CN110984195A - Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure - Google Patents

Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110984195A
CN110984195A CN201911360996.6A CN201911360996A CN110984195A CN 110984195 A CN110984195 A CN 110984195A CN 201911360996 A CN201911360996 A CN 201911360996A CN 110984195 A CN110984195 A CN 110984195A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
semi
fixed
rope
ground
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CN201911360996.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉明
张钦刚
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Weifang University of Science and Technology
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Weifang University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201911360996.6A priority Critical patent/CN110984195A/en
Publication of CN110984195A publication Critical patent/CN110984195A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines

Abstract

The invention provides a geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure, which comprises a laying structure and a blocking net structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protection ring, a vertical steel rope and a transverse steel rope, the protection ring comprises a ring upper part and a ring lower part, the ring upper part comprises an upper semi-ring wall and a ground wall arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall is arranged to be a permeable ground wall, a drainage structure is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall, a plurality of steel rope holes are arranged on the lower semi-ring wall, the steel rope holes are arranged to be strip-shaped, the blocking net structure comprises a fixed supporting column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and an intercepting net, the fixed supporting column is connected with the intercepting net through the connecting rope and the elastic structure, a connecting member is arranged at the upper half part of the fixed supporting column, a pointed cone is arranged at the lower half part of the fixed supporting column, and a pulling-proof member is also arranged on, can be popularized and used in the field of geotechnical engineering.

Description

Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of geotechnical engineering, in particular to a geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure.
Background
With the development of the country, the country has more and more investment in human foundation civil engineering, and in geotechnical engineering in the fields of roads, water conservancy, building construction and the like, a common soil slope is usually set in a gentle slope manner, or a layer of anti-falling net is sleeved on the slope, or a group of retaining facilities are built under the slope, and as excessive rainwater in part of regions easily causes the slope to slide integrally, the slope and the retaining facilities of the slope are simultaneously destroyed by washing, and the road is blocked, even the casualties are caused. The existing partial slope protection is usually directly paved by concrete, and is easy to wholly fall off during landslide, the appearance degree is poor, the protection effect is general, and when impact is received, the impact is easy to completely destroy.
In the prior art, in a patent published and granted by the nation, the grant number is as follows: CN208088160U, this patent discloses a side slope protection buffering energy absorber, it is including setting up the foundation ditch on the side slope, be provided with vibrating motor in the foundation ditch, set firmly conical bit on vibrating motor's the output shaft, conical bit is located the outside of foundation ditch, the below that just is located the foundation ditch on the side slope still is provided with a plurality of hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder sets firmly on the side slope through rag screw, and hydraulic cylinder's piston rod upwards sets up along the side slope inclination, and it has the stock to run through in the piston rod, and the stock inserts in the side slope, hydraulic cylinder's cavity of resorption indoor packing has hydraulic oil. The invention has the beneficial effects that: compact structure, long service life, increase the steadiness of side slope, convenient to use can be with broken into little stone of big stone. However, the prior art is high in manufacturing cost, basically unrealistic, free of practical popularization prospect, complex in technology, large in mechanical equipment and electrical equipment requirement and high in operation difficulty.
Therefore, aiming at the defects of the prior art, it is necessary to provide a geotechnical engineering slope protection reinforced structure which has good protection effect, strong impact resistance, simple structural principle, and is beautiful and practical.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a geotechnical engineering slope protection reinforcing structure which can overcome the defects that in the prior art, the protection effect is general, the structure is complex and unpractical, and the attractiveness is general, and has the characteristics of good protection effect, strong impact resistance, simple structural principle, attractiveness and practicability.
The embodiment of the invention is realized by the following steps:
a geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure comprises a laying structure and a blocking net structure which are arranged in a matching mode; in the actual application, will lay the fixed setting of structure on the side slope, then the block structure cooperation sets up in the side slope bottom, constitutes dual protection, improves the protective effect of whole structure and to the reinforcing effect of side slope.
The laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a transverse steel rope, the protective ring comprises a ring upper part and a ring lower part, the ring upper part comprises an upper semi-ring wall and a ground wall arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall is a permeable ground wall, and a drainage structure is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall; the lower part of the ring comprises a lower semi-ring wall and a fixed connection structure, the lower semi-ring wall is provided with a plurality of steel rope holes, the steel rope holes are arranged in a strip shape, the vertical steel ropes and the horizontal steel ropes penetrate through the steel rope holes, and the fixed connection structure and the lower semi-ring wall are integrally formed; the upper part of the ring can be planted with plants and trees according to actual conditions, so that water and soil loss can be prevented, the slope of geotechnical engineering can be beautified, the aesthetic property of the slope is improved, the slope can be more stably fixed on the circular structure of the protection ring, the circular structure is not similar to a square structure, the protection ring is connected in rows and rows, namely, the part shielded by the square structure can not grow the vegetation per se, the square structures are tightly connected with each other, in heavy rain, rainwater is easy to accumulate, and the hidden danger of collapse can be increased, but the circular structure of the protection ring is adopted, under the condition of not reducing the connection strength of each other, a space is still formed under the connection, the vegetation of the slope can grow, the native vegetation can not be completely killed while the protection ring is reinforced, and the protection ring is also provided with a drainage structure, so that water flow blockage caused by insufficient drainage can be avoided in the season, risk and hidden danger of collapse; the lower part of the ring is deep into the side slope and is rooted in the side slope, a reinforcing effect can be achieved, and the lower part of the ring is equivalently provided with a plurality of fixing points of the laying structure, so that the connection stability of the whole laying structure is improved. And through the arrangement of the strip-shaped steel rope holes, when the steel rope passes through the steel rope holes, the protective ring disclosed by the invention has the capability of adjusting the distance up and down to a certain extent, and can adapt to different slopes, or can adapt to the flatness of different slopes.
The blocking net structure comprises a fixed supporting column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and a blocking net, the fixed supporting column is connected with the blocking net through the connecting rope and the elastic structure, the blocking net can be a steel wire mesh or a nylon net, the upper half part of the fixed supporting column is a connecting part, the upper part of the connecting part is provided with a connecting component, the lower half part of the fixed supporting column is a fixed part, the lower end of the fixed part is provided with a pointed cone, the fixed part is also provided with an anti-pulling component, the fixed part of the fixed supporting column directly goes deep into the ground for fixing, the anti-pulling component is utilized to ensure that the fixed support column has no influence on the deep underground, but the fixed support column is difficult to pull out, the stability of the fixed support column is improved, and the fixed support column is also connected with the ground through the connecting component and the connecting rope, the fixing device is fixed in the direction opposite to the arrangement direction of the interception net, so that the connection stability of the fixed support column is further enhanced.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the floor is a grid floor or a mesh floor, the grid floor is an orthogonal grid floor, the mesh floor includes a bottom plate and mesh holes, the mesh holes are uniformly distributed on the bottom plate, and the bottom plate is integrally formed with the upper semi-ring wall. When the ground wall is the ground wall of different forms, in order to adapt to different slope surface conditions, when the slope surface is a breakthrough or a hillside with more soil, the latticed ground wall is directly adopted, the ground wall is directly contacted and connected with the slope surface, vegetation with strong water absorption and good soil holding power can be directly planted, and water and soil loss can be prevented; if the broken stones are more or the hilly and rocky slope is less, a mesh-shaped ground wall needs to be arranged, related plants are planted on the ground wall, one plant can be used for stabilizing the slope by vegetation to a certain degree, the other plant can be used for greening, even modeling can be increased (the position of a protection ring can be properly adjusted), and the attractiveness is improved.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the drainage structure is a drainage groove, the drainage groove is circumferentially disposed on the upper half-ring wall, the upper half-ring wall and the lower half-ring wall are integrally formed, and the drainage structure is disposed in the drainage groove, so that when the protection ring is tightly connected, a drainage channel is reserved for timely drainage in a rainwater season, and rainwater blockage is not caused, which may cause potential safety hazards to a slope.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the number of the steel rope holes is 2-8, the steel rope holes are symmetrically arranged on the lower semi-ring wall, the steel rope holes are arranged on the protection ring in pairs (because the steel rope holes are arranged in both the horizontal direction and the vertical direction), and both the horizontal steel rope and the vertical steel rope need to pass through the steel rope holes, so the number of the steel rope holes is at least 2, preferably not more than 8, at this time, 4 steel rope holes are already arranged in one direction, and if the steel rope holes are arranged more than 8, a reverse effect is achieved, the strength of the protection ring can be affected, and the arrangement effect of the protection ring is reduced, so that the protection ring is not compensated.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the connecting members are arranged in the order from the top to the bottom of the connecting portion, and the number of the connecting members is 3-6. The group number that connecting elements set up can set up according to actual conditions, and elastic construction is connected to one of them group connecting elements, and the interception net is connected to elastic construction, and all the other groups all set up in this a set of reversal, carry out a fixed, reverse fixedly through connecting the rope, utilize fastening member to fix on ground, reverse taut to fixed bracing piece, improve the impact force that it received.