CN111297076A - Drawer type cabinet - Google Patents

Drawer type cabinet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111297076A
CN111297076A CN201811515918.4A CN201811515918A CN111297076A CN 111297076 A CN111297076 A CN 111297076A CN 201811515918 A CN201811515918 A CN 201811515918A CN 111297076 A CN111297076 A CN 111297076A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drawer
gear
rack
cabinet
rotating shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811515918.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈凯强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811515918.4A priority Critical patent/CN111297076A/en
Publication of CN111297076A publication Critical patent/CN111297076A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B77/00Kitchen cabinets
    • A47B77/04Provision for particular uses of compartments or other parts ; Compartments moving up and down, revolving parts
    • A47B77/14Provision for particular uses of compartments or other parts ; Compartments moving up and down, revolving parts by incorporation of racks or supports, other than shelves, for household utensils
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B97/00Miscellaneous furniture; Miscellaneous accessories for furniture
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/26Accessories or devices or components used for biocidal treatment

Abstract

The invention relates to a drawer type cabinet, which comprises a cabinet body (1), a drawer body and a water pan (3); the side wall of the cabinet body (1) is provided with a guide rail, and the drawer body can be limited on the guide rail in a drawing way; the method is characterized in that: the water pan (3) is arranged below the drawer body in a sliding manner; and a connecting assembly (4) which can drive the water receiving tray (3) to be pulled along with the drawer body is arranged between the drawer body and the water receiving tray (3). The invention can synchronously pull out the water receiving tray when the drawer body is opened, and is used for receiving water drops dropping on the drawer body, so as to solve the problem that the water drops on the articles wet the ground when the articles with moisture are placed on the drawer body in the prior art.

