CN110963275B - Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards - Google Patents

Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110963275B
CN110963275B CN201911297816.4A CN201911297816A CN110963275B CN 110963275 B CN110963275 B CN 110963275B CN 201911297816 A CN201911297816 A CN 201911297816A CN 110963275 B CN110963275 B CN 110963275B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
track
shaped material
feeding
connecting rod
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CN201911297816.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110963275A (en
Inventor
赵文娟
孙道妹
伍和龙
吴辉
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WUHU WENQING MACHINERY EQUIPMENT DESIGN Co.,Ltd.
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Wuhu Wenqing Machinery Equipment Design Co ltd
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Publication of CN110963275A publication Critical patent/CN110963275A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic grouping device for toothed building boards, which comprises a feeding track, a discharging track, a turnover mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a grouping mechanism, wherein the grouping mechanism comprises an L-shaped striker plate and an L-shaped material limiting plate, two boards are just accommodated between the L-shaped striker plate and the L-shaped material limiting plate, the grouping mechanism also comprises an elastic cushion support plate, a connecting rod mechanism and a pressing plate, the elastic cushion support plate is connected with the pressing plate through the connecting rod mechanism to be supported, the elastic cushion support plate is rotatably connected to the discharging end of the feeding track, and an elastic cushion is contacted with the bottom of the L-shaped striker plate; the feeding mechanism feeds the plate behind in the initial state, drives the former plate to feed upwards to the turnover mechanism through the pressed L-shaped baffle plate, and the pressing plate stretches out after being separated from the plate to enable the turnover plate to drive the L-shaped baffle plate to rotate continuously, so that the latter plate is conveyed downwards to the lower track, grouping and turnover are realized continuously, and the structure is simple without an additional driving mechanism.

Description

Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards
Technical Field
The invention relates to an automatic grouping device for toothed building boards.
Background
In order to increase the connection strength between adjacent plates, the building plates in the prior art adopt a structure with teeth on the peripheral sides, so that the integral connection strength of the plates is effectively improved by the meshing of the teeth and the teeth after the adjacent plates are installed. For example, the toothed building board produced by the applicant is provided with a sandwich structure inside, and after the outer board structure is produced, the sandwich structure is filled into the grooves on the inner side of the board, and then the boards on the two sides are pressed and fixed. The original production mode is that the outer plates are produced through two production lines, and then two groups of plates are arranged on a sandwich layer through a pressing production line and pressed to form a complete plate. After a production line is used for producing the outer-side plates, the pressing production line and the outer-side plate production line are connected together through the grouping device and the turnover device which are respectively arranged, so that the cost is reduced, and the efficiency is improved. On one hand, a grouping device and a turnover device are required to be added, so that the cost is reduced limitedly, grouping turnover is carried out after the outer plates are produced and need to be detected, and at the moment, the distance between the plates is different due to different detection time, so that the influence on subsequent grouping is caused, and the additional adjustment is required; finally, the coordination among the conveying mechanism, the grouping device and the turnover device needs to be formed by respectively adjusting through corresponding motors and controllers, so that the time consumption for adjustment is high when the production rate needs to be changed, and the problem that the devices cannot work cooperatively during adjustment is easily caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic grouping device for toothed building boards, which aims to solve the problems that in the prior art, grouping and overturning work of the toothed boards needs to be carried out through a conveying mechanism, a grouping device and an overturning device, the cost is high, more devices are involved, the cooperativity is poor, the production rate is not easy to adjust, and the use effect is easily influenced by instable board intervals.
