CN111300079A - High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed - Google Patents

High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111300079A
CN111300079A CN202010228368.9A CN202010228368A CN111300079A CN 111300079 A CN111300079 A CN 111300079A CN 202010228368 A CN202010228368 A CN 202010228368A CN 111300079 A CN111300079 A CN 111300079A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
lathe bed
precision
stand
turning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010228368.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴行飞
吴道涵
邓崛华
许宇亮
孙立业
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Prosper Precision Machine Tool Co ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Prosper Precision Machine Tool Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Prosper Precision Machine Tool Co ltd filed Critical Beijing Prosper Precision Machine Tool Co ltd
Priority to CN202010228368.9A priority Critical patent/CN111300079A/en
Publication of CN111300079A publication Critical patent/CN111300079A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/015Frames, beds, pillars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed, which comprises: the base and stand, the stand is fixed in one side at base top, and the lateral wall vertical fixation of stand on the base, and the inside wall slope of stand is fixed on the base, and the contained angle of the inside wall of stand and base top face is 75-85. This turning and milling compound center tilting lathe bed can make this lathe bed structure can in time discharge the piece that produces behind the turning and milling compound center machining work piece through the tilting lateral wall that utilizes the stand, and the inclination that utilizes the lateral wall of stand is better faster than the chip removal under general perpendicular or the horizontal angle to avoid the piece to pile up in the inside lathe operation that influences of lathe, not only improved chip removal efficiency, further improved the holistic work efficiency of lathe moreover, had stronger practicality.

