CN111074706A - Method for guaranteeing passing according to needs - Google Patents

Method for guaranteeing passing according to needs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111074706A
CN111074706A CN201911350289.9A CN201911350289A CN111074706A CN 111074706 A CN111074706 A CN 111074706A CN 201911350289 A CN201911350289 A CN 201911350289A CN 111074706 A CN111074706 A CN 111074706A
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China
Prior art keywords
road
traffic
roads
lanes
intersection
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CN201911350289.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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王伟兵
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王伟兵
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Priority to CN201911243399 priority
Application filed by 王伟兵 filed Critical 王伟兵
Publication of CN111074706A publication Critical patent/CN111074706A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2020/130683 external-priority patent/WO2021129269A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/002Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections ; Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/02Crossings, junctions or interconnections between roads on the same level
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for guaranteeing passing on demand. The planning design is carried out according to the total time requirement of the area, the road maintenance reconstruction period, the road planning is carried out by the comprehensive capacity to be a special road and a leisure road, and the aim of meeting the total requirement of the area in the period is achieved at the starting point; the crossing road is two layers, a group of connecting roads or more connecting roads are in a structure consisting of front and back upslopes or downslopes at the side edge or the middle of the road, or a structure consisting of a group of connecting roads and upper and lower layer roads is respectively arranged at the side edge and the middle of the road in four directions, each group of connecting roads are in parallel symmetry, and each group of connecting roads is provided with two or more than two connecting roads; the crossed road is of a two-layer structure; in at least one road, a height drop structure exists among lanes in different driving directions of all or part of road sections; the road steering connecting road is provided with structures which are symmetrical left and right or arranged front and back. The demand traffic is unidirectionally or comprehensively guaranteed by planning design optimization, road structure optimization and a guarantee method.

Description

Method for guaranteeing passing according to needs
Technical Field
The invention relates to global traffic and correlation, and provides a method for guaranteeing the traffic capacity of a road design or improving the smooth traffic of the design, in particular to stably improving the traffic capacity of an intersecting road, comprehensively and optimally creating a new planning design concept, and fundamentally playing the roles of slow blockage, safety, stability, comfort and control of continuous orderly traffic. And the stability, comfort and control traffic of the road network is ensured to be closer to or equal to the design capacity, energy is saved, emission is reduced, blue sky is protected, the earth is protected, the whole world is benefited, and the development of human beings is promoted.
Background
The existing road takes the speed per hour as a key parameter, the faster the speed, the larger the radius of a curve, and particularly the occupied area range of a cross road section is wide, the existing road can be built in a matching way, the construction period is long and the cost is high, the popularization is difficult to implement, and the urban road is more limited by the influence of terrain, land, object and human characters and the modification cost is high; by adopting the traffic light control on the same plane, the traffic capacity of roads is reduced in multiples, congestion is common, the passing smooth experience is reduced, the oil consumption and the tail gas emission in the parking waiting process are increased, and the traffic distance of the vehicle is not increased by safety requirement accidents under the condition of the vehicle.
The main reason of the news of traffic jam on the expressway is that the traffic capacity is higher than the traffic capacity after confluence, or the exit cannot go forward under the influence of surrounding roads, and the rescue is difficult due to the whole line jam. Therefore, how to ensure the safety and the smooth road can be optimized and supplemented by adopting the method.
Generally, parking is limited within a distance close to the crossroad, but the red light is lightened, namely, the whole road is full, as is well known, the shorter the traffic light period is, the higher the traffic efficiency is, how to ensure that the traffic light crossroad does not stop, and various countries still research or use schemes, so that the traffic light is difficult to be widely applied.
Interchange is a well-recognized scheme, and because of geographical restriction, removal, energy conservation and emission reduction, inter-party interest, construction period and cost, how to structurally modify interchange? The underground intercommunication problem has existed for a long time.
Lines are drawn at fixed points of tidal traffic flow, and mechanical vehicles are moved, so that time and labor are wasted, and the cost is high; one of the reasons for the difficult parking jam is how to solve the problem which is difficult to solve in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem of the invention is mainly solved by the following technical scheme: a method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the method is characterized in that the planning design carries out road planning into a special road and a leisure road according to the total time requirement of the area, the road maintenance and reconstruction period and the comprehensive capacity, and the aim of meeting the total requirement of the area in the period is achieved at the starting point; the stable and smooth traffic road is calculated from a fixed maximum traffic volume and a second-level service level, the traffic exceeding the second-level service level is guided or limited, or the service level is determined according to the traffic demand of various countries and regions, the traffic volume exceeds the temporary or sudden pre-measurement part of the designed traffic volume of the existing road network, and the motor road is planned and designed according to the plan.
Preferably, the road network is a combination of common road networks, namely a groined type, a diamond shape and other shapes, and is mainly characterized in that the oblique line intercommunication road is densely planned; or a crossing and intercommunicating two-layer structure with upper and lower height drop exists, the height drop structure refers to a structure that lanes in different driving directions of one road have height structures, and the high and low parts have turning lanes to cross the other side of the road or turning connecting lanes to cross the crossed road; or left and right intercommunicating structures which are intersected at the right and left are arranged at the left, the left and right intercommunicating structures are crossed by overlines, two layers of U-shaped or n-shaped or m-shaped appearance are provided, 8 connecting channels are arranged in 4U-shaped, the connecting channels are respectively provided with one connecting channel or more connecting channels in four directions at the middle position, for example, two connecting channels in each direction are arranged in front and back; the automobile special lane with the special lane subdivision is characterized in that: the exit or the lane is provided with a diversion guide signal or a traffic stopping device to facilitate at least one lane or one layer, and the flow rate can be automatically regulated and controlled or manually switched according to the requirement within 1-600 seconds; comparing the highway: regulating signals or blocking equipment are added for crossing confluence or shunting of the special lanes; or more than two layers of roads are connected with more than two buildings in parallel or a lifting passage structure exists.
Preferably, a public transportation lane for unmanned driving; according to the priority of passing in order to make an appointment, each area is provided with an appointment interaction system or a terminal, a monitoring early warning device, or a device for propagandizing, guiding, shunting, compensating and controlling, or limiting excessive entering and realizing the conversion of road functions or driving directions; congestion reservation regulation facilities are arranged on the roads, and the front-mounted traffic reservation regulation facilities ensure smooth traffic of the roads or road networks; or a special road for the small-sized vehicle with an innovative crossing intercommunication or left-right intercommunication structure is adopted.
Preferably, the intersected roads are two layers, a group of connecting roads or a structure formed by a front and a rear ascending slopes or a descending slope is arranged on the side edges or the middle of the roads, and the distance between the front and the rear slopes on the road or between the front and the rear intersections is 5M-1000M; or the side edge and the middle of the road are respectively provided with a structure that a group of connecting channels are connected with the upper layer road and the lower layer road in four directions, each group of connecting channels are symmetrical in parallel, and each group of connecting channels is provided with two or more than two connecting channels.
Preferably, the intersecting road is a two-layer structure; in at least one road, a height drop structure exists among lanes in different driving directions of all or part of road sections; the road steering connecting road is provided with structures which are symmetrical left and right or arranged front and back.
Preferably, a road structure that part of lanes or all of lanes can be parked according to rules or applied for parking is arranged, and the road or the lanes are not provided with a lower limit vehicle speed; other lanes are defined as unblocked lanes, and the rescue lanes are forbidden to stop; according to the safety distance of driving and parking warning, an automatic reminding mark or equipment for replacing an artificial emergency placing mark is arranged in the road, or equipment for closing the road when the road is violated or early warning, regulation and rescue facilities are arranged, so that the road is guaranteed to be smooth; the reminding identification or management and control measures in the road comprise a system for detecting the vehicle speed or information interaction and a reaction device for starting management and control facilities according to the preset.
Preferably, the road structure is a modular assembly or prefabricated member; the size range of the steel-concrete structure assembly module or the prefabricated part is as follows: the integrated pipe network lighting signal waterproof, fireproof and damage-prevention regulation and control unit system is 5-45 meters long, 1-28 meters wide and 0.3-10 meters high, or the size of the prefabricated part is equal to or larger than 10 meters, 5 meters, X2.5 meters, and the integrated pipe network lighting signal waterproof, fireproof and damage-prevention regulation and control unit system can be used after installation and detection; or the road structure is a prefabricated part with a module two-layer or three-layer structure, and the road structure is mainly characterized in that a pipe network illumination signal loss prevention and control unit is integrated, the road structure can automatically move, a specific festival gathering meeting or temporary rescue is passed, and rapid emergency equipment is provided.
Preferably, in the intersecting roads, a structure of going right and left exists on the same road; or one road is provided with a right driving direction sign or signal, and the road intersected with the right driving direction sign or signal is provided with a left driving sign or signal structure; the road or intersection area can be provided with or not with a traffic signal regulating device, the indicating signal or blocking facility is a common product or an improved product such as a grating or a projection or a bar, and the intersection is provided with a traffic permitting facility or a traffic prohibiting facility.
Preferably, the intersection road has a structure with two or more layers, and two or more connection roads are arranged in each of four directions of the intersection road; at least one layer of structure is only used for driving vehicles or can be used for transfer at the level intersection.
Preferably, the transfer areas are arranged in intersection ranges on the same plane, the intersection ranges refer to intersection areas or intersection four-corner positions, or the intersection ranges refer to transfer distances of any direction of the intersected roads within 200 meters.
Preferably, in each block or village or the range of a road network of a whole city kilometer, according to a preset line or a guide line, a fixed-point departure or door-to-door matching receiving and sending is carried out through a pre-reservation interactive system, and the stable public transportation is served for 24 hours; the transportation means used in the block range or on the road refers to an unmanned means with a preset driving and parking rule line or a mobile means for completing the delivery by an on-demand reservation interaction system, and can be complementary with a subway or common bus extension or form an independent system.
A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the method is mainly characterized in that the public transport uses an innovative operation method, and the innovative operation method is a public transport system for reserving interactive priority passage or six-station passage to reach stable time; or a method for ensuring the non-stop traffic of the road by using innovative measures, wherein the non-stop traffic method of the road is a method for realizing intercommunication by moving left and right at an intersection or a method for ensuring the road smoothness by guiding and shunting regulation and control through an appointment interactive traffic system, and the appointment interactive traffic system can automatically execute according to the preset or automatically guide and shunt or manually regulate and control in the face of temporary excess traffic.
In the aspect of design thinking: the total time of the total area is a total demand main line, the differentiation is subdivided, the distance between two points is used as a special road, the required time is reached through a road, and the high-speed traffic is prevented from using more time than slow traffic by combining stable and comfortable speed control as a primary parameter; the safe, stable, smooth and quick arrival is realized; the leisure lanes take comfort experience as a primary parameter and are distinguished or related; the leisure way is people-oriented and is fused in the living and leisure area. The method is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps of suggesting all-line supervision of a special lane, setting an upper limit and a lower limit for traffic volume, planning a lane for reserved parking, prohibiting parking of other lanes, correcting the violation of matched emergency measures or performing emergency maintenance and rescue in an urban area and an import and export dense area or a specific road section; the leisure road is parked at fixed points or reserved, and the traffic flow and the speed are respectively managed according to different areas.
