CN110973101A - Automatic spraying device - Google Patents

Automatic spraying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110973101A
CN110973101A CN201911326330.9A CN201911326330A CN110973101A CN 110973101 A CN110973101 A CN 110973101A CN 201911326330 A CN201911326330 A CN 201911326330A CN 110973101 A CN110973101 A CN 110973101A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
platform
automatic spraying
guide rail
spraying device
spraying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911326330.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周志近
李洪昌
姜泽
苏佳榕
杨哲
张清皓
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing College of Information Technology
Original Assignee
Nanjing College of Information Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing College of Information Technology filed Critical Nanjing College of Information Technology
Priority to CN201911326330.9A priority Critical patent/CN110973101A/en
Publication of CN110973101A publication Critical patent/CN110973101A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/005Special arrangements or adaptations of the spraying or distributing parts, e.g. adaptations or mounting of the spray booms, mounting of the nozzles, protection shields
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0082Undercarriages, frames, mountings, couplings, tanks

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic spraying device, in particular to the technical field of spraying devices, which comprises a rail and an automatic spraying mechanism, wherein the rail is arranged on a field, the automatic spraying mechanism comprises a platform, two wheels are arranged at the bottom of the platform, the wheels are arranged on the rail in a sliding manner, a battery, a power mechanism, a hollow support and a pump are arranged on the platform, the pump is connected with a water hose, one end of the water hose is communicated with the hollow support, the battery provides electric energy for the power mechanism and the pump, the power mechanism is used for pushing the platform to move on the rail, a spraying rod is arranged at the top end of the hollow support, a plurality of nozzles are arranged at two ends of the spraying rod, and. The invention can realize automatic spraying along a set route without manual operation, greatly reduces labor intensity, and is far away from dangerous goods (spraying pesticides) in the spraying process, thereby effectively protecting the life safety of people.

