CN111004659B - Biological granular fuel and processing device and processing method thereof - Google Patents

Biological granular fuel and processing device and processing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111004659B
CN111004659B CN201911403298.XA CN201911403298A CN111004659B CN 111004659 B CN111004659 B CN 111004659B CN 201911403298 A CN201911403298 A CN 201911403298A CN 111004659 B CN111004659 B CN 111004659B
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fixedly connected
rods
driving mechanism
forming cylinder
forming
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CN111004659A (en
Inventor
张炜林
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CHANGSHAN QIAOYE BIOMASS ENERGY Co.,Ltd.
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Changshan Qiaoye Biomass Energy Co ltd
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/44Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin on vegetable substances
    • C10L5/442Wood or forestry waste
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/20Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by expressing the material, e.g. through sieves and fragmenting the extruded length
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/44Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin on vegetable substances
    • C10L5/445Agricultural waste, e.g. corn crops, grass clippings, nut shells or oil pressing residues
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention relates to a biological granular fuel and a processing device and a processing method thereof, wherein the biological granular fuel comprises, by weight, 25 parts of pine sawdust, 54 parts of mixed wood sawdust, 21 parts of sunflower straw powder, 25 parts of castor straw, 38 parts of larch sawdust, 15 parts of elm sawdust, 7 parts of willow sawdust and 21 parts of poplar sawdust. The method comprises the following steps: 1. adding the biofuel to be processed into a blanking device assembly, and uniformly dividing the biomass raw material into two forming cylinder assemblies by the blanking device assembly; 2. the extrusion driving mechanism is started to extrude the biomass fuel in a rod shape; 3. the power mechanism is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism to work, and the cutting driving mechanism drives the two forming cylinder assemblies to cut the extruded bar-shaped biofuel into particles; 4. the formed biological particle fuel falls into two receiving boxes to be collected.

Description

Biological granular fuel and processing device and processing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of biomass pellet fuels, in particular to a biomass pellet fuel and a processing device and a processing method thereof.
Background
The utility model discloses a current patent is a biomass fuel granulation machine of CN201720897342.7, utility model patent relates to biomass fuel granule technical field, concretely relates to biomass fuel granulation machine. The fuel granulation machine comprises a discharging bin, an extrusion bin and a feeding bin which are sequentially arranged above a rack, wherein the extrusion bin is internally provided with two gears which are meshed with each other at the center, the bottom of the extrusion bin is provided with a die disc, and the gears are in transmission connection with an external transmission mechanism; the upper part of the feeding bin is provided with a feeding port, and the interior of the feeding bin is provided with a spiral auger; a feeding port is arranged outside the lower silo, and a cutter mechanism and a guide plate which is obliquely arranged are arranged in the center of the lower silo. The utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective biomass fuel granulation machine has solved current fuel granulation machine unstable performance, the lower shortcoming of productivity ratio. Utility model material granule adopts two gear suppression, and the suppression is effectual, operates steadily, and it is regional big to suppress simultaneously, has improved production efficiency. The cutter mechanism is used for cutting off the product, so that good consistency of fuel particles is ensured. But the device can not control the forming size of biomass fuel particles.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a bio-pellet fuel, a processing device and a processing method thereof, which have the advantages that the bio-pellet fuel can be equally divided into two parts for processing, the formed size of the bio-pellet fuel can be controlled, the formed bio-pellet fuel is divided into two equal parts for output, and distribution and subsequent processing are facilitated.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a biological particle fuel processingequipment, includes shaping section of thick bamboo subassembly, unloader subassembly, extrusion actuating mechanism, power unit and cutting actuating mechanism, shaping section of thick bamboo subassembly be equipped with two, two shaping section of thick bamboo subassembly symmetries are established on the bottom plate, the unloader subassembly is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies, extrusion actuating mechanism establishes on the bottom plate, extrusion actuating mechanism is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies cooperations, power unit establishes between two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies, power unit and cutting actuating mechanism butt, cutting actuating mechanism establishes between two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies, cutting actuating mechanism is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies cooperations, two material receiving boxes are all placed on the bottom plate, two material receiving boxes are located the lower extreme of two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies respectively.