The solution is as follows: the design can achieve the purposes of safe and stable comfortable traffic as required (whole-area overall planning and urban road planning re-optimization), road and road network reconstruction or construction and traffic planning optimization, and is expected to further comprehensively relieve or avoid the occurrence of congestion and accidents, save energy, reduce emission and benefit the nation and the people's profit the world! The road intersection section traffic force is stable, the total amount of low-efficiency traffic is reduced and shunted, the road is rapidly expanded and rebuilt according to needs, the traffic rule is optimized according to needs, and all-round integration of functions of various types of pipe boxes and leisure roads is realized.
The design scheme is as follows: the regular design of the original road and road network is optimized according to the steady, smooth and on-demand traffic volume, and the method is a powerful supplement of step-by-step subdivision of the long-range planning; different from the design based on the maximum traffic volume and the long-distance traffic volume of common roads, the scheme adopts the short-term fixed traffic volume, adds the minimum fixed traffic demand predicted by the long-distance view of each stage, designs according to the first-stage traffic service level, and adds the temporary demand to ensure the traffic volume of the special roads of each stage, keeps the traffic volume from the first stage to the second stage service level, sets the lane stop prohibition of the lower limit vehicle speed, can realize the alternative standards of each region of each country, and has road planning structure, intersection and intercommunication and the like which are shown in each legend.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a right-hand country intersection road, which is different from a conventional road in that a part of lanes or roads can be steered as required.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a left-hand country intersection road, which is different from a conventional road in that part of lanes or roads can be steered as required.
FIG. 3 is suitable for different countries and regions, and roads or lanes can be steered according to requirements; this document generally refers to the motorized lane, emergency support design.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a left-right intersection area, and the non-stop traffic or traffic capacity is more easily stabilized than that of a conventional road.
The schematic diagram of the plane intersection road of fig. 5 is drawn from left to right, which is different from the conventional road running direction, and the dotted arrow has a new mark.
Fig. 6 has the function of the structure of fig. 5, and the areas (10), (11), (12) and (13) are added with a four-corner transfer structure of public transportation, such as diagonal transfer.
Fig. 7 is an illustration of a conventional road, where a small amount of traffic is defined as a leisure road and a crossing with a large number of traffic fluctuations is suggested to be modified as follows.
FIG. 8 shows a structure of a transverse road going left and right, wherein roads on two sides are leisure roads according to habits, and a special road is arranged in the middle; can be switched as required.
The vertical road in fig. 9 has a structure of going left and right, which is another structure example of the change of fig. 6, and the other structure changes in the same way.
Fig. 10 is a three-layer structure, one layer is a leisure road, and the other two layers are crossing road layers where special lanes for cars or cars can pass.
Fig. 11 shows a three-layer structure, one of the structures that the upper layer and the lower layer of the one-way road can cross the intersecting road structure in an up-and-down mode and can pass without stopping.
Fig. 12 is an example of a variation of the configuration of fig. 11, primarily the steering configuration or position being different, with the lateral right turn being in the middle of the vertical road.
Fig. 13 and fig. 8 show the difference between the horizontal road signs, mainly considering the original passing habits of different countries, and the structure of fig. 6 is changed for example.
Fig. 14 is a variation of fig. 10, and a straight overpass structure is adopted, so that the trolley lane with less turning amount can be used for straight right turning or straight left turning.
FIG. 15 is an example of a variation of the structure of FIG. 11, one of three layers of intercommunicating structure; the road intersection area can be matched with a bus station as required.
Fig. 16 is also a variation of fig. 11, with a transverse section of road or the entire road being two or three layers and the intersection area being a three layer structure.
Fig. 17 shows that different road layers correspond to different requirements: (28) is an intersecting road, (29) is a connecting road, (30) is an intersection transfer area, (31) is a leisure road, (32) is a transfer area or an interweaving area; (33) four corners are transferred to a selection area; the practical and creative values are illustrated.
FIG. 18 is a diagram of the innovative two-level interworking structure that can be understood by passing through the communication structure as indicated by the arrows; or may be learned by the practice of the invention in various modifications and alternative constructions.
FIG. 19 is one of the changes of the innovative two-layer communication structure, the four-steering inlet and outlet are arranged in the middle of the road in the front and at the back; 2 not shown are ports in the upper vertical portion.
Fig. 20 shows a half-intercommunicating structure as a visible portion, and a variation of the two-layer intercommunicating structure is shown by adding connecting channels to a vertical non-shown portion; the steering can be connected with a garage block.
Fig. 21 shows a half-intercommunication structure, and two sides of a road in four directions are provided with connecting roads arranged in front and at back, and the two-layer intercommunication structure is illustrated by arrows.
Fig. 22 shows an example of the left-right intercommunication recommendation structure, in which 4 peripheral right-turn links correspond to the numbers (1), (4), (5) and (8), and the intersection main roads correspond to the numbers (15), (16), (17), (18), (19) and (20) of the regions; (14) (3) (13) (7) (9) (10) (11) (12) correspond to 8 connecting channels, 4 straight lines can be realized by driving according to the arrow steering, and the full intercommunication of turning around 4 directions can be realized by 8 directions; (21) a block parking lot and the like, (22) a controllable entrance and exit of a special lane; as will be described in more detail.
Fig. 23 shows a recommended example of a crossing intercommunication structure, wherein (1) (2) (7) (8) two intersecting roads can go straight across a line, and (3) (4) (5) (6) (9) (10) (11) (12) are left-turn or right-turn connecting roads respectively, and turning channels at two ends of the connecting roads can be increased or decreased as required.
The main features of the structure of fig. 24 are: (17) (20) the connecting road can be used as a street special road or a garage connecting special road; the traffic flow is less called a leisure way.
Fig. 25 shows an example of a change of a cross-intercommunication structure, and has the common characteristic that the occupied space is small, and the full intercommunication is realized by adopting an innovative two-layer structure.
FIG. 26 varies across the interworking structure by yet another example, and other similar variations are equivalent.
FIG. 27 shows a preferred embodiment; 4 peripheral connecting roads (1) (4) (5) (8) intersecting the main road (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) area; (2) (3) (6) (7) (9) (10) (11) (12) correspond to 8 connecting channels; (21) the method comprises the following steps of (1) street parking, (22) entrance and exit, and (13) and (14) reserved area greening.
Fig. 28 is a subdivision recommendation that on the basis of fig. 27, car-specific connecting channels are added in (23), (24) and (25), and a diversion or blocking device is used in (26).
In fig. 29, the left-turn connecting road of the right vertical road in the lower half part of fig. 29 shows a full-intercommunication structure, and the half-intercommunication and the road network full-intercommunication structure are shown according to the figure.
In fig. 30, the left-turn connecting road of the vertical road on the right side of the lower half part of the graph shows a full-intercommunication structure, and the half-intercommunication and the road network full-intercommunication structure are shown according to the graph.
FIG. 31 partial features: (2) the connection channel has interweaving at (17), (5) and (10) the connection channel has interweaving with (18), (3) and (4) and (12) the left turn connection channel.
FIG. 32 is a diagram illustrating an example of a communication network.
FIG. 33 is an example of a road network comprising a plurality of intercommunicating roads.
Fig. 34 shows a split road interchange structure, where (1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), (9) are the entrance and exit of a steering connecting road, and (5) a lifting channel is provided with a lifter.
Fig. 35 is an exemplary diagram of a split road interworking structure class.
FIG. 36 is a diagram illustrating an example of a road network for a new idea design; the general benefit assembly general traffic time concept creates a structure and a protection method to prevent slow blockage.
Fig. 1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12 corresponds to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8, fig. 10, fig. 11, fig. 12, fig. 9x.10 x.11 d, fig. 13, fig. 14, fig. 15, fig. 16, fig. 3d, fig. 17, fig. 3g, fig. 18, fig. 3h, fig. 19, fig. 3k, fig. 20, fig. 3n, fig. 21, fig. 3m, fig. 22, fig. 3y, fig. 23, fig. 3x, fig. 24, fig. 3z, fig. 25, fig. 3t, fig. 26, fig. 3b, fig. 27, fig. 3a, fig. 28, fig. 3p, fig. 29, fig. 3s, fig. 30, fig. 3j, fig. 31, fig. 3w, fig. 32, fig. 3u, fig. 33, fig.
Detailed Description
By the multidirectional design optimization, safe and smooth passing time is taken as a primary parameter, the construction period cost is reduced, no traffic light is used for waiting for congested comprehensive roads and road networks, the overall improvement stability of the passing capacity of the roads and the road networks is realized, and the comprehensive benefits of multidirectional energy conservation and emission reduction are actually improved; the city plans multilayer block structure, for example underground two-storey terrestrial two-storey plus ground total five-storey 8KM long block, and comprehensive benefit is high.
Example (c): stopping in the lane exceeding 40 KM/H; the minimum traffic volume of the road or the section of road is fixed, and when the minimum traffic volume is larger than the maximum traffic volume of a single lane, a bus lane or a trolley lane or other special lanes are set; the public transport special lane is designed separately or combined with the leisure lane; the number of lanes corresponds to that of single lanes, double lanes, four lanes and eight lanes in a matching manner, the forecasting requirements of the distant view traffic volume are matched, and the difficult problems of long period, high cost and the like of difficulty in removal and migration are avoided by adopting a plane reserved land or in-situ multi-layer mode in planning and later reconstruction and expansion; the leisure road is a passing road and a living area, so that the passing amount is mainly calculated by taking the flow of people as a main standard, the traffic flow is assisted, and the leisure road at least ensures the smoothness of one lane; the four lanes are recommended to ensure that more than two lanes are smooth, and the traffic flow recommendation of the special lane is less than 720 pcu/h/ln; the common six lanes and the non-motor pedestrian lanes are changed into intersection interchange full-intercommunication eight lanes or four lanes or special lane leisure lanes connection structures; the leisure lane is preset through the highest comfortable pedestrian flow, the limited number of vehicles reaches the comfort, and the special lane for vehicles limits the speed of the traffic flow to be controlled in advance according to the first-level to second-level service level. When the fixed temporary traffic flow exceeds the secondary service level of the special lane and the areas on the two sides of the road are not enough for diversion, the compensation diversion or the motor lane is guided to solve special situations of specific large flow, excessive temporary traffic flow, obvious tidal traffic flow or sudden lack of parking spaces and the like.
The road is built according to a two-year construction period: 2400 vehicle fixed flows per hour after 5 years, the primary service level is 600pcu/h/ln, the special lane is a bidirectional 4-lane, the two-side leisure lanes are two lanes respectively, the special lane leisure lanes are designed in a plane or an upper layer and a lower layer, a green-shade living construction land is matched or reserved, the fixed traffic requirement of 10 years is met by the roads after two years, the extension opportunity is corrected according to the actual reserved flow, a double-layer or three-layer road is constructed, the road beyond the primary service level is temporarily used as a garage or a leisure service area, and the long-distance scene requirement of 20 years only needs two layers of 8 lanes; considering 24-hour stable bus planning, the fixed traffic flow may not increase or decrease after 10 years, the waiting time is 0-5 minutes after 20 years according to the calculation of 8 thousands of seating buses per hour, the stability is equal to or higher than that of the existing subway high-speed rail, and the middle-short distance trip is safer, more economical and more rapid; the fixed-point waiting time is ten minutes, and the appointed departure in few people flow time periods is mainly.
Road extension, reconstruction and innovation: the concept of energy conservation and emission reduction and reduction of construction influence periphery is adopted, and an innovative scheme is adopted to achieve two-layer intercommunication of intersecting roads or intercommunication of road networks, so that the difficulties of limited terrain or environmental protection, high removal cost, long construction period and the like are reduced; the construction is preferably finished at one time, or the construction in stages does not influence the traffic and is not idle; and the conditional proposal adopts a modular building method to reduce the reconstruction and extension period and reduce the road construction influence.
