CN111167716A - Light material separation device - Google Patents

Light material separation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111167716A
CN111167716A CN201811413311.5A CN201811413311A CN111167716A CN 111167716 A CN111167716 A CN 111167716A CN 201811413311 A CN201811413311 A CN 201811413311A CN 111167716 A CN111167716 A CN 111167716A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sealing cover
light
materials
throwing
conveying belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811413311.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱兴良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201811336246 priority Critical
Priority to CN2018113362460 priority
Application filed by Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co ltd filed Critical Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Publication of CN111167716A publication Critical patent/CN111167716A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • B07B4/025Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall the material being slingered or fled out horizontally before falling, e.g. by dispersing elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/06Feeding or discharging arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/01Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using gravity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention provides a light material separation device, which comprises an air supply mechanism for blowing air to a material and a material throwing mechanism for throwing the material, wherein the air supply mechanism comprises a sealing cover covering and buckling above the material throwing mechanism and air inlet pipelines symmetrically arranged at two sides of the sealing cover, and a wind source supplies wind power to the material through the air inlet pipelines.

Description

Light material separation device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of construction waste treatment, and particularly relates to a light material separation device.
Background
Along with the acceleration of the urbanization speed of China, the town reconstruction process is accompanied with the removal and demolition of a large amount of buildings, so a large amount of building rubbish is generated, if the environment pollution and the resource waste can be caused by improper treatment, the building rubbish after the removal and demolition of the buildings is often mixed with decoration rubbish, the building rubbish is mostly heavy materials such as concrete blocks, broken stones, brick and tile fragments, the decoration rubbish is mostly light materials such as gypsum boards, wallpaper, plastics, cloth art and the like, and various rubbish is mixed together to bring inconvenience to the treatment and the reutilization of the rubbish. At present, manual sorting, water sorting and air separation are mostly adopted for the sorting mode of the construction waste, and although the manual sorting is accurate, the manual sorting consumes time and labor, the efficiency is extremely low and the labor cost is high; the water separation is carried out according to the density of materials, the materials float on the water surface with low density and sink into the water with high density by virtue of the buoyancy of water, and are separated out, so that the separation is realized, a large amount of sewage can be generated although the separation effect of the water separation is good, and the sewage needs to be treated by investing a large amount of capital and energy subsequently, the compressed mud cake cannot be reused due to the addition of medicaments, so that the environment is polluted and resources are wasted, the environmental protection concept is violated, in the water separation process, the materials with the same density as water can suspend in the water, the effective separation cannot be carried out, and the materials with water absorption materials cannot be accurately separated; the winnowing is to separate light materials and heavy materials by wind power, and the light materials and the heavy materials are separated by different moving speeds and moving tracks under the action of the wind power.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems in the building garbage sorting process, and provides the light material separating device.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
the light material separating device is characterized by comprising an air supply mechanism for blowing air to a material and a material throwing mechanism for throwing the material, wherein the air supply mechanism comprises a sealing cover covering and buckling the upper part of the material throwing mechanism and air inlet pipelines symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sealing cover, and a wind power source supplies wind power to the material through the air inlet pipelines.
By arranging the material throwing mechanism, the materials are in a dynamic separation state in the throwing and falling processes, a gap exists between the materials, the materials are convenient to wind, the materials are prevented from being mixed and extruded together in a static state and cannot be fully wind-blown, the heavy materials prevent the light materials from being moved by wind, the separation effect cannot be achieved, and the heavy materials and the light materials mixed together can be primarily separated due to different motion tracks in the throwing and falling processes of the materials, so that favorable conditions are further provided for the wind-blown separation of the materials, and the separation is more sufficient; a sealing cover is arranged above the conveying belt, an air inlet pipeline is arranged on the sealing cover, and a wind power source supplies air into the sealing cover through the air inlet pipeline and blows the air to the materials, so that the light materials and the heavy materials generate speed difference to form different movement tracks, and the separation effect is achieved; the top of conveyer belt forms a sealed wind channel in the setting up of sealed cowling, does benefit to the material and receives the wind further to improve and selects separately the effect, and can all retrain the material in the sealed cowling, avoids the material to throw and receives the wind back scattered everywhere, reduces dust pollution and noise pollution.
Preferably, the material throwing mechanism comprises a material loading assembly for bearing materials and a push rod, the push rod is vertically arranged on the material loading assembly, and the push rod can move up and down under the action of the power mechanism and drives the material loading assembly to move up and down to realize material throwing. The device is simple and reliable in arrangement, and can realize throwing of materials so as to provide favorable conditions for materials to be subjected to wind.
