CN111003614A - Underwater cable laying device and method - Google Patents

Underwater cable laying device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111003614A
CN111003614A CN201911081521.3A CN201911081521A CN111003614A CN 111003614 A CN111003614 A CN 111003614A CN 201911081521 A CN201911081521 A CN 201911081521A CN 111003614 A CN111003614 A CN 111003614A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
plate
car
motor
blocks
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911081521.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付龙海
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Yantai Vocational College
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Yantai Vocational College
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yantai Vocational College filed Critical Yantai Vocational College
Priority to CN201911081521.3A priority Critical patent/CN111003614A/en
Publication of CN111003614A publication Critical patent/CN111003614A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/40Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material mobile or transportable
    • B65H75/42Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material mobile or transportable attached to, or forming part of, mobile tools, machines or vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables

Abstract

The invention discloses an underwater cable laying device and a method thereof, wherein a winding component is fixedly arranged at the top of a cable car of the laying device, a cable is arranged on the winding component, a pull-line car is attached to one side of the cable car, a braking component is arranged on the pull-line car and the cable car in a matched manner, a lifting component is arranged at the bottom of the pull-line car, a base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the lifting component, two symmetrically arranged driving rods are rotatably connected to the bottom of the base, moving wheels are fixedly arranged at two ends of each driving rod, and a driving component matched with the driving rods is fixedly connected to the bottom of the base. The cable laying device is simple in structure, when a cable is laid, the cable collecting shaft is fixed on the cable car, one end of the cable is fixed on the cable pulling car, the cable can be laid through the cable pulling car, manpower is saved, cable laying efficiency is improved, and the cable laying device has high practicability.

Description

Underwater cable laying device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cable laying and processing, in particular to an underwater cable laying device and an underwater cable laying method.
Background
The cable laying refers to a process of laying and installing cables along the checked route to form a cable line. According to the use occasion, the method can be divided into a plurality of laying modes such as overhead, underground (pipelines and direct burial), underwater, walls, tunnels and the like. The reasonable selection of the laying mode of the cable is very important for ensuring the transmission quality, reliability, construction maintenance and the like of the line.
In order to build an intelligent city, different urban terrains often need cable laying underwater, the existing cable laying work is finished manually due to underwater operation, workers are required to enter node positions of an underwater pipe network to perform wire pulling operation, time and labor are wasted, and great troubles are caused to manual laying due to the complex environment of the underwater pipe network, so that the underwater cable laying device and the method are provided for solving the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides an underwater cable laying device and an underwater cable laying method.
The invention provides an underwater cable laying device, wherein a winding assembly is fixedly mounted at the top of a cable car, a cable is arranged on the winding assembly, a cable car is attached to one side of the cable car, a brake assembly is arranged on the cable car and matched with the cable car, a lifting assembly is arranged at the bottom of the cable car, a base is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the lifting assembly, two symmetrically-arranged driving rods are rotatably connected to the bottom of the base, moving wheels are fixedly mounted at two ends of each driving rod, a driving assembly matched with the driving rods is fixedly connected to the bottom of the base, a fixing plate is fixedly mounted at the top of the cable car, a clamping assembly is arranged on the fixing plate, and one end of the cable extends into the clamping assembly.
Preferably, the winding assembly comprises a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate which are fixedly mounted at the top of the cable car, a rotating motor is fixedly mounted at one side of the second mounting plate, a return spring is fixedly mounted at one side of the first mounting plate, a sliding plate is fixedly mounted at one side of the return spring, square blocks are fixedly mounted at one sides of the sliding plate and the rotating motor, which are close to each other, positioning blocks are clamped at one sides of the two square blocks, a same cable collecting shaft is fixedly mounted at one side of the two positioning blocks, the cable is wound at the outer side of the cable collecting shaft, the cable collecting shaft can be driven to rotate by the rotating motor, so that the cable can be collected, when the cable collecting shaft needs to be replaced, the sliding plate is pressed at the moment, the sliding plate can compress the return spring until the square blocks on the sliding plate are separated from the positioning blocks, the cable collecting shaft can be detached for replacement.
Preferably, the bottom fixed mounting of cable car has four universal wheels, and four universal wheels become the rectangle and arrange in the bottom of cable car, utilize the universal wheel be convenient for the cable car can remove on the optional assigned position.
Preferably, one side fixed mounting of cable car has the handle, and the outside fixed cover of handle is equipped with the screw thread rubber pad, utilizes the handle can promote the cable car and carry out lateral shifting.
