CN111318878B - Automatic production process of magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump - Google Patents

Automatic production process of magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111318878B
CN111318878B CN202010210088.5A CN202010210088A CN111318878B CN 111318878 B CN111318878 B CN 111318878B CN 202010210088 A CN202010210088 A CN 202010210088A CN 111318878 B CN111318878 B CN 111318878B
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cylinder
plate
impeller
lower shell
blood pump
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CN111318878A (en
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曾治民
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ZHEJIANG ZHONGZAI MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Zhejiang Zhongzai Medical Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M60/00Blood pumps; Devices for mechanical circulatory actuation; Balloon pumps for circulatory assistance
    • A61M60/20Type thereof
    • A61M60/205Non-positive displacement blood pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2207/00Methods of manufacture, assembly or production

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Anesthesiology (AREA)
  • Cardiology (AREA)
  • Hematology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • External Artificial Organs (AREA)
  • Structures Of Non-Positive Displacement Pumps (AREA)

Abstract

An automatic production process of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump relates to the technical field of blood pump production for cardiovascular internal medicine, and comprises the following steps: step 1, a lower shell feeding and positioning step; step 2, assembling the central shell into the lower shell; step 3, automatically assembling a blood pump rotor; step 4, assembling the blood pump rotor into the lower shell; step 5, assembling the upper shell on the lower shell; and 6, automatically discharging. The invention realizes the automatic production of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump, the process steps are smoothly connected, the process design is ingenious, the efficiency is improved by 8-10 times compared with the manual production of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump, one person can be responsible for 2-3 production lines, more than 80% of labor can be saved, the yield is high, and the economic value is better.

Description

Automatic production process of magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of production of blood pumps for cardiovascular medicine, in particular to an automatic production process of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump.
Background
In cardiovascular medicine, the clinical use of artificial hearts (or blood pumps) as a bridge to heart transplantation or as a form of end-stage treatment to support patients with advanced heart disease has become an accepted clinical practice. The number of patients suffering from heart disease requiring a heart replacement operation is quite large, but the serious shortage of transplant donors makes the treatment of most heart disease patients difficult, and even loses the chance of survival. Therefore, the development of a high-performance heart pump is of great significance. With the development of science and technology, heart pumps are developed from first-generation pneumatic pulse pumps to second-generation mechanical bearing impeller pumps and now to third-generation magnetic suspension type blood pumps.
As shown in fig. 10, the magnetic suspension type blood pump includes an upper shell (in which a coil, a stator core and an upper end cover are installed), a lower shell (in which a coil, a stator core, a lower end cover and a magnetic suspension static magnetic ring are installed), a central shaft shell and a blood pump rotor (the blood pump rotor is assembled by an impeller, a bearing magnetic pile, a motor magnet and a base). Traditional magnetcisuspension floating blood pump production whole journey relies on artifical manual operation to operate, and work efficiency is low like this, needs to improve.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic production process of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump to solve the problems in the background technology.
The invention provides an automatic production process of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump, which comprises the following steps:
step 1, lower shell feeding and positioning: the automatic assembling device is characterized by comprising a rotating mechanism, a lower shell feeding mechanism, a central shaft shell feeding mechanism, an impeller feeding mechanism, an upper shell feeding mechanism, a pressing mechanism and a discharging mechanism are sequentially arranged around the rotating mechanism, the lower shell feeding mechanism comprises a first carrying mechanical arm and a lower shell conveying belt, the first carrying mechanical arm is positioned between the lower shell conveying belt and the rotating mechanism, a first overturning assembly and a second overturning assembly which are oppositely arranged are arranged on the lower shell conveying belt, the central shaft shell feeding mechanism comprises a second carrying mechanical arm and a feeding assembly, the second carrying mechanical arm is positioned between the feeding assembly and the rotating mechanism, the impeller feeding mechanism comprises a third carrying mechanical arm and an impeller conveying belt, the third carrying mechanical arm is positioned between the impeller conveying belt and the rotating mechanism, blood pump rotor automatic assembling equipment is arranged beside the impeller conveying belt, and the upper shell feeding mechanism comprises a fourth carrying mechanical arm and an upper shell conveying belt, the fourth carrying manipulator is positioned between the upper shell conveying belt and the rotating mechanism, a positioning assembly is arranged on the upper shell conveying belt, the blood pump rotor assembling equipment comprises a conveying belt, a bearing magnetic pile press-mounting mechanism, a motor magnet mounting mechanism and a base welding mechanism, a plurality of limiting assemblies which are arranged at equal intervals along the conveying direction of the conveying belt are arranged on the conveying belt, the bearing magnetic pile press-mounting mechanism and the motor magnet mounting mechanism are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying belt, and the base welding mechanism is arranged above the conveying belt; firstly, a stepping motor of a rotating mechanism drives a turntable to rotate, and the turntable drives six processing jigs to synchronously rotate; then, in the rotating process, the lower shell is assembled into a processing jig through a lower shell feeding mechanism, parts inside the lower shell are directly placed on a lower shell conveying belt after being installed, the lower cover end is located at the top end of the lower shell at the moment, and therefore the lower shell needs to be turned over, the second positioning push claw can move towards the arc-shaped edge of the lower shell on the lower shell conveying belt, then the second positioning push claw pushes the lower shell and moves towards the first positioning push claw, then the first positioning push claw is pressed against the plane edge of the lower shell, the second positioning push claw is matched with the first positioning push claw, the lower shell is clamped, then the lower shell is sequentially positioned, and then the lower shell is assembled into the processing jig through a first carrying manipulator;
step 2. assembling the center shell into the lower shell: then assembling the central shell positioned in the spiral feeder into the lower shell through a second carrying manipulator of the central shell feeding mechanism;
step 3, automatically assembling a blood pump rotor: the blood pump rotor assembling equipment realizes automatic assembling of the blood pump rotor;
and 4, assembling the blood pump rotor into the lower shell: then assembling the impeller assembly positioned on the impeller conveying belt into the lower shell through a third carrying manipulator of the impeller feeding mechanism;
and step 5, assembling the upper shell on the lower shell: then assembling the upper shell on the upper shell conveying belt onto the lower shell through a fourth carrying manipulator of the upper shell feeding mechanism; then the upper shell is fixed on the lower shell through a pressing mechanism, a U-shaped pressing block is driven to move downwards through a pressing cylinder, and the two ends of the upper shell can be tightly pressed on the lower shell through the U-shaped pressing block;
step 6, automatic blanking: and finally, the assembled blood pump is carried from the processing jig through a blanking mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the stepping motor and the coupling seat are matched to drive the turntable to rotate, the turntable drives all processing jigs to synchronously rotate, in the rotating process, the lower shell is loaded into the processing jigs through the lower shell loading mechanism, the central shaft shell is automatically inserted into the lower shell through the central shaft shell loading mechanism, the blood pump rotor automatic assembly equipment completes automatic assembly of the blood pump rotor, then the assembled blood pump rotor is loaded into the lower shell through the impeller loading mechanism, the upper shell is fixed on the lower shell through the upper shell loading mechanism, the upper shell and the lower shell are tightly pressed through the pressing mechanism, and the assembled blood pump is automatically discharged through the discharging mechanism, so that automatic assembly of the blood pump is realized, and the production efficiency is improved.
Secondly, the lower shell on the lower shell conveying belt can be overturned and positioned through the first overturning component and the second overturning component, the second positioning push claw moves towards the lower shell on the lower shell conveying belt in a working mode, then the second positioning push claw is matched with the first positioning push claw to clamp the lower shell, then the lifting cylinders on the first overturning component and the second overturning component work to drive the bearing plate to ascend, then the overturning motor drives the first gear to rotate, the first gear drives the second gear and the rotating shaft to rotate 180 degrees around the axis of the rotating shaft, the U-shaped plate, the first positioning push claw, the second positioning push claw and the lower shell rotate 180 degrees along with the rotating shaft, because the front end surfaces of the first baffle and the second baffle are coplanar with the front end surface of the first positioning push claw, when the second positioning push claw pushes the lower shell to push the first positioning push claw, the planar edge of the lower shell can abut against the front end of the first positioning push claw, thereby let the inferior valve be fixed a position, the later stage processing of being convenient for like this can be by accurate centre gripping.