Driving according to the instructions and meeting the traffic regulations of various countries; the method for regulating and controlling reservation of the whole road section ensures that the traffic is smooth and congestion is solved;
(publicity, habits, identifying signs, signals, controls, interactions, guidance, etc.); the method is characterized in that a reservation regulation system is added to a highway, violation-correcting compensation measures are strengthened, the attachment rate of rules and actual traffic is maintained, the reserved parking can be realized by a lane without or only with the upper limit of vehicle speed, the parking is forbidden if the lower limit of the vehicle speed is set, a compensation mechanism of special lane matching and a full-section reservation regulation method perfectly solve the rule contradiction that the highway is necessary to stop due to congestion.
Fig. 36, fig. 3f, corresponding to fig. 36, are views of an example of urban road network planning, where a dedicated road network or a leisure road network is set according to the total traffic rate demand of traffic between each point or area, to form a structural mode of intercommunication of crossroads or diagonal crosses or intercommunication of road networks at a certain distance, and the total cost of total mileage in total use is innovatively adopted as a parameter standard for planning evaluation.
1) And comprehensively analyzing the actual traffic capacity, especially the fixed traffic and the temporary traffic, of all roads and congested road sections in the range, and further optimizing the road and road network scheme to be a stable comfortable control design corresponding to the high peak value of each time period (the larger the traffic flow of each road is, the smaller the value of the time period is, the more the analysis is enhanced), so that the situation that the temporary solution is not controlled by the temporary solution is avoided, and the situation that the temporary solution is controlled by the temporary solution is avoided, or the situation that the idle resources of the roads are greatly wasted approximately due to the prediction error is.
2) In the congested road section, a new building mode of reconstruction and extension at the peripheries of two sides is adopted in advance, so that the smooth public traffic is increased, and the low-cost travel selection force is quickly transferred, thereby reducing the traffic flow of the road section and the peripheral roads; and planning and establishing the possibly congested road sections step by step in advance, and controlling and communicating roads at all the entrances and exits.
3) Adopting the innovative method to rebuild the crossing special road for intercommunication, the cost is more excellent and the period is shorter (the module can be found immediately) compared with the prior technical proposal
4) Optimizing intersection rules, avoiding unnecessary intersection and improving traffic force, ensuring safety and stability, and particularly reducing the diversion capacity of lanes or lane seals on tidal roads and due to reasons; the current month prize is awarded according to the appointed passing, the current month prize is awarded, and the management department is ensured to be orderly or promoted.
5) Forming a stable and comfortable road network, performing interactive traffic as required, and reserving an interactive mode to achieve total requirements or individual requirements, so that the method is suitable for various industries.
A method for guaranteeing to pass according to need, through the method to guarantee the road traffic capacity or promote the traffic capacity, the biggest characteristic is through integrating the optimization innovation, guarantee to be steady and comfortable, divide into specialized road and leisure road with future road planning now, can interconvert or make up and apply between the two, the specialized road compares the existing expressway, have more safe and stable, comfortable and swift and orderly controllable advantage, advance the reservation mechanism or reservation and add the traffic data to predict, compare and predict according to the traffic data, lie in thinking the mode difference; the leisure way is people-oriented, green shades are connected in a large number in the future, a special way is close to the leisure way or is positioned in the leisure way in a bus special way, and the lower limit of the speed per hour of the bus special way is set to be more suitable for drivers to exercise or to walk far; a lane with the lower limit speed per hour is not arranged, so that the device is suitable for novice practice or slow walking at an entrance; the advantage of making parameters in the total time of the area is very obvious, the development history of the road is the first creation, and the discovery and technical application have great historical significance; the new inspection standard is created between two points, and the defect that the local shortening is realized but the total time or the total cost is increased is avoided.
The difficulty created by the invention is that the technical problem is often proposed or discovered, and the technical problem is easier to solve by applying related technical means after the technical problem is discovered. Thus, the non-obvious discovery of technical problems is also an aspect of measuring whether an inventive creation is inventive or not. The equity cost time is a common evaluation standard, but when the total equity cost is used, the equity cost is ignored or is difficult to find due to various reasons, and is not wanted to be adopted or cannot be applied due to reasons such as the equity distribution neglect or the technical difficulty and the like; the discovery and the application of the inspection method are carried out in each time period by taking the total cost of the total rights and interests as the total time, so that the method has great practicability, creativity and novelty; the application and popularization of the good methods are not found in the description for N years, so the selected bulletin is public, the group of rights is hopeful to be integrated after verification in various regions of various countries, a preferred scheme is recommended, all the parties can obtain or will obtain the rights, all the parties can quickly popularize and apply the rights, the global society is benefited, the reserved, stable and comfortable passing method relates to various industries, a plurality of products are also provided, the method is suitable for being widely applied in the global after the integration, optimization and innovation, and the detailed products of the description can be innovated and practical by at least hundreds; welcome the development of cooperation and promotion.
Fig. 36 is an example of an urban road network in the full-area planning: the crosshair + diamond + auxiliary-dedicated roads are communicated with each other, and the leisure roads of the dedicated roads are comprehensively planned according to the general demand of smooth point-to-point, wherein the speed per hour of the leisure roads is generally lower than 40KM/H, and the crosshair + diamond + auxiliary-dedicated roads are people-oriented, are suitable for pedestrians, driving or mobile equipment or roads where vehicles pass and are different from various dedicated roads; the vehicle special road containing the lowest speed limit of 40KM/H is at least a two-lane road or a plurality of lanes, the distance between the same-direction special roads is more than 100 meters and preferably not more than 10 kilometers, the speed limit sign is fixed or the speed limit is adjusted as required, the lane without the lowest speed limit can reserve and stop, and the vehicle special road is generally used for areas with dense imports and exports or congested road sections; if 3F, in the graph 36, a four-lane or eight-lane special lane is arranged at 2 kilometers horizontally on average, a special lane is arranged at 6 kilometers vertically and obliquely, the special lane can be connected with an underground garage, a ground garage or an overground garage, the special lane or a leisure lane is increased or decreased in an area as required, the special lane is provided with 24-hour fixed-point access or reservation point-to-point nearby, stable and comfortable buses are directly accessed from doors to doors, six rapid stations are arranged every 2 kilometers, and the two innovative characteristics are reservation or direct access; and selecting leisure buses or various public driving devices to correspond to slow driving requirements or other passing requirements.
For example: in the urban area of 30 kilometers, add horizontal 15, add vertical 5, add slant 10, there are 30 exclusive lane X4 lane X1000 at least in total, can pass 12 ten thousand X every hour according to 10 hours and pass every day 120 ten thousand that can pass in every day, dense leisure way public transport: the region is point-to-point, the service is carried out when the door is opposite to the door 24, the public transport is directly reached in the straight-going direction, or the six-station access is mainly carried out, and public transport means such as leisure and the like are supplemented; the inter-city planning is direct or transfer, the fixed-point departure interval of the buses is 30 seconds to 5 minutes, the co-stop transfer is carried out, the fixed-point departure interval of the leisure buses is 5 to 30 minutes, the appearance is beautiful and as a picture, and the interactive reservation bus system only needs to remember the transfer and steering at the intersection or the delivery of waiting buses, so that the smoothness is ensured, the energy is saved, and the emission is reduced. In the urban range of 60 kilometers, at least 60 special lanes with 4 lanes or more are provided, and more than 240 thousands of cars can pass in every day; 60 groups of city rapid buses or subway groups, more than 360 groups of interval buses and more than 225 groups of manned or unmanned equipment are added, village block or platform direct access is realized, and a city public reservation total system is formed.
In the crossed roads, at least one group of structures consisting of front and rear uphill slopes or downhill slopes achieves crossing steering, and the distance between the front and rear uphill slopes or downhill slopes is 5M-1000M; the crossroad adopts four-inlet and four-outlet, four groups of 8 inlets and outlets are in full intercommunication steering, the inlets and the outlets are arranged on one side or two sides or in the middle of the road, the front and back structural design has the main advantages that the steering or motor-driven regulation and control steering is adopted, or the front and back structural design is adopted when the terrain width is limited, the design of the right-going road is mainly used for left-turning and is also suitable for entering and exiting a garage, the right-turning is solved by the left-going road, and the scheme does not stop the vehicle to pass through one of the crossed.
The urban leisure road is provided with a public transport means with or without driving for 24 hours, so that short-distance connection or direct reservation can be realized; when multiple lanes are used, at least one lane is ensured to be smooth, at least two lanes are recommended to be forbidden to stop in four lanes, people and vehicles give a mutual concision, and people or unmanned automatic error correction tools or rescue equipment are selected and matched; when the leisure lanes of the special lanes are adjacent and complementary, the lowest speed of the lanes close to the leisure lanes is equal to or lower than the highest speed limit permitted by the leisure lanes, and the speed per hour generally corresponds to the regulations of different countries and regions, wherein the upper limit is 60 or 40KM/H, and the lower limit is 30 or 10 KM/H; the common upper limit of the speed of the leisure way is 5,10,20,30 and 40KM/H, the special way is forbidden to stop, the leisure way is reserved or stops for a short time under the fault condition, and rescue or dragging is carried out by a driver or an unmanned driving tool when the speed is overtime; the access control can be marking, interactive prompting, lighting, projection, stop levers and the like, and the isolation belt is generally arranged in the middle of the leisure road of the special road to ensure the smooth passing of traffic flow and pedestrian flow; or the pavement layer is a leisure road, and the lower layer or the upper layer of the pavement is a special road; for 4800/H large traffic road sections, bidirectional 8-lane special lanes are adopted, or 9600 16-lane special lanes at the upper layer and the lower layer per hour are selected to be adjacent to each other; the special road intersection area suggests matching according to local conditions, or at least one road is of a two-layer structure or a three-layer structure, so that the most powerful guarantee condition is provided for road intercommunication; when the high-flow road adopts a multilayer structure, the leisure road special roads can be arranged on one layer or multiple layers, if more layers of structures exist, the multilayer structure road is connected with block living areas on different layers as required; the special lane can adopt different layers and be used as special lanes with different speeds, such as urban fast or intercity high-speed special lanes, the distance between an inlet and an outlet is short, and no emergency parking lane is needed.
Time-stable bus
The traffic mode of global traffic, national high-speed region direct, city direct or six-station direct: the city domain description mainly integrates the optimization innovation content:
1S, planning and integrating roads to optimize and innovate design by total development planning and total time and total cost of total traffic of the whole city
2S, taking stable time as a first key point, implementing comfortable and quick service, and taking stable time as a design premise of an emergency plan for optimization and innovation
3S, direct or six-station access is a public transportation innovation point, and the reserved departure is adopted when waiting and transferring overtime or idle time is reduced
And 4S, optimizing an entitlement evaluation system, and obtaining total cost satisfaction of total passing mileage total time and a social comprehensive benefit performance value.
A1. The traffic is reserved according to needs, the traffic is interactive, the vehicle dispatching of the train number is optimized, the resource utilization is higher and more stable, the expected value of the trip is closer, the vehicles are fully seated and all go to the same destination, the direct point-to-point of a special vehicle is realized, the resource integration is high, the government has fun, the happiness of the people is improved, and the dream of the strong country is realized!