Preferably, the material loading assembly comprises a conveying belt and a rack, the conveying belt and the rack are used for conveying materials, the two ends of the rack are respectively provided with a driving wheel, the conveying belt is tensioned on the two driving wheels and runs under the driving of the driving wheels to convey the materials from a feeding end to a discharging end, a plurality of carrier rollers used for supporting the conveying belt and the materials are arranged below the conveying surface of the conveying belt, the carrier rollers are perpendicular to the running direction of the conveying belt, supporting shafts at the two ends of the carrier rollers are respectively provided with an ejector rod, the carrier rollers are perpendicular to the ejector rods and can move up and down under the driving of the ejector rods, and a hydraulic cylinder used for driving the ejector rods to move. Above setting can throw the material on the conveyer belt and blow with wind, the ejector pin moves from top to bottom and drives the bearing roller up-and-down motion under the effect of pneumatic cylinder, the conveyer belt produces the vibration under the effect of bearing roller, throw the material on the conveyer belt, the up-and-down motion of bearing roller is realized through the cooperation of pneumatic cylinder and ejector pin, thereby realize throwing the material, and simple structure is compact, the operation is reliable, easy maintenance, and throw material mechanism and utilize the conveyer belt to advance to carry the material, can throw the material and blow with wind to the material at the in-process that the material was carried, can realize the separation of light material when the material reacing the discharge end, the separation efficiency of light material is greatly improved, and with conveying equipment and splitter reasonable combination together, manufacturing and running cost have been reduced.
Preferably, the two sides of the conveying belt are provided with mounting frames, guide grooves are formed in the mounting frames, and the ejector rods can be mounted in the guide grooves in a vertically moving mode. The setting of guide way can be for the up-and-down motion with the motion restraint of ejector pin to make the bearing roller receive ascending effort and realize throwing the material, avoid the bearing roller to other directions removal to lead to the conveyer belt skew.
Preferably, the ejector rod comprises an installation section and a driven section, the installation section and the driven section are two sections of cylinders coaxially arranged, the guide groove is a cylindrical groove body, the driven section is installed in the guide groove and moves up and down under the constraint of the guide groove, the lower end of the driven section protrudes out of the guide groove and is matched with the hydraulic cylinder, a boss is formed at the connecting part of the installation section and the driven section and abuts against the installation frame, and the supporting shaft of the carrier roller is installed on the installation section. The outer fringe of the installation section that makes the ejector pin above sets up supports and provides sufficient holding power for the bearing roller on the mounting bracket to make the bearing roller have sufficient holding power to support conveyer belt and material, also can satisfy the ejector pin simultaneously and cooperate with the pneumatic cylinder and realize the up-and-down motion, and ejector pin and guide way all set cylindrical reducible frictional force to improve the degree of adaptability.
Preferably, the ejector rods are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the conveying belt in pairs, and the upper end faces of the ejector rods are higher than the upper surface of the conveying belt. The arrangement can restrain the conveying belt between the ejector rods on the two sides, so that the conveying belt is prevented from deviating, and the ejector rods also have the function of correcting deviation.
Preferably, the air inlet pipelines are distributed on two sides of the sealing cover at intervals. The arrangement of the plurality of groups of air inlet pipelines can enable materials to be continuously ventilated in the conveying process, so that the speed difference formed by the materials with different masses is larger, different movement tracks are formed, and the separation is more thorough.
Preferably, the air inlet pipelines are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sealing cover, and the air inlet pipelines are obliquely arranged on the sealing cover. The intake stack symmetry sets up the sealed cowling both sides, can blow to the material simultaneously in the conveyer belt when carrying the material, makes the material receive the wind more even, and the intake stack slope sets up and not only receives ascending power when receiving the wind, still receives the power of marcing forward on sealed cowling can make the material, does benefit to the sorting and the transportation of material, improves and selects separately and transport efficiency.
Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the sealing cover becomes gradually larger along the material advancing direction. When the wind power that the wind-force source provided is great, can adopt the sealed cowling of cross sectional area grow gradually to guarantee that the air current from the feed end to the discharge end operation, avoid the material to move under the air current effect reverse, influence transport and separation efficiency.
Preferably, the bottom of two sides of the sealing cover is provided with a plurality of sliding blocks, the upper end surface of the mounting frame is provided with a convex edge, and the upper surface of the convex edge is provided with a sliding groove matched with the sliding blocks. The sealed cowling passes through the cooperation of slider with the spout, and slidable installs on the mounting bracket, is convenient for open the sealed cowling and carries out maintenance to equipment, and the spout is seted up on the protruding edge of mounting bracket up end, under the condition that does not influence ejector pin and bearing roller motion, this setting can increase the leakproofness of sealed cowling.