Thirdly, the process steps of the invention are linked smoothly, the process design is ingenious, compared with the artificially produced magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump, the efficiency is improved by 8-10 times, one person can be responsible for 2-3 production lines, more than 80% of labor can be saved, the yield is high, and the invention has better economic value.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a rotor of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump;
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the rotating mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a lower shell feeding mechanism;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a feeding mechanism of the center shaft housing;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of an impeller loading mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a lower shell feeding mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of the pressing mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a schematic illustration of a disassembled magnetic levitation type blood pump;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a centrifugal blood pump rotor;
FIG. 11 is an exploded view of the centrifugal blood pump rotor;
fig. 12 is a perspective view of a blood pump rotor assembly apparatus;
FIG. 13 is a top schematic view of a blood pump rotor assembly apparatus;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the motor magnet mounting mechanism;
FIG. 15 is a partially exploded view of the motor magnet mounting mechanism;
FIG. 16 is a schematic perspective view of the bearing stack press-fitting mechanism and the conveyor belt;
FIG. 17 is a partial perspective view of the bearing stack press-fitting mechanism;
FIG. 18 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 17;
FIG. 19 is a schematic front view of the base welding mechanism;
fig. 20 is a partial perspective view of the base welding mechanism.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention.
The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention.
All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 20, an embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic production process of a magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump, including the following steps:
step 1, lower shell feeding and positioning: the automatic feeding device is characterized in that a rotating mechanism 1 is arranged, a lower shell feeding mechanism 2, a central shaft shell feeding mechanism 3, an impeller feeding mechanism 4, an upper shell feeding mechanism 5, a pressing mechanism 6 and a discharging mechanism 7 are sequentially arranged around the rotating mechanism 1, the lower shell feeding mechanism 2 comprises a first carrying mechanical arm 21 and a lower shell conveying belt 22, the first carrying mechanical arm 21 is positioned between the lower shell conveying belt 22 and the rotating mechanism 1, a first overturning component 23 and a second overturning component 24 which are oppositely arranged are arranged on the lower shell conveying belt 22, the central shaft shell feeding mechanism 3 comprises a second carrying mechanical arm 31 and a feeding component 32, the second carrying mechanical arm 31 is positioned between the feeding component 32 and the rotating mechanism 1, the impeller feeding mechanism 4 comprises a third carrying mechanical arm 41 and an impeller conveying belt 42, the third carrying mechanical arm 41 is positioned between the impeller conveying belt 42 and the rotating mechanism 1, the automatic blood pump rotor assembling device 8 is arranged beside the impeller conveying belt 42, the upper shell feeding mechanism 5 comprises a fourth conveying manipulator 51 and an upper shell conveying belt 52, the fourth conveying manipulator 51 is positioned between the upper shell conveying belt 52 and the rotating mechanism 1, a positioning assembly 53 is arranged on the upper shell conveying belt 52, the blood pump rotor assembling device 8 comprises a conveying belt 500, a bearing magnetic pile press-mounting mechanism 600, a motor magnet installation mechanism 700 and a base welding mechanism 800, a plurality of limiting assemblies 811 which are arranged at equal intervals along the conveying direction of the conveying belt 500 are arranged on the conveying belt 500, the bearing magnetic pile press-mounting mechanism 600 and the motor magnet installation mechanism 700 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying belt 500, and the base welding mechanism 800 is arranged above the conveying belt 500; in the working process of the rotating mechanism 1, the first carrying manipulator 21 can sequentially load the lower shells on the lower shell conveying belt 22 onto the rotating mechanism 1, the central shaft shells on the feeding assembly 32 can be sequentially loaded into the lower shell on the rotating mechanism 1 by the second carrying manipulator 31, the blood pump rotors on the impeller conveyer belt 42 can be sequentially loaded into the lower shell of the rotating mechanism 1 by the third carrying manipulator 41, the upper shells on the upper shell conveyor belt 52 can be fixed in turn to the lower shell on the turning mechanism 1 by the fourth carrying robot 51, the upper shell and the lower shell can be pressed and fixed through the pressing mechanism 6, the assembled blood pump can be moved away from the rotating mechanism 1 through the blanking mechanism 7, wherein, the blood pump rotor assembled by the blood pump rotor assembling device 8 is carried to the impeller conveyer belt 42 by a manipulator and assembled with the lower shell, the central shaft shell and the upper shell;
firstly, a stepping motor 12 drives a turntable 14 to rotate, the turntable 14 drives six processing jigs 15 to synchronously rotate, and in the rotating process, a lower shell is assembled in the processing jigs 15 through a lower shell feeding mechanism 2; after the parts in the lower shell are completely assembled, the parts are directly placed on the lower shell conveying belt 22, and the end of the lower cover is positioned at the top end of the lower shell, so that the parts need to be turned over, the parts can move to the arc-shaped edge of the upper shell and the lower shell of the lower shell conveying belt 22 through the second positioning push claw 241, then the lower shell is pushed by the second positioning push claw 241 and moves to the first positioning push claw 239, then the first positioning push claw 239 abuts against the plane edge of the lower shell, the second positioning push claw 241 is matched with the first positioning push claw 239, the lower shell is clamped, and then the lower shell is sequentially positioned; then the lower shell is assembled into the processing jig 15 by the first carrying robot 21;
step 2. assembling the center shell into the lower shell: the central shell located in the screw feeder 322 is then fitted into the lower shell by the second handling robot 31;
step 3, automatically assembling a blood pump rotor: the blood pump rotor assembling equipment 8 realizes automatic assembly of the blood pump rotor;
and 4, assembling the blood pump rotor into the lower shell: then, a blood pump rotor positioned on the impeller conveying belt 42 is assembled into the lower shell through a third carrying manipulator 41;
and step 5, assembling the upper shell on the lower shell: then the upper case on the upper case conveyer belt 52 is assembled to the lower case by the fourth carrying robot 51; then, the upper shell is fixed on the lower shell through the pressing mechanism 6, the U-shaped pressing block 63 is driven to move downwards through the pressing air cylinder 62, and the two ends of the upper shell can be tightly pressed on the lower shell through the U-shaped pressing block 63;
step 6, automatic blanking: and finally, the assembled blood pump is carried out from the processing jig 15 through the blanking mechanism 7.