Description

Drawer type cabinet
Technical Field
The invention relates to a cabinet structure, in particular to a drawer type cabinet.
Background
Existing cabinets, in particular cabinets for placing cutlery, or disinfection cabinets, usually have drawers comprising hollow baskets in which the cutlery is placed, which are assembled from a plurality of metal strips. When tableware needs to be placed in the pull-out basket, the drawer is opened firstly, the pull-out basket is exposed, and then the tableware which is just cleaned is placed in the pull-out basket.
The dishes are usually placed vertically in the baskets so that the water on the surface of the dishes drips under the action of gravity and dries the surface of the dishes. Because the surface of the tableware which is just cleaned is provided with water, when the tableware is just placed on the pull basket and the drawer is not closed, the water can drip on the ground through the hollow parts on the pull basket to wet the ground, so that the ground is wet and slippery, and potential safety hazards are brought; meanwhile, the moisture can adsorb dust, and the toilet is unsanitary.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a drawer type cabinet which can prevent moisture from dropping on the ground when a drawer is opened so as to avoid the problem of wet and slippery ground.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a drawer type cabinet comprises a cabinet body, a drawer body and a water pan; the side wall of the cabinet body is provided with a guide rail, and the drawer body can be limited on the guide rail in a drawing way;
the method is characterized in that:
the water pan is arranged below the drawer body in a sliding manner; and a connecting component capable of driving the water receiving tray to be pulled along with the drawer body is arranged between the adult body and the water receiving tray.
The connecting assembly can be in various structures, and preferably comprises a rack arranged on the drawer body, a lower rack arranged on the water pan, a gear meshed with the rack, and a lower gear meshed with the lower rack;
the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged in the cabinet body;
the first gear and the second gear are connected to the rotating shaft and can rotate along with the rotating shaft.
Preferably, the number of the drawer bodies is two, and the two drawer bodies comprise an upper drawer body and a lower drawer body which are arranged in the cabinet body up and down; correspondingly, the two groups of guide rails are also provided, and the two groups of guide rails comprise upper guide rails matched with the upper drawer body and middle guide rails matched with the lower drawer body;
the upper drawer body is provided with an upper rack, and the lower drawer body is provided with a middle rack; the gear comprises an upper gear meshed with the upper drawer body and a middle gear meshed with the lower drawer body;
each rack is provided with a light section which is not meshed with each gear, and the length of each light section is more than or equal to the maximum diameter of each corresponding gear;
when the drawer body is closed, the gear corresponding to the drawer body faces to the optical section position on the corresponding rack;
the driving mechanism is in driving connection with the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft can move up and down relative to the original position under the driving of the driving mechanism so as to enable the upper gear to be disengaged from the upper rack or enable the middle gear to be disengaged from the middle rack. The structure can ensure that when one drawer body is opened, the connecting assembly cannot interfere with the other drawer body, and the other drawer body can be freely opened or closed.
Furthermore, the height of the upper gear and the lower gear is half of the width of the corresponding racks, and the displacement of the rotating shaft when the rotating shaft moves up and down relative to the original position is equal to the width of the upper gear or the lower gear.
In each scheme, the structure of the driving mechanism capable of driving the rotating shaft to rotate can be various, preferably, the driving mechanism comprises an electric push rod and a gate control switch, and the electric push rod is in driving connection with the rotating shaft; the door control switch comprises an upper door control switch used for sensing the state of the upper drawer body and a lower door control switch used for sensing the state of the lower drawer body;
the door control switch and the electric push rod are both connected with a control system through electric signals.
Preferably, the ejector rod of the electric push rod is connected with the upper end part of the rotating shaft through a connecting sleeve;
the connecting sleeve is in driving connection with the upper end part of the rotating shaft in the axial direction and can slide relatively in the circumferential direction.
Preferably, the upper rack, the middle rack and the lower rack are respectively arranged on the side walls of the upper drawer body, the lower drawer body and the water pan; the rotating shaft is vertically arranged in the cabinet body.