A2. Adopt fixed line manned or unmanned in the village or two kilometers in the block, public vehicle roadside platform parking mode, reach full seat rate automatic departure or departure at any time according to the reservation, door to door seamless bus connection transfer is fast, realize the target that reaches when 24 hours safety is steady, reach six stations in ten kilometers distance (play six stations in the end or according to each district demand standard), subdivide crowd characteristics on this basis again, add leisure bus alone (the special public transit of the slow crowd of action, special demand bus), promote the comfortable satisfaction of going on a journey, to current short distance mode of going on a journey, life mode produces very big influence.
Public vehicles come from villages or individuals on streets of social group enterprises, public traffic management or operation enterprises complete regional matching sites are planned, common free riding is paid, riding is welcomed to the operation enterprises or management institutions, riding personnel are rewarded, or the situation that the riding personnel cannot be reserved is compensated, annual riding or riding earns money becomes possible, and other industries can further enhance the implementation of basic guarantees of all countries when people take place of posts in large quantities in an artificial intelligent automatic mode.
A3. The arrival vehicles are fixed at fixed time points, the interval of the shift is half to ten minutes, and the temporary flow of people is increased to allocate motor vehicles or change larger buses.
A4. By reducing the number of low-load or no-load vehicles, the occupancy rate is improved, the integrated optimization innovation is more reasonable through the route, the seats are changed to be full for departure in idle time, the waiting time is less than ten minutes, or the departure is carried out according to convention, and the goal of the public traffic behavior owner is really realized! The great energy conservation, emission reduction and efficiency improvement are realized.
A5. According to the traffic flow, people or unmanned vehicles are reasonably matched, and a road matching and interactive compensation guarantee mechanism is adopted, so that the time of transfer distance can be reduced by adding a crossroad as a transfer area; all fixed lines are directly or six-station communicated, and six stations are renamed and distinguished or connected, so that the comfortable and quick travel of the winding is reduced. The preferred proportion of public transit trips is improved, the number of vehicles passing on roads is reduced, more four lanes or six lanes or 8 lanes are changed into leisure lanes which are not blocked, the mode of low-load rate vehicles is reduced, energy conservation and emission reduction are achieved, environment-friendly and smooth trips are promoted, meanwhile, the road construction maintenance amount is reduced, and limited resources such as manpower and material resources are used for more needed areas, such as scientific research and exploration in unknown fields such as deep sea or space.
A6. Visual impact: the passenger car and the electric car are more convenient and comfortable to travel by sitting on the bus than driving, the limit number travel is replaced, the legal dispute is avoided, and the running amount of the passenger car and the electric car with low seat occupation rate is reduced; the bicycle leisure track body-building trip, the public transit of fixing a point on time becomes the interactive public transit when steady as required of intelligence.
A7. The main differences are: compared with a taxi network, the taxi booking is more stable, the taxi reaches a design upper limit within ten minutes after booking is successful, overtime rapid compensation is matched, and free taxi-wrapping is one of compensation measures; the 24-hour service level is stable, and is different from the situation that a public transport taxi network is too crowded or cannot get on when the taxi is contracted, and vehicles in idle time reduce the increase of waiting time or directly stop for no vehicle to take; the bus stops at each station or each block, which is different from the bus centralized parking, and is a main reason for ensuring the accessibility within ten minutes; the reserved buses can be used for car-packing and carpooling at any time according to the priority, or the full seat rate is achieved, so that the difference from the unstable car-packing mechanism is realized; each station determines whether to stop according to reservation, and is different from the bus that each station needs to stop at a reduced speed for determining whether a person gets on or off the bus; the six stations lead to the same direction of the bus, and the rapid transfer and connection mode realizes zone-to-zone and point-to-point passing, which is different from the bending of common buses, and has the advantages of more stops, more times of parking and long time of parking and driving; the bus with different seats on the same line is suitable for people and goods in different periods, the stability of the seat occupation rate is guaranteed, the no-load low seat occupation rate is reduced, the energy conservation and emission reduction are realized, and the bus is different from the common bus with the same line and the same type of vehicles, the waiting time is different in different periods, and the number of the vehicles with the no-load low seat occupation rate is large; the method solves the problem of completely fixed or temporary successful passing requirements according to the target of total cost reservation regulation and control, safety, stability, comfort and rapidness of total passing mileage, and is different from the common planning which mainly predicts the passing requirements as the target;
each item of the invention has social effect when being implemented independently; the two or more items are combined to have better synchronous application effect and can adapt to the change of dynamic traffic.
The prospect can reach the target:
the ground traffic is based on the priority of people, the traffic is slow, the device is suitable for people to stay at leisure, the activity places are relaxed, and the traffic flow is generally less than 200/h/ln.
For example, if the hourly traffic volume of road vehicles is more than 1000, a double-layer or multi-layer traffic mode is adopted, the passing vehicles and the pedestrians adopt layered zone separation traffic or plane separation, and the existing mode or other compensation matching measures are reserved under limited conditions: pedestrians are preferred on the road surface in the people-oriented section, a semi-underground layer or an underground layer is a special medium-low speed vehicle road, 1:1 parking spaces are selected, an underground two-layer quick medium-speed road, an underground three-layer high-speed road or rail crossing road, a fourth layer of rail crossing city, a deep national defense civil defense road system, and various regions of various countries can be provided according to the suggestion or maintain respective standards.
The special road for the automobile is generally a bidirectional four-lane road surface, or a medium-low speed four-lane road and a four-lane high-speed special lane road, or a double-layer or above road is a unidirectional double-lane road, or a four-lane road or an eight-lane road, or at least one layer of the special road is in bidirectional driving, the road passing on demand is gradually changed into free or rewarded according to the passing demand, the temporary or special passing adopts a compensation mode, if busy, the compensation mode is used for replacing the priority passing right, and the closing construction needs to pass by bypassing according to the requirement.
B1. The method is suitable for the global blockage relieving method: no traffic light is provided, the actual traffic capacity is increased to the designed traffic volume, each 1000 cars per hour on each lane are intersected in an overhead or underground manner at the congested intersection, and the running direction of only one of the lanes is changed to form 4U-shaped entrances and exits, so that complete intercommunication is realized! Or n or m-shaped, and the like, 4U-shapes have 8 approach bridges or connecting bodies, or connecting auxiliary roads (fig. 18, fig. 22 and fig. 27 … …), the connecting approach bridges can be communicated in four directions at the middle position, and two approach bridges are a group of 1000 vehicles with traffic capacity per hour per lane, and the theoretical basis is that: within the design total amount range, the red light stop and detour time is reduced, so that the stability and smoothness rate of the road section is improved.
B2. The traffic regulations of all countries uniformly explain that the vehicles run according to the indicated direction, and a two-way road can be understood as two special adjacent one-way roads (one section of one road is also applicable, for example, under the condition that different sections of the road adopt different running directions) to correspondingly cross and intercommunicate the drawings, so that the comprehensive advantages are more.
B3. For the crossing with traffic lights crossed on the plane, the instant method is as follows: the driving direction of one road is changed, the traffic lights are transformed into secondary green lights in one period, or the cycle period of the green lights in turn is controlled within 12 seconds, or the traffic lights are directly transformed into a cross-line intercommunication mode, or double-layer signal control.
B4. Note that: the traffic volume of each lane of the special lane is uniformly designed according to one vehicle per three seconds, or is executed according to different national standards.
B5. The intersection section is preferably provided with two lanes (for compensating the influence of intersection driving, adding emergency space, namely the maximum design traffic volume of the intersection area is 4800; when six lanes or more are intersected, a full-directional two-layer interconnection structure is preferred) (safety technology promotion and intersection optimization are carried out, the intersection distance and safety consciousness are mainly considered temporarily according to three seconds, and the following vehicles can automatically run for measuring the distance according to two seconds or one second, even shorter safety time)
B6. And averaging the single-lane smooth traffic volume by contrasting the roads with the maximum smooth traffic capacity in the range of each region of each country, and taking the average single-lane smooth traffic volume as the respective design traffic volume.
C1. A basic blockage treatment method comprises the following steps: planning and reserving travel as required, namely interactive early warning management and control before travel;
c2 Main measures: 1. the reservation system gives early warning, prevention and control and distribution in advance, such as one hour or one day in advance, or sets interaction time in a personalized mode.
C3. The normalized congested road proposes to implement double-layer road reconstruction (mainly build underground roads, and build three-layer expressway with large flow and long distance, for example, after the road is built, the road surface is a slow speed road with pedestrian priority, the semi-underground layer or the underground layer is a special road for vehicles, the traffic flow is early warned and controlled in advance, the underground two layers are express roads and expressway, the bidirectional six-lane or eight-lane urban expressway is changed into a mode that at least one lane is a lane reserved and stopped as required to serve as a fault congestion rescue line, the speed of other lanes is set as an upper limit and a lower limit, the smooth and non-stop traffic of the road is guaranteed, and the planning design is guaranteed to avoid high speed traffic congestion).
C4, for the traffic flow which must increase in five years, the traffic flow is finished in three years, and the increased flow reconstruction initiated by ten years of planning is directly completed! The planning for twenty years or longer is facilitated, and a multi-layer traffic solution scheme is reserved or planned in a topological land; and regulating and controlling the distant view target according to the road construction period.
And C5, planning and implementing the preparation and construction of the rapid maneuvering road, changing the condition that a human waits for the reconstruction and extension of the road or newly-built road, directly starting the maneuvering road to replace the dimension to modify and extend the passing of the road, and according to the circulation, the total time of the overall total demand and the total cost are prior to ensure the rights of all parts, thereby being suitable for all industries.
C6, after a plurality of jobs are replaced by robots, leisure lives of knowing that people are happy enough, wearing clothes to stretch hands and opening the mouth with meals are more and more embodied; the green shade area of the road is equal to or larger than the area of the road, the road surface is mainly a leisure road, the special road adopts the road surface or the ground and the underground, the interference is avoided, the stable and smooth traffic flow is ensured, the habitual influence of the change of the driving direction can be avoided by the underground road, and the restrictions of the driving by people are avoided by unmanned driving.
The protection points are in an innovative structure or a guarantee method, and the context is embodied as follows: the urban road planning is adapted to the urban planning, the urban road planning is dripped into the life, the traffic is predicted according to the actual traffic and the perspective of each stage, and the structure and traffic condition of the existing road are further improved by combining the comprehensive capacity of the road construction in the same period and at different time. People are courage in the process of getting, artificial intelligence is more and more practical, and people move to more and more unknown fields; the actual smooth passing regulation and control guarantee means is appointment, and compared with known means, inaccurate prediction is reduced; the method comprises the steps of road planning design, intersection structures, structures among intersections, crossing intercommunication, left-right intercommunication, multilayer road intersection structures, total time consumption inspection, total mileage total cost smoothness satisfaction criterion, bus reservation when stable, a road reservation regulation and control system, … … guarantee mechanism and compensation mechanism, realizes road smoothness balance by influencing travel demands, mainly ensures road related benefits, further drives functional departments, maintains or ensures that intersection rules are better and more practical, is more beneficial to execution, effectively balances the road smoothness method, enables the benefits to be more active and complete, and enables roads to be more comfortable and more income or not to be reduced; personnel reduced by artificial intelligence application basically ensure no loss and no reduction of life quality.
