CN111236120A - Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper - Google Patents

Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111236120A
CN111236120A CN202010090093.7A CN202010090093A CN111236120A CN 111236120 A CN111236120 A CN 111236120A CN 202010090093 A CN202010090093 A CN 202010090093A CN 111236120 A CN111236120 A CN 111236120A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
sweeping
garbage
roller
road sweeper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010090093.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周献群
浣志勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changsha Zhongliang Machine Co ltd
Original Assignee
Changsha Zhongliang Machine Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changsha Zhongliang Machine Co ltd filed Critical Changsha Zhongliang Machine Co ltd
Priority to CN202010090093.7A priority Critical patent/CN111236120A/en
Publication of CN111236120A publication Critical patent/CN111236120A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/042Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading the loading means being an endless belt or an auger
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/05Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/05Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes
    • E01H1/056Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes having horizontal axes

Abstract

The invention discloses a cleaning mechanism of a road sweeper, which comprises a rack, wherein a travelling mechanism, a garbage cleaning assembly, a garbage conveying and collecting device and a driving mechanism are arranged in the rack, the rack is formed by welding angle steel, partial parts are connected by bolts, the travelling mechanism consists of four universal wheels, the front two wheels cannot change direction, the rear two wheels can change direction, the whole cleaning head takes an electric motor as travelling power, the cleaning head is connected with the electric motor by a connecting bottom plate, the garbage cleaning assembly is composed of cleaning brush seedlings, a cleaning roller and a chain wheel, and the cleaning brush seedlings are axially fixed by positioning pins. The invention improves the working efficiency of the sweeper, lightens the labor intensity of sanitation workers, improves the cleaning efficiency, has simple operation, good effect, simple and beautiful shape, reasonable structure and strong applicability, and in addition, the sweeper has less secondary pollution in the sweeping process, is convenient to be combined with other existing equipment for use and is convenient to popularize.