Preferably, the braking subassembly is including seting up the braking groove in cable car one side, fixed mounting has the band-type brake motor on the one side inner wall in braking groove, the welding has the rotor plate on the output shaft of band-type brake motor, the equal fixed mounting in top and the bottom of rotor plate has the braking card axle, one side fixed mounting of pull line car has the U-shaped brake block, and two braking card axles and U-shaped brake block looks block, when two braking card axles and U-shaped brake block are in the block state, can make cable car and pull line car fixed mutually, and when needing to remove both's fixed state, start the band-type brake motor this moment, the band-type brake motor drives the rotor plate and rotates ninety degrees, just can make braking card axle and U-shaped brake block on the rotor plate be in the detached state this moment, can remove cable car and pull line car fixed state this moment.
Preferably, lifting unit is including seting up the mounting groove in the guy wire car bottom, fixed mounting has driving motor on one side inner wall of mounting groove, the welding has the worm on driving motor's the output shaft, it is connected with two screw rods that the symmetry set up to rotate on the top inner wall of mounting groove, the outside fixed cover of screw rod is equipped with the worm wheel, and worm and two worm wheels mesh mutually, and threaded connection has same lifter plate on two screw rods, and the bottom of lifter plate and the top fixed connection of base, when needs drive the base and go up and down, starts driving motor this moment, and driving motor can drive the worm and rotate, and worm wheel mesh mutually, so can drive the screw rod and rotate, screw rod and lifter plate threaded connection, so can drive the lifter plate and carry out elevating movement, and then can adjust the height of base.
Preferably, drive assembly includes the step motor of fixed mounting in the base bottom, the welding has the second bevel gear on step motor's the output shaft, the fixed cover in the outside of actuating lever is equipped with first bevel gear, and first bevel gear and second bevel gear mesh mutually, and when the wheel rotated is removed in the needs drive, starts step motor this moment, and step motor can drive the actuating lever through first bevel gear and second bevel gear transmission down and rotate, and the actuating lever can drive and remove the wheel and rotate, so this drive assembly can drive and remove the wheel and rotate.
Preferably, the centre gripping subassembly includes two grip blocks that the symmetry of slidable mounting in fixed plate one side set up, and the cable conductor is located between two grip blocks, one side fixed mounting of grip block has the screw thread piece, one side of fixed plate is rotated and is installed the lead screw, and the lead screw runs through two screw thread pieces, and is provided with two sections screw threads that the symmetry set up on the lead screw, and two sections screw threads that the symmetry set up respectively with two screw thread piece threaded connection, so when the lead screw rotates, can drive two grip blocks and be close to each other or keep away from each other and remove, therefore can reach and fix the one end of cable conductor.
Preferably, the top of base fixed mounting has two spacing axles that the symmetry set up, and two spacing axles all extend to in the wire trolley and with wire trolley sliding connection, so utilize spacing axle can make base longitudinal sliding time can not take place the skew.
An underwater cable laying method comprises the following steps:
s1: the sliding plate is pushed to compress the return spring, the cable collecting shaft is placed between the two square blocks, then the sliding plate is loosened, and the square blocks are clamped with the positioning blocks under the action of the return elasticity of the return spring, so that the cable collecting shaft can be fixed between the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate;
s2: one end of a cable on the cable collecting shaft is pulled to be placed between the two clamping blocks, and then the screw rod is rotated clockwise to drive the two clamping blocks to be close to each other, so that the purpose of fixing one end of the cable can be achieved;
s3: the driving motor is started, the driving motor drives the worm to rotate clockwise, the worm is meshed with the worm wheel, so that the screw rod is driven to rotate, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the lifting plate, so that the lifting plate can be driven to descend, the base can be contacted with the ground, and the pull trolley can move conveniently;
s4: the band-type brake motor is started, the band-type brake motor drives the rotating plate to rotate ninety degrees, at the moment, the brake clamping shaft and the U-shaped brake block on the rotating plate are in a separated state, and at the moment, the fixed state of the cable car and the cable pulling car can be released;
s5: and meanwhile, the rotating motor and the stepping motor are started, and the pull-line trolley can pull one end of the cable to move towards a specified direction, so that the function of manual pull-line is replaced.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. by pressing the sliding plate, the sliding plate can compress the return spring until the square block on the sliding plate is separated from the positioning block, so that the cable collecting shaft can be detached for replacement.