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention provides a bio-pellet fuel processing device, wherein the forming cylinder assembly comprises a forming cylinder, supporting legs, forming holes, an annular cutting knife, side rods, T-shaped rods, round rods and a limiting plate; a shaping section of thick bamboo passes through landing leg fixed connection on the bottom plate, and the inboard of a shaping section of thick bamboo is encircleed and is provided with a plurality of shaping holes, and the outer end fixed connection limiting plate of a shaping section of thick bamboo, annular cutting knife sliding fit connect on a shaping section of thick bamboo, and an edge pole of annular cutting knife's both ends difference fixed connection, T type pole fixed connection is on two edge poles, and round bar fixed connection is on T type pole, and the round bar is connected with the cooperation of cutting actuating mechanism, and unloader subassembly and extrusion actuating mechanism all are connected with a shaping section of thick.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention provides a biological particle fuel processing device, wherein the blanking device assembly comprises a raw material barrel, a material guide pipe and a barrel frame; the raw material barrel is fixedly connected to the two forming barrels through the two barrel frames, the inner ends of the two material guide pipes are fixedly connected and communicated with the raw material barrel, and the outer ends of the two material guide pipes are fixedly connected and communicated with the two forming barrels.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention provides a bio-particle fuel processing device, wherein the extrusion driving mechanism comprises a first motor, a driving rod, a first deflector rod, a connecting rod, an extrusion plate and a striker plate; the first motor passes through motor frame fixed connection on the bottom plate, the output shaft fixed connection actuating lever of first motor, the both ends of actuating lever sliding fit connects a first driving lever respectively, the one end of a connecting rod of two first driving levers fixed connection respectively, stripper plate of another end fixed connection respectively of two connecting rods, two stripper plates sliding fit connects respectively in two shaping section of thick bamboos, a striker plate of upper end fixed connection respectively of two stripper plates, two striker plates laminate with the inner wall of two shaping section of thick bamboos respectively.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention provides a biological particle fuel processing device, and the power mechanism comprises a second motor and a driving disc; the second motor passes through motor frame fixed connection between two shaping section of thick bamboo, and the output shaft fixed connection drive disc of second motor, the bottom surface of drive disc is the inclined plane, the bottom surface and the cutting actuating mechanism butt of drive disc.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention provides a bio-particle fuel processing device, wherein the cutting driving mechanism comprises a T-shaped frame, a double-groove rod, a second deflector rod, a Y-shaped frame, a spring seat, a screw rod, a sliding sleeve, a compression spring, a screwing ring and a C-shaped frame; t type frame fixed connection is between two shaping section of thick bamboos, two double flute poles rotate the upper end of connecting at T type frame through the articulated shaft respectively, two second driving levers are sliding fit connection respectively at the middle part of two double flute poles, two pole difference sliding fit connect the lower extreme at two double flute poles, two second driving levers are all fixed connection on Y type frame, the both ends difference fixed connection screw rod and the Y type frame of spring holder, screw rod sliding fit connects on the sliding sleeve, sliding sleeve fixed connection is on T type frame, the compression spring cover is established on the screw rod, compression spring's both ends fixed connection spring holder and sliding sleeve, it connects on the screw rod to twist the ring through screw-thread fit, it laminates with the bottom surface of sliding sleeve to twist the ring, the lower extreme fixed connection C type frame of screw rod, the bottom surface butt of drive disc is at the inside lower.
A method of processing a bio-particulate fuel by a bio-particulate fuel processing plant, the method comprising the steps of:
the method comprises the following steps: adding the biofuel to be processed into a blanking device assembly, and uniformly dividing the biomass raw material into two forming cylinder assemblies by the blanking device assembly;
step two: the extrusion driving mechanism is started to extrude the biomass fuel in a rod shape;
step three: the power mechanism is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism to work, and the cutting driving mechanism drives the two forming cylinder assemblies to cut the extruded bar-shaped biofuel into particles;
step four: the formed biological particle fuel falls into two receiving boxes to be collected.
