CN110949697B - Automatic feeder of packaging machine for capsule production - Google Patents

Automatic feeder of packaging machine for capsule production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110949697B
CN110949697B CN201911209484.XA CN201911209484A CN110949697B CN 110949697 B CN110949697 B CN 110949697B CN 201911209484 A CN201911209484 A CN 201911209484A CN 110949697 B CN110949697 B CN 110949697B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
plate
sleeve
belt pulley
roller
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CN201911209484.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110949697A (en
Inventor
张汉华
朱正标
闫海粟
陶元明
严小军
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Jiangsu Huanghe Pharmaceutical Co ltd
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Jiangsu Huanghe Pharmaceutical Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911209484.XA priority Critical patent/CN110949697B/en
Publication of CN110949697A publication Critical patent/CN110949697A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/04Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
    • B65B1/06Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles by gravity flow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/30Devices or methods for controlling or determining the quantity or quality or the material fed or filled

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of capsule production and processing devices, in particular to an automatic feeder of a packaging machine for capsule production, which comprises a fixed sleeve, an adjusting structure, a feeding structure, a discharging structure, a screening structure and a cleaning structure, wherein the adjusting structure is arranged on the fixed sleeve; the feed structure is when carrying out work, can drive the blowing structure in step and carry out work, setting through the blowing structure, can be with even the placing of capsule granule into the feed structure, guarantee that capsule granule jam can not appear in the inside of fixed cover, the blowing structure is when carrying out work, can drive the screening structure in step and carry out work, work through the screening structure, can enough guarantee the unloading smoothness nature of capsule granule, avoid capsule granule to block up fixed cover, and can also filter the screening with remaining powder on the capsule granule, thereby can guarantee the packaging quality of capsule granule, the feed structure can drive the clearance structure in step and carry out work when carrying out work, make the powder clearance work of screening structure more thorough.

Description

Automatic feeder of packaging machine for capsule production
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of capsule production and processing devices, in particular to an automatic feeder of a packaging machine for capsule production.
Background
Capsules, the drugs in capsules, are generally powders or granules which are irritating to the esophagus and gastric mucosa, or drugs which are bad in taste, easily volatilized, easily decomposed by saliva in the oral cavity, and easily inhaled into the trachea. The medicines are filled into capsules, so that the medicine property of the medicines is protected from being damaged, and the digestive organs and the respiratory tract are protected. Removal of the capsule shell may result in loss of the drug, waste of the drug, and reduced efficacy. In addition, some drugs need to be dissolved and absorbed in the intestine, and the capsule protects the drug from gastric acid. The medicine is capsule prepared with special film forming material, such as gelatin, cellulose, polysaccharide, etc. and the capsule may be filled with medicine in powder or liquid form for easy swallowing.
In the production process of the CIT capsule, in order to feed the packaging machine, a feeder is generally added on a conveying belt of the packaging machine, in the filling process of the CIT capsule, some medicine powder may be adhered to the outside of the capsule, and capsule particles containing the medicine powder are directly thrown from the feeder on a conveying device of the packaging machine, which affects the packaging quality of the capsule particles.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides an automatic feeder of a packaging machine for producing capsules.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing the capsules comprises a fixed sleeve, an adjusting structure, a feeding structure, a discharging structure, a screening structure and a cleaning structure, wherein the adjusting structure is connected with a conveying device of the packaging machine and used for adjusting the feeding flow rate by connecting the top end of the fixed sleeve provided with other parts, and the feeding structure used for discharging the capsules is arranged in the fixed sleeve; the feeding structure is arranged in the fixed sleeve and used for separating capsules to feed, the screening structure is arranged in the fixed sleeve and used for screening out medicinal powder on the surfaces of the capsules, and the cleaning structure is arranged in the fixed sleeve and used for cleaning the medicinal powder on the screening structure.
It is specific, adjust the structure and include inlet pipe, hopper, baffle, riser, bearing, screw rod and slot, be the rectangle structure the inlet pipe is fixed in the top of fixed cover the inside of inlet pipe is equipped with and is the trapezium structure the slot the inlet pipe deviates from the one end of fixed cover is fixed the hopper the inside sliding connection of inlet pipe has and is the rectangle structure the baffle the one end of baffle is that the vertical relation is fixed the riser is fixed on the inlet pipe the bearing the inside of bearing is fixed the screw rod, the screw rod passes through the bearing with the inlet pipe rotates to be connected, the screw rod runs through the riser, just the screw rod with riser threaded connection.