Preferably, the bottom ends of the two side surfaces of the sealing cover are bent inwards to form bent portions, the bent portions extend inwards and abut against the side surfaces of the mounting frame, and the sliding block is mounted on the lower surface of the bent portions. The sealing performance of the sealing cover can be further improved through the arrangement, and the bent parts can be used for receiving materials falling from the conveying belt, so that the materials are prevented from directly falling on the sliding grooves of the sliding blocks to influence the sliding fit of the sliding blocks or falling on other part mechanisms to influence the normal operation of the device.
Preferably, an external fan is arranged on one side, located at the discharge end, of the rack, and the fan is higher than the material collecting device in height so as to further supply air to materials falling from the discharge end for air separation. The materials are blown again to be winnowed when being discharged, so that the separation effect is improved.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the light material separation device disclosed by the invention solves the technical problem that light materials and heavy materials cannot be fully subjected to wind and have poor separation effect by arranging the wind supply mechanism and the material throwing mechanism, and improves the separation effect of the light materials under the combined action of material throwing and wind blowing.
2. The light material separation device disclosed by the invention has the advantages that through the combined action of material throwing and air supply, the separation effect of the light materials is better, the recycling of construction waste is facilitated, and the environment is protected and the energy is saved.
3. The invention separates the light materials by wind power, avoids secondary pollution caused by sewage generated by water separation, and is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
4. The material throwing mechanism effectively combines the material throwing function and the conveying function, can realize the separation of light materials in the material conveying process, greatly improves the conveying and separating efficiency, simplifies the construction waste conveying and sorting equipment, avoids the need of the cooperation of a plurality of pieces of equipment, greatly saves energy, reduces emission, occupies small area and has low manufacturing and operating cost.
5. The material throwing mechanism is simple and compact in structure and reliable in operation, and material throwing is realized through the cooperation of the material loading assembly, the ejector rod and the hydraulic cylinder.
6. The air inlet pipelines are provided with a plurality of groups, materials can be continuously ventilated in the conveying process, and the air inlet pipeline is also provided with the external fan, so that the materials can be fully ventilated, and the separation effect of light materials is improved.
7. According to the invention, the sealing cover is arranged to form a sealing air channel above the conveying belt, so that the separation effect is further improved when materials are subjected to wind, the materials can be confined in the sealing cover, the materials are prevented from being thrown and scattered around after being subjected to wind, and dust pollution and noise pollution are reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a material throwing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a fan feeding mechanism according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a material throwing mechanism according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a roller mounting bracket and a cam in the second embodiment of the invention;
fig. 9 is another structural schematic view of the idler mounting bracket and the cam according to the second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a right side view of the seal cap according to the second embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure, 1, a feeding bin; 2. a sealing cover; 21. an air inlet pipeline; 22. a built-in fan is arranged; 23. a bending section; 24. a slider; 25. a baffle plate; 3. a frame; 31. a mounting frame; 32. a convex edge; 34. a limiting base; 41. a top rod; 411. an installation section; 42. a carrier roller; 412. a driven section; 42. a carrier roller; 5. a hydraulic cylinder; 51. a piston rod; 6. a carrier roller mounting frame; 61. mounting a beam; 62. a bottom beam; 63. a deviation rectifying rod; 64. a buffer spring; 7. a conveyor belt; 71. a driving wheel; 72. a driven wheel; 8. a cam; 81. a first arc wall; 82. a second arc wall; 83. a driving gear; 84. a driven gear; 85. a drive chain; 86. a power input shaft; 9. an external fan; 91. a fan housing; 92. and a blast nozzle.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention, and the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
In the first embodiment, referring to fig. 1-4, the first embodiment discloses a light material separating device, which comprises a wind feeding mechanism and a material throwing mechanism, wherein the wind feeding mechanism comprises a sealing cover 2 covering and buckling above the material throwing mechanism, and a wind inlet pipeline 21 arranged on the sealing cover 2, the wind inlet pipeline 21 is symmetrically welded on two sides of the sealing cover 2 and forms a 45-degree angle with the sealing cover 2, the wind inlet pipeline 21 is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sealing cover 2, so that when a conveyer belt 7 conveys materials, the materials can be simultaneously blown from the side, the materials are uniformly blown, and the wind inlet pipeline 21 is obliquely arranged on the sealing cover 2, so that the materials can not only be forced upwards when being blown, but also be forced forwards, the sorting and the transportation of the materials are facilitated, and the sorting and the conveying efficiency is improved; the air inlet pipes 21 are distributed at two sides of the sealing cover 2 at intervals, in the embodiment, the air inlet pipes 21 are 3, and the arrangement of the air inlet pipes 21 can enable materials to continuously receive air in the conveying process, so that the materials with different masses have different movement tracks, and the separation is more thorough; in the embodiment, the wind power source is a built-in fan 22 arranged inside the air inlet pipeline 21, and the fan is directly arranged in the air inlet pipeline 21, so that wind power directly enters the sealing cover 2 from the air inlet pipeline 21 to act on materials, the air supply path is shortened, the effective acting force of the wind is improved, and other