CN111217040A - Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure - Google Patents

Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111217040A
CN111217040A CN201811326843.5A CN201811326843A CN111217040A CN 111217040 A CN111217040 A CN 111217040A CN 201811326843 A CN201811326843 A CN 201811326843A CN 111217040 A CN111217040 A CN 111217040A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
double
oil tank
tank
structural
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811326843.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙万付
程庆利
陶彬
贾光
张玉平
刘全桢
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Qingdao Safety Engineering Institute
Original Assignee
China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Qingdao Safety Engineering Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Petroleum and Chemical Corp, Sinopec Qingdao Safety Engineering Institute filed Critical China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Priority to CN201811326843.5A priority Critical patent/CN111217040A/en
Publication of CN111217040A publication Critical patent/CN111217040A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/02Wall construction
    • B65D90/028Wall construction hollow-walled, e.g. double-walled with spacers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/10Manholes; Inspection openings; Covers therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/48Arrangements of indicating or measuring devices
    • B65D90/50Arrangements of indicating or measuring devices of leakage-indicating devices
    • B65D90/501Arrangements of indicating or measuring devices of leakage-indicating devices comprising hollow spaces within walls

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of oil storage tanks, and discloses a double-layer oil tank with a carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure. This double-layer oil tank includes: interior barrel (11), outer barrel (12), head (2) and be located hollow layer (3) between the barrel, hollow layer (3) are including range upon range of first structural layer (31), are link up layer (33) and second structural layer (32), first structural layer (31) with second structural layer (32) are carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layer, it is located to link up layer (33) first structural layer (31) with between second structural layer (32). The double-layer oil tank provided by the invention has the advantages of simple structure, light weight, high strength, reasonable design, low labor cost, good anti-seepage performance, high safety, stable and reliable operation and long service life.

