CN111251652B - Nutrient soil briquetting device of garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system - Google Patents

Nutrient soil briquetting device of garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111251652B
CN111251652B CN202010088364.5A CN202010088364A CN111251652B CN 111251652 B CN111251652 B CN 111251652B CN 202010088364 A CN202010088364 A CN 202010088364A CN 111251652 B CN111251652 B CN 111251652B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
pressing
separation system
nutrient soil
environment
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Application number
CN202010088364.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111251652A (en
Inventor
王兴洪
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Ningbo Benye Heavy Industry Co ltd
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Ningbo Benye Heavy Industry Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010088364.5A priority Critical patent/CN111251652B/en
Publication of CN111251652A publication Critical patent/CN111251652A/en
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Publication of CN111251652B publication Critical patent/CN111251652B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/0005Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing for briquetting presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses

Abstract

The invention provides a nutrient soil briquetting device of a garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system, which is arranged in a garbage can box body and comprises a feeding device, a material transferring device and a pressing device; the feeding device comprises an inner material cylinder and an outer sleeve, wherein the inner material cylinder is vertically arranged, the outer sleeve is coaxially arranged outside the inner material cylinder, and the inlet end at the upper end of the inner material cylinder is positioned at the discharge end of the dryer; the lower extreme at the pan feeding device is installed to the commentaries on classics material device, change the material device and include commentaries on classics workbin box and carousel, state press the material device and install the lower extreme of box, it includes presses material cylinder, presses workbin, main flitch and vice flitch, and vice flitch cunning is joined in marriage on sliding support, the slip direction of vice flitch is on a parallel with the slip direction of main flitch, be equipped with on the sliding support and make vice flitch has the spring of the motion trend to the left, be equipped with on the sliding support and be used for vice flitch motion is carried out the fixed locking mechanism of locking to it when extremely spacing or the extreme right of left. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system has the advantages of compact structure, high material pressing efficiency and good effect.

Description

Nutrient soil briquetting device of garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system
Technical Field
The invention relates to a garbage disposal device, in particular to a nutrient soil briquetting device of an environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system.
Background
Everyone throws away a lot of rubbish every day, and in some areas that refuse management is better, most rubbish can get innoxious processing such as sanitary landfill, burning, compost, and the rubbish in more places is often simply piled up or buried, leads to the spread of foul smell, and pollutes soil and groundwater. The cost of harmless treatment of garbage is very high, and the cost of treating one ton of garbage is about one hundred yuan to several hundred yuan according to different treatment modes. People consume a large amount of resources, produce the garbage in a large amount, and the result is unimaginable. In general, domestic waste is classified in foreign cities according to its composition and amount of waste produced, and in combination with the utilization of local waste resources and the manner of waste disposal. For example, germany is generally classified into paper, glass, metal, plastic, and the like; australia is generally classified as compostable waste, recoverable waste, non-recoverable waste; japan generally classifies plastic bottles, recyclable plastics, other plastics, resource waste, large-sized waste, combustible waste, incombustible waste, harmful waste, and the like. Along with more and more attention to the environment, corresponding garbage classification policies are issued in all regions, residents are encouraged to classify domestic garbage, the population quantity cardinal number is large, execution force on garbage classification is different, the existing garbage recycling is that user garbage is recycled to a designated area and is buried or incinerated, the garbage treatment cost is high, the environmental pollution is large, meanwhile, the domestic garbage, especially kitchen garbage, is easy to mildew, rot and ferment in a garbage can, the odor is large, and the environment of a residential area is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
【1】 Technical problem to be solved
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a nutrient soil briquetting device of an environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system, which has the advantages of compact structure, small volume, stable feeding and discharging and good material pressing effect.
