during movement;
3. the shell feeding mechanism receives the shell through a shell pipe interface and pushes the shell to the shell blanking pipe through a shell feeding plate, so that the shell accurately drops on the discharging rod with the stand column, and the shell is sleeved on the stand column;
4. the copper cover spring feeding mechanism is provided with a copper cover feeding channel, copper covers can be sequentially fed, and springs can be placed in copper cover grooves one by controlling the spring feeding mechanism in the feeding process;
5. the copper cover screwing mechanism is provided with a rotary feeding mechanism and a rotary jacking mechanism, wherein the rotary feeding mechanism can clamp the stand column and the shell in the discharging tool, the rotary jacking mechanism can receive the copper cover and the spring from the copper cover feeding channel, and meanwhile, the rotary jacking mechanism can screw the copper cover and the spring into the shell and the stand column by using a rotary thimble;
the invention has reasonable design and high automation degree, can be used for assembling the shell and the stand column and assembling the spring and the copper cover, realizes the high-efficiency assembly production of the shell, the stand column, the spring and the copper cover, reduces the labor intensity and the error rate of personnel, and improves the production efficiency and the quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic feeding copper cover screwing device of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the assembly of the column and the housing of the automatic loading and copper cap screwing device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the spring and copper cap assembly of the automatic loading and copper cap screwing device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a rotating platform of the automatic feeding copper cover screwing device of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a discharging tool of the automatic feeding copper cover screwing device;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a shell feeding mechanism of the automatic feeding copper cover screwing device of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a spring feeding mechanism of the automatic feeding copper cover screwing device of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a copper cap feeding channel of the automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a copper cap screwing mechanism of the automatic feeding copper cap screwing device of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a finger cylinder of the automatic loading and copper cap screwing device of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a first schematic view of a rotary jacking mechanism of the automatic loading copper cap screwing device of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic view of a second rotary jacking mechanism of the automatic loading copper cap screwing device.
[ description of reference ]
1-a rotating platform; 2-discharging the material; 3-a shell feeding mechanism; 4-a copper cover spring feeding mechanism; 5-twisting a copper cover mechanism; 6-upright post; 7-a housing; 8-copper cover; 9-a spring; 101-a rotating platen; 102-a cam divider; 103-a drive motor; 201-discharging and feeding the upper plate; 202-discharging a lower plate; 203-plugging bolts; 204-a discharge rod; 205-ring sleeve; 301-shell loading base; 302-housing loading mount; 303-shell blanking plate; 304-a housing extension plate; 305-housing feed rails; 306-a housing feed slide; 307-housing feed plate; 308-a housing tube interface; 309-shell blanking cylinder; 310-shell blanking guide plate; 311-shell blanking pipe; 312-housing feed cylinder; 401-copper lid feed channel; 402-spring loading base; 403-spring loading mounting seat; 404-spring blanking plate; 405-a spring extension plate; 406-spring feed rails; 407-spring feeding slide block; 408-a spring feeding plate; 409-spring tube interface; 410-spring blanking cylinder; 411-spring blanking guide plate; 412-spring down tube; 413-spring feed cylinder; 501-feeding and mounting plates; 502-a loading platen; 503-a lifting cylinder; 504-rotating the mounting plate; 505-a driving rack; 506-a rotation axis; 507-driven gear; 508-cylinder mounting plate; 509-finger cylinder; 509 a-upper clamping groove; 509 b-lower clamping groove; 510-lifting slide rails; 511-rotating linear guide; 512-rotating linear slider; 513-rotating the driving cylinder; 514-mounting a back plate; 515-installing a top plate; 516-jacking sliding plates; 517-jacking cylinder; 518-a rotating electrical machine; 519-rotating the thimble; 520-a material carrying cylinder; 521-a material carrying block; 521 a-belt trough.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the following detailed description is given with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
