CN111185768A - Processing equipment for shifting fork groove of gear sleeve of automobile synchronizer - Google Patents

Processing equipment for shifting fork groove of gear sleeve of automobile synchronizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111185768A
CN111185768A CN202010163711.6A CN202010163711A CN111185768A CN 111185768 A CN111185768 A CN 111185768A CN 202010163711 A CN202010163711 A CN 202010163711A CN 111185768 A CN111185768 A CN 111185768A
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China
Prior art keywords
feed
linear motion
rotating
rotary
gear sleeve
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CN202010163711.6A
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CN111185768B (en
Inventor
孙义彬
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Jiangsu Huaxing special steel casting Co.,Ltd.
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孙义彬
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Priority to CN202010163711.6A priority Critical patent/CN111185768B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to machining equipment for a shifting fork groove of a gear sleeve of an automobile synchronizer, which comprises a rack, a linear motion mechanism, an electric rotating table, a clamping mechanism, a rotating workbench, a first feed mechanism, a second feed mechanism, a flat cutting mechanism and a controller, wherein the rack is arranged on the rack; the linear motion mechanism and the electric rotating table are fixedly arranged on the rack, the motion direction of the linear motion mechanism is arranged along the radial direction of the electric rotating table, the clamping mechanism is rotatably arranged on the electric rotating table, the axes of the clamping mechanism are collinear, the rotating mechanism is fixedly arranged on the working end of the linear motion mechanism, the rotating table is fixedly arranged on the rotating mechanism, the first feed mechanism, the second feed mechanism and the cutting mechanism are arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotating table in a one-hundred-twenty degree manner, and the first feed mechanism and the second feed mechanism have the same structure; the scheme reduces the equipment cost, greatly improves the processing efficiency and reduces the cutter loss.

Description

Processing equipment for shifting fork groove of gear sleeve of automobile synchronizer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to machining equipment for a shifting fork groove of a gear sleeve of an automobile synchronizer.
Background
At present, the common turning method is adopted domestically to process the shifting fork groove after the heat treatment of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer. The shifting fork groove is machined by using a common turning mode, the cutter only acts at the tool point, and turning feed lines exist in the cutting mode according to the requirement on the roughness of the shifting fork groove, so that the roughness is not ideal, the machining time is long, the efficiency is low, and the cutter cost is very high.
China has become the country with the most brands of automobiles, and almost all automobiles with well-known brands fall in china all over the world. As for the processing of the synchronizer gear sleeve, the domestic existing processing technology level obviously cannot meet the market demand, and foreign technologies are introduced, so that the efficiency is improved only by increasing processing equipment, only one equipment needs to cost millions of yuan RMB, large-area introduction cannot be realized, and moreover, the existing foreign technologies have unsatisfactory parts: i.e. the problem of very high tool costs is still not solved.
Chinese patent CN201811172776.6 discloses a method for machining a heated shift fork groove of an automobile synchronizer gear sleeve by turning, which comprises the following steps: a) clamping; b) machining the first inner side wall in a turning mode; c) machining the second inner side wall in a turning mode; d) machining the inner bottom wall in a turning mode; e) and after the operation of the workpiece is stopped, taking the workpiece off the numerically controlled lathe. But this scheme adopts digit control machine tool to process, and the cost is great.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide the processing equipment for the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, and the technical scheme solves the problems, reduces the equipment cost, greatly improves the processing efficiency and reduces the cutter loss.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
an automobile synchronizer gear sleeve shifting fork groove processing device is characterized by comprising a rack, a first linear motion mechanism, an electric rotating table, a clamping mechanism, a rotating workbench, a first feed mechanism, a second feed mechanism, a flat cutting mechanism and a controller;
