CN111203786B - Rapid shakeout treatment equipment and shakeout treatment process for surface of casting part cavity - Google Patents

Rapid shakeout treatment equipment and shakeout treatment process for surface of casting part cavity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111203786B
CN111203786B CN202010128259.XA CN202010128259A CN111203786B CN 111203786 B CN111203786 B CN 111203786B CN 202010128259 A CN202010128259 A CN 202010128259A CN 111203786 B CN111203786 B CN 111203786B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
sliding
plate
rotating
shaft
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Application number
CN202010128259.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111203786A (en
Inventor
王飞翔
李海波
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Xinchang Yuefeng cast steel industry Co., Ltd
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Xinchang Yuefeng Cast Steel Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010128259.XA priority Critical patent/CN111203786B/en
Publication of CN111203786A publication Critical patent/CN111203786A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/033Other grinding machines or devices for grinding a surface for cleaning purposes, e.g. for descaling or for grinding off flaws in the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0023Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines with a plurality of working posts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0069Other grinding machines or devices with means for feeding the work-pieces to the grinding tool, e.g. turntables, transfer means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/067Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies radially supporting workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/16Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces performing a reciprocating movement, e.g. during which the sense of rotation of the working-spindle is reversed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like

Abstract

The invention provides a quick shakeout treatment device and a shakeout treatment process for the surface of a casting part cavity, and the quick shakeout treatment device comprises a collection unit, an execution unit, a clamp unit and a support unit, wherein the execution unit is arranged above the support unit; the invention can solve the problems that the inner cavity of the hollow casting still needs to be finished by manual operation after the sand core is mechanically separated from the casting, sand and burrs adhered to the surface of the inner wall of the casting are cleaned up by manually using a wire brush and a grinding wheel, but the inner cavity of the hollow casting is difficult to clean up by manual operation, the manual cleaning wastes time and labor, the labor intensity is high, the production efficiency is low, the manual cleaning is difficult to ensure the quality, the construction period is prolonged, and the casting cost is increased.

Description

Rapid shakeout treatment equipment and shakeout treatment process for surface of casting part cavity
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of casting sand removal, in particular to quick shakeout treatment equipment and a shakeout treatment process for a casting cavity surface.
Background
In sand casting, a cast after pouring and cooling can be mechanically processed or used only through shakeout treatment, shakeout of the cast is mechanically separated from molding sand and a sand box, and then bonded sand, the molding sand and redundant metal on the surface of the cast are cleaned;
after the sand core and the casting are separated mechanically, the inner cavity of the hollow casting still needs to be finished by manual operation, sand and burrs adhered to the surface of the inner wall of the casting are cleaned up by manually using a steel wire brush and a grinding wheel, but the inner cavity of the hollow casting is difficult to clean up by manual operation, the manual cleaning wastes time and energy, the labor intensity is high, the production efficiency is low, the manual cleaning is difficult to ensure the quality, the construction period is prolonged, and the casting cost is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme that the quick shakeout treatment equipment for the surface of the casting cavity comprises a collecting unit, an execution unit, a clamp unit and a supporting unit; the device comprises a support unit, a clamp unit, a collecting unit, a clamping unit and a clamping unit, wherein the execution unit is arranged above the support unit, the clamp unit is arranged in the middle of the execution unit, the clamp unit is arranged on the support unit, the collecting unit is arranged below the support unit, and the clamp unit is arranged above the collecting unit; wherein:
the executing unit comprises a protective plate, a limiting plate, a linkage shaft lever, a first bevel gear, a height reciprocating lever, a second bevel gear, a crank connecting rod, a motor clamping seat, a rotating motor, a transmission unit, a power transmission belt, a motor bracket and a motor; the protection plate is symmetrically arranged on the supporting unit, the limiting plate is arranged above the protection plate, the linkage shaft lever penetrates through the protection plate, the first bevel gears are respectively arranged at the output shaft ends at two sides of the linkage shaft lever, the high reciprocating lever penetrates through the protection plate and the limiting plate symmetrically, the second bevel gear is arranged at the output shaft end at the bottom of the high reciprocating lever, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are in mutual meshing motion, the crank connecting rods are arranged on the high reciprocating lever in a spiral mode, the two high reciprocating levers are connected through the crank connecting rods, the motor clamping seat is arranged on the crank connecting rods, the rotating motor is arranged on the motor clamping seat through the motor seat, the transmission units are symmetrically arranged on the crank connecting rods, and the output shafts of the rotating motor are connected with the transmission units through the shaft connectors, the two transmission units are mutually and rotatably connected through a power transmission belt arranged on an outer ring; the motor bracket is arranged on the outer wall of the supporting unit, the motor is arranged on the motor bracket through the motor base, and the output shaft end of the motor is connected with the linkage shaft lever through a coupling; the linkage shaft lever is driven by the motor, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear move in an engaged mode, the screw threads arranged on the highly reciprocating rod realize the up-and-down reciprocating motion of the crank connecting rod, and then the rotating motor drives the transmission unit to clean bonded sand on the surface of the inner wall of the casting.