Description

High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool machining equipment, in particular to a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed.
Background
As a strategic industry for the national defense safety and national economic health development, the development level of the machine tool industry is an important mark for reflecting the national comprehensive strength and the industrial modernization degree. At present, the existing turning and milling composite machining center in China is usually designed on a machining mechanism for improving machining precision and machining efficiency, but the reasonability of the structural design of a machine tool body is very critical.
Most of existing lathe bed structures of turning and milling compound centers are installed in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction, however, in the specific using process of the lathe bed structures in the shapes, accumulation of chips discharged after workpieces are machined by the turning and milling compound centers is extremely easy to cause, and accumulation of a large number of workpiece chips in the machine tool not only affects the working operation of the machine tool, but also reduces the working efficiency of the machine tool and affects the machining precision of the machine tool.
Therefore, the technical problem to be solved by the technical staff in the field is to provide a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling compound center inclined lathe bed which can avoid the accumulation of chips and realize effective chip removal so as to improve the running speed and the working efficiency of a machine tool.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, in order to solve the technical problems of low chip removal speed and low chip removal efficiency of the turning and milling composite center in the prior art, the invention provides the high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed which can avoid chip accumulation and realize effective chip removal, thereby improving the running speed of a machine tool and the working efficiency of the machine tool.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a high rigidity turn-milling compound center tilting lathe bed of high accuracy, includes: the base is fixed on one side of the top of the base, the outer side wall of the upright is vertically fixed on the base, the inner side wall of the upright is obliquely fixed on the base, and the included angle between the inner side wall of the upright and the top end face of the base is 75-85 degrees.
According to the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the high-precision high-rigidity tilting lathe bed with the turning and milling composite center can timely discharge chips generated after a workpiece is machined by the turning and milling composite center by using the tilting side wall of the stand column, and the chips can be discharged more quickly by using the tilting angle of the side wall of the stand column than under a common vertical or horizontal angle, so that the chips are prevented from being accumulated in the machine tool to influence the operation of the machine tool, the chip discharge efficiency is improved, the integral working efficiency of the machine tool is further improved, and the high-precision high-rigidity tilting lathe bed has high practicability. The high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed is reasonable in design, simple in structure, easy in chip removal and high in chip removal efficiency, can greatly improve the working efficiency of the lathe, and has a good market application prospect.
Further, the bottom of the upright post is fixedly connected with the top of the base through a bolt.
The inclined lathe bed has the advantages that the inclined lathe bed is higher in structural stability, and the service life of the lathe is prolonged.
Furthermore, the top of the base is also provided with a positioning groove with an upward opening, the positioning groove is arranged on the other side of the top of the base, and the positioning groove and the upright post are oppositely arranged.
The beneficial effects that adopt above-mentioned technical scheme to produce are, are convenient for in time collect the piece that lathe processing work piece produced, avoid clastic secondary pollution.
Furthermore, the depth of the positioning groove is 10-50 cm.
The beneficial effects who adopts above-mentioned technical scheme to produce are that, are convenient for collect and deposit the piece that lathe processing work piece produced, avoid the piece to pile up the operation that influences the lathe in lathe inside to improve the work efficiency of lathe.
Furthermore, the included angle between the inner side wall of the upright post and the top end face of the base is 78-82 degrees.
Furthermore, the included angle between the inner side wall of the upright post and the top end face of the base is 80 degrees.
The beneficial effects that adopt above-mentioned technical scheme to produce are, are favorable to solving the chip removal problem among the turn-milling combined machining process, utilize the inclination of this lathe bed better faster than the chip removal of general perpendicular or horizontal stand, improve chip removal speed and chip removal efficiency.
Furthermore, hoisting holes are formed on the top end surfaces of the base and the upright post.
Furthermore, the lifting holes are multiple and are uniformly distributed on the top end surfaces of the base and the upright column.
Adopt the beneficial effect that above-mentioned technical scheme produced to be convenient for hoist this lathe bed and get up and process the work piece, improved the simple operation nature in this lathe bed course of operation.
Further, the base and the upright post are made of one of QT500, HT300 or HT 200.
Further, the base and the upright are made of HT 300.
The lathe bed has the advantages of being good in casting performance, good in vibration damping performance, good in wear resistance, good in cutting machining performance and low in notch sensitivity, so that the structural stability of the lathe bed is improved, the overall rigidity performance of the lathe bed is improved, and the service life of a turning and milling composite center is prolonged.
Furthermore, the device also comprises a cross beam, wherein the cross beam is fixed on the inclined side wall of the upright post, and the length direction of the cross beam is reversely parallel to the length direction of the base.
The turning and milling composite center has the advantages that the turning and milling composite center can conveniently realize the working operation in the X-axis direction, the Y-axis direction and the Z-axis direction, so that all or most of machining procedures in a machining range can be completed by one-time clamping, the machining precision is high, and the qualitative leap from scattered machining to complete machining of workpieces is realized.
Furthermore, slide rails are fixed on the top wall, the side walls and the bottom wall of the cross beam, and the slide rails are arranged along the length direction of the cross beam.
The beneficial effect who adopts above-mentioned technical scheme to produce is, be convenient for work subassembly sliding connection on the roof of crossbeam, lateral wall and diapire for this turn-milling compound center utilizes a clamping can accomplish whole or most manufacturing procedure in the processing range, has realized the leap of the quality of work piece from scattered processing to complete processing.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed provided by the invention;
fig. 4 is a right side view of the high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed provided by the invention.
Wherein: 1-base, 11-positioning groove, 2-upright column, 3-hoisting hole, 4-beam and 5-slide rail.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
The invention discloses a high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed, which comprises:
the base comprises a base 1 and a stand column 2, wherein the stand column 2 is fixed on one side of the top of the base 1, the outer side wall of the stand column 2 is vertically fixed on the base 1, the inner side wall of the stand column 2 is obliquely fixed on the base 1, and the included angle between the inner side wall of the stand column 2 and the top end face of the base 1 is 75-85 degrees.
