CN111161610A - Biochemical reaction flow demonstration device - Google Patents

Biochemical reaction flow demonstration device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111161610A
CN111161610A CN202010022528.4A CN202010022528A CN111161610A CN 111161610 A CN111161610 A CN 111161610A CN 202010022528 A CN202010022528 A CN 202010022528A CN 111161610 A CN111161610 A CN 111161610A
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biochemical reaction
biochemical
reaction process
slots
building block
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杨留才
杨雅
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Jiangsu Vocational College of Medicine
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Jiangsu Vocational College of Medicine
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B23/00Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B23/24Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes for chemistry

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Abstract

The invention discloses a biochemical reaction flow demonstration device, relating to the technical field of teaching aids, comprising: the plug board is provided with a plurality of slots with different shapes, and biochemical reaction process marks are arranged among the slots on the upper surface of the plug board; the building blocks of different types are respectively matched with the slots of different shapes, and biochemical markers are arranged on the surfaces of the building blocks of different types; the building blocks of different types can be placed in the slots of different shapes, so that the biochemical identification and the biochemical reaction flow identification form a complete biochemical reaction flow; the device utilizes the building blocks with biochemical identification and the plug boards with biochemical reaction process identification to cooperate with visual biochemical reaction process with complex reaction, thereby facilitating the explanation of teachers and the understanding and memory of students.

