CN111074709A - Stone paving construction method - Google Patents

Stone paving construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111074709A
CN111074709A CN201811226077.5A CN201811226077A CN111074709A CN 111074709 A CN111074709 A CN 111074709A CN 201811226077 A CN201811226077 A CN 201811226077A CN 111074709 A CN111074709 A CN 111074709A
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Prior art keywords
stone
layer
plate
paving
convex steel
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CN201811226077.5A
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CN111074709B (en
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王荷香
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王荷香
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a stone paving construction method, which comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: selecting and transporting stone materials to a construction site, and sprinkling water to the stone materials every 4 hours; step two: removing the old pavement and repairing and leveling the base layer; step three: establishing a supporting fixed elevation and paving a foundation layer; step four: laying an expansion joint mechanism; and 5: brushing a cement paste layer and a mortar combining layer; step six: laying a stone plate; step seven: performing crack pouring and edge wiping; step eight: and maintaining the laid stone plate. According to the invention, the stone plate is convenient to mount, the phenomenon of offset is avoided, the longitudinal stone plate can be separated, the convex steel plate can be extruded when the stone plate expands with heat and contracts with cold, the phenomenon of breakage of the convex steel plate is avoided, the service life is prolonged, and the expansion joint structure is simultaneously applied to drainage water, so that the expansion joint structure is more suitable for popularization and use.