2. When two braking card axles and U-shaped brake block are in the block state, can be so that cable car and pull line car are fixed mutually, and when need removing both's fixed state, start the band-type brake motor this moment, the band-type brake motor drives the rotor plate and rotates ninety degrees, just so can make braking card axle and the U-shaped brake block on the rotor plate be in the separation state this moment, therefore can remove cable car and pull line car fixed state.
3. Through starting driving motor, driving motor can drive the worm and rotate, and worm wheel mesh mutually, so can drive the screw rod and rotate, and screw rod and lifter plate threaded connection, so can drive the lifter plate and carry out elevating movement, and then can highly adjust the base, the pull-line car of being convenient for utilizes the base to provide drive power.
4. By starting the stepping motor, the stepping motor can drive the driving rod to rotate through the transmission of the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear, and the driving rod can drive the moving wheel to rotate, so that the trolley can be driven to move.
5. The cable can be fixed on the cable pulling vehicle by utilizing the screw rod and the two clamping blocks, so that the cable pulling vehicle can conveniently lay the cable.
The cable laying device is simple in structure, when a cable is laid, the cable collecting shaft is fixed on the cable car, one end of the cable is fixed on the cable pulling car, the cable can be laid through the cable pulling car, manpower is saved, cable laying efficiency is improved, and the cable laying device has high practicability.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of an underwater cable laying apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of a portion of FIG. 1 of an underwater cable routing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of a portion of FIG. 1 of an underwater cable routing device according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic structural view of a portion a of fig. 1 of an underwater cable routing device according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic structural view of a part B of fig. 1 of an underwater cable routing device according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is an enlarged structural schematic diagram of a part C of fig. 1 of an underwater cable routing device according to the present invention.
In the figure: the cable car comprises a cable car body 1, a first mounting plate 2, a second mounting plate 3, a rotating motor 4, a square block 5, a positioning block 6, a cable collecting shaft 7, a cable line 8, a reset spring 9, a sliding plate 10, a universal wheel 11, a handle 12, a cable car body 13, a fixing plate 14, a clamping block 15, a thread block 16, a screw rod 17, a mounting groove 18, a driving motor 19, a worm 20, a screw rod 21, a worm wheel 22, a lifting plate 23, a limiting shaft 24, a base 25, a movable wheel 26, a driving rod 27, a first bevel gear 28, a second bevel gear 29, a stepping motor 30, a braking groove 31, a braking block 32U-shaped, a brake motor 33, a rotating plate 34 and a brake clamping shaft 35.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further illustrated with reference to the following specific examples.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1-6, the embodiment provides an underwater cable laying device, a winding assembly is fixedly mounted at the top of a cable car 1, a cable 8 is arranged on the winding assembly, a cable car 13 is attached to one side of the cable car 1, a brake assembly is arranged on the cable car 13 and the cable car 1 in a matching manner, a lifting assembly is arranged at the bottom of the cable car 13, a base 25 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the lifting assembly, two driving rods 27 symmetrically arranged are rotatably connected to the bottom of the base 25, moving wheels 26 are fixedly mounted at two ends of the driving rods 27, a driving assembly matched with the driving rods 27 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the base 25, a fixing plate 14 is fixedly mounted at the top of the cable car 13, a clamping assembly is arranged on the fixing plate 14, and one end of the cable 8 extends into the clamping assembly.
In the embodiment, the winding assembly comprises a first mounting plate 2 and a second mounting plate 3 fixedly mounted on the top of the cable car 1, one side of the second mounting plate 3 is fixedly mounted with a rotating motor 4, one side of the first mounting plate 2 is fixedly mounted with a return spring 9, and one side of the return spring 9 is fixedly mounted with a sliding plate 10, one sides of the sliding plate 10 and the rotating motor 4 close to each other are fixedly mounted with square blocks 5, one sides of the two square blocks 5 close to each other are clamped with positioning blocks 6, one side of the two positioning blocks 6 close to each other is fixedly mounted with a same cable collecting shaft 7, a cable 8 is wound on the outer side of the cable collecting shaft 7, the cable 7 can be driven to rotate by the rotating motor 4, so that the purpose of collecting the cable 8 can be realized, when the cable collecting shaft 7 needs to be replaced, the sliding plate 10 is pressed at this time, the sliding plate 10 can compress the return spring 9, the cable collecting shaft 7 can be detached for replacement until the square block 5 on the sliding plate 10 is separated from the positioning block 6.