The invention provides an automatic feeding copper cover screwing device, which aims at the problems of high error rate, high labor intensity of personnel and low production efficiency of the existing manual assembly mode.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, an embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device, including: the device comprises a rotary platform 1, a discharging tool 2, a shell feeding mechanism 3, a copper cover spring feeding mechanism 4 and a copper cover screwing mechanism 5; blowing frock 2 sets up with rotating the top surface of rotary platform 1, stand 6 has been deposited to blowing frock 2, shell feed mechanism 3 sets up rotary platform 1 is other, the blanking mouth of shell feed mechanism 3 sets up the rotatory track top of blowing frock 2, shell feed mechanism 3 is used for receiving shell 7 and will the shell cover is established on stand 6, it sets up to twist copper lid mechanism 5 other rotary platform 1, the material loading part of twisting copper lid mechanism 5 sets up the rotatory track top of blowing frock 2, copper lid spring feed mechanism 4 with twist copper lid mechanism 5 intercommunication, copper lid spring feed mechanism 4 is used for receiving and equipment copper lid 8 and spring 9 and will copper lid 8 and spring 9 transport to twist copper lid mechanism 5, twist copper lid mechanism 5 and be used for with shell 7, The post 6, copper cap 8 and spring 9 are assembled together.
According to the automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device provided by the embodiment of the invention, the rotating platform 1 can realize intermittent rotation, when the discharging tool 2 rotates to the position below the shell feeding mechanism 3 through the rotating platform 1, the rotating platform 1 enters an intermittent period, the shell feeding mechanism 3 can receive shell 7 materials sent from a shell vibration disc one by one, and the shell 7 is sleeved on the upright post 6 in the discharging tool 2; after the shell 7 is completely sleeved, the rotating platform 1 rotates again to enable the material placing tool 2 to come under the copper cover screwing mechanism 5, the copper cover spring feeding mechanism 4 is communicated with the copper cover screwing mechanism 5 in advance, and the copper cover spring feeding mechanism 4 can assemble the spring 9 in a groove of a copper cover 8 and convey the spring 9 and the copper cover 8 to the copper cover screwing mechanism 5 group by group; and finally, the copper cover screwing mechanism 5 assembles the shell 7, the upright post 6, the spring 9 and the copper cover 8 together to form a single product, after the assembly is finished, the copper cover screwing mechanism 5 puts the product back into the discharging tool 2, and the rotating platform 1 rotates again to convey the product to a discharging station.
As shown in fig. 4, the rotary platform 1 includes a rotary platen 101, a cam divider 102, and a driving motor 103, an output shaft of the driving motor 103 is fixedly connected to an input shaft of the cam divider 102, and an output shaft of the cam divider 102 is fixedly inserted into a center of the rotary platen 101.
According to the automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device in the embodiment of the invention, the rotating platen 101 is driven by the cam divider 102, when the driving motor 103 rotates, the cam divider 102 intermittently rotates, and the position where the discharging tool 2 stops after each rotation is the processing point of the corresponding process, so that after the time required by each process is calculated, the intermittent transportation time of the upright column 5 can be shortened through the intermittent rotation of the rotating platform 1.
As shown in fig. 5, the discharging tool 2 is provided with a discharging upper plate 201 and a discharging lower plate 202, the discharging upper plate 201 and the discharging lower plate 202 are connected through two symmetrically arranged stopper-beating bolts 203, a discharging through hole is formed in the center of the discharging upper plate 201, a discharging rod 204 is fixedly arranged in the center of the discharging lower plate 202 in a penetrating manner, the discharging rod 204 is arranged in the discharging through hole in a penetrating manner, a return spring is arranged between the discharging upper plate 201 and the discharging lower plate 202 and positioned on the discharging rod 204, a ring sleeve 205 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the discharging upper plate 201, a rear end fixing seat of the ring sleeve 205 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the discharging upper plate 201 through a bolt, and an annular sleeve at the front end of the ring sleeve 205 is sleeved on the discharging rod 204.