the first linear motion mechanism and the electric rotating platform are fixedly arranged on the rack, the motion direction of the first linear motion mechanism is arranged along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform, the clamping mechanism is rotatably arranged on the electric rotating platform, the axes of the clamping mechanism are collinear, the rotating mechanism is fixedly arranged on the working end of the linear motion mechanism, the rotary workbench is fixedly arranged on the rotating mechanism, the first feed mechanism, the second feed mechanism and the cutting mechanism are arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench in a one-hundred-twenty degree manner, the first feed mechanism and the second feed mechanism are identical in structure, and the linear motion mechanism, the electric rotating platform, the clamping mechanism, the rotating mechanism, the first feed mechanism and the second feed mechanism are electrically connected with the controller.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the gear sleeve shifting fork groove of the automobile synchronizer, the clamping mechanism comprises a three-jaw chuck and a gear sleeve clamping jaw; the three-jaw chuck is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the electric rotating platform and is coaxially arranged with the electric rotating platform, the gear sleeve clamping jaw can be fixedly arranged on the movable part of the three-jaw chuck along the radial motion of the three-jaw chuck, and the three-jaw chuck is electrically connected with the controller.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the outer wall of the clamping jaw of the gear sleeve is provided with a tooth surface; the lower tooth surface is meshed with the inner tooth surface of the gear sleeve in a working state.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the wheel rotating mechanism comprises a fixed frame and an index plate; the fixed frame is fixedly arranged at the movable end of the linear motion mechanism, the dividing disc is fixedly arranged on the fixed frame, the upper end face of the dividing disc is fixedly connected with the rotary workbench and coaxially arranged, and the dividing disc is electrically connected with the controller.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, a vertical tangent plane is arranged on the rotary worktable; the three vertical tangent planes are arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary worktable at one hundred twenty degrees, are in sliding connection with the movable parts of the first feed mechanism and the second feed mechanism, and are fixedly connected with the flat cutting mechanism.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the first feed mechanism comprises a sliding groove, a sliding block, a linear driving assembly, a positioning assembly and a turning tool; the spout is seted up on swivel work head perisporium, still with sharp drive assembly threaded connection when slider and spout sliding connection, sharp drive assembly fixed mounting is on swivel work head up end, sharp drive assembly axis runs through swivel work head and through the spout, location subassembly one end fixed mounting is on swivel work head perisporium, location subassembly one end fixed mounting is on the slider, lathe tool fixed mounting is on the slider and the axis is located swivel work head radial position, lathe tool rhombus edge of a knife up end level sets up, sharp drive assembly, location subassembly is connected with the controller electricity.
As an optimal scheme of the processing equipment for the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the sliding groove and the sliding block are of dovetail structures.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the linear driving assembly comprises a linear driver, a screw rod and a bearing; the linear driver is fixedly installed on the upper end face of the rotary workbench, an output shaft of the linear driver vertically extends into the chute, one end of the screw is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the linear driver, the other end of the screw is fixedly connected with the inner ring of the bearing, the outer ring of the bearing is fixedly connected with the bottom of the chute, the screw is in threaded connection with the sliding block, and the linear driver is electrically connected with the controller.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the tooth sleeve shifting fork groove of the automobile synchronizer, the positioning assembly comprises a bolt fixing frame, an infrared photoelectric sensor and a reflecting bolt; the bolt fixing frame is fixedly installed on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench and located on one side of the sliding groove, the infrared photoelectric sensor is fixedly installed on the surface, facing the bolt fixing frame, of the sliding block, the reflection bolt is fixedly installed on the surface, facing the sliding block, of the bolt fixing frame, and the infrared photoelectric sensor is electrically connected with the controller.
