CN111088846A - Recyclable prefabricated house and installation method - Google Patents

Recyclable prefabricated house and installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111088846A
CN111088846A CN201811237957.2A CN201811237957A CN111088846A CN 111088846 A CN111088846 A CN 111088846A CN 201811237957 A CN201811237957 A CN 201811237957A CN 111088846 A CN111088846 A CN 111088846A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gable
panel
roof
prefabricated
shaped
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811237957.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯和涛
王承磊
陈城
曲冰
赵星楠
牟银林
陈骁
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Shandong University
Original Assignee
Shandong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University filed Critical Shandong University
Priority to CN201811237957.2A priority Critical patent/CN111088846A/en
Publication of CN111088846A publication Critical patent/CN111088846A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • E04B1/6801Fillings therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • E04B1/6806Waterstops
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • E04B1/86Sound-absorbing elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of buildings, in particular to a recyclable prefabricated house, which comprises three-hinged arch roof boards, wherein each three-hinged arch roof board comprises a plurality of groups of angularly arranged roof boards, each group of roof boards comprises two roof boards, one ends of the two roof boards are hinged with each other, and the other end of each roof board is obliquely arranged downwards and is respectively fixedly connected with a wallboard; the wall plate is used for supporting the three-hinged arch roof panel, the lower part of the wall plate is fixedly connected with the prefabricated foundation, the lower end of the prefabricated foundation is arranged in the foundation, and the upper end of the prefabricated foundation is fixedly connected with the wall plate; the opposite side surfaces of the two roof panels are fixedly connected through two horizontally arranged circular tubes, and the hinged positions of the roof panels form a ridge. The invention also provides an installation method of the recyclable prefabricated house, the recyclable prefabricated house can replace the traditional color steel plate house, and the joint is convenient to install, disassemble and recycle; the assembled house has good stability, safety, reliability and high comfort level.

Description

Recyclable prefabricated house and installation method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of buildings, and particularly relates to a recyclable prefabricated house and an installation method thereof.
Background
At present, a construction board house is a movable board house formed by using a light steel keel as a framework, using a color steel sandwich board as a maintenance material and using a standard modulus for spatial combination, and using bolts for connecting components, and can be conveniently and quickly assembled and disassembled, but the movable board house has poor heat preservation, heat insulation, sound insulation and fire resistance, is low in comfort level, and is easy to generate building waste after being disassembled.
The container mobile house is a novel temporary building, is convenient and quick to disassemble, does not need to build a foundation, has good environmental protection effect, long service life and can be recycled, but has high transportation cost and limited use space.
The light steel keel assembled house is characterized in that all frameworks and supports of the house are formed by light steel, such as a cold-formed thin-walled steel house, the house can be assembled on site, is convenient to install, has more working procedures and higher cost, and is suitable for low-rise villas or high-grade houses.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a recyclable prefabricated house and an installation method, which can replace the traditional color steel plate house, and the joint is convenient to install, disassemble and recycle; the assembled house has good stability, safety, reliability and high comfort level.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme: a recyclable prefabricated house comprises three-hinged arch roof boards, wherein each three-hinged arch roof board comprises a plurality of groups of roof boards which are arranged at an angle, each group of roof boards comprises two roof boards, one ends of the two roof boards are hinged with each other, and the other end of each roof board is obliquely arranged downwards and is respectively fixedly connected with a wallboard;
the wall plate is used for supporting the three-hinged arch roof panel, the lower part of the wall plate is fixedly connected with the prefabricated foundation, the lower end of the prefabricated foundation is arranged in the foundation, and the upper end of the prefabricated foundation is fixedly connected with the wall plate; the opposite side surfaces of the two roof panels are fixedly connected through two horizontally arranged circular tubes, and the hinged positions of the roof panels form a ridge.
Furthermore, the downward one end of roof boarding slope passes through bolt and the one end fixed connection of T type connecting piece, and the other end of T type connecting piece passes through bolt and pipe fixed connection, passes through turn-buckle bolted connection between two pipes that set up relatively. And the lower part of the roof panel is fixedly provided with a sound insulation board which is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the sound insulation board are respectively and fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the roof panel.
Further, the wallboard comprises an outer wallboard and an inner partition wall; the external wall panel is a heat-insulating wall and comprises a gable wall and a longitudinal wall, and a steel column, a concrete beam or a steel beam is arranged in the external wall panel.