According to the automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device disclosed by the embodiment of the invention, the feeding upper plate 201 is provided with the groove at the position of the plugging bolt 203, and the head of the plugging bolt 203 can enter the groove, so that the feeding upper plate 201 can obtain a larger up-down moving range; when the blowing upper plate 201 pushes down the spring can be compressed, the blowing pole 204 can be exposed, the ring cover 205 follows the blowing upper plate 201 along the blowing pole moves down, at this moment, the stand is placed on the blowing pole 204 and is loosened the blowing upper plate 201, the spring can with the blowing upper plate 201 propelling movement is to the summit, the ring cover 205 rises thereupon the cover establish thereby it is right on the stand location is fixed, works as during the motion of blowing frock 2, the ring cover 205 can guarantee the stand is in can not take place the displacement on the blowing pole 204.
As shown in fig. 6, the housing feeding mechanism 3 is provided with a housing feeding base 301, a housing feeding mounting base 302 is fixedly arranged above the housing feeding base 301, a housing blanking plate 303 and a housing extension plate 304 are respectively arranged on a front plate and a rear plate of the housing feeding mounting base 302, a housing feeding guide rail 305 is arranged on the housing extension plate 303, a housing feeding sliding block 306 is slidably arranged on the housing feeding guide rail 305, a housing feeding plate 307 is fixedly arranged on a side surface of the housing feeding sliding block 306 through a connecting plate, the housing feeding plate 307 is tightly attached to the top surface of the housing blanking plate 303, a housing pipe interface 308 is fixedly arranged on a fixed frame on the housing blanking plate 303, and the housing pipe interface 308 is arranged above the housing feeding plate 307; the shell feeding plate 307 is provided with a shell material storage through hole, the front end of the shell extension plate 304 is provided with a shell material falling cylinder 309, an expansion link of the shell material falling cylinder 309 is fixedly connected with a shell material falling guide plate 310, a shell material falling pipe 311 penetrates through the center of the shell material falling guide plate 310, and the shell material falling guide plate 310 is arranged adjacent to the shell material falling plate 303.
In the automatic feeding copper cover screwing device according to the embodiment of the invention, the shell feeding mechanism further comprises a shell vibrating disk, a discharge port of the shell vibrating disk is communicated with the shell pipe interface 308 through a hose, the shell blanking cylinder 309 extends to press down the discharging upper plate 301 after detecting the discharging tool 2, the shell pipe interface 308 drops into the shell material storing through hole through a channel of the shell pipe interface 308 after receiving the shell 7, and the diameter of the shell material storing through hole is slightly larger than that of the shell 7 because the channel of the shell pipe interface 308 and the shell material storing through hole are coaxially arranged at an initial position, so that the shell material storing through hole can drive the shell 7 to advance; the bottom of the shell extension plate 304 is provided with a shell feeding cylinder 312 which drives the shell feeding plate 303 to move forward through a connecting piece, when the shell feeding cylinder 312 extends completely, the shell material storage through hole reaches the top of the shell blanking pipe 311, the shell 7 can fall from the shell blanking pipe 311 and fall into the discharging tool 2 above the upright post 6, so that the shell 7 is sleeved on the upright post 6, and the shell blanking 309 cylinder can lift the shell blanking guide plate 309, so that the discharging upper plate 201 of the discharging tool 2 is lifted and moved to the next station.