The automatic grouping device for the toothed building boards comprises an incoming material rail and an outgoing material rail, wherein the incoming material rail and the outgoing material rail are all conveyed through an electric conveying roller mechanism, the automatic grouping device further comprises a feeding mechanism, a turnover mechanism and a grouping mechanism, the grouping mechanism comprises an L-shaped material baffle hinged to the outgoing end of the incoming material rail and an L-shaped material limiting plate hinged to the incoming material rail, the L-shaped material baffle and the L-shaped material limiting plate are oppositely arranged and are separated from each other to contain two abutted boards, the feeding mechanism is used for feeding one of the abutted boards close to the L-shaped material limiting plate, the left end and the right end of the L-shaped material baffle are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a first connecting rod, one end part of the first connecting rod is rotatably connected with a second connecting rod, the second connecting rod is rotatably connected with a folding angle of the L-shaped material limiting plate, and the grouping mechanism further comprises an elastic cushion supporting plate, The elastic cushion support plate is connected with the pressure plate through the connecting rod mechanism to be supported, the elastic cushion support plate is rotatably connected to the discharge end of the feeding track, and an elastic cushion in contact with the bottom of the L-shaped striker plate is mounted on the elastic cushion support plate; feeding mechanism establishes back panel both sides position under initial condition, includes L type support piece and installs L type support piece goes up the conveyer belt mechanism that a back panel of drive gos forward, the clamp plate gets into at a preceding panel one pressure during turn-over mechanism is below a back panel, and a panel left around the upset of a preceding panel the clamp plate position order the clamp plate can rise, ejection of compact track includes track and lower track, panel is in L type striker plate not with fall during the cushion contact on the track down, L type striker plate bottom is pressed down during the cushion panel warp L type striker plate upper end slope pay-off arrives turn-over mechanism, panel warp fall after the turn-over plate upset on the track.
The utility model discloses a roll-over plate, including roll-over plate, L type striker plate, connecting rod three, inclined portion, tilting roller.
Preferably, the inward extending parts of the L-shaped supporting members block the toothed parts on two sides of the next plate, an external tooth structure for driving the toothed parts of the plates to advance is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt mechanism, an elongated slot for the external tooth structure to pass through is formed in the L-shaped supporting members, and the width of the pressing plate is smaller than the distance between the inward extending parts of the L-shaped supporting members on two sides.
Preferably, the link mechanism comprises a fourth link, a fifth link and a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is rotatably installed on the supplied material rail and located at the lower part of the next plate in the initial state, a through groove penetrating the axis in the lateral direction is formed in the rotating shaft, two ends of the fourth link are respectively hinged to the bottom of the elastic pad and one end of the fifth link, the other end of the fifth link slides through the through groove and is hinged to the bottom of the pressing plate, and a reset spring is connected between the bottom of the pressing plate and the rotating shaft.
Preferably, turn-over mechanism still includes conveyer belt mechanism, conveyer belt mechanism sets up towards ejection of compact track one end tilt up and is located the supplied materials track with regional top between the ejection of compact track, conveyer belt mechanism through self support mounting in on the inclined support, returning face plate one side is rotated and is connected conveyer belt mechanism upper end, the returning face plate stretches out one side and is equipped with the bearing board, under the upset state, after the returning face plate position exceeded the minimum the panel uses bearing board one side overturns as the centre of a circle.
Preferably, the material blocking part of the L-shaped material blocking plate is blocked at the discharge end of the incoming material rail in an initial state and forms an included angle of not more than 5 degrees with a vertical surface, and the material limiting part of the L-shaped material limiting plate is positioned below the conveying surface of the incoming material rail; under the state of feeding, the L-shaped material baffle rotates to press the elastic cushion to the bottom, a plate close to the front is conveyed obliquely upwards through the inclined plane on the inner side of the material limiting part and falls on the feeding end of the conveying belt mechanism, and the material limiting part is driven by the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod to rotate upwards to expose and block the plate behind from the conveying surface.
Preferably, a limiting rod is fixed in the feeding track, the limiting rod blocks the L-shaped material limiting plate in a lower feeding state, extended hinge shafts are symmetrically fixed on the left side and the right side of a folding angle of the L-shaped material limiting plate, two ends of the connecting rod are rotatably connected with the hinge shafts, the other end of the connecting rod is provided with a long groove extending in the same direction, a pin shaft connected in the long groove in a sliding manner is fixed at one end of the connecting rod, the inner side of one end of the long groove is connected with the pin shaft through an elastic belt, and the pin shaft pulls the elastic belt to the other end of the long groove in the lower feeding state.