As a preferred scheme of the processing equipment of the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer, the flat cutting mechanism comprises a fixed tool rest and a flat cutter; the fixed knife rest is fixedly arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench, and the flat knife is detachably arranged on the fixed knife rest.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the linear motion mechanism is a ball screw sliding table provided with a position feedback sensor; and the first feed mechanism and the second feed mechanism are provided with components for accurate positioning. A worker sleeves a gear sleeve which is not processed with a shifting fork groove on a clamping mechanism, and the clamping mechanism and the gear sleeve are mutually clamped to enable the gear sleeve not to deflect in the circumferential direction. Then the staff sends the signal to electronic revolving stage through the controller, and electronic revolving stage drives the tooth cover on the clamping mechanism and does coaxial rotation together after receiving the signal. Then the staff sends the signal to the linear motion mechanism, and the linear motion mechanism receives the signal and then drives the wheel rotating mechanism and the rotary worktable to approach the gear sleeve along the radial direction of the electric rotary table. In an initial state, the first feed mechanism is located on the electric rotating table and is close to and cuts the gear sleeve along with the rotating workbench in the radial direction. When the tool point of the tool of the first feeding mechanism moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom and the upper inner wall of the shifting fork groove is equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism and the first feeding mechanism, the linear motion mechanism and the first feeding mechanism move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism controls the rotary mechanism, the rotary worktable and the first feeding mechanism to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotary table, and the first feeding mechanism drives the tool to move vertically and upwards. The upper end surface of the tool tip of the first feeding mechanism tool is always parallel to the end surface of the gear sleeve in the motion process. And when the tool nose of the first feed mechanism moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the first step of turning operation is completed. Then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism and the first feed mechanism, the linear motion mechanism receives the signal and then drives the rotary mechanism and the rotary worktable to drive the first feed mechanism to retract along the radial direction of the electric rotary table, the first feed mechanism receives the signal and then drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction, and accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the first feed mechanism. And then the controller sends a signal to the rotary mechanism, and the rotary mechanism receives the signal and then drives the rotary worktable to rotate by one hundred and twenty degrees so that the second feed mechanism rotates to the radial position of the electric rotary table. And then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism to drive the rotary working table and the second feed mechanism to together approach and cut the gear sleeve along the radial direction of the electric rotary table. When the tool point of the tool of the second feeding mechanism moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom and the upper inner wall of the shifting fork groove is equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism and the second feeding mechanism, the linear motion mechanism and the second feeding mechanism move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism controls the rotary mechanism, the rotary worktable and the second feeding mechanism to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotary table, and the first feeding mechanism drives the tool to vertically move downwards. The lower end face of the cutter of the second feed mechanism is always parallel to the end face of the gear sleeve in the movement process. And when the tool nose of the second feed mechanism moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the turning operation of the second step is completed. And then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism and the second feed mechanism, the linear motion mechanism receives the signal and then drives the rotary mechanism and the rotary worktable to drive the second feed mechanism to retract along the radial direction of the electric rotary table, the second feed mechanism receives the signal and then drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction, and the accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the second feed mechanism. And then the controller sends a signal to the rotary mechanism, and the rotary mechanism drives the rotary worktable to rotate by one hundred twenty degrees again after receiving the signal so that the flat cutting mechanism moves to the radial position of the electric rotary table. And then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism, and the linear motion mechanism drives the rotary wheel mechanism, the rotary worktable and the flat cutting mechanism to radially approach the tooth sleeve along the electric rotary table and cut the tooth sleeve until the tool nose of the flat cutting mechanism moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, so that the whole processing of the shifting fork groove is completed. Then the controller drives each component to reset and enables the electric rotating platform to stop rotating, and the working personnel take down the gear sleeve which is finished to be processed to continue subsequent operation.
1. The equipment cost is reduced;
2. the processing efficiency is greatly improved;
3. the cutter loss is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a partial enlarged view of FIG. 5 at B;
FIG. 7 is a partial perspective view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a partial exploded perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a gear sleeve of the present invention prior to machining;
fig. 10 is a perspective view of the gear sleeve after processing.
The reference numbers in the figures are:
1. a frame;
2. a linear motion mechanism;
3. an electric rotating table;
4. a clamping mechanism; 4a, a three-jaw chuck; 4b, a gear sleeve clamping jaw; 4b1, tooth flanks;
5. a rotation mechanism; 5a, a fixing frame; 5b, an index plate;
6. rotating the working table; 6a, vertical section;
7. a first feed mechanism; 7a, a chute; 7b, a sliding block; 7c, a linear driving component; 7c1, linear drive; 7c2, screw; 7c3, bearings; 7d, a positioning component; 7d1, bolt fixing bracket; 7d2, infrared photoelectric sensor; 7d3, reflective bolt; 7e, turning tools;
8. a second feed mechanism;
9. a flat cutting mechanism; 9a, fixing a tool rest; 9b, a flat knife.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, an automobile synchronizer gear sleeve shifting fork groove processing device comprises a frame 1, a linear motion mechanism 2, an electric rotating table 3, a clamping mechanism 4, a rotating mechanism 5, a rotating workbench 6, a first feed mechanism 7, a second feed mechanism 8, a flat cutting mechanism 9 and a controller;
the linear motion mechanism 2 and the electric rotating platform 3 are fixedly arranged on the frame 1, the motion direction of the linear motion mechanism 2 is arranged along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform 3, the clamping mechanism 4 is rotatably arranged on the electric rotating platform 3, the axes of the clamping mechanism and the clamping mechanism are collinear, the rotating mechanism 5 is fixedly arranged on the working end of the linear motion mechanism 2, the rotating workbench 6 is fixedly arranged on the rotating mechanism 5, the first feed mechanism 7, the second feed mechanism 8 and the cutting mechanism 9 are mutually arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotating workbench 6 in a one hundred twenty degrees manner, the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8 are identical in structure, and the linear motion mechanism 2, the electric rotating platform 3, the clamping mechanism 4, the rotating mechanism 5, the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8 are electrically connected with the controller.