The safe and stable traffic control method specifically means that the traffic control method can lead the roads and the road networks with the shunted or blocked flow exceeding the safety and stability to be comfortable and pass according to the total traffic flow or the people flow demand data. The concrete characteristics are at least as follows: 1. on the premise of designing total traffic by road planning, taking the time required for each section of road to pass as a primary measurement identifier; 2. an interactive system is adopted to guide flow distribution and flow blocking in combination with the required traffic volume in each time period of each day; 3. rebuilding and newly building an intersecting road into a novel simple and direct intercommunicating road; 4. the traffic regulations and the parking measures are optimized, the waiting time of traffic lights is avoided, and the traffic lights pass through the traffic lights without stopping stably. The left-right intercommunication means that the road direction between two intersections is different from the intersection road, at least one driving direction is different, so that the simple intercommunication of the intersection road is realized (for example, a transverse road drives to the right, a vertical road drives to the left, or a vertical road drives to the right, and the transverse road is provided with a left driving structure); the intersecting roads are all in multilayer structures and are communicated in the same way; in the crossing roads, in the multilayer roads running in both directions, the directions of the upper and lower layers are just opposite, thereby realizing the cross-over intercommunication transformation of asymmetric traffic flow (innovative intercommunication does not contain the disclosed method of others, such as alfalfa leaf two-layer intercommunication, four-layer directional cross-over intercommunication, etc.)
The entrance or the exit can be quickly and efficiently increased or decreased as required, and each entrance can guide, separate, stop and rescue or control and adjust roads with traffic flows in different directions (distinguishing high-speed congestion parking at the holiday peak, and the emergency prevention and control function is perfectly embodied; a first-choice bus is reserved for travel in advance, and a travel route is guided in advance by interaction during driving; the cross-crossing intercommunication is based on the premise of safety and smoothness, the distance and the time duration between two points determine the optimal speed of the road intercommunication radius design, the radius or the passing time required by the intercommunication is not defined according to the road grade and the speed, the completion construction of land occupation resources which are more economical and environment-friendly is reduced, the seat occupation rate is improved by the whole road network comfort, the low-efficiency travel of vehicles is reduced, the energy conservation and emission reduction are realized, and the operator environment is improved.
The method for ensuring the safe and stable traffic comfort and control by making a reservation system go out as required, carrying out pre-control regulation in advance and relieving road pressure comprises the steps of realizing reservation, early warning regulation and control by one or a set of systems, sequencing to ensure balance of the going-out through prompting, compensation or exchange or forced restriction or combination measures and the like.
The road utilization rate is improved through global demand planning, and the biggest difference from the existing planning is that the traffic is further subdivided into fixed traffic, the traffic is predicted, the temporary traffic is predicted, the period required by road expansion is preset based on the actual maximum fixed traffic and is assisted by prediction, and the road planning design is carried out; the roads around the residential area are divided into leisure roads and special roads, and the expansion planning of parking or fixed garages is matched, so that the comprehensive cost and time for transformation or construction are reduced, and the expansion plan which is not dry but always on is implemented.
Through the transformation or new establishment of road or crossing novel structure, the crossing structure is as shown in the figure, and the guarantee or promotion traffic volume alleviate block up, novel structure road or bridge floor or tunnel, the current height of dolly is preferred to select for use, increases in the same time, promotes road traffic ability, reduces the difficult problem that the financial resources is restricted or the ground type is restricted or factors such as environmental protection are restricted, unable dilatation. The road or intersection structure is constructed in a modularized mode, and the time of influence of road repairing on the periphery is shortened.
By changing the arrangement of the station platforms of public transportation, the transfer at the intersection is realized, vehicles are allocated according to needs to reduce the vacant seat rate and improve the seat occupation rate, and by adding motor vehicles, the vehicles are more reasonably regulated and controlled, the waiting time or transfer time is reduced, the bus taking is promoted to be taken out as a preferential selection mode, and the method for reducing the vehicles going out on the road is reduced; the micro-distance short-distance travel adopts a public transportation mode, realizes seamless butt joint of medium-distance and long-distance travel, and realizes point-to-point bus and door-to-door access or direct access. The vehicle for short distance travel is preferably unmanned, fixed preset lines or special roads are walked, and the vehicles are sent to and from the village or the district or the block range by fixed-point boarding or personalized door-to-door timing according to needs.
Brief description of the drawingsthe accompanying drawings, together with the numerical identifiers, serve to explain the contents of the appended claims in greater detail: the professional of the road and bridge can quickly indicate the name function and the like of each part only by looking at the road and bridge, and the original claims are not influenced without the accompanying description; in the drawings, the distinguishing characteristics can be clear only by looking at a plurality of pictures, and the structure protection key points or the function method protection key points can be clear; some of the protection points of the partial structures shown in the attached drawings can also explain the protection points and the distinguishing characteristics in a sentence without the attached drawings, and the description with the attached drawings is clearer and easier to understand; the numbers corresponding to the connecting lines in the drawings are added with () below, and the examples (1) are equal to 1, and (2) are equal to 2.
Such as the overpass claim: the road intersection is a two-layer interchange structure, and 8 or more connecting roads connecting the upper layer road and the lower layer road form 4U-shaped or n-shaped roads; or more connecting channels form an appearance structure of m shape or W shape, or the combination of more than two shapes.
E.g., 2U-shapes plus 2 m-shapes, or 1 n-shape plus 3U-shapes or 3 m-shapes, etc.; or the middle of each road on the 4 sides of the intersection is provided with a connecting road; or the front and the back of the middle of the four roads at the intersection respectively form 4 groups of 8 inlet and outlet structures; different from a common two-layer overpass intersection, the structure that only four connecting roads are arranged on two sides of a road, or the condition that at least one of 4 connecting roads is not arranged in the middle of the road is adopted.
The novel structure, the creativity and the practicability are achieved, and the structure protection points are clear; these points are explained or contrasted further below.
The innovative functional advantages are as follows: 4U-shaped n-shaped or m-shaped can increase the steering traffic capacity or stability, and can realize two-layer intercommunication according to a guarantee method.
The expanded functions are distinguished in that: 4 u-shaped n-shaped or m-shaped w-shaped devices are added, signal or equipment regulation and control are added, and the transformation of the passing direction of at least one lane can be realized, or the direction of an inlet and an outlet can be changed by at least one inlet and outlet; the control or steering of all lanes or entrances and exits within one quarter of a clock can be realized at most.
The traffic capacity of each lane is designed to be 300-1200 per hour according to the first-level or second-level service level, and the traffic capacity of the two-way four-lane traffic capacity is equal to or greater than the traffic capacity of a conventional two-way six-lane eight-lane traffic light control intersection.
Compared with the conventional full intercommunication, the structure has the advantages of small terrain limitation, small occupied area, low cost, quick reconstruction, high efficiency, energy conservation, emission reduction and the like.
The advantages are more obvious when the semi-underground road is intersected; the structure is widely applied, and the underground intercommunication problem of each country is solved.
The structure is matched with innovative crossing full intercommunication or reserved passage, and can reduce occupied area or early warning guidance or shunting compensation regulation and control in advance, thereby ensuring smoothness.
The above 6 points are that the intersection of the conventional roads is difficult to reach or cannot reach, and the difficult achievement refers to the factors of high cost, large occupied area, difficult removal, long construction period, many terrains or other limited conditions and the like of the conventional full intercommunication; the adverse factors cannot be achieved, and the rapid and wide application is more difficult than innovation and intercommunication.
The claimed structure is embodied in multiple figures, with numbered blocks illustrated in step-by-step. The numbers of the structures 1 to 10 in the figure 27 are connecting roads of intersecting roads, the results or the functions are not influenced by other names in various countries, the passing requirements can be met without limitation by materials or construction modes, and the figures mainly protect the appearance and the deformation of the structures, ensure a smooth passing method and have practical functions or functions. Fig. 27 shows the design of a large bus and a large truck, or a special lane for a small bus or a special lane for a public bus, etc., wherein the general marks are (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), (16), (17), (18), (19), (20), (21), (22) numbers, each number represents an area or a section of road, and the overpass is an overpass with full intercommunication function in two-layer left and right intercommunication structures, which is called as a left and right full-intercommunication overpass or a left and right full-intercommunication tunnel, and is abbreviated as follows: communicating left and right; eight nine can be known by hearing or seeing the name, and the realization method can be understood by looking at the picture, the structure protection point comprises that two connecting channels or connecting bridges are respectively arranged in the four directions to form a U-shaped or n-shaped structure; the map has an m-shaped appearance applicable picture, 4 peripheral right-turning areas correspond to numbers (1), (4), (5) and (8) to form an additional structure, the additional structure is one of the extension contents of structural claims, and a left-going and right-going structure exists at the same time on a section of the same vertical road or a section between two intersections, so that the stable and smooth passing of the corresponding numbers (15), (16), (17), (18), (19) and (20) of the special roads is realized on the premise of keeping passing habits in various countries; (2) (3) (6) (7) (9) (10) (11) (12) correspond to 8 connecting channels or connecting bridges, the steering effect is achieved, the left or right turning or turning is carried out as required, the 8 areas have marked driving directions and pass according to the driving directions; the diversion confluence interweaving area is used for displaying comfortable traffic flow or widening the lengthened interweaving area as required to supplement the reduced traffic capacity of interweaving, (21) a block parking lot and the like, and (22) a controllable access of a special lane. (13) (14) the area is a green belt, which is a turning or reconstruction and expansion reserved area, and the area figure 27 can be changed into the structural effect of the connecting channel of the structures (13) and (14) in figure 22; or referring to the connection road in the middle (23), (24) and (25) area of the road in fig. 28, the passage distance is designed according to the special road for the trolley, and (26) is a steering diversion or blocking device, so that the traffic capacity of turning left and right is further optimized, the line crossing steering probability is reduced, the concentration of the confluence and diversion of the road section is further reduced, and the safety, the smoothness or the traffic capacity is stronger or more stable.
Fig. 28 is a more detailed illustration of the lane specific to the cart of the subdivided design of fig. 27. Fig. 21 and 22 are connected with an entrance and an exit of a garage of a cell or a street, and the structure can turn around and turn around, only turn around or turn around a mark as required, and a matched signal or equipment blocks the passage or opens the guide diversion passage.
The main difference of fig. 21 is that the two side passage ways are configured in front and back, and 4 groups of 8 inlets and outlets realize full communication through the connecting way.
In fig. 27, (2) and (6) areas of left-turning lanes are changed to areas (13) and (14) in fig. 22, (1) and (10), (4) and (12), (5) and (11), and (8) and (9) green belts are removed and connected into bidirectional lanes, and fig. 22 and fig. 28 mainly refer to fig. 27, and mainly refer to the change or increase and decrease of the positions of the steering inlet and outlet structures, and other similar structural changes belong to the same protection range; the whole-course regulation of the special lane is one of main parameters, if a whole-course regulation system or a reservation guide shunting system is not available, the leisure lane is generally classified, or the leisure lane of the special lane can be converted as required; FIG. 27 shows that the fixed driving direction signs can be changed into changeable driving direction signs, or signal control or equipment control is added, so that the control capability of tidal traffic flow or sudden large traffic flow can be increased, and roads or overpasses with the control capability are called as motor roads or motor overpass tunnels; temporary traffic flow or sudden large traffic flow is introduced into an automotive road to pass, which is one of the contents of the optimization schemes of road planning and design, and road related people are interested in researching and communicating; FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration of a left-right intercommunicating or cross intercommunicating structure; a new thought is planned, a structure is innovated, a method is guaranteed, and how to realize effective protection of functional effects is achieved.