Description

Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of municipal tools, in particular to a cleaning mechanism of a road sweeper.
Background
A comfortable living and living environment is important and the demand for the environment is continuously increasing. The social economy of China is continuously developed, the process of urbanization is increasingly accelerated, so that the population of cities is continuously increased, the urban domestic garbage is continuously increased, the working intensity of urban sanitation is continuously increased, and particularly, dead zones are difficult to clean. The small-sized sweeping machine shows its superiority at this time. Although the government has great importance in this respect, the development status of the equipment in the sanitation industry is far from the current economic and social development situation, wherein the problem of lagging road cleaning equipment is more prominent. This requires constant improvement in our maintenance means and, in the case of road surface cleaning, requires a change from the original awkward, inefficient manual cleaning to modern, flexible, efficient mechanical cleaning. The manual sweeping has high labor intensity and low efficiency, pollutes the environment, faces the dilemma of lacking of people in the future, and has a necessary trend of replacing manual sweeping with machinery. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions for realizing mechanization of cleaning, so as to reduce the labor intensity of cleaning workers, improve the labor conditions, and continuously improve the road cleaning quality and the environmental sanitation level. The cleaning device of the small-sized sweeper integrates cleaning, collecting and transferring. The garbage cleaning machine is composed of a transmission mechanism, a garbage collecting and transferring mechanism, a garbage cleaning roller and the like. Can be applied to pick up the common domestic waste in urban streets, such as: cigarette ends, paper scraps, fruit peels, leaves, paper beverage cups and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art and provides a cleaning mechanism of a road sweeper.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper comprises a frame, wherein a travelling mechanism, a garbage sweeping assembly, a garbage conveying and collecting device and a driving mechanism are arranged in the frame;
the frame is formed by angle steel welding, and bolted connection is used to some parts, running gear comprises four universal wheels, and preceding two can not the diversion, and two can change the direction in the back, and whole cleaning head is as walking power by electric motor, and is linked to each other with linking bottom plate between cleaning head and the electric motor, rubbish cleans the assembly and is by cleaning brush seedling, clean cylinder, sprocket, and axial fixity is realized through the locating pin to cleaning brush seedling, cleans the cylinder and passes through the bearing frame to be fixed in the middle of the frame, and rubbish is carried collection device and is included material loading board, lower roller assembly, conveyer belt, upper roller assembly and diversion axle and dustbin, actuating mechanism includes storage battery and DC motor.
Preferably, the dustbin is made of plastic.
Preferably, the sweeping part is composed of a transversely arranged sweeping roller provided with sweeping brush seedlings.
Preferably, the cleaning brush seedlings on the cleaning roller rotate along with the cleaning roller, one end of the cleaning roller is coaxially connected with the chain wheel, and the cleaning roller rotates circularly through the movement of the chain wheel.
Preferably, the rotation direction of the conveying belt and the walking direction of the rack are in reverse rotation through the gear, and finally the garbage falls into the garbage box at the tail end of the conveying belt due to the action of gravity along with the rising of the garbage.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the cleaning mechanism is a core component of the cleaning machine, and the improvement of the performance of the cleaning mechanism can improve the working efficiency of the cleaning machine, reduce the labor intensity of sanitation workers, accelerate the cleaning of sanitation dead corners and improve the cleaning efficiency. Aiming at the current environmental sanitation work condition, a cleaning device integrating cleaning, collecting and transferring is designed, and the cleaning device is reliable in work, simple in operation and good in effect; meanwhile, the novel multifunctional electric heating cooker is simple and attractive in appearance, reasonable in structure and strong in applicability. In addition, this cleaning device is less at cleaning in-process secondary pollution, and convenient and other equipment combination use now, facilitate promotion.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveyor belt of a cleaning mechanism of a road sweeper provided by the invention.
In the figure: the cleaning machine comprises a frame 1, a chain wheel 2, a cleaning roller 3, a feeding plate 4, a conveying belt 5, a lower roller assembly 6, a belt pulley 7, a first-stage driven shaft 8, a storage battery 9, a universal wheel 10, a second-stage driven shaft 11, a belt 12, a direct current motor 13, a garbage can 14, an upper roller assembly 15, a handrail 16, a gear 17, a connecting bottom plate 18 and a cleaning brush seedling 19.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-2, in the present embodiment, a cleaning mechanism of a road sweeper includes a frame 1, and a traveling mechanism, a garbage cleaning assembly, a garbage conveying and collecting device, and a driving mechanism are installed in the frame 1;
the frame 1 is formed by angle steel welding, and bolted connection is used to some parts, running gear comprises four universal wheels 10, and preceding two can not the diversion, two can change the direction in the back, and whole cleaning head is as walking power by electric motor, and cleaning head and electric motor link to each other with linking bottom plate 18 between, the rubbish cleans the assembly and is by cleaning brush seedling 19, cleans cylinder 3, sprocket 2, and axial fixity is realized through the locating pin to cleaning brush seedling 19, cleans cylinder 3 and fixes in the middle of frame 1 through the bearing frame, and rubbish is carried collection device and is included material loading board 4, lower roller assembly 6, conveyer belt 5, upper roller assembly 15 and diversion axle and dustbin 14, actuating mechanism includes storage battery 9 and DC motor 13.
Example two
In this embodiment, the trash can 14 is made of plastic; the cleaning part is composed of a transverse cleaning roller 3 provided with cleaning brush seedlings; the cleaning brush seedlings 19 on the cleaning roller 3 rotate along with the cleaning roller 3, one end of the cleaning roller 3 is coaxially connected with the chain wheel 2, the cleaning roller 3 rotates circularly through the movement of the chain wheel 2, and the chain transmission has no integral slip or elastic slip phenomenon, so that the cleaning brush seedlings have accurate average transmission ratio and are suitable for working in greasy or damp places; when the sweeper works, the sweeping roller 3 sweeps and throws garbage onto the conveying belt 5, the rotating direction of the conveying belt 5 and the traveling direction of the rack 1 are in reverse rotation through the gear 17, the conveying belt 5 is provided with a straight brush to prevent the garbage thrown onto the conveying belt from sliding downwards in the upward conveying process, and finally the garbage falls into the garbage can 14 at the tail end of the conveying belt 5 under the action of gravity along with the rising of the garbage; the walking part is realized by two front positioning wheels and two universal rear wheels, which is convenient and economical; the design can reduce the labor intensity of cleaners and improve the working efficiency, and the power is supplied by the direct current motor 13 powered by the battery 9, so the operation is convenient and the pollution is less. Operating the system: the hand-push type handrail controls the opening and closing of the motor. In addition, the sweeper is provided with tools such as a manual long-handle clamp and a shovel to pick up garbage in places where the sweeper cannot reach, and can be provided with a sunshade to improve the labor condition of workers.
The invention improves the working efficiency of the sweeper, lightens the labor intensity of sanitation workers, improves the cleaning efficiency, has simple operation, good effect, simple and beautiful shape, reasonable structure and strong applicability, and in addition, the sweeper has less secondary pollution in the sweeping process, is convenient to be combined with other existing equipment for use and is convenient to popularize.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper comprises a frame (1), and is characterized in that a travelling mechanism, a garbage sweeping assembly, a garbage conveying and collecting device and a driving mechanism are installed in the frame (1);
the garbage cleaning machine is characterized in that the rack (1) is formed by welding angle steel, partial parts are connected through bolts, the traveling mechanism is composed of four universal wheels (10), the front two universal wheels cannot change direction, the rear two universal wheels can change direction, the whole cleaning head is driven by an electric motor to serve as traveling power, the cleaning head is connected with the electric motor through a connecting bottom plate (18), the garbage cleaning assembly is composed of cleaning brush seedlings (19), a cleaning roller (3) and a chain wheel (2), the cleaning brush seedlings (19) are axially fixed through positioning pins, the cleaning roller (3) is fixed in the middle of the rack (1) through a bearing seat, the garbage conveying and collecting device comprises an upper material plate (4), a lower roller assembly (6), a conveying belt (5), an upper roller assembly (15), a turning shaft and a garbage can (14), and the driving mechanism comprises a storage battery (9) and a direct current motor (13).
2. The sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dustbin (14) is made of plastic.
3. A sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper according to claim 1, characterized in that the sweeping part is constituted by a transversely arranged sweeping drum (3) mounted with sweeping brush seedlings.
4. The sweeping mechanism of the road sweeper according to claim 1, wherein the sweeping brush seedlings (19) on the sweeping roller (3) rotate along with the sweeping roller (3), one end of the sweeping roller (3) is coaxially connected with the chain wheel (2), and the sweeping roller (3) is driven by the chain wheel (2) to rotate circularly.
5. The sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper according to claim 1, wherein the rotation direction of the conveyor belt (5) is opposite to the traveling direction of the frame (1) through the gear (17), and as the garbage rises, the garbage finally falls into the garbage bin (14) at the end of the conveyor belt (5) due to gravity.
CN202010090093.7A 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper Pending CN111236120A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010090093.7A CN111236120A (en) 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010090093.7A CN111236120A (en) 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111236120A true CN111236120A (en) 2020-06-05