Description

Biochemical reaction flow demonstration device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of teaching aids, and particularly relates to a biochemical reaction flow demonstration device.
Background
The teaching aid is a teaching aid for the purposes of propagating science and technology and implementing teaching, is a scientific and technological medium, and is an indispensable device in teaching processes and scientific and technological activities. The teaching aid has the characteristics of intuition, practicality, typicality and the like.
Complex biochemical reactions are frequently encountered in the biochemical teaching, the teacher's explanation difficulty and the student's understanding difficulty are both very large, and the teacher needs to explain with the help of intuitive teaching aids to help the student to better understand the complex biochemical reaction process. For example: the ornithine cycle is a clinical, inspection, pharmaceutical and other medicineAn important metabolic process in its related profession is NH in vivo3The metabolic process of (2) is also a process for relieving ammonia toxicity. Through ornithine cycle, toxic ammonia gas can be converted into non-toxic urea to be excreted with urine. However, the circulation process of ornithine is complex, so that teachers are difficult to explain and students are difficult to understand and remember.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a biochemical reaction flow demonstration device aiming at the problems of complex biochemical reactions, high teacher explanation difficulty and high student understanding difficulty in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a biochemical reaction process demonstration apparatus, comprising:
the plug board is provided with a plurality of slots with different shapes, and biochemical reaction process marks are arranged among the slots on the upper surface of the plug board;
the building blocks of different types are respectively matched with the slots of different shapes, and biochemical markers are arranged on the surfaces of the building blocks of different types;
the building blocks of different types can be placed in the slots of different shapes, so that the biochemical identification and the biochemical reaction process identification form a complete biochemical reaction process.
Optionally, the biochemical reaction process mark comprises an indication mark, a character mark, a wire frame mark and a chemical formula mark.
Optionally, the height dimension of the building block is greater than the depth dimension of the slot.
Optionally, the cross-sectional shapes of the plurality of different kinds of bricks include circular, square, diamond, and rectangular.
Optionally, the biochemical marker comprises a chemical formula marker, a character marker and a symbol marker.
Optionally, the biochemical markers are provided in different colors.
Optionally, the insert plate is a rectangular parallelepiped.
Optionally, the material of the insert plate is plastic.
Optionally, the building block material is plastic.
Optionally, the biochemical reaction procedure markers are set in different colors.
The invention provides a biochemical reaction flow demonstration device, which has the beneficial effects that: the device can visually express the biochemical reaction process, is practical and vivid, and is beneficial to the explanation of teachers and the understanding and memory of students; the device can excite the learning interest of students, highlight the teaching key, break through the difficult points of teaching, optimize the classroom teaching structure and improve the teaching quality and the teaching efficiency.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the detailed description which follows.
Drawings
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in more detail exemplary embodiments thereof with reference to the attached drawings, in which like reference numerals generally represent like parts throughout.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an insert plate of a biochemical reaction flow demonstrating device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a building block of a biochemical reaction flow demonstration apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. inserting plates; 2. a slot; 3. a first building block; 4. a second building block; 5. a third building block; 6. a fourth building block; 7. a fifth building block; 8. a sixth building block; 9. a seventh block; 10. biochemical identification; 11. an indication mark; 12. character identification; 13. a wire frame mark; 14. and (5) identifying a chemical formula.
Detailed Description
Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail below. While the following describes preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be understood that the present invention may be embodied in various forms and should not be limited by the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.
The invention provides a biochemical reaction process demonstration device, comprising:
the plug board is provided with a plurality of slots with different shapes, and biochemical reaction process marks are arranged among the slots on the upper surface of the plug board;
the building blocks of different types are respectively matched with the slots of different shapes, and biochemical markers are arranged on the surfaces of the building blocks of different types;
the building blocks of different types can be placed in the slots of different shapes, so that the biochemical identification and the biochemical reaction process identification form a complete biochemical reaction process.
Specifically, different biochemical markers arranged on the surfaces of various building blocks can respectively represent different chemical elements or chemical formulas, and complex biochemical reaction flows can be intuitively demonstrated by matching the building blocks with the slots on the plug boards and the biochemical reaction flow markers on the surfaces of the plug boards; and carry out the operation that building blocks inserted the slot through biochemical reaction's certain order, audio-visual demonstration shows biochemical reaction's emergence process for teacher's explanation is more vivid, and student's understanding and memory are easier, improve teaching quality and efficiency.
In one example, the biochemical reaction flow identification includes an indicator identification, a text identification, a wire frame identification, and a chemical formula identification.
Specifically, different biochemical reaction process identifications compounding biochemical reactions to be demonstrated can be set according to different biochemical reaction processes, the indication identifications can be arrows and used for indicating reaction directions, the arrows can point to reaction products, the wire frame identifications can divide the generation position areas of the biochemical reactions or frame different reaction stages of the biochemical reactions, and the chemical formula identifications and the character identifications can visually indicate the meanings represented by the chemical formula identifications and the character identifications or mark the meanings represented by the indication identifications and the wire frame identifications.
In one example, the height dimension of the block is greater than the depth dimension of the slot.