Specifically, the feed structure includes mounting panel, motor, first belt pulley, first belt, roller, second belt pulley, feeding roller and standing groove, the one end of fixed cover is the vertical relation fixed the mounting panel the top of mounting panel is fixed the motor the one end of motor is fixed first belt pulley the inside of fixed cover is rotated and is connected with the roller the external fixation of roller the feeding roller, just the feeding roller passes through the roller with fixed cover rotates and connects the outside of feeding roller is the multirow that the annular array distributes the standing groove the external fixation of roller the second belt pulley, just first belt pulley with the second belt pulley passes through first belt rotates and connects.
Specifically, the discharging structure comprises a third belt pulley, a second belt, a rotating shaft, a fourth belt pulley, a mandril, a rotating plate, a pin, a protective sleeve, a connecting plate and a first spring, the third belt pulley is fixed outside the roller shaft, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected inside the fixed sleeve, the fourth belt pulley is fixed outside the rotating shaft, the third belt pulley is rotatably connected with the fourth belt pulley through the second belt, the mandril is fixed outside the rotating shaft, the rotating plate is arranged inside the fixed sleeve and is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve through the pin, the rotating plate and the top end of the fixed sleeve form an included angle of 30 degrees, the protective sleeve which is of an inverted 'concave' structure is fixed at the top end of the rotating plate, and one end of the protective sleeve, which deviates from the feeding roller, is of a horn-shaped structure, the top end of the rotating plate is fixed with a plurality of connecting plates in a mutually parallel relationship, one end of the rotating plate, which is far away from the protective sleeve, is fixed with the first spring, and the other end of the first spring is fixed with the fixed sleeve.
Specifically, the screening structure comprises a first wedge-shaped block, a slide bar, a second wedge-shaped block, a fixed disc, a second spring, a filter plate and a splitter plate, wherein the first wedge-shaped block is fixed outside the rotating shaft, the cross section of the first wedge-shaped block is of a triangular structure, the slide bar with a trapezoidal cross section is connected inside the fixed sleeve in a sliding manner, the filter plate is fixed at one end of the slide bar, the filter plate and the top end of the fixed sleeve form a 15-degree included angle, the splitter plate is fixed at the top end of the filter plate in a vertical relationship, the splitter plate is provided with a plurality of splitter plates which are arranged in a parallel relationship, the vertical distance between the two splitter plates is smaller than the vertical distance between the two connecting plates, the filter plate and the splitter plate are both connected with the fixed sleeve in a sliding manner, the fixed disc is fixed outside the second spring, the second spring is clamped and fixed between the fixed disc and the fixed sleeve, the second wedge-shaped block is fixed outside the sliding rod, and the section of the second wedge-shaped block is of a triangular structure.
Specifically, the cleaning structure comprises a box body, a gas pipe, a wind pipe, a gas passage, gas outlet holes, a pressure rod, a pressure plate, a third spring and an air bag, the box body is of a cuboid structure and is internally hollow, the box body is fixed at one end outside the fixed sleeve, the roller shaft extends to the inside of the box body, the pressure rod is fixed outside the roller shaft, one end of the pressure rod, which deviates from the roller shaft, is of an arc structure, the pressure plate is connected inside the box body in a sliding manner, the third spring is clamped and fixed between the pressure plate and the box body, the air bag is clamped and fixed between the pressure plate and the box body, the gas passage is arranged in the fixed sleeve in a circular manner, the three gas outlet holes are arranged in the fixed sleeve, the gas outlet holes and the top end of the fixed sleeve form an included angle of 60 degrees, and the three gas outlet holes are communicated with the gas passage, the air bag is communicated with the air passage through the air pipe, and the air pipe is fixed at the bottom end of the fixed sleeve.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing capsules can place capsule particles on the packaging conveying belt in a plurality of rows at equal intervals through the arrangement of the feeding structure, can increase the packaging efficiency, can also place the capsule particles at equal intervals, is convenient for the subsequent packaging of the capsule particles, namely, because the rotating power of the roller shaft which is rotatably connected inside the fixed sleeve is supplied by the first belt pulley which drives the second belt pulley through the first belt, namely, when the motor works, the roller shaft can be driven to rotate, because the feeding roller is fixed outside the roller shaft, and a plurality of rows of placing grooves which are distributed in an annular array are arranged on the outer circumferential direction of the feeding roller, the capsule particles enter the plurality of placing grooves in batches, then the capsule particles inside the placing grooves can be rotated to the lowest end of the feeding roller through the rotation of the feeding roller, and the capsule particles inside the placing grooves are not limited, the capsules can fall on the conveying belt of the packaging machine at equal intervals, so that the packaging machine can package in batches conveniently, other capsule sequencing processes are not needed, the cost can be saved, and the packaging efficiency can be increased.
