CN111203559A - Mechanical automation drilling equipment - Google Patents

Mechanical automation drilling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111203559A
CN111203559A CN202010135165.5A CN202010135165A CN111203559A CN 111203559 A CN111203559 A CN 111203559A CN 202010135165 A CN202010135165 A CN 202010135165A CN 111203559 A CN111203559 A CN 111203559A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drilling
rod
workbench
seat
hydraulic cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010135165.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗云芳
闵金花
黄振原
陈泳求
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Vocational and Technical College
Original Assignee
Guangxi Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Guangxi Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN202010135165.5A priority Critical patent/CN111203559A/en
Publication of CN111203559A publication Critical patent/CN111203559A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/005Devices for removing chips by blowing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission

Abstract

The invention relates to a mechanical automatic drilling device, which comprises a workbench, wherein the top of the workbench is provided with a slide rail, the slide rail is connected with a fixed frame in a sliding way, a small hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the fixed frame, the top of the small hydraulic cylinder is connected with a lifting plate, the bottom of the lifting plate is connected with a presser foot through a connecting rod, the presser foot is arranged at the inner side of the fixing frame, a top seat is arranged above the workbench, a supporting rod is connected between the top seat and the workbench, a drilling hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the top seat, the bottom of the drilling hydraulic cylinder is connected with a lifting seat, the bottom of the lifting seat is connected with a buffer rod, the bottom of the buffer rod is connected with a mounting rack, a drilling motor is arranged on the mounting rack, a rotating rod is arranged at the output end of the drilling motor, the drill bit is installed to the bull stick bottom, and this automatic drilling equipment of machinery has improved the precision of drilling, is favorable to the quality of product.

