CN111020789A - Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric - Google Patents

Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111020789A
CN111020789A CN202010125277.2A CN202010125277A CN111020789A CN 111020789 A CN111020789 A CN 111020789A CN 202010125277 A CN202010125277 A CN 202010125277A CN 111020789 A CN111020789 A CN 111020789A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller unit
cavity
roller
fiber
fiber spinning
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Granted
Application number
CN202010125277.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111020789B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Jinhua Yuanji Clothing Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Pan Dingyu
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Priority to CN202010125277.2A priority Critical patent/CN111020789B/en
Publication of CN111020789A publication Critical patent/CN111020789A/en
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02JFINISHING OR DRESSING OF FILAMENTS, YARNS, THREADS, CORDS, ROPES OR THE LIKE
    • D02J1/00Modifying the structure or properties resulting from a particular structure; Modifying, retaining, or restoring the physical form or cross-sectional shape, e.g. by use of dies or squeeze rollers
    • D02J1/22Stretching or tensioning, shrinking or relaxing, e.g. by use of overfeed and underfeed apparatus, or preventing stretch
    • D02J1/227Control of the stretching tension; Localisation of the stretching neck; Draw-pins
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02JFINISHING OR DRESSING OF FILAMENTS, YARNS, THREADS, CORDS, ROPES OR THE LIKE
    • D02J1/00Modifying the structure or properties resulting from a particular structure; Modifying, retaining, or restoring the physical form or cross-sectional shape, e.g. by use of dies or squeeze rollers
    • D02J1/22Stretching or tensioning, shrinking or relaxing, e.g. by use of overfeed and underfeed apparatus, or preventing stretch
    • D02J1/225Mechanical characteristics of stretching apparatus

Abstract

The invention discloses a fiber spinning roller and a fiber spinning method, the roller comprises a first roller unit (100), a second roller unit (200) and a third roller unit (300), the distances from the first roller unit to the second roller unit and the third roller unit are equal, the first roller unit comprises a first roller (110), a lifting rod (120), a movable piece (130), a moving piston (140), a driving piece (150) and an induction rod (160), the first roller is connected with a lifting rod (120), a movable cavity is arranged in the movable part, a moving piston (140) connected with the lifting rod is arranged in the movable wall body, the moving piston can move up and down along the movable cavity, the moving piston divides the movable cavity into a first cavity (131) and a second cavity (132), the first cavity is communicated with the atmosphere, and the second cavity is a closed cavity.