The linear motion mechanism 2 is a ball screw sliding table provided with a position feedback sensor; the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8 are provided with components for precise positioning. A worker sleeves the gear sleeve which is not processed with the shifting fork groove on the clamping mechanism 4, and the clamping mechanism 4 and the gear sleeve are mutually clamped to enable the gear sleeve not to deflect in the circumferential direction. Then the staff sends the signal to electronic revolving stage 3 through the controller, and electronic revolving stage 3 receives the signal and drives the tooth cover on clamping mechanism 4 and do coaxial rotation together. Then the staff sends the signal to linear motion mechanism 2, and linear motion mechanism 2 takes wheel mechanism 5, swivel work head 6 to follow electric turntable 3 radial direction and be close to the tooth cover after receiving the signal. In the initial state, the first feed mechanism 7 is positioned on the electric rotary table 3 in the radial direction and cuts the gear sleeve along with the approach of the rotary table 6. When the tool point of the tool of the first feeding mechanism 7 moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom of the shifting fork groove and the distance between the tool point and the inner wall of the upper side of the shifting fork groove are equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feeding mechanism 7, the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feeding mechanism 7 move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism 2 controls the rotating mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the first feeding mechanism 7 to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform 3, and the first feeding mechanism 7 drives the tool to move vertically and upwards. The upper end surface of the tool tip of the tool of the first feeding mechanism 7 is always parallel to the end surface of the gear sleeve in the motion process. When the tool nose of the first tool feeding mechanism 7 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the first step of turning operation is completed. Then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feed mechanism 7, the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary mechanism 5 and the rotary worktable 6 to drive the first feed mechanism 7 to radially retract along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal, the first feed mechanism 7 drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction after receiving the signal, and accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the first feed mechanism 7. The controller then sends a signal to the rotary mechanism 5, and the rotary mechanism 5 receives the signal and drives the rotary table 6 to rotate by one hundred twenty degrees so that the second feed mechanism 8 rotates to the radial position of the electric rotary table 3. The controller then sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 to drive the rotary table 6 and the second feed mechanism 8 to close and cut the gear sleeve along the radial direction of the electric rotary table 3. When the tool point of the tool of the second feeding mechanism 8 moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom of the shifting fork groove and the distance between the tool point and the inner wall of the upper side of the shifting fork groove are equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feeding mechanism 8, the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feeding mechanism 8 move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism 2 controls the rotating mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the second feeding mechanism 8 to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform 3, and the first feeding mechanism 7 drives the tool to move vertically and downwards. The lower end face of the cutter of the second feed mechanism 8 is always parallel to the end face of the gear sleeve in the moving process. And when the tool nose of the second tool feeding mechanism 8 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the second step of turning operation is completed. Then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feed mechanism 8, the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary mechanism 5 and the rotary worktable 6 to drive the second feed mechanism 8 to radially retract along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal, the second feed mechanism 8 drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction after receiving the signal, and the accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the second feed mechanism 8. The controller then sends a signal to the rotating mechanism 5, and the rotating mechanism 5 receives the signal and drives the rotating table 6 to rotate by one hundred twenty degrees again so as to move the flattening mechanism 9 to the radial position of the electric rotating table 3. And then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2, and the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary wheel mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the flat cutting mechanism 9 to radially approach the gear sleeve and cut the gear sleeve along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal until the tool tip of the flat cutting mechanism 9 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, so that the whole processing of the shifting fork groove is completed. Then the controller drives each component to reset and enables the electric rotating platform 3 to stop rotating, and the working personnel take down the gear sleeve which is finished to be processed to continue subsequent operation.