(2) The automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing capsules can synchronously drive the material feeding structure to work while the material feeding structure works, capsule particles can be uniformly placed into the material feeding structure through the arrangement of the material feeding structure, the capsule particles are guaranteed not to be blocked in the fixed sleeve, namely, when a roller shaft rotates, the rotating shaft can be driven to rotate through the third belt pulley, the second belt and the fourth belt pulley, the ejector rod is fixed outside the rotating shaft, the rotating plate is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve through the pin, the rotating plate can continuously shake under the rotating action of the ejector rod through the elastic action of the first spring, the capsule particles entering the protective sleeve can be uniformly fed through the continuous shaking of the rotating plate, the capsule particles can be guaranteed to enter between every two connecting plates, and the capsule particles can be guaranteed to enter the placing groove, and can also avoid capsule particles to block the protective sleeve.
(3) The automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing capsules, disclosed by the invention, has the advantages that the discharging structure can synchronously drive the screening structure to work while working, the blanking smoothness of capsule particles can be ensured through the work of the screening structure, the blocking of the fixed sleeve by the capsule particles is avoided, and the residual medicinal powder on the capsule particles can be filtered and screened out, so that the packaging quality of the capsule particles can be ensured, namely, as the first wedge-shaped block is fixed at the outer part of the rotating shaft, the second wedge-shaped block is fixed at one end of the sliding rod which is connected with the fixed sleeve in a sliding way, the first wedge-shaped block can abut against the second wedge-shaped block when rotating along with the rotating shaft, the reciprocating motion of the sliding rod can be realized under the action of the elastic force of the second spring, and as the filter plate is fixed at one end of the sliding rod and is connected with the fixed sleeve in a sliding way, the sliding rod can drive the filter plate to shake in a reciprocating way in the fixed sleeve, can enough avoid capsule granule to block up in the inside of fixed cover, can also shake off remaining powder on the capsule granule through the shake of filter plate, and through the shake of filter plate, can also be with even placing of capsule granule between the flow distribution plate, guarantee that the capsule granule can get into the inside of lag.
(4) The automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing capsules, disclosed by the invention, has the advantages that the feeding structure can synchronously drive the cleaning structure to work while working, the cleaning structure can act on the screening structure through the working of the cleaning structure, so that the powder cleaning work of the screening structure is more thorough, the quality is greatly improved and ensured, namely, the press rod can be driven to rotate through the rotation of the roll shaft, the press plate is connected with the box body in a sliding manner, the third spring is clamped and fixed between the press plate and the box body, the press plate can reciprocate up and down in the box body through the matching use of the third spring and the press rod, the air bag clamped between the press plate and the box body can be inflated through the up-and-down reciprocating motion of the press plate, the air bag is communicated with the air passage through the air pipe, the air passage is communicated with the three air outlet holes, and the air generated in the air bag can be blown out of the air outlet holes, thereby can clear up the work to the capsule granule on the filter plate, can clear up more thoroughly with the powder on the capsule granule.