Preferably, the rotating shaft can be rotatably arranged on the bearing in a penetrating way, and the bearing is connected to the inner side wall of the door frame of the cabinet body. The rotating shaft of the structure can rotate flexibly.
In order to ensure that the drawer body and the water pan can be pulled more stably, two groups of connecting components are arranged and are respectively arranged on two opposite side walls of the drawer body;
the electric push rods are also two and are respectively connected with two rotating shafts in the two groups of connecting components in a driving manner.
Compared with the prior art, the drawer structure with the water receiving device provided by the invention can drive the water receiving tray to be opened synchronously when the drawer body is opened, and is used for receiving water drops dropping on the drawer body, so that the problem that when an object with moisture is placed in the drawer body in the prior art, the water drops on the object drop on the ground to wet the ground is solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a drawer body in a closed state (with a housing removed) according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the upper drawer body being opened and the lower drawer body being closed (with a part of the side panel omitted) according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the lower drawer body being opened and the upper drawer body being closed according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view (in situ) of an assembly structure of a connecting assembly and a driving mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a connecting assembly according to an embodiment of the invention.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying examples.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated by way of a disinfection cabinet.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the drawer type cabinet includes:
the cabinet body 1 is of a conventional structure, is provided with an upper wall surface, a lower wall surface, a left wall surface, a right wall surface and a rear wall surface, and is provided with an opening at the front end for drawing the drawer body; the cabinet body 1 is provided with guide rails (not shown) on the left and right side walls.
The drawer body is of a hollow structure formed by bending or welding metal strips and is used for placing tableware, and the hollow structure cannot prevent ultraviolet rays from transmitting; the drawer is arranged in the cabinet body 1 in a drawing way and comprises an upper drawer body 21 and a lower drawer body 22 which are arranged in the cabinet body 1 up and down; the two opposite side walls of each drawer body are respectively provided with a sliding rail, and each sliding rail can be respectively limited on the corresponding guide rail in a sliding way.
The structure and the connection mode of the guide rail and the slide rail can be any one of the prior art according to the requirement.
The water receiving tray 3 can be placed on the bottom surface of the cabinet body 1 in a drawing mode, is located below the drawer body and is used for containing water drops leaking from the drawer body. Among the prior art, to the cupboard, the majority also sets up the water collector, and the water collector is placed on the bottom surface of the cabinet body, but does not move, and only when the drawer body was closed, the water droplet that drips on the tableware of placing on the drawer body could be collected by the water collector, and when the drawer body pulled open and placed the tableware, the water droplet on the tableware this moment can be followed the drawer body and dripped on the ground, leads to the ground wet and smooth.
The water pan 3 can be directly placed in the bottom surface of the cabinet body, and also can be provided with guide rails on the bottom surface or the left and right side walls of the cabinet body, and a slide rail is arranged on the water pan to pull the water pan through the matching of the slide rail and the guide rails. In the embodiment, the water receiving tray 3 is directly placed on the bottom surface of the cabinet 1.
Coupling assembling 4, there are two sets ofly, correspond respectively with the left and right both sides wall setting of drawer body, water collector between drawer body 2 and water collector 3, two sets of coupling assembling's structure is the same for it moves for cabinet body pull to drive water collector 3 through coupling assembling when the pull drawer body. Every group coupling assembling all includes:
the water collecting device comprises a lower rack 43 arranged on the side wall of the water collecting tray, an upper rack 41 arranged on the side wall of the upper drawer body 21, a middle rack 42 arranged on the side wall of the lower drawer body 22, a rotating shaft 47 vertically arranged in the cabinet body and gears coaxially connected to the rotating shaft 47.
A bearing 48 is provided on the inner side wall of the door frame 13 of the cabinet, and the rotating shaft 48 is rotatably inserted into the bearing 48 and can move up and down by the driving of the driving mechanism.
The gear has three, is respectively: an upper gear 44 capable of meshing with the upper rack 41, a middle gear 45 capable of meshing with the middle rack 42, and a lower gear 46 capable of meshing with the lower rack 43.