wind power sources can be used for supplying air in practical application, such as an air compressor; the bottom ends of two side surfaces of the sealing cover 2 are bent inwards to form bent parts 23, the bent parts 23 extend inwards and are abutted against the side surfaces of the mounting parts, the lower surfaces of the bent parts 23 are provided with sliding blocks 24, the upper end surface of the mounting frame 31 is provided with a convex edge 32, the upper surface of the convex edge 32 is provided with a sliding groove matched with the sliding block 24, the sealing cover 2 is matched with the sliding groove through the sliding block 24, is arranged on the mounting frame 31 in a sliding way, is convenient for opening the sealing cover 2 to carry out maintenance on the equipment, is arranged on a convex edge 32 on the upper end surface of the mounting frame 31, under the condition that the movement of the ejector rod 41 and the carrier roller 42 is not influenced, the arrangement can increase the sealing performance of the sealing cover 2, and the bent part 23 can be used for receiving materials falling from the conveying belt 7, so that the materials are prevented from directly falling on the sliding groove of the sliding block 24 to influence the sliding fit of the sliding block or the sliding groove or falling on other part mechanisms to influence the normal operation of the device; the cross section area of the sealing cover 2 is gradually increased along the material advancing direction, and when the wind power provided by the wind power source is large, the sealing cover 2 with the gradually increased cross section area is adopted to ensure that the air flow runs from the feeding end to the discharging end, so that the material is prevented from reversely running under the action of the air flow to influence the conveying and separating efficiency; the sealing cover 2 is also provided with a feeding hole and a discharging hole, and the feeding hole is fixedly provided with a feeding bin 1.
The material throwing mechanism comprises a material carrying component for carrying materials and an ejector rod 41, wherein the ejector rod 41 is vertically arranged on the material carrying component, the ejector rod 41 can move up and down under the action of a power mechanism and drives the material carrying component to move up and down to realize material throwing, in the embodiment, the material carrying component comprises a conveying belt 7 and a rack 3 for conveying the materials, the conveying belt 7 is tensioned on two driving wheels, the driving wheels are rotatably arranged at two ends of the rack 3, a driving wheel 71 is arranged at a discharge end, a driven wheel 72 is arranged at the feed end, the driving wheel 71 is in transmission connection with an output shaft of a first motor, and the driving wheel 71 is driven by the first motor to rotate so as to drive the conveying belt 7 to operate and convey the materials; a plurality of carrier rollers 42 for supporting the conveying belt 7 and the materials are arranged below the conveying surface of the conveying belt 7, the carrier rollers 42 are arranged perpendicular to the running direction of the conveying belt 7, supporting shafts at two ends of the carrier rollers 42 are respectively and vertically arranged on the ejector rods 41, the ejector rods 41 are distributed on two sides of the conveying belt 7 in pairwise symmetry, one carrier roller 42 is arranged between each group of ejector rods 41, the upper end surfaces of the ejector rods 41 are higher than the upper surface of the conveying belt 7 so as to restrain the conveying belt 7 between the ejector rods 41 on the two sides, the deviation of the conveying belt 7 is avoided, and the ejector rods 41 also have the function of deviation rectification; the hydraulic cylinder 5 for driving the ejector rod 41 to move up and down is arranged below the ejector rod 41, the piston rod 51 of the hydraulic cylinder 5 is abutted against the lower end face of the ejector rod 41, the material on the conveying belt 7 can be thrown and blown by wind, the ejector rod 41 moves up and down under the action of the hydraulic cylinder 5 and drives the carrier roller 42 to move up and down, in the process that the piston rod 51 of the hydraulic cylinder 5 is rapidly stretched, the conveying belt 7 vibrates under the action of the carrier roller 42 to throw up the material on the conveying belt 7, the up and down movement of the carrier roller 42 is realized through the matching of the hydraulic cylinder 5 and the ejector rod 41, so that the material throwing is realized, the structure is simple and compact, the operation is reliable, the maintenance is convenient, the material throwing mechanism utilizes the conveying belt 7 to carry the material in a feeding mode, the material can be thrown and blown by wind in the material conveying process, the separation of the light material can be, the conveying equipment and the separating equipment are reasonably combined together, so that the manufacturing and operating costs are reduced; the mounting frames 31 are arranged on two sides of the conveying belt 7, guide grooves are formed in the mounting frames 31, the ejector rods 41 can be mounted in the guide grooves in a vertically moving mode, and the guide grooves are arranged to restrict the movement of the ejector rods 41 to be vertical movement, so that the carrier rollers 42 are subjected to upward acting force to realize material throwing, and the conveying belt 7 is prevented from being deviated due to the fact that the carrier rollers 42 move in other directions; the carrier roller 41 comprises an installation section 411 and a driven section 412, the installation section 411 and the driven section 412 are two sections of cylinders which are coaxially arranged, the guide groove is a cylindrical groove body, the driven section 412 is installed in the guide groove and moves up and down under the constraint of the guide groove, the lower end of the driven section 412 protrudes out of the guide groove and is matched with the hydraulic cylinder 5, a boss is formed at the connecting part of the installation section 411 and the driven section 412 and abuts against the installation frame 31, a supporting shaft of the carrier roller 42 is installed on the installation section 411, the outer edge of the installation section 411 of the carrier roller 41 is supported on the installation frame 31 through the arrangement, sufficient supporting force is provided for the carrier roller 42, the carrier roller 42 has sufficient supporting force to support the conveying belt 7 and materials, meanwhile, the carrier roller 41 can also be matched with the hydraulic cylinder 5 to achieve upward movement, and the carrier roller 41 and the.