According to an alternative embodiment of the invention, the bottom of the upright post 2 is fixedly connected with the top of the base 1 through a bolt, so that the inclined lathe bed has stronger structural stability, and the service life of the lathe bed is prolonged.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the top of the base 1 is further formed with a positioning groove 11 with an upward opening, the positioning groove 11 is disposed at the other side of the top of the base 1, and the positioning groove 11 is disposed opposite to the upright 2, so as to facilitate timely collection of chips generated by machining a workpiece by a machine tool, and avoid secondary pollution of the chips.
According to an alternative embodiment of the invention, the depth of the positioning groove 11 is 30cm, so that debris generated by a workpiece machined by the machine tool can be collected and stored conveniently, the debris is prevented from accumulating inside the machine tool to influence the operation of the machine tool, and the working efficiency of the machine tool is improved.
According to an optional embodiment of the invention, the included angle between the inner side wall of the upright post 2 and the top end face of the base 1 is 80 degrees, so that the chip removal problem in the turning and milling combined machining process is favorably solved, the chip removal is better and faster by utilizing the inclination angle of the lathe bed than that of a common vertical or horizontal upright post, and the chip removal speed and the chip removal efficiency are improved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the top end surfaces of the base 1 and the upright 2 are further formed with lifting holes 3; specifically, the hoisting holes 3 are a plurality of, and a plurality of hoisting holes 3 are evenly arranged on the top end surfaces of the base 1 and the stand column 2, so that the lathe bed is hoisted to process a workpiece, and the operation convenience in the working process of the lathe bed is improved.
According to an optional embodiment of the invention, the base 1 and the upright post 2 are made of HT300, so that the lathe bed has good casting performance, good vibration damping performance, good wear resistance, good cutting performance and low notch sensitivity, the structural stability of the lathe bed is improved, the integral rigidity of the lathe bed is improved, and the service life of a turn-milling composite center is prolonged.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the present invention further includes a cross beam 3, the cross beam 3 is fixed on the inclined side wall of the column 2, and the length of the cross beam 3 is reversely arranged in parallel with the length direction of the base 1, so that the turning and milling composite center can conveniently realize the working operation in three directions of the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis, so that the turning and milling composite center can complete all or most of the processing procedures in the processing range by one clamping, and the processing precision is high, thereby realizing the qualitative leap from the scattered processing to the complete processing of the workpiece.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the top wall, the side wall and the bottom wall of the cross beam 4 are fixed with the slide rails 5, and the slide rails 5 are arranged along the length direction of the cross beam 4, so that the working components are slidably connected to the top wall, the side wall and the bottom wall of the cross beam, and the turn-milling composite center can complete all or most of the processing procedures in the processing range by one-time clamping, thereby realizing qualitative leap from scattered processing to complete processing of the workpiece.
According to the high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed, chips generated after a workpiece is machined by a turning and milling composite center can be timely discharged by the lathe bed structure through the inclined side wall of the stand column, and chips can be discharged better and faster than chips discharged under a common vertical or horizontal angle by utilizing the inclined angle of the side wall of the stand column, so that the chips are prevented from being accumulated in the lathe to influence the operation of the lathe, the chip discharge efficiency is improved, the overall working efficiency of the lathe is further improved, and the high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed has high practicability. The inclined lathe bed of the turning and milling composite center is reasonable in design, simple in structure, easy for chip removal and high in chip removal efficiency, can greatly improve the working efficiency of a machine tool, and has good market application prospect.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by those skilled in the art.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a high rigidity turn-milling compound center tilting lathe bed of high accuracy which characterized in that includes: base (1) and stand (2), stand (2) are fixed in one side at base (1) top, just the lateral wall vertical fixation of stand (2) is in on base (1), the inside wall slope of stand (2) is fixed on base (1), just the inside wall of stand (2) with the contained angle of base (1) top terminal surface is 75-85.
2. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined type lathe bed according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the upright column (2) is fixedly connected with the top of the base (1) through bolts.
3. A high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top of the base (1) is further formed with a positioning groove (11) with an upward opening, the positioning groove (11) is arranged on the other side of the top of the base (1), and the positioning groove (11) is arranged opposite to the upright column (2).
4. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed according to claim 3, characterized in that the depth of the positioning groove (11) is 10-50 cm.
5. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined type lathe bed according to claim 1, characterized in that the included angle between the inner side wall of the upright post (2) and the top end face of the base (1) is 78-82 degrees.
6. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined type lathe bed according to claim 1, characterized in that the top end surfaces of the base (1) and the upright post (2) are also formed with hoisting holes (3).
7. A high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite central inclined lathe bed as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the hoisting holes (3) are multiple, and the multiple hoisting holes (3) are uniformly arranged on the top end surfaces of the base (1) and the upright post (2).
8. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite central inclined lathe bed according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the base (1) and the upright (2) are made of one of QT500, HT300 or HT 200.
9. A high precision and high rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized by further comprising a cross beam (4), wherein the cross beam (4) is fixed on the inclined side wall of the upright (2), and the length of the cross beam (4) is reversely arranged in parallel with the length direction of the base (1).
10. A high-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed as claimed in claim 9, wherein slide rails (5) are fixed on the top wall, the side walls and the bottom wall of the cross beam (4), and the slide rails (5) are arranged along the length direction of the cross beam (4).
CN202010228368.9A 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed Pending CN111300079A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010228368.9A CN111300079A (en) 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010228368.9A CN111300079A (en) 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111300079A true CN111300079A (en) 2020-06-19

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Family Applications (1)

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CN202010228368.9A Pending CN111300079A (en) 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 High-precision high-rigidity turning and milling composite center inclined lathe bed

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112743384A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-04 广东普拉迪科技股份有限公司 Chip removal structure and digit control machine tool of lathe

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112743384A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-04 广东普拉迪科技股份有限公司 Chip removal structure and digit control machine tool of lathe

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