【2】 Technical scheme for solving problems
The invention provides a nutrient soil briquetting device of a garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system, which is arranged in a garbage can box body and comprises a feeding device, a material transferring device and a pressing device;
the feeding device comprises an inner material cylinder 1 and an outer sleeve 2, wherein the inner material cylinder 1 is vertically arranged, the outer sleeve is coaxially arranged outside the inner material cylinder, a gap is formed between the inner material cylinder and the outer sleeve, an elastic connecting device is arranged in the gap, a vibrating motor 3 is arranged on the outer wall of the inner material cylinder, and the inlet end at the upper end of the inner material cylinder is positioned at the discharge end of the dryer;
the material transferring device is arranged at the lower end of the material feeding device and comprises a material transferring box body 43 and a rotary table 42, a feeding hole is formed in the upper end of the material transferring box body, the feeding hole is connected with the outlet end of the inner material cylinder, a discharging hole is formed in the lower end of the box body, the rotary table is rotatably arranged in the box body, the rotating axis of the rotary table is parallel to the axis of the inner material cylinder, the upper end and the lower end of the rotary table penetrate through the rotary table to form material placing cavities 40 which can be aligned with the feeding hole, the material placing cavities are two and circumferentially and uniformly distributed, and when one material placing cavity is aligned with the feeding hole, the other material placing cavity is aligned with the discharging hole;
the pressing device is arranged at the lower end of the box body and comprises a pressing cylinder 61, a pressing box 62, a main pressing plate 611 and an auxiliary pressing plate 63, a pressing channel 621 is horizontally arranged in the pressing box, a feeding port communicated with the discharging port is arranged at the top of the pressing channel, the pressing cylinder is fixed at the left end of the pressing box, an output shaft of the pressing cylinder extends into the pressing channel and is connected with the main pressing plate, the right end of the pressing channel is open, a sliding support is arranged at the open end, the auxiliary pressing plate is slidably arranged on the sliding support, the sliding direction of the auxiliary pressing plate is parallel to the sliding direction of the main pressing plate, a spring enabling the auxiliary pressing plate to have a leftward movement trend is arranged on the sliding support, and a locking mechanism used for locking and fixing the auxiliary pressing plate when the auxiliary pressing plate moves to a left limit position or a right limit position is arranged on the sliding support,
furthermore, the upper surface of the box body of the material transferring box is rigidly connected with the outer sleeve, the edge of the feeding hole is bent upwards to form a first connecting part, and the first connecting part is connected with the inner sleeve through a corrugated pipe 16.
Further, the elastic connecting device comprises a first elastic part 13 and a second elastic part 15, the axis of the first elastic part is vertical to and intersects with the axis of the inner charging barrel, and the first elastic parts are uniformly distributed at the upper end and the lower end of the gap in the circumferential direction; the outer wall of interior feed cylinder is equipped with support ring 14, the inner wall of outer sleeve is equipped with lower support ring 21, lower support ring is located support ring's lower extreme, second elastomeric element circumference equipartition is in support ring with between the lower support ring.
Further, the up end circumference equipartition of lower support ring has first shrinkage pool, the lower terminal surface circumference equipartition of going up the support ring have with the second shrinkage pool that first shrinkage pool corresponds, first elastomeric element installs first shrinkage pool with between the second shrinkage pool.
Furthermore, an annular body 11 is installed at the top of the outer sleeve, and bristles in contact with the outer wall of the inner sleeve are arranged on the inner wall of the annular body.
Further, the lateral wall of outer tube is seted up and is used for installing vibrating motor's installing port, be equipped with lid 22 on the installing port.
Furthermore, the open end of the material pressing box is bent outwards in the radial direction to form a second connecting part, at least three first guide rods 65 parallel to the material pressing cylinder are arranged on the second connecting part, end plates 64 are arranged at the end parts of the first guide rods, the auxiliary material pressing plates are slidably matched on the first guide rods, springs are arranged between the end plates and the auxiliary material pressing plates, and locking mechanisms are arranged between the auxiliary material pressing plates and the end plates.
Further, the locking mechanism comprises a guide post 66 vertically fixed at the right end of the auxiliary material pressing plate, a guide sleeve 661 arranged on the guide post, a mounting bracket arranged on the side wall of the guide sleeve, and a stop lever 6751, an electromagnet 671 and a contact switch which are positioned in the mounting bracket, wherein the end plate is provided with a guide hole, the guide sleeve is fixedly arranged at the end part of the guide hole, the side wall of the guide sleeve is provided with a hole for the stop lever to pass through, the stop lever is arranged in the hole in a sleeved mode, a compression spring 674 is arranged outside the stop lever, the compression spring enables the stop lever to have a radial inward movement trend, the side wall of the guide post is provided with two pin holes for the stop lever to insert, and the two pin holes are respectively positioned at the left limit position and the right limit position of the guide post; the tip of pin is equipped with armature 672, the electro-magnet is installed be used for the actuation on the axis extension line of pin armature, the lateral wall of pin is equipped with the connecting rod, be equipped with the perpendicular to on the connecting rod the driving lever 677 of pin, the carousel 679 is installed to the installing support internal rotation ground, the rotation axis perpendicular to of carousel the axis of pin, the lateral wall of carousel is equipped with plectrum 678 and feeler lever 6791, be equipped with the bar groove on the plectrum, the driving lever cover is established the bar inslot, contact switch is two and is located respectively on the two poles of the earth of feeler lever is spacing.
