CN111185613A - Plate punching extruder - Google Patents

Plate punching extruder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111185613A
CN111185613A CN202010147441.XA CN202010147441A CN111185613A CN 111185613 A CN111185613 A CN 111185613A CN 202010147441 A CN202010147441 A CN 202010147441A CN 111185613 A CN111185613 A CN 111185613A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
horizontal
plate
conveying roller
frame
slip
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010147441.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱化蛟
向伟
吕江南
刘淳劼
颜波
马兰
刘佳杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Bast Fiber Crops of CAAS
Original Assignee
Institute of Bast Fiber Crops of CAAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Bast Fiber Crops of CAAS filed Critical Institute of Bast Fiber Crops of CAAS
Priority to CN202010147441.XA priority Critical patent/CN111185613A/en
Publication of CN111185613A publication Critical patent/CN111185613A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/05Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of roller-ways
    • B23Q7/055Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of roller-ways some of the rollers being driven

Abstract

The invention discloses a plate punching extruder which comprises a rack, a three-axis sliding table, a conveying roller set, a punching mechanism, a pressing mechanism and a driving mechanism, wherein the conveying roller set is arranged on the rack, the three-axis sliding table is arranged on the rack, the driving mechanism is connected with the conveying roller set and drives the conveying roller set to rotate, and the pressing mechanism and the driving mechanism are both arranged on the three-axis sliding table and are positioned above the conveying roller set. The punching extruder has the advantages of low cost, wide application range and capability of improving the accuracy and the efficiency of drilling.