The clamping mechanism 4 comprises a three-jaw chuck 4a and a gear sleeve clamping jaw 4 b; the three-jaw chuck 4a is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the electric rotating platform 3 and is coaxially arranged with the electric rotating platform 3, the gear sleeve clamping jaw 4b can be fixedly arranged on the movable part of the three-jaw chuck 4a along the radial movement of the three-jaw chuck 4a, and the three-jaw chuck 4a is electrically connected with the controller.
The controller drives the gear sleeve clamping jaws 4b to mutually gather or separate along the radial direction of the three-jaw chuck 4a by controlling the mutual approaching or departing of three movable parts of the three-jaw chuck 4a which form one hundred twenty degrees. When the staff cup joints the tooth cover on tooth cover clamping jaw 4b, tooth cover bottom is held in tooth cover clamping jaw 4b, and tooth cover clamping jaw 4b perisporium and the meshing of tooth cover inner wall make its unable circumference of taking place deflect. Then the operator controls the movable parts of the three-jaw chuck 4a to separate from each other through the controller, so that the gear sleeve clamping jaw 4b is tensioned on the inner wall of the gear sleeve to completely fix the gear sleeve. Then the controller controls the electric rotating platform 3 to drive the whole clamping mechanism 4 and the gear sleeve to coaxially rotate together.
The outer wall of the gear sleeve clamping jaw 4b is provided with a gear surface 4b 1; in the operating state, the lower tooth surface 4b1 meshes with the inner tooth surface of the gear sleeve.
The tooth surface structure in the tooth sleeve is utilized, so that the tooth sleeve cannot deflect in the circumferential direction when being fixed on the tooth sleeve clamping jaw 4b through the meshing action of the tooth surface 4b1, and the structure is more stable.
The rotating mechanism 5 comprises a fixed frame 5a and an index plate 5 b; the fixed frame 5a is fixedly arranged on the movable end of the linear motion mechanism 2, the dividing disc 5b is fixedly arranged on the fixed frame 5a, the upper end face of the dividing disc 5b is fixedly connected and coaxially arranged with the rotary worktable 6, and the dividing disc 5b is electrically connected with the controller.
The fixed frame 5a provides support and fixation for the index plate 5b and the linear motion mechanism 2. The controller drives the rotary worktable 6 to rotate by driving the indexing disc 5b to rotate one hundred twenty degrees each time, so as to rotate the first feed mechanism 7, the second feed mechanism 8 and the cutting mechanism 9.
A vertical tangent plane 6a is arranged on the rotary worktable 6; the three vertical tangent planes 6a are arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary worktable 6 at one hundred twenty degrees, the vertical tangent planes 6a are in sliding connection with the movable parts of the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8, and the vertical tangent planes 6a are fixedly connected with the flat cutting mechanism 9.
The vertical tangent plane 6a is arranged on the rotary worktable 6, so that the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8 are convenient to feed, and the flat cutting mechanism 9 is convenient to fix.
The first feed mechanism 7 comprises a chute 7a, a slide block 7b, a linear driving assembly 7c, a positioning assembly 7d and a turning tool 7 e; the spout 7a is seted up on 6 perisporium of swivel work head, still with linear drive subassembly 7c threaded connection when slider 7b and spout 7a sliding connection, linear drive subassembly 7c fixed mounting is on 6 up end of swivel work head, linear drive subassembly 7c axis runs through swivel work head 6 and passes through spout 7a, locating component 7d one end fixed mounting is on 6 perisporium of swivel work head, locating component 7d one end fixed mounting is on slider 7b, lathe tool 7e fixed mounting is on slider 7b and the axis is located 6 radial position of swivel work head, lathe tool 7e rhombus edge up end level sets up, linear drive subassembly 7c, locating component 7d is connected with the controller electricity.
The initial position lower sliding block 7b is located in the middle of the sliding groove 7a, and the controller drives the sliding block 7b to slide upwards along the sliding groove 7a at a constant speed by controlling the linear driving assembly 7 c. The sliding block 7b drives the sliding chute 7a to ascend at a constant speed together, so that the knife edge moves to the inner wall of the upper side of the gear sleeve to finish primary cutting. The positioning component 7d is used for feeding back the movement position of the slide 7b, thereby realizing accurate control.
The sliding groove 7a and the sliding block 7b are of dovetail structures.
The sliding groove 7a is a dovetail groove, and the sliding connection part of the sliding block 7b and the sliding groove 7a is in a dovetail shape, so that the movement track of the sliding block 7b is ensured and the sliding block 7b cannot fall from the sliding groove 7 a.
