CN111012595A - Linkage multifunctional nursing bed - Google Patents

Linkage multifunctional nursing bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111012595A
CN111012595A CN201911182309.6A CN201911182309A CN111012595A CN 111012595 A CN111012595 A CN 111012595A CN 201911182309 A CN201911182309 A CN 201911182309A CN 111012595 A CN111012595 A CN 111012595A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
rod
bed
guardrail
supporting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911182309.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
季文泉
吴长根
吴江华
周斌
蔡文才
李健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taixing Taiquan Electronic Automation Equipment Factory
Original Assignee
Taixing Taiquan Electronic Automation Equipment Factory
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taixing Taiquan Electronic Automation Equipment Factory filed Critical Taixing Taiquan Electronic Automation Equipment Factory
Priority to CN201911182309.6A priority Critical patent/CN111012595A/en
Publication of CN111012595A publication Critical patent/CN111012595A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0507Side-rails
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/16Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto converting a lying surface into a chair

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of medical beds, in particular to a linkage multifunctional nursing bed, which comprises: a bed frame; a bed board assembly; a left linkage mechanism located between the left support bar and the support beam, the left linkage mechanism being configured such that when the support beam rotates left in a counterclockwise direction, the left support bar moves downward; the invention relates to a bed plate assembly, which comprises a right supporting rod, a right connecting rod mechanism and a back lifting power mechanism, wherein the right connecting rod mechanism is positioned between the right supporting rod and the right cross beam, and is set to move downwards when the supporting cross beam rotates rightwards along the clockwise direction, and the back lifting power mechanism is used for lifting the back.

Description

Linkage multifunctional nursing bed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical beds, in particular to a linkage multifunctional nursing bed.
Background
The nursing bed is equipment designed according to the bedridden life habits and treatment needs of patients, is extremely important for the patients who lose self-care ability and lie in bed for a long time, and can effectively reduce complications of bedsores, pulmonary infection, urinary system infection, calculus, venous embolism and the like caused by the patients lying in bed for a long time;
the bed body of the existing nursing bed mainly comprises three bed plate assemblies which are arranged side by side, namely a middle bed plate and two bed plates, wherein the middle bed plate correspondingly supports the back of a person, the bed plates correspondingly support the arms of the person, and the middle bed plate is rotatably arranged on the bed frame so as to be driven by a power mechanism to rotate towards two sides to enable the patient to turn over or turn on one side; however, when the power mechanism in the current nursing bed drives the middle bed plate to rotate, the bed plate can not rotate along with the rotation, and the nursing bed has the defects that: when the middle bed plate rotates towards the bed plate to drive the patient to turn over, the middle bed plate and the bed plate are in a state of moving and still, the patient easily slides to the side in the matching mode, the lateral protection function is not provided, and the patient cannot turn over under the condition that the patient sits up;
in view of this, the invention aims to provide a linkage multifunctional nursing bed which has a lateral protection function and can realize the turning over of a person in a sitting-up state.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to solve the problems that a nursing bed in the prior art does not have a lateral protection function and cannot be turned over under the condition that a patient sits up, a linkage multifunctional nursing bed is provided at present, has the functions of lying and turning over, getting up the back, lying and turning over in half and the like, and can provide lateral protection when a person is driven to turn over.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a linked multi-functional nursing bed, comprising:
a bed frame;
the bed board assembly is arranged on the bed frame and is provided with a left bed board, a middle bed board and a right bed board, and the left bed board is provided with a left back board unit and a left tail board unit; the middle bed board is provided with a middle back board unit and a middle tail board unit; the right bed board is provided with a right back board unit and a right tail board unit; the tail end of the middle backboard unit is hinged with the head end of the middle tail board unit, the left side and the right side of the middle backboard unit are respectively hinged with the left backboard unit and the right backboard unit, and the left side and the right side of the middle tail board unit are respectively hinged with the left tail board unit and the right tail board unit;
one of the middle backboard unit and the left backboard unit is fixedly connected with the left connecting plate, and the other one is positioned above the left connecting plate;
one of the middle backboard unit and the right backboard unit is fixedly connected with the right connecting plate, and the other one is positioned above the right connecting plate;
the driving shaft is rotatably arranged on the bed frame, and the middle tail plate unit is fixed on the driving shaft;
the supporting cross beam is fixed on the driving shaft, and the left bed board, the middle bed board and the right bed board are all lapped on the supporting cross beam;
the left supporting rod is arranged below the left bed board and used for supporting the left bed board;
the right supporting rod is arranged below the right bed board and used for supporting the right bed board;
a left linkage mechanism located between the left support bar and the support beam, the left linkage mechanism being configured such that when the support beam rotates left in a counterclockwise direction, the left support bar moves downward;
and the right connecting rod mechanism is positioned between the right supporting rod and the right cross beam, and is arranged to move down the right supporting rod when the supporting cross beam rotates rightwards along the clockwise direction.