The transmission unit comprises a follow-up rotating frame, an inclined shaft rod, an abrasive disc and a discharge drill bit; the servo rotating frame is arranged on the execution unit, an inclined shaft lever is arranged at the upper end of the servo rotating frame, the shaft end of the inclined shaft lever is connected with an abrasive disc, the abrasive disc is movably arranged in the middle of the servo rotating frame, and a discharging drill bit is arranged at the bottom end of the servo rotating frame; the grinding material disc is driven by the inclined shaft lever to realize up-and-down jumping grinding, and then sand is discharged by the aid of the discharging drill bit in an outward guiding mode.
The clamp unit comprises a sliding base, a bidirectional screw lever, a rotating hand wheel, a fixed chuck, a clamping plate, a sliding shaft lever, a displacement chuck and a reciprocating unit; the device comprises a sliding base, a reciprocating unit, a bidirectional screw lever, a rotary hand wheel, fixed clamping plates, sliding shaft rods and displacement clamping plates, wherein the sliding base is arranged on a supporting unit in a sliding fit mode, the right shaft end of the sliding base is connected with the reciprocating unit, the reciprocating unit is arranged on the supporting unit, the bidirectional screw lever is arranged in the middle of the sliding base in a spiral mode, the left shaft end of the bidirectional screw lever is movably provided with the rotary hand wheel, the fixed clamping plates are uniformly arranged on the sliding base, the clamping plates are symmetrically arranged on the bidirectional screw lever in a spiral fit mode, the sliding shaft rods are symmetrically arranged between the two clamping plates in a sliding fit mode, and the displacement clamping plates are uniformly arranged; the bidirectional screw lever is shaken by the rotating hand wheel to push the clamping plate to move inwards, the sliding shaft lever is used for assisting sliding, then the displacement chuck is pushed, and the multi-station bidirectional clamping is completed through the displacement chuck and the fixed chuck.
The reciprocating unit comprises a rectangular guide rail seat, a sliding plate, a propelling cylinder, a rotary wheel, a rotary shaft seat, a power-assisted transmission belt, a power-assisted hand wheel and an interconnection rod; the device comprises a rectangular guide rail seat, a sliding plate, a propelling cylinder, a revolving wheel, a power-assisted hand wheel, a power-assisted transmission belt, a rotating shaft seat, a mutual rotating connection, a mutual connecting rod and a rotating shaft head, wherein the rectangular guide rail seat is arranged on a supporting unit, the sliding plate is arranged on the rectangular guide rail seat in a sliding fit mode, the propelling cylinder is uniformly arranged on the sliding plate, the revolving wheel is arranged on the sliding plate in a sliding fit mode, the revolving wheel and the propelling cylinder are mutually meshed and rotate, the rotating shaft seat is arranged on the outer wall of the rectangular guide rail seat, the power-assisted hand wheel is movably connected to the outer wall of the shaft end of the rotating shaft seat, the rotating shaft seat and the; make the helping hand drive belt drive the gyrostat through artifical the gyrostat and rotate, rotate through gyrostat and propulsion drum intermeshing, then promote the action that the sliding plate carries out the displacement of stepping, carry out oval rotary motion on the sliding plate through the gyrostat, realized advancing and retreating of sliding plate.
