CN111285249A - Protection mechanism of automatic crane based on constructional engineering and working method thereof - Google Patents

Protection mechanism of automatic crane based on constructional engineering and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111285249A
CN111285249A CN202010107909.2A CN202010107909A CN111285249A CN 111285249 A CN111285249 A CN 111285249A CN 202010107909 A CN202010107909 A CN 202010107909A CN 111285249 A CN111285249 A CN 111285249A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
protection
block
rotating shaft
plate
driving motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202010107909.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111285249B (en
Inventor
赵春梅
徐从柱
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hefei Chunhua Hoisting Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hefei Chunhua Hoisting Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Hefei Chunhua Hoisting Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Hefei Chunhua Hoisting Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010107909.2A priority Critical patent/CN111285249B/en
Publication of CN111285249A publication Critical patent/CN111285249A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111285249B publication Critical patent/CN111285249B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/06Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for minimising or preventing longitudinal or transverse swinging of loads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/54Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying
    • B65D88/546Devices for loading or unloading and forming part of the container, e.g. rollers, conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/54Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying
    • B65D88/58Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying by displacement of walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets
    • B66C1/16Slings with load-engaging platforms or frameworks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear

Abstract

The invention discloses a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering, which comprises a crane main body, wherein a fixed block is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the crane main body, a first driving motor and a second driving motor are fixedly arranged inside the fixed block, and the first driving motor is positioned above the second driving motor. The potential safety hazard is eliminated.

Description

Protection mechanism of automatic crane based on constructional engineering and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic cranes, in particular to a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering and a working method thereof.
Background
The crane is an important transport tool in the production and manufacturing process, is a machine capable of horizontally moving and vertically lifting objects within a certain range, can reduce manual labor, and greatly improves labor productivity.
The patent publication No. CN207811100U discloses a crane protection device, which comprises a rotary limit switch, a pendulum bob, a movable weight plate, a switch shaft, a stop bolt, a chain and a heavy hammer, wherein the rotary limit switch is provided with the switch shaft, the pendulum bob is fixed on the switch shaft, the pendulum bob and the rotary limit switch are oppositely arranged, one end part of the pendulum bob far away from the switch shaft is provided with the movable weight plate, the upper part of the other end of the pendulum bob close to the switch shaft is provided with the stop bolt, the lower part of the other end of the pendulum bob is provided with the chain, and the lower end of the chain is provided with the heavy hammer; the structure has the overload weighing function and the top-rushing prevention function, and is used for preventing top rushing at the second stage, one switch is invalid, and the other standby switch can ensure the top rushing prevention; and simple structure is convenient for install fast. The disadvantages of this solution are: the heavy hammer can rock in the lifting process, the working efficiency is influenced, and after the heavy hammer is lifted to a designated position, the heavy hammer is inconvenient to unload, so that potential safety hazards exist in the operation of workers.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering and a working method thereof, through the matching use of a second rotating shaft, a third rotating shaft, a fourth rotating shaft and a steel rope, the articles on the bottom plate can be protected, the second rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft are connected through the second driving motor and the steel rope, so that the third rotating shaft keeps the same speed to ascend at a constant speed in the first protective cylinder in the ascending process of the articles on the bottom plate, a stable triangular structure can be formed among the second steel rope, the bottom plate and the second protection cylinder, the lifting article can be protected, the stability of lifting and transporting the article is improved, the article is prevented from shaking in the lifting process to influence the working efficiency, and the problem of low working efficiency caused by the fact that the article is easy to shake in the lifting process in the prior art is solved;
according to the invention, through the matched use of the bottom plate, the push plate and the pulley, when an object is placed on the bottom plate and lifted to a designated position, one side of the protection mechanism is opened through the adjusting block, the push plate is pushed towards the direction of the opened side through the handle, the object on the bottom plate slides on the second sliding groove through the pulley, when the push plate slides to the opened side, the push plate and the bottom plate are in an L shape, the object is conveniently unloaded, after the object is unloaded, the push plate and the bottom plate are pulled back in the opposite direction, and one side of the protection mechanism is closed through the adjusting block, so that the safety of workers during the loading and unloading work of the object is effectively improved, the potential safety hazard is eliminated, and the problem that the safety of the loading and unloading work of the object to the workers in the prior art is solved.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering comprises a crane main body, wherein a fixed block is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the crane main body, a first driving motor and a second driving motor are fixedly arranged inside the fixed block, the first driving motor is positioned above the second driving motor, a first protection barrel and a fourth rotating shaft are fixedly connected to one side of the fixed block, the first protection barrel is positioned above the fourth rotating shaft, a supporting frame is movably connected to the lower surface of the crane main body, a third rotating shaft is slidably connected inside the first protection barrel, a connecting cross beam is fixedly connected to one end of the first protection barrel, a first rotating shaft is fixedly connected to one side of the connecting cross beam, a second protection barrel is fixedly connected to the outer surface of the first rotating shaft, a first steel rope is movably connected to the inner surface of the first rotating shaft, and the first steel rope penetrates through the inside of the second protection barrel, the lower end of the first steel rope is fixedly connected with a lifting hook, and a protection mechanism is arranged below the lifting hook.
