CN111322875A - Casting furnace - Google Patents

Casting furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111322875A
CN111322875A CN202010144187.8A CN202010144187A CN111322875A CN 111322875 A CN111322875 A CN 111322875A CN 202010144187 A CN202010144187 A CN 202010144187A CN 111322875 A CN111322875 A CN 111322875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
push rod
hydraulic push
furnace body
rod
casting
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Granted
Application number
CN202010144187.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111322875B (en
Inventor
赵纪明
黄军
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Fujian Datian Zhichuang Technology Co ltd
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Individual
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D3/14Charging or discharging liquid or molten material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D45/00Equipment for casting, not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D3/15Tapping equipment; Equipment for removing or retaining slag
    • F27D3/1545Equipment for removing or retaining slag
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Vertical, Hearth, Or Arc Furnaces (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of casting furnaces, in particular to a casting furnace which comprises a furnace body, a cinder hopper, a tamping rod, a circular plate, a side plate, a first hydraulic push rod, a circular long cylinder, a concave frame, a U-shaped refractory brick frame, a strip-shaped slide block, a connecting slide block, a molten liquid pot, a support rod, a bearing rod, a second hydraulic push rod, a molten liquid guide groove block and a ceramic conical shell. According to the invention, high-temperature molten metal can be poured out conveniently, quickly, safely and safely, and is convenient to be drained to a corresponding casting mold through the molten metal flow guide groove block, and the first hydraulic push rod is started to run in an alternate telescopic state to drive the tamping rod and the ceramic conical shell which are connected through the circular plate to pull and pull in a reciprocating manner in the long cylinder, so that coal slag in the furnace body can be cleaned conveniently, personnel cleaning operation is replaced, and safe production is ensured.