Further, at least one floor slab assembly is horizontally arranged among the plurality of wall slabs and divides the recyclable prefabricated house into a multilayer structure;
the floor slab assembly comprises a plurality of floor slabs, adjacent floor slabs are fixedly connected through bowl-shaped connecting pieces, and the lower ends of the floor slabs are respectively provided with a steel guide groove.
Furthermore, the longitudinal wall is of an integrated structure in the vertical direction, the gable walls are arranged in layers in the vertical direction, the gable walls are vertically arranged about the hinge axis of the three-hinged arch roof panel, the gable walls are respectively arranged on two sides of the three-hinged arch roof panel, each side gable wall comprises a plurality of rectangular gable panels and a triangular gable panel, each layer of the multilayer structure is supported by two rectangular gable panels, the rectangular gable panels are respectively and fixedly connected, the rectangular gable panel on the uppermost layer is fixedly connected with the triangular gable panel, and the triangular gable panel is fixedly connected with the roof panel; the steel beam of the gable below the floor is connected with the steel guide groove through a fastener, and the gable is fixedly connected with the floor through an L-shaped connecting piece.
Further, the roof panel is fixedly connected with the gable wall through a bolt assembly, a fixing sleeve is arranged on the roof panel, threads are arranged in the fixing sleeve, the fixing sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the wallboard connecting piece through a bolt, and the other end of the wallboard connecting piece is connected with the longitudinal wall through a bolt.
Furthermore, the longitudinal walls are fixedly connected with the gable walls through the parallel end plates, the adjacent longitudinal walls are fixedly connected through the T-shaped steel plates, and the inner partition wall is connected with the longitudinal walls through the parallel end plates.
Furthermore, an internal space is formed between the external wall panel and the three-hinged arch roof panel, and the internal space is divided into a plurality of rooms by the internal partition wall and the floor slab.
Further, a door and a window are arranged on the wall board, and outdoor stairs are arranged outside the wall board.
A method of installing a recyclable prefabricated building comprising the steps of:
step 1, mounting of a prefabricated foundation:
and (4) paying off and positioning the field, leveling and treating the foundation to meet the bearing capacity and settlement requirements of the foundation, and then hoisting and placing the prefabricated foundation according to the prefabricated foundation layout drawing of the design drawing.
Step 2, installing the wallboard:
hoisting the wall plate to a corresponding prefabricated foundation according to the serial number of the wall plate, positioning the wall plate, connecting the prefabricated foundation with a column base bottom plate of a steel column through a high-strength bolt, and simultaneously arranging a wall plate lateral support to ensure the stability of the member;
step 3, installation of the floor slab:
hoisting the floor slab to a corresponding steel beam according to the number of the floor slab, positioning the floor slab, connecting the floor slab with a gable through a steel guide groove, and limiting the floor slab by using an L-shaped connecting piece; adjacent floor slabs are connected by bowl-shaped connecting pieces.
Step 4, mounting the roof panel:
hoisting the triangular gable panel to a corresponding wall panel for positioning, fixing the triangular gable panel through an L-shaped connecting piece, arranging a short support on the sound insulation panel to facilitate the installation of the gable panel, and not taking down the support after the installation is finished; and finally, integrally hoisting the roof panel to the top of the wall, and connecting the roof panel and the wall panel through L-shaped connecting pieces in different forms.
Step 5, connection at the node:
the concrete beam and the steel column are connected between adjacent longitudinal walls through a T-shaped steel plate, the adjacent longitudinal walls are connected with the gable walls through a flush end plate, different layers of gable walls are connected with the flush end plate through the steel column in the wallboard, and the inner partition wall is connected with the longitudinal walls through the flush end plate;
step 6, plate seam treatment and water prevention:
and waterproof materials are filled in the plate joints among the wallboards, the PE rubber rods are filled in the middle of the wallboard, and the single-component silicone sealant with better weather resistance is selected to block the outermost side of the wallboard.
And 7, later work:
and (4) installing doors and windows, outdoor stairs and corridor railings, and performing simple decoration work in the later stage.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the house system provided by the invention adopts prefabricated steel-concrete components, replaces brick and tile materials of a brick-concrete structure house and a cast-in-place concrete structure, reduces the using amount of construction site templates, and greatly reduces the workload of scaffolds.