(5) The automatic feeder of the packing machine for producing capsules can realize accurate blanking flow control on capsule particles through the adjusting structure arranged on the fixing sleeve, thereby being convenient for the packing machine with different packing efficiencies, namely, because the inside of the feeding pipe is provided with the clapboard for realizing the on-off of the feeding pipe, the complete interception of the feeding pipe can be realized through the existence of the slot, and because the vertical plate is fixed at one end of the clapboard, because the screw rod penetrates through the vertical plate and is in threaded connection with the vertical plate, and the other end of the screw rod is in rotational connection with the feeding pipe, the sliding of the clapboard in the feeding pipe can be realized when the screw rod is rotated, the clearance between the feeding pipe and the clapboard can be accurately controlled through the accurate rotation of the screw rod, thereby more accurately controlling the blanking flow of the capsule particles and being convenient for the subsequent loading and packing, but also to packaging machines with different packaging rates.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view showing the overall structure of a preferred embodiment of the automatic feeder of the capsule production packaging machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the attachment of the retaining sleeve and the feeding structure shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the portion B shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the cleaning structure shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the discharge structure shown in FIG. 1;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the screening structure shown in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. fixing sleeve, 2, adjusting structure, 21, feeding pipe, 22, hopper, 23, partition board, 24, vertical board, 25, bearing, 26, screw, 27, slot, 3, feeding structure, 31, mounting board, 32, motor, 33, first belt pulley, 34, first belt, 35, roller shaft, 36, second belt pulley, 37, feeding roller, 38, placing groove, 4, discharging structure, 41, third belt pulley, 42, second belt, 43, rotating shaft, 44, fourth belt pulley, 45, ejector rod, 46, rotating board, 47, pin, 48, protective sleeve, 49, partition board, 49a, first spring, 5, screening structure, 51, first wedge block, 52, sliding rod, 53, second wedge block, 54, fixed disk, 55, second spring, 56, filter board, 57, flow distribution board, 6, cleaning structure, 61, box body, 62, air pipe, 63, air pipe, 64, air duct, 65, air duct, air, Air outlet hole 66, pressure rod 67, pressure plate 68, third spring 69 and air bag.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-7, the automatic feeder of the packaging machine for producing capsules according to the present invention comprises a fixed sleeve 1, an adjusting structure 2, a feeding structure 3, a discharging structure 4, a screening structure 5 and a cleaning structure 6, wherein the adjusting structure 2 for adjusting the feeding flow is connected to the top end of the fixed sleeve 1 which is connected to the conveying device of the packaging machine and is provided with other components, and the feeding structure 3 for discharging capsules is provided inside the fixed sleeve 1; the feeding structure 4 is arranged in the fixed sleeve 1 and used for separating capsules to feed, the screening structure 5 is arranged in the fixed sleeve 1 and used for screening out medicinal powder on the surfaces of the capsules, and the cleaning structure 6 is arranged in the fixed sleeve 1 and used for cleaning the medicinal powder on the screening structure 5.
Specifically, the adjusting structure 2 includes a feeding pipe 21, a hopper 22, a partition plate 23, a vertical plate 24, a bearing 25, a screw 26 and a slot 27, the feeding pipe 21 having a rectangular structure is fixed to the top end of the fixing sleeve 1, the slot 27 having a trapezoidal structure is disposed inside the feeding pipe 21, the hopper 22 is fixed to an end of the feeding pipe 21 away from the fixing sleeve 1, the partition plate 23 having a rectangular structure is slidably connected to the inside of the feeding pipe 21, the vertical plate 24 is fixed to an end of the partition plate 23 in a vertical relationship, the bearing 25 is fixed to the feeding pipe 21, the screw 26 is fixed to the inside of the bearing 25, the screw 26 is rotatably connected to the feeding pipe 21 through the bearing 25, the screw 26 penetrates through the vertical plate 24, the screw 26 is in threaded connection with the vertical plate 24, because the partition plate 23 for opening and closing the feeding pipe 21 is disposed inside the feeding pipe 21, through the existence of slot 27, can realize right the thorough interception of inlet pipe 21, and because the one end of baffle 23 is fixed riser 24, because screw rod 26 runs through riser 24 and with riser 24 threaded connection, just the other end of screw rod 26 with inlet pipe 21 rotates and connects, consequently, rotates during screw rod 26, can realize baffle 23 is in the inside slip of inlet pipe 21, through the accurate rotation of screw rod 26, control that can be accurate inlet pipe 21 with clearance between the baffle 23 to the unloading flow of control capsule granule that can be comparatively accurate, subsequent material loading packing of being convenient for can also be applicable to the packagine machine of different packing speed.
Specifically, feed structure 3 includes mounting panel 31, motor 32, first belt pulley 33, first belt 34, roller 35, second belt pulley 36, feeding roller 37 and standing groove 38, the one end of fixed cover 1 is the vertical relation fixed mounting panel 31 the top of mounting panel 31 is fixed motor 32 the one end of motor 32 is fixed first belt pulley 33 the inside of fixed cover 1 rotates to be connected with roller 35 the external fixation of roller 35 feeding roller 37, just feeding roller 37 passes through roller 35 with fixed cover 1 rotates to be connected feeding roller 37's outside is the multirow that the annular array distributes the standing groove 38 the external fixation of roller 35 second belt pulley 36, just first belt pulley 33 with second belt pulley 36 passes through first belt 34 rotates to be connected, since the rotating power of the roller shaft 35 rotatably connected to the inside of the fixed sleeve 1 comes from the first belt pulley 33 and drives the second belt pulley 36 to supply through the first belt 34, that is, the roller shaft 35 can be driven to rotate when the motor 32 works, since the feeding roller 37 is fixed outside the roller shaft 35 and multiple rows of the placing grooves 38 are arranged in an annular array on the outer circumferential direction of the feeding roller 37, capsule particles batch-wise enter multiple placing grooves 38, and then the capsule particles inside the placing grooves 38 can be rotated to the lowest end of the feeding roller 37 through the rotation of the feeding roller 37, the capsule particles inside the placing grooves 38 can drop on the conveying belt of the packaging machine at equal intervals without the limiting effect, thereby facilitating the batch packaging of the packaging machine, other capsule sequencing processes are not needed, so that the cost can be saved, and the packaging efficiency can be improved.