Description

Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of oil storage tanks, in particular to a double-layer oil tank with a carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure.
Background
The importance and status of oil tanks as one of the most widely used storage facilities in the oil industry is not negligible, and the application of a large number of oil tanks makes the safety thereof a matter of considerable research. The large-scale oil storage tank stores petroleum products with extremely dangerous physicochemical properties, and the leakage accident of the oil storage tank can bring immeasurable accident hazard to the life safety, property safety, ecological environment and the like of human beings.
The existing oil storage tank can be divided into a metal oil tank and a non-metal oil tank according to the material; according to the position, the underground oil tank, the semi-underground oil tank and the overground oil tank can be separated; can be divided into vertical type and horizontal type according to the installation form; can be divided into a cylinder shape, a square box shape and a spherical shape according to the shape. The anticorrosion measures of the inner wall of the oil storage tank are determined according to the storage medium in the tank, and the anticorrosion measures of the outer wall are determined according to the soil quality of the tank. At present, the glass fiber reinforced plastic double-layer oil tank or the tank body is taken as a metal tank in the market, the outer tank body is mainly the glass fiber reinforced plastic double-layer oil tank structure, the preparation process of the glass fiber reinforced plastic double-wall oil storage tank mainly adopts a female die and jet forming manufacturing process, the equipment investment is large, the preparation process is complex, a large number of workers are needed, the preparation efficiency is low, and the reinforcing material is chopped fibers, so that the tensile modulus and the mechanical strength of a product are low, the strength of the tank body needs to be improved by increasing the wall thickness, the material consumption is increased, the cost is high, meanwhile, the double-layer oil tank has the problems of unstable connection mode, easy leakage of the oil tank.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a double-layer oil tank having high strength, light weight, and good sealing performance to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems of complex preparation, unstable connection mode, easy leakage of an oil tank, heavy weight, low strength and the like of the oil tank in the prior art, and provides the double-layer oil tank with the carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a double-layer oil tank of a hybrid structure of carbon fiber and glass fiber, wherein the double-layer oil tank comprises: the hollow layer comprises a first structural layer, a through layer and a second structural layer which are stacked, wherein the first structural layer and the second structural layer are carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layers, and the through layer is located between the first structural layer and the second structural layer.
Preferably, the outer cylinder is formed by winding carbon fiber and glass fiber.
Preferably, the cylinder body and the end enclosure of the double-layer oil tank are integrally formed.
Preferably, the double-layer oil tank is provided with a manhole, an operation well seat and a leakage detection pool communicated with the hollow layer.
Preferably, the outer wall of the outer cylinder body is further provided with a reinforcing rib.
Preferably, the first structural layer and the second structural layer are formed by winding carbon fibers and glass fibers.
Preferably, the through layer is a carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layer.
Preferably, the inner liner of the inner cylinder body is formed by bonding a surface felt and a jet yarn on the inner wall of the inner cylinder body.
Preferably, the thickness of the hollow layer is 1-5 mm.
Preferably, the distance between the through layer and the first structural layer is 0.5-4mm, and the distance between the through layer and the second structural layer is 0.5-4 mm.
According to the invention, the composite material with the carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure is adopted, so that the strength of the tank body can be improved, the weight of the tank body is reduced, the tank body is suitable for multi-occasion installation, and the safety and reliability are improved;
according to the invention, the corrosion resistance of the tank body is improved by adopting the composite material with the carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure, so that the tank body is free from maintenance and has longer service life;
according to the invention, the composite material with the carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure has good electrostatic conducting performance, thereby avoiding the risk of electrostatic fire and further improving the safety performance of the tank body;
according to the invention, the carbon fiber and the glass fiber are wound and formed, so that the preparation process is simplified;
according to the invention, the end socket and the barrel are integrally formed, so that the tank body has excellent sealing performance, is not easy to leak, and meets the requirement of environmental protection.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view showing the structure of a double-layer tank having a hybrid structure of carbon fiber and glass fiber according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a hollow layer in example 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a double-layer tank having a hybrid structure of carbon fiber and glass fiber according to the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals
1. Barrel 11, interior barrel
12. Outer cylinder 2, head
3. Hollow layer 31 and first structural layer
32. Second Structure layer 33, through layer
4. Manhole 5, operating well seat
6. Leak detection pond 7, strengthening rib
Detailed Description
In the present invention, the use of directional words such as "upper, lower, left and right" generally means upper, lower, left and right as viewed with reference to the accompanying drawings; "inner and outer" refer to the inner and outer relative to the profile of the components themselves.
The double layer tank of a hybrid carbon fiber and glass fiber structure of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals indicate like features throughout the drawings.
Based on the problems of complex preparation process, unstable connection mode, easy leakage of an oil tank, heavy weight, low strength and the like in the prior art, the invention provides a double-layer oil tank with a carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure, as shown in fig. 1-2, the double-layer oil tank comprises: interior barrel 11, outer barrel 12, head 2 and be located the hollow layer 3 between the barrel, hollow layer 3 is including the first structural layer 31 of range upon range of, link up layer 33 and second structural layer 32, first structural layer 31 with second structural layer 32 is carbon fiber/glass fiber composite bed, link up layer 33 is located first structural layer 31 with between the second structural layer 32.
The double-layer oil tank adopted by the invention can be a double-layer oil tank with an inner tank body of a metal tank and an outer tank body of glass fiber reinforced plastics or a double-layer oil tank with the inner tank body and the outer tank body of the glass fiber reinforced plastics.
In order to further reduce the weight of the tank body and improve the corrosion resistance of the tank body, the outer cylinder body 12 is preferably formed by winding carbon fibers and glass fibers. The outer cylinder body is formed by winding carbon fibers and glass fibers, so that the weight of the tank body is further reduced, the corrosion resistance of the oil tank is improved, and meanwhile, compared with the traditional manufacturing process of female mold and jet forming, the manufacturing process is further simplified and the production cost is reduced by winding the carbon fibers and the glass fibers.
In order to further improve the sealing performance of the tank body, the cylinder body 1 and the end enclosure 2 of the double-layer oil tank are preferably integrally formed. Through adopting barrel and head integrated into one piece, prevent the jar body because of rocking the inside stress inequality that produces and arrive revealing that leads to, further improved the sealing performance of the jar body, guaranteed the security of the jar body.
In order to monitor the sealing condition of the tank body and prevent leakage, preferably, a manhole 4, an operating well seat 5 and a leakage detection pool 6 communicated with the hollow layer 3 are arranged on the double-layer oil tank.
In order to enhance the strength of the tank body, preferably, the outer wall of the outer cylinder body is further provided with a reinforcing rib 7.
As shown in fig. 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, a cylinder 1 and a head 2 are integrally formed, a manhole 4, an operation well seat 5 and a leak detection tank 6 communicated with a hollow layer 3 are provided on a double-layer oil tank, and a reinforcing rib 7 is provided on an outer wall of an outer cylinder 12.
In order to further enhance the strength and corrosion resistance of the tank body, it is preferable that the first structural layer 31 and the second structural layer 32 are formed by winding carbon fibers and glass fibers. By adopting the carbon fiber and the glass fiber to wind and form, the corrosion resistance of the tank body is improved while the strength of the tank body is improved.
In order to enhance the anti-permeability performance of the tank body, preferably, the inner liner of the inner cylinder 11 is formed by bonding a surfacing felt and a sprayed yarn to the inner wall of the inner cylinder.
In order to further enhance the permeation-proof performance of the tank body, it is preferable that the penetration layer 33 is a carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layer. Through adopting the structure that the through layer is the carbon fiber/fiber composite layer in the package, the leakproofness and the anti-seepage performance of hollow layer have further been strengthened, can effectively prevent that oil from taking place the seepage for the intensity of jar body is high, and corrosion resistance is good, long service life.
In the double layer oil tank of the present invention, the thickness of the hollow layer is not particularly limited, and the thickness of the hollow layer 3 is preferably 1 to 5 mm.
In order to further enhance the permeability resistance of the can body, preferably, the distance between the through layer 33 and the first structural layer 31 is 0.5-4mm, and the distance between the through layer 33 and the second structural layer 32 is 0.5-4 mm.
The double-layer oil tank disclosed by the invention overcomes the problems that the double-layer oil tank in the prior art is complex to prepare, unstable in connection mode, easy to leak, heavy in weight, low in strength and the like, and has the advantages of simple structure, light weight, high strength, reasonable design, low labor cost, good anti-seepage performance, high safety, stable and reliable operation, long service life and the like, and the comprehensive benefit is good.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto. Within the scope of the technical idea of the invention, many simple modifications can be made to the technical solution of the invention. The invention is not described in detail in order to avoid unnecessary repetition. Such simple modifications and combinations should be considered within the scope of the present disclosure as well.