As shown in fig. 7 to 9, the copper cap spring feeding mechanism 4 includes a copper cap feeding channel 401 and a spring feeding mechanism; a plurality of copper covers 8 are tightly arranged in the copper cover feeding channel 401 in a single row, the spring feeding mechanism is provided with a spring feeding base 402, a spring feeding mounting seat 403 is fixedly arranged above the spring feeding base 402, a front plate and a rear plate of the spring feeding mounting seat 403 are respectively provided with a spring blanking plate 404 and a spring extension plate 405, a spring feeding guide rail 406 is arranged on the spring extension plate 405, a spring feeding slide block 407 is slidably arranged on the spring feeding guide rail 406, a spring feeding plate 409 is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the spring feeding slide block 407 through a connecting plate, the spring feeding plate 408 is arranged to be tightly attached to the top surface of the spring blanking plate 404, a spring pipe connector 409 is arranged on a fixed frame of the spring blanking plate 404, and the spring pipe connector is arranged above the spring feeding plate 408; the spring feeding plate 408 is provided with a spring material storage through hole, the front end of the spring extension plate 405 is provided with a spring blanking cylinder 410, an expansion link of the spring blanking cylinder 410 is fixedly connected with a spring blanking guide plate 411, a spring blanking pipe 412 is arranged in the center of the spring blanking guide plate 411 in a penetrating mode, the spring blanking guide plate 411 is adjacent to the spring blanking plate 404, and the spring blanking pipe 412 is arranged right above the copper cover feeding channel 401.
Wherein, copper lid spring feed mechanism still includes copper lid vibration dish and spring vibrations dish, the discharge gate of spring vibration dish pass through the hose with spring pipe interface 409 intercommunication, the discharge gate of copper lid vibration dish pass through the hose with the first end intercommunication of copper lid material loading passageway 401, the below of copper lid material loading passageway 401 is provided with directly shakes the ware, the second end of copper lid material loading passageway 401 is connected to twist copper lid and construct.
In the automatic feeding and copper cover screwing device according to the above embodiment of the present invention, when the detection sensor detects that the copper cover 8 is located below, the spring tube interface 409 receives the spring 9 from the spring vibration tray, the spring 9 drops into the spring storage through hole through the channel of the spring tube interface 409, because the channel of the spring tube interface 409 and the spring storage through hole are coaxially arranged at the initial position and the size of the spring storage through hole is slightly larger than that of the spring 9, the spring storage through hole can drive the spring 9 to advance, the spring feeding cylinder 413 is arranged at the bottom of the spring extension plate 405, the spring feeding cylinder 413 drives the spring feeding plate 408 to advance through a connecting piece until the spring storage through hole reaches above the spring blanking pipe 412, and the spring 9 drops from the spring blanking pipe 412, the copper cover 8 falls into the groove of the copper cover 8 in the copper cover feeding channel 401, the copper cover 8 in the copper cover feeding channel 401 is conveyed by the copper cover vibrating disk, and the direct vibration device can generate vibration all the time so that the copper cover 8 in the copper cover feeding channel 401 continuously vibrates and advances to the copper cover screwing mechanism 5.
As shown in fig. 9, the copper cap screwing mechanism 5 is provided with a rotary feeding mechanism and a rotary jacking mechanism, the lifting rotary feeding mechanism is provided with a feeding mounting plate 501, the feeding mounting plate 501 is slidably provided with a feeding platen 502, a lifting cylinder 503 is arranged at the top of the feeding mounting plate 501, an expansion rod of the lifting cylinder 503 is fixedly connected with the feeding platen 502, the feeding platen 502 is horizontally erected with a rotary mounting plate 504, the rotary mounting plate 504 is slidably provided with an active rack 505, the rotary mounting plate 504 is rotatably provided with a rotating shaft 506 in a penetrating manner, the top of the rotating shaft 506 is fixedly provided with a driven gear 507, the active rack 505 and the driven gear 507 are engaged with each other, the bottom of the rotating shaft is provided with a cylinder mounting plate 508, and both ends of the bottom of the cylinder mounting plate 508 are provided with finger cylinders 509, the rotary jacking mechanism is arranged below the finger cylinder 509 on one side.
As shown in fig. 10, the clamping jaw of the finger cylinder 509 is provided with an upper clamping block and a lower clamping block, the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are respectively provided with an upper clamping groove 509a and a lower clamping groove 509b, the size of the upper clamping groove 509a is smaller than that of the lower clamping groove 509b, and both sides of the finger cylinder 509 are provided with pressing plates.