Description

Plate punching extruder
Technical Field
The invention mainly relates to the field of manufacturing and processing of composite plates, in particular to a punching extruder for plates.
Background
In the field of manufacturing and processing of composite boards, in order to facilitate the installation of boards, threaded holes or installation holes matched with other accessories are generally required to be additionally arranged on the boards. At present, current perforating device in market can produce great vibration when punching to panel, easily appears the phenomenon of the positional deviation that punches, and is difficult to adapt to the panel of different models, can only punch one by one to the material simultaneously, extravagant plenty of time and energy.
Therefore, how to provide a punching device with clamping and fixing functions, which can complete the punching process of the composite board quickly and better, and improve the punching efficiency is a technical problem to be solved urgently by technical personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide the plate punching extruder which is low in cost, wide in application range and capable of improving the drilling accuracy and the drilling efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a plate punching extruder, includes frame, triaxial slip table, conveying roller set, the mechanism of punching, hold-down mechanism and actuating mechanism, conveying roller set installs in the frame, triaxial slip table installs in the frame, actuating mechanism is connected with conveying roller set and drives conveying roller set and rotates, hold-down mechanism and actuating mechanism all install on triaxial slip table and be located conveying roller set top.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
the three-axis sliding table comprises a plurality of stand columns, a horizontal lifting table and a plurality of transverse sliding tables, wherein each stand column is fixedly arranged on the rack, the horizontal lifting table is in sliding connection with each stand column and can lift up and down, each transverse sliding table is slidably arranged on the horizontal lifting table and can move along the transverse direction, and the pressing mechanism and the driving mechanism are slidably arranged on each transverse sliding table and can move along the other transverse direction perpendicular to the movement direction of the transverse sliding table.
The punching mechanism comprises a main machine and a drill bit, the main machine is arranged on the transverse sliding table in a sliding mode, and the drill bit is arranged at the output end of the main machine.
Hold-down mechanism includes fixed column, briquetting, spring and guide post, the fixed column cunning is adorned on horizontal slip table, the briquetting passes through the spring to be connected with the fixed column, guide post one end and briquetting rigid coupling, the other end wear to locate in spring and the fixed column.
The driving mechanism comprises a driving motor and a horizontal transmission chain, and the driving motor drives the horizontal transmission chain to operate and drives the conveying roller group to rotate.
Two sides of the rack are provided with transverse baffles, the transverse baffles are connected with a straight notch of the rack through bolts, two ends of the conveying roller set are connected with the transverse baffles on the corresponding sides, and guide balls are uniformly distributed on the transverse baffles.
One end of the rack is provided with a guide rod, a lifting baffle is sleeved on the guide rod and can be connected with the horizontal lifting platform through a lifting chain.
The other end of frame is equipped with the dwang, install the upset pole on the dwang, install spacing cylinder on the upset pole.
The electric cabinet is further arranged on the rack and electrically connected with the three-axis sliding table, the punching mechanism and the driving mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
when the plate punching extruder disclosed by the invention is operated, a plate is placed on the conveying roller group, the plate is driven to horizontally move by the rotation of the conveying roller group, and when the plate reaches a preset position, the driving mechanism stops; the position of the three-axis sliding table is adjusted in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction, so that the pressing mechanism presses the plate, and the plate is drilled by the punching mechanism; after drilling is completed, the driving mechanism is started, the plate which completes drilling exits from the drilling station, and the next plate starts to be conveyed, so that the batch drilling operation is realized. Compared with the traditional mode, the punching extruder realizes the three-dimensional movement of the punching mechanism and the pressing mechanism by utilizing the three-axis sliding table, can be suitable for drilling operation at different positions, and greatly improves the application range; the pressing mechanism is utilized to press the plate, so that vibration cannot occur during drilling, and the accuracy of the drilling position is ensured; utilize conveying roller group to carry the plate, can realize the drilling operation of plate in batches, improved efficiency greatly, the cost is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the plate punching and extruding machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view (another view) of the plate punching and extruding machine of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic front view of the plate perforating press of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a screw machine in the plate punching press of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a pressing mechanism in the plate punching press of the present invention.
The reference numerals in the figures denote:
1. a frame; 11. a transverse baffle; 12. a guide ball; 2. a three-axis sliding table; 21. a column; 22. a horizontal lifting platform; 23. a transverse sliding table; 24. a screw machine; 3. a conveying roller set; 4. a punching mechanism; 41. a host; 42. a drill bit; 5. a hold-down mechanism; 51. fixing a column; 52. briquetting; 53. a spring; 54. a guide post; 6. a drive mechanism; 61. a drive motor; 62. a horizontal drive chain; 7. a guide bar; 8. a lifting baffle plate; 9. a lifting chain; 10. rotating the rod; 101. a turning rod; 102. a limiting roller; 103. turning over a motor; 13. an electric cabinet.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the drawings and specific examples.