Preferably, the L-shaped material baffle plate and the L-shaped material limiting plate are provided with grooves for the plates to pass through on one side of the connecting hinge shaft, and the width of each groove is larger than that of each plate.
Preferably, the conveying belt mechanism is driven by an electric conveying roller mechanism of the discharging rail, and the feeding mechanism is driven by an electric conveying roller mechanism of the feeding rail.
The invention has the following advantages:
the invention can make the feeding mechanism driven by the electric conveying roller mechanism of the incoming material track and make the conveying belt mechanism driven by the electric conveying roller mechanism of the outgoing material track through the transmission mechanism, and the turnover mechanism and the grouping mechanism are mutually cooperated, thereby realizing good overall cooperativity of the grouping turnover mechanism, needing no additional prime motor and control module, and solving the defects of high cost and poor cooperativity. Thereby utilize L type support piece to push down panel can guarantee through clamp plate and link mechanism that L type striker plate can play reliable direction effect upwards when upwards pay-off, can advance again a panel afterwards and let L type striker plate can rotate downwards when being fit for the opportunity and let the following panel by pay-off to lower track, through the position control pay-off direction that advances of panel self, both practiced thrift the part and guaranteed the reliability of grouping again. The grouping mechanism can simultaneously realize grouping and the reduction of the distance between two plates, ensures that the two plates grouped at one time are contacted with each other and are not influenced by the distance between the plates, has less related devices and is easy to maintain and adjust, the speed is changed along with the running speed of the feeding mechanism because the speed of the feeding mechanism and the speed of the conveying belt mechanism are changed, the time for automatic turnover is shorter, the anti-warping roller can be reset in advance to influence the downward track of the plates, the invention can prevent the subsequent plates from entering the grouping mechanism before resetting, and the running steps of the invention are prevented from being disturbed, so the production speed is changed in a certain range, the feeding speed of the conveying mechanism is only required to be adjusted along with the change of the production speed, other parts are not required to be adjusted, and the.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a grouping mechanism in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the turn-over mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the grouping mechanism and the incoming feed track of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the feeding mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a joint between a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the mechanism of the present invention at the time of starting grouping in the initial state.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the mechanism of the present invention in a feeding state for feeding a first sheet material to the turnover mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of the mechanism of the present invention after the first plate is turned over by the turning-over mechanism.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the mechanism of the present invention for feeding the second sheet material to the lower rail in the lower feeding state.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the mechanism of the present invention waiting for the entry of a subsequent sheet after completion of group inversion.
The labels in the figures are: 1. the feeding device comprises a feeding track, 2, an upper track, 201, an inclined bracket, 3, a lower track, 301, a horizontal part, 302, an inclined part, 303, a transition conveying belt, 4, a plate, 5, a feeding mechanism, 501, an L-shaped support member, 5011, an elongated slot, 502, a conveying belt mechanism, 5021, an external tooth structure, 6, a turn-over mechanism, 601, a conveying belt mechanism, 602, a turn-over plate, 603, three and 7 connecting rods, a connecting rod mechanism, 701, four connecting rods, 702, five and 703 connecting rods, a rotating shaft, 704, a spring, 8, a grouping mechanism, 801, an L-shaped material baffle plate, 802, one connecting rod, 8021, a pin shaft, 803, two connecting rods, 8031, a long groove, 8032, an elastic belt, 804, an L-shaped material limiting plate, 805, a limiting rod, 806, an elastic cushion supporting plate, 807, an elastic cushion, 808, a pressing plate, 9 and.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will be given in order to provide those skilled in the art with a more complete, accurate and thorough understanding of the inventive concept and technical solutions of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11, the present invention provides an automatic grouping device for toothed building boards, which comprises a feeding track 1 and a discharging track, wherein the feeding track 1 and the discharging track are both conveyed by an electric conveying roller mechanism, and further comprises a feeding mechanism 5, a turn-over mechanism 6 and a grouping mechanism 8.