Specifically, the emptying structure 4 comprises a third belt pulley 41, a second belt 42, a rotating shaft 43, a fourth belt pulley 44, a top rod 45, a rotating plate 46, a pin 47, a protecting sleeve 48, a connecting plate 49 and a first spring 49a, the third belt pulley 41 is fixed outside the roller shaft 35, the rotating shaft 43 is rotatably connected inside the fixing sleeve 1, the fourth belt pulley 44 is fixed outside the rotating shaft 43, the third belt pulley 41 and the fourth belt pulley 44 are rotatably connected through the second belt 42, the top rod 45 is fixed outside the rotating shaft 43, the rotating plate 46 is arranged inside the fixing sleeve 1, the rotating plate 46 is rotatably connected with the fixing sleeve 1 through the pin 47, the top end of the rotating plate 46 forms an included angle of 30 degrees with the top end of the fixing sleeve 1, the protecting sleeve 48 which is in an inverted 'concave' structure is fixed at the top end of the rotating plate 46, the protecting sleeve 48 is of a horn-shaped structure at one end deviating from the feeding roller 37, the connecting plates 49 are fixed at the top end of the rotating plate 46 in a mutually parallel relationship, the first spring 49a is fixed at one end deviating from the protecting sleeve 48 of the rotating plate 46, the other end of the first spring 49a is fixed on the fixed sleeve 1, when the roller shaft 35 rotates, the rotating shaft 43 can be driven to rotate by the third belt pulley 41, the second belt 42 and the fourth belt pulley 44, the ejector rod 45 is fixed outside the rotating shaft 43, because the rotating plate 46 is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve 1 by the pin 47, and the rotating plate 46 can continuously shake under the rotating action of the ejector rod 45 by the elastic action of the first spring 49a, and capsule particles entering the protecting sleeve 48 can be uniformly blanked by the shaking of the rotating plate 46, not only can all guarantee that capsule particles can all get into between every connecting plate 49, guarantee that capsule particles can get into inside the standing groove 38, but also can avoid capsule particles to block up the lag 48.
Specifically, the screening structure 5 comprises a first wedge-shaped block 51, a slide rod 52, a second wedge-shaped block 53, a fixed disc 54, a second spring 55, a filter plate 56 and a diversion plate 57, the outer part of the rotating shaft 43 is fixed with the first wedge-shaped block 51, the cross section of the first wedge-shaped block 51 is in a triangular structure, the inner part of the fixed sleeve 1 is slidably connected with the slide rod 52 with a trapezoidal cross section, one end of the slide rod 52 is fixed with the filter plate 56, the filter plate 56 and the top end of the fixed sleeve 1 form an included angle of 15 degrees, the top end of the filter plate 56 is vertically fixed with the diversion plate 57, the diversion plate 57 is provided with a plurality of diversion plates 57 which are arranged in parallel, and the vertical distance between the diversion plates 57 is smaller than two vertical distances between the connecting plates 49, and the filter plate 56 and the diversion plates 57 are both slidably connected with the fixed sleeve 1, the fixed plate 54 is fixed at the outer part of the second spring 55, the second spring 55 is clamped and fixed between the fixed plate 54 and the fixed sleeve 1, the second wedge-shaped block 53 is fixed at the outer part of the slide rod 52, the cross section of the second wedge-shaped block 53 is of a triangular structure, because the first wedge-shaped block 51 is fixed at the outer part of the rotating shaft 43, the second wedge-shaped block 53 is fixed at one end of the slide rod 52 which is connected with the fixed sleeve 1 in a sliding way, when the first wedge-shaped block 51 rotates along with the rotating shaft 43, the first wedge-shaped block 51 can not only abut against the second wedge-shaped block 53, under the action of the elastic force of the second spring 55, the reciprocating motion of the slide rod 52 can be realized, because the filter plate 56 is fixed at one end of the slide rod 52, and the filter plate 56 is connected with the fixed sleeve 1 in a sliding way, the slide rod 52 can drive the filter plate 56 to, can enough avoid the capsule granule to block up fixed cover 1's inside, can also pass through the shake of filter plate 56 shakes off remaining powder on the capsule granule, and passes through the shake of filter plate 56 can also be with even the placing of capsule granule entering between the flow distribution plate 57, guarantee that the capsule granule can get into the inside of lag 58.