And a back lifting power mechanism, the back lifting power mechanism can drive the middle back plate unit to lift or descend, the middle back plate unit lifts, when the supporting beam rotates left along the anticlockwise direction, the head end of the left tail plate unit contacts with the tail end of the left back plate unit, so that the left back plate unit is driven to move in the lump, when the supporting beam rotates right along the clockwise direction, the head end of the right tail plate unit contacts with the tail end of the right back plate unit, so that the right back plate unit is driven to move in the lump.
In the scheme, under the state that the bed board components are tiled, the principle of lying and turning over is as follows:
when the supporting beam rotates left along the anticlockwise direction, the left bed board is supported by the left supporting rod, the left bed board tilts towards the middle bed board, so that the left bed board can block a patient turning over left, the height of the left supporting rod is gradually reduced, namely the left bed board relatively rotates left along the anticlockwise direction in a certain range in a mode that the height of the left supporting rod is gradually reduced, and a similar avoiding action is formed, so that the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed board and the left bed board;
similarly, when the supporting beam rotates clockwise to the right, the right bed board is supported by the right supporting rod, the right bed board tilts towards the middle bed board, so that the right bed board can block a patient turning over to the right, the height of the right supporting rod is gradually reduced, namely, the right bed board relatively rotates clockwise to the right in a certain range in a mode that the height of the right supporting rod is gradually reduced, and a similar avoiding action is formed, so that the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed board and the right bed board;
in the scheme, the back lifting power mechanism drives the middle back plate unit to lift upwards, so that a certain angle is formed between the middle back plate unit and the middle tail plate unit, and the left back plate unit and the right back plate unit can rotate upwards together with the middle back plate unit under the action of the left connecting plate and the right connecting plate, so that a person can lie on a nursing bed in a semi-lying or sitting manner, namely, a back lifting state; the principle of semi-lying turning over in the back-up state is as follows:
when the supporting beam rotates left along the anticlockwise direction, the left tail plate unit is supported by the left supporting rod, the left tail plate unit can drive the left back plate unit to tilt towards the middle bed plate, so that the left back plate unit can block a patient turning over left, the height of the left supporting rod can be gradually reduced, namely the left bed plate relatively rotates left along the anticlockwise direction in a certain range in a mode that the height of the left supporting rod is gradually reduced, a similar avoiding action is formed, the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed plate and the left bed plate, and therefore the safe and reliable driving of the person in a semi-lying state to turn over left is achieved;
similarly, when the supporting beam rotates rightwards along the clockwise direction, the right tail plate unit can be supported by the right supporting rod, the right tail plate unit can drive the right back plate unit to tilt towards the middle bed plate direction, the right back plate unit can block a patient turning over rightwards, the height of the right supporting rod can be gradually reduced, namely, the right supporting rod is gradually reduced, the right bed plate relatively rotates leftwards along the anticlockwise direction with a certain amplitude, similar avoiding actions are formed, the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed plate and the right bed plate, and therefore the safe and reliable people in the semi-lying state can be driven to turn over rightwards.
Further, the left connecting rod mechanism comprises a left driving rod, a left driving rod and a left driven rod, the left driving rod is fixedly connected with the supporting cross beam and is rotatably connected with one end of the left driving rod, the other end of the left driving rod is hinged with the bottom end of the left driven rod, the middle part of the left driven rod is rotatably installed on the bedstead, and the left supporting rod is arranged at the top end of the left driven rod;
when the supporting beam rotates left along the anticlockwise direction, the supporting beam can pull the left driving rod, and the left driving rod pulls the left driven rod to rotate around the rotating connection part between the left driven rod and the bedstead, so that the left supporting rod moves downwards;
the right connecting rod mechanism comprises a right driving rod, a right driving rod and a right driven rod, the right driving rod is fixedly connected with the supporting cross beam and is rotatably connected with one end of the right driving rod, the other end of the right driving rod is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the right driven rod, the middle part of the right driven rod is rotatably installed on the bedstead, and the right supporting rod is arranged at the top end of the right driven rod;
when the supporting beam rotates clockwise to the right, the supporting beam can pull the right driving rod, and the right driving rod pulls the right driven rod to rotate around the rotating connection part between the right driven rod and the bedstead, so that the right supporting rod moves downwards.