Further, the protection mechanism comprises a fixed clamping plate, a bottom plate and a push plate, the fixed clamping plate is positioned on the outer surface of the protection mechanism, a second rotating shaft is fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the fixed clamping plate, a second steel rope is movably connected between the second rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft, a third steel rope is movably connected between the second rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft, the push plate and the bottom plate are both positioned on the inner surface of the protection mechanism, the push plate is positioned at the upper end of the bottom plate, a pull plate is movably connected between the push plate and the bottom plate, a first clamping block and a second clamping block are fixedly arranged at the position, close to the rear part, of the outer surface of the push plate, the first clamping block is positioned on one side of the second clamping block, a first handle is fixedly connected inside the first clamping block, a second handle is fixedly connected inside the second clamping block, and a hook and an adjusting block are fixedly arranged on, the couple is located the top of regulating block, swing joint has first double-layered post and second double-layered post between push pedal and the protection mechanism, first double-layered post is located one side that the second pressed from both sides the post, the lower extreme swing joint of second double-layered post has the pulley, the upper surface of bottom plate is provided with the second spout, swing joint has the stay cord between lifting hook and the couple, protection mechanism passes through stay cord and lifting hook swing joint.
Further, the inner surface fixed mounting of a first protection section of thick bamboo has buffer block and division board, the buffer block is located the top of division board, the inside of buffer block runs through there is first steel cable, the inner surface fixed mounting of division board has first slider and second slider, first slider is located one side of second slider, the inner surface fixed mounting of second slider has first locating piece and second locating piece, first locating piece is located one side of second locating piece.
Further, the third pivot is located the position between first slider and the second slider, one side fixed mounting of third pivot has first connecting block, the opposite side fixed mounting of third pivot has the second connecting block, the first spliced pole of the inside fixedly connected with of first connecting block, the inside fixedly connected with second spliced pole of second connecting block, the first gyro wheel of one side fixedly connected with of first connecting block is kept away from to first spliced pole, fixed mounting has the fixed bolster between first spliced pole and the first gyro wheel, one side fixedly connected with second gyro wheel of second connecting block is kept away from to the second spliced pole.
Furthermore, the third rotating shaft is connected with the first protective barrel in a sliding mode through the first roller and the second roller.
Further, the internal surface of third pivot is provided with first spout and constant head tank, the constant head tank is located the internal surface of first spout, the lower fixed surface of third pivot installs the protection casing.
Furthermore, the second rotating shaft is connected with the third rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft in a sliding manner.