In this embodiment, four universal wheels 11 are fixedly mounted at the bottom of the cable car 1, and the four universal wheels 11 are arranged at the bottom of the cable car 1 in a rectangular shape, and the universal wheels 11 are used to facilitate the movement of the cable car 1 to any specified position.
In this embodiment, one side fixed mounting of cable car 1 has handle 12, and the fixed cover in the outside of handle 12 is equipped with the screw rubber pad, utilizes handle 12 can promote cable car 1 and carry out lateral shifting.
In this embodiment, the braking assembly includes a braking groove 31 provided at one side of the cable car 1, a band-type brake motor 33 is fixedly installed on an inner wall of one side of the braking groove 31, a rotating plate 34 is welded on an output shaft of the band-type brake motor 33, braking clamp shafts 35 are fixedly installed at the top and the bottom of the rotating plate 34, a U-shaped braking block 32 is fixedly installed at one side of the cable car 13, and the two braking clamp shafts 35 are engaged with the U-shaped braking block 32, when the two brake clamping shafts 35 and the U-shaped brake block 32 are in a clamping state, the cable car 1 and the cable car 13 can be fixed, when the fixing state of the cable car 1 and the cable car 13 needs to be released, the band-type brake motor 33 is started at the moment, the band-type brake motor 33 drives the rotating plate 34 to rotate ninety degrees, the brake clamping shaft 35 and the U-shaped brake block 32 on the rotating plate 34 are separated at the moment, and the fixing state of the cable car 1 and the cable car 13 can be released at the moment.
In this embodiment, the lifting assembly includes a mounting groove 18 provided at the bottom of the trolley 13, a driving motor 19 is fixedly mounted on an inner wall of one side of the mounting groove 18, a worm 20 is welded on an output shaft of the driving motor 19, two symmetrically arranged screw rods 21 are rotatably connected to an inner wall of the top of the mounting groove 18, a worm wheel 22 is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the screw rods 21, the worm 20 is meshed with the two worm wheels 22, the two screw rods 21 are connected with the same lifting plate 23 in a threaded manner, the bottom of the lifting plate 23 is fixedly connected with the top of the base 25, when the base 25 needs to be driven to lift, the driving motor 19 is started, the driving motor 19 drives the worm 20 to rotate, the worm 20 is meshed with the worm wheel 22, so that the screw 21 is driven to rotate, the screw 21 is in threaded connection with the lifting plate 23, so that the lifting plate 23 can be driven to move up and down, and the height of the base 25 can be adjusted.
In this embodiment, the driving assembly includes a stepping motor 30 fixedly installed at the bottom of the base 25, a second bevel gear 29 is welded on an output shaft of the stepping motor 30, a first bevel gear 28 is fixedly sleeved outside the driving rod 27, and the first bevel gear 28 is engaged with the second bevel gear 29, when the moving wheel 26 needs to be driven to rotate, the stepping motor 30 is started, the driving rod 27 can be driven to rotate by the stepping motor 30 through the transmission of the first bevel gear 28 and the second bevel gear 29, and the driving rod 27 can drive the moving wheel 26 to rotate, so the driving assembly can drive the moving wheel 26 to rotate.
In this embodiment, the clamping assembly includes two clamping blocks 15 that the symmetry of slidable mounting in fixed plate 14 one side set up, and cable conductor 8 is located between two clamping blocks 15, one side fixed mounting of clamping block 15 has screw block 16, one side of fixed plate 14 is rotated and is installed lead screw 17, and lead screw 17 runs through two screw blocks 16, and be provided with two sections of screw threads that the symmetry set up on the lead screw 17, and two sections of screw threads that the symmetry set up respectively with two screw blocks 16 threaded connection, so when lead screw 17 rotated, can drive two clamping blocks 15 and be close to each other or keep away from each other and remove, therefore can reach and fix the one end of cable conductor 8.
In this embodiment, two limiting shafts 24 are symmetrically installed on the top of the base 25, and the two limiting shafts 24 extend into the trolley 13 and are slidably connected with the trolley 13, so that the base 25 does not deviate when longitudinally sliding by using the limiting shafts 24.