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the connecting member is a hook ring, the hook ring is connected with a connecting rope, and the other end of the connecting rope is fixed on the ground through a fixing member, that is, the connecting rope is fixedly arranged on the ground through a fastening member, and reversely provides a reverse pulling force for the fixed support column, so as to improve the impact resistance of the fixed support column.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the elastic structure includes a hollow cylinder, a plurality of sets of spring assemblies are disposed in the hollow cylinder, and a position-limiting plate is disposed between the spring assemblies. The limiting plate is arranged to prevent the spring from being excessively deformed and being incapable of recovering, so that the distance between the limiting plate and the spring is generally the maximum deformation distance of the spring, the maximum impact force can be borne by the spring in the maximum utilization mode, and the impact force of the intercepting net can be buffered through the elastic structure.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the spring assembly includes a spring and a baffle, one end of the spring is connected to the connecting rope, the other end of the spring is connected to the baffle, the other end of the baffle is connected to the connecting rope of the next segment, and the connecting rope of the next segment penetrates through the limiting plate and is connected to the spring in the next spring assembly. In the use, when the emergence is strikeed, connect the rope and can stimulate the baffle, the baffle antedisplacement, drive the tensile deformation of spring, when reaching maximum deformation, the baffle can contact the limiting plate (if the spring unit of tail end, then the baffle can contact cavity section of thick bamboo inner wall), prevent that the spring from taking place excessive deformation and leading to unable the resumeing, in the actual application, the distance that sets up of adjustable limiting plate, be used for guaranteeing, after last spring unit reachd maximum deformation volume, next spring unit has not reached maximum deformation volume, analogize in proper order, guarantee that each group's spring unit can both make full use of.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the spring assemblies are arranged in 2-6 sets. The impact resistance test device can be arranged according to actual conditions, can be suitable for most of impacts and can be applied to the invention for practical application.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the anti-pulling members are sequentially disposed on the fixing portion from top to bottom, the anti-pulling members are bowl-shaped structures and are disposed on the fixing portion in a surrounding manner, the anti-pulling members are disposed in a bowl-shaped structure, are semi-conical and are hollow, and have substantially no effect on the forward direction entering the ground, but have great difficulty if the anti-pulling members are pulled out in a reverse direction, and the bowl-shaped anti-pulling members provide a considerable reaction force to prevent easy pulling out.
The embodiment of the invention at least has the following advantages or beneficial effects:
the effect is one, and the protection effect is good. The invention adopts a laying structure and a blocking net structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a horizontal steel rope, the blocking net structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and a blocking net, the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope in the laying structure penetrate through the protective ring, then the protective ring is fixed on a slope surface, the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope at two ends are fixed on the peripheral edge of a side slope by tensioning, then the fixed support column is connected with the blocking net by the connecting rope and the elastic structure, the upper half part of the fixed support column is a connecting part, a connecting component is arranged on the connecting part, the lower half part of the fixed support column is a fixed part, the lower end of the fixed part is provided with a pointed cone, the fixed part of the fixed support column is also provided with an anti-pulling component, the fixed part of the fixed support column directly goes deep into the ground for fixing, and the, the stability of fixed stay post is improved to still through the connecting elements who sets up, through connecting the rope, set up the direction reversal fixed with the interception net, thereby further strengthen the connection stability of fixed stay post. Double protection, wide coverage, and firm fixation, thus having good protection effect.
And the second effect is strong impact resistance. The invention arranges a laying structure and a blocking net structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a transverse steel rope, and the blocking net structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and an intercepting net; the protective ring is of a circular structure, can enhance the fixing effect after being connected through the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope, is provided with a drainage structure, avoids rainwater blockage, can buffer the impact of rainwater to a certain extent, and has certain impact resistance; and the barrier net structure passes through the fixed stay post and connects rope and elastic construction connection barrier net, utilizes the connection rope and the elastic construction of barrier net, can realize the energy buffering and the absorption of great impact, including the landing of grit, the collapse etc. of soil, and shock resistance is strong.
And the effect is three, and the structure principle is simple. The invention arranges a laying structure and a blocking structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a horizontal steel rope, the blocking structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and a blocking net, which are all simple mechanical mechanisms, the manufacturing cost is low, the integral principle structure is very simple, the invention is very easy to understand, and the implementation basically has no technical difficulty and obstruction. The novel LED lamp tube has the advantages that no electric component and equipment thereof, or complicated large mechanical equipment or mechanical structure exists, so that the novel LED lamp tube is simple in structure, easy to understand the principle, low in manufacturing cost, basically free of difficulty in implementation and promising in popularization prospect.