A bio-particulate fuel, the bio-particulate fuel comprising: 25 parts of pine sawdust, 54 parts of miscellaneous tree sawdust, 21 parts of sunflower straw powder, 25 parts of castor straw, 38 parts of larch sawdust, 15 parts of elm sawdust, 7 parts of willow sawdust and 21 parts of poplar sawdust.
The processing device of the biological granular fuel has the beneficial effects that:
according to the processing device for the bio-particle fuel, the blanking device assembly can equally divide the bio-fuel into two parts for processing, the size of the formed bio-particle fuel is controlled by adjusting the cutting driving mechanism, the formed bio-particle fuel is divided into two equal parts and falls into the two material receiving boxes for collection, and distribution and subsequent processing are facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a bio-pellet fuel processing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a bio-pellet fuel processing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a first schematic structural view of a forming drum assembly;
FIG. 4 is a second schematic structural view of a forming drum assembly;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a blanking device assembly;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the pressing drive mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the power mechanism;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the cutting drive mechanism.
In the figure: a forming cylinder assembly 1; forming cylinder 1-1; 1-2 of supporting legs; forming holes 1-3; 1-4 of an annular cutting knife; 1-5 of side rods; 1-6 of T-shaped rods; 1-7 parts of round rod; 1-8 parts of a limiting plate; a blanking device component 2; 2-1 of a raw material barrel; a material guide pipe 2-2; 2-3 of a barrel frame; an extrusion drive mechanism 3; a first electric machine 3-1; a drive rod 3-2; a first driving lever 3-3; 3-4 of a connecting rod; 3-5 parts of an extrusion plate; 3-6 parts of a material baffle plate; a power mechanism 4; a second motor 4-1; a driving disc 4-2; a cutting drive mechanism 5; 5-1 of a T-shaped frame; 5-2 of double-groove rods; 5-3 of a second driving lever; 5-4 of a Y-shaped frame; 5-5 parts of spring seats; 5-6 parts of screw; 5-7 of a sliding sleeve; 5-8 parts of a compression spring; 5-9 parts of a screwing ring; and 5-10 parts of a C-shaped frame.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Moreover, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance; the electrical components that appear in this application all external intercommunication power and control switch when using.
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-8 and the detailed description.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1-8, the present embodiment will be described, wherein a bio-pellet fuel processing apparatus comprises a forming cylinder assembly 1, a blanking device assembly 2, an extrusion driving mechanism 3, a power mechanism 4 and a cutting driving mechanism 5, shaping section of thick bamboo subassembly 1 be equipped with two, two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1 symmetries are established on bottom plate 7, unloader subassembly 2 is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1, extrusion actuating mechanism 3 is established on bottom plate 7, extrusion actuating mechanism 3 is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1 cooperations, power unit 4 is established between two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1, power unit 4 and cutting actuating mechanism 5 butt, cutting actuating mechanism 5 is established between two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1, cutting actuating mechanism 5 is connected with two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1 cooperations, two material receiving boxes 6 are all placed on bottom plate 7, two material receiving boxes 6 are located the lower extreme of two shaping section of thick bamboo subassemblies 1 respectively. When the device is used, the biofuel to be processed is added into the blanking device component 2, the blanking device component 2 equally divides the biofuel into the two molding cylinder components 1 for processing, the extrusion driving mechanism 3 is started to extrude the biofuel into a rod shape, the power mechanism 4 is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism 5 to work, the cutting driving mechanism 5 drives the two molding cylinder components 1 to cut the extruded rod-shaped biofuel into particles, the molded biological particle fuel is divided into two equal parts and falls into the two material receiving boxes 6 for collection, distribution and subsequent processing are facilitated, and the size of the molded biological particle fuel is controlled by adjusting the cutting driving mechanism 5.