The grouping mechanism 8 comprises an L-shaped material baffle plate 801 hinged at the discharge end of the incoming material rail 1 and an L-shaped material limiting plate 804 hinged on the incoming material rail 1, the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 and the L-shaped material limiting plate 804 are oppositely arranged and are spaced to accommodate two butted together plates 4, the feeding mechanism 5 is used for feeding one of the butted plates 4 close to the L-shaped material limiting plate 804, the left end and the right end of the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a first connecting rod 802, the end part of the first connecting rod 802 is rotatably connected with a second connecting rod 803, the second connecting rod 803 is rotatably connected with a folding angle part of the L-shaped material limiting plate 804, the grouping mechanism 8 further comprises an elastic cushion support plate 806, a connecting rod mechanism 7 and a pressure plate 808, the elastic cushion support plate 806 is connected with the pressure plate 808 through the connecting rod mechanism 7 for supporting, the elastic cushion support plate 806 is rotatably connected at the discharge end of the incoming material rail 1, the elastic pad support plate 806 is provided with an elastic pad 807 which is in contact with the bottom of the L-shaped striker plate 801.
The feeding mechanism 5 is arranged at two sides of the next plate 4 in the initial state, and comprises an L-shaped support 501 and a conveyor belt mechanism 502 which is arranged on the L-shaped support 501 and drives the next plate 4 to advance, the press plate 808 presses under the following sheet 4 when the preceding sheet 4 enters the turn-over mechanism 6, and the previous plate 4 is turned over and the previous plate 4 is separated from the position of the pressing plate 808 so that the pressing plate 808 can be lifted, the discharging rail comprises an upper rail 2 and a lower rail 3, the sheet material 4 falls onto the lower rail 3 when the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 is not in contact with the elastic cushion 807, when the elastic pad 807 is pressed down from the bottom of the L-shaped material baffle plate 801, the plate 4 is obliquely fed to the turnover mechanism 6 through the upper end of the L-shaped material baffle plate 801, and the plate 4 falls on the upper rail 2 after being turned by the turning plate 602.
Rotatory returning face plate 602 passes through the drive of three 603 of connecting rods when overturning along with panel 4 in the turn-over mechanism 6L type striker plate 801 rotates, three 603 of connecting rods set up in pairs turning face mechanism 6 both sides, three 603 both ends of connecting rod articulate respectively returning face plate 602 with the side of L type striker plate, it includes the slope support 201 that upwards extends from its feed end slope to go up track 2, track 3 is equipped with horizontal part 301 down and locates the slope part 302 of pan feeding end, slope part 302 with symmetrical connection has a pair of support column between the slope support 201, be equipped with between the support column and prevent warping the roller 9, prevent warping roller 9 with distance between the plane of slope part 302 with the thickness looks adaptation of panel 4 falls down the panel 4 of track 3 feed end is by when carrying prevent warping roller 9 and push down and prevent warping.
The inward extending parts of the L-shaped support 501 are blocked by the tooth parts on two sides of the next plate 4, an external tooth structure 5021 for driving the tooth parts of the plate 4 to advance is arranged on the surface of a conveyor belt of the conveyor belt mechanism 502, a long groove 5011 for the external tooth structure 5021 to pass through is formed in the L-shaped support 501, and the width of the pressure plate 808 is smaller than the distance between the inward extending parts of the L-shaped supports 501 on two sides.
The link mechanism 7 comprises a fourth link 701, a fifth link 702 and a rotating shaft 703, the rotating shaft 703 is rotatably mounted on the incoming material track 1 and is located at the lower part of the next plate 4 in the initial state, a through groove which laterally penetrates through the axis is formed in the rotating shaft 703, two ends of the fourth link 701 are respectively hinged to the bottom of the elastic pad 807 and one end of the fifth link 702, the other end of the fifth link 702 slidably penetrates through the through groove and is hinged to the bottom of the pressing plate 808, and a return spring 704 is connected between the bottom of the pressing plate 808 and the rotating shaft 703.
