CN110984046A - Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle - Google Patents

Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110984046A
CN110984046A CN201911181499.XA CN201911181499A CN110984046A CN 110984046 A CN110984046 A CN 110984046A CN 201911181499 A CN201911181499 A CN 201911181499A CN 110984046 A CN110984046 A CN 110984046A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sewage
chassis
brush
water
tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911181499.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
艾和金
杨金树
宫超
王家梅
曾德威
陈亚辉
方文粲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Airuite New Energy Special Purpose Vehicle Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Airuite New Energy Special Purpose Vehicle Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Airuite New Energy Special Purpose Vehicle Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Airuite New Energy Special Purpose Vehicle Co ltd
Priority to CN201911181499.XA priority Critical patent/CN110984046A/en
Publication of CN110984046A publication Critical patent/CN110984046A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers
    • E01H1/103Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers in which the soiled loosening or washing liquid is removed, e.g. by suction

Abstract

The invention provides a pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle which comprises a chassis, a sweeping system, a spraying system, a power system, a dirt storage system, an electric control system and a cab, wherein the sweeping system is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the chassis, the spraying system is arranged behind the sweeping system, the power system is arranged on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis, the dirt storage system is arranged on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis, the electric control system is arranged in the cab, the cab is arranged on the front portion of the upper end of the chassis, the sweeping system comprises a front side brush, a rear side brush, a main brush, a conveying belt and a main brush box body, the front side brush is arranged on the front portion of the lower end of the chassis, the rear side brush is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the chassis, the main brush is arranged on the rear side of the rear side brush, and the main. The cleaning efficiency of the road surface is improved, the subsequent garbage disposal is convenient, and the operation is more convenient.

