CN111167607A - Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas - Google Patents

Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111167607A
CN111167607A CN202010028474.2A CN202010028474A CN111167607A CN 111167607 A CN111167607 A CN 111167607A CN 202010028474 A CN202010028474 A CN 202010028474A CN 111167607 A CN111167607 A CN 111167607A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
equipment shell
cross beams
cathode
white smoke
exhaust gas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010028474.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Chundu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Chundu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Chundu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Chundu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010028474.2A priority Critical patent/CN111167607A/en
Publication of CN111167607A publication Critical patent/CN111167607A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/40Electrode constructions
    • B03C3/41Ionising-electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/02Plant or installations having external electricity supply
    • B03C3/04Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type
    • B03C3/12Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type characterised by separation of ionising and collecting stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/66Applications of electricity supply techniques
    • B03C3/70Applications of electricity supply techniques insulating in electric separators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/86Electrode-carrying means

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas, which comprises an equipment shell (1), wherein a draught fan (2) is connected to the top of the equipment shell (1), an environment-friendly detection port (3) is formed in the side face of the equipment shell (1), a flow guide device (4) and an airflow distribution device (5) are connected to the lower portion of the equipment shell (1) from bottom to top, a blow-down valve (6) is connected to the bottom of the equipment shell (1), an air inlet (7) is formed in the side face of the bottom of the equipment shell (1), a high-efficiency trap (8) is connected to the equipment shell (1), a slot (9) is formed in the equipment shell (1) and positioned between the high-efficiency trap (8) and the airflow distribution device (5), and a cathode frame (10) is connected to the slot (9. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: simple structure, reasonable design and good elimination effect.