And the effect is four, and the appearance is attractive and practical. The protective ring comprises an upper ring part and a lower ring part, the upper ring part comprises an upper semi-ring wall and a ground wall arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall is a permeable ground wall, and a drainage structure is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall; the lower part of the ring comprises a lower semi-ring wall and a fixed connection structure, the lower semi-ring wall is provided with a plurality of steel rope holes, the steel rope holes are arranged in a strip shape, the vertical steel ropes and the horizontal steel ropes penetrate through the steel rope holes, and the fixed connection structure and the lower semi-ring wall are integrally formed; the upper part of the ring can be planted with plants and trees according to actual conditions, so that water and soil loss can be prevented, the slope of geotechnical engineering can be beautified, the aesthetic property of the slope is improved, the slope can be more stably fixed on the circular structure of the protection ring, the circular structure is not similar to a square structure, the protection ring is connected in rows and rows, namely, the part shielded by the square structure can not grow the vegetation per se, the square structures are tightly connected with each other, in heavy rain, rainwater is easy to accumulate, and the hidden danger of collapse can be increased, but the circular structure of the protection ring is adopted, under the condition of not reducing the connection strength of each other, a space is still formed under the connection, the vegetation of the slope can grow, the native vegetation can not be completely killed while the protection ring is reinforced, and the protection ring is also provided with a drainage structure, so that water flow blockage caused by insufficient drainage can be avoided in the season, risk and hidden danger of collapse; the lower part of the ring is deep into the side slope and is rooted in the side slope, and the reinforcing effect can be achieved, namely, a plurality of fixing points of the laying structure are arranged. Therefore, the protective ring is arranged, so that the connection strength and the stability can be improved, plants with strong water absorption and good ground gripping force can be planted for beautifying, the existing cement is prevented from being directly and integrally paved, the protective ring can be used for designing and manufacturing different attractive fixed shapes, and the slope surface can be fixed and the appearance can be attractive; the invention has good protection effect, strong impact resistance, simple structure principle, better practicability and good popularization prospect; therefore, the invention has the characteristics of beauty and practicability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a laying structure in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a guard ring according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a laying structure in embodiment 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a guard ring according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a barrier structure according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a fixing support pillar according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of an anti-pulling structure of a fixing support column according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic top view of a fixed supporting pillar structure according to an embodiment of the invention.
Icon: 1-laying structure, 2-blocking net structure, 3-protective ring, 4-vertical steel rope, 5-horizontal steel rope, 6-fixed support column, 7-connecting rope, 8-elastic structure, 9-blocking net, 31-upper half ring wall, 32-ground wall, 33-drainage structure, 34-lower half ring wall, 35-fixed connection structure, 36-steel rope hole, 61-connecting member, 62-pointed cone, 63-pulling-proof member, 81-hollow cylinder, 82-spring component, 83-limiting plate, 821-spring and 822-baffle.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that, if the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or the orientations or positional relationships that the products of the present invention are usually placed in when used, the orientations or positional relationships are only used for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but the terms do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements indicated must have specific orientations, be constructed in specific orientations, and operate, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Furthermore, the terms "horizontal", "vertical", "overhang" and the like do not require that the components be absolutely horizontal or overhang, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, "a plurality" represents at least 2.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be further noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, specifically to fig. 1 to 2 and fig. 5 to 9, the embodiment provides a geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure, which includes a laying structure 1 and a blocking net structure 2, which are cooperatively arranged; in the actual application, will lay fixed the setting of structure 1 on the side slope, then block structure 2 cooperation sets up in the side slope bottom, constitutes dual protection, improves the protective effect of whole structure and to the reinforcing effect of side slope.
The laying structure 1 comprises a protective ring 3, a vertical steel rope 4 and a transverse steel rope 5, wherein the protective ring 3 comprises an upper ring part and a lower ring part, the upper ring part comprises an upper semi-ring wall 31 and a ground wall 32 arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall 32 is a permeable ground wall, and a drainage structure 33 is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall 31; the lower part of the ring comprises a lower semi-ring wall 34 and a fixed connection structure 35, a plurality of steel rope holes 36 are formed in the lower semi-ring wall 34, the steel rope holes 36 are arranged in a strip shape, the vertical steel ropes 4 and the horizontal steel ropes 5 penetrate through the steel rope holes 36, and the fixed connection structure 35 and the lower semi-ring wall 34 are integrally formed; the upper part of the ring can be planted with grass and trees according to actual conditions, so that water and soil loss can be prevented, the slope of geotechnical engineering can be beautified, the aesthetic property of the slope is improved, the slope can be more stably fixed on the circular structure of the protection ring 3, the circular structure is not similar to a square structure, and the protection ring is connected in rows and rows, namely, the vegetation of the slope can not grow at all on the part shielded by the square structure, and because the square structures are tightly connected with each other, the rainwater is easy to accumulate in heavy rain hours and the hidden danger of collapse can be increased, the circular structure of the protection ring 3 is adopted in the invention, under the condition of not reducing the connection strength of the square structures, a space still exists under the mutual connection, the vegetation of the slope can grow, the native vegetation can not be completely killed while being reinforced, and the drainage structure 33 is further arranged on the protection ring, so that water flow blockage caused by insufficient drainage can be avoided in seasons, risk and hidden danger of collapse; the lower part of the ring is deep into the side slope and is rooted in the side slope, a reinforcing effect can be achieved, and equivalently, a plurality of fixing points of the laying structure 1 are arranged, so that the connection stability of the whole laying structure 1 is improved. And through setting up the long-strip shaped steel rope hole 36, when the steel cable passes the steel rope hole 36, can make the guard ring 3 of the invention possess certain ability to adjust the distance up and down, can adapt to different domatic, or can adapt to the roughness of different domatic.