Description

Mechanical automation drilling equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to a mechanical automatic drilling device, and belongs to the technical field of mechanical automation.
Background
Along with the development of the times, people are more and more important for efficient work, in daily work, drilling is needed in many aspects, various drilling machines appear, the drilling machines on the market cannot effectively clamp workpieces when working, so that the workpieces are deviated when drilling is caused, the position of the drilled holes is deviated, and economic loss of enterprises is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to overcome the existing defects and provide a mechanical automatic drilling device to solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a mechanical automation drilling equipment, includes the workstation, the workstation top is equipped with the slide rail, slide rail sliding connection has the mount, be equipped with small-size pneumatic cylinder on the mount, small-size pneumatic cylinder top is connected with the lifter plate, the lifter plate bottom is connected with the presser foot through the connecting rod, just the mount inboard is located to the presser foot, the workstation top is equipped with the footstock, be connected with the bracing piece between footstock and the workstation, install drilling pneumatic cylinder on the footstock, drilling pneumatic cylinder bottom is connected with the lift seat, lift seat bottom is connected with the buffer beam, the buffer beam bottom is connected with the mounting bracket, be equipped with the drilling motor on the mounting bracket, the bull stick is installed to drilling motor output, the drill bit is installed to the bull stick.
Furthermore, a positioning bolt is arranged on the fixing frame, and the bottom end of the positioning bolt penetrates through the fixing frame and is movably connected with the workbench.
Furthermore, a positioning groove is arranged between the slide rails, a through groove is arranged at the bottom of the positioning groove, and the through groove is arranged below the drill bit.
Further, a rubber pad is arranged at the bottom of the presser foot and is adhered to the presser foot.
Further, the outside cover of bracing piece is equipped with the uide bushing, just the uide bushing connects the mounting bracket.
Further, the buffer rod comprises an outer rod body, a moving block, a buffer spring and a movable rod, the buffer spring is arranged in the inner cavity of the outer rod body, the buffer spring is connected with the moving block, the moving block is fixedly connected with the movable rod, and one end of the movable rod penetrates through the outer rod body.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. by arranging the fixing frame, the small hydraulic cylinder, the lifting plate, the presser foot and other structures, the plate-type workpiece is pressed and fixed by machinery, the fixing effect of the plate-type workpiece is improved, the position deviation of drilling caused by workpiece deviation during drilling is avoided, and the quality of products is facilitated;
2. the guide sleeve is arranged and used for guiding the mounting frame, the drilling motor and the drill bit, so that the mounting frame, the drilling motor and the drill bit can be accurately displaced, and the deviation is avoided during drilling, so that the drilling quality is improved;
3. through setting up structures such as lift seat, buffer beam, mounting bracket, can carry out the buffering of power through the buffer beam when the drill bit receives the impact force, avoid drill bit and drilling motor impaired, prolonged drilling equipment's life.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without limiting the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a mechanical automated drilling apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the position of the fixing frame of the mechanical automatic drilling device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a table of a mechanical automated drilling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a buffer rod of the mechanical automated drilling device according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a table of a mechanical automated drilling apparatus of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. a work table; 2. a slide rail; 3. a fixed mount; 4. a small hydraulic cylinder; 5. a lifting plate; 6. a presser foot; 7. a top seat; 8. a support bar; 9. drilling a hydraulic cylinder; 10. a lifting seat; 11. a buffer rod; 12. a mounting frame; 13. a drilling motor; 14. a rotating rod; 15. a drill bit; 16. positioning the bolt; 17. positioning a groove; 18. a through groove; 19. a rubber pad; 20. a guide sleeve; 21. an outer rod body; 22. a moving block; 23. a buffer spring; 24. a movable rod.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-5, a mechanical automatic drilling device comprises a workbench 1, a slide rail 2 is arranged on the top of the workbench 1, the slide rail 2 is symmetrically arranged on the top of the workbench 1, the slide rail 2 is slidably connected with a fixed frame 3, the position of the fixed frame 3 is adjusted, a small hydraulic cylinder 4 is arranged on the fixed frame 3, a driving presser foot 6 presses a workpiece, a lifting plate 5 is connected on the top of the small hydraulic cylinder 4, the bottom of the lifting plate 5 is connected with the presser foot 6 through a connecting rod, the presser foot 6 is arranged on the inner side of the fixed frame 3, a top seat 7 is arranged above the workbench 1, a support rod 8 is connected between the top seat 7 and the workbench 1, a drilling hydraulic cylinder 9 is arranged on the top seat 7 to control drilling of a drill bit 15, a lifting seat 10 is connected on the bottom of the drilling hydraulic cylinder 9, a buffer rod 11 is connected on the bottom, 11 bottoms of buffer beam are connected with mounting bracket 12, be equipped with drilling motor 13 on mounting bracket 12, bull stick 14 is installed to drilling motor 13 output, drill bit 15 is installed to bull stick 14 bottom.
More specifically, the fixed frame 3 is provided with a positioning bolt 16, the bottom end of the positioning bolt 16 penetrates through the fixed frame 3 and is movably connected with the workbench 1 for positioning the position of the fixed frame 3, a positioning groove 17 is arranged between the slide rails 2, the bottom of the positioning groove 17 is provided with a through groove 18, the through groove 18 is arranged below the drill bit 15 and is matched with the drill bit 15 for drilling, the bottom of the presser foot 6 is provided with a rubber pad 19, the rubber pad 19 is adhered to the presser foot 6 to avoid damaging the workpiece, the outer side of the support rod 8 is sleeved with a guide sleeve 20, the guide sleeve 20 is connected with the mounting frame 12 to guide the displacement of the drill bit 15 and ensure the accuracy of the drilling position, the buffer rod 11 comprises an outer rod body 21, a moving block 22, a buffer spring 23 and a moving rod 24, the buffer spring 23 is arranged in the inner cavity of, the moving block 22 is fixedly connected with a moving rod 24, and one end of the moving rod 24 penetrates through the outer rod body 21 to buffer impact force.
Example 2
The nozzle is installed to mounting bracket 12 bottom, and the nozzle spray angle is corresponding with drill bit 15 positions, and this nozzle passes through the pipe connection fan, and the position of work piece drilling is bloied to nozzle blowout air current under the effect of fan, blows off the piece when will drilling, avoids influencing the effect of drilling.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: during the use, arrange the board type work piece in constant head tank 17 on workstation 1, remove mount 3 and suitable position, start small-size pneumatic cylinder 4, and then lifter plate 5 drives presser foot 6 and moves down, thereby compress tightly fixedly to the board type work piece, start drilling motor 13, and then bull stick 14 drives drill bit 15 and rotates, start drilling pneumatic cylinder 9, and then lift seat 10 drives mounting bracket 12 and moves down, this moment, uide bushing 20 slides on bracing piece 8, accuracy when guaranteeing drill bit 15 to remove drilling, drill bit 15 lasts to move down and can carry out drilling work to the board type work piece.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make variations and modifications to the above embodiments, therefore, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and any obvious improvements, substitutions or modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the present invention are within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A mechanical automatic drilling device comprises a workbench (1) and is characterized in that a sliding rail (2) is arranged at the top of the workbench (1), the sliding rail (2) is connected with a fixing frame (3) in a sliding manner, a small hydraulic cylinder (4) is arranged on the fixing frame (3), a lifting plate (5) is connected to the top of the small hydraulic cylinder (4), the bottom of the lifting plate (5) is connected with a pressure foot (6) through a connecting rod, the pressure foot (6) is arranged on the inner side of the fixing frame (3), a top seat (7) is arranged above the workbench (1), a supporting rod (8) is connected between the top seat (7) and the workbench (1), a drilling hydraulic cylinder (9) is arranged on the top seat (7), the bottom of the drilling hydraulic cylinder (9) is connected with a lifting seat (10), and a buffer rod (11) is connected to the bottom of, buffer beam (11) bottom is connected with mounting bracket (12), be equipped with drilling motor (13) on mounting bracket (12), bull stick (14) are installed to drilling motor (13) output, drill bit (15) are installed to bull stick (14) bottom.
2. The mechanical automated drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the fixing frame (3) is provided with a positioning bolt (16), and the bottom end of the positioning bolt (16) penetrates through the fixing frame (3) and is movably connected with the workbench (1).
3. The mechanical automated drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: be equipped with constant head tank (17) between slide rail (2), constant head tank (17) bottom is equipped with logical groove (18), just it locates drill bit (15) below to lead to groove (18).
4. The mechanical automated drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the presser foot (6) is provided with a rubber pad (19), and the rubber pad (19) is adhered to the presser foot (6).
5. The mechanical automated drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the outer side of the support rod (8) is sleeved with a guide sleeve (20), and the guide sleeve (20) is connected with the mounting frame (12).
6. The mechanical automated drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: buffer beam (11) are including outer body of rod (21), movable block (22), buffer spring (23), movable rod (24), outer body of rod (21) inner chamber is located in buffer spring (23), movable block (22) is connected in buffer spring (23), movable block (22) fixed connection movable rod (24), just outer body of rod (21) is run through to movable rod (24) one end.
CN202010135165.5A 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Mechanical automation drilling equipment Pending CN111203559A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010135165.5A CN111203559A (en) 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Mechanical automation drilling equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010135165.5A CN111203559A (en) 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Mechanical automation drilling equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111203559A true CN111203559A (en) 2020-05-29