Furthermore, a left guardrail is arranged on the left side of the left back plate unit, and a right guardrail is arranged on the right side of the right back plate unit; thereby make left guardrail and right guardrail still can play the effect of protection under playing the back state.
Further, a left mounting frame of the left guardrail is rotatably mounted on the left side of the left backboard unit, a left guardrail connecting rod mechanism is arranged between the left guardrail and the middle backboard unit, and the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism is set to rotate left along the anticlockwise direction relative to the left backboard unit when the supporting cross beam rotates left along the anticlockwise direction;
the right mounting bracket of right guardrail rotates the right side of installing at right backplate unit, be equipped with right guardrail link mechanism between right guardrail and the middle backplate unit, right guardrail link mechanism is set to when the supporting beam rotates right along clockwise, and the relative right backplate unit of right guardrail rotates right along clockwise.
The arrangement of the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism and the right guardrail connecting rod mechanism can realize that the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism drives the left guardrail to expand leftwards under the driving of the middle bed plate when the supporting beam rotates leftwards to drive a patient to turn over leftwards, so that the space formed between the left guardrail and the bed plate assembly is prevented from being greatly reduced, and the patient is prevented from being clamped by the left guardrail and the bed plate assembly;
similarly, when the supporting beam rotates towards the right side to drive the patient to turn over rightwards, the right guardrail connecting rod mechanism drives the right guardrail to expand rightwards under the driving of the middle bed plate, the space formed between the right guardrail and the bed plate assembly is prevented from being greatly reduced, and therefore the patient is prevented from being injured by clamping the right guardrail and the bed plate assembly.
Furthermore, the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism comprises a left guardrail connecting rod and a left extension rod, the left extension rod is fixed on the middle back plate unit and is rotatably connected with the left guardrail connecting rod, and meanwhile, the left guardrail connecting rod is rotatably connected with the left mounting frame;
thereby when the bed board subassembly rotates along the anticlockwise left side, left extension rod can stimulate left guardrail connecting rod to by left guardrail connecting rod pulling left mounting bracket, with this realize that the relative bed board subassembly of left guardrail rotates along the anticlockwise left side, left guardrail expands left promptly.
The right guardrail connecting rod mechanism comprises a right guardrail connecting rod and a right extension rod, the right extension rod is fixed on the middle back plate unit and is rotatably connected with the right guardrail connecting rod, and meanwhile, the right guardrail connecting rod is rotatably connected with the right mounting frame;
thereby when the bed board subassembly rotates right along clockwise, right extension rod can stimulate right guardrail connecting rod to by right guardrail connecting rod pulling right mounting bracket, rotate right along clockwise with this right bed board subassembly of realizing right guardrail relatively, right guardrail expands right promptly.
Furthermore, the back lifting power mechanism comprises a back lifting electric push rod, and the back lifting electric push rod is in transmission connection with the middle back plate unit.
Furthermore, a transmission part is fixed on the middle back plate unit, one end of the back lifting electric push rod is rotatably installed on the driving shaft, and the other end of the back lifting electric push rod is rotatably installed on the transmission part of the middle back plate unit.
Furthermore, a bed board fixing plate is fixed on the driving shaft and fixedly connected with the middle tail plate unit.
Further, the number of the supporting cross beams on the driving shaft is at least two.
Furthermore, at least one of all the supporting cross beams is positioned below the middle tail plate unit, and at least one of the supporting cross beams is positioned below the middle back plate unit.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the linkage multifunctional nursing bed can simultaneously realize the functions of lying and turning over, back lifting and semi-lying and turning over, and can enable the left bed board, the middle bed board and the right bed board to form linkage in the process of driving a person to turn over, so that the bed board assembly can be adaptively adjusted along with different turning angles, and therefore a patient turning over is prevented from being pinched and injured, the comfort of the patient is improved, the safety performance is improved, and the market prospect is good.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic view of a linked multi-functional care bed of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the linkage multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic end view of the end of the linked multifunctional nursing bed with the middle back plate unit;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the linkage multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention with the left and right linkages in a flat state;
FIG. 5 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a leftward turning state;
FIG. 6 is a schematic front view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a leftward turning state;
FIG. 7 is a schematic front view of the left and right link mechanisms of the linkage multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention in a leftward turning state;
FIG. 8 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the left and right linkage mechanisms of the linked multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention in a leftward turning state;
FIG. 9 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention in a back-up state;
FIG. 10 is a schematic front view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a back-up state;
FIG. 11 is a side three-dimensional schematic view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a back-up and turning-over state;
FIG. 12 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the other side of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a back-up and turning-over state;
FIG. 13 is a schematic rear view of the linked multifunctional nursing bed in a back-up and turning-over state;
FIG. 14 is a three-dimensional schematic view of a turn-over power assembly in the linked multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a partially enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 14.