The working steps of the equipment are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: the crane main body and the ground are fixed by the adjusting support frame, the target position for lifting and transporting the object is determined by adjusting the direction and the angle of the first protective cylinder, the protective mechanism is integrally closed by the adjusting block, the object is placed on the bottom plate, and the first driving motor and the second driving motor are started to enable the first steel rope and the third rotating shaft to start rotating;
step two: the second driving motor drives the fourth rotating shaft to move anticlockwise so as to wind the third steel rope, the third rotating shaft slides on the first sliding block and the second sliding block in the first protective barrel at a constant speed through the rotation of the second steel rope and the third steel rope on the second rotating shaft, the first steel rope keeps moving at a constant speed in the second protective barrel and the first protective barrel through the rotation of the first rotating shaft, and the third steel rope is wound in the fixed block;
step three: the protection mechanism is stably lifted to a specified target position at a constant speed through the winding and matching of the first steel rope and the second steel rope, after the protection mechanism is placed and fixed, the first driving motor and the second driving motor are closed, one side of the protection mechanism is opened through the adjusting block, the push plate is pushed towards the direction of the opened side of the protection mechanism through the first handle and the second handle, and articles on the bottom plate slide on a second sliding groove in the protection mechanism through the pulley;
step four: after the push plate is pushed to one side of the protection mechanism which is opened, the push plate and the bottom plate are made to be L-shaped, the articles on the bottom plate are unloaded, after the articles are unloaded, the push plate and the bottom plate are pulled back through the first handle and the second handle in the opposite direction, the push plate and the bottom plate are pulled back to the original positions, one side of the protection mechanism is closed through the adjusting block, the first driving motor and the second driving motor are started, the fourth rotating shaft is driven to move clockwise through the second driving motor, the third steel rope is released, the third rotating shaft is enabled to slide downwards at a constant speed on the first sliding block and the second sliding block in the first protection cylinder through the first roller and the second roller through the rotation of the first rotating shaft, the first steel rope keeps moving downwards at a constant speed in the second protection cylinder and the first protection cylinder through the rotation of the first rotating shaft, and is released in the fixing block, through the release cooperation of first steel cable and second steel cable, will protect the mechanism at the uniform velocity steady drop to the primary importance.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, through the matched use of the second rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft and the steel rope, articles on the bottom plate can be protected, and the second rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft are connected with the steel rope through the second driving motor, so that the third rotating shaft keeps the same speed to uniformly ascend in the first protective cylinder in the ascending process of the articles on the bottom plate, a stable triangular structure can be formed among the second steel rope, the bottom plate and the second protective cylinder, further, the articles can be protected, the stability of article lifting and transportation is improved, and the articles are prevented from shaking in the ascending process to influence the working efficiency;
according to the invention, through the matched use of the bottom plate, the push plate and the pulley, when an object is placed on the bottom plate and lifted to a designated position, one side of the protection mechanism is opened through the adjusting block, the push plate is pushed towards the direction of the opened side through the handle, the object on the bottom plate slides on the second sliding groove through the pulley, when the push plate slides to the opened side, the push plate and the bottom plate are in an L shape, the object is conveniently unloaded, after the object is unloaded, the push plate and the bottom plate are pulled back in the opposite direction, and one side of the protection mechanism is closed through the adjusting block, so that the safety of workers in the loading and unloading work of the object is effectively improved, and potential safety hazards are eliminated.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a structural view of a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on construction engineering according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a view showing a structure of a third rotating shaft according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a first protective sleeve of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view structural view of the protection mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the push plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a crane body; 2. a fixed block; 3. a first drive motor; 4. a second drive motor; 5. a first protective cylinder; 6. connecting the cross beam; 7. a first rotating shaft; 8. a second protective cylinder; 9. a first steel rope; 10. a hook; 11. a protection mechanism; 12. hooking; 13. pulling a rope; 14. fixing the clamping plate; 15. a second rotating shaft; 16. a third rotating shaft; 17. a fourth rotating shaft; 18. a support frame; 19. a second steel cord; 20. a third steel rope; 21. a first chute; 22. a protective cover; 23. positioning a groove; 24. a first connection block; 25. a second connecting block; 26. a first connecting column; 27. a second connecting column; 28. a first roller; 29. a second roller; 30. a fixing pad; 31. a buffer block; 32. a separator plate; 33. a first slider; 34. a second slider; 35. a first positioning block; 36. a second positioning block; 37. pulling a plate; 38. an adjusting block; 39. a base plate; 40. pushing the plate; 41. a first clamping block; 42. a second clamp block; 43. a first handle; 44. a second handle; 45. a first clamping column; 46. a second clamping column; 47. a pulley; 48. a second runner.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering comprises a crane main body 1, wherein a fixed block 2 is fixedly installed on the upper surface of the crane main body 1, a first driving motor 3 and a second driving motor 4 are fixedly installed inside the fixed block 2, the first driving motor 3 is positioned above the second driving motor 4, one side of the fixed block 2 is fixedly connected with a first protection cylinder 5 and a fourth rotating shaft 17, the first protection cylinder 5 is positioned above the fourth rotating shaft 17, the lower surface of the crane main body 1 is movably connected with a support frame 18, the inside of the first protection cylinder 5 is slidably connected with a third rotating shaft 16, one end of the first protection cylinder 5 is fixedly connected with a connecting beam 6, one side of the connecting beam 6 is fixedly connected with a first rotating shaft 7, the outer surface of the first rotating shaft 7 is fixedly connected with a second protection cylinder 8, the inner surface of the first rotating shaft 7 is movably connected with a first steel rope 9, the first steel rope 9 penetrates through the inside of the second protective barrel 8, the lower end of the first steel rope 9 is fixedly connected with a lifting hook 10, and a protective mechanism 11 is arranged below the lifting hook 10.