Specifically, the height dimension of building blocks is greater than the depth dimension of slot, can be so that building blocks when inserting in the slot upper end part expose in the slot upside, makes things convenient for taking out once more of building blocks, makes things convenient for repetitious usage.
In one example, the cross-sectional shapes of the plurality of different kinds of bricks include circular, square, diamond, and rectangular.
Specifically, different chemical elements or chemical formulas in different biochemical reactions can be better distinguished by using a plurality of building blocks with different cross-sectional shapes, so that the viewing effect is more visual and obvious.
In one example, the biochemical markers include chemical markers, textual markers, and symbolic markers.
Specifically, the chemical formula identification on the building block can represent the chemical formula represented by the building block, the character identification on the building block can represent the meaning represented by the building block, and the symbol identification on the building block can represent important symbols on the building block, so that the memory is enhanced.
In one example, the biochemical markers are set in different colors.
Specifically, the biochemical markers with different colors can clearly distinguish the types of the biochemical markers on different building blocks, so that the watching and memorizing effects are better.
In one example, the insert plate is a rectangular parallelepiped.
In other examples, the board may also be square or other shapes that facilitate placement and display of the board.
In one example, the material of the insert plate is plastic.
In other examples, the material of the insert plate can also be a light material such as wood, rubber or organic glass.
In one example, the material of the blocks is plastic.
In other examples, the material of the building blocks can also be light materials such as wood, rubber or organic glass.
In one example, the biochemical reaction flow indicators are set to different colors.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a biochemical reaction process demonstration apparatus, comprising:
the plug board comprises a plug board 1, wherein a plurality of slots 2 in different shapes are formed in the plug board 1, and biochemical reaction process marks are arranged among the slots 2 on the upper surface of the plug board 1;
7 different types of building blocks, wherein the 7 different types of building blocks are sequentially a first building block 3 to a seventh building block 9, the 7 different types of building blocks are respectively matched with the slots 2 in different shapes, and biochemical markers 10 are arranged on the surfaces of the 7 different types of building blocks;
the 7 different types of building blocks can be placed in the slots 2 with different shapes, so that the biochemical markers 10 and the biochemical reaction process markers form a complete ornithine cycle process.
In this embodiment, the biochemical reaction process mark includes an indication mark 11, a character mark 12, a wire frame mark 13, and a chemical formula mark 14.
In this embodiment, the height dimension of the block is greater than the depth dimension of the socket 2.
In this embodiment, the cross-sectional shapes of the 7 different types of bricks include circular, square, diamond and rectangular; the cross-sectional shapes of the first building block 3, the second building block 4, the fourth building block 6 and the fifth building block 7 are circular, the cross-sectional shape of the third building block 5 is square, the cross-sectional shape of the sixth building block 8 is rhombic, and the cross-sectional shape of the seventh building block 7 is rectangular.
In this embodiment, the biochemical marker 10 includes a chemical formula marker, a character marker and a symbol marker; wherein the first building block 3 is marked with' NH3", the firstTwo building blocks 4 are marked with' CO2", the third building block 5 is marked with ornithine, and the fourth building block 6 is marked with NH2", the fifth building block 7 is marked with
Figure BDA0002361311410000061
The sixth building block 8 is marked with
Figure BDA0002361311410000062
The seventh building block 9 is marked with
Figure BDA0002361311410000063
In this embodiment, the biochemical markers are set to different colors; the biochemical markers on the first building block 3, the fourth building block 6 and the sixth building block 8 are black, the biochemical markers on the second building block 4 and the fifth building block 7 are red, the biochemical markers on the third building block 5 are blue, and the biochemical markers on the seventh building block 9 are yellow.
In the present embodiment, the insert plate 1 is a rectangular parallelepiped.
In the present embodiment, the material of the insert plate 1 is plastic.
In this embodiment, the building material is plastic.
In this embodiment, the biochemical reaction process indicators are set in different colors.
In summary, when the biochemical reaction flow demonstration device provided by the invention is used, the insertion plate 1 is taken out first, and the oval-shaped wire frame mark 13 on the insertion plate 1 represents mitochondria by referring to the oval-shaped wire frame mark 13 and the character mark 12 on the insertion plate 1. In the mitochondria, the first building block 3 and the second building block 4 are inserted into the two circular slots 2 at the top in turn, and then the fourth building block 6, the fifth building block 7 and the sixth building block 8 are inserted into the slots 2 of the second row from the top in turn, which is NH for the viewer's explanation3And CO2Condensing to obtain carbamyl phosphoric acid. Inserting a third building block 5 into the square slot 2 at one side of the rhombic slot 2, sequentially inserting a fourth building block 6, a fifth building block 7 and another third building block 5 into the slot 2 at the third row, and explaining for the viewer, ornithine and aminomethylThe condensation of the acylphosphoric acid forms citrulline.
Inserting a seventh building block 9 into a rectangular slot 2 below the mitochondrial elliptic wireframe mark 13, and then sequentially inserting a fourth building block 6, a fifth building block 7, a third building block 5 and a seventh building block 9 into two circular slots 2, one square slot 2 and one rectangular slot 2 below the seventh building block 9, wherein aspartic acid and citrulline are condensed to form arginine-substituted succinic acid for the explanation of a viewer. A fourth building block 6, a fifth building block 7 and a third building block 5 are sequentially inserted into the bottom row of slots 2, and arginine is cracked into arginine instead of succinic acid for the explanation of a viewer; a third brick 5 is inserted into the square socket 2 on the side of the lowermost row of sockets 2, to indicate to the viewer that arginine is broken to ornithine, while the remaining part is hydrolysed to urea. Therefore, through the demonstration of the device, students can intuitively and clearly understand the three-time condensation and the two-time cracking in the ornithine cycle process and the source of each atom of the final product urea, so that the teaching quality and the teaching efficiency are improved.
Having described embodiments of the present invention, the foregoing description is intended to be exemplary, not exhaustive, and not limited to the embodiments disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the described embodiments.