In the embodiment, when the cable collecting device is used, the structure of the cable collecting device is improved to a certain extent, corresponding functional adaptive components are added to the cable collecting device, and the actual using effect of the cable collecting device is enhanced, and the cable collecting device is specifically characterized in that the sliding plate 10 is pushed to compress the return spring 9, the cable collecting shaft 7 is placed between the two square blocks 5, then the sliding plate 10 is loosened, the square blocks 5 and the positioning blocks 6 are clamped under the action of the return elastic force of the return spring 9, so that the cable collecting shaft 7 can be fixed between the first mounting plate 2 and the second mounting plate 3, one end of a cable 8 on the cable collecting shaft 7 is pulled to be placed between the two clamping blocks 15, the screw rod 17 is rotated clockwise to drive the two clamping blocks 15 to be close to each other, the purpose of fixing one end of the cable 8 can be achieved, the driving motor 19 is started, the driving motor 19 drives the worm 20 to rotate clockwise, and the, so can drive screw rod 21 and rotate, and screw rod 21 and lifter plate 23 threaded connection, so can drive lifter plate 23 and descend, and then can contact base 25 and ground, make things convenient for the trolley 13 to remove, start band-type brake motor 33, band-type brake motor 33 drives rotor plate 34 and rotates ninety degrees, just this moment can make braking card axle 35 and the U-shaped brake block 32 on the rotor plate 34 be in the separation state, can remove cable car 1 and trolley 13 fixed state this moment, start rotating electrical machines 4 and step motor 30 simultaneously, trolley 13 can stimulate the one end of cable conductor 8 and move towards appointed direction, the function of artifical act as go-between has been replaced.
The invention also provides an underwater cable laying method, which comprises the following steps:
s1: the sliding plate 10 is pushed to compress the return spring 9, the cable collecting shaft 7 is placed between the two square blocks 5, then the sliding plate 10 is loosened, and the square blocks 5 and the positioning block 6 are clamped under the action of the return elasticity of the return spring 9, so that the cable collecting shaft 7 can be fixed between the first mounting plate 2 and the second mounting plate 3;
s2: one end of a cable 8 on the cable collecting shaft 7 is pulled to be placed between the two clamping blocks 15, and then the screw rod 17 is rotated clockwise to drive the two clamping blocks 15 to be close to each other, so that the purpose of fixing one end of the cable 8 can be achieved;
s3: the driving motor 19 is started, the driving motor 19 drives the worm 20 to rotate clockwise, and the worm 20 is meshed with the worm wheel 22, so that the screw 21 is driven to rotate, and the screw 21 is in threaded connection with the lifting plate 23, so that the lifting plate 23 can be driven to descend, the base 25 can be contacted with the ground, and the trolley 13 can conveniently move;
s4: the band-type brake motor 33 is started, the band-type brake motor 33 drives the rotating plate 34 to rotate ninety degrees, at the moment, the brake clamping shaft 35 and the U-shaped brake block 32 on the rotating plate 34 are in a separated state, and at the moment, the fixed state of the cable car 1 and the cable car 13 can be released;
s5: and the rotating motor 4 and the stepping motor 30 are started simultaneously, and the pull trolley 13 can pull one end of the cable 8 to move towards a specified direction, so that the function of manual pulling is replaced.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a device is laid to cable under water, includes the cable car, its characterized in that, the top fixed mounting of cable car has the rolling subassembly, and is provided with the cable conductor on the rolling subassembly, one side laminating of cable car has the wire stretcher, and wire stretcher and cable car cooperate and be provided with braking component, the bottom of wire stretcher is provided with lifting unit, and lifting unit's bottom fixed mounting has the base, the bottom swivelling joint of base has two actuating levers that the symmetry set up, and the equal fixed mounting in both ends of actuating lever has the removal wheel, the bottom fixedly connected with and the actuating lever matched with drive assembly of base, the top fixed mounting of wire stretcher has the fixed plate, be provided with the centre gripping subassembly on the fixed plate, and the one end of cable conductor extends to in the centre gripping subassembly.
2. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein the winding assembly includes a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate fixedly mounted on the top of the cable car, a rotating motor is fixedly mounted on one side of the second mounting plate, a return spring is fixedly mounted on one side of the first mounting plate, a sliding plate is fixedly mounted on one side of the return spring, square blocks are fixedly mounted on the sides of the sliding plate and the rotating motor, which are close to each other, a positioning block is clamped on the side of each of the two square blocks, a same cable collecting shaft is fixedly mounted on the side of each of the two positioning blocks, which is close to each other, and the cable is wound on the outer side of the cable collecting shaft.
3. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein four universal wheels are fixedly mounted at the bottom of the cable car, and the four universal wheels are arranged at the bottom of the cable car in a rectangular shape.
4. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein a handle is fixedly mounted on one side of the cable car, and a threaded rubber pad is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the handle.
5. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein the brake assembly includes a brake groove formed in one side of the cable car, a band-type brake motor is fixedly mounted on an inner wall of one side of the brake groove, a rotating plate is welded to an output shaft of the band-type brake motor, brake clamping shafts are fixedly mounted at the top and the bottom of the rotating plate, a U-shaped brake block is fixedly mounted on one side of the cable car, and the two brake clamping shafts and the U-shaped brake block are clamped with each other.
6. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein the lifting assembly comprises a mounting groove formed in the bottom of the trolley, a driving motor is fixedly mounted on an inner wall of one side of the mounting groove, a worm is welded on an output shaft of the driving motor, two symmetrically arranged screw rods are rotatably connected to an inner wall of the top of the mounting groove, worm wheels are fixedly sleeved on the outer sides of the screw rods, the worm and the two worm wheels are meshed, the same lifting plate is connected to the two screw rods in a threaded manner, and the bottom of the lifting plate is fixedly connected with the top of the base.
7. The underwater cable laying device according to claim 1, wherein the driving assembly comprises a stepping motor fixedly mounted at the bottom of the base, a second bevel gear is welded to an output shaft of the stepping motor, a first bevel gear is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the driving rod, and the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear.
8. The underwater cable laying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clamping assembly includes two clamping blocks which are slidably mounted on one side of the fixing plate and symmetrically arranged, the cable is located between the two clamping blocks, a thread block is fixedly mounted on one side of the clamping blocks, a screw rod is rotatably mounted on one side of the fixing plate and penetrates through the two thread blocks, two symmetrically arranged threads are arranged on the screw rod, and the two symmetrically arranged threads are respectively in threaded connection with the two thread blocks.
9. The underwater cable arrangement device as claimed in claim 1, wherein two limiting shafts are symmetrically arranged and fixedly mounted at the top of the base, and both of the two limiting shafts extend into the pulling trolley and are slidably connected with the pulling trolley.
10. An underwater cable laying method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: the sliding plate is pushed to compress the return spring, the cable collecting shaft is placed between the two square blocks, then the sliding plate is loosened, and the square blocks are clamped with the positioning blocks under the action of the return elasticity of the return spring, so that the cable collecting shaft can be fixed between the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate;
s2: one end of a cable on the cable collecting shaft is pulled to be placed between the two clamping blocks, and then the screw rod is rotated clockwise to drive the two clamping blocks to be close to each other, so that the purpose of fixing one end of the cable can be achieved;
s3: the driving motor is started, the driving motor drives the worm to rotate clockwise, the worm is meshed with the worm wheel, so that the screw rod is driven to rotate, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the lifting plate, so that the lifting plate can be driven to descend, the base can be contacted with the ground, and the pull trolley can move conveniently;
s4: the band-type brake motor is started, the band-type brake motor drives the rotating plate to rotate ninety degrees, at the moment, the brake clamping shaft and the U-shaped brake block on the rotating plate are in a separated state, and at the moment, the fixed state of the cable car and the cable pulling car can be released;
s5: and meanwhile, the rotating motor and the stepping motor are started, and the pull-line trolley can pull one end of the cable to move towards a specified direction, so that the function of manual pull-line is replaced.
CN201911081521.3A 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 Underwater cable laying device and method Pending CN111003614A (en)

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CN204138052U (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-02-04 安徽理工大学 The draw off gear of underfloor duct cable
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CN109484980A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-03-19 武汉理工大学 Movable shore electric system automatic lifting device based on cable rotating cylinder separated structure
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1207331A2 (en) * 2000-11-16 2002-05-22 Tesmec SpA Machine for laying underground pipes, electrical cables, optical fibres or similar, and device for pushing the pipes associated with this machine
NL1018324C2 (en) * 2001-06-19 2002-12-20 Mathieu Christiaan J Bastiaans System for protecting cables in underground pipeline, uses small robot carriage to spread protective layer of resin over cable
CN201498966U (en) * 2009-09-23 2010-06-02 河南省电力公司焦作供电公司 Multifunctional cable laying carriage frame
CN204138052U (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-02-04 安徽理工大学 The draw off gear of underfloor duct cable
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CN208684110U (en) * 2018-07-07 2019-04-02 陕西江川建设有限公司 A kind of power construction traction device easy to use
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