In the present embodiment, the width L1 of the upper rack 41 is twice the width M1 of the upper gear 44, the width L2 of the middle rack 42 is twice the width M2 of the middle gear 45, and the width L3 of the lower rack 43 is equal to the width M3 of the lower gear 46.
The upper rack 41, the middle rack 42 and the lower rack 43 are respectively provided with light sections 411, 421 and 431 at the positions close to the panels of the drawer body, the length of each light section is greater than or equal to the maximum diameter of the corresponding gear, and the length of each light section is slightly greater than the maximum diameter of the corresponding gear.
And the driving mechanism is used for sensing the states of the upper drawer body and the lower drawer body and driving the rotating shaft 47 to move up and down so as to enable the upper gear 44 to be disengaged from the upper rack 41 or enable the middle gear 45 to be disengaged from the middle rack 42. Including a door switch (not shown), an electric push rod 53 and a control system (not shown). Wherein:
the two electric push rods are respectively arranged at the top of the cabinet body 1 corresponding to the rotating shafts in the two groups of connecting groups, the ejector rods 531 of the electric push rods are connected with the connecting sleeves 532 in a driving manner, the connecting sleeves are connected with the upper end portions of the rotating shafts 47 in an axial direction in a driving manner, and the rotating shafts 47 and the connecting sleeves slide and rotate in the circumferential direction. The connecting sleeve and the rotating shaft can be connected in an axially driven and circumferentially free mode in various ways, and any one of the prior art can be selected according to requirements.
The electric push rod has three states.
The two door control switches are arranged on the rear wall plate of the cabinet body and are conventional in arrangement of the disinfection cabinet. If a common cabinet is adopted, the cabinet body can be arranged on the rear wall plate or the side wall plate of the cabinet body according to requirements. The upper door control switch is arranged corresponding to the upper drawer body and is used for sensing the state of the upper drawer body 21; the lower door control switch is arranged corresponding to the lower drawer body and used for sensing the state of the lower drawer body 22;
the two door control switches and the two electric push rods are connected with a control system of the disinfection cabinet through electric signals.
The working principle of the drawer type cabinet is described as follows:
when the two drawer bodies are in a closed state, the electric push rod is reset, the upper gear 44 is located at the lower position of the upper rack, and the middle gear 45 is located at the upper position of the middle rack; each gear is located at the light section position on each rack and does not engage each rack.
When the upper drawer body is pulled out firstly, the upper rack is meshed with the upper gear along with the pulling of the upper drawer body, the driving rotating shaft rotates, the rotating shaft drives the lower rack to move through the lower gear connected with the rotating shaft, the water receiving disc is pulled outwards, and the water receiving disc is pulled out synchronously while the upper drawer body is pulled out.
After the upper door control switch senses the pulling-out of the upper drawer body, a signal is transmitted to the control system, the control system starts the electric push rod to work, the push rod drives the rotating shaft to move upwards, the upper gear 44 is meshed with the upper portion of the upper rack at the moment, the middle gear 45 is separated from the middle rack and is located above the middle rack, and the lower gear is partially meshed with the lower rack.
At this time, if the lower drawer body is pulled again, the lower drawer can be pulled freely without being limited by the middle gear and the middle rack because the middle gear is separated from the meshing with the middle rack.
When the drawer is closed, the lower drawer body needs to be retracted firstly, and then the upper drawer body needs to be pushed back. When the two drawers are completely closed, the electric push rod is reset.
When the lower drawer body is pulled out firstly, the middle rack is meshed with the middle gear along with the pulling of the lower drawer body, the driving rotating shaft rotates, the rotating shaft drives the lower rack to move through the lower gear connected with the rotating shaft, the water receiving disc is pulled outwards, and the water receiving disc is pulled out synchronously while the lower drawer body is pulled out.
The lower door control switch transmits a sensing signal of opening the lower drawer body to the control system, the control system starts the electric push rod to work, the push rod drives the rotating shaft to move downwards, the upper gear 44 is separated from the upper rack and is positioned below the upper rack, the middle gear 45 is meshed with the lower position of the middle rack, and the lower gear is partially meshed with the lower rack.
When the drawer is closed, the upper drawer body needs to be closed first, and then the lower drawer body is pushed back. When the two drawers are completely closed, the electric push rod is reset.