Furthermore, the upper end of the box body of the material transferring box is provided with a material pushing port, the material pushing port is located right above the material discharging port, and an auxiliary material pushing device is arranged on the material pushing port.
Further, the auxiliary material pushing device comprises a lifting mechanism and a material pushing disc 55 arranged at the output end of the lifting mechanism, air holes are uniformly distributed on the side wall of the material pushing disc in the circumferential direction, and the air holes are connected with an air source; elevating system includes perpendicular guide arm 53, the end fixing of perpendicular guide arm has roof 51, sliding fit has slider 52 on the perpendicular guide arm, be fixed with on the slider and be on a parallel with the installation pole 56 of perpendicular guide arm, the charging tray is fixed the tip of installation pole, the lateral wall of installation pole is equipped with connecting block 58, the trepanning has been seted up on the connecting block, the cover is downthehole to be equipped with reciprocal screw rod 57, the lateral wall of trepanning be equipped with the contact site 582 of the screw thread contact of reciprocal way screw rod.
【3】 Advantageous effects
The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system integrates feeding, transferring, pushing, pressing and discharging, and has high automation degree; the double-pipe feeding and the vibration motor are arranged, so that the feeding effect is good and the efficiency is high; the material transferring device is arranged, quantitative discharging can be realized, and the working efficiency is improved by the double material placing cavities; an auxiliary material pushing device is arranged, so that the material pushing effect is improved; the locking device realizes the state control of the auxiliary material pressing plate, the material pressing cylinder realizes material pressing and material discharging, the whole structure is compact, and the material pressing effect is good.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a nutrient soil briquetting device of an environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system;
FIG. 2 is another schematic view of the nutrient soil block pressing device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separating system according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an auxiliary material pushing device of the nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a reciprocating screw of an auxiliary pushing device of the nutrient soil block pressing device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system for garbage according to the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a connecting block of an auxiliary pushing device of the nutrient soil block pressing device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system for garbage;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a locking mechanism of the nutrient soil block pressing device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separating system;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a material pushing disc of the nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system.
Detailed Description
The following describes embodiments of the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, the invention provides a nutrient soil briquetting device of a garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system, which is a processing device (another application) in the garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation and nutrient soil conversion system, and is used for briquetting kitchen garbage crushed, squeezed and dried at the front end to form nutrient soil convenient to convey and use, and the device is installed in a box body of an intelligent environment-friendly garbage can and comprises a feeding device, a material transferring device and a pressing device;
the feeding device comprises an inner material cylinder and an outer sleeve, the outer sleeve is positioned outside the inner material cylinder and coaxially arranged, the axis of the outer sleeve is vertically arranged, the upper end of the inner material cylinder extends upwards to the outside of the outer sleeve, the upper end part of the inner material cylinder is provided with a horn-shaped inlet used for feeding, the outer sleeve is positioned at the discharge end of the dryer, a gap is arranged between the outer wall of the inner material cylinder and the inner wall of the outer sleeve, and an elastic connecting device is arranged in the gap and comprises a first elastic part 13 and a second elastic part 15, the axis of the first elastic part is vertical to and intersected with the axis of the inner material cylinder, the first elastic part is circumferentially and uniformly distributed at the upper end and the lower end of the gap, namely the first elastic part is two rings which are respectively positioned at the upper end and the lower end of the gap, in the embodiment, the elastic part is a spring, one end of the elastic part is contacted with the outer