2. The nodes are all connected through bolts, so that the installation is rapid, the disassembly is convenient, the use can be recycled, and the use cost of the house is greatly reduced.
3. The steel-concrete frame system is embedded in the external wall panel, and the wall panel and the beam column are integrated, so that the whole house is stronger in integrity.
4. The plate-type member adopted by the invention is the heat-insulation composite wallboard, the self weight is small, the heat-insulation performance is good, the wallboard can be used as a maintenance member and a bearing member, can be prefabricated according to a large-size plate or customized according to the size of a compartment, and has less plate joints and less leakage hidden troubles compared with the traditional ALC prefabricated wallboard and other wallboards.
5. The invention has good stability, safety, reliability and high comfort level, and is particularly suitable for temporary buildings such as construction rooms, military rooms and the like.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the application and, together with the description, serve to explain the application and are not intended to limit the application.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the roof panel and the longitudinal panel of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of the wall panel of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a prefabricated foundation according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the pedestal base plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of a gable wall according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the vertical wall of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a floor slab according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a three-hinged arch roof panel of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the connection of adjacent vertical walls according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the connection between the vertical wall and the gable wall of the present invention
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the connection of the roof panel and the gable wall of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the connection of the roof panel and the vertical wall according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of a T-shaped connector of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a round tube and a turn buckle according to the present invention;
fig. 16 is a schematic view of the connection of the roof panel and the T-shaped connecting member according to the present invention;
figure 17 is a schematic view of a bowl-shaped joint of the present invention for joining adjacent floors.
In the figure: 1. prefabricating a foundation; 2. a wallboard; 3. a floor slab; 4. a roof panel; 5. a sound insulating board; 6. a floor panel; 7. a staircase; 8. a column shoe bottom plate; 9. a steel guide groove; 2A, a longitudinal wall; 2B, gable wall; 2C, an inner partition wall;
2-1, a first longitudinal wall; 2-2, a second longitudinal wall; 2-3, a third longitudinal wall; 2-6, a fourth longitudinal wall; 2-7, a fifth longitudinal wall; 2-8, a sixth longitudinal wall;
2-4, a first gable wall; 2-5, a second gable wall; 2-9, a first inner partition wall; 2-10 parts of a second inner partition wall;
2-11, a third inner partition wall; 2-12, a fourth inner partition wall; 2-13, a fifth inner partition wall; 2-14.
41. Fixing the sleeve; 42. a bolt; 43. a T-shaped connector; 44. a circular tube; 45. the turn buckle.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the disclosure. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs.
The words used herein to indicate orientation, left, right, front, rear, and the like are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings and are used only for the purpose of describing the invention and for the purpose of simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or component referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and should not be construed as limiting the invention.
In a typical embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 1 to 17, a recyclable prefabricated house includes three-hinged arch roof panels 4, the three-hinged arch roof panels 4 include a plurality of groups of angularly arranged roof panels, each group of roof panels includes two roof panels 4, one ends of the two roof panels 4 are hinged to each other, and the other end of each roof panel 4 is obliquely and downwardly arranged and fixedly connected to a wall panel 2;
the wall plate 2 is used for supporting a three-hinged arch roof panel 4, the lower part of the wall plate 2 is fixedly connected with the prefabricated foundation 1, the lower end of the prefabricated foundation 1 is installed in a foundation, and the upper end of the prefabricated foundation 1 is fixedly connected with the wall plate 2; the opposite side surfaces of the two roof panels 4 are fixedly connected through two horizontally arranged circular tubes 44, and the hinged parts of the roof panels 4 form a roof ridge.
Preferably, the downward inclined end of the roof panel 4 is fixedly connected with one end of a T-shaped connecting piece 43 through a bolt 42, the other end of the T-shaped connecting piece is fixedly connected with a round pipe 44 through a bolt 42, and the two round pipes 44 arranged oppositely are connected through a turn-buckle bolt 45. And a sound insulation board 5 is fixedly arranged below the roof board, the sound insulation board is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the sound insulation board are respectively and fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the roof board.