According to the automatic feeding copper cap screwing device provided by the embodiment of the invention, two lifting slide rails 510 are vertically arranged on the feeding mounting plate 501, and the feeding bedplate 502 is slidably arranged on the feeding mounting plate 501 through the lifting slide rails 510; a rotating linear guide rail 511 is installed on the rotating mounting plate 504, a rotating linear slider 512 is arranged at the bottom of the driving rack 505, the driving rack 505 is arranged on the rotating mounting plate 504 in a manner of being matched and sliding with the rotating linear guide rail 511 through the rotating linear slider 512, a rotating driving cylinder 513 is arranged on the rotating mounting plate 504 in parallel with the rotating linear guide rail 511, and a telescopic rod of the rotating driving cylinder 513 is fixedly connected with the rotating linear slider 512; when the material placing tool 2 is loaded with the upright post 6 and the shell 7 and rotated to the position below the copper cover screwing mechanism 5 through the rotating platform 1, the lifting cylinder 503 can drive the material loading bedplate 502 to descend along the lifting slide rail 510, the pressing plate of the finger cylinder 509 positioned at one side above the material placing tool 2 can descend to press down the material placing upper plate 201, so that the shell 7 and the upright post 6 are exposed, the finger cylinder 509 can clamp the shell 7 and the upright post 6, because the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are respectively provided with an upper clamping groove 509a and a lower clamping groove 509b, and the size of the upper clamping groove 509a is smaller than that of the lower clamping groove 509b, the upper clamping groove 509a and the lower clamping groove 509b can respectively and stably clamp the exposed top structure and the shell 7 structure of the upright post 6, and after the finger cylinder 509 is stably clamped, the lifting cylinder 503, rotatory actuating cylinder 513 can drive rotatory straight line slider 512 is followed rotatory linear guide 511 advances to the drive driven gear 507 is rotatory and order about the centre gripping to the finger cylinder 509 of shell 7 and stand 6 is rotatory extremely rotatory climbing mechanism top, thereby accomplishes the installation of shell 7 and copper lid 8, the installation back the finger cylinder 509 can loosen the product, the order the product certainly flitch landing unloading, simultaneously lifting cylinder 503 and rotatory actuating cylinder 513 all reverse operation thereby are convenient for transport next group shell 7 and stand 6 to rotatory climbing mechanism top.
As shown in fig. 11 and 12, the rotary jacking mechanism is provided with an installation back plate 514, the top of the installation back plate 514 is horizontally provided with an installation top plate 515, the installation top plate 515 is provided with a spring copper cover feeding mechanism, the installation top plate 515 is provided with a jacking through hole, the installation back plate 514 is provided with a jacking sliding plate 516 in a sliding manner, the side surface of the installation back plate 514 is provided with a jacking cylinder 517, an expansion rod of the jacking cylinder 517 is fixedly connected with the jacking sliding plate 516, the jacking sliding plate 516 is vertically provided with a rotary motor 518, and the top end of an output shaft of the rotary motor 518 is provided with a rotary thimble 519.
The spring copper cover feeding mechanism comprises a material taking cylinder 520 and a material taking block 521, a telescopic rod of the material taking cylinder 520 is fixedly connected with the material taking block 521, and a material taking groove 521a is formed in the side of the material taking block 521; when the strip cylinder 520 contracts, the strip trough 521a is communicated with the second end of the copper cap feeding channel 401, and when the strip cylinder 520 extends, the strip trough 521a moves to a position right above the jacking through hole.