Description

Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric
Technical Field
The present invention relates to the field of fiber spinning.
Background
Fiber refers to a substance consisting of continuous or discontinuous filaments. In the animal and plant body, fibers play an important role in maintaining tissues. The fiber has wide application, can be woven into fine threads, thread ends and hemp ropes, can also be woven into fiber layers when paper or felt is made, and is also commonly used for manufacturing other materials and forming composite materials together with the other materials.
In the process of fiber spinning post-treatment, stretching is usually carried out through a roller, but due to the fact that the tension applied to the fibers during fiber spinning and post-treatment can be changed, the post-treatment is not uniform, in some fields, the position of the roller can be changed through a spring, but the change only relieves the non-uniformity, and the uniformity is difficult to achieve.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and discloses a fiber spinning roller which comprises a first roller unit, a second roller unit and a third roller unit, wherein the distances from the first roller unit to the second roller unit and the third roller unit are equal, the first roller unit comprises a first roller, a lifting rod, a movable part, a movable piston, a driving part and an induction rod, the first roller is connected with the lifting rod, a movable cavity is arranged in the movable part, the movable piston connected with the lifting rod is arranged in a movable wall body and can move up and down along the movable cavity, the movable cavity is divided into a first cavity and a second cavity by the movable piston, the first cavity is communicated with the atmosphere, the second cavity is a closed cavity, a pressure control device is connected with the second cavity to control the air pressure in the second cavity, the movable part is connected with the driving part, the driving piece comprises a fixed bottom plate, a motor is arranged on the fixed bottom plate, the motor is fixedly connected with a screw, a sliding block is in threaded connection with the screw, the sliding block can be driven by the screw to move up and down along the axial direction of the screw, and the sliding block is fixedly connected with the moving piece and can drive the moving piece to move up and down so as to drive the roller to move up and down; the moving part on be equipped with the baroceptor that can respond to second cavity atmospheric pressure, the accuse is pressed the device and is included the controller, with the trachea of second cavity intercommunication, be located the air pump on the trachea, baroceptor connection director, the high and with first cylinder height data transmission for the controller of first cylinder can be responded to the response pole, the controller can driving motor.
As an improvement, the upper part of the first cavity is provided with an outlet communicated with the atmosphere.
As an improvement, the fixed bottom plate is provided with two limiting rods, and the limiting rods limit the sliding block to move only along the axial direction of the screw rod.
As an improvement, the induction rod is arranged on the fixed bottom plate, the lifting rod is provided with an induction piece, and the induction rod receives a height signal of the induction rod.
The invention also discloses a fiber spinning post-treatment method, which is characterized in that the roller is used, and the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, nascent fibers pass through a second roller unit, a first roller unit and a third roller unit;
secondly, setting a preset value of the axial tension of the fiber;
thirdly, measuring the vertical pressure value of the fiber on the second roller unit and the height value of the second roller unit, and calculating the axial tension of the fiber according to the vertical pressure value and the height value;
and fourthly, if the axial tension is greater than the preset value, controlling the second roller unit to lower the height, and if the axial tension is less than the preset value, controlling the second roller unit to raise the height until the axial tension is equal to the preset value.
As an improvement, the vertical pressure value is calculated according to the air pressure of the second cavity, and the height value is calculated according to the height data sensed by the sensing rod.
As an improvement, the air pressure of the second chamber is increased to increase the height data of the second roller unit.
As an improvement, the height data of the second roller unit is raised by the rotation of the motor.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a pressure control device;
the labels in the figure are: 100-a first roller unit, 110-a first roller, 120-a lifting rod, 121-a sensing element, 130-a moving element, 131-a first cavity, 132-a second cavity, 133-a pressure control device, 1331-a controller, 1332-an air pipe, 1333-an air pump, 140-a moving piston, 150-a driving element, 151-a fixed bottom plate, 152-a motor, 153-a screw rod, 154-a sliding block, 155-a connecting part, 156-a limiting rod, 160-a sensing rod, 200-a second roller unit and 300-a third roller unit. .
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a fiber spinning roller, as shown in fig. 1, comprising a first roller unit 100, a second roller unit 200 and a third roller unit 300, wherein the distances from the first roller unit to the second roller unit and the third roller unit are equal, the first roller unit comprises a first roller 110, a lifting rod 120, a moving part 130, a moving piston 140, a driving part 150 and a sensing rod 160, the first roller is connected with the lifting rod 120, a movable cavity is arranged in the moving part, a moving piston 140 connected with the lifting rod is arranged in a movable wall body, the moving piston can move up and down along the movable cavity, the moving piston divides the movable cavity into a first cavity 131 and a second cavity 132, the first cavity is communicated with the atmosphere, the second cavity is a closed cavity, the second cavity is connected with a pressure control device 133 which can control the air pressure in the second cavity, the moving part is connected with the driving part 150, the driving part comprises a fixed bottom plate 151, a motor 152 is arranged on the fixed bottom plate, the motor is fixedly connected with a screw 153, a sliding block 154 is in threaded connection with the screw, the sliding block can be driven by the screw to move up and down along the axial direction of the screw, and the sliding block is fixedly connected with the moving part 130 and can drive the moving part to move up and down so as to drive the roller to move up and down; the moving part on be equipped with the baroceptor that can respond to second cavity atmospheric pressure, the accuse is pressed the device and is including controller 1331, trachea 1332 with second cavity intercommunication, the air pump 1333 that is located the trachea, baroceptor connection director 1331, the high and give controller 1331 with first cylinder height data transmission of the height that the response pole can respond to first cylinder, the controller can driving motor 152, first cavity upper portion is equipped with an export and atmosphere intercommunication, baroceptor transmits the atmospheric pressure of second cavity to controller 1331.
The fixed base plate 151 is provided with two limit rods 156, and the limit rods limit the sliding block 154 to move only along the axial direction of the screw. The sensing rod is installed on the fixed base plate 151, the lifting rod is provided with a sensing piece 121, and the sensing rod receives a height signal of the sensing rod.
The invention also discloses a fiber spinning post-treatment method, which uses the roller and comprises the following steps:
firstly, the primary fiber passes through a second roller unit 200, a first roller unit 100 and a third roller unit 300, wherein the second roller unit and the third roller unit are distributed opposite to the first roller unit, and the opposite plane is a vertical plane;
a second step of setting a predetermined value of the axial tension of the fiber, as set in the controller 1331, which can control the motor 152 and the air pump 1333, and can receive height data of the first drum unit;
a third part for measuring the vertical pressure value of the fiber received by the second roller unit and the height value of the second roller unit, and calculating the axial tension of the fiber according to the vertical pressure value and the height value, wherein the height value is the relative height data of the first roller unit and the third roller unit; the vertical pressure value and the air pressure of the second cavity are in a functional relation, the pressure value is converted according to the air pressure of the second cavity, the specific air pressure of the second cavity is subtracted by the atmospheric pressure, the difference value is subtracted by the gravity of the first roller and the lifting rod to obtain the vertical pressure value, the distance from the third roller unit to the lifting rod is a fixed value, the angle of a dotted triangle a in the figure 1 is calculated according to the relative height of the first roller unit and the third roller unit, and the axial tension value of the fiber is calculated according to the angle (with a certain error and can be ignored);
and if the axial tension is smaller than the preset value, the second roller unit is controlled to be lifted until the axial tension is equal to the preset value.
Specifically, the height data of the second drum unit may be raised by increasing the air pressure of the second chamber, which may be controlled by the air pump 1333, to raise the height of the first drum unit by pressing the movable piston 140.
In a more preferred aspect, the air pump is driven to increase the air pressure of the second chamber while the motor rotates, since the piston descends to partially offset the increased height of the first drum by pressing the second chamber only by the rotation of the motor, although the motor rotates to increase the height data of the second drum unit.
The invention also discloses the fabric prepared by the method.
The invention can control the tension of the fiber in the axial direction at a constant level, the post-treatment performance of the fiber is more stable, and the service performance of the fiber is improved. The pressure control device 133 can not only detect the pressure of the fiber on the first roller, but also directly increase the height of the second roller as required. The motor is matched with the pressure control device, so that the tension requirements of different fibers can be met.