Specifically, the cleaning structure 6 comprises a box body 61, an air pipe 62, an air pipe 63, an air passage 64, air outlet holes 65, a pressure lever 66, a pressure plate 67, a third spring 68 and an air bag 69, the box body 61 is of a rectangular parallelepiped structure and is internally hollow, the box body 61 is fixed at one end outside the fixing sleeve 1, the roller shaft 35 extends to the inside of the box body 61, the outside of the roller shaft 35 is fixed with the pressure lever 66, one end of the pressure lever 66 deviated from the roller shaft 35 is of an arc-shaped structure, the inside of the box body 1 is slidably connected with the pressure plate 67, the pressure plate 67 and the third spring 68 are fixedly clamped between the box bodies 1, the pressure plate 67 and the air bag 69 are fixedly clamped between the box bodies 1, the air passage 64 is arranged in the fixing sleeve 1, the three air outlet holes 65 are arranged in the fixing sleeve 1, and the air outlet holes 65 and the top end surface of the fixing sleeve 1 form an included angle of 60 degrees, the three air outlets 65 are communicated with the air passage 64, the air bag 69 is communicated with the air passage 64 through the air pipe 62, the air pipe 63 is fixed at the bottom end of the fixed sleeve 1, the pressing rod 66 can be driven to rotate through the rotation of the roller shaft 35, the pressing plate 67 is connected to the inside of the box body 61 in a sliding manner, the third spring 68 is clamped and fixed between the pressing plate 67 and the box body 61, the pressing plate 67 can reciprocate up and down in the box body 61 through the matching of the third spring 68 and the pressing rod 66, the air bag 69 clamped between the pressing plate and the box body 61 can be inflated through the up and down reciprocating motion of the pressing plate 67, the air bag 69 is communicated with the air passage 64 through the air pipe 62, and the air passage 64 is communicated with the three air outlets 65, the gas generated inside the air bag 69 is blown out from the air outlet 65, so that the capsule particles on the filter plate 56 can be cleaned, and the medicine powder on the capsule particles can be cleaned more thoroughly.
When the device is used, the baffle plate 23 used for realizing on-off of the feeding pipe 21 is arranged in the feeding pipe 21, the feeding pipe 21 can be completely intercepted due to the existence of the slot 27, the vertical plate 24 is fixed at one end of the baffle plate 23, the screw 26 penetrates through the vertical plate 24 and is in threaded connection with the vertical plate 24, and the other end of the screw 26 is in rotating connection with the feeding pipe 21, so that the baffle plate 23 can slide in the feeding pipe 21 when the screw 26 is rotated, and the gap between the feeding pipe 21 and the baffle plate 23 can be accurately controlled through the accurate rotation of the screw 26, so that the blanking flow of capsule particles can be accurately controlled, the subsequent loading and packaging are facilitated, and the device can be suitable for packaging machines with different packaging speeds; since the rotational power of the roller shaft 35 rotatably connected to the inside of the fixed sleeve 1 is supplied from the first pulley 33 via the first belt 34 to the second pulley 36, that is, when the motor 32 is operated, the roller shaft 35 is driven to rotate, and since the feeding roller 37 is fixed outside the roller shaft 35, and a plurality of rows of placement grooves 38 are provided in an annular array in the outer circumferential direction of the feeding roller 37, the capsule particles are fed in batches inside a plurality of standing grooves 38, and then by the rotation of the feeding roller 37, the capsule particles in the placing groove 38 can be rotated to the lowest end of the feeding roller 37, the capsule particles in the placing groove 38 can fall on the conveying belt of the packaging machine at equal intervals without limiting, therefore, the batch packaging of the packaging machine is convenient, other capsule sequencing procedures are not needed, the cost can be saved, and the packaging efficiency can be increased; when the roller shaft 35 rotates, the rotating shaft 43 can be driven to rotate by the third belt pulley 41, the second belt 42 and the fourth belt pulley 44, the ejector rod 45 is fixed outside the rotating shaft 43, the rotating plate 46 is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve 1 through the pin 47 and under the elastic action of the first spring 49a, the rotating plate 46 can continuously shake under the rotating action of the ejector rod 45, uniform blanking work can be realized on capsule particles entering the protective sleeve 48 through continuous shaking of the rotating plate 46, uniform capsule particles entering between every two connecting plates 49 can be ensured, the