In the figure: 1. a bed frame;
2. a bed board assembly, 21, a left bed board, 21a, a left back board unit, 21b, a left tail board unit, 22, a middle bed board, 22a, a middle back board unit, 22b, a middle tail board unit, 23, a right bed board, 23a, a right back board unit, 23b, a right tail board unit;
3. a left connecting rod mechanism 31, a left driving rod 32, a left driving rod 33 and a left driven rod;
4. a right connecting rod mechanism 41, a right driving rod 42, a right driving rod 43 and a right driven rod;
5. a left guardrail 51, a left mounting rack;
6. a right guardrail 61 and a right mounting rack;
7. a left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 71, a left guardrail connecting rod 72 and a left extension rod;
8. a right guardrail connecting rod mechanism 81, a right guardrail connecting rod 82 and a right extension rod;
9. the device comprises a back lifting electric push rod 10, a left connecting plate 11, a right connecting plate 12, a driving shaft 13, a supporting beam 14, a left supporting rod 15, a right supporting rod 16, a bed plate fixing plate 17, a turnover electric push rod 18, a gear 19, a rack 20 and a transmission part.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The drawings are simplified schematic diagrams illustrating the basic structure of the present invention only in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention, and directions and references (e.g., upper, lower, left, right, etc.) may be used only to help the description of the features in the drawings. The following detailed description is, therefore, not to be taken in a limiting sense, and the scope of the claimed subject matter is defined only by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 10, a linkage multifunctional nursing bed comprises:
a bed frame 1;
a bed board assembly 2 provided on the bed frame 1 and having a left bed board 21, a middle bed board 22 and a right bed board 23, the left bed board 21 having a left back board unit 21a and a left tailgate unit 21 b; the middle bed plate 22 has a middle back plate unit 22a and a middle tail plate unit 22 b; the right bed board 23 is provided with a right back board unit 23a and a right tail board unit 23 b; the tail end of the middle backboard unit 22a is hinged with the head end of the middle tail board unit 22b, the left side and the right side of the middle backboard unit 22a are respectively hinged with the left backboard unit 21a and the right backboard unit 23a, and the left side and the right side of the middle tail board unit 22b are respectively hinged with the left tail board unit 21b and the right tail board unit 23 b;
one of the middle backboard unit 22a and the left backboard unit 21a is fixedly connected with the left connecting plate 10, and the other one is positioned above the left connecting plate 10;
one of the middle back plate unit 22a and the right back plate unit 23a is fixedly connected with the right connecting plate 11, and the other one is positioned above the right connecting plate 11;
a driving shaft 12 rotatably installed on the frame 1, the middle tailgate unit 22b being fixed to the driving shaft 12;
the supporting cross beam 13 is fixed on the driving shaft 12, and the left bed board 21, the middle bed board 22 and the right bed board 23 are all lapped on the supporting cross beam 13;
a left support bar 14 disposed below the left bed plate 21 for supporting the left bed plate 21;
a right support rod 15 arranged below the right bed plate 23 for supporting the right bed plate 23;
a left linkage 3 located between the left support bar 14 and the support beam 13, the left linkage 3 being arranged such that when the support beam 13 is rotated to the left in the counterclockwise direction, the left support bar 14 moves down;
and a right link mechanism 4 between the right support bar 15 and the right cross member, the right link mechanism 4 being configured such that the right support bar 15 moves down when the support cross member 13 rotates to the right in the clockwise direction.
And a back lifting power mechanism, as shown in fig. 9, the back lifting power mechanism can drive the middle back plate unit 22a to lift or descend, after the middle back plate unit 22a lifts, as shown in fig. 11-13, when the supporting beam 13 rotates left in the counterclockwise direction, the head end of the left back plate unit 21b contacts with the tail end of the left back plate unit 21a, so as to drive the left back plate unit 21a to move together, and when the supporting beam 13 rotates right in the clockwise direction, the head end of the right back plate unit 23b contacts with the tail end of the right back plate unit 23a, so as to drive the right back plate unit 23a to move together.
In the embodiment, a left guardrail 5 is arranged on the left side of the left back plate unit 21a, and a right guardrail 6 is arranged on the right side of the right back plate unit 23 a; so that the left guardrail 5 and the right guardrail 6 can still play a role of protection in the back state.