Fig. 33 is a region of a lower left corner (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16), which is an entrance/exit of a connecting road of an intersecting road, and the connecting road adopts a ramp or ramp structure to realize left turning, which belongs to one of the full-intercommunication innovative structures capable of turning around, and the left turning direction is explained here, and other driving directions look at arrow marks or pass by referring to other drawings; (9) the inlet corresponds to a left-turning arrow, and the left-turning arrow is completed by rightward confluence through the outlets of the communication passages (16) from the (9) to the (16); (12) the inlet corresponds to a left-turning arrow and is converged to the right through the outlet of the communicating channel (10) to complete left turning; (14) the inlet corresponds to a left-turning arrow and is converged to the right through the outlet of the communicating channel (11) to complete left turning; (15) the inlet corresponds to a left-turning arrow and is converged to the right through the outlet of the communicating channel (13) to complete left turning; all the inlets and outlets can be reversed as required, or the positions of connecting roads can be changed, the tidal traffic flow can be stably regulated and controlled, or the inlets and outlets on the two sides of the road are added, so that a new road structure shape is formed; the diagram runs right and left in the same way; and taking factors such as terrain or cost extension into consideration, recommending and innovating the intercommunicating structure construction by way of example.
The corresponding positions of the numbers of the right lower corner belts (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) in fig. 33 are the connecting roads of the intersecting roads of the upper and lower layers, the connecting roads adopt ramps or planes or combinations, the connecting positions are underground or semi-underground, the ground, a low-level bridge or a viaduct and the like are single or combined, compared with the conventional road intersection, 4 connecting roads are ensured to pass through one road, the innovative structure is characterized in that two or more connecting roads are arranged in each direction, 8 connecting roads form a U-shaped n-shaped appearance, and the two-layer structure is fully communicated; the matched signal or resistance control equipment can automatically or as required regulate and control the steering traffic in all directions, respond to tides or temporary sudden large traffic flows, and obviously improve and stabilize the efficiency; the designated direction of the diagram corresponds to the diagram 4, and mainly corresponds to a fixed large traffic flow, in this example, safety and smoothness are considered, the service standard is designed according to 1000 vehicles with the upper limit traffic capacity per hour in a first-level to second-level bidirectional four-vehicle-way lane, the lower limit traffic flow is increased according to the special lane description, and the road which does not reach the lower limit traffic flow is returned to a leisure lane; part of the leisure lanes can be converted into special lanes at the vehicle peak or according to the requirement; according to the standard or the existing standards of various countries, for example, China generally considers that the three-second interval is safe, the upper limit of the traffic is 1200pcu/h/ln, and the two-second interval is safe in the U.S. part area, the upper limit is 1800 vehicles, the conditional area can be designed as 600pcu/h/ln according to the first-level service level, or the upper limit or the lower limit is set according to the number of the traffic; the public transport lane is better set according to the number of passing people or the efficiency.
The original road or highway name calling in each region of each country is different, and the construction names are different or diversified, so that the structure or the smooth passing efficiency is not influenced; the road capable of passing vehicles in the whole scheme is divided into two major types of special roads or leisure roads according to the innovative planning design thought, the special roads can be understood according to the literal meaning and correspondingly guarantee the passing, generally refer to the road specially used for vehicle running or equipment tool moving, the special roads are divided into the special road for high speed special road and low speed truck according to the vehicle speed, and are divided into the special road for vehicles, trolley special road, bus special road, track special road, special vehicle or equipment tool special road and the like, the special roads are different from the general roads or highways in the planning design thought, the special roads use the fixed minimum flow and the maximum fixed flow as main parameters, avoid the problem that the road width has less traffic flow or the fixed traffic flow exceeds the passing capacity, the diversion regulation and control are guided in advance through the reservation passing system, the whole road section avoids various types of interference, and measures such as emergency rescue or rapid lane change are matched, ensuring the smoothness of passing according to needs.
The leisure roads are people-oriented and mainly pedestrians, few vehicles or roads capable of moving equipment or tools are allowed to walk slowly, the moving speed is generally within 40KM/h, and the leisure roads can be switched to special roads for use as required and generally do not exceed 60 KM/h; each road section slow moving standard or according to the regulations of each country.
A connecting part or a road section of a village or a garage in a street, or a connecting part of a road and a road, a bridge, a highway and a tunnel connecting section are called as a guide way, a secondary way, a connecting channel, a bridge approach, a ramp, a secondary way, a ramp, an automobile ramp, a linear ramp, a curve ramp, a bend, a connector, a lead and the like; including hoistways such as elevators, generally referred to herein as: a connecting channel; if a bridge or other name is used, it does not affect its meaning or effect, and does not affect the claims; the partial road sections or positions are structured together, and the results are not influenced by the use or different connecting paths. For example, roadside parking places or parallel garages, or roads are spare garages, or lifting bridges can form road plane intersection or three-dimensional intersection and the like.
Fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, and fig. 4 are simplified block diagrams of a road intersection area, which can be matched with an identification signal or equipment control to realize non-stop traffic.
FIG. 1 is a diagram of a fixed arrow road section in FIG. 2, which corresponds to a country or region that moves to the left and to the right, respectively, and an intersecting dedicated road has no fixed arrow mark, and when the direction is turned, the whole road section is regulated, prevented from interfering and preventing traffic flow from exceeding the limit; the traffic volume is changed and promoted according to needs in tidal time intervals, the system is particularly suitable for road sections with obvious and relatively fixed tides, all intersected roads in the graph 3 are not fixed in driving modes, the regulation and control are completely carried out according to reserved traffic or temporary traffic volume, compared with other intersected roads, the strain traffic capacity is higher and more stable, the special roads are also called as motor road sections or motor overpasses, motor roads with different types or grades can be planned in a conditional area according to the range of 1 kilometer to 10 kilometers, for example, a transit road increases a reservation regulation and control system, and the system can be more suitable for temporarily increased or sudden large-flow traffic; fig. 4 shows that the intersecting roads go to the right and left, which form the simplest and most effective intercommunication of two-layer structure, i.e. left-right intercommunication for short, and are suitable for large fixed traffic flow, limited terrain space, controlled cost of various types, tight reconstruction period, and the like, and the best interchange or interchange network is preferred, and compared with fig. 3, the construction or maintenance cost is low, and the main point is that the guiding signal regulating and controlling equipment is reduced; the overall planning design of the map 36 is mainly designed, the total traffic volume of each point is separated from the fixed traffic flow and the temporary traffic flow according to the smooth requirement, and the reservation regulation system is matched to treat both symptoms and root causes.
FIG. 5 shows that the intersection is crossed in a common plane, one crossing road runs to the right and the other crossing road runs to the left, and the intersection can pass without stopping by matching with corresponding signal control or limiting measures; at an intersection with a traffic light, the traffic light can be adjusted to reduce the parking waiting time in a real-time manner, so that the traffic capacity of the intersection is greatly improved, the traffic in six directions is changed in two directions every time, a control unit keeps sidewalks of the intersection, or the pedestrian flow and the traffic flow are completely separated, the pre-control requirement of a driver or an unmanned driver is met, the green light time is 1-60 seconds every time, the green light is used for the second time for one cycle period, or the orderly traffic is controlled by adopting laser projection guidance or other signal guidance modes; the method can make the traffic volume approach or reach the grade of interchange, and sets a distance as a synchronous signal of a speed regulation area, an arrow mark with a dotted line as a sequential traffic mark under a newly added condition, and sequential steering is not influenced on the premise of preferentially passing vehicles.
Fig. 6 shows that (1) (2) (3) (4) moves to the right, (5) (6) (7) (8) moves to the left, (9) the intersection, the regional position function diagram 5 is the same, fig. 6 is added with (10) (11) (12) (13) a public traffic four-corner transfer structure, pedestrians pass through the intersection to avoid the intersection from being interlaced with the traffic, no pedestrian crossroads are arranged at the level intersection, the traffic is lifted by increasing the lanes at the common level intersection, and the left-right movement is a method for guaranteeing the traffic, for example, the green light is set to 3 seconds or 6 seconds 9 seconds every time, and the pedestrians can pass through the intersection without stopping the vehicle; the bus station can create conditions for buses to stop at four corners of the intersection, and each 50 meters or stations are set as required to interactively reserve for getting on or off the bus, so that the efficiency is increased, the satisfaction is improved when the buses stop and transfer waiting are reduced, pedestrians are not interwoven with traffic flows, or the buses can better ensure the safety of the intersection when walking on leisure lanes, and multiple purposes are achieved.
Fig. 7 shows the same principle of left-right driving, and a leisure road is defined when the traffic flow is small, and a crossing with more fluctuation of pedestrian flow and traffic flow is suggested to be reconstructed into an upper and lower layer leisure road or a special road with traffic lights, and when the traffic flow is larger than the traffic flow of a single lane of the special road, the left-right communication or the cross-crossing communication is performed.
Fig. 8, fig. 9, fig. 13 show a variation of fig. 5 and fig. 6, in which the main points are that there is a leisure track on the side of the dedicated track, and the driving directions are opposite, so that the section or the road has a shape structure that the left and the right run.
FIG. 10 is a three-layer structure, one layer is a leisure road, the other two layers are intersected roads, a trolley special road adopts the structure of FIG. 28 or a left-right intercommunication structure such as FIG. 22, and the trolley special road runs in a fixed or regulated indication direction; the special lane for the trolley is mainly suitable for the trolley, and the area of leisure and living of pedestrians needs to be considered in a key point, the special lane for the trolley is a bidirectional 2 lane or 4 lane, and corresponds to 300 plus materials 1200pcu/h/ln or 600 plus materials 1200 pcu/h/ln; the passing upper limit of four crossed lanes is 4800/hour, the passing upper limit of eight lanes is 9600/hour, the passing amount of the special lane is the minimum value to prevent idling after the special lane is put into use, and the congestion is prevented by the maximum value.
FIG. 14 is a variation of FIG. 10, which is a straight overpass structure, the lane dedicated to the trolley can only go straight to the right or only go straight to the left, and part of the lanes are turned to the leisure lanes to achieve half-intercommunication or full-intercommunication, or there are traffic lights. FIG. 11, FIG. 12, FIG. 15, FIG. 16 are three-layer structures, the same point is that a road is divided into an upper-layer one-way road and a lower-layer one-way road, and the difference is whether a leisure road is adjacent to a special road or not, and whether a bus station is in the range of a junction or not; in the multilayer road structure, at least one-way road combination running in the opposite direction is arranged; or a combination of at least one layer running in the right direction and at least one layer running in the left direction.
3D, FIG. 17 is a right arrow, left arrow or country capable of steering or left-right intercommunication; one layer controls straight going through signals, and the other layer controls steering through signals; the leisure roads are parallel to one layer, or a plurality of layers are provided with the leisure roads or blocks, the signal control period is 6 seconds or within 60 seconds of regulation and control as required, the intersection is passed without stopping the bus through signal control and speed regulation, the pressure of passing the stream of people is relieved, the smooth and stable road is realized, the underground garage blocks are arranged around the intersection, the comprehensive benefit advantage is better, the passengers can be transferred close to the platform or the intersection on the same plane, a map of the whole-city road bus is provided, the names of the passing stations of the bus lines are searched without memorizing, the milestone type innovation significance is realized, the total cost of general time, total rights and total costs are high, and the city bus is suitable for various industries; the bus trip rate is subsequently improved, the no-load low-load traffic flow is reduced, the traffic flow is less and more smooth, and the rights and interests of all parties and the environmental protection comprehensive benefits are obviously reflected.