The barrier net structure 2 comprises a fixed supporting column 6, a connecting rope 7, an elastic structure 8 and a barrier net 9, the fixed supporting column 6 is connected with the barrier net 9 through the connecting rope 7 and the elastic structure 8, the barrier net 9 can be a steel wire net or a nylon net, the upper half part of the fixed supporting column 6 is a connecting part, the connecting part is provided with a connecting component 61, the lower half part of the fixed supporting column 6 is a fixing part, the lower end of the fixing part is provided with a pointed cone 62, the fixing part is also provided with an anti-pulling component 63, the fixing part of the fixed supporting column 6 directly extends into the ground for fixing, and the anti-pulling component 63 is utilized to ensure that the fixed supporting column 6 has no influence on the depth of the ground, but the fixed supporting column 6 is difficult to be pulled out, the stability of the fixed supporting column 6 is improved, and the fixed part and the barrier net 9 are reversely fixed through the, thereby further enhancing the connection stability of the fixing support column 6. In practical application, the intercepting net of the nylon net is adopted in the embodiment, so that rigid impact is avoided, and impact absorption and buffering can be performed to a certain degree by adopting the intercepting net of the nylon net.
It should be noted that, as an implementation manner in this embodiment, the above-mentioned ground wall 32 is a grid-like ground wall, the grid-like ground wall is an orthogonal grid-like ground wall, when the ground wall 32 is a ground wall with different forms, to adapt to different slope conditions, when the slope is a break through or a hill with more soil, the grid-like ground wall is directly adopted, so that the ground wall 32 is directly connected with the slope in a contact manner, vegetation with strong water absorption and good grip can be directly planted, and water and soil loss can be prevented; the related plants are planted on the ground wall, one plant can utilize vegetation to stabilize the slope to a certain degree, the other plant can also increase greening, and even can increase modeling (the position of the protective ring is properly adjusted), so that the appearance is improved.
In an implementation manner of this embodiment, the drainage structure 33 is a drainage groove, the drainage groove is disposed on the upper half-ring wall 31 in a surrounding manner, the upper half-ring wall 31 and the lower half-ring wall 34 are integrally formed, and the drainage structure 33 is a drainage groove, so that when the protection ring is tightly connected, a drainage channel can be reserved for rainwater to drain water timely in a season, so that rainwater blockage is avoided, potential safety hazards caused to a slope are avoided, and the service life of the structure is prolonged.
In an embodiment as one embodiment of this embodiment, the number of the steel rope holes 36 is 2 to 8, the steel rope holes 36 are symmetrically arranged on the lower semi-ring wall 34, the steel rope holes 36 are arranged on the protection ring 3 in pairs (because both horizontal and vertical are arranged), the horizontal steel rope 5 and the vertical steel rope 4 need to pass through the arrangement, so the number of the steel rope holes is at least 2, preferably not more than 8, at this time, 4 steel rope holes are already arranged in one direction, if the steel rope holes are arranged more than two, an adverse effect can be achieved, the strength of the protection ring 3 itself can be affected, the arrangement of the protection ring 3 is reduced, and the burden is not paid, in this embodiment, the number of the steel rope holes is 4, the number of the steel rope holes is two, the number of the vertical steel rope holes is two, the strength of the protection ring 3 is not.
In one embodiment of the present embodiment, the connecting members 61 are arranged in order from the connecting portion to the bottom, and the number of the connecting members 61 in the present embodiment is 4. The number of the groups of the connecting members 61 can be set according to actual conditions, wherein one group of the connecting members 61 is connected with the elastic structure 8, the elastic structure 8 is connected with the intercepting net 9, the other three groups are arranged in the reverse direction of the group and are fixed one by one, the connecting ropes 7 are reversely fixed, the fixing support rods are fixed on the ground by the fastening members, the fixing support rods are tensioned in the reverse direction, and the impact force applied to the fixing support rods is improved.