Turn-over mechanism 6 still includes conveyer belt mechanism 601, conveyer belt mechanism 601 sets up and is located towards ejection of compact track one end tilt up the incoming material track 1 with regional top between the ejection of compact track, conveyer belt mechanism 601 is in through the support mounting of self on inclined support 201, returning face plate 602 one side is rotated and is connected conveyer belt mechanism 601 upper end, returning face plate 602 stretches out one side and is equipped with the bearing board, under the upset state, returning face plate 602 position surpasss behind the minimum panel 4 with bearing board one side overturns as the centre of a circle.
The material blocking part of the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 is blocked at the discharge end of the incoming material rail 1 in an initial state and has an included angle of not more than 5 degrees with a vertical surface, and the material limiting part of the L-shaped material limiting plate 804 is positioned below the conveying surface of the incoming material rail 1; in the feeding state, the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 rotates to press the elastic pad 807 to the bottom, the plate 4 near the front is conveyed obliquely upward through the inner inclined surface of the material limiting part and falls on the feeding end of the conveyor belt mechanism 601, and the material limiting part is driven by the first connecting rod 802 and the second connecting rod 803 to rotate upward to expose and block the plate 4 behind from the conveying surface.
A limiting rod 805805 is fixed in the incoming material rail 1, the limiting rod 805805 blocks the L-shaped material limiting plate 804 in a downward feeding state, extended hinge shafts are symmetrically fixed on the left side and the right side of a folding angle of the L-shaped material limiting plate 804, one end of the second connecting rod 803 is rotatably connected with the hinge shafts, the other end of the second connecting rod is provided with a long groove 8031 extending in the same direction, the end of the first connecting rod 802 is fixed with a pin 8021 connected in the long groove 8031 in a sliding manner, the inner side of one end of the long groove 8031 is connected with the pin 8021 through an elastic belt 8032, and the pin 8021 pulls the elastic belt 8032 to the other end of the long groove 8031 in the downward feeding state.
The L-shaped material baffle plate 801 and the L-shaped material limiting plate 804 are both provided with grooves for the plates 4 to pass through on one side of the connecting hinge shaft, and the width of each groove is larger than that of each plate 4.
The conveying belt mechanism 601 is driven by an electric conveying roller mechanism of the discharging track, and the feeding mechanism 5 is driven by an electric conveying roller mechanism of the incoming track 1.
The process of use of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 7-11: when the semi-lateral plate feeding device is used, the plates 4 with the semi-lateral structures are continuously conveyed from the feeding rail 1, sandwich materials can be added into the grooves in the middles of the plates 4, and the plates 4 are spaced at certain intervals but are different in size. Under initial condition, the portion of keeping off the material of L type striker plate 801 keeps off the discharge end of supplied materials track 1 and has the contained angle that is not more than 5 with vertical face, the limit material position of L type limit material board 804 is in the delivery surface below of supplied materials track 1, and panel 4 reaches the portion of keeping off the material through limit material portion top like this, because the contained angle is too little, and the conveying roller is limited and can slide to the conveying force of panel 4 moreover, and the conveying roller rotates and does not play the transport effect to panel 4 that leans forward, therefore panel 4 is kept off the material portion and is blocked.
When the second, i.e. the following, sheet 4 is fed forward into the area of the feeding mechanism 5, the two sheets 4 are forced forward by the feeding mechanism 5 by pushing the toothed portions on both sides of the sheet 4. The front end of the plate 4 in front pushes the material blocking part to enable the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 to rotate, and the bottom of the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 presses the elastic pad 807 to achieve rotation of the material blocking part, so that the inclination angle of the material blocking part is increased, and the plate 4 can conveniently move towards the inclined upper side. The pressing plate 808 presses on the bottom of the next plate 4, and the plate 4 is stopped by the inward extending part of the L-shaped support 501, so that the elastic pad support plate 806 is supported by the pressing plate 808 and the link mechanism 7 and cannot rotate downwards. The plate 4 which is driven by the feeding mechanism 5 to move forward is conveyed obliquely upwards through the inner side inclined plane of the material limiting part and falls on the feeding end of the conveying belt mechanism 601, and is continuously conveyed obliquely upwards by the feeding mechanism 5 and the conveying belt mechanism 601 until the center of the plate 4 exceeds the upper end of the conveying belt mechanism 601 to turn over.