The linear driving assembly 7c comprises a linear driver 7c1, a screw 7c2 and a bearing 7c 3; the linear driver 7c1 is fixedly installed on the upper end face of the rotary workbench 6, an output shaft of the linear driver 7c1 vertically extends into the sliding chute 7a, one end of a screw 7c2 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the linear driver 7c1, the other end of the screw 7c2 is fixedly connected with an inner ring of a bearing 7c3, an outer ring of the bearing 7c3 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the sliding chute 7a, the screw 7c2 is in threaded connection with the sliding block 7b, and the linear driver 7c1 is electrically connected with the controller.
The linear driver 7c1 is a miniature servo motor provided with a speed reducer; the controller drives the screw 7c2 to rotate by controlling the linear driver 7c1 to rotate so as to drive the sliding block 7b to slide in the sliding groove 7 a. The stability of the structure and the smoothness of operation are ensured by the arrangement of the bearing 7c 3.
The positioning component 7d comprises a bolt fixing frame 7d1, an infrared photoelectric sensor 7d2 and a reflection bolt 7d 3; the bolt fixing frame 7d1 is fixedly installed on the peripheral wall of the rotary worktable 6 and is positioned on one side of the sliding chute 7a, the infrared photoelectric sensor 7d2 is fixedly installed on the surface of the sliding block 7b facing the bolt fixing frame 7d1, the reflection bolt 7d3 is fixedly installed on the surface of the bolt fixing frame 7d1 facing the sliding block 7b, and the infrared photoelectric sensor 7d2 is electrically connected with the controller.
When the infrared photoelectric sensor 7d2 slides along the sliding groove 7a along with the slider 7b, the moving position of the turning tool 7e is judged through mutual induction between the infrared photoelectric sensor 7d2 and the reflecting bolt 7d3 fixed on the bolt fixing frame 7d1, so that accurate positioning is realized.
The flat cutting mechanism 9 comprises a fixed cutter frame 9a and a flat cutter 9 b; the fixed blade holder 9a is fixedly mounted on the peripheral wall of the rotary table 6, and the flat blade 9b is detachably mounted on the fixed blade holder 9 a.
The flat knife 9b is fixedly installed through the fixed knife rest 9a, and the flat knife 9b can be conveniently replaced.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the linear motion mechanism 2 is a ball screw sliding table provided with a position feedback sensor; the first feed mechanism 7 and the second feed mechanism 8 are provided with components for precise positioning. A worker sleeves the gear sleeve which is not processed with the shifting fork groove on the clamping mechanism 4, and the clamping mechanism 4 and the gear sleeve are mutually clamped to enable the gear sleeve not to deflect in the circumferential direction. Then the staff sends the signal to electronic revolving stage 3 through the controller, and electronic revolving stage 3 receives the signal and drives the tooth cover on clamping mechanism 4 and do coaxial rotation together. Then the staff sends the signal to linear motion mechanism 2, and linear motion mechanism 2 takes wheel mechanism 5, swivel work head 6 to follow electric turntable 3 radial direction and be close to the tooth cover after receiving the signal. In the initial state, the first feed mechanism 7 is positioned on the electric rotary table 3 in the radial direction and cuts the gear sleeve along with the approach of the rotary table 6. When the tool point of the tool of the first feeding mechanism 7 moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom of the shifting fork groove and the distance between the tool point and the inner wall of the upper side of the shifting fork groove are equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feeding mechanism 7, the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feeding mechanism 7 move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism 2 controls the rotating mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the first feeding mechanism 7 to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform 3, and the first feeding mechanism 7 drives the tool to move vertically and upwards. The upper end surface of the tool tip of the tool of the first feeding mechanism 7 is always parallel to the end surface of the gear sleeve in the motion process. When the tool nose of the first tool feeding mechanism 7 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the first step of turning operation is completed. Then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the first feed mechanism 7, the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary mechanism 5 and the rotary worktable 6 to drive the first feed mechanism 7 to radially retract along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal, the first feed mechanism 7 drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction after receiving the signal, and accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the first feed mechanism 7. The controller then sends a signal to the rotary mechanism 5, and the rotary mechanism 5 receives the signal and drives the rotary table 6 to rotate by one hundred twenty degrees so that the second feed mechanism 8 rotates to the radial position of the electric rotary table 3. The controller then sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 to drive the rotary table 6 and the second feed mechanism 8 to close and cut the gear sleeve along the radial direction of the electric