The intersection structure reserves, guides and shunts regulation and control according to a method for indicating passing or guaranteeing smooth passing; the fixed traffic flow is less in a two-layer structure, the traffic flow is large, or most pedestrians are in a three-layer or more-layer structure; meanwhile, the system has the characteristics of a special leisure lane, can be mutually converted or fixed as required, explains traffic under the control of signals, optimizes public traffic and reduces traffic flow as a continuous target, thereby avoiding or solving existing congestion, and saving energy and reducing emission. FIG. 17 structural value example: (28) is an intersecting road, (29) is a connecting road, (30) is an intersection transfer area, (31) is a leisure road, (32) is a transfer area or an interweaving area; (33) the four-corner transfer selection area is characterized in that the intersection is stable and fast at the same floor, the transfer distance is 0-30 meters, the width of the pedestrian flow dense area is increased by 20 meters, the transfer distance can be controlled at 50 meters, when the intersection is used as a bus transfer station, buses are recommended to go straight, direct or leisure buses and the like can turn as required, the appearances or marks of different types of buses are distinguished, the transfer distance at the four corners of the intersection is 50 meters added to the width of a road, and the transfer distance at the four corners is generally within 100 meters; considering that four corners are matched with other facilities to be extended, the intersection range is limited by multiplying by 200 meters, the taxi-free or unmanned mobile tool is matched, the service level is uninterrupted in 24 hours, a parking or transfer mark is arranged every 50 meters or according to the required distance, the mark is tangible or intangible, for example, a mobile phone with Beidou or GPS positioning is arranged, the intangible positioning mark is relatively accurate and practical, the door-to-door point-to-point reservation is direct or reaches the mainstream, and the problem that the taxi cannot be reserved or is difficult to reserve successfully when a special taxi is busy and the like can be solved; the shared vehicles are not parked or placed randomly and the like; the tangible sign sets up in fixed point regularly transfer district or transfer vehicle parking district, and the transfer district can support reservation system, calls car or other auxiliary system terminals as interactive reservation, for example connects rescue system.
Example 2: when the left-turn vehicles are larger than the traffic flow specified by the leisure road design, namely the upper layer and the lower layer are all special roads, the transfer areas are positioned at four corners of the intersection; or the intersection is of a three-layer structure, the intersection area of the special lane of the second-layer automobile is of an innovative full intercommunication structure, the intersection of the two-way 4 lanes is equal to 8 lanes, and smooth passing of the trolleys within 9600 vehicles is guaranteed every hour; the leisure road public transport 240X 50 people 12000 times per hour, the special road planning is mainly four lanes or eight lanes, if need expand the volume and reform transform in order to increase the road number of layers and not expand the road width, the leisure road planning suggests two lanes or four lanes are mainly.
FIG. 18 FIG. 19 FIG. 20 FIG. 21 are examples of two-level intercommunicating structures with one set on each side of a lateral roadway or with one set of fore and aft positioned doorways in the middle of the roadway for steering or adjusting or entering a garage or block via the doorway; each graph corresponds to different semi-intercommunication or full-intercommunication methods; 3G.3M, namely FIG. 18 and FIG. 22 are recommended structure types, different in appearance structure, and all belong to full intercommunication structures capable of turning around, the left-hand side and the right-hand side exist simultaneously, four turning directions are in the same-layer intersection area, and four turning directions are finished by passing down in advance or striding up; the pedestrian takes a bus to pass through the intersection or the lifting channel or the nearby leisure channel; building a garage nearby or connecting the existing garage parking spaces around the upper and lower two-layer turning areas or roads, and planning by taking the comprehensive total cost and the social comprehensive total benefit as priority in the permission range; the structure is an innovative structure which integrates the advantages of various motor vehicle roads in various countries, and is an intersection for connecting special roads or leisure roads, is one of various shapes of structures which are combined from right to left, is matched with steering habits, can increase and decrease the entrance and exit according to needs, and integrates the advantages of various motor vehicle roads in various countries.
FIG. 18 structural description: (1) (2) (3) (4) (20) (21) (22) (23) are crossing road cross straight-going passages, (5) (6) are turning buffering merging and shunting areas, (7) (8) (9) (10) (15) (16) (17) (18) are turning inlet and outlet passages, (19) are standby rescue areas or green isolation areas, and the left side and the right side can be used as turning areas for transverse driving as required; (11) (12), (13), (14) reserve the district or leisure way for the road, (11), (14) after rebuilding as required to the connecting track of direct connection (20), (23), can form 2 m-shaped or 4U or n-shaped structures on the vertical road, the horizontal road presss from both sides the middle connecting track can form 4U-shaped or n-shaped structures, (15), (18) the connecting track is two-layer road structure from cost consideration (21), (22), factor such as topography is limited to select (20), (23) to be two-layer road structure, the comprehensive benefit of practicality or supporting street garage consider (20), (21), (22), (23) the whole is two-layer structure; (24) (25) and (26) are a block, a park, a factory, a field and the like; the special road is matched with an appointment regulation and control system or a guide shunting blocking device or a rescue plan.
Fig. 18 example of the traffic assurance method: (1) the straight line runs downwards and runs straight to (3) and continues to run straight, the right turn is finished through the connecting channel (16), (1) the left turn is finished through the connecting channel (7) or the head is turned to (8) through the connecting channel (5); (4) the straight line runs downwards and runs straight to (2) and continues to run straight, the right turn is finished through the connecting channel (17), (4) the left turn is finished through the connecting channel (10) or the head is turned to (9) through the connecting channel (6); (20) going straight to (22) going straight continuously, completing right turn to (3) through the connecting channel (15), and completing left turn through (8) or turning round to (21) through the left side of (19); (23) the straight line is moved to (21) and continues to move straight, the right turn is completed through the connecting channel (18) to (2), the left turn is completed through (9) by (23) or the right turn is completed through (19) to (22); the traffic flow is over-designed, and a guide shunting blocking measure or a towing rescue plan is started; examples are: (2) the area causes (4) slow running due to faults, (8) and (18) start shunting or blocking, or reverse running to guarantee passing.
Fig. 23, fig. 24, fig. 25, fig. 26 are less in land occupation and more in advantage, and are various structures or similar shapes which are communicated with each other in a penetrating manner, and are also called upper and lower layer single-way communication structures, and are mainly characterized in that the structures are suitable for various situations such as going to the right, going to the left, going to the right, and the like; the crossing position is not particularly limited, and the crossing can be of a planar bidirectional structure, an upper layer one-way or bidirectional passing structure or a lower layer one-way or bidirectional passing structure, or combined with leisure lanes or garage connecting lanes on two sides, so that the intercommunication after steering is realized. Compared with the method for increasing the directional intercommunication, the horn shape and the cloverleaf shape of the lane, the crossing intercommunication method has the advantages of obvious occupied area, no removal, low cost, easy construction, short period and the like; after the road is built, the road is short in communication time, safe, stable and smooth, and suitable for the common types of main lines and sub-lines of express ways and highways, and the special lanes for automobiles are subdivided into special lanes for medium and large automobiles, special lanes for trolleys, special lanes for buses and special lanes for other vehicles according to the passing vehicles; the leisure road belongs to a self-organized leisure living road, and the special leisure road has the common characteristics of the leisure road and is used for pre-controlling temporary vehicles which exceed the range; life changes due to appointments!
Cross-threading and intercommunication mean: the bidirectional passing road forms a high-low one-way road structure; comprises a structure of reverse combination of upper and lower layer one-way channels; and realizing full intercommunication.
Left-right communication means: the right-side road and the left-side road are intersected; the structure comprises a same-direction road, a right-going structure and a left-going structure; the two-layer structure can be communicated with each other.
The crossing intercommunication or the left-right intercommunication is the most exquisite, simple and efficient method for bidirectional passing or unidirectional combination roads, and the bidirectional passing intercommunication of each layer or the unidirectional passing intercommunication combination of an upper layer and a lower layer are realized through various excavation methods or shield technologies; at present, the two types of intercommunication methods are inevitably mainstream in the development trend of cities of various countries and more underground projects of current tunnel cities today or tomorrow, and the national defense road and the civil road have remarkable significance.
FIG. 23 is a representation of a cross-intercommunication structure, either high-low level or upper and lower level, embodying; the full intercommunication method which can realize 12 driving directions and 4 turning driving; (1) (2), (7) and (8) are two crossed roads, and the roads pass through linearly in a line crossing mode, and (3), (4), (5), (6), (9), (10), (11) and (12) are respectively left-turn or right-turn connecting roads, and two ends of each connecting road can be designed or increased or decreased by turning channels as required; in order to reduce the occupied land cost, the ramp is provided with an upper-layer one-way road structure and a lower-layer one-way road structure, and a separated structure or a local plane parallel structure is selected for more comfortable driving.
The special lane or the leisure lane or the special lane and the leisure lane are arranged in the bend area at the same time or the special lane and the leisure lane are separated, bidirectional turning can be carried out in a multi-layer mode, turning can be matched with garage lanes, independent turning is also suitable, and street area/garage lane turning, management and control and the like are planned as required; the road is close to the right and the left, and the road is mixed, and the high and low positions are turned left and right, so that the road has the advantages of no need of widening, and is a special one-way road and a special two-way road when the road is comfortable and stable in all directions.
The structure of fig. 24 is distinguished by: (17) (20) the connecting road can be used as a street special road or a garage connecting special road; the traffic flow is less called a leisure way.
3A.3B, FIG. 27-28, is a more detailed illustration of 3M corresponding to FIG. 22, and examples of possible variations, with broader and clearer scope of application; the traffic of 50 meters of transverse lane bidirectional 8 lanes and 35 meters of vertical lane bidirectional 4 lanes, 200 vehicles per minute are designed to pass when the vehicles are stable at the intersection, the service level of the vehicle special lane is in the range of 1-2 levels, and if the service level exceeds 2 levels, a guiding and shunting control compensation mechanism is implemented or the extension is changed; the key points are as follows: FIG. 28 FIG. 27 FIG. 22 shows a structure which, in addition to the above-described anchoring, in conjunction with an appointment control system, can be used as a road for tidal traffic, or temporarily surge in high traffic; according to the structure, the storage component can be used as a temporary mobile road to construct more easily, and is a quick and effective method for guaranteeing the service level or improving the traffic.
FIG. 27 shows the following exemplary sinking or underground communication parameters, which are widely applicable to large vehicles and small in occupied area, low in cost and fast in construction according to the special lanes for small vehicles:
1. special lane limit for car height 2.6 m, width 3m, nuclear limit for car 2T (3.5 m, height for bus, 4 m, width 3.5 m, or according to car rules, the same below)
2. The average traffic flow per lane of the special lane of the trolley is more than 6 and less than 20 vehicles per minute, and the average traffic flow per lane of the special lane of the trolley is less than 6 vehicles per minute corresponding to the leisure lane;
3. the method comprises the following steps that parking is forbidden in the whole road section, a road is connected with an underground parking space or a street garage, an appointment or fixed-point automatic parking substitute is matched, and a five-minute emergency rescue system is arranged;
4. starting a compensation system to guide and shunt according to the order of preferential passage, a frequently congested road section or a temporary large traffic flow, and selecting an emergency mobile expansion device;
5. prefabricating the structure assembly module, constructing a method for completing a reconstruction and extension scheme within one working hour, reducing the influence of road maintenance and reconstruction, wherein the method comprises the steps of vertically driving on the right, horizontally driving on the left, four left turns on the same layer, four right turns on the same layer, intercommunicating slopes of 5 percent, and designing the slope length of 30 meters to be suitable for most street districts or the slope length of the slope according to topographic conditions; the left and right or upper and lower layers of the adjacent leisure lanes are conditioned, thereby being beneficial to complementation, reducing the cost of the special lane and rescue.