According to the automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device disclosed by the embodiment of the invention, a material plate is erected at the top of the installation top plate 515; when the finger cylinder 509 comes above the rotary jacking mechanism with the housing 7 and upright 6, the copper cap 8 and the spring 9 can enter the strip trough 521a along the copper cap feeding channel 401 due to the vibration of the vertical vibration device, at this time, the strip cylinder 520 extends, the strip block 521 will bring the copper cover 8 and the spring 9 to move right above the jacking through hole, the jacking cylinder 517 will jack up to drive the jacking sliding plate 516 to ascend, the rotating motor 518 will start to rotate during the ascending process, an output shaft of the rotating motor 518 is connected with a connecting rod through a coupler, the top of the connecting rod is fixedly provided with the rotating thimble 519, the rotary thimble 519 rotates to pass through the jacking through hole while rising and drives the copper cover 8 and the spring 9 to spirally rise, during the lifting process, the external thread of the copper cover is screwed into the internal thread of the outer shell to complete the assembly.
The specific operation process of this embodiment is as follows:
1. the shell 7, the spring 9 and the copper cover 8 are respectively fed into the shell vibration disc, the spring vibration disc and the copper cover vibration disc in advance, the shell vibration disc is communicated with the shell pipe interface 3308, the spring vibration disc is communicated with the spring pipe interface 409, and the copper cover vibration disc is communicated with the copper cover feeding channel 401;
2. starting the device, starting the driving motor 103 to rotate, rotating the discharging tool 2 carrying the upright 6 to the lower part of the housing discharging pipe 311 through the rotating platform 1, at which time the cam divider 102 enters an intermittent period to stop rotating, the housing discharging cylinder 309 driving the housing discharging guide plate 310 to press down to make the discharging upper plate 201 press down to expose the upright 6 on the discharging rod 204, the housing 7 entering the housing pipe interface 308 through the hose, the housing feeding cylinder 312 starting to drive the housing feeding plate 307 to move forward, the housing 7 advancing along the housing discharging plate 303 through the housing storing through hole until moving to the housing discharging guide plate 310 and positioning and dropping from the housing discharging pipe 311 onto the upright 6, so that the upright 6 passes through the top through hole of the housing 7 to make the housing 7 sleeve on the upright 6, at this time, the shell blanking cylinder 309 is lifted, the shell blanking guide plate 310 is lifted, the discharging upper plate 201 is pushed to rise back by the spring, the ring sleeve 205 is sleeved on the upright post 6, and the cam divider 102 starts to rotate again;
3. when the discharging tool 2 brings the outer shell 7 and the upright post 6 to the lower part of the finger cylinder 509 at one side, the cam divider 102 enters the intermission period again to stop rotating, the lifting cylinder 503 drives the feeding platen 502 to descend along the lifting slide rail 510, so that the finger cylinder 509 descends, when the discharging upper plate 201 is pressed downwards to expose the outer shell 7 and the upright post 6, the finger cylinder 509 clamps, the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block clamp the upright post 6 and the outer shell 7 respectively, after clamping is completed, the lifting cylinder 503 lifts, the rotation driving cylinder 513 drives the rotation linear slide block 512 to advance along the rotation linear guide 511, so as to drive the driven gear 507 to rotate, so that the finger cylinder 509 with the outer shell 7 and the upright post 6 clamped is driven to rotate to the upper part of the rotation jacking mechanism, before that, the spring 9 falls into the groove of the copper cover 8 through the spring feeding mechanism, the copper cover 8 and the spring 9 can enter the belt material groove 521a due to the vibration of the vertical vibration device, at this time, the belt material cylinder 520 extends, the belt material block 521 can drive the copper cover 8 and the spring 9 to move right above the jacking through hole, the jacking cylinder 517 can push up to drive the jacking sliding plate 516 to ascend, the rotating motor 518 starts to rotate in the ascending process, the rotating thimble 519 rotates while ascending to penetrate through the jacking through hole and drives the copper cover 8 and the spring 9 to spirally ascend together, and in the ascending process, the copper cover 8 can be screwed with the shell 7 to complete the assembly;
4. after the assembly is completed, the finger cylinder 9 is released, the product slides down from the flitch, the rotation driving cylinder 513 retracts to drive the finger cylinder 9 to rotate reversely, and meanwhile, the lifting cylinder 503 descends to start the next round of feeding.