capsule particles can enter the placing groove 38, and the protective sleeve 48 can be prevented from being blocked by the capsule particles; because the first wedge-shaped block 51 is fixed outside the rotating shaft 43, the second wedge-shaped block 53 is fixed at one end of the sliding rod 52 which is connected to the fixed sleeve 1 in a sliding manner, when the first wedge-shaped block 51 rotates along with the rotating shaft 43, the first wedge-shaped block 51 can abut against the second wedge-shaped block 53, and under the action of the elastic force of the second spring 55, the reciprocating motion of the sliding rod 52 can be realized, because the filter plate 56 is fixed at one end of the sliding rod 52, and the filter plate 56 is connected with the fixed sleeve 1 in a sliding manner, the sliding rod 52 can drive the filter plate 56 to shake in the fixed sleeve 1 in a reciprocating manner, so that the capsule particles can be prevented from being blocked in the fixed sleeve 1, the residual medicinal powder on the capsule particles can be shaken off by the shaking of the filter plate 56, and can be uniformly placed between the shunting plates 57 by the shaking of the filter plate 56, and the capsule particles can be ensured to enter the protective sleeve 58; through the rotation of roller 35, can drive depression bar 66 and rotate, because there is clamp plate 67 at the inside sliding connection of box 61, and the fixed third spring 68 of centre gripping between clamp plate 67 and box 61, use through the cooperation of third spring 68 and depression bar 66, can realize clamp plate 67 up-and-down reciprocating motion in the inside of box 61, through the up-and-down reciprocating motion of clamp plate 67, just can aerify the work to the gasbag 69 of centre gripping between clamp plate and 67 box 61, because gasbag 69 communicates with each other with air flue 64 through trachea 62, and air flue 64 communicates with each other with three venthole 65, the inside gas that produces of gasbag 69 will be blown out from venthole 65, thereby can clear up the work to the capsule granule on the filter plate 56, can be with the powder clearance more thoroughly on the capsule granule.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the embodiments and descriptions given above are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a capsule production is with packagine machine automatic feed ware which characterized in that: the capsule feeding device comprises a fixed sleeve (1), an adjusting structure (2), a feeding structure (3), a discharging structure (4), a screening structure (5) and a cleaning structure (6), wherein the adjusting structure (2) for adjusting the feeding flow is connected with the top end of the fixed sleeve (1) which is connected with a conveying device of a packing machine and is provided with other parts, and the feeding structure (3) for discharging capsules is arranged in the fixed sleeve (1); the inside of fixed cover (1) sets up and is used for separating the feeding to the capsule blowing structure (4) the inside of fixed cover (1) sets up and is used for sifting out the powder on the capsule surface screening structure (5) the inside of fixed cover (1) sets up and is used for right powder on screening structure (5) clears up clearance structure (6), feed structure (3) are including mounting panel (31), motor (32), first belt pulley (33), first belt (34), roller (35), second belt pulley (36), feed roller (37) and standing groove (38), the one end of fixed cover (1) is vertical relation fixed mounting panel (31) the top of mounting panel (31) is fixed motor (32) the one end of motor (32) is fixed first belt pulley (33), the roller shaft (35) is rotatably connected to the inside of the fixed sleeve (1), the feeding roller (37) is fixed to the outside of the roller shaft (35), the feeding roller (37) is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve (1) through the roller shaft (35), a plurality of rows of placing grooves (38) are distributed on the outside of the feeding roller (37) in an annular array manner, the second belt pulley (36) is fixed to the outside of the roller shaft (35), the first belt pulley (33) and the second belt pulley (36) are rotatably connected through the first belt (34), the discharging structure (4) comprises a third belt pulley (41), a second belt pulley (42), a rotating shaft (43), a fourth belt pulley (44), a push rod (45), a rotating plate (46), a pin (47), a protecting sleeve (48), a connecting plate (49) and a first spring (49 a), the third belt pulley (41) is fixed to the outside of the roller shaft (35), the rotating shaft (43) is rotatably connected inside the fixed sleeve (1), the fourth belt pulley (44) is fixed outside the rotating shaft (43), the third belt pulley (41) is rotatably connected with the fourth belt pulley (44) through the second belt (42), the ejector