When the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 rotates, the second connecting rod 803 is driven by the shaft and the first connecting rod 802 which are fixedly connected with the L-shaped material baffle plate to move and push the L-shaped material limiting plate 804 to rotate upwards, when the L-shaped material baffle plate is blocked by the limiting rod 805805, the L-shaped material limiting plate stops, and the material limiting part is exposed out of the conveying surface to block the rear plate 4. While the preceding mechanisms operate to effect group inversion of the sheets 4, the L-shaped retainer plate 804 retains the subsequent sheet 4 and reduces the distance between the subsequent adjacent sheets 4, while the subsequent third sheet 4 does not contact the sheet 4 in front of it. Thus, when the mechanism is restored to the initial state, two subsequent adjacent plates 4 can enter the area where the feeding mechanism 5 is located in sequence.
A supporting plate is arranged on one side, extending out of the turnover plate 602, of the turnover plate 4, the plate 4 is turned over along with the turnover plate 602 in a turning state, after the turnover plate 602 exceeds the lowest point, the plate 4 is turned over by taking one side of the supporting plate as a circle center, the other side of the plate 4 falls on the upper rail 2, and then the plate is discharged forwards under the action of conveying rollers of the upper rail 2. Before the roll-over plate 602 is rotated, the next sheet 4 has moved forward away from the position of the pressing plate 808, so that the pressing plate 808 can extend upward and the resilient pad support 806 can rotate downward. When the turning plate 602 rotates, the third connecting rods 603 on the left side and the right side of the turning plate push the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 to rotate downwards, so that the fifth connecting rods 702 are pushed to move through the elastic cushion support plates 806 and the fourth connecting rods 701, the fifth connecting rods 702 rotate around the rotating shaft 703 on the one hand, and the pressing plates 808 are pushed upwards to extend through the through grooves in the rotating shaft 703 in the other direction, so that the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 can continue to rotate downwards.
The anterior part of the material blocking part of the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 is heavier, under the action of the third connecting rod 603 and the self gravity, the L-shaped material blocking plate 801 continues to rotate until the top end of the material blocking part is lower than the feeding end of the lower rail 3, the feeding state is achieved, the end part of the second connecting rod 803 extends backwards, and the hinge shaft is separated from the groove and is restrained in the elastic belt 8032. The electric feeding roller then feeds the sheet 4 at the rear, obliquely falls to the feeding end of the lower rail 3, and continues to feed forward so that the front end of the sheet 4 passes through the space below the anti-warping roller 9, taking care that the support plate is now at a distance from the oblique portion 302 of the lower rail 3 that allows the sheet 4 to pass through.
When the rear side of the front plate 4 moves forward, the pressing plate 808 moves towards the rotating shaft 703 under the reset action of the reset spring 704 and the elastic belt 8032, so that the turnover plate 602 and the elastic cushion support plate 806 reset, when the elastic cushion 807 resets, if the rear plate 4 is not conveyed through the position of the L-shaped material baffle plate 801, due to the limiting action of the anti-warping roller 9, the plate 4 is kept to be conveyed obliquely downwards, the elastic belt 8032 support plate and the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 are blocked to stop the reset movement, when the plate 4 passes through the position of the L-shaped material baffle plate 801, the sliding support and the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 can be completely reset in the initial state, and the L-shaped material baffle plate is reset to enable the originally blocked rear plate 4 to enter the area where the feeding mechanism 5 is located.
Obviously, after the scheme of the invention is adopted, even if the distance between the adjacent plates 4 is different during conveying, the grouping mechanism 8 can firstly ensure that every two plates 4 can be grouped after being contacted between the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 and the L-shaped material limiting plate 804, so that the condition that the number of the grouped plates 4 is not corresponding or the distance difference is larger is prevented. The discharging mechanism and the conveying belt mechanism 601 can also be driven by the existing electric conveying roller through the transmission mechanism, the continuous operation efficiency is high, the synchronization of the grouping and turning processes is good, and the phenomenon of incompatibility among the mechanisms is not easy to occur; and the operation sequence and the interval time of the grouping mechanism 8 and the turnover mechanism 6 do not need to be set according to different intervals, and errors caused by false alarm of the sensor are avoided.