Description

Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of new energy vehicles, in particular to a pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle.
Background
In the field of urban cleaning, sweeping by using a sweeper is a very common cleaning mode, but the existing sweeper generally only has the function of sweeping garbage on a road and then collecting the garbage in a garbage can, but as the urban road is complex and changeable, asphalt roads, urban sidewalks, non-motor vehicle lanes, spreading point oil-contaminated road surfaces and urban square road surfaces are swept and cleaned, and the sweeping, cleaned garbage and sewage recovery work are completed by a cleaner, a common sweeper cannot be completed, while a large-scale sweeper is used for cleaning the road surfaces in a mode that a spray rod and a nozzle are used for washing the road surfaces, the road surfaces are washed once when the sweeper runs forwards along with a vehicle, and strong stains attached to the road surfaces cannot be cleaned; the washing and sweeping vehicle has no special water scraping rake, so that the sewage recovery on the road surface is poor, and the accumulated water on the road surface is more; most of large-scale washing and sweeping vehicles are fuel oil vehicles, so that the environmental pollution is large and the fuel oil consumption cost is large. The indoor floor washing machine is usually used for washing the ground by adding water into a disc brush, the outdoor road surface is complex and uneven, and the disc brush is applied to the road surface which is too fast to be consumed and uneven and cannot be washed. Therefore, it is important to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide the pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle, wherein a road is swept by the sweeping system, the road surface is sprinkled by the spraying system, the sweeping efficiency of the road surface is improved, and solid garbage and sewage are respectively collected and stored by the sewage storage system, so that the subsequent garbage treatment is facilitated.
The invention provides a pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle which comprises a chassis, a sweeping system, a spraying system, a power system, a dirt storage system, an electric control system and a cab, wherein the sweeping system is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the chassis, the spraying system is arranged behind the sweeping system, the power system is arranged on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis, the dirt storage system is arranged on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis, the electric control system is arranged in the cab, the cab is arranged on the front portion of the upper end of the chassis, the sweeping system comprises a front side brush, a rear side brush, a main brush, a conveying belt and a main brush box body, the front side brush is arranged on the front portion of the lower end of the chassis, the rear side brush is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the chassis, the main brush is arranged on the rear side of the rear side brush, and the main.
The further improvement lies in that: the spraying system comprises a clean water tank, a small water pump, a high-pressure water pump, a water scraping rake, a pipe coiling device and a rubber hose, wherein the clean water tank is arranged in the middle of the upper end of a chassis, the small water pump is arranged beside a conveying belt, the high-pressure water pump is arranged beside the clean water tank, the water scraping rake is arranged at the tail part of the lower end of the chassis, the pipe coiling device is arranged at the top of a sewage storage system, and the rubber hose is arranged between the water scraping rake and the sewage storage system.
The further improvement lies in that: store up dirty system and include dustbin, sewage case, soil pick-up pipe, suction fan and check valve, the dustbin sets up on the base, the sewage case sets up in the dustbin upper end, the soil pick-up pipe through rubber hose with scrape the water rake and link to each other, the suction fan sets up the top at the sewage case, the check valve sets up between suction fan and sewage case.
The further improvement lies in that: the sewage storage system further comprises a sewage tank door, a garbage tank door and a sewage tank door oil cylinder, wherein the sewage tank door is arranged on the sewage tank, the garbage tank door is arranged on the side face of the garbage tank, and the sewage tank door oil cylinder is arranged on the sewage tank door and drives the sewage tank door to be opened and closed in a telescopic mode through the sewage tank door oil cylinder.
Starting the cleaning vehicle, starting the cleaning system, starting the front side brush and the rear side brush to work, stripping the floor stains from the floor, collecting the stripped floor stains and the garbage on two sides to the front of the main brush, and sending the garbage into a garbage bin in the garbage storage system by a main brush box body formed by matching the main brush with the conveying belt. The other path is that after being pressurized by a high-pressure water pump, the other path impacts the ground at a high speed through high-pressure nozzles at the rear side and the rear side, the cleaned road surface is flushed for one time, so that residual dust on the original road surface is flushed out, sewage after the ground is washed along with the movement of a vehicle is concentrated at the position of the water scraping rake, meanwhile, a water suction fan starts to work to pump the interior of a sewage tank in the sewage storage system into negative pressure, the sewage tank is connected with the middle of the water scraping rake through a sewage suction pipe, and the sewage concentrated at the position of the water scraping rake is sucked into the sewage tank, so that the ground is clean, and the road is natural.
The pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle is started, the pipe coiling device in the spraying system is connected with the high-pressure washing gun to wash sidewalks on two sides of the road and the green road, and garbage such as dust leaves above the pipe coiling device is washed to the vehicle bottom and is collected, and most of obstacles can be crossed due to the position relation of the pipe coiling device, so that the operation is more convenient. Meanwhile, the cleaning devices are arranged in the dustbin, the sewage tank and the main brush box, and the inside of the dustbin, the sewage tank and the main brush box can be washed after work is finished, so that time and labor are saved.
The use method of the whole vehicle comprises the following steps: a: starting the washing and sweeping vehicle, and brushing and rolling the floor garbage to sweep the floor garbage into the garbage can; b: the high-pressure water washing work is carried out, and sewage after the ground is washed along with the movement of the vehicle can be concentrated at the position of the water scraping rake; c: sewage is intensively fed into the sewage tank through the sewage suction pipe in the water scraping rake.
The working principle of the sewage tank is as follows: thereby six internal fans of fan that absorb water rotate outwards exhaust for thereby the atmospheric pressure of sewage incasement reduces and produces suction, and the sewage case is the totally enclosed formula structure, and when the sewage chamber door closed, with external continuous just only sewage suction pipe, and sewage suction pipe divide into sewage suction pipe and lower sewage suction pipe again, both close laminating and under rubber hose's connection, make the export of sewage case and external intercommunication scrape water department, will retrieve subaerial sewage like this. The garbage can be lifted and turned over when dumping garbage, so that the sewage suction pipe is divided into an upper part and a lower part. Meanwhile, in order to ensure the tightness of the combination, rubber is pasted on the two end faces so as to avoid the air leakage phenomenon caused by the untight relation of the pasting. Meanwhile, unnecessary loss caused by iron-to-iron friction is avoided. Thereby in order to reduce the use of rubber and reduce use cost and avoid the regulation to sewage suction pipe length down, also increased a pressure spring simultaneously and solved the problem, utilize the elasticity of pressure spring, make sewage suction pipe and the laminating of last sewage suction pipe down. And the influence of welding errors on the sealing performance can be avoided. When the sewage reaches a certain amount, the opening of the sewage box door is controlled by the sewage box door oil cylinder to discharge the sewage, and meanwhile, the flushing device in the sewage box starts to work to spray high-pressure water to flush sewage residues in the sewage box body and discharge the sewage together with the sewage. Note that: if the water absorption fan does not work at any time during working, the check valve can automatically seal the air outlet and the other water absorption fans work normally, and the overall function is not influenced.