Claims (9)

1. A fiber spinning roller is characterized by comprising a first roller unit (100), a second roller unit (200) and a third roller unit (300), wherein the distances from the first roller unit to the second roller unit and the third roller unit are equal, the first roller unit comprises a first roller (110), a lifting rod (120), a moving part (130), a moving piston (140), a driving part (150) and an induction rod (160), the first roller is connected with the lifting rod (120), a movable cavity is arranged in the moving part, the moving piston (140) connected with the lifting rod is arranged in the movable wall, the moving piston can move up and down along the movable cavity, the movable cavity is divided into a first cavity (131) and a second cavity (132) by the moving piston, the first cavity is communicated with the atmosphere, the second cavity is a closed cavity, and the second cavity is connected with a pressure control device (133) for controlling the air pressure in the second cavity, the movable piece is connected with a driving piece (150), the driving piece comprises a fixed base plate (151), a motor (152) is arranged on the fixed base plate, the motor is fixedly connected with a screw rod (153), a sliding block (154) is in threaded connection with the screw rod, the sliding block can be driven by the screw rod to move up and down along the axial direction of the screw rod, and the sliding block is fixedly connected with the movable piece (130) and can drive the movable piece to move up and down so as to drive; the moving part on be equipped with the baroceptor that can respond to second cavity atmospheric pressure, the accuse is pressed the device and is included controller (1331), trachea (1332) with second cavity intercommunication, air pump (1333) that are located the trachea, baroceptor connection director (1331), the high and give controller (1331) with first cylinder height data transmission of first cylinder that the response pole can respond to first cylinder, the controller can driving motor (152).
2. The fiber spinning drum of claim 1, wherein said first chamber has an outlet at an upper portion thereof for communicating with the atmosphere.
3. The fiber spinning drum according to claim 2, characterized in that two limiting rods (156) are arranged on the fixed base plate (151), and the limiting rods limit the sliding block (154) to move only along the axial direction of the screw.
4. The fiber spinning drum according to claim 3, wherein said sensing rod is mounted on a fixed base plate (151), and said lifting rod is provided with a sensing member (121) for receiving a height signal of said sensing rod.
5. A method of spinning fibers, characterized in that the use of the drum according to any one of claims 1 to 4 comprises:
the nascent fiber passes through a second roller unit (200), a first roller unit (100) and a third roller unit (300);
setting a preset value of the axial tension of the fiber;
measuring the vertical pressure value of the fiber on the second roller unit and the height value of the second roller unit, and calculating the axial tension of the fiber according to the vertical pressure value and the height value;
and if the axial tension is smaller than the preset value, the second roller unit is controlled to be lifted until the axial tension is equal to the preset value.
6. The fiber spinning method according to claim 5, wherein the vertical pressure value is calculated according to the air pressure of the second cavity, and the height value is calculated according to the height data sensed by the sensing rod.
7. The fiber spinning method of claim 6, wherein the height data of the second roller unit is raised by increasing the air pressure of the second chamber.
8. The fiber spinning post-processing method according to claim 7, characterized in that the height data of the second roller unit is raised by the rotation of a motor.
9. A fabric produced using the spinning process of any one of claims 4 to 8.
CN202010125277.2A 2020-02-27 2020-02-27 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric Active CN111020789B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010125277.2A CN111020789B (en) 2020-02-27 2020-02-27 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010125277.2A CN111020789B (en) 2020-02-27 2020-02-27 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric

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CN111020789A true CN111020789A (en) 2020-04-17
CN111020789B CN111020789B (en) 2020-12-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111020789B (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-12-04 金华园吉服饰股份有限公司 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201545995U (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-08-11 宁波竞宏服饰有限公司 Wire stretching machine
CN105887225A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-08-24 陈路 Film splitting drafting device used for manufacturing PTFE sewing thread
CN206666724U (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-11-24 宜昌经纬纺机有限公司 pneumatic pressure roller tensioner
CN207391652U (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-05-22 青岛天邦线业有限公司 A kind of cotton rope drafting system
CN109402751A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-03-01 安徽信德化纤有限公司 A kind of drafting machine
CN109735985A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-05-10 江阴市德赛环保设备有限公司 Three axis for fiberline adjust drawing-off structure
CN209443138U (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-09-27 天津滨海大田纺织有限公司 A kind of spinning tension-adjusting gear of fly frame
CN209779106U (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-12-13 江苏世纪天虹纺织有限公司 tensile deformation silk tension adjusting device
CN209779104U (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-12-13 江阴市德赛环保设备有限公司 Uniform stretching drafting mechanism

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111020789B (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-12-04 金华园吉服饰股份有限公司 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201545995U (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-08-11 宁波竞宏服饰有限公司 Wire stretching machine
CN105887225A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-08-24 陈路 Film splitting drafting device used for manufacturing PTFE sewing thread
CN206666724U (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-11-24 宜昌经纬纺机有限公司 pneumatic pressure roller tensioner
CN207391652U (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-05-22 青岛天邦线业有限公司 A kind of cotton rope drafting system
CN209443138U (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-09-27 天津滨海大田纺织有限公司 A kind of spinning tension-adjusting gear of fly frame
CN109402751A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-03-01 安徽信德化纤有限公司 A kind of drafting machine
CN209779104U (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-12-13 江阴市德赛环保设备有限公司 Uniform stretching drafting mechanism
CN109735985A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-05-10 江阴市德赛环保设备有限公司 Three axis for fiberline adjust drawing-off structure
CN209779106U (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-12-13 江苏世纪天虹纺织有限公司 tensile deformation silk tension adjusting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111020789B (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-12-04 金华园吉服饰股份有限公司 Fiber spinning roller, fiber spinning method and fabric

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Effective date of registration: 20201119

Address after: No. 590 Cuiwei Road, Caozhai Town, Jindong District, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province (self declaration)

Applicant after: Jinhua Yuanji Clothing Co., Ltd

Address before: 621000 Jijia Industrial Park, Tangfang Avenue, Fucheng District, Mianyang City, Sichuan Province

Applicant before: Pan Dingyu

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