Preferably, the wall panel 2 comprises an external wall panel 2 and an internal partition wall 2C; the external wall panel 2 is a heat-insulating wall (one of a sandwich type heat-insulating composite board or a steel wire truss concrete composite board, a profiled steel sheet-bamboo plywood composite board and a light steel keel wallboard).
The external wall panel 2 comprises a gable wall 2A and a longitudinal wall 2B, a steel column, a concrete beam or a steel beam is arranged in the external wall panel 2, and a column base bottom plate 8 is arranged at the lower end of the steel column to form a steel-concrete frame system of the whole house; the plates are connected through the hidden beams and the hidden columns, and holes convenient for manual installation are reserved at the joints of the wallboards 2. The longitudinal walls are large plates vertically spanning two layers, and the plates comprise hidden concrete beams and H-shaped steel columns, wherein the left end and the right end of the first longitudinal wall 2-1, the third longitudinal wall 2-3, the fourth longitudinal wall 2-6 and the sixth longitudinal wall 2-8 are provided with the steel columns, and the second longitudinal wall 2-2 and the fifth longitudinal wall 2-7 are not provided with the steel columns; the first gable wall 2-4 and the second gable wall 2-5) are large plates which are one by one and only contain H-shaped steel beams;
the inner partition wall is not provided with a heat insulation layer, the thickness of the inner partition wall is smaller than that of the outer wall, and in order to reduce the weight of the wallboard 2, light materials such as PE rods are filled in the wallboard. H-shaped steel beams are arranged at the tops of the first type partition wall 2-9 and the second type partition wall 2-10, steel columns are arranged at the left and right ends of the third type partition wall 2-11 and the fifth type partition wall 2-13, and no steel column is arranged at the fourth type partition wall 2-12.
Preferably, at least one floor slab 3 assembly is horizontally arranged among the wall plates 2, and the floor slab 3 assembly divides the recyclable prefabricated house into a multi-layer structure;
the floor 3 assembly comprises a plurality of floors 3, the adjacent floors 3 are fixedly connected through bowl-shaped connecting pieces, and the lower ends of the floors 3 are respectively provided with a steel guide groove 9. An upper steel wire mesh layer and a lower steel wire mesh layer are arranged inside each floor slab 3. The floor 3 can be subjected to large span and can be recycled.
Preferably, the vertical wall is of an integrated structure in the vertical direction, the gable walls are arranged in the vertical direction in a layered mode, steel beams at the upper ends of the gable walls, which are located below the floor slabs, are connected with the steel guide grooves through fasteners, and the gable walls are fixedly connected with the floor slabs 3 through L-shaped connecting pieces.
The gable 2B is vertically arranged relative to a hinge axis of the three-hinged arch roof panel, the gable is respectively arranged on two sides of the three-hinged arch roof panel, each side gable comprises a plurality of rectangular gable panels and a triangular gable panel 2-14, each layer of the multilayer structure is supported by the two rectangular gable panels, the rectangular gable panels are respectively and fixedly connected, the rectangular gable panel on the uppermost layer is fixedly connected with the triangular gable panels 2-14, and the triangular gable panels 2-14 are fixedly connected with the roof panel 6; the steel beams of the gable below the floor are connected with the steel guide grooves 9 through fasteners,
preferably, the roof panel 4 is fixedly connected with the gable wall through a bolt 42 assembly, a fixing sleeve 41 is arranged on the roof panel 4, a thread is arranged in the fixing sleeve 41, the fixing sleeve 41 is fixedly connected with one end of the wallboard 2 connecting piece through a bolt 42, and the other end of the wallboard 2 connecting piece is connected with the longitudinal wall through a bolt 42.
Preferably, the longitudinal walls and the gable walls are fixedly connected through flush end plates, adjacent longitudinal walls are fixedly connected through T-shaped steel plates, and the inner partition wall is connected with the longitudinal walls through flush end plates.
Preferably, an internal space is formed between the external wall panel 2 and the three-hinged arch roof panel 4, and the internal partition wall and the floor slab 3 divide the internal space into a plurality of rooms.
Preferably, a door and a window are arranged on the wall plate 2, and an outdoor stair 7 is arranged outside the wall plate 2.
A method of installing a recyclable prefabricated building comprising the steps of:
step 1, mounting of a prefabricated foundation 1:
and (3) paying off and positioning the field, leveling the foundation and treating the foundation to meet the bearing capacity and settlement requirements of the foundation, and then hoisting and placing the prefabricated foundation 1 according to the layout drawing of the prefabricated foundation 1 of the design drawing.