In an embodiment of this embodiment, the connecting member 61 is a hook ring, the connecting rope 7 is connected to the hook ring, and the other end of the connecting rope 7 is fixed to the ground through a fixing member, that is, the connecting rope is fixedly disposed on the ground through a fastening member, and reverse tension is provided for the fixing support column 6 in a reverse direction, so as to improve the shock resistance of the fixing support column 6.
In one embodiment of this embodiment, the elastic structure 8 includes a hollow cylinder 81, a plurality of sets of spring assemblies 82 are disposed in the hollow cylinder 8, and a limit plate 83 is disposed between the spring assemblies 82. The limiting plate 83 is arranged to prevent the spring from being excessively deformed and incapable of being recovered, so the setting distance of the limiting plate 83 is generally the maximum deformation distance of the spring, the maximum impact force can be borne by the maximum utilization of the spring, and the impact force of the intercepting net 9 can be buffered through an elastic structure to absorb the energy.
In one embodiment of this embodiment, the spring assembly 82 includes a spring 821 and a baffle 822, one end of the spring 821 is connected to the connection cord 7, the other end of the spring 821 is connected to the baffle 822, the other end of the baffle 822 is connected to the connection cord 7 of the next stage, and the connection cord 7 of the next stage is connected to the spring 821 in the next spring assembly 82 after penetrating through the limiting plate 83. In the use, when taking place to strike, connect rope 7 can stimulate baffle 822, baffle 822 antedisplacement, drive the tensile deformation of spring 821, when reaching maximum deformation, baffle 822 can contact limiting plate 83 (if rearmost spring unit 82, then baffle 822 can contact hollow section of thick bamboo 81 inner wall), prevent that spring 821 from taking place excessive deformation and leading to unable recovery, in the in-service use, adjustable limiting plate 83's distance that sets up, be used for guaranteeing, after last spring unit 82 reachd maximum deformation volume, next spring unit 82 has not reached maximum deformation volume yet, analogize in proper order, guarantee that each group spring unit 82 can both make full use of.
In one embodiment of the present embodiment, the number of the spring assemblies 82 is 2. The present invention may be applied to a practical application by setting the present invention according to actual conditions and adapting to most of impacts.
In an embodiment of this embodiment, the anti-pulling member 63 is sequentially disposed on the fixing portion from top to bottom, the anti-pulling member 63 is a bowl-shaped structure and disposed on the fixing portion in a surrounding manner, where the anti-pulling member 63 is a bowl-shaped structure, and is a half cone-shaped body, and is disposed in a hollow manner, and has substantially no influence on the forward ground entering, but if the anti-pulling member is to be pulled out in a reverse direction, the difficulty is large, the bowl-shaped anti-pulling member 63 provides a considerable reaction force, so as to avoid easy pulling out, and improve the fixing effect thereof, and due to the presence of the anti-pulling member 63, the difficulty in lateral movement of the fixing support column can be increased, and on the other hand, the connection stability of the fixing support column 6 is increased.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 3-9, the present embodiment is the same as the technical solution of embodiment 1, and the distinguishing technical features are that the ground wall 32 is a mesh-shaped ground wall, if there are more gravels or hilly and rocky slopes and there is less soil, the mesh-shaped ground wall needs to be arranged, and the plants are planted on the ground wall 32, so that the loss of planting soil can be prevented, and the excess water can enter the gravel slope, and when there is no water, the moisture on the gravel slope can be absorbed to a certain extent through the mesh, so as to stabilize the slope by using vegetation on one side, and on the other side, afforestation can be increased, and even the shape can be increased (by properly adjusting the position of the protection ring 3), so as to enhance the appearance and enhance the aesthetic feeling.
The working implementation principle of the invention is as follows: firstly, the protective rings are selectively arranged and distributed, after being selected, the protective rings penetrate through the transverse steel ropes and the vertical steel ropes, then the protective rings are fixed into the side slope, and the transverse steel ropes and the vertical steel ropes are fixed at proper positions of the edge of the side slope to be tensioned and fixed. Then, selecting a proper ground wall in the protective ring according to the actual condition of the side slope to plant related vegetation, preventing water and soil loss and fixing the side slope, and finishing the arrangement of the laying structure; then the blocking net structure is arranged at the lower part of the side slope, and the two ends of the blocking net structure are fixed by using the fixed support rods. In a rainwater season, the rainwater on the side slope is more and can possibly drive the side slope to fall off, the transverse steel rope and the vertical steel rope are fixed by the protective ring, the side slope is prevented from collapsing, and the blocked rainwater is timely discharged by the drainage structure. When meetting the great collapse of nonresistant mud-rock flow or other, the side slope will collapse to the bottom, utilize the block structure to intercept, avoid flooding the road, cause economic loss and casualties, at this moment, when meetting great impact, the ni nong net intercepts, absorb partial energy and can not break, and fixed stay post reason worker holding power, elastic construction cushions the energy-absorbing, the three group's of the fixed stay post other end connect the rope this moment, reverse take-up carries out, it is stable to support fixed stay post, keep stronger holding power, can absorb great impact, impact resistance is high.