As shown in fig. 1, 3, 5 and 6, the left mounting bracket 51 of the left guardrail 5 is rotatably mounted at the left side of the left backboard unit 21a, a left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 is arranged between the left guardrail 5 and the middle backboard unit 22a, and the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 is arranged to rotate the left guardrail 5 to the left in the counterclockwise direction relative to the left backboard unit 21a when the supporting beam 13 rotates to the left in the counterclockwise direction;
right guardrail 6's right mounting bracket 61 rotates the right side of installing at right backplate unit 23a, be equipped with right guardrail link mechanism 8 between right guardrail 6 and middle backplate unit 22a, right guardrail link mechanism 8 is set to when supporting beam 13 rotates right along the clockwise, and right guardrail 6 rotates right along the clockwise relatively right backplate unit 23 a.
The arrangement of the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 and the right guardrail connecting rod mechanism 8 can realize that the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 drives the left guardrail 5 to expand leftwards under the driving of the middle bed plate 22 when the supporting beam 13 rotates leftwards to drive the patient to turn over leftwards, so that the space formed between the left guardrail 5 and the bed plate component 2 is prevented from being greatly reduced, and the patient is prevented from being pinched by the left guardrail 5 and the bed plate component 2;
similarly, when the supporting beam 13 rotates to the right side to drive the patient to turn over to the right, the right guardrail connecting rod mechanism 8 drives the right guardrail 6 to expand to the right under the driving of the middle bed plate 22, so that the space formed between the right guardrail 6 and the bed plate component 2 is prevented from being greatly reduced, and the patient is prevented from being injured by clamping the right guardrail 6 and the bed plate component 2.
It is worth noting that: in this embodiment, the left driving rod 31 and the right driving rod 41 may be integrally formed, or the left driving rod 31 and the right driving rod 41 may be separately disposed, specifically, the left driving rod 31 and the right driving rod 41 may be fixed on the supporting beam 13 by welding or screws.
As shown in fig. 3, the left guard rail linkage 7 includes a left guard rail connecting rod 71 and a left extension rod 72, the left extension rod 72 is fixed on the middle back plate unit 22a and is rotatably connected with the left guard rail connecting rod 71, and meanwhile, the left guard rail connecting rod 71 is rotatably connected with the left mounting bracket 51;
as shown in fig. 5 and 6, when the bed board assembly 2 rotates to the left in the counterclockwise direction, the left extension rod 72 will pull the left guardrail connecting rod 71, and the left mounting bracket 51 is pulled by the left guardrail connecting rod 71, so that the left guardrail 5 rotates to the left in the counterclockwise direction relative to the bed board assembly 2, that is, the left guardrail 5 expands to the left.
As shown in fig. 3, the right guardrail connecting rod mechanism 8 includes a right guardrail connecting rod 81 and a right extension rod 82, the right extension rod 82 is fixed on the middle backboard unit 22a and is rotatably connected with the right guardrail connecting rod 81, and meanwhile, the right guardrail connecting rod 81 is rotatably connected with the right mounting bracket 61;
thereby when bed board subassembly 2 rotates along clockwise right, right extension rod 82 can stimulate right guardrail connecting rod 81 to by right guardrail connecting rod 81 pulling right mounting bracket 61, with this realize that right guardrail 6 rotates along clockwise right relatively right bed board 23 subassembly 2, right guardrail 6 expands right promptly.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, the left extension rod 72 and the right extension rod 82 can be integrally formed, that is, the left extension rod 72 and the right extension rod 82 can be combined into an integral structure; it is also possible to provide the left extension bar 72 and the right extension bar 82 separately.
As shown in fig. 9, the back lifting power mechanism in this embodiment includes a back lifting electric push rod 9, and the back lifting electric push rod 9 is in transmission connection with the middle back plate unit 22 a.
As shown in fig. 9, a transmission member 20 is fixed to the backboard intermediate unit 22a in this embodiment, one end of the back-up electric push rod 9 is rotatably mounted on the driving shaft 12, and the other end is rotatably mounted on the transmission member 20 of the backboard intermediate unit 22 a.
As shown in fig. 9 and 14, in the present embodiment, a bedplate fixing plate 16 is fixed on the driving shaft 12, and the bedplate fixing plate 16 is fixedly connected with the intermediate tail plate unit 22 b.
As shown in fig. 12 and 14, in the embodiment, at least two supporting beams 13 are provided on the driving shaft 12, so that the supporting beams 13 can support the bed plate assembly 2 from multiple positions, and the bed plate assembly 2 can be firmly supported by the supporting beams, thereby improving the carrying capacity; .
As shown in fig. 12 and 14, in the present embodiment, at least one of all the supporting beams 13 is located below the center tailgate unit 22b, and at least one is located below the center tailgate unit 22 a.