The supporting unit comprises a strip-shaped cushion block, a T-shaped supporting plate, a chute and a guide rail supporting plate; the strip-shaped cushion blocks are uniformly arranged on the T-shaped support plate, the sliding material groove is arranged on the strip-shaped cushion blocks, a guide rail support plate is arranged on the left side of the sliding material groove, and the guide rail support plate is connected with the sliding material groove.
The collecting unit comprises an adjusting handle, a collecting frame, a wheel frame, a pulley and a brake pad; the adjusting handle is arranged on the outer wall of the collecting frame, a wheel frame is arranged at the bottom end of the collecting frame, pulleys are arranged on four support legs of the wheel frame through bearings respectively, and brake pads are arranged above the pulleys; the sand is collected by a collecting frame, and then the worker sends the sand to a subsequent recovery process through a pulley.
Preferably; the middle part of the abrasive disc is designed to rotate the ball, the abrasive disc can conveniently swing up and down while rotating and polishing operation is carried out, the action of a manual shovel buckle is simulated, the polishing contact range and force are enlarged, and the cleaning quality of sand bonded on the surface of the inner wall of a casting is ensured.
Preferably; the outer ring of the discharging drill bit is provided with the spiral pushing piece, the discharging drill bit is convenient to discharge sand falling in a separating mode through the spiral pushing piece when the casting inner wall molding sand is separated, the sand falling in the separating mode is prevented from being repeatedly contacted in a polishing mode, and polishing efficiency is improved.
Preferably; the multi-station sliding plate is convenient to rotate and reciprocate through the elliptical guide rails when moving in position, and the working efficiency is improved.
Preferably; the sliding chute is designed to be inclined from high to low, so that sand grains bonded on the inner wall of the casting are conveniently collected in the polishing process and are conveyed to a specified collecting device through the sliding chute for subsequent recovery treatment, and the production cost is saved.
Preferably; the middle part of guide rail backup pad is provided with linear guide, will the middle part of guide rail backup pad is provided with linear guide, and the multistation of being convenient for can be smooth and easy when carrying out the position and remove, and the vibrations about the during operation of polishing of also having avoided the foundry goods inner wall are rocked, have stabilized operating condition.
Preferably; the brake block is designed to be in inner circle fit, the pulley is convenient to lock and fix in a working state, and the position of the collecting frame is prevented from moving, so that when sand falling during collecting and polishing is collected, the sand falls onto the ground, the working environment on the ground is polluted, and the probability that workers slip down and are injured is increased.
In addition, the invention also provides a quick shakeout treatment process for the surface of the casting cavity, which is completed by matching the quick shakeout treatment equipment for the surface of the casting cavity, and comprises the following steps:
firstly, shaking a bidirectional screw lever by a rotating hand wheel to push a clamping plate to move inwards, assisting in sliding through a sliding shaft rod, then pushing a displacement clamping plate, and finishing bidirectional clamping of a cylindrical hollow casting at multiple stations through the displacement clamping plate and a fixed clamping plate;
step two, the linkage shaft lever is driven by the motor, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are meshed with each other to move, the screw threads arranged on the highly reciprocating rod realize the up-and-down reciprocating motion of the crank connecting rod, then the rotating motor drives the transmission unit to clean bonded sand on the surface of the inner wall of the casting, then the power-assisted transmission belt is driven by manually shaking the rotary wheel to drive the rotary wheel to rotate, the rotary wheel and the propulsion cylinder are meshed with each other to rotate, then the sliding plate is pushed to perform progressive displacement, and the rotary wheel performs elliptic rotary motion on the sliding plate to realize the advancing and retreating of the sliding plate;
and step three, collecting sand grains through a collecting frame, and then sending the sand grains to subsequent recovery processing through a pulley by a worker.