Description

Stone paving construction method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a stone paving construction method.
Background
As a high-grade building decorative material, stone has long become one of important raw materials for building, decoration, road and bridge construction, and common stones in the market mainly comprise four kinds of marble, granite, terrazzo and synthetic stone;
along with the gradual improvement of human standard of living, the stone material board is not only indoor use, outdoor laying stone material board is also more and more, but because outdoor weather variation is complicated, can make the phenomenon of taking place expend with heat and contract with cold between the stone material board, lead to the stone material board to take place the phenomenon of arch or even fracture, greatly reduced life, the drainage performance of stone material board is relatively poor simultaneously, rainy day can lead to holding on the stone material board that a large amount of water can't be timely discharges away, can bring inconvenience for the pedestrian.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects of the prior art that the stone plates expand with heat and contract with cold to generate a bulge fracture phenomenon and the drainage effect is poor, and provides a stone paving construction method.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a stone paving construction method is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting and transporting stone materials to a construction site, and sprinkling water to the stone materials every 4-6 hours;
step two: removing the old pavement, repairing and leveling the base course, and cleaning the mortar of the base course;
step three: establishing a supporting fixed elevation and paving a foundation layer;
paving concrete on the base layer pavement obtained in the step two, and reserving transversely-through grooves in longitudinal gaps when the foundation is paved;
step four: laying an expansion joint mechanism;
and D, laying a prefabricated expansion joint mechanism in a groove reserved in the surface of the foundation layer obtained in the step three, wherein the expansion joint mechanism is a hollow convex steel plate, a steel mesh is welded on the upper end face of the convex steel plate in a penetrating manner, the lower half part of the convex steel plate is embedded in an inner cavity of the groove, the upper half part of the convex steel plate is higher than the foundation and has the same thickness as the stone, and the two sides of the convex steel plate are connected with the drainage pipes on the two sides of the road.
Step five: brushing a cement paste layer and a mortar combining layer;
sprinkling water on the foundation layer obtained in the step four for wetting, paving a cement slurry layer, paving a mortar bonding layer on the cement slurry layer, and grinding the mortar bonding layer by using a tool to ensure that the thickness of the cement slurry layer and the mortar bonding layer is controlled to be 4-6 mm;
step six: laying a stone plate;
contacting the two longitudinal sides of the stone plate with the outer walls of the convex steel plates to clamp the stone plate between the adjacent convex steel plates and tamping the stone plate;
step seven: performing crack pouring and edge wiping;
mixing the water-permeable crack pouring glue and the pigment together according to the color of the stone plate, and spreading the mixed water-permeable crack pouring glue on a steel net on the upper surface of the convex steel plate, so that the height of the water-permeable crack pouring glue is 2-3mm lower than that of the stone plate, and cleaning the water-permeable crack pouring glue left on the stone plate in the crack pouring process;
step eight: and maintaining the laid stone plates, wherein the stone plates are not allowed to be used within three days.
Preferably, in the third step, the concrete is selected as main ingredients, and the ingredients are as follows: 15-25 parts of fly ash, 30-45 parts of pebbles, 5-10 parts of an accelerator, 5-15 parts of a UEA waterproof material and 35-40 parts of natural sand.
Preferably, in the third step, the distance between the grooves is the same as the longitudinal length of the stone plate.
Preferably, in the fourth step, the mesh number of the steel mesh is 1000-1500 meshes.
Preferably, in the fifth step, the thickness ratio of the cement mortar layer to the mortar bonding layer is 1: 2.
the stone paving construction method provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the convex steel plates are fixed in the grooves, and the distance between the convex steel plates is the same as the longitudinal length of the stone plate, so that the upper outer wall of the convex steel plates can be in close contact with the stone plate when the stone plate is installed, the stone plate can be conveniently installed, the phenomenon of deviation is avoided, the longitudinal stone plate can be separated, the convex steel plates can be extruded when the stone plate expands with heat and contracts with cold, the phenomenon of breakage of the convex steel plates is avoided, and the service life is prolonged;
second, during the rainy day, owing to permeate water the cementation of fissures glue highly be less than the stone material board, rainwater on the stone material board can flow the cementation of fissures glue of permeating water, owing to permeate water the cementation of fissures glue of permeating water has the effect rainwater of permeating water and can permeate to "protruding" shape steel sheet inside through permeating water cementation of fissures glue and steel mesh, owing to the both sides of "protruding" shape steel sheet link to each other with the drain pipe of road both sides, so the rainwater flows through "protruding" shape steel sheet and discharges in the drain pipe, emission rainwater that can be timely avoids bringing the inconvenience for the pedestrian.
And thirdly, the expansion joint structure is simultaneously applied to the drainage, so that two purposes are achieved, the practicability is greatly improved, and the expansion joint structure is more suitable for popularization and use.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Example one
A stone paving construction method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting and transporting stone materials to a construction site, and sprinkling water to the stone materials every 4 hours;
step two: removing the old pavement, repairing and leveling the base course, and cleaning the mortar of the base course;
step three: establishing a supporting fixed elevation and paving a foundation layer;
in the base road surface flat concrete obtained in the step two, a transverse through groove is reserved in a longitudinal gap when the foundation is laid, the distance between the grooves is the same as the longitudinal length of the stone plate, concrete main ingredients are selected, and the components are as follows: 15 parts of fly ash, 30 parts of pebbles, 5 parts of an accelerator, 10 parts of UEA waterproof material and 40 parts of natural sand;
step four: laying an expansion joint mechanism;
and D, laying a prefabricated expansion joint mechanism in a groove reserved in the surface of the foundation layer obtained in the step three, wherein the expansion joint mechanism is a hollow convex steel plate, a steel mesh is welded on the upper end face of the convex steel plate in a penetrating manner, the mesh number of the steel mesh is 1000 meshes, the lower half part of the convex steel plate is embedded in an inner cavity of the groove, the upper half part of the convex steel plate is higher than the foundation and is the same as the thickness of the stone, and the two sides of the convex steel plate are connected with the drainage pipes on the two sides of the road.
Step five: brushing a cement paste layer and a mortar combining layer;
sprinkling water on the foundation layer obtained in the step four for wetting, paving a cement slurry layer, paving a mortar bonding layer on the cement slurry layer, and grinding the mortar bonding layer by using a tool to control the thickness of the cement slurry layer and the mortar bonding layer to be 6mm, wherein the thickness ratio of the cement slurry layer to the mortar bonding layer is 1: 2;