The automatic assembly of the blood pump rotor in the step 3 comprises the following steps:
step 31, feeding a motor magnet and an impeller: a worker manually places the impeller 100 on the conveyor belt 500, manually places a plurality of bases 400 on the top of the lifting tray 861 in order, places the bearing magnetic pile 200 in the vibration tray 610, places the impeller 100 among the four positioning strips 530, enables the positioning strips 530 to realize positioning operation on the impeller 100, facilitates subsequent assembly operation on the impeller 100, enables the limiting strips 520 to limit the impeller 100, and enables the bearing magnetic pile 200 and the motor magnet 300 to be accurately installed on the impeller 100;
and 32, pressing the bearing magnetic pile in the impeller: the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be pressed in the impeller 100 through the bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism 600, the vibration disc 610 is adopted to feed the bearing magnetic pile 200 without manual operation of workers, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be taken out and automatically pressed in the impeller 100 without manual operation of workers, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the vibration disc 610 can push the bearing magnetic pile 200 towards the direction of the feeding channel 611 when working, the material moving cylinder 621 can push the material pushing plate 630 towards the direction of the trapezoidal block 64 when working, the material pushing plate 630 can drive the bearing magnetic pile 200 to move, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can move to the position where the bearing magnetic pile 200 is abutted against the trapezoidal block 64, the rotating motor 652 can drive the driving gear 655 to rotate, the driving gear 655 can drive the driven gear 654 engaged with the driving gear to rotate, and the rotating cylinder 653 can rotate, the rotary cylinder 653 can drive the fixed frame 664 to rotate through the connecting frame 665, the fixed frame 664 can drive the transmission screw rod 666 and the feeding plate 661 to rotate, the feeding plate 661 can drive the lifting cylinder 663 and the clamping cylinder 662 to rotate, the clamping cylinder 662 can move to a direction close to the vibrating disk 610, the driving motor 66 works to rotate the transmission screw rod 666, the transmission screw rod 666 can drive the feeding plate 661 in threaded connection therewith to move, the feeding plate 661 can drive the lifting cylinder 663 and the clamping cylinder 662 to move to a position above the bearing magnetic stack 200, the lifting cylinder 663 works to move the clamping cylinder 662 to a proper position, the bearing magnetic stack 200 can be clamped by the clamping plate, the clamping cylinder 662 works to clamp the bearing magnetic stack 200 under the action of the clamping plate, the lifting cylinder 663 works to take out the bearing magnetic stack 200, and the clamping cylinder 662 can move to a position above the impeller 100 under the action of the rotary cylinder, the bearing magnetic stack 200 can be pressed on the impeller 100 under the re-action of the lifting cylinder 663;
and step 33, pressing four motor magnets into the impeller: the conveyer belt 500 moves the impeller 100 after being pressed to the lower part of the motor magnet installation mechanism 700, the grabbing operation of the four motor magnets 300 can be realized through the motor magnet installation mechanism 700, the four motor magnets 300 can be simultaneously installed in the impeller 100, the operation of installing the motor magnets 300 by one by a worker is not needed, the labor amount of the worker is reduced, the automation degree is high, and the popularization is worthy, the worker manually places the four motor magnets 300 matched with the impeller 100 in the four positioning grooves 612 respectively, the four-claw cylinder 762 is convenient to grab the four motor magnets 300, the material pushing cylinder 743 can enable the supporting seat 741 to drive the sliding plate 72 to horizontally move, the sliding plate 72 can drive the four-claw cylinder 762 to move to the upper parts of the four motor magnets 300, the material lifting cylinder 755 can enable the lifting seat 752 to vertically move, and the bearing frame 71 can vertically move, the bearing frame 71 can drive the four-jaw cylinder 762 to lift, a limiting plate 77 at the bottom of each clamping jaw of the four-jaw cylinder 762 moves to a position where the four-jaw cylinder 762 can be abutted against the motor magnet 300, the four-jaw cylinder 762 can work to enable the four clamping jaws to work simultaneously so that the motor magnet 300 can be pressed on a limiting column 763 by the four limiting plates 77, the lifting cylinder 663 works again so that the bearing frame 71 can lift, the four clamped motor magnets 300 can lift, the motor magnet 300 clamped under the work of the material pushing cylinder 743 can be placed into the impeller 100, the lifting cylinder 663 resets, the material pushing cylinder 743 works so that the four-jaw cylinder 762 moves for a short distance, and the lifting cylinder 663 works again so that the limiting plates 77 can press the motor magnet 300 into the impeller 100;
step 34, pressing the base into the impeller and welding and forming: the base welding mechanism 800 can be used for taking out the bases 400 one by one, the bases 400 can be pressed into the impeller 100, the welding operation of the bases 400 and the impeller 100 can be completed under the action of the welder 830, the automation degree is high, manual installation and welding operation of the bases 400 are not needed, economic pressure is reduced for factories, the feeding motor 85 can drive the second chain wheel 855 to rotate under the working action of the welder 830, the second chain wheel 855 can drive the first chain wheel 854 to rotate through the chain 856, the chain 856 can drive the sliding block 871 to move through the driving frame 852 in the moving process, the sliding block 871 can drive the first double-rod cylinder 872 and the second double-rod cylinder 873 to move, the welder 830 and the material taking cylinder 840 can move, the two arc-shaped material taking plates 89 can move relatively under the working action of the material taking cylinder 840, and the two arc-shaped material taking plates 89 can clamp the bases 400 on the uppermost layer, the second double-rod cylinder 873 is reset to enable the base 400 to be taken out, the base 400 can be moved to the position above the conveyor belt 500 under the action of the feeding assembly 820, the second double-rod cylinder 873 can work again to enable the clamped base 400 to be pressed on the impeller 100, the welder 830 can be moved to the position above the impeller 100 under the re-action of the feeding motor 85, the welding operation of the impeller 100 and the base 400 is achieved, and the assembly operation of the blood pump rotor is completed
Specifically, the rotating mechanism 1 comprises a processing table 11, a stepping motor 12, a coupling seat 13 and a rotating disc 14, wherein the stepping motor 12 is vertically installed in the processing table 11, the output end of the stepping motor 12 is fixedly connected with the coupling seat 13, a linkage shaft 141 is arranged at the bottom of the rotating disc 14, the linkage shaft 141 is fixed on the coupling seat 13, and six processing jigs 15 which are arranged at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating disc 14 are arranged on the rotating disc 14; the stepping motor 12 can drive the turntable 14 to rotate around the axis of the linkage shaft 141 in a stepping manner through the linkage shaft base 13, and the six processing jigs 15 on the turntable 14 also rotate along with the rotation.
Specifically, the first carrying manipulator 21, the fourth carrying manipulator 51 and the blanking mechanism 7 have the same structure and each comprise a first bracket 211, a first lifting cylinder 212, a first connecting plate 213, a first electric cylinder 214 and a first screw rod sliding table 215, the first elevating cylinder 212 is vertically installed on the top of the first bracket 211, the first connection plate 213 is horizontally installed on the output end of the first elevating cylinder 212, two first sliding blocks which are symmetrically arranged are arranged on the side wall of the first connecting plate 213, two first sliding grooves 2111 which are in one-to-one sliding fit with the two first sliding blocks are arranged on the first bracket 211, the first electric cylinder 214 is installed upside down at the bottom of the first connection plate 213, the first screw sliding table 215 is installed upside down on the sliding table of the first electric cylinder 214, the first screw rod sliding table 215 is provided with a first flat claw 2151 and a first arc claw 2152 which are arranged at intervals; the first lifting cylinder 212 can drive the first connecting plate 213, the first electric cylinder 214 and the first screw rod sliding table 215 to lift, the first electric cylinder 214 can drive the first screw rod sliding table 215 to move back and forth, and the lower shell is provided with a plane edge and an arc edge, as shown in fig. 9, a first flat claw 2151 and a first arc claw 2152 are designed, so that the lower shell can be conveniently clamped, the first flat claw 2151 and the first arc claw 2152 can be driven to move relatively through the first screw rod sliding table 215, and the first flat claw 2151 and the first arc claw 2152 clamp the lower shell.