Claims (9)

1. A drawer type cabinet comprises a cabinet body (1), a drawer body and a water pan (3); the side wall of the cabinet body (1) is provided with a guide rail, and the drawer body can be limited on the guide rail in a drawing way;
the method is characterized in that:
the water pan (3) is arranged below the drawer body in a sliding manner; and a connecting assembly capable of driving the water receiving tray (3) to be pulled along with the drawer body is arranged between the drawer body and the water receiving tray (3).
2. The drawer cabinet of claim 1, wherein the coupling assembly comprises a rack (41) provided on the drawer body, a lower rack (43) provided on the drip tray (3), a gear engaged with the rack, and a lower gear (46) engaged with the lower rack (43);
the rotating shaft (47) can be rotatably arranged in the cabinet body (1);
the gear and the lower gear (46) are connected to the rotating shaft (47) and can rotate along with the rotating shaft (47).
3. The drawer cabinet according to claim 2, wherein said drawer bodies are two, comprising an upper drawer body (21) and a lower drawer body (22) arranged up and down inside said cabinet body (1); correspondingly, the two groups of guide rails are also provided, and the two groups of guide rails comprise upper guide rails matched with the upper drawer body (21) and middle guide rails (12) matched with the lower drawer body (22);
an upper rack (41) is arranged on the upper drawer body (21), and a middle rack (42) is arranged on the lower drawer body (22); the gears comprise an upper gear (44) meshed with the upper drawer body (21) and a middle gear (45) meshed with the lower drawer body (22);
each rack is provided with a light section which is not meshed with each gear, and the length of each light section is more than or equal to the maximum diameter of each corresponding gear;
when the drawer body is closed, the gear corresponding to the drawer body faces to the optical section position on the corresponding rack;
the driving mechanism is connected with the rotating shaft (47) in a driving mode, and the rotating shaft (47) can move up and down relative to a home position under the driving of the driving mechanism so that the upper gear (44) is disengaged from the upper rack (41) or the middle gear (45) is disengaged from the middle rack (42).
4. The drawer cabinet according to claim 3, wherein the height of the upper gear (44) and the middle gear (45) is half of the width of the corresponding rack, and the displacement of the rotary shaft (47) when moving up and down relative to the home position is equal to the width of the upper gear (44) or the middle gear (45).
5. The drawer cabinet according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the driving mechanism comprises a power push bar (53) and a door control switch, the power push bar (53) being drivingly connected to the rotating shaft (47); the door control switch comprises an upper door control switch (51) used for sensing the state of the upper drawer body (21) and a lower door control switch (52) used for sensing the state of the lower drawer body (22);
the door control switch and the electric push rod are both connected with a control system through electric signals.
6. The drawer cabinet as claimed in claim 5, wherein the push rod (531) of the power push rod (53) is connected to the upper end of the rotation shaft through a connection sleeve (532);
the connecting sleeve (532) is in driving connection with the upper end part of the rotating shaft in the axial direction and can slide relatively in the circumferential direction.
7. The drawer cabinet according to claim 5, wherein the upper rack (41), the middle rack (42) and the lower rack (43) are respectively provided on the side walls of the upper drawer body (21), the lower drawer body (22) and the water tray (3); the rotating shaft (47) is vertically arranged in the cabinet body.
8. The drawer cabinet according to claim 7, wherein the shaft (47) is rotatably mounted through a bearing (48), the bearing (48) being attached to an inner side wall of a door frame (13) of the cabinet.
9. The drawer cabinet according to claim 8, wherein the connecting members (4) are provided in two sets, respectively, on two opposite side walls of the drawer body;
the number of the electric push rods (53) is two, and the electric push rods are respectively connected with two rotating shafts (47) in the two groups of connecting assemblies in a driving mode.
CN201811515918.4A 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Drawer type cabinet Pending CN111297076A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811515918.4A CN111297076A (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Drawer type cabinet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811515918.4A CN111297076A (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Drawer type cabinet

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111297076A true CN111297076A (en) 2020-06-19

Family

ID=71154854

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811515918.4A Pending CN111297076A (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Drawer type cabinet

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111297076A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2699883Y (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-05-18 陈钢粮 Sterilizing cupboard
US20150020856A1 (en) * 2012-06-05 2015-01-22 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Dish washing machine
CN205215773U (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-11 周建达 Embedded all -in -one is stored in disinfection of sliding door warewashing
CN206641573U (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-11-17 中山市琚宝五金制品有限公司 A kind of cabinet
CN108199265A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-22 宁波致源电气设备有限公司 A kind of electric power drawer cabinet device selectively unlocked
CN108451465A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-28 浙江欧琳生活健康科技有限公司 A kind of liftable storage cabinet and water tank type dish-washing machine
CN108757866A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 韩文智 Rack and pinion drive and the safety drawers cabinet for being not easy to topple over made of it

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2699883Y (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-05-18 陈钢粮 Sterilizing cupboard
US20150020856A1 (en) * 2012-06-05 2015-01-22 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Dish washing machine
CN205215773U (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-11 周建达 Embedded all -in -one is stored in disinfection of sliding door warewashing
CN206641573U (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-11-17 中山市琚宝五金制品有限公司 A kind of cabinet
CN108199265A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-22 宁波致源电气设备有限公司 A kind of electric power drawer cabinet device selectively unlocked
CN108451465A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-28 浙江欧琳生活健康科技有限公司 A kind of liftable storage cabinet and water tank type dish-washing machine
CN108757866A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 韩文智 Rack and pinion drive and the safety drawers cabinet for being not easy to topple over made of it

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