step six: laying a stone plate;
contacting the two longitudinal sides of the stone plate with the outer walls of the convex steel plates to clamp the stone plate between the adjacent convex steel plates and tamping the stone plate;
step seven: performing crack pouring and edge wiping;
mixing the permeable crack pouring glue and the pigment together according to the color of the stone plate, wherein the permeable crack pouring glue is a permeable concrete cementing agent or a porous permeable pavement cementing agent, spreading the mixed permeable crack pouring glue on a steel net on the upper surface of the convex steel plate, enabling the height of the permeable crack pouring glue to be 3mm lower than that of the stone plate, and cleaning the permeable crack pouring glue left on the stone plate in the crack pouring process;
step eight: and maintaining the laid stone plates, wherein the stone plates are not allowed to be used within three days.
Example two
A stone paving construction method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting and transporting stone materials to a construction site, and sprinkling water to the stone materials every 5 hours;
step two: removing the old pavement, repairing and leveling the base course, and cleaning the mortar of the base course;
step three: establishing a supporting fixed elevation and paving a foundation layer;
in the base road surface flat concrete obtained in the step two, a transverse through groove is reserved in a longitudinal gap when the foundation is laid, the distance between the grooves is the same as the longitudinal length of the stone plate, concrete main ingredients are selected, and the components are as follows: 10 parts of fly ash, 40 parts of pebbles, 5 parts of an accelerator, 5 parts of a UEA waterproof material and 40 parts of natural sand;
step four: laying an expansion joint mechanism;
and D, laying a prefabricated expansion joint mechanism in a groove reserved in the surface of the foundation layer obtained in the step three, wherein the expansion joint mechanism is a hollow convex steel plate, a steel mesh is welded on the upper end face of the convex steel plate in a penetrating manner, the mesh number of the steel mesh is 1200 meshes, the lower half part of the convex steel plate is embedded in an inner cavity of the groove, the upper half part of the convex steel plate is higher than the foundation and is the same as the thickness of the stone, and the two sides of the convex steel plate are connected with the drainage pipes on the two sides of the road.
Step five: brushing a cement paste layer and a mortar combining layer;
sprinkling water on the foundation layer obtained in the step four for wetting, laying a cement slurry layer, then laying a mortar bonding layer on the cement slurry layer, using a tool to grind the mortar bonding layer flat, controlling the thickness of the cement slurry layer and the mortar bonding layer to be 4mm, and controlling the thickness ratio of the cement slurry layer to the mortar bonding layer to be 1: 2;
step six: laying a stone plate;
contacting the two longitudinal sides of the stone plate with the outer walls of the convex steel plates to clamp the stone plate between the adjacent convex steel plates and tamping the stone plate;
step seven: performing crack pouring and edge wiping;
mixing the permeable crack pouring glue and the pigment together according to the color of the stone plate, wherein the permeable crack pouring glue is a permeable concrete cementing agent or a porous permeable pavement cementing agent, spreading the mixed permeable crack pouring glue on a steel net on the upper surface of the convex steel plate, enabling the height of the permeable crack pouring glue to be 2mm lower than that of the stone plate, and cleaning the permeable crack pouring glue left on the stone plate in the crack pouring process;
step eight: and maintaining the laid stone plates, wherein the stone plates are not allowed to be used within three days.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention and the equivalent alternatives or modifications according to the technical solution and the inventive concept of the present invention within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A stone paving construction method is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: selecting and transporting stone materials to a construction site, and sprinkling water to the stone materials every 4-6 hours;
step two: removing the old pavement, repairing and leveling the base course, and cleaning the mortar of the base course;
step three: establishing a supporting fixed elevation and paving a foundation layer;
paving concrete on the base layer pavement obtained in the step two, and reserving transversely-through grooves in longitudinal gaps when the foundation is paved;
step four: laying an expansion joint mechanism;
and D, laying a prefabricated expansion joint mechanism in a groove reserved in the surface of the foundation layer obtained in the step three, wherein the expansion joint mechanism is a hollow convex steel plate, a steel mesh is welded on the upper end face of the convex steel plate in a penetrating manner, the lower half part of the convex steel plate is embedded in an inner cavity of the groove, the upper half part of the convex steel plate is higher than the foundation and has the same thickness as the stone, and the two sides of the convex steel plate are connected with the drainage pipes on the two sides of the road.
Step five: brushing a cement paste layer and a mortar combining layer;
sprinkling water on the foundation layer obtained in the step four for wetting, paving a cement slurry layer, paving a mortar bonding layer on the cement slurry layer, and grinding the mortar bonding layer by using a tool to ensure that the thickness of the cement slurry layer and the mortar bonding layer is controlled to be 4-6 mm;
step six: laying a stone plate;
contacting the two longitudinal sides of the stone plate with the outer walls of the convex steel plates to clamp the stone plate between the adjacent convex steel plates and tamping the stone plate;
step seven: performing crack pouring and edge wiping;
mixing the water-permeable crack pouring glue and the pigment together according to the color of the stone plate, and spreading the mixed water-permeable crack pouring glue on a steel net on the upper surface of the convex steel plate, so that the height of the water-permeable crack pouring glue is 2-3mm lower than that of the stone plate, and cleaning the water-permeable crack pouring glue left on the stone plate in the crack pouring process;
step eight: and maintaining the laid stone plates, wherein the stone plates are not allowed to be used within three days.
2. A stone paving construction method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: in the third step, the concrete is selected as main ingredients, and the components are as follows: 15-25 parts of fly ash, 30-45 parts of pebbles, 5-10 parts of an accelerator, 5-15 parts of a UEA waterproof material and 35-40 parts of natural sand.
3. A stone paving construction method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: in the third step, the distance between the grooves is the same as the longitudinal length of the stone plate.
4. A stone paving construction method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: in the fourth step, the mesh number of the steel mesh is 1000 meshes and 1500 meshes.
5. A stone paving construction method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: in the fifth step, the thickness ratio of the cement slurry layer to the mortar bonding layer is 1: 2.
CN201811226077.5A 2018-10-19 2018-10-19 Stone paving construction method Active CN111074709B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811226077.5A CN111074709B (en) 2018-10-19 2018-10-19 Stone paving construction method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811226077.5A CN111074709B (en) 2018-10-19 2018-10-19 Stone paving construction method