Step 2, installing the wallboard 2:
hoisting the wall plates 2 to corresponding prefabricated foundations 1 according to the serial numbers of the wall plates to be positioned, connecting the prefabricated foundations with column base bottom plates of steel columns through high-strength bolts, and arranging lateral supports of the wall plates 2 to ensure the stability of components;
step 3, installation of the floor slab 3:
hoisting the floor 3 to a corresponding steel beam according to the number of the floor, positioning the floor, connecting the floor with a gable through a steel guide groove 9, and limiting the floor by using an L-shaped connecting piece; adjacent floor slabs 3 are connected by bowl-shaped connecting pieces.
Step 4, mounting the roof panel 4:
the triangular gable panel is hoisted to the corresponding wall panel 2 to be positioned and fixed through the L-shaped connecting piece, the short support is arranged on the sound insulation board to facilitate the installation of the gable panel, and the support is not taken down after the installation is finished; and finally, integrally hoisting the roof panel 4 to the top of the wall, and connecting the wall boards 2 of the roof panel 4 through L-shaped connecting pieces in different forms.
Step 5, connection at the node:
the concrete beam and the steel column are connected between the adjacent longitudinal walls through the T-shaped steel plate, the adjacent longitudinal walls and the gable walls are connected through the parallel-level end plates (such as wall plates 2-1 and 2-4), the gable walls of different layers are connected through the parallel-level end plates through the steel column in the wall plate 2, and the inner partition wall and the longitudinal walls are connected through the parallel-level end plates;
step 6, plate seam treatment and water prevention:
waterproof materials are filled in the plate joints among the wall plates 2, the PE rubber rods are filled in the middle, and the single-component silicone sealant with better weather resistance is selected to block the outermost side.
And 7, later work:
and (3) installing doors and windows, outdoor stairs 7 and corridor railings, and performing simple decoration work in the later stage.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present application and is not intended to limit the present application, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present application shall be included in the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A recyclable prefabricated house, characterized by comprising,
the three-hinged arch roof panel comprises a plurality of groups of roof panels arranged in an angle, each group of roof panel comprises two roof panels, one ends of the two roof panels are hinged with each other, and the other end of each roof panel is obliquely and downwards arranged and is respectively fixedly connected with the wallboard;
the wall plate is used for supporting the three-hinged arch roof panel, the lower part of the wall plate is fixedly connected with the prefabricated foundation, the lower end of the prefabricated foundation is arranged in the foundation, and the upper end of the prefabricated foundation is fixedly connected with the wall plate;
the opposite side surfaces of the two roof panels are fixedly connected through two horizontally arranged circular tubes, and the hinged positions of the roof panels form a ridge.
2. The recyclable prefabricated house according to claim 1, wherein the obliquely downward end of the roof panel is fixedly connected with one end of a T-shaped connecting piece through a bolt, the other end of the T-shaped connecting piece is fixedly connected with a round pipe through a bolt, and two round pipes which are arranged oppositely are connected through a turn-buckle bolt; and the lower part of the roof panel is fixedly provided with a sound insulation board which is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the sound insulation board are respectively and fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the roof panel.
3. The recyclable prefabricated building of claim 1, wherein the wall panels comprise exterior wall panels and interior partition walls; the external wall panel is a heat-insulating wall and comprises a gable wall and a longitudinal wall, and a steel column, a concrete beam or a steel beam is arranged in the external wall panel.
4. The recyclable prefabricated building as described in claim 1, wherein at least one floor slab assembly is horizontally disposed between the plurality of wall slabs, the floor slab assembly dividing the recyclable prefabricated building into a multi-story structure;
the floor slab assembly comprises a plurality of floor slabs, adjacent floor slabs are fixedly connected through bowl-shaped connecting pieces, and the lower ends of the floor slabs are respectively provided with a steel guide groove.