Description

Casting furnace
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of casting furnaces, in particular to a casting furnace.
Background
Casting is an ancient manufacturing method, and can trace back to 6000 years in China, and with the development of industrial technology, the quality of cast large castings directly influences the quality of products, so that casting plays an important role in the mechanical manufacturing industry, the development of casting technology is rapid, particularly in the last 19 th century and the first half of 20 th century, a plurality of new casting methods such as low-pressure casting, ceramic casting, continuous casting and the like appear, and the casting method is perfect and practical in the second half of 20 th century.
The problem that the slag is inconvenient to clean exists in the existing large casting furnace, potential safety hazards also exist in personnel operation and cleaning, and meanwhile, the heated high-temperature metal liquid also has the complexity of taking out and hoisting, so that the metal liquid cannot be poured out conveniently, quickly and effectively and drained to the corresponding die. Therefore, a casting furnace is proposed to address the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a casting furnace.
The invention realizes the aim through the following technical scheme, and the casting furnace comprises a furnace body, a side rotating mechanism and a dredging mechanism, wherein the bottom of the furnace body is provided with three coal cinder hoppers in a communicating way, and the bottoms of the three coal cinder hoppers are arranged on the same circular long cylindrical annular surface in a communicating way; the side turning mechanism comprises a U-shaped refractory brick frame, a strip-shaped sliding block is arranged on one side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame, the interior of the strip-shaped sliding block is movably connected with one end of a push rod of a second hydraulic push rod through a connecting sliding block, the middle part of the second hydraulic push rod is movably arranged on the corresponding position of a bearing rod, a melting pot is arranged in the U-shaped refractory brick frame, and two sides of the top of the U-shaped refractory brick frame are rotatably arranged between two side walls of the top of a concave frame; dredge the mechanism and include the tamper, ceramic tapered shell is installed to the equidistance on the tamper, and tamper one end is installed at the plectane middle part, the plectane both sides are installed in the push rod one end of the first hydraulic push rod that corresponds, and two first hydraulic push rod passes through curb plate and long section of thick bamboo port both sides fixed connection.
Preferably, both ends of the bearing rod are fixedly connected with both ends of the edge of one side of the top of the furnace body through the supporting rods, and three concave annular grooves are formed in the annular surface of the bearing rod at equal intervals.
Preferably, the number of the second hydraulic push rods is three, and the second hydraulic push rods are movably connected with the corresponding concave ring grooves.
Preferably, a molten metal diversion groove block is installed at the top of one side wall of the furnace body, and supporting legs are installed at four corners of the bottom of the furnace body.
Preferably, the tamping rod and the ceramic conical shell are positioned in the round long cylinder, and the length of the tamping rod is greater than that of the round long cylinder.
Preferably, the concave frames are three and are equidistantly arranged at the top of the furnace body.
Preferably, the port of the melting pot is positioned on the top end face of the U-shaped refractory brick frame, and the melting pot is positioned in the glowing coal blocks in the furnace body.
Preferably, the middle part of the side plate is provided with a through hole, and a push rod part of the first hydraulic push rod penetrates through the through hole.
Preferably, the first hydraulic push rod and the second hydraulic push rod are connected with external hydraulic output control equipment through corresponding guide pipes.
Preferably, the two sides of the concave frame are communicated with the two side walls of the furnace body, and the bottoms of the two sides of the concave frame and the bottom of the side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame are of semicircular structures.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the casting furnace is reasonable in design, can pour out high-temperature molten metal conveniently, laborsavingly and safely, and is convenient to drain the molten metal to a corresponding casting mold through the molten metal flow guide groove block.
(2) This kind of casting furnace reasonable in design is in the reciprocal pull in the long cylinder of ram and ceramic tapered shell that the flexible state operation push-and-pull was connected through the plectane through starting first hydraulic push rod to be convenient for clear away the cinder in the furnace body, replaced personnel's clearance operation, guarantee the safety in production.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive exercise.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the tamper of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. furnace body, 2, cinder fill, 3, ram, 4, plectane, 5, curb plate, 6, first hydraulic push rod, 7, the long section of thick bamboo of circle, 8, concave frame, 9, U type firebrick frame, 10, bar slider, 11, linking slider, 12, melt pot, 13, branch, 14, carrier bar, 15, second hydraulic push rod, 16, metal liquid water conservancy diversion groove block, 17, ceramic tapered shell.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious and understandable, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the embodiments described below are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by the specific implementation mode in combination with the attached drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-4, a casting furnace comprises a furnace body 1, a side turning mechanism and a dredging mechanism, wherein three coal slag hoppers 2 are arranged at the bottom of the furnace body 1 in a communicating manner, and the bottoms of the three coal slag hoppers 2 are arranged on the annular surface of the same long cylinder 7 in a communicating manner;
the side-turning mechanism comprises a U-shaped refractory brick frame 9, a strip-shaped sliding block 10 is installed on one side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9, the interior of the strip-shaped sliding block 10 is movably connected with one end of a push rod of a second hydraulic push rod 15 through a connecting sliding block 11, the middle part of the second hydraulic push rod 15 is movably installed on a corresponding position of a bearing rod 14, a melt pot 12 is installed in the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9, and two sides of the top of the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9 are rotatably installed between two side walls of the top of a concave frame 8;
dredge the mechanism and include tamper 3, equidistant ceramic tapered shell 17 of installing on tamper 3, and 3 one end of tamper are installed at 4 middle parts of plectane, 4 both sides of plectane are installed in the push rod one end of the first hydraulic push rod 6 that corresponds, and two first hydraulic push rod 6 passes through curb plate 5 and the 7 port both sides fixed connection of a circle length section of thick bamboo.
Two ends of the bearing rod 14 are fixedly connected with two ends of the edge of one side of the top of the furnace body 1 through the support rod 13, and three concave annular grooves are formed in the annular surface of the bearing rod 14 at equal intervals, so that the corresponding second hydraulic push rod 15 can be conveniently installed; three second hydraulic push rods 15 are arranged, and the three second hydraulic push rods 15 are movably connected with the corresponding concave annular grooves, so that the second hydraulic push rods 15 can be ensured to rotate correspondingly when being contracted or expanded; a molten metal guide groove block 16 is arranged at the top of one side wall of the furnace body 1, and supporting legs are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the furnace body 1, so that molten metal poured out of the molten metal pot 12 can be conveniently guided out; the tamper 3 and the ceramic conical shell 17 are positioned in the long circular cylinder 7, and the length of the tamper 3 is greater than that of the long circular cylinder 7, so that the tamper 3 can be fully inserted into the long circular cylinder 7; the number of the concave frames 8 is three, and the three concave frames 8 are arranged at the top of the furnace body 1 at equal intervals, so that the corresponding U-shaped refractory brick frames 9 can be conveniently installed; the port of the melting pot 12 is positioned on the top end surface of the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9, and the melting pot 12 is positioned in the incandescent coal briquette in the furnace body 1, so that the effect of heating the U-shaped melting pot 12 is achieved; a through hole is formed in the middle of the side plate 5, and a push rod part of the first hydraulic push rod 6 penetrates through the through hole, so that the first hydraulic push rod 6 can conveniently penetrate through the through hole; the first hydraulic push rod 6 and the second hydraulic push rod 15 are both connected with external hydraulic output control equipment through corresponding conduits, so that the effect of controlling the running state of the corresponding hydraulic push rods is achieved; the two sides of the concave frame 8 are communicated with the two side walls of the furnace body 1, and the bottoms of the two sides of the concave frame 8 and the bottom of the side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9 are of semicircular structures, so that the coordination and consistency of the structures of the contact surfaces are ensured.
When the pouring device is used, when high-temperature molten metal in the molten metal pot 12 needs to be poured out, the corresponding second hydraulic push rod 15 is started to be in a contraction state to drive the U-shaped refractory brick frame 9 and the molten metal pot 12 which are connected through the strip-shaped sliding block 10 to obliquely rotate towards one side of the molten metal flow guide groove block 16, and the molten metal pot 12 is in an opening state, so that the high-temperature molten metal can be conveniently, quickly, safely and laborsavingly poured out, and is convenient to flow to a corresponding casting mold through the molten metal flow guide groove block 16; when the cinder in the furnace body 1 needs to be cleaned, the first hydraulic push rod 6 is started to run in an alternate telescopic state, the push-pull rod drives the tamping rod 3 and the ceramic conical shell 17 which are connected through the circular plate 4 to be pulled in the circular long cylinder 7 in a reciprocating mode, and the cinder in the furnace body 1 falls into the circular long cylinder 7 through the cinder hopper 2, so that the cinder in the furnace body 1 is conveniently cleaned, personnel cleaning operation is replaced, and safety production is guaranteed.
The above-mentioned embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention, and not for limiting the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A casting furnace is characterized in that: the coal slag dredging device comprises a furnace body (1), a side turning mechanism and a dredging mechanism, wherein three coal slag hoppers (2) are arranged at the bottom of the furnace body (1) in a communicating manner, and the bottoms of the three coal slag hoppers (2) are arranged on the annular surface of the same long cylinder (7) in a communicating manner; the side turning mechanism comprises a U-shaped refractory brick frame (9), a strip-shaped sliding block (10) is installed on one side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame (9), the strip-shaped sliding block (10) is internally and movably connected with one end of a push rod of a second hydraulic push rod (15) through a connecting sliding block (11), the middle part of the second hydraulic push rod (15) is movably installed on the corresponding position of a bearing rod (14), a melt pot (12) is installed in the U-shaped refractory brick frame (9), and two sides of the top of the U-shaped refractory brick frame (9) are rotatably installed between two side walls of the top of a concave frame (8); dredge mechanism and include tamper (3), pottery tapered shell (17) are installed to equidistant ceramic cone shell (17) in tamper (3), and tamper (3) one end is installed at plectane (4) middle part, plectane (4) both sides are installed in the push rod one end of the first hydraulic push rod (6) that corresponds, and two first hydraulic push rod (6) are through curb plate (5) and the long section of thick bamboo (7) port both sides fixed connection of circle.
2. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: two ends of the bearing rod (14) are fixedly connected with two ends of the edge of one side of the top of the furnace body (1) through the supporting rod (13), and three concave ring grooves are formed in the annular surface of the bearing rod (14) at equal intervals.
3. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the number of the second hydraulic push rods (15) is three, and the second hydraulic push rods are movably connected with the corresponding concave ring grooves.
4. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top of one side wall of the furnace body (1) is provided with a molten metal diversion groove block (16), and four corners of the bottom of the furnace body (1) are provided with supporting legs.
5. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the tamper (3) and the ceramic conical shell (17) are positioned in the round long cylinder (7), and the length of the tamper (3) is greater than that of the round long cylinder (7).
6. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the concave frame (8) is three and three, and the concave frame (8) is equidistantly arranged at the top of the furnace body (1).
7. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the port of the melting pot (12) is positioned on the top end surface of the U-shaped refractory brick frame (9), and the melting pot (12) is positioned in the glowing coal block in the furnace body (1).
8. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the middle part of the side plate (5) is provided with a through hole, and a push rod part of a first hydraulic push rod (6) penetrates through the through hole.
9. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first hydraulic push rod (6) and the second hydraulic push rod (15) are connected with external hydraulic pressure through corresponding guide pipes and output control equipment.
10. A casting furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that: the two sides of the concave frame (8) are communicated with the two side walls of the furnace body (1), and the bottoms of the two sides of the concave frame (8) and the bottom of the side wall of the U-shaped refractory brick frame (9) are of semicircular structures.
CN202010144187.8A 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Casting furnace Active CN111322875B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010144187.8A CN111322875B (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Casting furnace