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-8, and the forming cylinder assembly 1 includes a forming cylinder 1-1, legs 1-2, forming holes 1-3, a circular cutting knife 1-4, side bars 1-5, T-shaped bars 1-6, round bars 1-7 and limiting plates 1-8; a forming cylinder 1-1 is fixedly connected to a bottom plate 7 through supporting legs 1-2, a plurality of forming holes 1-3 are arranged on the inner side of the forming cylinder 1-1 in a surrounding mode, the outer end of the forming cylinder 1-1 is fixedly connected with limiting plates 1-8, an annular cutting knife 1-4 is connected to the forming cylinder 1-1 in a sliding fit mode, two ends of the annular cutting knife 1-4 are respectively and fixedly connected with an edge rod 1-5, a T-shaped rod 1-6 is fixedly connected to the two edge rods 1-5, a round rod 1-7 is fixedly connected to the T-shaped rod 1-6, the round rod 1-7 is connected with a cutting driving mechanism 5 in a matching mode, and a blanking device assembly 2 and an extrusion driving mechanism 3 are connected with the forming cylinder 1-1. Biofuel falls into a forming cylinder 1-1, the extrusion driving mechanism 3 extrudes the biofuel from a forming hole 1-3 to form a rod shape, the power mechanism 4 drives a round rod 1-7 to reciprocate through a cutting driving mechanism 5, the round rod 1-7 drives an annular cutting knife 1-4 to reciprocate, the rod-shaped biofuel is cut into particles, and the biological particle fuel falls into a material receiving box 6 to be collected.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 8, wherein the blanking device assembly 2 includes a raw material barrel 2-1, a material guide pipe 2-2 and a barrel frame 2-3; the raw material barrel 2-1 is fixedly connected to the two forming barrels 1-1 through two barrel frames 2-3, the inner ends of the two material guide pipes 2-2 are fixedly connected and communicated with the raw material barrel 2-1, and the outer ends of the two material guide pipes 2-2 are fixedly connected and communicated with the two forming barrels 1-1. Adding the biofuel to be processed into the raw material barrel 2-1, and equally dividing the biofuel into the two forming barrels 1-1 through the two material guide pipes 2-2 for processing.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 8, and the extrusion driving mechanism 3 includes a first motor 3-1, a driving rod 3-2, a first driving lever 3-3, a connecting rod 3-4, an extrusion plate 3-5, and a striker plate 3-6; the first motor 3-1 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate 7 through a motor frame, an output shaft of the first motor 3-1 is fixedly connected with a driving rod 3-2, two ends of the driving rod 3-2 are respectively connected with a first driving lever 3-3 in a sliding fit mode, the two first driving levers 3-3 are respectively fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod 3-4, the other ends of the two connecting rods 3-4 are respectively fixedly connected with an extrusion plate 3-5, the two extrusion plates 3-5 are respectively connected in the two forming cylinders 1-1 in a sliding fit mode, the upper ends of the two extrusion plates 3-5 are respectively fixedly connected with a material baffle plate 3-6, and the two material baffle plates 3-6 are respectively attached to the inner walls of the two forming cylinders 1-1. The first motor 3-1 is started to drive the driving rod 3-2 to rotate, the driving rod 3-2 drives the two first deflector rods 3-3 to slide oppositely, the two first deflector rods 3-3 drive the two extrusion plates 3-5 to slide oppositely in the two forming cylinders 1-1, biofuel in the forming cylinders 1-1 is extruded from the forming holes 1-3, when the extrusion plates 3-5 slide towards the inner ends, the two baffle plates 3-6 can block the lower ends of the two guide pipes 2-2, and waste caused by the fact that fuel falls at the outer ends of the extrusion plates 3-5 when the baffle plates 3-6 extrude the biofuel towards the inner ends is avoided.