Specifically, the first flipping module 23 and the second flipping module 24 have the same structure and each include a lifting cylinder 231, a flipping motor 232, a bearing plate 233, a rotating seat 234, a first gear 235, a second gear 236, a rotating shaft 237 and a U-shaped plate 238, an L-shaped first mounting plate 221 is disposed below the top of the lower shell conveyor belt 22, the lifting cylinder 231 is vertically mounted on the first mounting plate 221, the bearing plate 233 is horizontally mounted on the output end of the lifting cylinder 231, four guide rods 2331 are arranged at the bottom of the bearing plate 233 and are distributed in a rectangular shape, four guide seats 2211 are arranged on the first mounting plate 221 and are in one-to-one guide fit with the four guide rods 2331, the flipping motor 232 and the rotating seat 234 are mounted on the top of the bearing plate 233 at intervals, the rotating shaft 237 is rotatably mounted on the rotating seat 234, the first gear 235 is mounted on the output end of the flipping motor 232, the second gear 236 is mounted at one end of a rotating shaft 237, the second gear 236 is meshed with the first gear 235, the U-shaped plate 238 is mounted at the other end of the rotating shaft 237, the U-shaped plate 238 of the first turnover assembly 23 is mounted with a first positioning push claw 239, the U-shaped plate 238 of the second turnover assembly 24 is mounted with a second positioning push claw 241, the second positioning push claw 241 and the first positioning push claw 239 are oppositely arranged, the lower shell conveyor belt 22 is provided with a first baffle 222 and a second baffle 223 which are arranged at intervals, the first positioning push claw 239 is positioned between the first baffle 222 and the second baffle 223, and front end surfaces of the first baffle 222 and the second baffle 223 are coplanar with front end surfaces of the first positioning push claw 239; after the parts inside the lower shell are loaded, the parts are directly placed on the lower shell conveyor belt 22, the end of the lower cover at the moment is positioned at the top end of the lower shell, and therefore the parts need to be turned, the second positioning push claw 241 can move towards the arc-shaped edge of the upper shell and the lower shell of the lower shell conveyor belt 22, then the second positioning push claw 241 pushes the lower shell and moves towards the first positioning push claw 239, then the first positioning push claw 239 abuts against the plane edge of the lower shell, the second positioning push claw 241 is matched with the first positioning push claw 239 to clamp the lower shell, then the lower shell is sequentially positioned, so that the first carrying manipulator 21 can carry out accurate carrying conveniently, then the lifting cylinders 231 on the first turning component 23 and the second turning component 24 work to drive the bearing plate 233 to rise, then the turning motor 232 drives the first gear 235 to rotate, the first gear 235 drives the second gear 236 and the rotating shaft 237 to rotate 180 degrees around the axis of the rotating shaft 237, the U-shaped plate 238, the first positioning pawl 239, the second positioning pawl 241 and the lower case are all rotated 180 degrees along with the rotating shaft 237, thereby realizing the turnover of the lower case.
Specifically, the second carrying manipulator 31 includes a second support 311, a second lifting cylinder 312, a second connecting plate 313, a second electric cylinder 314 and a clamping jaw cylinder 315, the second lifting cylinder 312 is vertically installed at the top of the second support 311, the second connecting plate 313 is horizontally installed at the output end of the second lifting cylinder 312, two symmetrically-arranged second sliding blocks are arranged on the side wall of the second connecting plate 313, two second sliding grooves 3111 which are in one-to-one sliding fit with the two second sliding blocks are arranged on the second support 311, the second electric cylinder 314 is installed at the bottom of the second connecting plate 313 in an inverted manner, a second mounting plate 3141 which is in an L-shape is installed on the sliding table of the second electric cylinder 314, and the clamping jaw cylinder 315 is vertically installed on the second mounting plate 3141; the second lifting cylinder 312 can drive the second electric cylinder 314 and the clamping jaw air cylinder 315 to lift, the second electric cylinder 314 can drive the clamping jaw air cylinder 315 to move back and forth, the clamping jaw air cylinder 315 can clamp the central shaft shell positioned on the feeding assembly 32, and then the central shaft shell is automatically inserted into the lower shell in the machining jig 15 through the matching of the second lifting cylinder 312 and the second electric cylinder 314.
Specifically, the feeding assembly 32 includes a supporting frame 321 and a spiral feeder 322, the spiral feeder 322 is installed on the top of the supporting frame 321, and the spiral feeder 322 is located right below the second electric cylinder 314; the screw feeder 322 can convey the spindle case in a vertical state, thereby facilitating the conveyance by the second conveying robot 31.
Specifically, the third carrying manipulator 41 includes a third support 411, a third lifting cylinder 412, a third connecting plate 413, a third electric cylinder 414 and a second lead screw sliding table 415, the third lifting cylinder 412 is vertically installed at the top of the third support 411, the third connecting plate 413 is horizontally installed at the output end of the third lifting cylinder 412, two third sliders symmetrically arranged are arranged on the side wall of the third connecting plate 413, two third sliding grooves 4111 which are in one-to-one sliding fit with the two third sliders are arranged on the third support 411, the third electric cylinder 414 is installed at the bottom of the third connecting plate 413 in an inverted manner, the second lead screw sliding table 415 is installed on the sliding table of the third electric cylinder 414 in an inverted manner, and two second arc claws 4151 symmetrically arranged are installed on the second lead screw sliding table 415; the third lifting cylinder 412 can drive the third connecting plate 413, the third electric cylinder 414 and the second screw rod sliding table 415 to lift, the third electric cylinder 414 can drive the second screw rod sliding table 415 to move back and forth, and the blood pump rotor is circular, as shown in fig. 9, two second arc claws 4151 are designed, so that the blood pump rotor can be conveniently clamped, the two second arc claws 4151 can be driven to move relatively through the second screw rod sliding table 415, and the two second arc claws 4151 can clamp the blood pump rotor.
Specifically, the pressing mechanism 6 comprises a fourth support 61, a pressing cylinder 62 and a U-shaped pressing block 63, wherein the pressing cylinder 62 is vertically installed at the top of the fourth support 61, and the U-shaped pressing block 63 is installed at the output end of the pressing cylinder 62; the pressing cylinder 62 can drive the U-shaped pressing block 63 to move downwards, and the U-shaped pressing block 63 can press and fix the upper shell in the processing jig 15 on the lower shell.
Specifically, the positioning assembly 53 includes a third positioning pushing claw 531 and a third baffle 532, the third baffle 532 is vertically disposed at one end of the top of the upper shell conveyor belt 52, the third positioning pushing claw 531 is horizontally disposed at the other end of the top of the upper shell conveyor belt 52, and an output end of the third positioning pushing claw 531 faces the third baffle 532; the third positioning pawl 531 can automatically push the upper shell toward the third blocking plate 532, so as to sequentially position the upper shells on the upper shell conveyor belt 52.
The motor magnet installation mechanism 700 comprises a sliding plate 72, a workbench 73, a pushing assembly 74, a lifting assembly 75, a clamping assembly 76 and a bearing frame 71, wherein the sliding plate 72 can be slidably arranged on the bearing frame 71, the lifting assembly 75 is arranged below the sliding plate 72, the clamping assembly 76 is arranged at the bottom of the sliding plate 72, the pushing assembly 74 is arranged on the side wall of the bearing frame 71, the bearing frame 71 is horizontally arranged above the workbench 73, the clamping assembly 76 comprises a mounting plate 761, a four-jaw air cylinder 762 and a limiting column 763 arranged at the bottom of the mounting plate 761, the four-jaw air cylinder 762 is vertically arranged at the top of the mounting plate 761, a limiting plate 77 is arranged at the bottom of each clamping jaw of the four-jaw air cylinder 762, an arc-shaped groove is arranged on the limiting plate 77, and four bearing rods 78 are arranged between the mounting plate 761 and the sliding plate 72; the motor magnet installation mechanism 700 can realize the grabbing operation of the four motor magnets 300, and can install the four motor magnets 300 in the impeller 100 at the same time, the worker is not required to install the motor magnets 300 one by one, the labor amount of the worker is reduced, the automation degree is high, and the impeller is worthy of popularization, the worker manually places the four motor magnets 300 matched with the impeller 100 in the four positioning grooves 612 respectively, the four-jaw cylinder 762 can grab the four motor magnets 300 conveniently, the material pushing cylinder 743 can enable the supporting seat 741 to drive the sliding plate 72 to horizontally move, the sliding plate 72 can drive the four-jaw cylinder 762 to move above the four motor magnets 300, and the four-jaw cylinder 762 can enable the four clamping jaws to work at the same time to enable the motor magnets 300 to be pressed on the limiting columns 763 by the four limiting plates 77; the bearing magnetic stack press-fitting mechanism 600 can press-fit the bearing magnetic stack 200 in the impeller 100, the vibration disc 610 is adopted to feed the bearing magnetic stack 200 without manual operation of workers, the bearing magnetic stack 200 can be taken out and automatically press-fitted in the impeller 100 without manual operation of workers, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the base welding mechanism 800 can take out the bases 400 one by one and press the bases 400 into the impeller 100, the welding operation of the bases 400 and the impeller 100 can be completed under the action of the welder 830, the bases 400 can be installed and welded under unmanned operation with higher automation degree, the economic pressure is reduced for factories, the impeller 100 is placed among the four positioning strips 530, so that the positioning strips 530 can realize the positioning operation of the impeller 100, and the subsequent assembly operation of the impeller 100 is facilitated, the limiting strip 520 can limit the impeller 100, so that the bearing magnetic stack 200 and the motor magnet 300 can be accurately mounted on the impeller 100.