wall of the inner material cylinder, the other end is contacted with the inner wall of the outer sleeve, and the assembly and the positioning are convenient, an annular body 12 is arranged on the outer wall of the inner charging barrel, spring mounting grooves are uniformly distributed on the outer wall of the annular body in the circumferential direction, and springs are mounted in the spring mounting grooves; an upper support ring 14 is arranged on the outer wall of the inner charging barrel, a lower support ring 21 is arranged on the inner wall of the outer sleeve, the lower support ring is positioned at the lower end of the upper support ring, second elastic parts are circumferentially and uniformly distributed between the upper support ring and the lower support ring, the second elastic parts are positioned between two circles of first elastic parts, in order to avoid displacement and improve stability, first concave holes are circumferentially and uniformly distributed on the upper end surface of the lower support ring, second concave holes corresponding to the first concave holes are circumferentially and uniformly distributed on the lower end surface of the upper support ring, the second elastic parts are arranged between the first concave holes and the second concave holes, in the embodiment, the second elastic parts are also springs, the lower ends of the springs are sleeved in the first concave holes, the upper ends of the springs are sleeved in the second concave holes, the assembly is convenient, the springs can be prevented from being displaced in the using process, the integral stability is improved, and an annular body 11 is arranged at the top of the outer sleeve, the inner wall of the annular body is provided with bristles which are in contact with the outer wall of the inner material cylinder to prevent impurities from entering, the bristles are obliquely arranged, and one end of the bristles, which is in contact with the inner material cylinder, is higher; the outer wall of the inner charging barrel is provided with a vibration motor 3, for the convenience of installation, the side wall of the outer sleeve is provided with an installation opening, the installation opening is used for the convenience of installation of the vibration motor, and the installation opening is connected with a cover body 22 through a bolt.
The material transferring device is arranged at the lower end of the material feeding device and is used for quantitatively feeding materials in the inner material cylinder into the material pressing device, specifically, the material transferring device comprises a material transferring box body 43 and a rotating disc 42, the upper surface of the material transferring box body is rigidly connected with the outer sleeve, the upper end of the material transferring box body is provided with a feed inlet, the feed inlet is circular and is connected with the outlet end of the inner material cylinder, specifically, the edge of the feed inlet is bent upwards by 90 degrees and forms a first connecting part, the first connecting part is connected with the inner material cylinder through a corrugated pipe 16, so that the vibration of the inner material cylinder cannot be transmitted to the material transferring box body, the lower end of the box body is provided with a discharge outlet, in the embodiment, the included angle between the feed inlet and the discharge outlet is 180 degrees, the distance between the axes of the feed inlet and the discharge outlet is equal to the axis of the box body, the rotating disc is rotatably arranged in the box body, and the rotating axis of the rotating disc is parallel to the axis of the inner material cylinder, the upper end and the lower end of the rotary table are penetrated with a material placing cavity 40, the cross section of the material placing cavity is circular, the axis of the material placing cavity is parallel to the axis of the rotary table, and the axis of the material placing cavity from the axis of the rotary table to the axis of the rotary table is the same as the axis from the feed inlet (discharge outlet) to the rotary table, namely when the rotary table rotates to a certain angle, the material placing cavity can be aligned with the feed inlet or the discharge outlet; in the embodiment, the side wall of the material placing cavity is an inclined plane, the inclined plane forms a circular truncated cone shape with a small upper end and a large lower end for fully blanking, preferably, an included angle between the side wall and the axis of the circular truncated cone shape is 2-6 degrees, sealing rings are arranged between the rotary table and the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the box body, the rotary table is connected with a transmission mechanism through a rotating shaft 7, the transmission mechanism comprises a motor and a gear set, and as the diameter of the rotary table is large (40-80cm), in order to improve the operation reliability, a bearing is arranged between the box body and the side wall of the rotary table, the coaxiality of the rotary table is improved, and the friction force is reduced.