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 8, wherein the power mechanism 4 includes a second motor 4-1 and a driving disc 4-2; the second motor 4-1 is fixedly connected between the two forming cylinders 1-1 through a motor frame, an output shaft of the second motor 4-1 is fixedly connected with the driving disc 4-2, the bottom surface of the driving disc 4-2 is an inclined surface, and the bottom surface of the driving disc 4-2 is abutted to the cutting driving mechanism 5. The second motor 4-1 is started to drive the driving disc 4-2 to rotate, and the driving disc 4-2 drives the annular cutting knife 1-4 to cut through the driving cutting driving mechanism 5.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
referring to fig. 1-8, the cutting driving mechanism 5 includes a T-shaped frame 5-1, a double-groove rod 5-2, a second shift lever 5-3, a Y-shaped frame 5-4, a spring seat 5-5, a screw rod 5-6, a sliding sleeve 5-7, a compression spring 5-8, a screw ring 5-9, and a C-shaped frame 5-10; a T-shaped frame 5-1 is fixedly connected between two forming cylinders 1-1, two double-groove rods 5-2 are respectively connected at the upper end of the T-shaped frame 5-1 through a hinged shaft in a rotating manner, two second deflector rods 5-3 are respectively connected at the middle parts of the two double-groove rods 5-2 in a sliding fit manner, two round rods 1-7 are respectively connected at the lower ends of the two double-groove rods 5-2 in a sliding fit manner, two second deflector rods 5-3 are both fixedly connected on a Y-shaped frame 5-4, two ends of a spring seat 5-5 are respectively fixedly connected with a screw rod 5-6 and a Y-shaped frame 5-4, the screw rod 5-6 is connected on a sliding sleeve 5-7 in a sliding fit manner, a sliding sleeve 5-7 is fixedly connected on the T-shaped frame 5-1, a compression spring 5-8 is sleeved on the screw rod 5-6, two ends of the compression spring 5-, the screwing ring 5-9 is connected to the screw rod 5-6 in a threaded fit mode, the screwing ring 5-9 is attached to the bottom face of the sliding sleeve 5-7, the lower end of the screw rod 5-6 is fixedly connected with the C-shaped frame 5-10, and the bottom face of the driving disc 4-2 abuts against the lower end inside the C-shaped frame 5-10. The driving disc 4-2 continuously extrudes the C-shaped frame 5-10 by rotating to drive the C-shaped frame 5-10 to reciprocate up and down, the C-shaped frame 5-10 drives the two second deflector rods 5-3 to reciprocate up and down through the screw rods 5-6, the two second deflector rods 5-3 drive the two double-groove rods 5-2 to reciprocate and rotate, and the two double-groove rods 5-2 drive the two round rods 1-7 to slide in an opposite or deviating manner, so that the two annular cutting knives 1-4 are driven to reciprocate to cut the biofuel into particles; the screwing ring 5-9 is rotated, the position of the screw rod 5-6 on the screwing ring 5-9 is changed by the screwing ring 5-9 and the screw rod 5-6 through threaded connection, the distance between the screwing ring 5-9 and the spring seat 5-5 is changed, so that the positions of the two second deflector rods 5-3 on the two double-groove rods 5-2 are changed, the angle between the two double-groove rods 5-2 is changed, the distance between the two round rods 1-7 is changed, the distance between the two annular cutting knives 1-4 is also changed, when the C-shaped frame 5-10 is driven by the driving disc 4-2 to reciprocate up and down, the stroke distance and the cycle time of the reciprocating movement of the two annular cutting knives 1-4 are changed, and the size of cut and formed biological particle fuel is changed.
A method of processing a bio-particulate fuel by a bio-particulate fuel processing plant, the method comprising the steps of:
the method comprises the following steps: adding the biofuel to be processed into a blanking device component 2, and uniformly distributing the biomass raw material into two forming cylinder components 1 by the blanking device component 2;
step two: the extrusion driving mechanism 3 is started to extrude the biomass fuel in a rod shape;
step three: the power mechanism 4 is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism 5 to work, and the cutting driving mechanism 5 drives the two forming cylinder assemblies 1 to cut the extruded bar-shaped biofuel into particles;
step four: the formed biological particle fuel falls into two material receiving boxes 6 to be collected.