Family

ID=70785176

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010135165.5A Pending CN111203559A (en) 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Mechanical automation drilling equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111203559A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4031284A1 (en) * 1990-10-04 1992-04-09 Kopp Kadia Maschinenbau Honing, internal grinding or drilling - involves tool on end of spindle supported on machine frame
CN104690578A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-06-10 桂林电子科技大学 Hydraulic clamp used for end face hole of horizontal type center drill bent axle
CN107983998A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-04 新昌县长城空调部件有限公司 A kind of appendix drilling jig
CN207343822U (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-05-11 新昌县鼎石科技咨询服务有限公司 A kind of plate drilling equipment
CN208528125U (en) * 2018-06-20 2019-02-22 黑龙江怀特新型材料有限公司 A kind of machining drilling equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4031284A1 (en) * 1990-10-04 1992-04-09 Kopp Kadia Maschinenbau Honing, internal grinding or drilling - involves tool on end of spindle supported on machine frame
CN104690578A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-06-10 桂林电子科技大学 Hydraulic clamp used for end face hole of horizontal type center drill bent axle
CN207343822U (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-05-11 新昌县鼎石科技咨询服务有限公司 A kind of plate drilling equipment
CN107983998A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-04 新昌县长城空调部件有限公司 A kind of appendix drilling jig
CN208528125U (en) * 2018-06-20 2019-02-22 黑龙江怀特新型材料有限公司 A kind of machining drilling equipment

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