The pressing device is arranged at the lower end of the box body and used for extruding materials fed by the material transferring device into blocks and forming nutrient soil convenient to transport and use, and particularly comprises a pressing cylinder 61, a pressing box 62, a main pressing plate 611 and an auxiliary pressing plate 63, a pressing channel 621 is horizontally arranged in the pressing box, a feeding port communicated with a discharging port is arranged at the top of the pressing channel, the feeding port is positioned at the left end of the pressing channel, the pressing cylinder is fixed at the left end of the pressing box, the axial direction of the pressing cylinder is parallel to the length direction of the pressing channel, an output shaft of the pressing cylinder extends into the pressing channel and is connected with the main pressing plate, when the pressing device is in an initial position, the main pressing plate is positioned at the left side of the feeding port, the right end of the pressing channel is open, the open end is radially bent outwards by 90 degrees to form a second connecting part, a sliding support is arranged on the second connecting part and comprises at least three first guide rods 65 parallel to the pressing cylinder, in this embodiment, four first guide rods are uniformly distributed on the second connecting portion, the end portion of each first guide rod is fixed with an end plate 64, the sub-material pressing plate is slidably fitted on the first guide rods, the left end surface of the first material pressing plate is provided with a convex working surface, the shape of the working surface is the same as the cross section of the material pressing channel, when in work, which is positioned in the material pressing channel, a spring is arranged between the end plate and the auxiliary material pressing plate, the spring makes the auxiliary material pressing plate have the tendency of moving leftwards, namely, under the action of spring force, the auxiliary material pressing plate has the tendency of approaching to the direction of the material pressing channel, a material pressing area is formed between the main material pressing plate and the auxiliary material pressing plate, and meanwhile, a locking mechanism is arranged on the sliding support, the locking mechanism is used for locking and fixing the auxiliary material pressing plate when the auxiliary material pressing plate moves to a left limit or a right limit, wherein the locking mechanism is used for pressing materials when the left end is locked, and is used for discharging nutrient soil when the right end is locked; specifically, the locking mechanism comprises a guide post 66, a guide sleeve 661, a mounting bracket, a stop lever 6751, an electromagnet and 2 contact switches, the guide post 66 is vertically fixed at the right end of the secondary pressing plate, the guide post is installed at the center of the secondary pressing plate, the axis of the guide post is parallel to the axis of the first guide rod, the guide sleeve is sleeved on the guide post and can be installed at the left end or the right end of the end plate, a guide hole coaxial with the guide post is arranged on the end plate, the guide post sequentially passes through the guide sleeve and the guide hole, the outer wall of the guide post is attached to the inner wall of the guide sleeve and the inner wall of the guide hole, the mounting bracket is arranged on the side wall of the guide sleeve, in the embodiment, the mounting bracket is installed at the upper end of the guide sleeve, a hole for the stop lever to pass through is arranged on the side wall of the guide sleeve, the stop lever is vertically matched on the mounting bracket in a sliding manner, the lower end of the stop lever is sleeved in the hole, and in order to facilitate positioning insertion, a round angle or an oblique angle is arranged at the lower end of the stop lever, a compression spring 674 is arranged outside the stop lever, the compression spring enables the stop lever to have a radial inward movement trend, namely under the pressure of the compression spring, the stop lever has a trend that the guide pillar approaches, pin holes for inserting the stop lever are arranged on the side wall of the guide pillar, the two pin holes are respectively positioned at the left limit position and the right limit position of the guide pillar, and when the stop lever is locked at the right limit position, the auxiliary material pressing plate is attached to the material pressing channel and used for pressing materials; when the locking is at the left limit position, the discharging is carried out; the end of the stop lever is provided with an armature 672, the electromagnet is installed on an axis extension line of the stop lever, in the embodiment, the armature is located at the upper end of the armature and used for attracting the armature to achieve the unlocking function, a connecting rod 676 is arranged on the side wall of the stop lever, a shifting lever 677 perpendicular to the stop lever is arranged on the connecting rod, a rotary table 679 is rotatably installed in a mounting support, the rotating axis of the rotary table is perpendicular to the axis of the stop lever, a shifting sheet 678 and a contact lever 6791 are arranged on the side wall of the rotary table, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the shifting sheet and is sleeved with the shifting lever, the contact switches are two and are respectively located on two pole limits of the contact lever, namely, when the stop lever moves to the upper limit, the contact lever is in contact with a first contact switch 6793, when the stop lever moves to the lower limit, the contact lever is in contact with a second contact switch 6792, and the contact switch is used for providing signals so as to judge the position state of the stop lever.