According to the invention, the L-shaped support member 501 is used for pressing the plate 4, so that the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 can play a reliable upward guiding effect when upward feeding is ensured through the pressing plate 808 and the connecting rod mechanism 7, and one plate 4 advances later, so that the L-shaped material baffle plate 801 can rotate downwards at a proper time to feed the plate 4 behind to the lower rail 3, and the feeding direction is controlled through the advancing position of the plate 4, so that the parts are saved, and the grouping reliability is ensured.
The invention is described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is obvious that the specific implementation of the invention is not limited by the above-mentioned manner, and it is within the scope of the invention to adopt various insubstantial modifications of the inventive concept and solution of the invention, or to apply the inventive concept and solution directly to other applications without modification.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides an automatic grouping device of toothed building board, includes supplied materials track (1) and ejection of compact track, supplied materials track (1) with ejection of compact track all is carried through electronic conveying roller mechanism, its characterized in that: the automatic material conveying device is characterized by further comprising a feeding mechanism (5), a turnover mechanism (6) and a grouping mechanism (8), wherein the grouping mechanism (8) comprises an L-shaped material baffle plate (801) hinged to the discharging end of the incoming material rail (1) and an L-shaped material limiting plate (804) hinged to the incoming material rail (1), the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) and the L-shaped material limiting plate (804) are oppositely arranged, two abutted plates (4) are accommodated at a distance between the L-shaped material baffle plate and the L-shaped material limiting plate, the feeding mechanism (5) is used for feeding one of the abutted plates (4) close to the L-shaped material limiting plate (804), the left end and the right end of the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a first connecting rod (802), the end part of the first connecting rod (802) is rotatably connected with a second connecting rod (803), and the folding angle part of the second connecting rod (803) and, the grouping mechanism (8) further comprises an elastic cushion support plate (806), a link mechanism (7) and a pressing plate (808), the elastic cushion support plate (806) is connected with the pressing plate (808) through the link mechanism (7) to be supported, the elastic cushion support plate (806) is rotatably connected to the discharge end of the incoming material rail (1), and an elastic cushion (807) in contact with the bottom of the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) is mounted on the elastic cushion support plate (806);
the feeding mechanism (5) is arranged at two sides of a rear plate (4) in an initial state and comprises an L-shaped support (501) and a conveyor belt mechanism (502) which is arranged on the L-shaped support (501) and drives the rear plate (4) to advance, the inward extending part of the L-shaped support (501) is blocked at two sides of the rear plate (4) and is provided with teeth, an external tooth structure (5021) for driving the teeth of the plate (4) to advance is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt mechanism (502), a long groove (5011) for the external tooth structure (5021) to pass through is formed in the L-shaped support (501), and the width of the pressing plate (808) is smaller than the distance between the inward extending parts of the L-shaped supports (501) at two sides;
the pressing plate (808) is pressed below the next plate (4) when the previous plate (4) enters the turnover mechanism (6), the plate (4) before and after the previous plate (4) is turned over leaves the pressing plate (808) to enable the pressing plate (808) to be lifted, and the discharging track comprises an upper track (2) and a lower track (3);
the turnover plate (602) rotating along with the plate (4) in the turnover mechanism (6) is driven by three connecting rods (603) to rotate the L-shaped material baffle plate (801), the three connecting rods (603) are arranged on two sides of the turnover mechanism (6) in pairs, two ends of the three connecting rods (603) are respectively hinged to the side surfaces of the turnover plate (602) and the L-shaped material baffle plate (801), the upper track (2) comprises an inclined bracket (201) extending upwards from the feeding end of the upper track, the lower track (3) is provided with a horizontal part (301) and an inclined part (302) arranged at the feeding end, a pair of supporting columns are symmetrically connected between the inclined part (302) and the inclined bracket (201), a warping-preventing roller (9) is arranged between the supporting columns, the distance between the warping-preventing roller (9) and the conveying surface of the inclined part (302) is matched with the thickness of the plate (4), the plate (4) falling to the feeding end of the lower rail (3) is pressed by the anti-warping roller (9) to prevent warping when being conveyed;