Advantageous effects
Firstly, the double-station casting inner wall polishing device completes polishing operation of the double-station casting inner wall through the transmission unit, improves polishing efficiency, drives the grinding material disc to jump up and down through the inclined shaft rod while performing rotary polishing operation, simulates actions of a manual shovel buckle, enlarges polishing contact range and force, and ensures cleaning quality of sand bonded on the casting inner wall surface.
The multi-station progressive displacement device completes the action of multi-station progressive displacement through the reciprocating unit, the power-assisted transmission belt is driven to drive the rotary wheel to rotate by manually shaking the rotary wheel, the rotary wheel and the propelling cylinder are meshed with each other to rotate, then the sliding plate is pushed to perform the action of progressive displacement, and the rotary wheel performs elliptic rotary motion on the sliding plate, so that the sliding plate is moved forwards and backwards.
The invention completes multi-station bidirectional clamping through the bidirectional screw lever, has good clamping and fixing effects on the cylindrical hollow casting, is simple and quick in operation action, reduces the use of mechanical parts, and reduces the comprehensive cost of production machinery.
The sand collecting device facilitates the polishing and recovery of the sand bonded on the inner wall of the casting through the collecting unit, collects the sand through the collecting frame, and then sends the sand to the subsequent recovery processing by workers, thereby saving the production cost.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic left side perspective view of the present invention in a home position;
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of the right side perspective of the present invention from a home viewing position;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the present invention in a rear-view position;
FIG. 4 is a schematic bottom perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at B in FIG. 2;
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a rapid shakeout treatment apparatus for a casting cavity surface includes a collection unit 1, an execution unit 2, a clamp unit 3, and a support unit 4; the device comprises a support unit 4, a clamp unit 3, a collecting unit 1 and a clamp unit 2, wherein the support unit 4 is provided with the execution unit 2, the clamp unit 3 is arranged in the middle of the execution unit 2, the clamp unit 3 is arranged on the support unit 4, the collecting unit 1 is arranged below the support unit 4, and the clamp unit 3 is arranged above the collecting unit 1; wherein:
the collecting unit 1 comprises an adjusting handle 10, an aggregate frame 11, a wheel frame 12, a pulley 13 and a brake block 14; the adjustable handle 10 is arranged on the outer wall of the collecting frame 11, the wheel frame 12 is arranged at the bottom end of the collecting frame 11, pulleys 13 are arranged on four support legs of the wheel frame 12 through bearings respectively, a brake pad 14 is arranged above the pulleys 13, the brake pad 14 is designed to be in an inner circle fit design, and the brake pad 14 is designed to be in an inner circle fit design, so that the pulleys 13 are locked and fixed in a working state conveniently, the position of the collecting frame 11 is prevented from moving, sand falls onto the ground while being collected, polished and dropped, a working environment on the ground is dirtied, and the probability that a worker slips and is injured is increased; the sand is collected by the collection frame 11 and then sent by the operator to the subsequent recovery process by means of the pulley 13.