As shown in fig. 14 and 15, in this embodiment, the turning power assembly can drive the driving shaft 12 to rotate, so as to provide power for turning; the turning-over power assembly specifically comprises: the turning-over electric push rod 17, the gear 18 and the rack 19, the gear 18 is fixed on the bearing of the driving shaft 12, the rack 19 is arranged on the bed frame 1 in a sliding manner, the turning-over electric push rod 17 is fixed on the bed frame 1 and is in transmission connection with the rack 19 so as to drive the rack 19 to reciprocate along the linear direction, the rack 19 is meshed with the gear 18, namely, the turning-over electric push rod 17 drives the rack 19 to move to one side along the width direction of the bed board assembly 2, so that the rack 19 drives the gear 18 to rotate towards one direction, and the driving shaft 12 drives the bed board assembly 2 to rotate, so that a patient on the bed board assembly 2; it is worth noting that: in the embodiment, the turning electric push rod 17 can be replaced by a screw rod nut structure, so that the nut on the screw rod is driven to perform linear displacement in a mode of manually turning the screw rod, and the nut on the screw rod drives the rack 19 to move, so that manual turning is realized.
In the embodiment, the left guardrail 5 is movably arranged on the left mounting frame 51, and the right guardrail 6 is movably arranged on the right mounting frame 61; the purpose is as follows: when the middle bed board 22 rotates left along the counterclockwise direction to turn over the patient left, the right guardrail 6 can be manually moved down to the lower part of the right mounting rack 61, so that the medical staff can nurse the patient from the right side; similarly, when the middle bed plate 22 is rotated clockwise to turn the patient to the right, the left guardrail 5 can be manually moved down to the lower side of the right mounting frame 51, so that the medical staff can take care of the patient from the left side.
In this embodiment, in the state where the bed plate assembly 2 is laid flat, the principle of lying and turning over is as follows:
as shown in fig. 7 and 8, when the supporting beam 13 rotates left in the counterclockwise direction, the left bed plate 21 is supported by the left supporting rod 14, the left bed plate 21 tilts up in the direction of the middle bed plate 22, so that the left bed plate 21 can block a patient turning left, and the height of the left supporting rod 14 is gradually reduced, that is, the left bed plate 21 relatively rotates left in the counterclockwise direction to a certain extent in a manner that the height of the left supporting rod 14 is gradually reduced, so as to form a similar avoiding action, thereby preventing the patient from being injured by the middle bed plate 22 and the left bed plate 21; as shown in fig. 5 and 6, wherein, when the supporting beam 13 rotates to the left side to drive the patient to turn over to the left, the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 drives the left guardrail 5 to expand to the left under the driving of the middle backboard unit 22a, thereby preventing the space formed between the left guardrail 5 and the bed board assembly 2 from being greatly reduced, so as to prevent the patient from being pinched by the left guardrail 5 and the bed board assembly 2, and the left guardrail 5 can form double protection for the patient who turns over in lying, the protection performance of the patient who turns over in lying is good, and the patient who cannot move freely can be applied.
Similarly, when the supporting beam 13 rotates clockwise to the right, the right bed board 23 is supported by the right supporting rod 15, the right bed board 23 tilts towards the middle bed board 22, so that the right bed board 23 can block a patient turning over to the right, and the height of the right supporting rod 15 is gradually reduced, namely, the right bed board 23 relatively rotates clockwise to the right in a certain range in a mode that the height of the right supporting rod 15 is gradually reduced, so that a similar avoiding action is formed, and the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed board 22 and the right bed board 23; wherein, supporting beam 13 rotates when standing up in order to drive the patient right side, right guardrail link mechanism 8 is under middle backplate unit 22 a's drive, drive right guardrail 6 expansion right side in the lump, prevent the reduction by a wide margin of space that forms between right guardrail 6 and the bed board subassembly 2, thereby prevent that right guardrail 6 and bed board subassembly 2 from pressing from both sides the wound with the patient, and right guardrail 6 cooperation right backplate unit 23a can form dual protection to the patient that the bed-pan stood up, the bed-pan stands up the barrier propterty good, can be applicable to the patient of unable action self-care.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, when the back lifting power mechanism drives the middle back plate unit 22a to lift upwards, a certain angle is formed between the middle back plate unit 22a and the middle tail plate unit 22b, and under the action of the left connecting plate 10 and the right connecting plate 11, the left back plate unit 21a and the right back plate unit 23a and the middle back plate unit 22a rotate upwards together, in this state, a person can lie on the nursing bed in a semi-lying or sitting manner, which is referred to as a back lifting state; the principle of semi-lying turning over in the back-up state is as follows:
