CN111106792A - Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device - Google Patents

Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111106792A
CN111106792A CN201811264992.3A CN201811264992A CN111106792A CN 111106792 A CN111106792 A CN 111106792A CN 201811264992 A CN201811264992 A CN 201811264992A CN 111106792 A CN111106792 A CN 111106792A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
blade
power generation
base
branches
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Pending
Application number
CN201811264992.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张�林
彭成美
李霖
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Shandong Jiaotong University
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Shandong Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201811264992.3A priority Critical patent/CN111106792A/en
Publication of CN111106792A publication Critical patent/CN111106792A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/20Systems characterised by their energy storage means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

An adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device comprises a base, a support, a blade handle and a photovoltaic blade; the support is of a tree-shaped structure and comprises a trunk and branches, the trunk is fixedly arranged on the base, and the branches are fixedly arranged on the trunk; the blade handle is two pairs of components, one end is connected with the branch through a first rotating pair, the other end is connected with the photovoltaic blade through a second rotating pair, and the photovoltaic blade can face the sun all the time through posture adjustment through the design that the rotating axis of the first rotating pair is perpendicular to the rotating axis of the second rotating pair. The upper surface of the base is provided with a wireless charging device, and the trunk or the branches are provided with a wireless communication and lighting device. The bionic photovoltaic power generation device with the adjustable blade type has the advantages that the photovoltaic blades are distributed in a three-dimensional mode, the appearance is attractive, the wind resistance is high, the photovoltaic panel can be adjusted to be opposite to sunlight through the unique blade handle design, and the photoelectric conversion efficiency is greatly improved. The power generation device can make full use of the fragment time to enable the mobile equipment staying on the upper surface of the base to be close to full power.