The protection mechanism 11 comprises a fixed clamping plate 14, a bottom plate 39 and a push plate 40, the fixed clamping plate 14 is positioned on the outer surface of the protection mechanism 11, a second rotating shaft 15 is fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the fixed clamping plate 14, a second steel rope 19 is movably connected between the second rotating shaft 15 and a third rotating shaft 16, a third steel rope 20 is movably connected between the second rotating shaft 15 and a fourth rotating shaft 17, the push plate 40 and the bottom plate 39 are both positioned on the inner surface of the protection mechanism 11, the push plate 40 is positioned at the upper end of the bottom plate 39, a pull plate 37 is movably connected between the push plate 40 and the bottom plate 39, a first clamping block 41 and a second clamping block 42 are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the push plate 40 at the rear part, the first clamping block 41 is positioned on one side of the second clamping block 42, a first handle 43 is fixedly connected inside the first clamping block 41, a second handle 44 is fixedly connected inside the second clamping block 42, last fixed surface of protection machanism 11 installs couple 12 and regulating block 38, couple 12 is located the top of regulating block 38, swing joint has first double-layered post 45 and second to press from both sides post 46 between push pedal 40 and the protection machanism 11, first double-layered post 45 is located one side of second double-layered post 46, the lower extreme swing joint of second double-layered post 46 has pulley 47, the upper surface of bottom plate 39 is provided with second spout 48, swing joint has stay cord 13 between lifting hook 10 and the couple 12, protection machanism 11 passes through stay cord 13 and lifting hook 10 swing joint.
The inner surface fixed mounting of first protection section of thick bamboo 5 has buffer block 31 and division board 32, buffer block 31 is located the top of division board 32, first cable 9 has been run through to buffer block 31's inside, the inner surface fixed mounting of division board 32 has first slider 33 and second slider 34, first slider 33 is located one side of second slider 34, the inner surface fixed mounting of second slider 34 has first locating piece 35 and second locating piece 36, first locating piece 35 is located one side of second locating piece 36.
Third pivot 16 is located the position between first slider 33 and the second slider 34, one side fixed mounting of third pivot 16 has first connecting block 24, the opposite side fixed mounting of third pivot 16 has second connecting block 25, the first spliced pole 26 of the inside fixedly connected with of first connecting block 24, the inside fixedly connected with second spliced pole 27 of second connecting block 25, the first gyro wheel 28 of one side fixedly connected with of first connecting block 24 is kept away from to first spliced pole 26, fixed mounting has fixing pad 30 between first spliced pole 26 and the first gyro wheel 28, one side fixedly connected with second gyro wheel 29 of second connecting block 25 is kept away from to second spliced pole 27.
The third rotating shaft 16 is slidably connected with the first protective sleeve 5 through a first roller 28 and a second roller 29.
The inner surface of the third rotating shaft 16 is provided with a first sliding groove 21 and a positioning groove 23, the positioning groove 23 is located on the inner surface of the first sliding groove 21, and a protective cover 22 is fixedly mounted on the lower surface of the third rotating shaft 16.
The second rotating shaft 15 is connected with the third rotating shaft 16 and the fourth rotating shaft 17 in a sliding manner.