The invention adopts a laying structure and a blocking net structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a horizontal steel rope, the blocking net structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and a blocking net, the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope in the laying structure penetrate through the protective ring, then the protective ring is fixed on a slope surface, the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope at two ends are fixed on the peripheral edge of a side slope by tensioning, then the fixed support column is connected with the blocking net by the connecting rope and the elastic structure, the upper half part of the fixed support column is a connecting part, a connecting component is arranged on the connecting part, the lower half part of the fixed support column is a fixed part, the lower end of the fixed part is provided with a pointed cone, the fixed part of the fixed support column is also provided with an anti-pulling component, the fixed part of the fixed support column directly goes deep into the ground for fixing, and the, the stability of fixed stay post is improved to still through the connecting elements who sets up, through connecting the rope, set up the direction reversal fixed with the interception net, thereby further strengthen the connection stability of fixed stay post. Double protection, wide coverage, and firm fixation, thus having good protection effect. The invention also arranges a laying structure and a blocking net structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a transverse steel rope, and the blocking net structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and an intercepting net; the protective ring is of a circular structure, can enhance the fixing effect after being connected through the vertical steel rope and the horizontal steel rope, is provided with a drainage structure, avoids rainwater blockage, can buffer the impact of rainwater to a certain extent, and has certain impact resistance; and the barrier net structure passes through the fixed stay post and connects rope and elastic construction connection barrier net, utilizes the connection rope and the elastic construction of barrier net, can realize the energy buffering and the absorption of great impact, including the landing of grit, the collapse etc. of soil, and shock resistance is strong. The invention also arranges a laying structure and a blocking structure, wherein the laying structure comprises a protective ring, a vertical steel rope and a horizontal steel rope, the blocking structure comprises a fixed support column, a connecting rope, an elastic structure and an intercepting net, which are all simple mechanical mechanisms, the manufacturing cost is low, the integral principle structure is very simple, the invention is very easy to understand, and the implementation basically has no technical difficulty and obstruction. The novel LED lamp tube has the advantages that no electric component and equipment thereof, or complicated large mechanical equipment or mechanical structure exists, so that the novel LED lamp tube is simple in structure, easy to understand the principle, low in manufacturing cost, basically free of difficulty in implementation and promising in popularization prospect. The protective ring comprises an upper ring part and a lower ring part, the upper ring part comprises an upper semi-ring wall and a ground wall arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall is a permeable ground wall, and a drainage structure is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall; the lower part of the ring comprises a lower semi-ring wall and a fixed connection structure, the lower semi-ring wall is provided with a plurality of steel rope holes, the steel rope holes are arranged in a strip shape, the vertical steel ropes and the horizontal steel ropes penetrate through the steel rope holes, and the fixed connection structure and the lower semi-ring wall are integrally formed; the upper part of the ring can be planted with plants and trees according to actual conditions, so that water and soil loss can be prevented, the slope of geotechnical engineering can be beautified, the aesthetic property of the slope is improved, the slope can be more stably fixed on the circular structure of the protection ring, the circular structure is not similar to a square structure, the protection ring is connected in rows and rows, namely, the part shielded by the square structure can not grow the vegetation per se, the square structures are tightly connected with each other, in heavy rain, rainwater is easy to accumulate, and the hidden danger of collapse can be increased, but the circular structure of the protection ring is adopted, under the condition of not reducing the connection strength of each other, a space is still formed under the connection, the vegetation of the slope can grow, the native vegetation can not be completely killed while the protection ring is reinforced, and the protection ring is also provided with a drainage structure, so that water flow blockage caused by insufficient drainage can be avoided in the season, risk and hidden danger of collapse; the lower part of the ring is deep into the side slope and is rooted in the side slope, and the reinforcing effect can be achieved, namely, a plurality of fixing points of the laying structure are arranged. Therefore, the protective ring is arranged, so that the connection strength and the stability can be improved, plants with strong water absorption and good ground gripping force can be planted for beautifying, the existing cement is prevented from being directly and integrally paved, the protective ring can be used for designing and manufacturing different attractive fixed shapes, and the slope surface can be fixed and the appearance can be attractive; the invention has good protection effect, strong impact resistance, simple structure principle, better practicability and good popularization prospect; therefore, the invention has the characteristics of beauty and practicability. In conclusion, the geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure has the advantages of good protection effect, strong impact resistance, simple structural principle, attractiveness and practicability, has good popularization prospect, and is suitable for being used in the field of geotechnical engineering.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes will occur to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A geotechnical engineering slope protection reinforcing structure is characterized by comprising a laying structure and a blocking net structure which are arranged in a matching mode;