Description

Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of industrial exhaust gas treatment, in particular to a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas.
Background
In the production process of oil refining devices in the petrochemical industry, new alkali liquor is often needed to wash oil products such as liquid hydrocarbon, gasoline, diesel oil and the like, so that sodium-containing and sulfur-containing waste alkali liquor can be generated, the treatment difficulty of the waste alkali liquor is high, secondary pollution is easy to form, and the waste alkali liquor is treated by an incineration method. The burned flue gas has the temperature as high as 800-1000 ℃, contains corrosive substances, and is cooled by adopting methods such as quenching, water spraying and the like, so the generated flue gas usually contains a large amount of water vapor, the water content in the components of the flue gas can reach 60%, in addition, a water spraying link also exists in the treatment process of regenerated flue gas and the like generated by a fluidized catalytic cracking device, so the water content is very high, the flue gas has high water content, can be directly discharged into the atmosphere, can form concentrated white smoke, and can carry fine dust, mercury, chromium and other heavy metal pollutants, on one hand, the visual pollution of the white smoke is generated, on the other hand, the phenomena of trailing, chimney rain and the like of the flue gas are serious, and the great influence is generated on the surrounding environment.
At present, electrostatic dust collection, cloth bag dust collection, electric bag composite dust collection and wet dust collection are adopted for treating fine dust in flue gas, but each equipment is large in size, so that the equipment not only occupies a field, but also has higher investment on the whole system, and can operate only by being assisted by other auxiliary equipment, white flue gas emission is often seen in industries such as electric power, metallurgy, chemical industry and steel, and the main direction of energy conservation and environmental protection is to treat the white flue gas emission after desulfurization, and reduce environmental pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas, which utilizes a high-voltage electric field and an efficient collection facility to collect fog drops in white smoke, greatly reduces water vapor entrainment in smoke, eliminates the white smoke phenomenon and protects the atmospheric environment.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows: a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas comprises an equipment shell, wherein the top of the equipment shell is connected with an induced draft fan, the side surface of the equipment shell is provided with an environment-friendly detection port, the lower part of the equipment shell is connected with a flow guide device and an airflow distribution device from bottom to top, the bottom of the equipment shell is connected with a blow-down valve, the side surface of the bottom of the equipment shell is provided with an air inlet, the equipment shell is connected with a high-efficiency catcher, a slot is arranged between the high-efficiency catcher and the airflow distribution device on the equipment shell, a cathode frame is connected in the slot, a cathode line is inserted in the cathode frame, the cathode frame is positioned in the equipment shell, two ends of the cathode frame extend out of the equipment shell, and a supporting insulator is connected between the cathode frame and the equipment shell, and the cathode wire and the cathode frame are connected with an external power supply through a lead.
As an improvement, an air adjusting valve is arranged at the position of the air inlet on the equipment shell.
As an improvement, the cathode frame comprises four parallel beams and two parallel longitudinal beams, wherein the two beams are positioned on the outer side of the equipment shell and are outer beams, the other two beams are positioned in the equipment shell and are inner beams, the outer beams are connected with the inner beams through the longitudinal beams, two ends of the cathode wire are installed between the two inner beams through bolts, tensioning springs are connected between the bolts and the inner beams, one end of each supporting insulator is fixed with the outer beams, and the other end of each supporting insulator is fixed with the equipment shell.
After adopting the structure, the invention has the following advantages: compared with the traditional dust remover in which the polar plates are arranged inside to carry out charged ionization on dust, the dust remover cancels the polar plates, adopts a brand new cathode arrangement mode, greatly reduces the height and the weight of equipment, has excellent economic performance, and greatly improves the water vapor collection efficiency due to the arrangement of a high-efficiency trap.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a side view of a method of eliminating white smoke pollution of an industrial exhaust gas according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a top view of a method of eliminating white smoke pollution from industrial exhaust according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a cathode line in a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic connection diagram of cathode lines in a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas according to the invention.
As shown in the figure: 1. the device comprises a device shell, 2, an induced draft fan, 3, an environment-friendly detection port, 4, a flow guide device, 5, an airflow distribution device, 6, a blow-down valve, 7, an air inlet, 8, a high-efficiency trap, 9, a slot, 10, a cathode frame, 11, a cathode wire, 12, a supporting insulator, 13, a power supply, 14, an air adjusting valve, 15, a cross beam, 16, a longitudinal beam, 17 and a tensioning spring.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "center", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation configuration and operation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be further noted that, unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "provided", "mounted", "connected", and the like are used in a broad sense and are intended to be inclusive, e.g., that they may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, mechanically connected, electrically connected, directly connected, indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, or intercommunicated between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
With reference to the accompanying drawings 1-5, a method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas comprises an equipment shell 1, wherein a draught fan 2 is connected to the top of the equipment shell 1, an environment-friendly detection port 3 is arranged on the side surface of the equipment shell 1, a flow guide device 4 and an airflow distribution device 5 are connected to the lower portion of the equipment shell 1 from bottom to top, a blow-down valve 6 is connected to the bottom of the equipment shell 1, an air inlet 7 is arranged on the side surface of the bottom of the equipment shell 1, a high-efficiency catcher 8 is connected to the equipment shell 1, a slot 9 is arranged between the high-efficiency catcher 8 and the airflow distribution device 5 on the equipment shell 1, a cathode frame 10 is connected to the slot 9, a cathode line 11 is inserted into the cathode frame 10, the cathode frame 10 is arranged in the equipment shell 1, two ends of the cathode frame 10 extend out of the equipment shell 1, and a support insulator 12 is, the cathode line 11 and the cathode frame 10 are connected to an external power source 13 through a wire.