Description

Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ecological bionic photovoltaic power generation systems, in particular to an adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device.
Background
With the gradual depletion of fossil fuels and the increasing global warming problem, solar energy becomes more and more important as a renewable energy source, and photovoltaic power generation is widely used as the most effective way to utilize solar energy. Photovoltaic power generation device mainly realizes photoelectric conversion through the photovoltaic board, and the power generation system is incorporated into the power networks in suburb photovoltaic power generation field and rural area commonly, and photovoltaic power generation is applied to road illumination more under the urban environment, and present most photovoltaic power generation device simple structure, photovoltaic board are many to pass through frame construction and install on the coplanar, and area is great relatively, and the appearance is pleasing to the eye, and photoelectric conversion efficiency is low. In order to further expand the applicable scene of photovoltaic power generation and enable the photovoltaic power generation device to have more ornamental value, domestic and foreign companies and organizations have provided an ecological bionic photovoltaic power generation system, and the system combines the photovoltaic power generation system with various bionic trees to form a multipurpose power generation device with various functional combinations.
In the field of ecological bionic photovoltaic power generation systems, the most representative works are solar trees (eTrees) developed and released by Sologic corporation in Israel, and photovoltaic trees released by scientific and technological engineering GmbH of the eleventh design research institute of electronics in the domestic information industry. The solar tree (eTree) is composed of a main trunk, branches and a plurality of photovoltaic panels, can provide power charging, free Wi-Fi and cold water, and the photovoltaic panels are located in different planes, so that the solar tree is high in wind-digging capacity and has high power generation efficiency; the photovoltaic tree mainly comprises a bionic trunk and a large photovoltaic panel array arranged on the crown, the photovoltaic panel array is horizontally arranged, and the photovoltaic tree has a certain difference compared with a solar tree (eTree) in the aspects of wind resistance, attractiveness, photoelectric conversion efficiency and the like although the photovoltaic tree is simple in structure.
Although ecological bionic photovoltaic power generation systems have achieved certain results in recent two years, no matter a solar tree (eTree) or a photovoltaic tree, the spatial pose of blades cannot be adjusted after the system is operated, so that a photovoltaic panel installed on the bionic tree cannot receive sunlight at an optimal angle through posture adjustment, and further optimal power generation efficiency cannot be achieved. How to provide a rotatable arborescent photovoltaic power generation device of trunk, make it not only have better anti-wind ability, but also every photovoltaic blade all can just to the sunlight through the attitude adjustment, makes the photovoltaic board have best photoelectric conversion efficiency, has become an engineering problem that needs to solve urgently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device based on the modern mechanistic principle, which not only has a tree-shaped appearance and strong wind resistance, but also can be used for adjusting each photovoltaic blade to be opposite to sunlight through posture so that the photovoltaic power generation device has better photoelectric conversion efficiency.
The invention achieves the above purpose by the following technical scheme:
an adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device comprises a base, a support, a blade handle and a photovoltaic blade; the bracket is fixedly arranged on the base; the blade handle is a component comprising two rotating pairs, one end of the blade handle is connected with the bracket through a first rotating pair, the other end of the blade handle is connected with the photovoltaic blade through a second rotating pair, and the rotating axis of the first rotating pair on the blade handle is vertical to the rotating axis of the second rotating pair; the support is of a tree-shaped structure and comprises a trunk and branches, the support is fixedly arranged on the base through the trunk, and the branches are fixedly arranged on the trunk; the petioles are arranged on the branches of the bracket through a first revolute pair; in order to facilitate the installation of the blade stems on the branches and increase the aesthetic property, the rotation axis of the first rotating pair is inclined rather than vertical to the horizontal plane, when the base is fixed on the horizontal plane, the photovoltaic blade can realize two-degree-of-freedom posture adjustment through the blade stems, so that the photovoltaic blade is vertical to the incident angle of the sun and further receives the sunlight at the optimal angle, and compared with a solar tree and a photovoltaic tree, the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device greatly improves the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic blade; in addition, the support adopts a tree-shaped structure, and the photovoltaic blades are arranged on the branches through the blade handles, so that the photovoltaic blades of the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device are arranged in a three-dimensional shape, the light receiving area of the photovoltaic blades is greatly increased, and the power generation power of the photovoltaic blades is further increased. In addition, due to the scattered arrangement of the photovoltaic blades, compared with a photovoltaic tree and the existing photovoltaic day-by-day device, the photovoltaic tree has better wind resistance.
The first rotating pair and the second rotating pair on the blade handle are both driving pairs and are driven by a stepping motor system arranged at a rotating joint.
The number of the branches, the leaf stalks and the photovoltaic blades is not less than 2.
The base is fixedly provided with an energy storage device, a controller and a universal serial interface, and the upper surface of the base is fixedly provided with a wireless charging device; a wireless communication device is fixedly arranged at the end part of the trunk; and the branches are fixedly provided with lighting devices.
The universal serial interface supports a universal serial bus standard, the controller is provided with a charging circuit and a discharging circuit, and the current output end of the photovoltaic blade is connected with the current input end of the charging circuit of the controller; the controller charging circuit current output end is connected with the energy storage device current input end, the energy storage device current output end is connected with the controller discharging circuit current input end, and the controller discharging circuit current output end is connected with the stepping motor system, the wireless communication device, the wireless charging device, the lighting device and the universal serial interface direct current input end respectively.
The adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device can be arranged in an outdoor square to realize sun shading power generation, is attractive in appearance, can be used as a landscape lamp, can charge mobile equipment carried by pedestrians, and provides wireless network service; this kind of bionical photovoltaic power generation device of adjustable vane type also can place in the bedroom windowsill through miniaturized design, not only can improve bedroom wireless signal intensity, and the photoelectric conversion of higher efficiency is realized to the weak sunshine of accessible moreover, and the ability make full use of piece time makes the mobile device that stops on this power generation facility base upper surface wireless charging device be close to full electricity.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the outstanding advantages that:
1. compare current solar energy tree and photovoltaic tree, this kind of bionical photovoltaic power generation device of adjustable blade formula adopts the petiole design, and through the petiole structure, the two degree of freedom attitude adjustment can be realized to the photovoltaic blade, guarantees that every photovoltaic blade all can be perpendicular with incident light, and then has improved this photovoltaic power generation device's photoelectric conversion efficiency by a wide margin.
2. The support of the bionic photovoltaic power generation device with the adjustable blade type adopts a tree-shaped structure, the appearance is attractive, the wind resistance of the bionic photovoltaic power generation device is effectively improved, and the photovoltaic blades are arranged on the blade handles in a three-dimensional mode in bulk, so that the light receiving area of the photovoltaic blades is greatly increased, and the power generation power of the photovoltaic blades is further increased.
3. The bionic photovoltaic power generation device with the adjustable blade type is wide in application range, can be placed on a window sill of a bedroom, can improve the wireless signal intensity of the bedroom, can realize high-efficiency photoelectric conversion through weak sunlight, can fully utilize fragment time, and enables mobile equipment staying on the upper surface of a base of the power generation device to be close to full power.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device bracket of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the petiole of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the connection of the petiole and the photovoltaic blade of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the bracket and the petiole of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device of the invention day by day.
FIG. 7 is a main circuit block diagram of the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is further illustrated by the accompanying drawings and examples.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, an adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device comprises a base 1, a support 17, a blade handle 4 and photovoltaic blades 7; the bracket is fixedly arranged on the base; the blade handle 4 is a component comprising two revolute pairs, one end of the blade handle is connected with the bracket 17 through the first revolute pair 5, the other end of the blade handle is connected with the photovoltaic blade 7 through the second revolute pair 6, and the rotary axis of the first revolute pair 5 on the blade handle 4 is vertical to that of the second revolute pair 6; the support 17 is of a tree structure and comprises a trunk 2 and branches 3, the support 17 is fixedly arranged on the base 1 through the trunk 2, and the branches 3 are fixedly arranged on the trunk 2; the leaf stalks 4 are arranged on the branches 3 of the bracket 17 through a first revolute pair 5; in order to facilitate the installation of the blade handles 4 on the branches 3 and increase the aesthetic property, the rotation axis of the first rotating pair 5 is inclined rather than vertical to the horizontal plane, when the base 1 is fixed on the horizontal plane, the photovoltaic blade 7 can realize two-degree-of-freedom posture adjustment through the blade handles 4, so that the posture adjustment is vertical to the incident angle of the sun and the sunlight is received at the optimal angle, and compared with a solar tree and a photovoltaic tree, the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device greatly improves the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic blade 7; in addition, the support adopts a tree-shaped structure, and the photovoltaic blades 7 are arranged on the branches 3 through the blade handles 4, so that the photovoltaic blades 7 of the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device are arranged in a three-dimensional shape, the light receiving area of the photovoltaic blades 7 is greatly increased, and the power generation power of the photovoltaic blades 7 is further increased. In addition, due to the scattered arrangement of the photovoltaic blades 7, the solar photovoltaic solar.
Referring to fig. 4, the first revolute pair 5 and the second revolute pair 6 on the petiole 4 are both driving pairs and are both driven by a stepping motor system installed at a revolute joint.
Referring to fig. 5, 4 branches (3, 13, 14, 15) are fixedly installed on the trunk 2, 2 petioles (4, 16) are installed on each branch, and 1 photovoltaic blade 7 is installed on each petiole.
Referring to fig. 1, an energy storage device 11, a controller, and a universal serial interface 10 are fixedly mounted on the base 1, and a wireless charging device 12 is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the base 1; a wireless communication device 8 is fixedly arranged at the end part of the trunk 2; and the illumination device 9 is fixedly arranged on the branch 3.
Referring to fig. 1, 6 and 7, the universal serial interface 10 supports the universal serial bus standard, the controller is provided with a charging circuit and a discharging circuit, and the current output end of the photovoltaic blade 7 is connected with the current input end of the charging circuit of the controller; the controller charging circuit current output end is connected with the energy storage device 11 current input end, the energy storage device 11 current output end is connected with the controller discharging circuit current input end, and the controller discharging circuit current output end is connected with the stepping motor system, the wireless communication device, the wireless charging device, the lighting device 9 and the universal serial interface 10 direct current input end respectively.
Referring to fig. 6, the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device can be arranged in an outdoor square to realize sunshade power generation, the number of the branches 3, the blade handles 4 and the photovoltaic blades 7 can be increased or decreased according to needs, and the adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device not only has beautiful appearance and can be used as a landscape lamp, but also can charge mobile equipment carried by pedestrians and provide wireless network service; this kind of bionical photovoltaic power generation device of adjustable vane type also can place in the bedroom windowsill through miniaturized design, not only can improve bedroom wireless signal intensity, and the photoelectric conversion of higher efficiency is realized to the weak sunshine of accessible moreover, and the piece time of ability make full use of makes the mobile device that stops on this power generation facility base upper surface wireless charging device 12 be close to full electricity.