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CN111074709A true CN111074709A (en) 2020-04-28
CN111074709B CN111074709B (en) 2021-08-27

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2060734B (en) * 1979-08-20 1983-06-29 Britflex Resin Syst Ltd Road joints
CN1490462A (en) * 2002-10-18 2004-04-21 张明煌 Adjustable road surface expandable seam apparatus and mounting method thereof
US20110135384A1 (en) * 2007-09-20 2011-06-09 Shaw Lee A Surface drainage system
CN204690535U (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-10-07 长安大学 A kind of transition structure for connecting oblique prestressed concrete composite pavement
CN105064660A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 上海市园林设计院有限公司 Structure for preventing laying surface layer from cracking and method for preventing laying surface layer from cracking
CN205276086U (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-06-01 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Expansion joint device is handled to combined type road surface tip

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2060734B (en) * 1979-08-20 1983-06-29 Britflex Resin Syst Ltd Road joints
CN1490462A (en) * 2002-10-18 2004-04-21 张明煌 Adjustable road surface expandable seam apparatus and mounting method thereof
US20110135384A1 (en) * 2007-09-20 2011-06-09 Shaw Lee A Surface drainage system
CN204690535U (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-10-07 长安大学 A kind of transition structure for connecting oblique prestressed concrete composite pavement
CN105064660A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 上海市园林设计院有限公司 Structure for preventing laying surface layer from cracking and method for preventing laying surface layer from cracking
CN205276086U (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-06-01 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Expansion joint device is handled to combined type road surface tip

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