The utility model discloses a cathode structure of a gas turbine generator, including equipment casing 1, be equipped with air regulation valve 14 on the position of lieing in air intake 6 on the equipment casing 1, cathode frame 10 includes four parallel arrangement's crossbeam 15 and two parallel arrangement's longeron 16, and wherein two crossbeams 15 are located the outside of equipment casing 1 and are outer crossbeam, and two other crossbeams 15 are located the inside of equipment casing 1 and are the inner beam, are connected through longeron 16 between outer crossbeam and the inner beam, the both ends of negative pole line 11 are passed through the bolt and are installed between two inner beams, and are connected between bolt and the inner beam and are equipped with tensioning spring 17, the one end of support insulator 12 is fixed with the outer.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: white smoke enters from an air inlet, passes through a flow guide device and an air flow distribution device after passing through an air adjusting valve, passes through a cathode line at a constant speed, is quickly and efficiently collected by a high-efficiency catcher, is discharged into the atmosphere outside an induced draft fan, passes through a cathode line at a constant speed, is charged and is supported by a cathode frame supporting the cathode line, the cathode frame is isolated from an equipment shell by a supporting insulator when being insulated, the cathode line and the cathode frame are provided with 72KV high voltage and are conveyed by a power supply through a wire, the collected white smoke is discharged with vapor, particles and impurities through a blow-down valve, and supporting legs are connected and arranged at the bottom of the equipment shell to support the equipment shell and the like.
When the white smoke concentration is higher, the flow of smoke gas entering the device can be adjusted through the air regulating valve, or the output power of the power supply can be adjusted, the cross arrangement structure of the polar plates and the limit of the traditional dust remover is changed, the white smoke is charged firstly and then ionized, the charged voltage and current of dust cannot be influenced due to the distance error between the anode and the cathode, namely, the discharge intensity of an electric field cannot be influenced, the white smoke and the dust in the smoke gas are charged after the white smoke passes through the electric field, and the aerosol in the smoke gas is damaged by changing the wind speed of the electric field, the charged intensity of the electric field and the contact time of the smoke gas and the efficient trap, so.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, and the description is not intended to be limiting, and the drawings are only one embodiment of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, devise similar structural modes and embodiments without inventively designing them, and shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. A method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas is characterized by comprising the following steps: comprises an equipment shell (1), a draught fan (2) is connected and arranged at the top of the equipment shell (1), an environment-friendly detection port (3) is arranged on the side of the equipment shell (1), a flow guide device (4) and an airflow distribution device (5) are connected and arranged at the lower part of the equipment shell (1) from bottom to top, a blow-down valve (6) is connected and arranged at the bottom of the equipment shell (1), an air inlet (7) is arranged at the side of the bottom of the equipment shell (1), a high-efficiency catcher (8) is connected and arranged on the equipment shell (1), a slot (9) is arranged between the high-efficiency catcher (8) and the airflow distribution device (5) on the equipment shell (1), a cathode frame (10) is connected and arranged in the slot (9), a cathode line (11) is arranged on the cathode frame (10) in an alternating manner, the cathode frame (10) is arranged in the equipment, and a supporting insulator (12) is connected between the cathode frame (10) and the equipment shell (1), and the cathode wire (11) and the cathode frame (10) are connected with an external power supply (13) through a lead.
2. The method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: an air adjusting valve (14) is arranged at the position of the air inlet (6) on the equipment shell (1).
3. The method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the cathode frame (10) comprises four parallel cross beams (15) and two parallel longitudinal beams (16), wherein the two cross beams (15) are located on the outer side of the equipment shell (1) and are outer cross beams, the other two cross beams (15) are located inside the equipment shell (1) and are inner cross beams, the outer cross beams are connected with the inner cross beams through the longitudinal beams (16), the two ends of a cathode wire (11) are installed between the two inner cross beams through bolts, tensioning springs (17) are connected between the bolts and the inner cross beams, one end of each supporting insulator (12) is fixed to the outer cross beams, and the other end of each supporting insulator is fixed to the equipment shell (1).
CN202010028474.2A 2020-01-11 2020-01-11 Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas Pending CN111167607A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010028474.2A CN111167607A (en) 2020-01-11 2020-01-11 Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010028474.2A CN111167607A (en) 2020-01-11 2020-01-11 Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111167607A true CN111167607A (en) 2020-05-19

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ID=70650994

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010028474.2A Pending CN111167607A (en) 2020-01-11 2020-01-11 Method for eliminating white smoke pollution of industrial exhaust gas

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111167607A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103480272A (en) * 2013-10-01 2014-01-01 王脯胜 Dust-removing, denitration and desulfurization process and device for flue gas of glass kiln
CN107282306A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-10-24 江苏垦乐节能环保科技有限公司 A kind of device for eliminating the white smoke emissioning pollution of desulfurization
CN207170016U (en) * 2017-07-15 2018-04-03 江苏垦乐节能环保科技有限公司 A kind of device for eliminating desulfurization white smoke emissioning pollution

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103480272A (en) * 2013-10-01 2014-01-01 王脯胜 Dust-removing, denitration and desulfurization process and device for flue gas of glass kiln
CN107282306A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-10-24 江苏垦乐节能环保科技有限公司 A kind of device for eliminating the white smoke emissioning pollution of desulfurization
CN207170016U (en) * 2017-07-15 2018-04-03 江苏垦乐节能环保科技有限公司 A kind of device for eliminating desulfurization white smoke emissioning pollution

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