Claims (10)

1. A double-layer oil tank with a carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure is characterized by comprising: interior barrel (11), outer barrel (12), head (2) and be located hollow layer (3) between the barrel, hollow layer (3) are including range upon range of first structural layer (31), are link up layer (33) and second structural layer (32), first structural layer (31) with second structural layer (32) are carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layer, it is located to link up layer (33) first structural layer (31) with between second structural layer (32).
2. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer cylinder (12) is formed by winding carbon fiber and glass fiber.
3. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the barrel (1) and the head (2) of the double-layer oil tank are integrally formed.
4. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the double-layer oil tank is provided with a manhole (4), an operating well seat (5) and a leakage detection pool (6) communicated with the hollow layer (3).
5. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 2, wherein the outer wall of the outer cylinder is further provided with a reinforcing rib (7).
6. The two-layer tank according to claim 1, wherein the first structural layer (31) and the second structural layer (32) are formed by winding carbon fibers and glass fibers.
7. The double layer tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the through layer (33) is a carbon fiber/glass fiber composite layer.
8. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner lining of the inner cylinder (11) is formed by bonding a surfacing mat and a jet yarn to the inner wall of the inner cylinder.
9. The double layer tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the hollow layer (3) has a thickness of 1-5 mm.
10. The double-layer oil tank as claimed in claim 1, wherein the distance between the through layer (33) and the first structural layer (31) is 0.5-4mm, and the distance between the through layer (33) and the second structural layer (32) is 0.5-4 mm.
CN201811326843.5A 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure Pending CN111217040A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811326843.5A CN111217040A (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811326843.5A CN111217040A (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111217040A true CN111217040A (en) 2020-06-02

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ID=70805378

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811326843.5A Pending CN111217040A (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Double-layer oil tank with carbon fiber and glass fiber mixed structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111217040A (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103009729A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 蓝星(北京)化工机械有限公司 Carbon fiber composite, tank and preparation method thereof
CN203186914U (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-09-11 宜兴市鑫复特环保设备有限公司 High-performance glass fiber reinforced plastic storage tank
CN103331919A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-02 连云港中复连众复合材料集团有限公司 Method for preparing tank body with high rigidity and high strength
CN103538817A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-29 中国兵器工业集团第五三研究所 Glass fiber reinforced composite underground double-walled oil storage tank
CN106144294A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-23 四川全丰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of high-performance composite materials twin-wall oil tank and preparation method
CN106144279A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-23 四川全丰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of steel composite material double-walled oil tank and preparation method thereof
CN106185091A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 山东北方中意新材料有限公司 A kind of nonmetal two-compartment oil tank and preparation method thereof
CN205931959U (en) * 2016-08-28 2017-02-08 马国良 Ground horizontal tank
CN207482597U (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-12 山东新诺新材料有限公司 A kind of composite material storage tank of carbon fiber and glass fiber hybrid structure

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103009729A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 蓝星(北京)化工机械有限公司 Carbon fiber composite, tank and preparation method thereof
CN203186914U (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-09-11 宜兴市鑫复特环保设备有限公司 High-performance glass fiber reinforced plastic storage tank
CN103331919A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-02 连云港中复连众复合材料集团有限公司 Method for preparing tank body with high rigidity and high strength
CN103538817A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-29 中国兵器工业集团第五三研究所 Glass fiber reinforced composite underground double-walled oil storage tank
CN106144294A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-23 四川全丰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of high-performance composite materials twin-wall oil tank and preparation method
CN106144279A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-23 四川全丰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of steel composite material double-walled oil tank and preparation method thereof
CN205931959U (en) * 2016-08-28 2017-02-08 马国良 Ground horizontal tank
CN106185091A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 山东北方中意新材料有限公司 A kind of nonmetal two-compartment oil tank and preparation method thereof
CN207482597U (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-12 山东新诺新材料有限公司 A kind of composite material storage tank of carbon fiber and glass fiber hybrid structure

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