In order to improve the feeding efficiency, a material pushing port is arranged at the upper end of the material transferring box, the material pushing port is positioned right above the material discharging port, an auxiliary material pushing device is arranged on the material pushing port, the auxiliary material pushing device comprises a lifting mechanism and a material pushing disc 55 arranged at the output end of the lifting mechanism, when the auxiliary material pushing device is positioned at an upper limit position, the material pushing disc is positioned in the material pushing port, the lifting mechanism comprises a vertical guide rod 53, a top plate 51 is fixed at the upper end part of the vertical guide rod, a sliding block 52 is arranged on the vertical guide rod in a sliding mode, a sliding hole is formed in the sliding block, a sliding sleeve 521 is arranged in the sliding hole and sleeved on the guide rod, an installation rod 56 parallel to the vertical guide rod is fixed on the sliding block, the material pushing disc is fixed at the lower end part of the installation rod, a connecting block 58 is arranged on the side wall of the installation rod, a sleeve hole 581 is formed in the connecting block, a reciprocating screw 57 is sleeved in the sleeve hole 581 and connected with a motor, in this embodiment, the rotating shaft and the reciprocating screw are connected to the same motor through the driving gear set, the reciprocating screw has a first thread 571 and a second thread 572 with opposite rotation directions, two ends of the first thread and the second thread are respectively connected, the slope of the first thread is smaller than that of the second thread, the second thread is used for resetting (moving up) of the material pushing disc, and the first thread is used for pushing (moving down) of the material pushing disc; the side wall of the trepan 581 is provided with a contact part 582 contacted with the thread of the reciprocating screw, in order to improve the stability, the contact part is a connecting block rotationally arranged on the inner wall of the trepan, the connecting block is provided with an arc surface contacted with the bottom surface of the thread and a side wall contacted with the side wall of the thread; because the side wall of the material placing cavity is an inclined plane, in order to avoid the material from adhering to the side wall, air holes are uniformly distributed on the side wall of the material pushing plate in the circumferential direction and are connected with an air source, specifically, the material pushing plate comprises an upper plate body 551, a lower plate body 554 and a mounting press ring 552, the upper plate body is connected with a mounting rod, the mounting rod is a hollow pipe body and is connected with the air source, the upper end of the upper plate body is provided with the air holes communicated with the hollow pipe body, the side wall of the upper plate body is uniformly distributed with at least 6 air passages 5510 communicated with the air holes in the circumferential direction, the outlet end of the air passages is provided with a sliding cavity 5511, the side wall of the sliding cavity forms a step surface, the other end of the sliding cavity extends to the side wall of the upper plate body, the lower end of the sliding cavity is penetrated with an air outlet hole 5512, the air outlet hole is positioned on one side close to the air passages, a sliding plug 553 is arranged in the sliding cavity in a rubber layer, the inner end surface of the sliding plug is provided with a mandril 5531 on the outer end surface of the mandril, and is hemispherical shape, the cross section of the compression ring is L-shaped, the compression ring is in threaded connection with the side wall of the upper disc body, the upper end of the compression ring is connected with the upper disc body through a pin, a hole for allowing the ejector rod to penetrate through is formed in the side wall of the compression ring, a wave spring 5532 is arranged between the inner wall of the compression ring and the sliding plug, and when the ejector rod has no pressure, the sliding plug can be pushed to move outwards by overcoming the spring force under the action of air pressure, so that gas is discharged from the air hole, the elasticity of the wave spring is small, and the wave spring can be directly omitted; the lower tray body is fixed at the lower end of the upper tray body, a flow guide part 5541 is arranged on the side wall of the lower tray body and is positioned at the lower end of the air outlet, a flow guide surface is arranged on the flow guide part and is obliquely and downwards arranged, in the embodiment, the included angle between the flow guide surface and the horizontal plane is 10-25 degrees, and the outer wall of the flow guide part is smaller than that of the pressure ring; when the material pushing plate moves to the upper limit, the end part of the ejector rod is in contact with the side wall of the material pushing opening to push the sliding plug to tightly press the air passage, and gas cannot be discharged.