Fig. 1 to 5 show an embodiment of the plate punching extruder of the invention, which comprises a frame 1, a three-axis sliding table 2, a conveying roller group 3, a punching mechanism 4, a pressing mechanism 5 and a driving mechanism 6, wherein the conveying roller group 3 is installed on the frame 1, the three-axis sliding table 2 is installed on the frame 1, the driving mechanism 6 is connected with the conveying roller group 3 and drives the conveying roller group 3 to rotate, and the pressing mechanism 5 and the driving mechanism 6 are both installed on the three-axis sliding table 2 and are positioned above the conveying roller group 3. When the punching extruder runs, a plate is placed on the conveying roller group 3, the plate is driven to horizontally move by the rotation of the conveying roller group 3, and when the plate reaches a preset position, the driving mechanism 6 stops; the position of the three-axis sliding table 2 is adjusted vertically and horizontally, so that the pressing mechanism 5 presses the plate, and the plate is drilled by the punching mechanism 4; after drilling is completed, the driving mechanism 6 is started, the plate which completes drilling exits from the drilling station, and the next plate starts to be conveyed, so that the batch drilling operation is realized. Compared with the traditional mode, the punching extruder realizes the three-dimensional movement of the punching mechanism 4 and the pressing mechanism 5 by utilizing the three-axis sliding table 2, can be suitable for the drilling operation at different positions, and greatly improves the application range; the pressing mechanism 5 is utilized to press the plate, so that vibration cannot occur during drilling, and the accuracy of the drilling position is ensured; utilize conveying roller set 3 to carry the plate member, can realize the drilling operation of plate in batches, improved efficiency greatly, the cost is reduced.
In this embodiment, the three-axis sliding table 2 includes a plurality of columns 21, a horizontal lifting table 22, and a plurality of transverse sliding tables 23, each column 21 is fixedly mounted on the frame 1, the horizontal lifting table 22 is slidably connected to each column 21 and can be lifted up and down, each transverse sliding table 23 is slidably mounted on the horizontal lifting table 22 and can move in a transverse direction, and the pressing mechanism 5 and the driving mechanism 6 are slidably mounted on each transverse sliding table 23 and can move in another transverse direction perpendicular to the movement direction of the transverse sliding table 23. In the structure, the horizontal lifting platform 22 can lift up and down along each upright post 21, so that the lifting of the pressing mechanism 5 and the driving mechanism 6 is realized, each transverse sliding platform 23 can move transversely along the horizontal lifting platform 22, and the pressing mechanism 5 and the driving mechanism 6 can move along the other transverse direction of the transverse sliding platform 23 in a matched manner, so that the drilling operation at different positions is realized, the structure is simple, and the design is ingenious; the three-way movement of the three-axis sliding table 2 is driven by the screw rod machine 24 in all directions.
In this embodiment, the hole-punching mechanism 4 includes a main unit 41 and a drill 42, the main unit 41 is slidably mounted on the transverse slide table 23, and the drill 42 is mounted on an output end of the main unit 41. In this structure, the main body 41 drives the drill 42 to perform a drilling operation.
In this embodiment, the pressing mechanism 5 includes a fixing column 51, a pressing block 52, a spring 53 and a guide column 54, the fixing column 51 is slidably mounted on the transverse sliding table 23, the pressing block 52 is connected with the fixing column 51 through the spring 53, one end of the guide column 54 is fixedly connected with the pressing block 52, and the other end of the guide column 54 penetrates through the spring 53 and the fixing column 51. In the structure, the plate is pressed through the action of the fixed column 51, the pressing block 52, the spring 53 and the guide column 54, and the pressure is adjusted by the spring 53.
In this embodiment, the driving mechanism 6 includes a driving motor 61 and a horizontal transmission chain 62, and the driving motor 61 drives the horizontal transmission chain 62 to operate and drives the conveying roller group 3 to rotate. In this structure, the driving motor 61 drives the conveying roller group 3 to rotate through the horizontal transmission chain 62 so as to convey the plate.
In this embodiment, two sides of the frame 1 are provided with transverse baffles 11, the transverse baffles 11 are connected with the straight slot on the frame 1 through bolts, two ends of the conveying roller set 3 are connected with the transverse baffles 11 on the corresponding sides, and guide balls 12 are uniformly distributed on the transverse baffles 11. The transverse baffle plates 11 can limit the two sides of the plate, and meanwhile, the transverse baffle plates 11 on one side of the rack 1 can move through the straight groove openings to change the distance between the transverse baffle plates 11 on the two sides, so that the plate processing machine can adapt to plate processing with different widths; the guide balls 12 can guide both sides of the plate member.
In this embodiment, one end of the frame 1 is provided with a guide rod 7, the guide rod 7 is sleeved with a lifting baffle 8, and the lifting baffle 8 can pass through a lifting chain 9 to be connected with a horizontal lifting platform 22. In this structure, when horizontal lift platform 22 was located initial position, lifting baffle 8 can realize spacingly to the plate one end that gets into, and when horizontal lift platform 22 descended, lifting chain 9 drove lifting baffle 8 and rises along guide bar 7, and it is spacing to remove the tip to the plate that has processed can follow the tip output, its simple structure, design benefit.