as shown in fig. 11-13, when the supporting beam 13 rotates left in the counterclockwise direction, the left back plate unit 21b is supported by the left supporting rod 14, the left back plate unit 21b drives the left back plate unit 21a to tilt up toward the middle bed plate 22, so that the left back plate unit 21a can block the patient turning left, and the height of the left supporting rod 14 is gradually reduced, that is, the left bed plate 21 relatively rotates left in the counterclockwise direction to a certain extent in a manner that the height of the left supporting rod 14 is gradually reduced, so as to form a similar avoiding action, thereby preventing the patient from being injured by the middle bed plate 22 and the left bed plate 21, and thus realizing safe and reliable left-turning lying of the person in the semi-driven state; when the supporting beam 13 rotates towards the left side to drive a patient to turn over in a semi-lying manner leftwards, the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism 7 drives the left guardrail 5 to expand leftwards under the driving of the middle backboard unit 22a, so that the space formed between the left guardrail 5 and the bed board assembly 2 is greatly reduced, the patient is prevented from being clamped by the left guardrail 5 and the bed board assembly 2, the left guardrail 5 and the left backboard unit 21a are matched to form double protection for the patient turning over in the semi-lying manner, the semi-lying turning-over protection performance is good, and the patient turning over in the semi-lying manner can be suitable for the patient who cannot move and self-care;
similarly, when the supporting beam 13 rotates clockwise to the right, the right tail plate unit 23b is supported by the right supporting rod 15, the right tail plate unit 23b drives the right back plate unit 23a to tilt up towards the middle bed plate 22, so that the right back plate unit 23a can block a patient turning over to the right, and the height of the right supporting rod 15 is gradually reduced, namely, the right bed plate 23 relatively rotates anticlockwise to the left by a certain extent in a certain range in a mode that the height of the right supporting rod 15 is gradually reduced, so that a similar avoiding action is formed, and the patient is prevented from being clamped by the middle bed plate 22 and the right bed plate 23, so that the safe and reliable driving of a person in a semi-lying state to turn over to the right is realized; wherein, when supporting beam 13 rotated in order to drive the patient and stood up right to the right side, right guardrail link mechanism 8 was under backplate unit 22 a's in the middle of the drive, drive right guardrail 6 expansion right in the lump, prevent the reduction by a wide margin of space that forms between right guardrail 6 and the bed board subassembly 2, thereby prevent that right guardrail 6 and bed board subassembly 2 from pressing from both sides the wound with the patient, and right guardrail 6 cooperation right backplate unit 23a can form dual protection to the patient that stood up in half crouching, it is good to turn up barrier propterty in half crouching, can be applicable to the patient of unable action self-care.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is to be understood that numerous changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. A linkage multi-functional nursing bed which characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
a bed frame (1);
a bed board assembly (2) which is arranged on the bed frame (1) and is provided with a left bed board (21), a middle bed board (22) and a right bed board (23), wherein the left bed board (21) is provided with a left back board unit (21a) and a left tail board unit (21 b); the middle bed board (22) is provided with a middle back board unit (22a) and a middle tail board unit (22 b); the right bed board (23) is provided with a right back board unit (23a) and a right tail board unit (23 b); the tail end of the middle backboard unit (22a) is hinged with the head end of the middle tail board unit (22b), the left side and the right side of the middle backboard unit (22a) are respectively hinged with the left backboard unit (21a) and the right backboard unit (23a), and the left side and the right side of the middle tail board unit (22b) are respectively hinged with the left tail board unit (21b) and the right tail board unit (23 b);
one of the middle backboard unit (22a) and the left backboard unit (21a) is fixedly connected with the left connecting plate (10), and the other one is positioned above the left connecting plate (10);
one of the middle backboard unit (22a) and the right backboard unit (23a) is fixedly connected with the right connecting plate (11), and the other one is positioned above the right connecting plate (11);
a drive shaft (12) rotatably mounted on the frame (1), the intermediate tailgate unit (22b) being fixed to the drive shaft (12);
the supporting cross beam (13) is fixed on the driving shaft (12), and the left bed board (21), the middle bed board (22) and the right bed board (23) are all lapped on the supporting cross beam (13);
the left supporting rod (14) is arranged below the left bed board (21) and is used for supporting the left bed board (21);
the right supporting rod (15) is arranged below the right bed board (23) and is used for supporting the right bed board (23);
a left linkage (3) located between the left support bar (14) and the support beam (13), the left linkage (3) being arranged such that when the support beam (13) is rotated left in an anticlockwise direction, the left support bar (14) moves down;
a right linkage (4) between the right support bar (15) and the right cross member, the right linkage (4) being arranged such that when the support cross member (13) is rotated to the right in the clockwise direction, the right support bar (15) moves downwards.