A bio-particulate fuel, the bio-particulate fuel comprising: 25 parts of pine sawdust, 54 parts of miscellaneous tree sawdust, 21 parts of sunflower straw powder, 25 parts of castor straw, 38 parts of larch sawdust, 15 parts of elm sawdust, 7 parts of willow sawdust and 21 parts of poplar sawdust.
The invention relates to a biological particle fuel and a processing device and a processing method thereof, wherein the working principle comprises the following steps: when the device is used, the biofuel to be processed is added into the blanking device component 2, the blanking device component 2 equally divides the biofuel into the two molding cylinder components 1 for processing, the extrusion driving mechanism 3 is started to extrude the biofuel into a rod shape, the power mechanism 4 is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism 5 to work, the cutting driving mechanism 5 drives the two molding cylinder components 1 to cut the extruded rod-shaped biofuel into particles, the molded biological particle fuel is divided into two equal parts and falls into the two material receiving boxes 6 for collection, distribution and subsequent processing are facilitated, and the size of the molded biological particle fuel is controlled by adjusting the cutting driving mechanism 5.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a living beings pellet fuel processingequipment, includes shaping section of thick bamboo subassembly (1), unloader subassembly (2), extrusion actuating mechanism (3), power unit (4) and cutting actuating mechanism (5), its characterized in that: the two forming cylinder assemblies (1) are arranged, the two forming cylinder assemblies (1) are symmetrically arranged on a bottom plate (7), a blanking device assembly (2) is connected with the two forming cylinder assemblies (1), an extrusion driving mechanism (3) is arranged on the bottom plate (7), the extrusion driving mechanism (3) is matched and connected with the two forming cylinder assemblies (1), a power mechanism (4) is arranged between the two forming cylinder assemblies (1), the power mechanism (4) is abutted against a cutting driving mechanism (5), the cutting driving mechanism (5) is arranged between the two forming cylinder assemblies (1), the cutting driving mechanism (5) is matched and connected with the two forming cylinder assemblies (1), the two material receiving boxes (6) are both arranged on the bottom plate (7), and the two material receiving boxes (6) are respectively positioned at the lower ends of the two forming cylinder assemblies (1);
the forming cylinder assembly (1) comprises a forming cylinder (1-1), supporting legs (1-2), forming holes (1-3), annular cutting knives (1-4), side rods (1-5), T-shaped rods (1-6), round rods (1-7) and limiting plates (1-8); the forming cylinder (1-1) is fixedly connected to a bottom plate (7) through supporting legs (1-2), a plurality of forming holes (1-3) are formed in the inner side of the forming cylinder (1-1) in a surrounding mode, the outer end of the forming cylinder (1-1) is fixedly connected with limiting plates (1-8), an annular cutting knife (1-4) is connected to the forming cylinder (1-1) in a sliding fit mode, two ends of the annular cutting knife (1-4) are respectively and fixedly connected with a side rod (1-5), T-shaped rods (1-6) are fixedly connected to the two side rods (1-5), round rods (1-7) are fixedly connected to the T-shaped rods (1-6), the round rods (1-7) are connected with a cutting driving mechanism (5) in a matching mode, and a blanking device assembly (2) and an extrusion driving mechanism (3) are both connected with the forming cylinder (1-1);
the blanking device component (2) comprises a raw material barrel (2-1), a material guide pipe (2-2) and a barrel frame (2-3); the raw material barrel (2-1) is fixedly connected to the two forming barrels (1-1) through two barrel frames (2-3), the inner ends of the two material guide pipes (2-2) are fixedly connected and communicated with the raw material barrel (2-1), and the outer ends of the two material guide pipes (2-2) are fixedly connected and communicated with the two forming barrels (1-1);