The execution unit 2 comprises a protection plate 20, a limit plate 21, a linkage shaft rod 22, a first bevel gear 23, a height reciprocating rod 24, a second bevel gear 25, a crank connecting rod 26, a motor clamping seat 27, a rotating motor 28, a transmission unit 29, a power transmission belt 29A, a motor bracket 29B and a motor 29C; the protection plate 20 is symmetrically arranged on the support unit 4, the limit plate 21 is arranged above the protection plate 20, the linkage shaft rod 22 penetrates through the protection plate 20, the first bevel gears 23 are respectively arranged at the output shaft ends of the two sides of the linkage shaft rod 22, the height reciprocating rods 24 symmetrically penetrate through the protection plate 20 and the limit plate 21, the second bevel gear 25 is arranged at the output shaft end of the bottom of the height reciprocating rod 24, the first bevel gear 23 and the second bevel gear 25 are in meshed motion with each other, the crank connecting rods 26 are arranged on the height reciprocating rods 24 in a spiral mode, the two height reciprocating rods 24 are connected through the crank connecting rods 26, the motor clamping seat 27 is arranged on the crank connecting rods 26, the rotary motor 28 is arranged on the motor clamping seat 27 through the motor seat, and the transmission units 29 are symmetrically arranged on the crank connecting rods 26, the output shaft of the rotating motor 28 is connected with the transmission units 29 through a coupling, and the two transmission units 29 are rotationally connected with each other through power transmission belts 29A arranged on the outer rings; the motor bracket 29B is arranged on the outer wall of the supporting unit 4, a motor 29C is arranged on the motor bracket 29B through a motor base, and the output shaft end of the motor 29C is connected with the linkage shaft lever 22 through a coupling; the linkage shaft lever 22 is driven by the motor 29C, the first bevel gear 23 and the second bevel gear 25 move in an engaged mode, the crank connecting rod 26 moves up and down in a reciprocating mode through the screw threads arranged on the height reciprocating rod 24, and then the transmission unit 29 is driven by the rotating motor 28 to clean bonded sand on the surface of the inner wall of the casting.
The transmission unit 29 comprises a follow-up rotating frame 291, an inclined shaft 292, an abrasive disc 293 and a discharge drill bit 294; the following rotating frame 291 is arranged on the execution unit 2, an inclined shaft lever 292 is arranged at the upper end of the following rotating frame 291, the shaft end of the inclined shaft lever 292 is connected with an abrasive disc 293, the abrasive disc 293 is movably arranged in the middle of the following rotating frame 291, the middle of the abrasive disc 293 is designed to be in a round ball rotation mode, the abrasive disc 293 can conveniently jump up and down during rotating and polishing operation, manual shoveling and buckling actions are simulated, the polishing contact range and force are enlarged, and the cleaning quality of sand bonded on the surface of the inner wall of a casting is ensured; the discharge drill bit 294 is installed at the bottom end of the follow-up frame 291, the spiral push piece is arranged on the outer ring of the discharge drill bit 294, and the spiral push piece is arranged on the outer ring of the discharge drill bit 294, so that the discharge drill bit 294 can guide and discharge separated and fallen sand outwards through the spiral push piece while separating casting inner wall molding sand, the sand bonded on the casting inner wall is prevented from being repeatedly contacted during grinding, and the grinding efficiency is improved; the abrasive disc 293 is driven by the inclined shaft 292 to perform up and down jumping sanding, and then is assisted by the discharge drill bit 294 to discharge sand in an outward direction.
The clamp unit 3 comprises a sliding base 30, a bidirectional screw lever 31, a rotating hand wheel 32, a fixed chuck 33, a clamping plate 34, a sliding shaft rod 35, a displacement chuck 36 and a reciprocating unit 37; the sliding base 30 is installed on the supporting unit 4 in a sliding fit manner, the right shaft end of the sliding base 30 is connected with a reciprocating unit 37, the reciprocating unit 37 is installed on the supporting unit 4, a bidirectional screw lever 31 is installed in the middle of the sliding base 30 in a spiral manner, a rotary hand wheel 32 is installed at the left shaft end of the bidirectional screw lever 31 in a movable manner, the fixed chuck plates 33 are evenly installed on the sliding base 30, the clamping plates 34 are symmetrically installed on the bidirectional screw lever 31 in a spiral fit manner, sliding shaft rods 35 are symmetrically installed between the two clamping plates 34 in a sliding fit manner, and the displacement chuck plates 36 are evenly installed on the inner wall of the clamping plates 34; the clamping plates 34 are pushed to move inwards by rotating the hand wheel 32 to swing the bidirectional screw lever 31, sliding is assisted by the sliding shaft rod 35, then the displacement clamping plates 36 are pushed, and multi-station bidirectional clamping is completed by the displacement clamping plates 36 and the fixed clamping plates 33.