5. The recyclable prefabricated building as claimed in claim 4, wherein the vertical walls are vertically integrated, the gable walls are vertically layered, the upper ends of the gable walls below the floor slab are inserted into the steel guide grooves, and the gable walls and the floor slab are fixedly connected by L-shaped connecting members;
the gable sets up perpendicularly about the articulated axis of three hinges hunch roof boarding, and the both sides of three hinges hunch roof boarding are equipped with respectively the gable, every side gable include a plurality of rectangle gable boards and a triangle-shaped gable board, every layer structure among the multilayer structure supports through two rectangle gable boards, and a plurality of rectangle gable boards are fixed connection respectively, are located the rectangle gable board and the triangle-shaped gable board fixed connection of superiors, triangle-shaped gable board and roof boarding fixed connection.
6. The recyclable prefabricated house according to claim 4, wherein the roof panel is fixedly connected with the gable wall through a bolt assembly, the roof panel is provided with a fixing sleeve, threads are arranged in the fixing sleeve, the fixing sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the wall panel connecting piece through a bolt, and the other end of the wall panel connecting piece is connected with the longitudinal wall through a bolt.
7. The recyclable prefabricated building as described in claim 4, wherein the vertical walls are fixedly connected to the gable walls by flush end plates, adjacent vertical walls are fixedly connected to each other by T-shaped steel plates, and the inner partition walls are connected to the vertical walls by flush end plates.
8. The recyclable prefabricated house of claim 4, wherein the external wall panel and the triple-arch roof panel form an internal space therebetween, and the internal partition walls and the floor panels divide the internal space into a plurality of rooms.
9. The recyclable prefabricated home as described in claim 1, further comprising a door window provided on the wall panel and an outdoor staircase provided outside the wall panel.
10. A method of installing a recyclable prefabricated house according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
step 1, mounting of a prefabricated foundation:
paying off and positioning a field, leveling a foundation and treating the foundation to meet the bearing capacity and settlement requirements of the foundation, and then hoisting and placing the prefabricated foundation according to a prefabricated foundation layout drawing of a design drawing;
step 2, installing the wallboard:
labeling different wallboards, hoisting the wallboards to corresponding prefabricated foundations according to the serial numbers of the wallboards, positioning the prefabricated foundations, connecting the prefabricated foundations with column base bottom plates of steel columns through high-strength bolts, and simultaneously arranging wallboard lateral supports to ensure the stability of components;
step 3, installation of the floor slab:
numbering different floor slabs, hoisting the floor slabs to corresponding steel beams for positioning according to the number of the floor slabs, connecting the floor slabs with a gable through steel guide grooves, and limiting by using L-shaped connecting pieces; the adjacent floor slabs are connected through a bowl-shaped connecting piece;
step 4, mounting the roof panel:
hoisting the triangular gable panel to a corresponding wall panel for positioning, fixing the triangular gable panel through an L-shaped connecting piece, arranging a short support on the sound insulation panel to facilitate the installation of the gable panel, and not taking down the support after the installation is finished; finally, integrally hoisting the roof panel to the top of the wall, and connecting the roof panel and the wall panel through L-shaped connecting pieces in different forms;
step 5, connection at the node:
the concrete beam and the steel column are connected between adjacent longitudinal walls through a T-shaped steel plate, the adjacent longitudinal walls are connected with the gable walls through a flush end plate, different layers of gable walls are connected with the flush end plate through the steel column in the wallboard, and the inner partition wall is connected with the longitudinal walls through the flush end plate;
step 6, plate seam treatment and water prevention:
waterproof materials are filled in plate joints among the wallboards, a PE rubber rod is filled in the middle, and one-component silicone sealant with better weather resistance is selected to block the outermost side;
and 7, later work:
and (4) installing doors and windows, outdoor stairs and corridor railings, and performing simple decoration work in the later stage.
CN201811237957.2A 2018-10-23 2018-10-23 Recyclable prefabricated house and installation method Pending CN111088846A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811237957.2A CN111088846A (en) 2018-10-23 2018-10-23 Recyclable prefabricated house and installation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111088846A true CN111088846A (en) 2020-05-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111997200A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-11-27 中建三局第一建设工程有限责任公司 Recyclable full-assembly concrete temporary building board house and manufacturing method thereof
CN112854823A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-28 安徽森泰木塑集团股份有限公司 Self-building house

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111997200A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-11-27 中建三局第一建设工程有限责任公司 Recyclable full-assembly concrete temporary building board house and manufacturing method thereof
CN112854823A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-28 安徽森泰木塑集团股份有限公司 Self-building house

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