Specifically, the lifting assembly 75 includes a fixed plate 751 horizontally disposed and two lifting cylinders 755 disposed at the top of the fixed plate 751 at intervals, the two sides of the carrying frame 71 are both provided with lifting seats 752, the output ends of the two lifting cylinders 755 are respectively fixedly connected with the bottoms of the two lifting seats 752, the fixed plate 751 is disposed below the worktable 73, the top of the worktable 73 is provided with four fixed columns 753 distributed in a matrix, each fixed column 753 is provided with a sliding column 754 in sliding fit therewith, and the carrying frame 71 is fixed at the tops of the four sliding columns 754; the lifting cylinder 755 works to enable the lifting seat 752 to vertically move, so that the bearing frame 71 can move in the vertical direction, the bearing frame 71 can drive the four-jaw cylinder 762 to lift, the limiting plate 77 at the bottom of each clamping jaw of the four-jaw cylinder 762 moves to a position where the limiting plate can collide with the motor magnet 300, the lifting cylinder 663 works again to enable the bearing frame 71 to lift, and the clamped four motor magnets 300 can lift.
Specifically, the pushing assembly 74 includes a supporting seat 741, a pushing seat 742 disposed at the top of the sliding plate 72, and a pushing cylinder 743 horizontally disposed at the top of the pushing seat 742, an output end of the pushing cylinder 743 is fixedly connected to a side wall of the supporting seat 741, a supporting block 744 is disposed at the top of the working table 73, and four positioning slots 612 for limiting the motor magnet 300 are disposed at the top of the supporting block 744; the clamped motor magnet 300 can be placed into the impeller 100 under the work of the material pushing cylinder 743, the lifting cylinder 663 resets, the material pushing cylinder 743 works to enable the four-jaw cylinder 762 to move a small distance, the lifting cylinder 663 works again to enable the limiting plate 77 to press the motor magnet 300 into the impeller 100, an operator manually places the four motor magnets 300 matched with the impeller 100 into the four positioning grooves 612 respectively, and the four-jaw cylinder 762 can grab the four motor magnets 300 conveniently.
Specifically, the bearing magnetic pile press-loading mechanism 600 comprises a vibration disc 610, a material moving assembly 65, a bearing frame 620 and a material moving cylinder 621, wherein the material moving assembly 65 is arranged between the conveyor belt 500 and the vibration disc 610, the bearing frame 620 is arranged at the side of the vibration disc 610, the material moving cylinder 621 is horizontally arranged at the top of the bearing frame 620, a feeding channel 611 is arranged on the vibration disc 610, a feeding groove 745 communicated with the feeding channel 611 is arranged at an output port of the feeding channel 611, a material pushing plate 630 is arranged at an output end of the material moving cylinder 621, and two symmetrically arranged trapezoidal blocks 64 are arranged in the feeding groove 745; the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be pressed in the impeller 100 through the bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism 600, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be fed without being manually operated by a worker through the vibrating disc 610, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be taken out and automatically pressed in the impeller 100, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be pressed without being manually operated by the worker, the labor intensity of the worker is reduced, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be pushed towards the feeding channel 611 through the vibrating disc 610, the material pushing plate 630 can be pushed towards the trapezoidal block 64 through the material moving cylinder 621, the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be driven to move by the material pushing plate 630, and the bearing magnetic pile 200 can be moved to the position where the bearing magnetic pile 200 is abutted against the trapezoidal block 64;
specifically, the material moving assembly 65 comprises a fixed table 651, a rotating motor 652 and a rotating cylinder 653 vertically arranged at the top of the fixed table 651, the bottom of the rotating cylinder 653 is connected with the top of the fixed table 651 through a bearing, a driven gear 654 is sleeved on the rotating cylinder 653, the rotating motor 652 is arranged at the bottom of the fixed table 651, the output end of the rotating motor 652 is arranged upward, and a driving gear 655 meshed with the driven gear 654 is sleeved on the output end of the rotating motor 652; the rotating motor 652 works to drive the driving gear 655 to rotate, the driving gear 655 can drive the driven gear 654 engaged with the driving gear to rotate, the rotating cylinder 653 can drive the fixing frame 664 to rotate through the connecting frame 665, the fixing frame 664 can drive the transmission screw rod 666 and the feeding plate 661 to rotate, the feeding plate 661 can drive the lifting cylinder 663 and the clamping cylinder 662 to rotate, and the clamping cylinder 662 can move to the direction close to the vibrating disk 610.
Specifically, the material moving assembly 65 further comprises a driving motor 66, a feeding plate 661, a clamping cylinder 662, a lifting cylinder 663 and a horizontally arranged fixing frame 664, wherein a connecting frame 665 is arranged between the fixing frame 664 and the top of the rotary cylinder 653, the fixing frame 664 is provided with a transmission screw rod 666 which is rotatably connected with the fixing frame 664, the transmission screw rod 666 is horizontally arranged, the feeding plate 661 is in sliding fit with the fixing frame 664, the feeding plate 661 is provided with a screw nut which is in threaded fit with the transmission screw rod 666, the lifting cylinder 663 is fixed at the top of the feeding plate 661, the output end of the lifting cylinder 663 is vertically arranged downwards, an L-shaped mounting plate 67 is fixed at the output end of the lifting cylinder 663, the clamping cylinder 662 is fixed on the L-shaped mounting plate 67, a clamping plate 68 is arranged at the clamping end of the clamping cylinder 662, and the clamping plate 68 is of an arc-shaped structure; the driving motor 66 can rotate the transmission screw rod 666, the transmission screw rod 666 can drive the feeding plate 661 in threaded connection with the transmission screw rod to move, the feeding plate 661 can drive the lifting cylinder 663 and the clamping cylinder 662 to move to the upper side of the bearing magnetic stack 200, the lifting cylinder 663 can drive the clamping cylinder 662 to move to a proper position, the bearing magnetic stack 200 can be clamped by the clamping plate, the clamping cylinder 662 can clamp the bearing magnetic stack 200 under the action of the clamping plate, the lifting cylinder 663 can drive the bearing magnetic stack 200 to take out, the clamping cylinder 662 can move to the upper side of the impeller 100 under the action of the rotating cylinder, the bearing magnetic stack 200 can be pressed on the impeller 100 under the re-action of the lifting cylinder 663, and the pressed impeller 100 can be moved to the lower side of the motor magnet mounting mechanism 700 by the conveyor belt 500.