The reciprocating unit 37 comprises a rectangular guide rail seat 371, a sliding plate 372, a propelling cylinder 373, a rotary wheel 374, a rotary shaft seat 375, an assistance driving belt 376, an assistance hand wheel 377 and an interconnecting rod 378; the rectangular guide rail seat 371 is arranged on the supporting unit 4, the sliding plate 372 is arranged on the rectangular guide rail seat 371 in a sliding fit mode, an elliptical guide rail is arranged on the sliding plate 372, and the elliptical guide rail is arranged on the sliding plate 372, so that the sliding plate can perform rotary reciprocating movement through the elliptical guide rail when multiple stations move at different positions, and the working efficiency is improved; the sliding plate 372 is uniformly provided with a propelling cylinder 373, the rotary wheel 374 is arranged on the sliding plate 372 in a sliding fit manner, the rotary wheel 374 and the propelling cylinder 373 are meshed with each other to rotate, the rotary shaft seat 375 is arranged on the outer wall of the rectangular guide rail seat 371, a power-assisted hand wheel 377 is movably connected to the outer wall of the shaft end of the rotary shaft seat 375, and the rotary shaft seat 375 and the rotary wheel 374 are mutually and rotatably connected through a power-assisted transmission belt 376 arranged on the outer ring; the two end shaft heads of the interlocking rod 378 are respectively sleeved on the rotating shaft seat 375 and the rotary wheel 374; the power-assisted transmission belt 376 drives the rotary wheel 374 to rotate by manually shaking the rotary wheel 374, the rotary wheel 374 and the propulsion cylinder 373 are meshed with each other to rotate, then the sliding plate 372 is pushed to perform progressive displacement, and the rotary wheel 374 performs elliptic rotary motion on the sliding plate 372, so that the sliding plate 372 moves forwards and backwards.
The supporting unit 4 comprises a strip-shaped cushion block 40, a T-shaped supporting plate 41, a sliding material groove 42 and a guide rail supporting plate 43; the strip-shaped cushion blocks 40 are uniformly arranged on the T-shaped support plates 41, the sliding material grooves 42 are arranged on the strip-shaped cushion blocks 40, the sliding material grooves 42 are designed to be inclined from high to low, sand grains adhered to the inner walls of the castings can be conveniently collected in the polishing process, the sand grains are conveyed to a specified collection device through the sliding material grooves 42 to be subjected to subsequent recovery processing, and the production cost is saved; be located smooth groove 42 left side is provided with guide rail supporting plate 43, guide rail supporting plate 43 and smooth groove 42 be connected, the middle part of guide rail supporting plate 43 is provided with linear guide, will the middle part of guide rail supporting plate 43 is provided with linear guide, and the multistation of being convenient for can be smooth and easy when carrying out the position removal remove, and the vibrations about the during operation of polishing of also having avoided the foundry goods inner wall are rocked, have stabilized operating condition.