rotary table 3. When the tool point of the tool of the second feeding mechanism 8 moves to a set point, namely the distance between the tool point and the bottom of the shifting fork groove and the distance between the tool point and the inner wall of the upper side of the shifting fork groove are equal, the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feeding mechanism 8, the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feeding mechanism 8 move at a constant speed after receiving the signal, the linear motion mechanism 2 controls the rotating mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the second feeding mechanism 8 to continue to move along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform 3, and the first feeding mechanism 7 drives the tool to move vertically and downwards. The lower end face of the cutter of the second feed mechanism 8 is always parallel to the end face of the gear sleeve in the moving process. And when the tool nose of the second tool feeding mechanism 8 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, the second step of turning operation is completed. Then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2 and the second feed mechanism 8, the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary mechanism 5 and the rotary worktable 6 to drive the second feed mechanism 8 to radially retract along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal, the second feed mechanism 8 drives the cutter to reset along the vertical direction after receiving the signal, and the accurate positioning can be realized through the induction assembly on the second feed mechanism 8. The controller then sends a signal to the rotating mechanism 5, and the rotating mechanism 5 receives the signal and drives the rotating table 6 to rotate by one hundred twenty degrees again so as to move the flattening mechanism 9 to the radial position of the electric rotating table 3. And then the controller sends a signal to the linear motion mechanism 2, and the linear motion mechanism 2 drives the rotary wheel mechanism 5, the rotary worktable 6 and the flat cutting mechanism 9 to radially approach the gear sleeve and cut the gear sleeve along the electric rotary table 3 after receiving the signal until the tool tip of the flat cutting mechanism 9 moves to the bottom of the shifting fork groove, so that the whole processing of the shifting fork groove is completed. Then the controller drives each component to reset and enables the electric rotating platform 3 to stop rotating, and the working personnel take down the gear sleeve which is finished to be processed to continue subsequent operation.

Claims (10)

1. The processing equipment for the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer is characterized by comprising a rack (1), a linear motion mechanism (2), an electric rotating table (3), a clamping mechanism (4), a rotating mechanism (5), a rotating workbench (6), a first feed mechanism (7), a second feed mechanism (8), a flat cutting mechanism (9) and a controller;
the linear motion mechanism (2) and the electric rotating platform (3) are fixedly arranged on the frame (1), the motion direction of the linear motion mechanism (2) is arranged along the radial direction of the electric rotating platform (3), the clamping mechanism (4) is rotatably arranged on the electric rotating platform (3) and the axes are collinear, the rotating mechanism (5) is fixedly arranged on the working end of the linear motion mechanism (2), the rotating workbench (6) is fixedly arranged on the rotating mechanism (5), the first feed mechanism (7), the second feed mechanism (8) and the flat cutting mechanism (9) are mutually arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotating workbench (6) in a one-hundred-twenty degree manner, the first feed mechanism (7) and the second feed mechanism (8) have the same structure, the linear motion mechanism (2), the electric rotating platform (3), the clamping mechanism (4), the rotary mechanism (5), the first feed mechanism (7) and the second feed mechanism (8) are electrically connected with the controller.
2. The automotive synchronizer sleeve shift fork groove machining apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism (4) comprises a three-jaw chuck (4 a) and a sleeve jaw (4 b); the three-jaw chuck (4 a) is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the electric rotating table (3) and is coaxially arranged with the electric rotating table (3), the gear sleeve clamping jaw (4 b) can be fixedly arranged on the movable part of the three-jaw chuck (4 a) along the radial movement of the three-jaw chuck (4 a), and the three-jaw chuck (4 a) is electrically connected with the controller.
3. The automotive synchronizer sleeve shift fork groove machining apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the outer wall of the sleeve jaw (4 b) is provided with a tooth surface (4 b 1); the tooth surface (4 b 1) is engaged with the inner tooth surface of the gear sleeve in the working state.
4. The processing equipment for the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer is characterized in that the wheel rotating mechanism (5) comprises a fixed frame (5 a) and an index plate (5 b); the fixed frame (5 a) is fixedly arranged at the movable end of the linear motion mechanism (2), the dividing disc (5 b) is fixedly arranged on the fixed frame (5 a), the upper end surface of the dividing disc (5 b) is fixedly connected and coaxially arranged with the rotary workbench (6), and the dividing disc (5 b) is electrically connected with the controller.