Description

Automatic spraying device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of spraying devices, and particularly relates to an automatic spraying device.
Background
The crops in the farmland need to be controlled insects every time a certain solar term is reached, the pesticides need to be sprayed very frequently, and meanwhile, the crops also need to be sprayed with water frequently and the like to ensure that the crops can survive. However, in the prior art, spraying of pesticide or water to crops is achieved manually, which is inefficient and causes harm to human body (spraying of pesticide).
Therefore, there is an urgent need for an automatic spraying device that can solve the existing problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic spraying device which can realize automatic spraying along a set route without manual operation of people, greatly reduces the labor intensity, and is far away from dangerous goods (spraying pesticides) in the spraying process, thereby effectively protecting the life safety of people.
The invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an automatic spraying device, includes track and automatic spraying mechanism, the rail arrangement is on the field, automatic spraying mechanism includes the platform, the bottom of platform is equipped with two wheels, the wheel slides and locates on the track, be equipped with battery, power unit and hollow pillar and pump on the platform, the pump connection has the hose, the one end of hose with the hollow pillar is linked together, the battery does power unit with the pump provides the electric energy, power unit is used for promoting the platform is in move on the track, the top of hollow pillar is equipped with the spray bar, the both ends of spray bar all are equipped with a plurality of nozzles, the hollow pillar the spray bar with the nozzle communicates in proper order. Will be equipped with the bucket of liquid medicine or clear water when using and place on the platform, the hose is put in the bucket, carry liquid medicine or clear water to the nozzle through the effect of pump and spray, power unit drives the platform and walks along track (install in the field in advance), thereby spray pesticide or irrigate for whole field, and need not the people and hands in person, greatly reduced intensity of labour, and spraying the in-process, the hazardous articles has been kept away from (to spraying the pesticide), thereby people's life safety has effectively been protected.
Preferably, the power mechanism comprises a motor, a transmission mechanism and fan blades, the transmission mechanism is used for reducing the rotating speed of the fan blades, the motor is provided with a shaft through the transmission mechanism, one end of the shaft extends out of the platform and is connected with the fan blades, and the air outlet direction of the fan blades is opposite to the advancing direction of the platform. The fan blade is driven to rotate by the motor through the transmission mechanism, the shaft extends out of the platform and is connected with the fan blades, so that the fan blades are located outside one end of the platform, the motor directly drives the fan blades due to high power, the wind speed is overlarge, the speed needs to be reduced, the power provided by the motor cannot be reduced, the speed reduction needs to be achieved through the transmission mechanism, in addition, the platform is connected with the rail through the wheels and is in line contact with the rail, the wheels are arranged in the rail in a sliding mode, the fan blades rotate, and under the action of a reaction force, the platform can move towards the direction opposite to the air outlet direction of the fan blades.
Preferably, drive mechanism includes gear wheel, pinion and connecting axle, the pinion housing is on the axle of motor, the gear wheel with the pinion passes through belt or chain or gear connection, the gear wheel housing is in on the connecting axle, the connecting axle with axle fixed connection. This is a specific drive mechanism that can lower the fan blades.
Preferably, the track includes guide rail and guide rail pillar, the bottom of guide rail is equipped with a plurality of the guide rail pillar, the guide rail pillar is installed in the field, the guide rail is equipped with two guide rail grooves, two the wheel slides respectively and locates two in the guide rail groove.
Preferably, the platform is provided with a through hole through which one end of the flexible water pipe can pass. For some special fields, such as paddy fields, the track can be placed in a ditch between two fields, so that when the water-saving paddy field is irrigated, the water-saving paddy field only needs to penetrate through the through hole and be placed in the ditch, and water can be directly taken from the ditch for irrigation.
Preferably, the nozzle is a nozzle capable of adjusting the size and the spraying direction of the nozzle.
Preferably, the material of the rail is one of plastic, wood, bamboo or metal.
Preferably, the hollow support is located the positive middle of platform department, solar cell panel is installed to the spray rod top, the battery is the battery, solar cell panel with the battery electricity is connected. Solar energy is converted into electric energy through the solar cell panel, and the solar energy is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the automatic spraying mechanism can realize automatic spraying along a set route without manual operation, greatly reduces labor intensity, and keeps away from dangerous goods (for spraying pesticides) in the spraying process, thereby effectively protecting the life safety of people.
2. The structural design is simple and easy to adjust and maintain.