Specifically, the base welding mechanism 800 comprises a portal frame 810, a feeding assembly 820, a welder 830, a material taking cylinder 840, a material storing assembly 86 and a slide rail 87 arranged at the bottom of the portal frame 810, wherein the feeding assembly 820 is arranged at the top of the portal frame 810, the slide rail 87 is provided with a slide block 871 in sliding fit with the slide rail, the bottom of the slide block 871 is provided with a first double-rod cylinder 872 and a second double-rod cylinder 873 which are arranged at intervals, the output end of the first double-rod cylinder 872 is provided with a connecting plate 874, the welder 830 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting plate 874, the output end of the second double-rod cylinder 873 is provided with a mounting box 88, the mounting box 88 is internally provided with the material taking cylinder 840 with the output end facing downwards, and the output end of the material taking cylinder 840 is provided with two arc-shaped; the base welding mechanism 800 can be used for taking out the bases 400 one by one, the bases 400 can be pressed into the impeller 100, the welding operation of the bases 400 and the impeller 100 can be completed under the action of the welder 830, the automation degree is high, manual installation and welding operation of the bases 400 are not needed, economic pressure is reduced for a factory, the two arc-shaped material taking plates 89 can be moved relatively under the operation of the material taking cylinder 840, the two arc-shaped material taking plates 89 can clamp the base 400 located at the uppermost layer, the base 400 can be taken out under the reset action of the second double-rod cylinder 873, the base 400 can be moved to the upper side of the conveyor belt 500 under the action of the feeding assembly 820, the clamped base 400 can be pressed onto the impeller 100 under the secondary operation of the second double-rod cylinder 873, the welder 830 can be moved to the upper side of the impeller 100 under the secondary action of the feeding motor 85, the welding operation of the impeller 100 and the base 400 is realized, and the assembling operation of the centrifugal blood pump rotor is completed.
Specifically, the feeding assembly 820 comprises a feeding motor 85 and a mounting seat 851 arranged at the top of the gantry 810, wherein the mounting seat 851 is provided with a connecting shaft 853, the connecting shaft 853 is sleeved with a first chain wheel 854, the output end of the feeding motor 85 is sleeved with a second chain wheel 855, the first chain wheel 854 and the second chain wheel 855 are in transmission connection through a chain 856, the top of the sliding block 871 is provided with a driving frame 852, and the driving frame 852 is fixedly connected with the chain 856; the work of pay-off motor 85 can drive second sprocket 855 and take place to rotate, makes second sprocket 855 drive first sprocket 854 through chain 856 and takes place to rotate, makes chain 856 can drive sliding block 871 through drive frame 852 and remove at the in-process that removes, makes sliding block 871 can drive first double-rod cylinder 872 and second double-rod cylinder 873 and remove, makes welding ware 830 and gets material cylinder 840 can remove.
Specifically, the material storage assembly 86 comprises a lifting disk 861, a support table 862, a screw rod lifter 863 and four arc-shaped vertical plates 864 circumferentially distributed at the top of the support table 862, the lifting disk 861 is arranged between the four arc-shaped vertical plates 864, a horizontally arranged support plate 865 is arranged below the support table 862, the screw rod lifter 863 is arranged at the top of the support plate 865, a lifting screw rod 866 is arranged on the screw rod lifter 863, and the top end of the lifting screw rod 866 is rotatably connected with the bottom of the lifting disk 861; after the base 400 is taken out, the work of the screw rod lifter 863 can enable the lifting screw rod 866 to vertically move, so that the lifting screw rod 866 can drive the lifting disc 861 to move, the lifting disc 861 can drive the stacked bases 400 to integrally move upwards for a certain distance, and the material taking cylinder 840 is convenient to take the materials of the bases 400 on the uppermost layer.
Specifically, each limiting assembly 510 comprises a limiting strip 520 and four positioning strips 530 distributed circumferentially, each positioning strip 530 is of an arc-shaped structure, the limiting strip 520 is arranged on the conveyor belt 500, and the limiting strip 520 is used for limiting the impeller 100; impeller 100 places between four location strips 530, makes location strip 530 can realize the location operation to impeller 100, is convenient for to the subsequent assembly operation of impeller 100, and spacing strip 520 can realize spacing to impeller 100, makes bearing magnetic pile 200 and motor magnet 300 can accurately install on impeller 100.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
step 1, lower shell feeding and positioning: the automatic feeding device is characterized in that a rotating mechanism (1) is arranged, a lower shell feeding mechanism (2), a central shaft shell feeding mechanism (3), an impeller feeding mechanism (4), an upper shell feeding mechanism (5), a pressing mechanism (6) and a discharging mechanism (7) are sequentially arranged around the rotating mechanism (1), the lower shell feeding mechanism (2) comprises a first carrying mechanical arm (21) and a lower shell conveying belt (22), the first carrying mechanical arm (21) is positioned between the lower shell conveying belt (22) and the rotating mechanism (1), a first overturning assembly (23) and a second overturning assembly (24) which are oppositely arranged are arranged on the lower shell conveying belt (22), the central shaft shell feeding mechanism (3) comprises a second carrying mechanical arm (31) and a feeding assembly (32), the second carrying mechanical arm (31) is positioned between the feeding assembly (32) and the rotating mechanism (1), the impeller feeding mechanism (4) comprises a third carrying mechanical arm (41) and an impeller conveying belt (42), the third carrying mechanical arm (41) is located between an impeller conveying belt (42) and a rotating mechanism (1), a blood pump rotor automatic assembly device (8) is arranged beside the impeller conveying belt (42), the upper shell feeding mechanism (5) comprises a fourth carrying mechanical arm (51) and an upper shell conveying belt (52), the fourth carrying mechanical arm (51) is located between the upper shell conveying belt (52) and the rotating mechanism (1), a positioning component (53) is arranged on the upper shell conveying belt (52), the blood pump rotor automatic assembly device (8) comprises a conveying belt (500), a bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism (600), a motor magnet installation mechanism (700) and a base welding mechanism (800), a plurality of limiting components (811) are arranged on the conveying belt (500) at equal intervals along the conveying direction of the conveying belt (500), and the bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism (600) and the motor magnet installation mechanism (700) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying belt (500), the base welding mechanism (800) is arranged above the conveyor belt (500), the first turnover component (23) and the second turnover component (24) are identical in structure and respectively comprise a lifting cylinder (231), a turnover motor (232), a bearing plate (233), a rotating seat (234), a first gear (235), a second gear (236), a rotating shaft (237) and a U-shaped plate (238), an L-shaped first mounting plate (221) is arranged below the top of the lower shell conveyor belt (22), the lifting cylinder (231) is vertically mounted on the first mounting plate (221), the bearing plate (233) is horizontally mounted at the output end of the lifting cylinder (231), four guide rods (2331) which are distributed in a rectangular shape are arranged at the bottom of the bearing plate (233), four guide seats (2211) which are in one-to-one guide fit with the four guide rods (2331) are arranged on the first mounting plate (221), the turnover motor (232) and the rotating seat (234) are arranged at the top of the bearing plate (233) at intervals, the rotating shaft (237) is rotatably arranged on the rotating seat (234), the first gear (235) is arranged at the output end of the turnover motor (232), the second gear (236) is arranged at one end of the rotating shaft (237), the second gear (236) is meshed with the first gear (235), the U-shaped plate (238) is arranged at the other end of the rotating shaft (237), the U-shaped plate (238) of the first turnover assembly (23) is provided with a first positioning push claw (239), the U-shaped plate (238) of the second turnover assembly (24) is provided with a second positioning push claw (241), the second positioning push claw (241) and the first positioning push claw (239) are oppositely arranged, and the lower shell conveyor belt (22) is provided with a first baffle (222) and a second baffle (223) which are arranged at intervals, the first positioning push claw (239) is positioned between the first baffle (222) and the second baffle (223), and the front end surfaces of the first baffle (222) and the second baffle (223) are coplanar with the front end surface of the first positioning push claw (239); firstly, a stepping motor (12) of a rotating mechanism (1) drives a turntable (14) to rotate, the turntable (14) drives six processing jigs (15) to synchronously rotate, then, in the rotating process, a lower shell is assembled in the processing jigs (15) through a lower shell feeding mechanism (2), because parts inside the lower shell are directly placed on a lower shell conveying belt (22) after being installed, the end of a lower cover at the moment is positioned at the top end of the lower shell, the lower shell is required to be overturned and can move towards the arc-shaped edge of the upper shell and the lower shell of the lower shell conveying belt (22) through a second positioning push claw (241), then, the lower shell is pushed by the second positioning push claw (241) and moves towards a first positioning push claw (239), then, the first positioning push claw (239) is pressed against the plane edge of the lower shell, the second positioning push claw (241) is matched with the first positioning push claw (239), so that the lower shell is clamped and then is sequentially positioned, then, assembling the lower shell into the processing jig (15) through a first carrying manipulator (21);
step 2. assembling the center shell into the lower shell: then assembling the center shell positioned in the spiral feeder (322) into the lower shell through a second carrying manipulator (31) of the center shell feeding mechanism (3);
step 3, automatically assembling a blood pump rotor: the blood pump rotor assembling equipment (8) realizes automatic assembly of the blood pump rotor;
and 4, assembling the blood pump rotor into the lower shell: then a blood pump rotor positioned on an impeller conveying belt (42) is assembled into the lower shell through a third carrying mechanical arm (41) of the impeller feeding mechanism (4);
and step 5, assembling the upper shell on the lower shell: then assembling the upper shell positioned on the upper shell conveying belt (52) on the lower shell through a fourth carrying manipulator (51) of the upper shell feeding mechanism (5); then, the upper shell is fixed on the lower shell through a pressing mechanism (6), a U-shaped pressing block (63) is driven to move downwards through a pressing air cylinder (62), and the two ends of the upper shell can be tightly pressed on the lower shell through the U-shaped pressing block (63);
step 6, automatic blanking: and finally, the assembled blood pump is carried out from the processing jig (15) through a blanking mechanism (7).
2. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, wherein the automatic assembly of the blood pump rotor in the step 3 comprises the following steps:
step 31, feeding a motor magnet and an impeller: firstly, an impeller (100) is placed on a conveyor belt (500), a worker manually stacks a plurality of bases (400) on the top of a lifting disc (861) in order, a bearing magnetic stack (200) is placed in a vibration disc (610), the impeller (100) is placed among four positioning strips (530), the positioning strips (530) can realize positioning operation on the impeller (100), subsequent assembly operation on the impeller (100) is facilitated, the limiting strips (520) can limit the impeller (100), and the bearing magnetic stack (200) and a motor magnet (300) can be accurately installed on the impeller (100);
and 32, pressing the bearing magnetic pile in the impeller: the bearing magnetic pile (200) can be pressed in the impeller (100) through the bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism (600), a worker does not need to manually feed the bearing magnetic pile (200) through the vibration disc (610), the bearing magnetic pile (200) can be taken out and automatically pressed in the impeller (100), the bearing magnetic pile (200) can be pushed in the direction of the feeding channel (611) through the work of the vibration disc (610), the material moving cylinder (621) can push the material pushing plate (630) in the direction of the trapezoidal block (64) through the work of the material moving cylinder (621), the material pushing plate (630) can drive the bearing magnetic pile (200) to move, the bearing magnetic pile (200) can move to the position where the bearing magnetic pile collides with the trapezoidal block (64), the rotating motor (652) can drive the 655) to rotate, the driving gear (655) can drive the driven gear (654) meshed with the driving gear to rotate, and the rotating cylinder (653) can rotate, the rotary cylinder (653) can drive the fixing frame (664) to rotate through the connecting frame (665), the fixing frame (664) can drive the transmission screw rod (666) and the feeding plate (661) to rotate, the feeding plate (661) can drive the lifting cylinder (663) and the clamping cylinder (662) to rotate, the clamping cylinder (662) can move to a direction close to the vibrating disk (610), the driving motor (66) can drive the transmission screw rod (666) to rotate, the transmission screw rod (666) can drive the feeding plate (661) in threaded connection with the transmission screw rod to move, the feeding plate (661) can drive the lifting cylinder (663) and the clamping cylinder (662) to move to the upper part of the bearing magnetic pile (200), the lifting cylinder (663) can drive the clamping cylinder (662) to move to a proper position, and the bearing magnetic pile (200) can be clamped by the clamping plate 662), the clamping cylinder (662) works to clamp the bearing magnetic stack (200) under the action of the clamping plate, the lifting cylinder (663) works to take out the bearing magnetic stack (200), the clamping cylinder (662) can be moved to the position above the impeller (100) under the action of the rotating cylinder, and the bearing magnetic stack (200) can be pressed on the impeller (100) under the re-action of the lifting cylinder (663);
and step 33, pressing four motor magnets into the impeller: the conveyer belt (500) moves the pressed impeller (100) to the lower part of the motor magnet installation mechanism (700), the motor magnet installation mechanism (700) can be used for grabbing four motor magnets (300), the four motor magnets (300) can be simultaneously installed in the impeller (100), an operator manually places the four motor magnets (300) matched with the impeller (100) in four positioning grooves (612) respectively, a four-claw cylinder (762) can grab the four motor magnets (300), a material pushing cylinder (743) can work to enable a supporting seat (741) to drive a sliding plate (72) to horizontally move, the sliding plate (72) can drive the four-claw cylinder (762) to move to the upper parts of the four motor magnets (300), a material lifting cylinder (755) can work to enable a lifting seat (752) to vertically move, and a bearing frame (71) can vertically move, the bearing frame (71) can drive the four-jaw cylinder (762) to lift, the limiting plate (77) at the bottom of each clamping jaw of the four-jaw cylinder (762) moves to a position where the four-jaw cylinder can be abutted against the motor magnet (300), the four-jaw cylinder (762) works to enable the four clamping jaws to work simultaneously so that the motor magnet (300) can be pressed on the limiting column (763) by the four limiting plates (77), the lifting cylinder (663) works again to enable the bearing frame (71) to lift, and the clamped four motor magnets (300) can lift, the clamped motor magnet (300) can be placed into the impeller (100) under the operation of the material pushing cylinder 743, the lifting cylinder (663) is reset, the material pushing cylinder (743) works to enable the four-claw cylinder (762) to move a small distance, the lifting cylinder (663) works again to enable the limiting plate (77) to press the motor magnet (300) into the impeller (100);
step 34, pressing the base into the impeller and welding and forming: finally, the bases (400) can be taken out one by one through the base welding mechanism (800), the bases (400) can be pressed into the impellers (100), the welding operation of the bases (400) and the impellers (100) can be completed under the action of the welder (830), the automation degree is high, the manual installation and welding operation of the bases (400) is not needed, the economic pressure is reduced for a factory, the feeding motor (85) can drive the second chain wheel (855) to rotate, the second chain wheel (855) can drive the first chain wheel (854) to rotate through the chain (856), the chain (856) can drive the sliding block (871) to move through the driving frame (852) in the moving process, the sliding block (871) can drive the first double-rod cylinder (872) and the second double-rod cylinder (873) to move, and the welder (830) and the material taking cylinder (840) can move, the material taking cylinder (840) can enable the two arc-shaped material taking plates (89) to move relatively when working, the two arc-shaped material taking plates (89) can clamp the base (400) on the uppermost layer, the second double-rod cylinder (873) can enable the base (400) to be taken out when resetting, the base (400) can be moved to the upper side of the conveyor belt (500) under the action of the feeding assembly (820), the second double-rod cylinder (873) can enable the clamped base (400) to be pressed on the impeller (100) when working again, and the welder (830) can be moved to the upper side of the impeller (100) under the action of the feeding motor (85) again, so that the welding operation of the impeller (100) and the base (400) is realized, and the assembly operation of the rotor blood pump is completed.
3. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the rotating mechanism (1) comprises a processing table (11), a stepping motor (12), a coupling seat (13) and a turntable (14), wherein the stepping motor (12) is vertically installed in the processing table (11), the output end of the stepping motor (12) is fixedly connected with the coupling seat (13), the bottom of the turntable (14) is provided with a linkage shaft (141), the linkage shaft (141) is fixed on the coupling seat (13), the turntable (14) is provided with six processing jigs (15) which are circumferentially arranged at equal intervals, the first carrying manipulator (21), the fourth carrying manipulator (51) and the blanking mechanism (7) are identical in structure and respectively comprise a first support (211), a first lifting cylinder (212), a first connecting plate (213), a first electric cylinder (214) and a first screw rod sliding table (215), the first lifting cylinder (212) is vertically installed at the top of the first support (211), first connecting plate (213) are horizontal installation on the output of first lift cylinder (212), be equipped with the first slider that two symmetries set up on the lateral wall of first connecting plate (213), be equipped with two and two first slider one-to-one sliding fit's first spout (2111) on first support (211), the bottom at first connecting plate (213) is installed in first electric jar (214) handstand, install on first lead screw slip table (215) handstand on the slip table of first electric jar (214), install on first lead screw slip table (215) and be the interval and set up first flat claw (2151) and first arc claw (2152).
4. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the second carrying manipulator (31) comprises a second support (311), a second lifting cylinder (312), a second connecting plate (313), a second electric cylinder (314) and a clamping jaw cylinder (315), wherein the second lifting cylinder (312) is vertically arranged at the top of the second support (311), the second connecting plate (313) is horizontally arranged at the output end of the second lifting cylinder (312), two second sliding blocks symmetrically arranged are arranged on the side wall of the second connecting plate (313), two second sliding chutes (3111) which are in one-to-one sliding fit with the two second sliding blocks are arranged on the second support (311), the second electric cylinder (314) is inversely arranged at the bottom of the second connecting plate (313), a second mounting plate (3141) which is in an L shape is arranged on the sliding table of the second electric cylinder (314), and the clamping jaw cylinder (315) is vertically arranged on the second mounting plate (3141), the feeding assembly (32) comprises a support frame (321) and a spiral feeder (322), the spiral feeder (322) is installed at the top of the support frame (321), and the spiral feeder (322) is located right below the second electric cylinder (314).
5. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the third carrying manipulator (41) comprises a third bracket (411), a third lifting cylinder (412), a third connecting plate (413), a third electric cylinder (414) and a second screw rod sliding table (415), the third lifting cylinder (412) is vertically arranged at the top of the third bracket (411), the third connecting plate (413) is horizontally arranged on the output end of the third lifting cylinder (412), two third sliding blocks which are symmetrically arranged are arranged on the side wall of the third connecting plate (413), two third sliding grooves (4111) which are in one-to-one sliding fit with the two third sliding blocks are arranged on the third support (411), the third electric cylinder (414) is arranged at the bottom of the third connecting plate (413) in an inverted way, the second screw rod sliding table (415) is arranged on the sliding table of the third electric cylinder (414) in an inverted manner, two second arc claws (4151) which are symmetrically arranged are arranged on the second screw rod sliding table (415).
6. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: hold-down mechanism (6) include fourth support (61), compress tightly cylinder (62) and U type compact heap (63), compress tightly cylinder (62) and be vertical the top of installing at fourth support (61), install on the output that compresses tightly cylinder (62) U type compact heap (63), locating component (53) include third location push pawl (531) and third baffle (532), third baffle (532) are the vertical one end that sets up at epitheca conveyer belt (52) top, third location push pawl (531) are the level and set up the other end at epitheca conveyer belt (52) top to the output that third location pushed pawl (531) set up towards third baffle (532).
7. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the motor magnet installation mechanism (700) comprises a sliding plate (72), a workbench (73), a pushing assembly (74), a lifting assembly (75), a clamping assembly (76) and a bearing frame (71), wherein the sliding plate (72) can be arranged on the bearing frame (71) in a sliding mode, the lifting assembly (75) is arranged below the sliding plate (72), the clamping assembly (76) is arranged at the bottom of the sliding plate (72), the pushing assembly (74) is arranged on the side wall of the bearing frame (71), the bearing frame (71) is horizontally arranged above the workbench (73), the clamping assembly (76) comprises a mounting plate (761), a four-jaw air cylinder (762) and a limiting column (763) arranged at the bottom of the mounting plate (761), the four-jaw air cylinder (762) is vertically arranged at the top of the mounting plate (761), and a limiting plate (77) is arranged at the bottom of each clamping jaw of the four-jaw air cylinder (762), the limiting plate (77) is provided with an arc-shaped groove, and four bearing rods (78) are arranged between the mounting plate (761) and the sliding plate (72).
8. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 7, characterized in that: the lifting assembly (75) comprises a fixing plate (751) which is horizontally arranged and two material lifting cylinders (755) which are arranged at the top of the fixing plate (751) at intervals, wherein lifting seats (752) are arranged on both sides of the bearing frame (71), the output ends of the two material lifting cylinders (755) are respectively fixedly connected with the bottoms of the two lifting seats (752), the fixing plate (751) is arranged below the workbench (73), four fixing columns (753) which are distributed in a matrix manner are arranged on the top of the workbench (73), each fixing column (753) is provided with a sliding column (754) which is in sliding fit with the fixing column, the bearing frame (71) is fixed on the tops of the four sliding columns (754), the material pushing assembly (74) comprises a supporting seat (741), a material pushing seat (742) which is arranged on the top of the sliding plate (72) and a material pushing cylinder (743) which is horizontally arranged on the top of the material pushing seat (742), the output end of the material pushing cylinder (743) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the supporting seat (741), the top of the workbench (73) is provided with a supporting block (744), and the top of the supporting block (744) is provided with four positioning grooves (612) used for limiting the motor magnet (300).
9. The automatic production process of the magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump according to claim 8, characterized in that: the bearing magnetic pile press-fitting mechanism (600) comprises a vibrating disk (610), a material moving component (65), a bearing frame (620) and a material moving cylinder (621), wherein the material moving component (65) is arranged between a conveyor belt (500) and the vibrating disk (610), the bearing frame (620) is arranged at the side of the vibrating disk (610), the material moving cylinder (621) is horizontally arranged at the top of the bearing frame (620), a feeding channel (611) is arranged on the vibrating disk (610), a feeding groove (745) communicated with the feeding channel (611) is arranged at an output port of the feeding channel (611), a material pushing plate (630) is arranged at an output end of the material moving cylinder (621), two symmetrically arranged trapezoidal blocks (64) are arranged in the feeding groove (745), the material moving component (65) comprises a fixed platform (651), a rotating motor (652) and a rotating barrel (653) vertically arranged at the top of the fixed platform (651), the bottom of a rotatory section of thick bamboo (653) passes through the bearing with the top of fixed station (651) and is connected, the cover is equipped with driven gear (654) on a rotatory section of thick bamboo (653), rotating electrical machines (652) set up the bottom at fixed station (651), the output of rotating electrical machines (652) sets up, the cover is equipped with driving gear (655) with driven gear (654) meshing on the output of rotating electrical machines (652), move material subassembly (65) still including driving motor (66), feed plate (661), centre gripping cylinder (662), lift cylinder (663) and fixed frame (664) of level setting, be equipped with link (665) between the fixed frame of fixed frame (664) and the top of a rotatory section of thick bamboo (653), be equipped with on (664) rather than rotate transmission lead screw (666) of being connected, transmission lead screw (666) are the level setting, feed plate (664) and fixed frame (664) sliding fit, and be equipped with on feed plate (661) with transmission lead screw (666) screw-thread fit's screw, lift cylinder (663) is fixed at the top of feed plate (661), the vertical downward setting of output of lift cylinder (663), be fixed with L type mounting panel (67) on the output of lift cylinder (663), centre gripping cylinder (662) are fixed on L type mounting panel (67), be equipped with clamp plate (68) on the exposed core of centre gripping cylinder (662), clamp plate (68) are the arc structure.
CN202010210088.5A 2020-03-23 2020-03-23 Automatic production process of magnetic suspension artificial heart blood pump Active CN111318878B (en)

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