the laying structure comprises a protection ring, a vertical steel rope and a transverse steel rope, the protection ring comprises a ring upper part and a ring lower part, the ring upper part comprises an upper semi-ring wall and a ground wall arranged at the bottom of the upper semi-ring wall, the ground wall is a permeable ground wall, and a drainage structure is arranged on the upper semi-ring wall; the lower part of the ring comprises a lower semi-ring wall and a fixed connection structure, the lower semi-ring wall is provided with a plurality of steel rope holes, the steel rope holes are arranged in a strip shape, the vertical steel ropes and the horizontal steel ropes penetrate through the steel rope holes, and the fixed connection structure and the lower semi-ring wall are integrally formed;
the block structure includes fixed stay post, connection rope, elastic construction and intercepting net, the fixed stay post is through connecting rope and elastic construction connection intercepting net, first one of fixed stay post is connecting portion, be provided with connecting elements on the connecting portion, the lower half of fixed stay post is the fixed part, the fixed part lower extreme is provided with the pointed cone, still be provided with on the fixed part and prevent drawing the component.
2. The geotechnical slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 1, wherein the ground wall is a grid-shaped ground wall or a mesh-shaped ground wall, the grid-shaped ground wall is an orthogonal grid-shaped ground wall, the mesh-shaped ground wall comprises a bottom plate and mesh holes, the mesh holes are uniformly distributed on the bottom plate, and the bottom plate and the upper semi-ring wall are integrally formed.
3. The geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 1, wherein the drainage structure is a drainage groove, the drainage groove is circumferentially arranged on the upper semi-ring wall, and the upper semi-ring wall and the lower semi-ring wall are integrally formed.
4. The geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 1, wherein the number of the steel rope holes is 2-8, and the steel rope holes are symmetrically arranged on the lower semi-ring wall.
5. The geotechnical engineering slope protecting and reinforcing structure according to claim 1, wherein the connecting members are arranged from top to bottom in sequence from the connecting portion, and the number of the connecting members is 3-6.
6. The geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 5, wherein the connecting member is a hook ring, the hook ring is connected with a connecting rope, and the other end of the connecting rope is fixed on the ground through a fixing member.
7. The geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 1, wherein the elastic structure comprises a hollow cylinder, a plurality of groups of spring assemblies are arranged in the hollow cylinder, and a limiting plate is arranged between the spring assemblies.
8. The geotechnical engineering slope protection and reinforcement structure according to claim 7, wherein the spring assembly comprises a spring and a baffle, one end of the spring is connected with the connecting rope, the other end of the spring is connected with the baffle, the other end of the baffle is connected with the connecting rope at the next section, and the connecting rope at the next section penetrates through the limiting plate and then is connected with the spring in the next spring assembly.
9. The geotechnical slope protecting and reinforcing structure according to claim 7, wherein the number of the spring assemblies is 2-6.
10. The geotechnical engineering slope protective reinforcement structure according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein the pull-preventing members are sequentially arranged on the fixing portion from top to bottom, and the pull-preventing members are bowl-shaped structures and are circumferentially arranged on the fixing portion.
CN201911360996.6A 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure Pending CN110984195A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911360996.6A CN110984195A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911360996.6A CN110984195A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure

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CN110984195A true CN110984195A (en) 2020-04-10

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201258489Y (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-06-17 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 Blind drainage arch beam for reinforcing slope
CN202787278U (en) * 2012-08-06 2013-03-13 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Side slope greening and drainage structure
CN203145026U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-08-21 黑龙江工程学院 Slope protection net with high anti-rust performance
CN204825784U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 申新山 Slope ecological protection system
CN204849689U (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-09 柳奕龙 Mix hydraulic engineering slope net
CN106638634A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-10 杭州江润科技有限公司 Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201258489Y (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-06-17 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 Blind drainage arch beam for reinforcing slope
CN202787278U (en) * 2012-08-06 2013-03-13 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Side slope greening and drainage structure
CN203145026U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-08-21 黑龙江工程学院 Slope protection net with high anti-rust performance
CN204825784U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 申新山 Slope ecological protection system
CN204849689U (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-09 柳奕龙 Mix hydraulic engineering slope net
CN106638634A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-10 杭州江润科技有限公司 Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method

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