3. The solar cell panel converts solar energy into electric energy, and is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the transmission mechanism.
Wherein the figures are labeled: 1. a guide rail pillar; 2. a guide rail; 3. a guide rail groove; 4. a platform; 5. a wheel; 6, a pump; 7. a through hole; 8. a box body; 81. a pinion gear; 82. a bull gear; 83. a chain; 84. a connecting shaft; 9. a shaft; 10. a fan blade; 11. a flexible water pipe; 12. a storage battery; 13. a hollow pillar; 14. a nozzle; 15. a spray bar; 16. a solar cell panel.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-3, an automatic spraying device comprises a track and an automatic spraying mechanism, wherein the track comprises a guide rail 2 and a guide rail pillar 1, the guide rail 2 is provided with two guide rail grooves 3, the bottom of the guide rail 2 is provided with a plurality of guide rail pillars 1, the guide rail pillars 1 are installed in a field, the automatic spraying mechanism comprises a platform 4, the bottom of the platform 4 is provided with two wheels 5, the two wheels 5 are respectively arranged in the two guide rail grooves 3 in a sliding manner, and the platform 4 is provided with a battery, a power mechanism, a hollow pillar 13 and a pump 6; the power mechanism comprises a motor, a fan blade 10 and a transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism comprises a large gear 82, a small gear 81 and a connecting shaft 84, the small gear 81 is sleeved on a shaft of the motor, the large gear 82 and the small gear 81 are connected through a belt or a chain 83 or a gear, the large gear 82 is sleeved on the connecting shaft 84, the connecting shaft 84 is fixedly connected with a shaft 9, the motor and the transmission mechanism can be jointly arranged in a box body 8, the motor is positioned at the lower part of the box body 8, and the connecting shaft 84 is arranged at the upper part of the box; alternatively, the motor and a driving plate may be separately mounted on the platform 4, and the driving plate is mounted with the connecting shaft 84. One end of the motor shaft 9 extends out of the platform 4 and is connected with fan blades 10, and the air outlet direction of the fan blades 10 is opposite to the advancing direction of the platform 4; the pump 6 is connected with a soft water pipe 11, one end of the soft water pipe 11 is communicated with a hollow support column 13, the hollow support column 13 is positioned in the middle of the platform 4, a spray rod 15 is arranged at the top end of the hollow support column 13, a solar cell panel 16 is arranged above the spray rod 15, the solar cell panel 16 is electrically connected with a battery, and the battery is a storage battery 12 and provides electric energy for the motor, the pump 6 and the like; both ends of the spray rod 15 are provided with a plurality of nozzles 14, and the hollow support 13, the spray rod 15 and the nozzles 14 are communicated in sequence. Because the power of motor itself is great in this implementation, the motor directly drives fan blade 10, can lead to the wind speed too big, at this moment we just need to drop speed, but the power that the motor provided can not reduce simultaneously, so just need realize slowing down through drive mechanism, in addition, drive mechanism can also make fan blade 10 apart from the certain distance of platform on direction of height (vertical direction), use this device to carry out crops and spray, need not the manual hand of people, greatly reduced intensity of labour, and at the spraying in-process, the hazardous articles (for spraying the pesticide) have been kept away from, thereby people's life safety has effectively been protected.
The nozzle 14 is a nozzle 14 capable of adjusting the size and the spraying direction of the nozzle 14, such as a 155 type stainless steel universal head.
Specifically, the platform 4 is provided with a through hole 7, and one end of the flexible water pipe 11 can pass through the through hole 7. For some special fields, such as paddy fields, the track can be placed in the ditch between two fields, so that when irrigating, the water hose 11 only needs to penetrate through the through hole 7 and be placed in the ditch, and water can be directly taken from the ditch for irrigation.
Specifically, the material of the rail is one of plastic, wood, bamboo or metal.
The concrete connection mode of each structure:
the guide rail 2 is installed on the guide rail support 1 through bolts, the wheel 5 is installed below the platform 4 through bolts, the storage battery 12, the pump 6 and the motor are installed on the platform 4 through bolts, the shaft 9 is connected with the connecting shaft 84 through a shaft, and the fan blades 10 are installed on the shaft 9 through bolts. The hollow support column 13 is installed in the middle of the platform 4 through bolts, the spray rod 15 is installed at the top end of the hollow support column 13 through bolts, the spray nozzle 14 is installed on the spray rod 15 through bolts, and the solar cell panel 16 is installed on the spray rod 15 through bolts.
The use method and the principle are as follows:
when crops in the field need be carried out and spray, a big bucket that is equipped with liquid medicine or water that places on platform 4 places automatic spraying mechanism on guide rail 2, when solar energy received the light energy and converts electric energy or have the electric energy in the accumulator, can provide corresponding electric energy for pump 6, motor etc.. When the motor works, the motor drives the shaft 9 to rotate through the transmission mechanism, so that the fan blades 10 rotate, the shaft 9 extends out of the platform 4 and is connected with the fan blades 10, the fan blades 10 are located outside one end of the platform 4, in addition, the platform 4 is connected with the guide rail 2 through the wheels 5 and is in line contact, the wheels 5 are arranged in the guide rail groove 3 in a sliding mode, the fan blades 10 rotate, under the action of a reaction force, the platform 4 can move forward in the direction opposite to the air outlet direction of the fan blades 10, and the whole automatic spraying mechanism can move along the guide rail 2 (opposite to the air outlet direction of the fan blades 10). Under the effect of pump 6, can send into hollow pillar 13 through the liquid in the bucket that hose 11 placed on the platform 4, because hollow pillar 13 and spray rod 15 are all hollow, and inside links to each other, and at this moment, the liquid of inhaling in from the bucket will enter into spray rod 15 and then by the blowout of nozzle 14 to sprinkle to the crops surface, if liquid is the pesticide then can realize the purpose of controlling the worm, if liquid is the effect that the watering then can be realized for water. In the whole working process, the automatic spraying mechanism runs along the guide rail 2, and electric energy is supplied by solar energy, so that the aim of automatically spraying in an environment-friendly and energy-saving manner is really fulfilled.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic spraying device, a serial communication port, including track and automatic spraying mechanism, the rail arrangement is on the field, automatic spraying mechanism includes the platform, the bottom of platform is equipped with two wheels, the wheel slides and locates on the track, be equipped with battery, power unit and hollow pillar and pump on the platform, the pump connection has the hose, the one end of hose with the hollow pillar is linked together, the battery does power unit with the pump provides the electric energy, power unit is used for promoting the platform is in move on the track, the top of hollow pillar is equipped with the spray rod, the both ends of spray rod all are equipped with a plurality of nozzles, the hollow pillar the spray rod with the nozzle communicates in proper order.
2. The automatic spraying device of claim 1, wherein the power mechanism comprises a motor, a transmission mechanism and fan blades, the transmission mechanism is used for reducing the rotating speed of the fan blades, the motor is provided with a shaft through the transmission mechanism, one end of the shaft extends out of the platform and is connected with the fan blades, and the air outlet direction of the fan blades is opposite to the advancing direction of the platform.
3. The automatic spraying device of claim 2, wherein the transmission mechanism comprises a large gear, a small gear and a connecting shaft, the small gear is sleeved on the shaft of the motor, the large gear and the small gear are connected through a belt or a chain or a gear, the large gear is sleeved on the connecting shaft, and the connecting shaft is fixedly connected with the shaft.
4. The automatic spraying device of claim 1, wherein the track comprises a guide rail and a guide rail support, the guide rail is provided with a plurality of guide rail supports at the bottom thereof, the guide rail support is installed in the field, the guide rail is provided with two guide rail grooves, and the two wheels are slidably disposed in the two guide rail grooves respectively.
5. The automatic spraying device of claim 1 wherein said platform is provided with a through hole through which one end of said flexible water pipe can pass.
6. The automatic spraying device of claim 1 wherein said nozzle is a nozzle that can adjust the size and direction of the spray.
7. The automatic spraying device of claim 1 wherein the track is made of one of plastic, wood, bamboo, or metal.
8. The automatic spraying device of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the hollow support is located at the center of the platform, a solar panel is mounted above the spraying rod, the battery is a storage battery, and the solar panel and the storage battery are electrically connected.
CN201911326330.9A 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Automatic spraying device Pending CN110973101A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911326330.9A CN110973101A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Automatic spraying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911326330.9A CN110973101A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Automatic spraying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110973101A true CN110973101A (en) 2020-04-10

Family

ID=70073584

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911326330.9A Pending CN110973101A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Automatic spraying device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110973101A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1062347A (en) * 1965-02-26 1967-03-22 Cyril Frederick Priest Improvements in or relating to apparatus for use in the spraying of insecticides, wee killers and other liquids more particularly for horticultural and agricultural purposes
CN207022729U (en) * 2017-07-12 2018-02-23 黑龙江省农业科学院五常水稻研究所 Super greenhouse comprehensive intelligent supervisor
CN110192550A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-03 潍坊学院 A kind of hand steered vehicle-mounted sprayer of plain type

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1062347A (en) * 1965-02-26 1967-03-22 Cyril Frederick Priest Improvements in or relating to apparatus for use in the spraying of insecticides, wee killers and other liquids more particularly for horticultural and agricultural purposes
CN207022729U (en) * 2017-07-12 2018-02-23 黑龙江省农业科学院五常水稻研究所 Super greenhouse comprehensive intelligent supervisor
CN110192550A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-03 潍坊学院 A kind of hand steered vehicle-mounted sprayer of plain type

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