In this embodiment, the other end of the rack 1 is provided with a rotating rod 10, the rotating rod 10 is provided with a turning rod 101, and the turning rod 101 is provided with a limiting roller 102. In the structure, after a plate enters, the rotating rod 10 drives the limiting roller 102 to overturn through the overturning rod 101 to limit the other end of the plate, and during drilling, the limiting roller 102 reversely overturns and compounds so as to facilitate the entry of the subsequent plate; the turning bar 10 is driven by a turn motor 103.
In this embodiment, the rack 1 is further provided with an electric cabinet 13, and the electric cabinet 13 is electrically connected with the three-axis sliding table 2, the punching mechanism 4 and the driving mechanism 6. In the structure, the PLC control program control is realized through the electric cabinet 13, and the automation is improved.
In this embodiment, the conveying roller group 3 and the limiting roller 102 are all encapsulated, so that the punching extruder can work more stably, and the plate is prevented from being damaged when being fixed.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it is not intended to be limited thereto. Those skilled in the art can make numerous possible variations and modifications to the present invention, or modify equivalent embodiments to equivalent variations, without departing from the scope of the invention, using the teachings disclosed above. Therefore, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the technical scheme of the present invention, unless the technical spirit of the present invention departs from the content of the technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A plate punching extruder is characterized in that: including frame (1), triaxial slip table (2), conveying roller set (3), mechanism (4), hold-down mechanism (5) and actuating mechanism (6) punch, install in frame (1) conveying roller set (3), triaxial slip table (2) are installed in frame (1), actuating mechanism (6) are connected with conveying roller set (3) and drive conveying roller set (3) and rotate, hold-down mechanism (5) and actuating mechanism (6) are all installed on triaxial slip table (2) and are located conveying roller set (3) top.
2. The plate punching press according to claim 1, wherein: triaxial slip table (2) includes many stands (21), horizontal lift platform (22) and many horizontal slip tables (23), and each stand (21) is adorned admittedly in frame (1), horizontal lift platform (22) and each stand (21) slip joint and can the oscilaltion, and each horizontal slip table (23) cunning dress can remove along the transverse direction on horizontal lift platform (22), hold-down mechanism (5) and actuating mechanism (6) cunning dress can remove along another transverse direction with horizontal slip table (23) direction of motion vertically on each horizontal slip table (23).
3. The plate punching press according to claim 2, wherein: the punching mechanism (4) comprises a main machine (41) and a drill bit (42), the main machine (41) is arranged on the transverse sliding table (23) in a sliding mode, and the drill bit (42) is arranged at the output end of the main machine (41).
4. A plate punching press according to claim 3, wherein: the pressing mechanism (5) comprises a fixing column (51), a pressing block (52), a spring (53) and a guide column (54), the fixing column (51) is installed on the transverse sliding table (23) in a sliding mode, the pressing block (52) is connected with the fixing column (51) through the spring (53), one end of the guide column (54) is fixedly connected with the pressing block (52), and the other end of the guide column (54) penetrates through the spring (53) and the fixing column (51).
5. The plate punching press according to claim 4, wherein: the driving mechanism (6) comprises a driving motor (61) and a horizontal transmission chain (62), and the driving motor (61) drives the horizontal transmission chain (62) to run and drives the conveying roller group (3) to rotate.
6. The plate punching press according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: both sides on frame (1) are provided with horizontal plate washer (11), horizontal plate washer (11) through the bolt with frame (1) is gone up the straight notch and is connected, the both ends of carrying roller set (3) are connected with horizontal plate washer (11) of corresponding side, the equipartition has direction ball (12) on horizontal plate washer (11).
7. The plate punching press according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: one end of the rack (1) is provided with a guide rod (7), the guide rod (7) is sleeved with a lifting baffle (8), and the lifting baffle (8) can pass through a lifting chain (9) to be connected with a horizontal lifting platform (22).
8. The plate punching press according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein: the other end of frame (1) is equipped with dwang (10), install upset pole (101) on dwang (10), install spacing cylinder (102) on upset pole (101).
9. The plate punching press according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the electric cabinet punching machine is characterized in that an electric cabinet (13) is further arranged on the rack (1), and the electric cabinet (13) is electrically connected with the three-axis sliding table (2), the punching mechanism (4) and the driving mechanism (6).
CN202010147441.XA 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 Plate punching extruder Pending CN111185613A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010147441.XA CN111185613A (en) 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 Plate punching extruder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010147441.XA CN111185613A (en) 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 Plate punching extruder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111185613A true CN111185613A (en) 2020-05-22

Family

ID=70704894

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010147441.XA Pending CN111185613A (en) 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 Plate punching extruder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111185613A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111730675A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-10-02 董伟 Punching machine for automotive interior plastic plate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111730675A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-10-02 董伟 Punching machine for automotive interior plastic plate
CN111730675B (en) * 2020-06-10 2022-05-20 随州市众星汽车内饰件有限责任公司 Automobile interior plastic plate perforating machine

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