The working principle of the embodiment is that materials enter the sealing cover 2 from the feeding bin 1, the materials in the embodiment are crushed construction waste, light decoration waste is mixed in the construction waste, the materials fall on the feeding end of the conveying belt 7, and the conveying belt 7 drives the materials to move towards the discharging end under the driving of the driving wheel; when the construction waste is conveyed, the hydraulic cylinder 5 works, a piston rod 51 of the hydraulic cylinder 5 acts on the ejector rod 41, the ejector rods 41 on two sides of the conveying belt 7 drive the carrier roller 42 to move up and down, the carrier roller 42 moves up and down and acts on the conveying belt 7 to throw up the material on the conveying belt 7, the falling speed and the movement track of the light material and the heavy material are different in the throwing and falling processes, the material can be primarily separated, the material can be blown by wind of the built-in fan 22 in the conveying and throwing processes, the fans are distributed on two sides of the sealing cover 2 at intervals in 3 groups, so the material is continuously blown in the whole conveying process, the wind effect of the material in the throwing and falling dynamic processes is better, gaps exist among the materials in the dynamic state, the wind is convenient to be blown, the light material and the heavy material are prevented from being mixed in the static state and being squeezed with each other, thereby affecting the wind and movement of the light material; under the combined action of throwing material and blowing when the material is carried to the discharge gate, the material of different quality has formed different speed and region, consequently the material can form different movement tracks when falling from the discharge gate, thereby realize the separation, the transportation, throw the material and all go on in sealed cowling 2 for wind, the material is retrained in sealed cowling 2, avoid the material to throw and receive wind back scattering everywhere, reduce dust pollution and noise pollution, and sealed cowling 2 forms an wind channel and can further improve and receive the wind effect.
The second embodiment, referring to fig. 5-10, discloses a light material separating device, which comprises an air supply mechanism and a material throwing mechanism, wherein the air supply mechanism comprises a sealing cover 2 covering and buckling above the material throwing mechanism, and air inlet pipes 21 arranged on the sealing cover 2, the air inlet pipes 21 are symmetrically welded on two sides of the sealing cover 2 and form an angle of 45 degrees with the sealing cover 2, the air inlet pipes 21 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the sealing cover 2, so that when a conveying belt 7 conveys materials, the materials can be simultaneously blown from the side, the materials are uniformly blown, and the air inlet pipes 21 are obliquely arranged on the sealing cover 2, so that the materials are not only subjected to an upward force when being blown, but also subjected to a forward traveling force, the sorting and the conveying of the materials are facilitated, and the sorting and conveying efficiencies are improved; in the embodiment, the air inlet pipes 21 are a group and are arranged close to the discharge end of the conveyer belt 7, the air inlet pipes 21 are arranged close to the discharge end, garbage is blown before being discharged, the garbage can be maintained in a blown state until being discharged, and therefore, different movement tracks are formed by speed difference during discharging so as to achieve the separation purpose; the cross section of the air inlet pipeline 21 is gradually reduced along the air inlet direction, and the arrangement can enable the wind power to be more concentrated, so that the garbage is better in wind receiving effect, and a better separation effect is achieved. In the embodiment, the wind power source is a built-in fan 22 arranged inside the air inlet pipeline 21, the fan is directly arranged in the air inlet pipeline 21, wind power can directly enter the sealing cover 2 from the air inlet pipeline 21 to act on materials, the air supply path is shortened, the effective acting force of the wind is improved, and other wind power sources can be used for supplying air in practical application, for example, an air compressor is adopted, sliding grooves are formed in the upper surfaces of the racks 3 on two sides of the conveying belt 7, sliding blocks 24 matched with the sliding grooves are fixedly arranged on the lower edge of the sealing cover 2, the sealing cover 2 is slidably arranged on the racks 3 through the sliding blocks 24, and the sealing cover 2 is convenient to open the sealing cover 2 to maintain equipment; baffle 25 is installed to the inner wall symmetry of sealed cowling 2, baffle 25 is located the top of slider 24, and the width of baffle 25 is the same with sealed cowling 2 and frame 3's installation clearance, and it is the installation clearance in order to shelter from sealed cowling 2 and frame 3 to set up baffle 25, further improves sealed cowling 2's leakproofness, and baffle 25 sets up in slider 24's top, can accept the rubbish that scatters, avoid rubbish to fall so that influence their cooperation on spout and slider 24 to scattered rubbish is changeed the clearance.