The working steps of the equipment are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: the crane main body 1 is fixed with the ground by the adjusting support frame 18, the target position of lifting and transporting the object is determined by adjusting the direction and the angle of the first protective cylinder 5, the protective mechanism 11 is integrally closed by the adjusting block 38, the object is placed on the bottom plate 39, and the first driving motor 3 and the second driving motor 4 are started to enable the first steel rope 9 and the third rotating shaft 16 to start to rotate;
step two: the second driving motor 4 drives the fourth rotating shaft 17 to move anticlockwise to wind the third steel rope 20, the third rotating shaft 16 slides on the first sliding block 33 and the second sliding block 34 in the first protective barrel 5 at a constant speed through the first roller 28 and the second roller 29 by the rotation of the second steel rope 19 and the third steel rope 20 on the second rotating shaft 15, and the first steel rope 9 keeps moving at a constant speed in the second protective barrel 8 and the first protective barrel 5 by the rotation of the first rotating shaft 7 to wind in the fixed block 2;
step three: the protection mechanism 11 is stably lifted to a specified target position at a constant speed through the rolling and matching of the first steel rope 9 and the second steel rope 19, after the protection mechanism 11 is placed and fixed, the first driving motor 3 and the second driving motor 4 are closed, one side of the protection mechanism 11 is opened through the adjusting block 38, the push plate 40 is pushed towards the opening side of the protection mechanism 11 through the first handle 43 and the second handle 44, and articles on the bottom plate 39 slide on a second sliding groove 48 in the protection mechanism 11 through the pulley 47;
step four: after the push plate 40 is pushed to the side where the protection mechanism 11 is opened, the push plate 40 and the bottom plate 39 are made to be in an L shape, the articles on the bottom plate 39 are unloaded, after the articles are unloaded, the push plate 40 and the bottom plate 39 are pulled back in the opposite direction through the first handle 43 and the second handle 44, the push plate 40 and the bottom plate 39 are pulled back to the original positions, one side of the protection mechanism 11 is closed through the adjusting block 38, the first driving motor 3 and the second driving motor 4 are started, the fourth rotating shaft 17 is driven to move clockwise through the second driving motor 4, the third steel rope 20 is released, the third rotating shaft 16 slides downwards at a constant speed on the first sliding block 33 and the second sliding block 34 in the first protection cylinder 5 through the first roller 28 and the second roller 29 through the rotation of the first rotating shaft 7, the first steel rope 9 keeps moving downwards at a constant speed in the second protection cylinder 8 and the first protection cylinder 5 through the rotation of the first rotating shaft 7, and releasing in the fixed block 2, and stably descending the protection mechanism 11 to the original position at a constant speed through the releasing matching of the first steel rope 9 and the second steel rope 19.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
according to the invention, through the matched use of the second rotating shaft 15, the third rotating shaft 16, the fourth rotating shaft 17 and the steel rope, articles on the bottom plate 39 can be protected, the second rotating shaft 15, the third rotating shaft 16 and the fourth rotating shaft 17 are connected through the second driving motor 4 and the steel rope, the models of the first driving motor 3 and the second driving motor 4 are YB3-112M-4, so that in the process of lifting the articles on the bottom plate 39, the third rotating shaft 16 keeps the same speed to lift in the first protection barrel 5 at a constant speed, through the rotation of the second steel rope 19 and the third steel rope 20 on the second rotating shaft 15, the third rotating shaft 16 slides on the first sliding block 33 and the second sliding block 34 in the first protection barrel 5 at a constant speed through the first roller 28 and the second roller 29, and a stable triangular structure can be formed among the second steel rope 19, the bottom plate 39 and the second protection barrel 8, the lifting article can be protected, the stability of lifting and transporting the article is improved, the article is prevented from shaking in the lifting process to influence the working efficiency, and the problem of low working efficiency caused by the fact that the article is easy to shake in the lifting process in the prior art is solved;
through the cooperation use of the bottom plate 39, the push plate 40 and the pulley 47 that set up, after the article is placed on the bottom plate 39 and is promoted to the assigned position, open one side of protection machanism 11 through regulating block 38, promote the push plate 40 towards the direction of opening one side through the handle, article on the bottom plate 39 passes through the pulley 47 and slides on second spout 48, after the push plate 40 slides to one side of opening, the push plate 40 is L-shaped with the bottom plate 39, conveniently unload article, after the article uninstallation is accomplished, pull back push plate 40 and bottom plate 39 in the opposite direction, close one side of protection machanism 11 through regulating block 38, effectively improved the security of staff when the loading of article and uninstallation work, the potential safety hazard has been eliminated, the problem of the staff safety of the loading of promotion article and uninstallation work in the prior art scheme has been solved.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The protection mechanism of the automatic crane based on the constructional engineering is characterized by comprising a crane main body (1), wherein a fixed block (2) is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the crane main body (1), a first driving motor (3) and a second driving motor (4) are fixedly arranged inside the fixed block (2), the first driving motor (3) is positioned above the second driving motor (4), a first protection barrel (5) and a fourth rotating shaft (17) are fixedly connected to one side of the fixed block (2), the first protection barrel (5) is positioned above the fourth rotating shaft (17), a support frame (18) is movably connected to the lower surface of the crane main body (1), a third rotating shaft (16) is slidably connected to the inside of the first protection barrel (5), and a connecting cross beam (6) is fixedly connected to one end of the first protection barrel (5), connect first pivot (7) of one side fixedly connected with of crossbeam (6), the outer fixed surface of first pivot (7) is connected with a second protection section of thick bamboo (8), the internal surface swing joint of first pivot (7) has first steel cable (9), first steel cable (9) run through in the inside of a second protection section of thick bamboo (8), the lower extreme fixedly connected with lifting hook (10) of first steel cable (9), the below of lifting hook (10) is provided with protection mechanism (11).