6. The structure is characterized by the following innovation points: 3.3mX 7 mX0.5m cuboids with connecting structures are sequentially spliced to form a single-layer single-way or two-way or four-way lane; or a double-layer one-way lane combined structure, or a double-layer two-way lane combined structure, or a special leisure lane layered structure; the assembled plates are matched with 30T or 50T assembling equipment, and are assembled for more than 50 meters in a shift of 8 hours according to the progress of 6.6 meters per hour; reconstructing a section of street of three hundred meters into a pavement leisure road, an upper layer or a lower layer of special road; or a size range: the length of the box beam is 5 meters to 45 meters, the width of the box beam is 1 meter to 28 meters, the height of the box beam is 0.3 meter to 10 meters, or the size of the prefabricated part is equal to or larger than 10 meters, X5 meters, X2.5 meters, the integrated pipe network lighting signal waterproof, fireproof and loss-prevention regulation and control unit system is installed and detected, and the box beam can be prefabricated into a multilayer structure similar to a box beam for splicing. As an emergency rescue measure, the prefabricated member with a three-dimensional space modularized two-layer or three-layer structure is integrated with a pipe network illumination signal loss prevention and control unit, and the device can move automatically and is used for a specific festival meeting or a temporary rescue channel space.
FIG. 29 is a schematic view of a left-turn junction road of a vertical road on the right side of the lower half of FIG. 30, showing a intercommunicating structure, and showing a intercommunicating structure of roads.
FIG. 31 is a right hand row of the upper intersecting roads; the lower crossing road is close to the right and left, which is mainly characterized in that the structure of (17) (18) is that the middle of the transverse road is respectively provided with a two-way channel connection, (1) (9) the middle of the road (2) (8) connecting channels are connected by (17) (19), (6) (11) the middle of the road (5) (10) connecting channels are connected with the vertical roads of (16) (20) by (18), which is suitable for the right turn with less traffic flow; in the middle of the 2-direction roads of the vertical road, a bidirectional double-lane structure is adopted, so that fewer traffic flows can be realized by the lower four left turns in the figure 31; (7) a leisure way; (13) (14) (15) turning to the connecting road; (3) (4) (12) are left-turn connecting lanes, and the traffic capacity of 1000 vehicles per hour per lane is adapted; (2) the areas (8) and (17) and the structural areas (5), (10) and (18) are changed into grouped connecting channels designed in the front and back directions of the areas (3) and (4), so that all steering directions can be ensured to be 1000pcu/h/ln for smooth and non-stop traffic; the front and back designed connecting roads are generally double lanes, and have the advantages that the steering traffic is equal to the traffic flow of the road, and the two-lane secondary service level is matched with the four-lane primary service traffic volume.
FIG. 32 is an example of an intercommunicating road network, and FIG. 33 is a road network formed by intercommunicating roads; FIG. 34 right side employs a lifter to accomplish steering; (1) (2) (3) (4) (6) (7) (8) (9) are the entrance and exit of the steering connecting channel, and (5) is a lifting channel which is provided with an elevator or a crane or a hoist, a tower crane or other lifters and completes the steering channel changing function, and areas with the attached concept conditions can try to change the channel of a lifting device or directly connect the garage on the road; fig. 34 and fig. 35 are intercommunication structure classes of split roads going to the left, where the split structure roads have a more obvious intercommunication structure selection advantage in intersection and intercommunication, and belong to a common three-layer or four-layer intercommunication method; FIG. 34 is a diagram 35 illustrating a left turn and right turn rule contradicted by actual traffic, long-standing habits or rules; the left turning is directly leftwards, the right turning is directly rightwards, at least two inlets and outlets for completing the turning in a shunting or converging way are arranged in the middle of the split road, the turning is completed in a crossing way, and the steering is the most obvious characteristic for distinguishing other turning structures; the split roads occupy a lot of land, so that the split roads bring more optional advantages, for example, more than three layers of blocks are respectively connected with each layer of connecting channels; the crossing roads adopt special interchange lanes, and the planning design entrance can guide the diversion and regulate the roads in the whole network.
The invention has a brand new innovative idea and also has innovation or integrated optimization on the conventional technology; is a comprehensive method for treating both symptoms and root causes by planning and designing prevention ideas, road structure innovation and other modes; the total benefit is preferably suitable for being introduced or innovated by various industries.

Claims (12)

1. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the method is characterized in that the planning design carries out road planning into a special road and a leisure road according to the total time requirement of the area, the road maintenance and reconstruction period and the comprehensive capacity, and the aim of meeting the total requirement of the area in the period is achieved at the starting point; the stable and smooth traffic road is calculated from a fixed maximum traffic volume and a second-level service level, the traffic exceeding the second-level service level is guided or limited, or the service level is determined according to the traffic demand of various countries and regions, the traffic volume exceeds the temporary or sudden pre-measurement part of the designed traffic volume of the existing road network, and the motor road is planned and designed according to the plan.
2. A method of securing on-demand traffic as recited in claim 1: the road network is a combination of common road networks, namely a # -shaped road network, a diamond road network and other shapes, and is mainly characterized in that oblique line intercommunicated road intensive planning is carried out; or a crossing and intercommunicating two-layer structure with upper and lower height drop exists, the height drop structure refers to a structure that lanes in different driving directions of one road have height structures, and the high and low parts have turning lanes to cross the other side of the road or turning connecting lanes to cross the crossed road; or left and right intercommunicating structures which are intersected at the right and left are arranged at the left, the left and right intercommunicating structures are crossed by overlines, two layers of U-shaped or n-shaped or m-shaped appearance are provided, 8 connecting channels are arranged in 4U-shaped, the connecting channels are respectively provided with one connecting channel or more connecting channels in four directions at the middle position, for example, two connecting channels in each direction are arranged in front and back; the automobile special lane with the special lane subdivision is characterized in that: the exit or the lane is provided with a diversion guide signal or a traffic stopping device to facilitate at least one lane or one layer, and the flow rate can be automatically regulated and controlled or manually switched according to the requirement within 1-600 seconds; comparing the highway: regulating signals or blocking equipment are added for crossing confluence or shunting of the special lanes; or more than two layers of roads are connected with more than two buildings in parallel or a lifting passage structure exists.
3. A method of securing on-demand traffic according to claim 1 or claim 2: is characterized in that the utility model is a public traffic special road for unmanned driving; according to the priority of passing in order to make an appointment, each area is provided with an appointment interaction system or a terminal, a monitoring early warning device, or a device for propagandizing, guiding, shunting, compensating and controlling, or limiting excessive entering and realizing the conversion of road functions or driving directions; congestion reservation regulation facilities are arranged on the roads, and the front-mounted traffic reservation regulation facilities ensure smooth traffic of the roads or road networks; or a special road for the small-sized vehicle with an innovative crossing intercommunication or left-right intercommunication structure is adopted.
4. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the main characteristic is that the crossing road is two layers, there is a group of connecting road or more connecting road in the side or middle of the road, it is the structure that the front and back upslope or downhill slope makes up, the distance between the front and back road or both of the two is 5M to 1000M; or the side edge and the middle of the road are respectively provided with a structure that a group of connecting channels are connected with the upper layer road and the lower layer road in four directions, each group of connecting channels are symmetrical in parallel, and each group of connecting channels is provided with two or more than two connecting channels.
5. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the main characteristic is that the crossing road is a two-layer structure; in at least one road, a height drop structure exists among lanes in different driving directions of all or part of road sections; the road steering connecting road is provided with structures which are symmetrical left and right or arranged front and back.
6. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the guarantee is characterized in that a road structure is arranged, wherein part of lanes or all of the lanes can stop or apply for stopping according to rules, and the road or the lanes are not provided with a lower limit vehicle speed; other lanes are defined as unblocked lanes, and the rescue lanes are forbidden to stop; according to the safety distance of driving and parking warning, an automatic reminding mark or equipment for replacing an artificial emergency placing mark is arranged in the road, or equipment for closing the road when the road is violated or early warning, regulation and rescue facilities are arranged, so that the road is guaranteed to be smooth; the reminding identification or management and control measures in the road comprise a system for detecting the vehicle speed or information interaction and a reaction device for starting management and control facilities according to the preset.
7. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the road structure is mainly characterized in that the road structure is a modular assembly or prefabricated member; the size range of the steel-concrete structure assembly module or the prefabricated part is as follows: the integrated pipe network lighting signal waterproof, fireproof and damage-prevention regulation and control unit system is 5-45 meters long, 1-28 meters wide and 0.3-10 meters high, or the size of the prefabricated part is equal to or larger than 10 meters, 5 meters, X2.5 meters, and the integrated pipe network lighting signal waterproof, fireproof and damage-prevention regulation and control unit system can be used after installation and detection; or the road structure is a prefabricated part with a module two-layer or three-layer structure, and the road structure is mainly characterized in that a pipe network illumination signal loss prevention and control unit is integrated, the road structure can automatically move, a specific festival gathering meeting or temporary rescue is passed, and rapid emergency equipment is provided.
8. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the main characteristic is that in the intersecting roads, the same-trend road has a structure of going right and left; or one road is provided with a right driving direction sign or signal, and the road intersected with the right driving direction sign or signal is provided with a left driving sign or signal structure; the road or intersection area can be provided with or not with a traffic signal regulating device, the indicating signal or blocking facility is a common product or an improved product such as a grating or a projection or a bar, and the intersection is provided with a traffic permitting facility or a traffic prohibiting facility.
9. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the main characteristic is that the crossing road is a two-layer or more structure, and two or more connecting roads are respectively arranged in four directions of the crossing road; at least one layer of structure is only used for driving vehicles or can be used for transfer at the level intersection.
10. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the main characteristic is that the transfer area is arranged in the intersection range of the same plane, the intersection range refers to the intersection area or the four corners of the intersection, or the intersection range refers to the transfer distance of any direction of the intersection road within 200 meters.
11. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the system is mainly characterized in that in each block or village or the range of a road network of a kilometer in the whole city, according to a preset line or a guide line, a car is dispatched at a fixed point or door-to-door matching and delivery is carried out through an advance reservation interactive system, and the stable public transportation is served for 24 hours; the transportation means used in the block range or on the road refers to an unmanned means with a preset driving and parking rule line or a mobile means for completing the delivery by an on-demand reservation interaction system, and can be complementary with a subway or common bus extension or form an independent system.
12. A method for ensuring on-demand traffic: the method is mainly characterized in that the public transport uses an innovative operation method, and the innovative operation method is a public transport system for reserving interactive priority passage or six-station passage to reach stable time; or a method for ensuring the non-stop traffic of the road by using innovative measures, wherein the non-stop traffic method of the road is a method for realizing intercommunication by moving left and right at an intersection or a method for ensuring the road smoothness by guiding and shunting regulation and control through an appointment interactive traffic system, and the appointment interactive traffic system can automatically execute according to the preset or automatically guide and shunt or manually regulate and control in the face of temporary excess traffic.
CN201911350289.9A 2019-12-06 2019-12-24 Method for guaranteeing passing according to needs Pending CN111074706A (en)

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