The material throwing mechanism comprises a material carrying component for carrying materials and an ejector rod 41, wherein the ejector rod 41 is vertically arranged on the material carrying component, the ejector rod 41 can move up and down under the action of a power mechanism and drives the material carrying component to move up and down to realize material throwing, in the embodiment, the material carrying component comprises a conveying belt 7 and a rack 3 for conveying the materials, the conveying belt 7 is tensioned on two driving wheels, the driving wheels are rotatably arranged at two ends of the rack 3, a driving wheel 71 is arranged at a discharge end, a driven wheel 72 is arranged at the feed end, the driving wheel 71 is in transmission connection with an output shaft of a first motor, and the driving wheel 71 is driven by the motor to rotate so as to drive the conveying belt 7 to operate and convey; the carrier roller mounting frames 6 are erected on the frames 3 on the two sides of the conveying belt 7, in the embodiment, the number of the carrier roller mounting frames 6 is 7, the distance between the carrier roller mounting frames 6 at the feeding end is smaller so as to improve the bearing capacity of the feeding end, carrier rollers 42 are installed on the carrier roller mounting frames 6, the carrier rollers 42 are located below the conveying surface of the conveying belt 7 and are arranged perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveying belt 7, the carrier roller mounting frames 6 are conventional carrier roller mounting frames 6 used on a belt conveyor and comprise two longitudinally arranged mounting beams 61, the mounting beams 61 are respectively located on the two sides of the conveying belt 7, the bottoms of the mounting beams 61 are connected through bottom beams 62, the carrier rollers 42 are installed between the two mounting beams 61, ejector rods 41 are fixedly and vertically installed at the bottoms of the bottom beams 62, correcting rods 63 for preventing the conveying belt 7 from deviating are installed at the upper ends, the deviation of the conveying belt 7 can be avoided by the arrangement when the conveying belt 7 receives the upward acting force of the carrier roller 42, so that the normal operation and the material throwing effect of the conveying belt 7 are guaranteed, and the deviation correcting rod 63 is a cylinder so as to reduce the abrasion to the conveying belt 7. In the embodiment, the ejector rod 41 is arranged below the carrier roller mounting frame 6, and then the power mechanism is utilized to apply work to the ejector rod 41, so that the ejector rod 41 drives the carrier roller mounting frame to move, and then the garbage on the conveying belt 7 can be thrown; limiting bases 34 are symmetrically welded on the rack 3 at two sides of the conveying belt 7, the limiting bases 34 are 7 groups in the embodiment, each carrier roller mounting frame 6 is limited in one group of limiting bases 34, the limiting bases 34 are arranged to ensure that the carrier roller mounting frames 6 can only move up and down to realize material throwing, the carrier roller mounting frames are prevented from moving back and forth or left and right on the rack 3 to influence the material throwing and supporting effects, kinetic energy provided by a power mechanism is fully utilized to effectively throw materials, and the kinetic energy can be stably supported on a support to support the conveying belt 7 and garbage on the conveying belt 7; the bottom end face of the mounting beam 61 is provided with a buffer, in the embodiment, the buffer spring 64 is used as the buffer, and the arrangement of the buffer spring 64 can effectively reduce the impact force generated to the frame 3 when the carrier roller mounting frame 6 falls, so that the service life of the device is prolonged, and the noise is reduced; in this embodiment, the power mechanism includes a cam 8 located below the push rod 41, the cam 8 is fixedly disposed on the power input shaft 86, an end of the power input shaft 86 is in transmission connection with the motor through a transmission device, the cam 8 is driven by the power input shaft 86 to rotate, the cam 8 comprises a first arc wall 81 and a second arc wall 82, the first arc wall 81 and the second arc wall 82 are connected through a tangent line, as shown in fig. 8, when the first arc wall 81 abuts against the lower end of the push rod 41, the push rod 41 is pushed up and drives the carrier roller mounting frame 6 to move upwards, as shown in fig. 9, when the second arc wall 82 abuts against the lower end of the carrier roller 41, the carrier roller 41 returns to the initial position under the action of the gravity of the carrier roller mounting frame 6, the cam mechanism is adopted as the power mechanism, which is simple and reliable, the maintenance is convenient, the space below the conveying belt 7 can be fully utilized, so that the structure of the whole device is more compact and reasonable; the transmission device comprises a driving gear 83 fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the second motor, a transmission chain 85 meshed with the driving gear 83 and a driven gear 84 fixedly arranged at the end of a power input shaft 86, the number of the driven gears 84 is 7 in the embodiment, the driven gears are respectively matched with each cam 8 to act on each carrier roller mounting frame 6, the driven gears 84 are also meshed with the transmission chain 85, one motor can drive all the cams 8 to run through the matching of the driving gear 83, the driven gears 84 and the transmission chain 85, the synchronous movement and the abnormal movement of the carrier rollers 42 can be realized by changing the installation direction of the cams 8, energy is saved, and the operation and the control are convenient.