2. The protection mechanism of the automatic crane based on the building engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein the protection mechanism (11) comprises a fixing clamp plate (14), a bottom plate (39) and a push plate (40), the fixing clamp plate (14) is located on the outer surface of the protection mechanism (11), a second rotating shaft (15) is fixedly installed on the outer surface of the fixing clamp plate (14), a second steel cable (19) is movably connected between the second rotating shaft (15) and a third rotating shaft (16), a third steel cable (20) is movably connected between the second rotating shaft (15) and a fourth rotating shaft (17), the push plate (40) and the bottom plate (39) are both located on the inner surface of the protection mechanism (11), the push plate (40) is located on the upper end of the bottom plate (39), a pull plate (37) is movably connected between the push plate (40) and the bottom plate (39), and a first clamp block (41) and a second clamp block are fixedly installed on the outer surface of the push plate (40) close to the rear side The clamping device comprises a block (42), wherein the first clamping block (41) is positioned on one side of a second clamping block (42), a first handle (43) is fixedly connected inside the first clamping block (41), a second handle (44) is fixedly connected inside the second clamping block (42), a hook (12) and an adjusting block (38) are fixedly arranged on the upper surface of a protection mechanism (11), the hook (12) is positioned above the adjusting block (38), a first clamping column (45) and a second clamping column (46) are movably connected between a push plate (40) and the protection mechanism (11), the first clamping column (45) is positioned on one side of the second clamping column (46), a pulley (47) is movably connected at the lower end of the second clamping column (46), a second sliding groove (48) is arranged on the upper surface of a bottom plate (39), and a pull rope (13) is movably connected between the hook (10) and the hook (12), the protection mechanism (11) is movably connected with the lifting hook (10) through a pull rope (13).
3. The protection mechanism of the automatic crane based on the building engineering is characterized in that a buffer block (31) and a partition plate (32) are fixedly installed on the inner surface of the first protection cylinder (5), the buffer block (31) is located above the partition plate (32), a first steel rope (9) penetrates through the buffer block (31), a first sliding block (33) and a second sliding block (34) are fixedly installed on the inner surface of the partition plate (32), the first sliding block (33) is located on one side of the second sliding block (34), a first positioning block (35) and a second positioning block (36) are fixedly installed on the inner surface of the second sliding block (34), and the first positioning block (35) is located on one side of the second positioning block (36).
4. A protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on construction engineering according to claim 3, characterized in that the third rotating shaft (16) is positioned between the first sliding block (33) and the second sliding block (34), a first connecting block (24) is fixedly arranged on one side of the third rotating shaft (16), a second connecting block (25) is fixedly arranged on the other side of the third rotating shaft (16), a first connecting column (26) is fixedly connected inside the first connecting block (24), a second connecting column (27) is fixedly connected inside the second connecting block (25), a first roller (28) is fixedly connected to one side of the first connecting column (26) far away from the first connecting block (24), a fixed pad (30) is fixedly arranged between the first connecting column (26) and the first roller (28), and a second roller (29) is fixedly connected to one side, far away from the second connecting block (25), of the second connecting column (27).
5. A protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on building engineering, according to claim 4, characterized in that the third rotating shaft (16) is connected with the first protection cylinder (5) in a sliding way through a first roller (28) and a second roller (29).
6. The protection mechanism of the building engineering-based automatic crane is characterized in that the inner surface of the third rotating shaft (16) is provided with a first sliding chute (21) and a positioning groove (23), the positioning groove (23) is positioned on the inner surface of the first sliding chute (21), and the lower surface of the third rotating shaft (16) is fixedly provided with a protection cover (22).
7. The protection mechanism of the automatic crane based on the building engineering as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the second rotating shaft (15) is connected with the third rotating shaft (16) and the fourth rotating shaft (17) in a sliding way.