In addition, the invention also provides a quick shakeout treatment process for the surface of the casting cavity, which is completed by matching the quick shakeout treatment equipment for the surface of the casting cavity, and comprises the following steps:
firstly, a hand wheel 32 is rotated to swing a bidirectional screw lever 31 to push a clamping plate 34 to move inwards, sliding is assisted by a sliding shaft rod 35, then a displacement clamping disc 36 is pushed, and multi-station bidirectional clamping on a cylindrical hollow casting is completed through the displacement clamping disc 36 and a fixed clamping disc 33;
step two, the linkage shaft lever 22 is driven by the motor 29C, the first bevel gear 23 and the second bevel gear 25 move in a meshed mode, the crank connecting rod 26 moves up and down in a reciprocating mode through a screw thread arranged on the height reciprocating rod 24, the transmission unit 29 is driven by the rotating motor 28 to clean bonded sand on the surface of the inner wall of a casting, the power-assisted transmission belt 376 is driven by manually shaking the rotary wheel 374 to drive the rotary wheel 374 to rotate, the rotary wheel 374 and the pushing cylinder 373 rotate in a meshed mode through the rotary wheel 374, the sliding plate 372 is pushed to perform progressive displacement, the rotary wheel 374 performs elliptic rotary motion on the sliding plate 372, and advancing and retreating of the sliding plate 372 are achieved;
and step three, finally, collecting sand grains through a collecting frame 11, and then sending the sand grains to subsequent recovery processing through a pulley 13 by a worker.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a quick shakeout treatment facility in cast member die cavity surface, includes collection unit (1), execution unit (2), anchor clamps unit (3) and support element (4), its characterized in that: an execution unit (2) is arranged above the supporting unit (4), a clamp unit (3) is arranged in the middle of the execution unit (2), the clamp unit (3) is arranged on the supporting unit (4), the collecting unit (1) is arranged below the supporting unit (4), and the clamp unit (3) is arranged above the collecting unit (1); wherein:
the executing unit (2) comprises a protection plate (20), a limiting plate (21), a linkage shaft lever (22), a first bevel gear (23), a height reciprocating rod (24), a second bevel gear (25), a crank connecting rod (26), a motor clamping seat (27), a rotating motor (28), a transmission unit (29), a power transmission belt (29A), a motor bracket (29B) and a motor (29C); the protection plate (20) is symmetrically arranged on the support unit (4), the limiting plate (21) is arranged above the protection plate (20), the linkage shaft lever (22) penetrates through the protection plate (20), the first bevel gears (23) are respectively arranged at the output shaft ends of the two sides of the linkage shaft lever (22), the height reciprocating levers (24) symmetrically penetrate through the protection plate (20) and the limiting plate (21), the second bevel gears (25) are arranged at the output shaft ends of the bottoms of the height reciprocating levers (24), the first bevel gears (23) and the second bevel gears (25) are meshed with each other to move, the height reciprocating levers (24) are provided with connecting rods (26) in a spiral mode, the two height reciprocating levers (24) are connected through the connecting rods (26), and the motor clamping seat (27) is arranged on the connecting rods (26), a rotating motor (28) is arranged on the motor clamping seat (27) through a motor base, the transmission units (29) are symmetrically arranged on the crank connecting rod (26), an output shaft of the rotating motor (28) is connected with the transmission units (29) through a coupling, and the two transmission units (29) are mutually connected in a rotating way through power transmission belts (29A) arranged on the outer rings; the motor bracket (29B) is arranged on the outer wall of the supporting unit (4), an electric motor (29C) is arranged on the motor bracket (29B) through a motor base, and the output shaft end of the electric motor (29C) is connected with the linkage shaft lever (22) through a coupling;
the transmission unit (29) comprises a follow-up rotating frame (291), an inclined shaft (292), an abrasive disc (293) and a discharge drill bit (294); the following rotating frame (291) is arranged on the execution unit (2), an inclined shaft rod (292) is arranged at the upper end of the following rotating frame (291), the shaft end of the inclined shaft rod (292) is connected with an abrasive disc (293), the abrasive disc (293) is movably arranged in the middle of the following rotating frame (291), and a discharge drill bit (294) is arranged at the bottom end of the following rotating frame (291);