Install an external fan 9 on the frame 3 that is located the discharge end, external fan 9 can make rubbish catch the wind once more when falling from the discharge gate to improve the separation effect, the cover is equipped with fan housing 91 on the external fan 9, and the front end of fan housing 91 an organic whole forms flat mouth shape tuyere 92, tuyere 92's width is unanimous with the width of discharge gate, and tuyere 92's height is less than the discharge gate, and it is more concentrated to set up wind-force above, and enables the even catch the wind of the material that falls, thereby makes the material catch the wind better, reaches better separation effect.
The light material separation device disclosed in the embodiment has the working principle that the broken construction waste enters the sealing cover 2 from the feed hopper and falls on the feeding end of the conveyer belt 7, and the conveyer belt 7 drives the construction waste to advance to the discharging end under the transmission of the driving wheel 71; in the process of conveying construction waste, the second motor drives the driving gear 83 to operate, the driving gear 83 drives the driven gear 84 to operate through a driving belt of the transmission chain 85, the driven gear 84 drives the cam 8 to operate through the power input shaft 86, when the first arc wall 81 of the cam 8 abuts against the lower end of the ejector rod 41, the ejector rod 41 is jacked up and drives the carrier roller mounting frame 6 to move upwards, so that the carrier roller 42 moves upwards to act on the conveying belt 7 and throw up the waste on the conveying belt 7, when the second arc wall 82 abuts against the lower end of the ejector rod 41, the ejector rod 41 is restored to the initial position under the action of gravity of the carrier roller mounting frame 6, the waste is thrown up and falls down due to different mass and gravity, the falling speed and the movement track are different, and the waste can be primarily separated; the garbage can be thrown for many times in the whole conveying process, when the garbage reaches the built-in fans 22 close to the discharge end, various garbage is in a primary separation state and cannot be mixed together, gaps exist among various garbage and are in a loose state, the built-in fans 22 on two sides of the conveying belt 7 supply air to the garbage in the primary separation and dispersion states at the same time, different garbage can have different speeds under the action of wind power due to different qualities, so that different movement tracks are formed, the air inlet pipeline 21 is obliquely arranged on the sealing cover 2, when the garbage is subjected to wind, not only upward force is applied, but also forward advancing force is applied, the air inlet pipeline 21 is arranged close to the discharge end, the wind receiving state of the garbage continues to discharge, the garbage is subjected to the combined action of material throwing and wind blowing in the conveying process, different falling tracks are formed due to different qualities when the garbage falls from the discharge port to realize separation, the transportation, the throwing and the air supply are all carried out in the sealing cover 2, and the garbage is restrained in the sealing cover 2, so that the garbage is prevented from scattering around after being thrown and blown by the air, the dust pollution and the noise pollution are reduced, and the wind effect can be improved; when falling from the discharge port, the garbage is blown by the external fan 9 again, so that the sorting effect is better.