Family

ID=70863000

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010090093.7A Pending CN111236120A (en) 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111236120A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111877234A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-11-03 烟台南山学院 Classified garbage sweeper

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608554Y (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-03-31 曾广元 Portable environmental protection cleaning vehicle
ES1067200U (en) * 2007-07-25 2008-05-01 Clemente Punzon Tapetado Apero cleaning of livestock and other premises (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN201137050Y (en) * 2007-10-15 2008-10-22 王曹 Novel street sweeper
CN204753461U (en) * 2015-07-04 2015-11-11 邱振发 Clean shallow for building novel
CN206873361U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-01-12 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 A kind of sweeping hand cart
CN110700167A (en) * 2019-09-20 2020-01-17 苏州德君环卫服务有限公司 Urban domestic garbage cleaning and transporting integrated device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608554Y (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-03-31 曾广元 Portable environmental protection cleaning vehicle
ES1067200U (en) * 2007-07-25 2008-05-01 Clemente Punzon Tapetado Apero cleaning of livestock and other premises (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN201137050Y (en) * 2007-10-15 2008-10-22 王曹 Novel street sweeper
CN204753461U (en) * 2015-07-04 2015-11-11 邱振发 Clean shallow for building novel
CN206873361U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-01-12 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 A kind of sweeping hand cart
CN110700167A (en) * 2019-09-20 2020-01-17 苏州德君环卫服务有限公司 Urban domestic garbage cleaning and transporting integrated device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111877234A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-11-03 烟台南山学院 Classified garbage sweeper

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