The working principle of the front side brush is as follows: the small water pump works to make the atomizing nozzle fixed on the front brush spray atomized water drops, so as to play a role of dust fall. The lifting of the thrust rod fixed on the chassis drives the wire drawing to enable the front side brush to move inwards, and meanwhile, the nitrogen gas spring is added to enable the thrust rod to have an outward thrust when the thrust rod extends, so that the combined use realizes the left-right movement of the front side brush. The lifting of the thrust rod on the front side brush fixing support drives the front side brush to lift so as to avoid the contact of the front side brush and the ground under the condition of no work and reduce unnecessary loss of the side brush.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: clean the road through cleaning system, and sprinkle by spraying system to the road surface, improve the efficiency of cleaning on road surface, and collect solid waste and sewage respectively through storing up dirty system and deposit, the follow-up processing rubbish of being convenient for, and can wash road both sides pavement, afforestation way, wash rubbish such as dust leaf of its top to the vehicle bottom, thereby be collected, most barrier can be crossed because reelpipe ware position relation simultaneously, thereby make the operation more convenient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a bottom view of the structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the sewage storage system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the sweeping system of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-chassis, 2-cleaning system, 3-spraying system, 4-power system, 5-sewage storage system, 6-electric control system, 7-cab, 21-front side brush, 22-rear side brush, 23-main brush, 24-conveying belt, 25-main brush box body, 31-clear water box, 32-small water pump, 33-high pressure water pump, 34-water scraping rake, 35-pipe rolling device, 36-rubber hose, 51-garbage box, 52-sewage box, 53-sewage suction pipe, 54-water suction fan, 55-check valve, 56-sewage box door, 57-garbage box door, and 58-sewage box door oil cylinder.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of enhancing understanding of the present invention, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the following examples, which are provided for illustration only and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the present embodiment provides a pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle, which includes a chassis 1, a sweeping system 2, a spraying system 3, a power system 4, a dirt storage system 5, an electric control system 6 and a cab 7, wherein the sweeping system 2 is disposed in the middle of the lower end of the chassis 1, the spraying system 3 is disposed behind the sweeping system 2, the power system 4 is disposed on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis 1, the dirt storage system 5 is disposed on the rear side of the upper end of the chassis 1, the electric control system 6 is disposed in the cab 7, the cab 7 is disposed in the front of the upper end of the chassis 1, the sweeping system 2 includes a front brush 21, a rear brush 22, a main brush 23, a conveyor belt 24 and a main brush box 25, the front brush 21 is disposed in the front of the lower end of the chassis 1, the rear brush 22 is disposed in the middle of the lower end of the chassis 1, the main brush 23, the main brush 23 and the conveyer belt 24 cooperate to form a 25 main brush box body which sends the garbage into a 5 sewage storage system. Spraying system 3 includes clear water tank 31, little water pump 32, high-pressure water pump 33, scrapes water harrow 34, reelpipe ware 35 and rubber hose 36, clear water tank 31 sets up the upper end middle part on chassis 1, little water pump 32 sets up by conveyer belt 24, high-pressure water pump 33 sets up by clear water tank 31, scrape water harrow 34 and set up at 1 lower extreme afterbody on chassis, reelpipe ware 35 sets up at the 5 tops of storing up dirty system, rubber hose 36 sets up and scrapes water harrow 34 and store up between dirty system 5. The sewage storage system 5 comprises a garbage can 51, a sewage tank 52, a sewage suction pipe 53, a water absorption fan 54 and a check valve 55, wherein the garbage can 51 is arranged on the base 1, the sewage tank 52 is arranged at the upper end of the garbage can 51, the sewage suction pipe 53 is connected with the water scraping rake 34 through a rubber hose 36, the water absorption fan 54 is arranged at the top of the sewage tank 52, and the check valve 55 is arranged between the water absorption fan 54 and the sewage tank 52. The sewage storage system 5 further comprises a sewage tank door 56, a garbage tank door 57 and a sewage tank door oil cylinder 58, wherein the sewage tank door 56 is arranged on the sewage tank 52, the garbage tank door 57 is arranged on the side surface of the garbage tank 51, the sewage tank door oil cylinder 58 is arranged on the sewage tank door 56, and the sewage tank door 56 is driven to be opened and closed through the expansion and contraction of the sewage tank door oil cylinder 58. Clean the road through cleaning system, and sprinkle by spraying system to the road surface, improve the efficiency of cleaning on road surface, and collect solid waste and sewage respectively through storing up dirty system and deposit, the follow-up processing rubbish of being convenient for, and can wash road both sides pavement, afforestation way, wash rubbish such as dust leaf of its top to the vehicle bottom, thereby be collected, most barrier can be crossed because reelpipe ware position relation simultaneously, thereby make the operation more convenient.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle, includes chassis (1), clean system (2), spraying system (3), driving system (4), stores up dirty system (5), electrical system (6) and driver's cabin (7), clean system (2) set up the lower extreme middle part in chassis (1), spraying system (3) set up at clean system (2) rear, driving system (4) set up the upper end rear side in chassis (1), store up dirty system (5) and set up the upper end rear side in chassis (1), electrical system (6) set up in driver's cabin (7), and driver's cabin (7) set up anterior in chassis (1) upper end, its characterized in that: the sweeping system (2) comprises a front side brush (21), a rear side brush (22), a main brush (23), a conveying belt (24) and a main brush box body (25), wherein the front side brush (21) is arranged at the front part of the lower end of the chassis (1), the rear side brush (22) is arranged in the middle of the lower end of the chassis (1), the main brush (23) is arranged at the rear side of the rear side brush (22), and the main brush box body (25) formed by matching the main brush (23) and the conveying belt (24) conveys garbage into the sewage storage system (5).
2. The electric road sweeper of claim 1, wherein: spray system (3) include clear water tank (31), little water pump (32), high pressure water pump (33), scrape water harrow (34), reelpipe ware (35) and rubber hose (36), clear water tank (31) set up the upper end middle part in chassis (1), little water pump (32) set up by conveyer belt (24), high pressure water pump (33) set up by clear water tank (31), it sets up at chassis (1) lower extreme afterbody to scrape water harrow (34), reelpipe ware (35) set up at storing up dirty system (5) top, rubber hose (36) set up and scrape water harrow (34) and store up between dirty system (5).
3. The electric road sweeper of claim 1, wherein: store up dirty system (5) and include dustbin (51), sewage case (52), sewage suction pipe (53), absorb water fan (54) and check valve (55), dustbin (51) set up on base (1), sewage case (52) set up in dustbin (51) upper end, sewage suction pipe (53) link to each other through rubber hose (36) and scrape water rake (34), it sets up the top at sewage case (52) to absorb water fan (54), check valve (55) set up between fan (54) and sewage case (52) absorb water.
4. The electric road sweeper of claim 3, wherein: the sewage storage system (5) further comprises a sewage tank door (56), a garbage tank door (57) and a sewage tank door oil cylinder (58), wherein the sewage tank door (56) is arranged on the sewage tank (52), the garbage tank door (57) is arranged on the side face of the garbage tank (51), the sewage tank door oil cylinder (58) is arranged on the sewage tank door (56), and the sewage tank door (56) is driven to be opened and closed through the expansion of the sewage tank door oil cylinder (58).
CN201911181499.XA 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle Pending CN110984046A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911181499.XA CN110984046A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911181499.XA CN110984046A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110984046A true CN110984046A (en) 2020-04-10