5. The automotive synchronizer sleeve fork pocket machining device according to claim 1, wherein a vertical section (6 a) is arranged on the rotary table (6); the three vertical tangent planes (6 a) are arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench (6) at one hundred twenty degrees, the vertical tangent planes (6 a) are connected with the movable parts of the first feed mechanism (7) and the second feed mechanism (8) in a sliding manner, and the vertical tangent planes (6 a) are fixedly connected with the flat cutting mechanism (9).
6. The processing equipment for the shifting fork groove of the gear sleeve of the automobile synchronizer according to claim 1, wherein the first feed mechanism (7) comprises a sliding groove (7 a), a sliding block (7 b), a linear driving assembly (7 c), a positioning assembly (7 d) and a turning tool (7 e); spout (7 a) are seted up on swivel work head (6) perisporium, still with linear drive subassembly (7 c) threaded connection when slider (7 b) and spout (7 a) sliding connection, linear drive subassembly (7 c) fixed mounting is on swivel work head (6) up end, linear drive subassembly (7 c) axis runs through swivel work head (6) and passes through spout (7 a), locating component (7 d) one end fixed mounting is on swivel work head (6) perisporium, locating component (7 d) one end fixed mounting is on slider (7 b), lathe tool (7 e) fixed mounting is on slider (7 b) and the axis is located swivel work head (6) radial position, lathe tool (7 e) rhombus edge up end level sets up, linear drive subassembly (7 c), locating component (7 d) are connected with the controller electricity.
7. The automotive synchronizer sleeve shift fork groove machining equipment according to claim 6, wherein the sliding groove (7 a) and the sliding block (7 b) are of a dovetail structure.
8. The automotive synchronizer sleeve fork pocket machining apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the linear driving assembly (7 c) comprises a linear driver (7 c 1), a screw (7 c 2) and a bearing (7 c 3); the linear driver (7 c 1) is fixedly installed on the upper end face of the rotary workbench (6), an output shaft of the linear driver (7 c 1) vertically extends into the sliding groove (7 a), one end of the screw rod (7 c 2) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the linear driver (7 c 1), the other end of the screw rod (7 c 2) is fixedly connected with an inner ring of the bearing (7 c 3), an outer ring of the bearing (7 c 3) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the sliding groove (7 a), the screw rod (7 c 2) is in threaded connection with the sliding block (7 b), and the linear driver (7 c 1) is electrically connected with the controller.
9. The automotive synchronizer gear sleeve shift fork groove machining device as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the positioning assembly (7 d) comprises a bolt fixing frame (7 d 1), an infrared photoelectric sensor (7 d 2) and a reflection bolt (7 d 3); the bolt fixing frame (7 d 1) is fixedly installed on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench (6) and located on one side of the sliding groove (7 a), the infrared photoelectric sensor (7 d 2) is fixedly installed on the surface, facing the bolt fixing frame (7 d 1), of the sliding block (7 b), the reflection bolt (7 d 3) is fixedly installed on the surface, facing the sliding block (7 b), of the bolt fixing frame (7 d 1), and the infrared photoelectric sensor (7 d 2) is electrically connected with the controller.
10. The automotive synchronizer sleeve shift fork groove machining apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the flat cutting mechanism (9) comprises a fixed cutter holder (9 a) and a flat cutter (9 b); the fixed knife rest (9 a) is fixedly arranged on the peripheral wall of the rotary workbench (6), and the flat knife (9 b) is detachably arranged on the fixed knife rest (9 a).
CN202010163711.6A 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 Processing equipment for shifting fork groove of gear sleeve of automobile synchronizer Active CN111185768B (en)

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CN111829410A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-27 安徽机电职业技术学院 Heavy truck drum brake's detection device

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CN209954290U (en) * 2019-04-13 2020-01-17 张家港市文锋机械有限公司 Feed mechanism of pipe cutting machine
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CN111571231A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-08-25 孙义彬 Automatic groove machining equipment for sliding gear sleeve of automobile synchronizer
CN111829410A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-27 安徽机电职业技术学院 Heavy truck drum brake's detection device

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