It is to be understood that in the claims, the specification of the present invention, all "including … …" are to be interpreted in an open-ended sense, i.e., in a sense equivalent to "including at least … …", and not in a closed sense, i.e., in a sense not to be interpreted as "including only … …". The terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. The terms "mounted," "connected," "fixed," and the like are to be construed broadly and may include, for example, fixed connections, detachable connections, or integral connections, as will be understood by those skilled in the art, and the specific meanings of the terms in the disclosure may be understood by those skilled in the art according to their specific situation. The terms "inner", "outer", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description, but do not indicate or imply that the devices referred to must have a specific orientation or positional relationship, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present application.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art should cover all the changes, modifications, additions and substitutions within the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The light material separation device is characterized by comprising an air supply mechanism for blowing air to a material and a material throwing mechanism for throwing the material, wherein the air supply mechanism comprises a sealing cover (2) covering and buckling the upper part of the material throwing mechanism and an air inlet pipeline (21) arranged on the sealing cover (2), and a wind source supplies wind power to the material through the air inlet pipeline (21).
2. The light material separating device according to claim 1, wherein the material throwing mechanism comprises a material loading assembly for loading materials and a top rod (41), the top rod (41) is vertically arranged on the material loading assembly, and the top rod (41) can move up and down under the action of the power mechanism and drives the material loading assembly to move up and down to realize material throwing.
3. A light garbage separating device according to claim 2, characterized in that the loading component comprises a conveyer belt (7) and a frame (3), two ends of the frame (3) are respectively provided with a driving wheel, the conveyer belt (7) is tensioned on the two driving wheels, and is driven by a driving wheel to operate, materials are conveyed from a feeding end to a discharging end, a plurality of carrier rollers (42) for supporting the conveying belt (7) and the materials are arranged below the conveying surface of the conveying belt (7), the carrier roller (42) is arranged perpendicular to the running direction of the conveying belt (7), supporting shafts at two ends of the carrier roller (42) are respectively provided with a mandril (41), the carrier roller (42) is arranged perpendicular to the mandril (41), and can move up and down under the driving of the ejector rod (41), and a hydraulic cylinder (5) for driving the ejector rod (41) to move up and down is arranged below the ejector rod (41).
4. The light material separating device according to claim 3, wherein mounting frames (31) are arranged on two sides of the conveying belt (7), guide grooves are formed in the mounting frames (31), and the ejector rods (41) can be vertically arranged in the guide grooves.
5. A light material separating device according to claim 3, characterized in that the ejector rod (41) comprises a mounting section (411) and a driven section (412), the mounting section (411) and the driven section (412) are two sections of cylinders coaxially arranged, the guide groove is a cylindrical groove body, the driven section (412) is mounted in the guide groove and moves up and down under the constraint of the guide groove, the lower end of the driven section protrudes out of the guide groove and is matched with the hydraulic cylinder (5), a boss is formed at the connecting part of the mounting section (411) and the driven section (412) and abuts against the mounting frame (31), and the supporting shaft of the carrier roller (42) is mounted on the mounting section (411).
6. The top rods (41) of claim 5 are distributed on two sides of the conveyer belt (7) in a pairwise symmetrical manner, and the upper end surfaces of the top rods (41) are higher than the upper surface of the conveyer belt (7).
7. The light material separating device according to claim 6, wherein the bottom ends of two side surfaces of the sealing cover (2) are bent inwards to form a bent portion (23), the bent portion (23) extends inwards and abuts against the side surface of the mounting frame (31), a plurality of sliding blocks (24) are arranged on the lower surface of the bent portion (23), a convex edge (32) is arranged on the upper end surface of the mounting frame (31), and a sliding groove matched with the sliding blocks (24) is formed in the upper surface of the convex edge (32).
8. A light material separating device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7, characterized in that the air inlet pipes (21) are symmetrically arranged on both sides of the sealing cover (2), and the air inlet pipes (21) are obliquely arranged on the sealing cover (2).
9. A light material separating device as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the air inlet ducts (21) are arranged in groups and spaced apart on the sealing cover (2).
10. A light weight material separating device according to claim 9, characterized in that the cross-sectional area of the sealing cover (2) is gradually larger in the direction of travel of the material.
CN201811413311.5A 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Light material separation device Pending CN111167716A (en)

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CN201811336246 2018-11-09
CN2018113362460 2018-11-09

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811413311.5A Pending CN111167716A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Light material separation device
CN201811411235.4A Pending CN111167714A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Building rubbish sorting system
CN201811411229.9A Pending CN111167713A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Garbage sorting and conveying device
CN201811411225.0A Pending CN111167712A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Garbage sorting and conveying equipment

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CN201811411235.4A Pending CN111167714A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Building rubbish sorting system
CN201811411229.9A Pending CN111167713A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Garbage sorting and conveying device
CN201811411225.0A Pending CN111167712A (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 Garbage sorting and conveying equipment

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CN (4) CN111167716A (en)
WO (4) WO2020094142A1 (en)

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WO2020094141A1 (en) 2020-05-14
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CN111167713A (en) 2020-05-19
CN111167712A (en) 2020-05-19
CN111167714A (en) 2020-05-19

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