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010144187.8A CN111322875B (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Casting furnace

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CN111322875B CN111322875B (en) 2022-09-02

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203197242U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-09-18 郑州发祥铝业有限公司 Slag-removing tool for holding furnace
CN206479024U (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-09-08 中洲传动科技(江西)有限公司 A kind of intermediate frequency furnace
CN206974161U (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-02-06 河南豫光锌业有限公司 Combined zinc alloy production metallurgical furnace
CN208983380U (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-06-14 湖南省农友机械集团有限公司 It is a kind of multistage except slag hearth
CN110666146A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-01-10 辽宁忠旺集团有限公司 Portable aluminum alloy casting device and pouring method
CN209969540U (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-01-21 杭州长盛机械有限公司 Pouring device of intermediate frequency furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203197242U (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-09-18 郑州发祥铝业有限公司 Slag-removing tool for holding furnace
CN206479024U (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-09-08 中洲传动科技(江西)有限公司 A kind of intermediate frequency furnace
CN206974161U (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-02-06 河南豫光锌业有限公司 Combined zinc alloy production metallurgical furnace
CN208983380U (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-06-14 湖南省农友机械集团有限公司 It is a kind of multistage except slag hearth
CN209969540U (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-01-21 杭州长盛机械有限公司 Pouring device of intermediate frequency furnace
CN110666146A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-01-10 辽宁忠旺集团有限公司 Portable aluminum alloy casting device and pouring method

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