When the garbage crusher works, crushed and dried kitchen garbage is fed into the inner material barrel, the vibration motor on the side wall of the inner material barrel assists the downward movement of raw materials, particularly when more raw materials are stacked, the raw materials fall into the material placing cavity at the lower end, the blanking time is timed, namely the movement time of the motor on the rotating shaft is controlled, after the charging is finished, the motor drives the rotating disc to rotate 180 degrees, so that the rotating disc is aligned with the material outlet, at the moment, the other material placing cavity and the material inlet are aligned and fed, the auxiliary material pushing device on the auxiliary material pushing port drives the material pushing disc to move downwards, the raw materials in the auxiliary material placing cavity are fed into the material pressing box at the lower end, meanwhile, in the downward movement process, the distance between the side wall of the material placing cavity and the side wall of the pressing ring is increased, the sliding plug is pushed open under the action of air pressure, the air is discharged from the air outlet and is flushed to the side wall of the material placing cavity through the flow guide part, the raw materials on the side wall of the material placing cavity are flushed away, the reciprocating screw rod acts and the resetting of the material pushing disc is finished, the sliding plug is pressed against a gas flow channel after reset, the material pressing cylinder acts simultaneously to drive the main material pressing plate to act, the main material pressing plate is matched with the auxiliary material pressing plate and presses raw materials into blocky nutrient soil, the locking mechanism acts later, the electromagnet acts and attracts the armature, the stop lever is separated from contact locking, the material pressing cylinder continues to act to push the nutrient soil and the auxiliary material pressing plate to overcome spring force to move rightwards, when the nutrient soil and the auxiliary material pressing plate move to the right limit position, the stop lever is inserted into a left end pin hole under the spring force to achieve the locking purpose, then the cylinder acts reversely to drive the main material pressing block to reset, the main material pressing block is driven to fall to complete discharging under the action of gravity, a discharging port is formed at the lower end of the sliding support, a discharging box is arranged at the lower end of the discharging port, the electromagnet acts to attract the armature, the stop lever moves upwards, and the auxiliary material pressing plate resets under the action of the spring force.
The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent garbage separation system integrates feeding, transferring, pushing, pressing and discharging, and has high automation degree; the double-pipe feeding and the vibration motor are arranged, so that the feeding effect is good and the efficiency is high; the material transferring device is arranged, quantitative discharging can be realized, and the working efficiency is improved by the double material placing cavities; an auxiliary material pushing device is arranged, so that the material pushing effect is improved; the locking device realizes the state control of the auxiliary material pressing plate, the material pressing cylinder realizes material pressing and material discharging, the whole structure is compact, and the material pressing effect is good.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A nutrient soil briquetting device of a garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system is arranged in a garbage can body and is characterized by comprising a feeding device, a material transferring device and a material pressing device;
the feeding device comprises an inner charging barrel (1) and an outer sleeve (2), wherein the inner charging barrel is vertically arranged, the outer sleeve is coaxially arranged outside the inner charging barrel, a gap is formed between the inner charging barrel and the outer sleeve, an elastic connecting device is arranged in the gap, a vibrating motor (3) is arranged on the outer wall of the inner charging barrel, and the inlet end of the upper end of the inner charging barrel is positioned at the discharge end of the dryer;
the material transferring device is arranged at the lower end of the material feeding device and comprises a material transferring box body (43) and a rotary table (42), a feeding hole is formed in the upper end of the material transferring box body, the feeding hole is connected with the outlet end of the inner material cylinder, a discharging hole is formed in the lower end of the box body, the rotary table is rotatably arranged in the box body, the rotating axis of the rotary table is parallel to the axis of the inner material cylinder, the upper end and the lower end of the rotary table penetrate through and form material placing cavities (40) capable of being aligned with the feeding hole, the material placing cavities are two and circumferentially and uniformly distributed, and when one material placing cavity is aligned with the feeding hole, the other material placing cavity is aligned with the discharging hole;
the pressing device is arranged at the lower end of the box body and comprises a pressing cylinder (61), a pressing box (62), a main pressing plate (611) and an auxiliary pressing plate (63), a material pressing channel (621) is horizontally arranged in the material pressing box, a material inlet communicated with the material outlet is arranged at the top of the material pressing channel, the pressing cylinder is fixed at the left end of the pressing box, an output shaft of the pressing cylinder extends into the pressing channel and is connected with the main pressing plate, the right end of the pressing channel is open, the open end is provided with a sliding support, the auxiliary material pressing plate is arranged on the sliding support in a sliding way, the sliding direction of the auxiliary material pressing plate is parallel to the sliding direction of the main material pressing plate, the sliding support is provided with a spring which enables the auxiliary material pressing plate to have a leftward movement trend, and the sliding support is provided with a locking mechanism which is used for locking and fixing the auxiliary material pressing plate when the auxiliary material pressing plate moves to a left limit position or a right limit position.
2. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the upper surface of the box body of the material transferring box is rigidly connected with the outer sleeve, the edge of the feeding hole is bent upwards to form a first connecting part, and the first connecting part is connected with the inner material cylinder through a corrugated pipe (16).
3. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the elastic connecting device comprises a first elastic part (13) and a second elastic part (15), the axis of the first elastic part is vertical to and intersected with the axis of the inner charging barrel, and the first elastic parts are uniformly distributed at the upper end and the lower end of the gap in the circumferential direction; the outer wall of interior feed cylinder is equipped with support ring (14), the inner wall of outer sleeve is equipped with lower support ring (21), lower support ring is located the lower extreme of last support ring, second elastomeric element circumference equipartition is in go up the support ring with between the lower support ring.
4. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the up end circumference equipartition of lower support ring has first shrinkage pool, the lower terminal surface circumference equipartition of going up the support ring have with the second shrinkage pool that first shrinkage pool corresponds, first elastomeric element installs first shrinkage pool with between the second shrinkage pool.
5. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: an annular body (11) is installed at the top of the outer sleeve, and bristles in contact with the outer wall of the inner sleeve are arranged on the inner wall of the annular body.
6. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the lateral wall of outer tube is seted up and is used for installing vibrating motor's installing port, be equipped with lid (22) on the installing port.
7. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the open end of the material pressing box is bent outwards in the radial direction to form a second connecting portion, at least three first guide rods (65) parallel to the material pressing cylinder are arranged on the second connecting portion, end plates (64) are arranged at the end portions of the first guide rods, the auxiliary material pressing plates are arranged on the first guide rods in a sliding mode, springs are arranged between the end plates and the auxiliary material pressing plates, and locking mechanisms are arranged between the auxiliary material pressing plates and the end plates.
8. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the locking mechanism comprises a guide post (66) vertically fixed at the right end of the auxiliary material pressing plate, a guide sleeve (661) sleeved on the guide post, a mounting bracket mounted on the side wall of the guide sleeve, and a stop lever (6751), an electromagnet (671) and a contact switch which are positioned in the mounting bracket, wherein the end plate is provided with a guide hole, the guide sleeve is fixedly mounted at the end part of the guide hole, the side wall of the guide sleeve is provided with a hole for the stop lever to pass through, the stop lever is sleeved in the hole, a compression spring (674) is arranged outside the stop lever, the compression spring enables the stop lever to have a radial inward movement trend, the side wall of the guide post is provided with two pin holes for the stop lever to insert, and the two pin holes are respectively positioned at the left limit position and the right limit position of the guide post; the tip of pin is equipped with armature (672), the electro-magnet is installed be used for the actuation on the axis extension line of pin armature, the lateral wall of pin is equipped with the connecting rod, be equipped with the perpendicular to on the connecting rod the driving lever (677) of pin, carousel (679) are installed to the installing support internal rotation ground, the axis of rotation perpendicular to of carousel the axis of pin, the lateral wall of carousel is equipped with plectrum (678) and feeler lever (6791), be equipped with the bar groove on the plectrum, the driving lever cover is established the bar inslot, contact switch is two and is located respectively on the two poles of the earth of feeler lever are spacing.
9. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the upper end of the box body of the material transferring box is provided with a material pushing opening, the material pushing opening is located right above the material discharging opening, and an auxiliary material pushing device is arranged on the material pushing opening.
10. The nutrient soil briquetting device of the environment-friendly intelligent separation system of garbage as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the auxiliary material pushing device comprises a lifting mechanism and a material pushing disc (55) arranged at the output end of the lifting mechanism, air holes are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the material pushing disc, and the air holes are connected with an air source; elevating system includes perpendicular guide arm (53), the end fixing of perpendicular guide arm has roof (51), sliding fit has slider (52) on the perpendicular guide arm, be fixed with on the slider and be on a parallel with installation pole (56) of perpendicular guide arm, the charging tray is fixed the tip of installation pole, the lateral wall of installation pole is equipped with connecting block (58), the trepanning has been seted up on the connecting block, the cover of trepanning is equipped with reciprocal screw rod (57), the lateral wall of trepanning be equipped with contact site (582) of the screw thread contact of reciprocal way screw rod.
CN202010088364.5A 2020-02-12 2020-02-12 Nutrient soil briquetting device of garbage environment-friendly intelligent separation system Active CN111251652B (en)

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