the clamp unit (3) comprises a sliding base (30), a bidirectional screw lever (31), a rotating hand wheel (32), a fixed chuck (33), a clamping plate (34), a sliding shaft lever (35), a displacement chuck (36) and a reciprocating unit (37); the sliding base (30) is arranged on the supporting unit (4) in a sliding fit way, the right shaft end of the sliding base (30) is connected with a reciprocating unit (37), the reciprocating unit (37) is arranged on the supporting unit (4), a bidirectional screw lever (31) is arranged in the middle of the sliding base (30) in a spiral mode, a rotary hand wheel (32) is movably arranged at the left shaft end of the bidirectional screw lever (31), the fixed clamping disc (33) is uniformly arranged on the sliding base (30), the clamping plates (34) are symmetrically arranged on the two-way screw lever (31) in a screw fit mode, the sliding shaft rods (35) are symmetrically arranged between the two clamping plates (34) in a sliding fit mode, the displacement chuck (36) is uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the clamping plate (34);
the reciprocating unit (37) comprises a rectangular guide rail seat (371), a sliding plate (372), a propelling cylinder (373), a rotary wheel (374), a rotary shaft seat (375), an assistance transmission belt (376), an assistance hand wheel (377) and an interconnection rod (378); the device comprises a supporting unit (4), a rectangular guide rail seat (371), a sliding plate (372) arranged on the rectangular guide rail seat (371) in a sliding fit mode, a propelling cylinder (373) uniformly arranged on the sliding plate (372), a rotating wheel (374) arranged on the sliding plate (372) in a sliding fit mode, the rotating wheel (374) and the propelling cylinder (373) are meshed with each other to rotate, a rotating shaft seat (375) is arranged on the outer wall of the rectangular guide rail seat (371), a hand wheel assisting force (377) is movably connected to the outer wall of the shaft end of the rotating shaft seat (375), and the rotating shaft seat (375) and the rotating wheel (374) are connected with each other in a rotating mode through an assisting driving belt (376) arranged on the outer ring; the two end shaft heads of the interconnecting rod (378) are respectively sleeved on the rotating shaft seat (375) and the rotary wheel (374).
2. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the supporting unit (4) comprises a strip-shaped cushion block (40), a T-shaped supporting plate (41), a sliding material groove (42) and a guide rail supporting plate (43); the bar-shaped cushion blocks (40) are uniformly arranged on the T-shaped support plates (41), the sliding chute (42) is arranged on the bar-shaped cushion blocks (40), a guide rail support plate (43) is arranged on the left side of the sliding chute (42), and the guide rail support plate (43) is connected with the sliding chute (42).
3. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the collecting unit (1) comprises an adjusting handle (10), a material collecting frame (11), a wheel frame (12), a pulley (13) and a brake pad (14); the adjustable handle (10) is arranged on the outer wall of the collecting frame (11), a wheel frame (12) is arranged at the bottom end of the collecting frame (11), pulleys (13) are arranged on four support legs of the wheel frame (12) through bearings respectively, and a brake pad (14) is arranged above the pulleys (13).
4. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the middle part of the abrasive disc (293) is designed to rotate round balls.
5. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the outer ring of the discharge drill bit (294) is provided with a spiral push sheet.
6. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: an elliptic guide rail is arranged on the sliding plate (372).
7. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the chute (42) is designed to be inclined from high to low.
8. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the middle part of the guide rail supporting plate (43) is provided with a linear guide rail.
9. The casting cavity surface rapid shakeout treatment apparatus of claim 3, wherein: the brake pad (14) is designed by inner circle fitting.
CN202010128259.XA 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Rapid shakeout treatment equipment and shakeout treatment process for surface of casting part cavity Active CN111203786B (en)

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CN111570769B (en) * 2020-05-30 2021-12-10 新沂市棋盘工业集中区建设发展有限公司 Sand removal treatment process for automobile flywheel casting
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CN110293217A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-01 本田金属技术(佛山)有限公司 A kind of molding sand cleaning plant of casting
CN209717418U (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-12-03 山东道先为智能科技有限公司 Inner wall of steel cylinder sand removal rapping apparatus

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EP0394040A2 (en) * 1989-04-20 1990-10-24 Kabushiki Kaisha Koyama A finishing machine for casted products
CN108015263A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-11 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Easy to old sand and the shakeout of iron filings recycling and knockout
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CN108856684A (en) * 2018-08-05 2018-11-23 重庆檀科科技有限公司 A kind of inner cavity mold cleaning system
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