the extrusion driving mechanism (3) comprises a first motor (3-1), a driving rod (3-2), a first driving lever (3-3), a connecting rod (3-4), an extrusion plate (3-5) and a material blocking plate (3-6); a first motor (3-1) is fixedly connected to a bottom plate (7) through a motor frame, an output shaft of the first motor (3-1) is fixedly connected with a driving rod (3-2), two ends of the driving rod (3-2) are respectively connected with a first deflector rod (3-3) in a sliding fit manner, two first deflector rods (3-3) are respectively fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod (3-4), the other ends of the two connecting rods (3-4) are respectively fixedly connected with an extrusion plate (3-5), the two extrusion plates (3-5) are respectively connected in two forming cylinders (1-1) in a sliding fit manner, the upper ends of the two extrusion plates (3-5) are respectively fixedly connected with a material baffle plate (3-6), and the two material baffle plates (3-6) are respectively attached to the inner walls of the two forming cylinders (1-1);
the power mechanism (4) comprises a second motor (4-1) and a driving disc (4-2); the second motor (4-1) is fixedly connected between the two forming cylinders (1-1) through a motor frame, an output shaft of the second motor (4-1) is fixedly connected with a driving disc (4-2), the bottom surface of the driving disc (4-2) is an inclined plane, and the bottom surface of the driving disc (4-2) is abutted to the cutting driving mechanism (5);
the cutting driving mechanism (5) comprises a T-shaped frame (5-1), a double-groove rod (5-2), a second driving lever (5-3), a Y-shaped frame (5-4), a spring seat (5-5), a screw (5-6), a sliding sleeve (5-7), a compression spring (5-8), a screwing ring (5-9) and a C-shaped frame (5-10); the T-shaped frame (5-1) is fixedly connected between the two forming cylinders (1-1), the two double-groove rods (5-2) are respectively connected to the upper end of the T-shaped frame (5-1) through hinged shafts in a rotating mode, the two second deflector rods (5-3) are respectively connected to the middle portions of the two double-groove rods (5-2) in a sliding fit mode, the two round rods (1-7) are respectively connected to the lower ends of the two double-groove rods (5-2) in a sliding fit mode, the two second deflector rods (5-3) are both fixedly connected to the Y-shaped frame (5-4), the two ends of the spring seat (5-5) are respectively fixedly connected with the screw rod (5-6) and the Y-shaped frame (5-4), the screw rod (5-6) is connected to the sliding sleeve (5-7) in a sliding fit mode, the sliding sleeve (5-7) is fixedly connected to the, the compression spring (5-8) is sleeved on the screw rod (5-6), two ends of the compression spring (5-8) are fixedly connected with the spring seat (5-5) and the sliding sleeve (5-7), the screwing ring (5-9) is connected onto the screw rod (5-6) through thread fit, the screwing ring (5-9) is attached to the bottom surface of the sliding sleeve (5-7), the lower end of the screw rod (5-6) is fixedly connected with the C-shaped frame (5-10), and the bottom surface of the driving disc (4-2) abuts against the lower end inside the C-shaped frame (5-10).
2. The method for processing the biomass granular fuel into the biomass granular fuel by using the biomass granular fuel processing device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: adding biomass fuel to be processed into a blanking device assembly (2), and uniformly distributing the biomass fuel into two forming cylinder assemblies (1) by the blanking device assembly (2);
step two: the extrusion driving mechanism (3) is started to extrude the biomass fuel in a rod shape;
step three: the power mechanism (4) is started to drive the cutting driving mechanism (5) to work, and the cutting driving mechanism (5) drives the two forming cylinder assemblies (1) to cut the extruded rod-shaped biomass fuel into particles;
step four: the formed biomass granular fuel falls into two material receiving boxes (6) to be collected.
CN201911403298.XA 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Biological granular fuel and processing device and processing method thereof Active CN111004659B (en)

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JPH0785897B2 (en) * 1993-08-04 1995-09-20 株式会社御池鐵工所 Solid fuel production equipment
CN206121695U (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-04-26 天津鸿峥新能源科技发展有限公司 High -efficiency biological matter particle forming machine
CN108990562A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-14 宁波沸柴机器人科技有限公司 Single lead screw ex truding briquetting machine is crushed in a kind of bioelectrogenesis
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