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ID=70087287

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911181499.XA Pending CN110984046A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Pure electric road washing and sweeping vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110984046A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5940919A (en) * 1997-10-29 1999-08-24 Vanderlinden; Roger P. Drag shoe for use in a street sweeping vehicle
CN202064313U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-12-07 湖北楚胜专用汽车有限公司 Multifunctional environment-friendly energy-saving all-weather road surface motor sweeper
CN105525583A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-04-27 中路联科技有限公司 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeping vehicle, road sweeping vehicle and road sweeping method
CN107724307A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-02-23 江苏品德环保科技有限公司 Energy-conservation sweeper based on baffle plate skirt edge type conveyer belt waste transport technology
WO2018142183A1 (en) * 2017-01-31 2018-08-09 Vestergaard Company A/S System, unit and method for recovering deicing liquids from airport apron surfaces
CN108978565A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-12-11 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Compact-sized scavenging machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5940919A (en) * 1997-10-29 1999-08-24 Vanderlinden; Roger P. Drag shoe for use in a street sweeping vehicle
CN202064313U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-12-07 湖北楚胜专用汽车有限公司 Multifunctional environment-friendly energy-saving all-weather road surface motor sweeper
CN105525583A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-04-27 中路联科技有限公司 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeping vehicle, road sweeping vehicle and road sweeping method
WO2018142183A1 (en) * 2017-01-31 2018-08-09 Vestergaard Company A/S System, unit and method for recovering deicing liquids from airport apron surfaces
CN107724307A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-02-23 江苏品德环保科技有限公司 Energy-conservation sweeper based on baffle plate skirt edge type conveyer belt waste transport technology
CN108978565A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-12-11 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Compact-sized scavenging machine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
中国汽车技术研究中心标准化研究所: "《汽车标准汇编 2006 (上册)》", 31 December 2006, 中国标准出版社 *

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