8. A working method of a protection mechanism of an automatic crane based on constructional engineering is characterized in that the working steps of the equipment are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: the crane main body (1) is fixed with the ground by the adjusting support frame (18), the target position of lifting and transporting an article is determined by adjusting the direction and the angle of the first protection cylinder (5), the protection mechanism (11) is integrally closed by the adjusting block (38), the article is placed on the bottom plate (39), and the first driving motor (3) and the second driving motor (4) are started to enable the first steel rope (9) and the third rotating shaft (16) to start to rotate;
step two: a second driving motor (4) drives a fourth rotating shaft (17) to move anticlockwise to wind a third steel rope (20), the third rotating shaft (16) slides on a first sliding block (33) and a second sliding block (34) in a first protective barrel (5) at a constant speed through a first roller (28) and a second roller (29) by rotating a second steel rope (19) and the third steel rope (20) on a second rotating shaft (15), the first steel rope (9) keeps moving at a constant speed in a second protective barrel (8) and the first protective barrel (5) by rotating a first rotating shaft (7), and the third steel rope (20) is wound in a fixed block (2);
step three: the protection mechanism (11) is stably lifted to a specified target position at a constant speed through the winding and matching of the first steel rope (9) and the second steel rope (19), after the protection mechanism (11) is placed and fixed, the first driving motor (3) and the second driving motor (4) are closed, one side of the protection mechanism (11) is opened through the adjusting block (38), the push plate (40) is pushed towards the direction of the opened side of the protection mechanism (11) through the first handle (43) and the second handle (44), and articles on the bottom plate (39) slide on the second sliding groove (48) in the protection mechanism (11) through the pulley (47);
step four: after the push plate (40) is pushed to the side, opened by the protection mechanism (11), of the protection mechanism (11), the push plate (40) and the bottom plate (39) are made to be L-shaped, articles on the bottom plate (39) are unloaded, after the articles are unloaded, the push plate (40) and the bottom plate (39) are pulled back through the first handle (43) and the second handle (44) in the opposite direction, the push plate (40) and the bottom plate (39) are pulled back to the original positions, one side of the protection mechanism (11) is closed through the adjusting block (38), the first driving motor (3) and the second driving motor (4) are started, the fourth rotating shaft (17) is driven by the second driving motor (4) to move clockwise, the third steel rope (20) is released, and the third rotating shaft (16) slides downwards on the first sliding block (33) and the second sliding block (34) in the first protection cylinder (5) through the first roller (28) and the second roller (29) at a constant speed And moving, keeping the first steel rope (9) moving downwards at a constant speed in the second protective cylinder (8) and the first protective cylinder (5) through the rotation of the first rotating shaft (7), releasing in the fixed block (2), and stably descending the protection mechanism (11) to the original position at a constant speed through the release cooperation of the first steel rope (9) and the second steel rope (19).
CN202010107909.2A 2020-02-21 2020-02-21 Protection mechanism of automatic crane based on constructional engineering and working method thereof Active CN111285249B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201857224U (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-06-08 北京首钢建设集团有限公司 Trolley capable of fast replacing control motor
CN202226570U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-23 中山盛兴股份有限公司 Multifunctional curtain wall hoisting equipment
CN204588542U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-08-26 张伟飞 A kind of minitype portable jenny
CN207209809U (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-04-10 杨富任 A kind of extraordinary Dramatic Air Lifts
CN209468060U (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-10-08 上海澳傅旭海洋装备技术有限公司 Offshore wind farm unit single blade mounting robot
CN209468058U (en) * 2018-08-14 2019-10-08 德马科起重机械有限公司 A kind of ship's crane for height limiting zone of opening the navigation or air flight

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201857224U (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-06-08 北京首钢建设集团有限公司 Trolley capable of fast replacing control motor
CN202226570U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-23 中山盛兴股份有限公司 Multifunctional curtain wall hoisting equipment
CN204588542U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-08-26 张伟飞 A kind of minitype portable jenny
CN207209809U (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-04-10 杨富任 A kind of extraordinary Dramatic Air Lifts
CN209468058U (en) * 2018-08-14 2019-10-08 德马科起重机械有限公司 A kind of ship's crane for height limiting zone of opening the navigation or air flight
CN209468060U (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-10-08 上海澳傅旭海洋装备技术有限公司 Offshore wind farm unit single blade mounting robot

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