rod (45) is fixed outside the rotating shaft (43), the rotating plate (46) is arranged inside the fixed sleeve (1), the rotating plate (46) is rotatably connected with the fixed sleeve (1) through the pin (47), an included angle of 30 degrees is formed between the rotating plate (46) and the top end of the fixed sleeve (1), the protecting sleeve (48) with an inverted 'concave' shaped structure is fixed at the top end of the rotating plate (46), one end of the protecting sleeve (48) departing from the feeding roller (37) is of a horn-shaped structure, and a plurality of connecting plates (49) are fixed at the top end of the rotating plate (46) in a mutually parallel relationship, the one end that the rotating plate (46) deviates from the protective sleeve (48) is fixed with the first spring (49 a), the other end of the first spring (49 a) is fixed with the fixed sleeve (1), the screening structure (5) comprises a first wedge-shaped block (51), a sliding rod (52), a second wedge-shaped block (53), a fixed disc (54), a second spring (55), a filter plate (56) and a splitter plate (57), the first wedge-shaped block (51) is fixed outside the rotating shaft (43), the cross section of the first wedge-shaped block (51) is of a triangular structure, the sliding rod (52) with a trapezoidal cross section is connected inside the fixed sleeve (1) in a sliding manner, the filter plate (56) is fixed at one end of the sliding rod (52), an included angle of 15 degrees is formed between the filter plate (56) and the top end of the fixed sleeve (1), and the splitter plate (57) is fixed at the top end of the filter plate (56) in a vertical relationship, the flow distribution plates (57) are arranged in a plurality of parallel, the flow distribution plates (57) are arranged in parallel, the vertical distance between the flow distribution plates (57) is smaller than the vertical distance between the connecting plates (49), the filter plates (56) and the flow distribution plates (57) are connected with the fixing sleeves (1) in a sliding mode, the fixing plates (54) are fixed to the outer portions of the second springs (55), the fixing plates (54) and the fixing sleeves (1) are fixedly clamped with the second springs (55), the sliding rods (52) are fixed to the outer portions of the second wedge blocks (53), the cross sections of the second wedge blocks (53) are of a triangular structure, and the cleaning structure (6) comprises a box body (61), an air pipe (62), an air pipe (63), an air passage (64), an air outlet hole (65), a pressing rod (66), a pressing plate (67), Third spring (68) and gasbag (69), be cuboid structure and inside hollow box (61) are fixed in the outside one end of fixed cover (1), roller (35) extend to the inside of box (61) the external fixation of roller (35) depression bar (66), just depression bar (66) deviate from the one end of roller (35) is the arc structure the inside sliding connection of box (61) has clamp plate (67) with the centre gripping is fixed between box (61) third spring (68) clamp plate (67) with the centre gripping is fixed between box (61) gasbag (69) the inside of fixed cover (1) sets up circularly air flue (64) the inside of fixed cover (1) is equipped with threely venthole (65), just venthole (65) all with fixed cover (1) top is personally submitted 60 contained angles, the three air outlet holes (65) are communicated with the air passage (64), the air bag (69) is communicated with the air passage (64) through the air pipe (62), and the air pipe (63) is fixed at the bottom end of the fixed sleeve (1).
2. The automatic feeder of a packaging machine for producing capsules as claimed in claim 1, wherein: adjusting structure (2) includes inlet pipe (21), hopper (22), baffle (23), riser (24), bearing (25), screw rod (26) and slot (27), is the rectangle structure inlet pipe (21) are fixed in the top of fixed cover (1) the inside of inlet pipe (21) is equipped with and is the trapezium structure slot (27) inlet pipe (21) deviate from the one end of fixed cover (1) is fixed hopper (22) the inside sliding connection of inlet pipe (21) has baffle (23) that is the rectangle structure the one end of baffle (23) is fixed in the vertical relation riser (24) be fixed on inlet pipe (21) bearing (25) the inside of bearing (25) is fixed screw rod (26), screw rod (26) pass through bearing (25) with inlet pipe (21) rotate and are connected, the screw (26) penetrates through the vertical plate (24), and the screw (26) is in threaded connection with the vertical plate (24).
CN201911209484.XA 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 Automatic feeder of packaging machine for capsule production Active CN110949697B (en)

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CN205851385U (en) * 2016-07-15 2017-01-04 山东金诺种业有限公司 A kind of corn seed pneumatic jig cleaning and sorting system
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