And a back lifting power mechanism, the back lifting power mechanism can drive the middle back plate unit (22a) to lift or descend, the middle back plate unit (22a) lifts, when the supporting beam (13) rotates left along the anticlockwise direction, the head end of the left tail plate unit (21b) contacts with the tail end of the left back plate unit (21a), so that the left back plate unit (21a) is driven to move together, when the supporting beam (13) rotates right along the clockwise direction, the head end of the right tail plate unit (23b) contacts with the tail end of the right back plate unit (23a), so that the right back plate unit (23a) is driven to move together.
2. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 1, characterized in that: the left connecting rod mechanism (3) comprises a left driving rod (31), a left driving rod (32) and a left driven rod (33), the left driving rod (31) is fixedly connected with the supporting cross beam (13) and is rotatably connected with one end of the left driving rod (32), the other end of the left driving rod (32) is hinged with the bottom end of the left driven rod (33), the middle part of the left driven rod (33) is rotatably installed on the bedstead (1), and the left supporting rod (14) is arranged at the top end of the left driven rod (33);
the right connecting rod mechanism (4) comprises a right driving rod (41), a right transmission rod (42) and a right driven rod (43), the right driving rod (41) is fixedly connected with the supporting cross beam (13) and is rotatably connected with one end of the right transmission rod (42), the other end of the right transmission rod (42) is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the right driven rod (43), the middle part of the right driven rod (43) is rotatably installed on the bedstead (1), and the right supporting rod (15) is arranged at the top end of the right driven rod (43).
3. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 1, characterized in that: the left side of the left back plate unit (21a) is provided with a left guardrail (5), and the right side of the right back plate unit (23a) is provided with a right guardrail (6).
4. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 3, characterized in that: the left mounting frame (51) of the left guardrail (5) is rotatably mounted on the left side of the left backboard unit (21a), a left guardrail connecting rod mechanism (7) is arranged between the left guardrail (5) and the middle backboard unit (22a), and the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism (7) is arranged to enable the left guardrail (5) to rotate left in the anticlockwise direction relative to the left backboard unit (21a) when the supporting cross beam (13) rotates left in the anticlockwise direction;
the right side of installing at right backplate unit (23a) is rotated in right mounting bracket (61) of right guardrail (6), be equipped with right guardrail link mechanism (8) between right guardrail (6) and middle backplate unit (22a), right guardrail link mechanism (8) are set to when supporting beam (13) rotate right along clockwise, and right guardrail (6) rotate right along clockwise relatively right backplate unit (23 a).
5. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 4, characterized in that: the left guardrail connecting rod mechanism (7) comprises a left guardrail connecting rod (71) and a left extension rod (72), the left extension rod (72) is fixed on the middle back plate unit (22a) and is rotatably connected with the left guardrail connecting rod (71), and meanwhile, the left guardrail connecting rod (71) is rotatably connected with the left mounting frame (51);
right side guardrail link mechanism (8) are including right guardrail connecting rod (81) and right extension rod (82), right side extension rod (82) are fixed on middle back plate unit (22a), and rotate with right guardrail connecting rod (81) and be connected, and right guardrail connecting rod (81) rotate with right mounting bracket (61) simultaneously and are connected.
6. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 1, characterized in that: the back lifting power mechanism comprises a back lifting electric push rod (9), and the back lifting electric push rod (9) is in transmission connection with the middle back plate unit (22 a).
7. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 6, characterized in that: a transmission piece (20) is fixed on the middle back plate unit (22a), one end of the back lifting electric push rod (9) is rotatably installed on the driving shaft (12), and the other end of the back lifting electric push rod is rotatably installed on the transmission piece (20) of the middle back plate unit (22 a).
8. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 6, characterized in that: a bed plate fixing plate (16) is fixed on the driving shaft (12), and the bed plate fixing plate (16) is fixedly connected with the middle tail plate unit (22 b).
9. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 6, characterized in that: at least two supporting cross beams (13) are arranged on the driving shaft (12).
10. The linkage multifunctional nursing bed of claim 6, characterized in that: at least one of all the supporting beams (13) is positioned below the middle tail plate unit (22b), and at least one of the supporting beams is positioned below the middle back plate unit (22 a).
CN201911182309.6A 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Linkage multifunctional nursing bed Pending CN111012595A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911182309.6A CN111012595A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Linkage multifunctional nursing bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911182309.6A CN111012595A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Linkage multifunctional nursing bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111012595A true CN111012595A (en) 2020-04-17

Family

ID=70202632

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911182309.6A Pending CN111012595A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Linkage multifunctional nursing bed

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111012595A (en)

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