Claims (10)

1. A biochemical reaction process demonstration device is characterized by comprising:
the plug board is provided with a plurality of slots with different shapes, and biochemical reaction process marks are arranged among the slots on the upper surface of the plug board;
the building blocks of different types are respectively matched with the slots of different shapes, and biochemical markers are arranged on the surfaces of the building blocks of different types;
the building blocks of different types can be placed in the slots of different shapes, so that the biochemical identification and the biochemical reaction process identification form a complete biochemical reaction process.
2. The biochemical reaction procedure demonstration device according to claim 1, wherein the biochemical reaction procedure marks comprise indication marks, character marks, wire frame marks and chemical formula marks.
3. The biochemical reaction procedure demonstration device according to claim 1, wherein the height dimension of the block is larger than the depth dimension of the slot.
4. The biochemical reaction procedure demonstration device according to claim 1, wherein the cross-sectional shapes of the plurality of different kinds of bricks include a circle, a square, a diamond, and a rectangle.
5. The biochemical reaction process demonstration device according to claim 1, wherein the biochemical markers comprise chemical, textual and symbolic markers.
6. The biochemical reaction procedure demonstration device according to claim 1, wherein the biochemical markers are set in different colors.
7. The biochemical reaction process demonstrating device according to claim 1, wherein said insert plate is a rectangular parallelepiped.
8. The biochemical reaction process demonstrating device according to claim 1, wherein the insert plate is made of plastic.
9. The biochemical reaction process demonstrating device according to claim 1, wherein said building block material is plastic.
10. The biochemical reaction procedure demonstration device according to claim 2, wherein the biochemical reaction procedure indications are provided in different colors.
CN202010022528.4A 2020-01-09 2020-01-09 Biochemical reaction flow demonstration device Pending CN111161610A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6264522B1 (en) * 1999-12-07 2001-07-24 Marilyn M. Dickson Construction system
JP2006145928A (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-06-08 Olympus Corp Optical block and optical block system
CN105536241A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 宁波同舟文化传媒有限公司 Educational mathematical space chess
CN205672559U (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 陈淼 A kind of wooden shape pairing block toy
CN205995021U (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-03-08 湖北工程学院 Multifunctional jigsaw plate
CN206741804U (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-12-12 孔祥辰 A kind of chemical reaction demonstration plate
CN208985498U (en) * 2018-09-02 2019-06-14 张诗笛 A kind of chemistry learning auxiliary device
CN209108618U (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-07-16 广东工业大学 A kind of intelligent toy based on chemical education
CN209199362U (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-08-02 湖南工业大学 A kind of Multifunctional jigsaw formula musicology teaching toy

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6264522B1 (en) * 1999-12-07 2001-07-24 Marilyn M. Dickson Construction system
JP2006145928A (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-06-08 Olympus Corp Optical block and optical block system
CN105536241A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 宁波同舟文化传媒有限公司 Educational mathematical space chess
CN205995021U (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-03-08 湖北工程学院 Multifunctional jigsaw plate
CN205672559U (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 陈淼 A kind of wooden shape pairing block toy
CN206741804U (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-12-12 孔祥辰 A kind of chemical reaction demonstration plate
CN209199362U (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-08-02 湖南工业大学 A kind of Multifunctional jigsaw formula musicology teaching toy
CN208985498U (en) * 2018-09-02 2019-06-14 张诗笛 A kind of chemistry learning auxiliary device
CN209108618U (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-07-16 广东工业大学 A kind of intelligent toy based on chemical education

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
吴晓丹主编: "《蒙台梭利教育思想与方法 第2版》", 30 April 2018 *

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Application publication date: 20200515