the connecting rod mechanism (7) comprises a fourth connecting rod (701), a fifth connecting rod (702) and a rotating shaft (703), the rotating shaft (703) is rotatably installed on the incoming material track (1) and is positioned at the lower part of the next plate (4) in an initial state, a through groove which laterally penetrates through an axis is formed in the rotating shaft (703), two ends of the fourth connecting rod (701) are respectively hinged to the bottom of the elastic pad (807) and one end of the fifth connecting rod (702), the other end of the fifth connecting rod (702) is hinged to the bottom of the pressing plate (808) in a sliding mode through the through groove, and a return spring (704) is connected between the bottom of the pressing plate (808) and the rotating shaft (703);
the plate (4) falls onto the lower rail (3) when the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) is not in contact with the elastic cushion (807), the plate (4) is obliquely fed to the turn-over mechanism (6) through the upper end of the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) when the elastic cushion (807) is pressed down at the bottom of the L-shaped material baffle plate (801), and the plate (4) falls onto the upper rail (2) after being turned over by the turn-over plate (602);
the turnover mechanism (6) further comprises a conveyer belt mechanism (601), the conveyer belt mechanism (601) is arranged in an upward inclined mode towards one end of the discharging track and is located above the area between the feeding track (1) and the discharging track, the conveyer belt mechanism (601) is installed on the inclined support (201) through a support of the conveyer belt mechanism (601), one side of the turnover plate (602) is rotatably connected to the upper end of the conveyer belt mechanism (601), a bearing plate is arranged on one side, extending out of the turnover plate (602), and in a turnover state, after the turnover plate (602) exceeds the lowest point, the plate (4) is turned over by taking one side of the bearing plate as a circle center;
the material stopping part of the L-shaped material stopping plate (801) is stopped at the material discharging end of the material feeding track (1) in an initial state and forms an included angle of not more than 5 degrees with a vertical surface, and the material limiting part of the L-shaped material limiting plate (804) is located below the conveying surface of the material feeding track (1); in an upper feeding state, the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) rotates to press the elastic cushion (807) to the bottom, a forward plate (4) is conveyed obliquely upwards through an inner inclined plane of the material limiting part and falls on a feeding end of the conveying belt mechanism (601), and the material limiting part is driven by the first connecting rod (802) and the second connecting rod (803) to rotate upwards to expose and block a rear plate (4) from the conveying surface;
a limiting rod (805) is fixed in the incoming material rail (1), the limiting rod (805) blocks the L-shaped material limiting plate (804) in a lower feeding state, extended hinge shafts are symmetrically fixed on the left side and the right side of a folding angle of the L-shaped material limiting plate (804), one end of the second connecting rod (803) is rotatably connected with the hinge shafts, the other end of the second connecting rod is provided with a long groove (8031) extending in the same direction, a pin shaft (8021) which is connected in the long groove (8031) in a sliding mode is fixed at the end portion of the first connecting rod (802), the inner side of one end of the long groove (8031) is connected with the pin shaft (8021) through an elastic belt (8032), and in the lower feeding state, the pin shaft (8021) pulls the elastic belt (8032) to the other end of the long groove (8031.
2. The automated grouping apparatus of toothed building boards of claim 1 wherein: the L-shaped material baffle plate (801) and the L-shaped material limiting plate (804) are both provided with grooves for the plates (4) to pass through on one side of the connecting hinge shaft, and the width of each groove is larger than that of each plate (4).
3. An automatic grouping device for toothed building boards according to claim 2 wherein: the conveying belt mechanism (601) is driven by the electric conveying roller mechanism of the discharging track, and the feeding mechanism (5) is driven by the electric conveying roller mechanism of the feeding track (1).
CN201911297816.4A 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards Active CN110963275B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911297816.4A CN110963275B (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911297816.4A CN110963275B (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Automatic grouping device for toothed building boards

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CN110963275A CN110963275A (en) 2020-04-07
CN110963275B true CN110963275B (en) 2021-05-28

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