Claims (3)

1. An adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device is characterized by comprising a base, a support, a blade handle and photovoltaic blades; the photovoltaic blade support is characterized in that the support is fixedly installed on the base, the blade handle is a component comprising two revolute pairs, one end of the blade handle is connected with the support through a first revolute pair, the other end of the blade handle is connected with the photovoltaic blade through a second revolute pair, the rotary axis of the first revolute pair on the blade handle is perpendicular to that of the second revolute pair, and the rotary axis of the first revolute pair is inclined to the horizontal plane.
2. The bionic photovoltaic power generation device with the adjustable blade type as claimed in claim 1, wherein the support is of a tree structure and comprises a trunk and branches, the support is fixedly installed on the base through the trunk, and the branches are fixedly installed on the trunk; the petioles are arranged on the branches of the bracket through a first revolute pair; the first rotating pair and the second rotating pair on the blade handles are driving pairs and are driven by a stepping motor system arranged at the joints; the number of the branches, the leaf stalks and the photovoltaic blades is not less than 2; the base is fixedly provided with an energy storage device, a controller and a universal serial interface, and the upper surface of the base is fixedly provided with a wireless charging device; a wireless communication device is fixedly arranged at the end part of the trunk; and the branches are fixedly provided with lighting devices.
3. The adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the universal serial interface supports universal serial bus standard, the controller is provided with a charging circuit and a discharging circuit, and the current output end of the photovoltaic blade is connected with the current input end of the charging circuit of the controller; the controller charging circuit current output end is connected with the energy storage device current input end, the energy storage device current output end is connected with the controller discharging circuit current input end, and the controller discharging circuit current output end is connected with the stepping motor system, the wireless communication device, the wireless charging device, the lighting device and the universal serial interface direct current input end respectively.
CN201811264992.3A 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device Pending CN111106792A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811264992.3A CN111106792A (en) 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811264992.3A CN111106792A (en) 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111106792A true CN111106792A (en) 2020-05-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811264992.3A Pending CN111106792A (en) 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 Adjustable blade type bionic photovoltaic power generation device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111394742A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-10 西北大学 Indoor oxygen release, anti-inflammatory and purification integrated device based on bionic visual angle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111394742A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-10 西北大学 Indoor oxygen release, anti-inflammatory and purification integrated device based on bionic visual angle

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