While the foregoing is directed to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic copper lid device is twisted in material loading which characterized in that includes: the device comprises a rotary platform, a discharging tool, a shell feeding mechanism, a copper cover spring feeding mechanism and a copper cover screwing mechanism;
the blowing frock sets up with rotating the top surface of rotary platform, the stand has been deposited to the blowing frock, shell feed mechanism sets up rotary platform is other, shell feed mechanism's blanking mouth sets up the rotatory track top of blowing frock, shell feed mechanism is used for receiving the shell and will the shell cover is established on the stand, it sets up to twist copper lid mechanism the rotary platform is other, the material loading part setting of twisting copper lid mechanism is in the rotatory track top of blowing frock, copper lid spring feed mechanism with twist copper lid mechanism intercommunication, copper lid spring feed mechanism is used for receiving and equipment copper lid and spring and will copper lid and spring transport to twist copper lid mechanism, twist copper lid mechanism be used for with shell, stand, copper lid and spring equipment are in the same place.
2. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device of claim 1, wherein the rotating platform comprises a rotating platen, a cam divider and a driving motor, an output shaft of the driving motor is fixedly connected with an input shaft of the cam divider, and an output shaft of the cam divider is fixedly arranged in the center of the rotating platen in a penetrating manner.
3. The automatic feeding copper cover screwing device of claim 1, wherein the feeding tool is provided with a feeding upper plate and a feeding lower plate which are connected through two symmetrically arranged plug-and-screw bolts, a feeding through hole is formed in the center of the feeding upper plate, a feeding rod is fixedly arranged in the center of the feeding lower plate in a penetrating manner, the feeding rod is arranged in the feeding through hole in a penetrating manner, a return spring is arranged between the feeding upper plate and the feeding lower plate, a ring sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the feeding upper plate, a rear end fixing seat of the ring sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the feeding upper plate through a bolt, and a front end annular sleeve of the ring sleeve is sleeved on the feeding rod.
4. The automatic feeding copper cap screwing device of claim 1, wherein the shell feeding mechanism is provided with a shell feeding base, a shell feeding mounting seat is fixedly arranged above the shell feeding base, a shell blanking plate and a shell extension plate are respectively arranged on a front plate and a rear plate of the shell feeding mounting seat, a shell feeding guide rail is arranged on the shell extension plate, a shell feeding slide block is slidably arranged on the shell feeding guide rail, a shell feeding plate is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the shell feeding slide block through a connecting plate, the shell feeding plate is arranged to be tightly attached to the top surface of the shell blanking plate, a shell pipe interface is arranged on a fixed frame on the shell blanking plate, and the shell pipe interface is arranged above the shell feeding plate; the shell blanking device is characterized in that a shell material storage through hole is formed in the shell feeding plate, a shell blanking cylinder is arranged at the front end of the shell extending plate, a telescopic rod of the shell blanking cylinder is fixedly connected with a shell blanking guide plate, a shell blanking pipe penetrates through the center of the shell blanking guide plate, and the shell blanking guide plate is adjacent to the shell blanking plate.
5. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device according to claim 1, wherein the copper cap spring feeding mechanism comprises a copper cap feeding channel and a spring feeding mechanism; a plurality of copper covers are closely arranged in a copper cover feeding channel in a single row, the spring feeding mechanism is provided with a spring feeding base, a spring feeding mounting seat is fixedly arranged above the spring feeding base, a front plate and a rear plate of the spring feeding mounting seat are respectively provided with a spring blanking plate and a spring extension plate, a spring feeding guide rail is arranged on the spring extension plate, a spring feeding slide block is slidably arranged on the spring feeding guide rail, a spring feeding plate is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the spring feeding slide block through a connecting plate and is tightly attached to the top surface of the spring blanking plate, a spring pipe connector is arranged on a fixed frame on the spring blanking plate, and the spring pipe connector is arranged above the spring feeding plate; the spring feeding plate is provided with a spring material storage through hole, the front end of the spring extension plate is provided with a spring blanking cylinder, a telescopic rod of the spring blanking cylinder is fixedly connected with a spring blanking guide plate, a spring blanking pipe penetrates through the center of the spring blanking guide plate, the spring blanking guide plate is adjacent to the spring blanking plate, and the spring blanking pipe is arranged right above the copper cover feeding channel.
6. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device of claim 5, wherein the copper cap spring feeding mechanism further comprises a copper cap vibrating disk and a spring vibrating disk, a discharge port of the spring vibrating disk is communicated with the spring pipe connector through a hose, a discharge port of the copper cap vibrating disk is communicated with a first end of a copper cap feeding channel through a hose, a straight vibrator is arranged below the copper cap feeding channel, and a second end of the copper cap feeding channel is connected to the copper cap screwing mechanism.
7. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device according to claim 1, wherein the copper cap screwing mechanism is provided with a rotary feeding mechanism and a rotary jacking mechanism, the lifting rotary feeding mechanism is provided with a feeding mounting plate, a feeding platen is slidably arranged on the feeding mounting plate, a lifting cylinder is arranged at the top of the feeding mounting plate, a telescopic rod of the lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the feeding platen, a rotary mounting plate is horizontally erected on the feeding platen, a driving rack is slidably arranged on the rotary mounting plate, a rotary shaft is rotatably arranged on the rotary mounting plate in a penetrating manner, a driven gear is fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary shaft, the driving rack and the driven gear are mutually meshed, a cylinder mounting plate is arranged at the bottom of the rotary shaft, and finger cylinders are arranged at two ends of the bottom of the cylinder mounting plate, the rotary jacking mechanism is arranged on one side of the finger cylinder and below the finger cylinder.
8. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device of claim 7, wherein an upper clamping block and a lower clamping block are arranged on a clamping jaw of the finger cylinder, the upper clamping block and the lower clamping block are respectively provided with an upper clamping groove and a lower clamping groove, the size of the upper clamping groove is smaller than that of the lower clamping groove, and pressing plates are arranged on two sides of the finger cylinder.
9. The automatic feeding and copper cover screwing device of claim 7, wherein the rotary jacking mechanism is provided with an installation back plate, the top of the installation back plate is horizontally provided with an installation top plate, the installation top plate is provided with a spring copper cover feeding mechanism, the installation top plate is provided with a jacking through hole, the installation back plate is slidably provided with a jacking sliding plate, the side surface of the installation back plate is provided with a jacking cylinder, a telescopic rod of the jacking cylinder is fixedly connected with the jacking sliding plate, the jacking sliding plate is vertically provided with a rotary motor, and the top end of an output shaft of the rotary motor is provided with a rotary thimble.
10. The automatic feeding and copper cap screwing device of any one of claims 6 or 9, wherein the spring copper cap feeding mechanism comprises a material carrying cylinder and a material carrying block, a telescopic rod of the material carrying cylinder is fixedly connected with the material carrying block, and a material carrying groove is formed in the side of the material carrying block; when the strip cylinder contracts, the strip trough is communicated with the second end of the copper cover feeding channel, and when the strip cylinder extends, the strip trough moves to a position right above the jacking through hole.
CN202010306486.7A 2020-04-17 2020-04-17 Automatic copper lid device is twisted in material loading Active CN111331368B (en)

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CN112107929A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-22 于胜勋 Air purification membrane and preparation method and preparation system thereof
CN112453898A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-03-09 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司 Sprinkler spring equipment

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CN112453898A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-03-09 江西洪都航空工业集团有限责任公司 Sprinkler spring equipment

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