CN110936234A - Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm - Google Patents

Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110936234A
CN110936234A CN201911404052.4A CN201911404052A CN110936234A CN 110936234 A CN110936234 A CN 110936234A CN 201911404052 A CN201911404052 A CN 201911404052A CN 110936234 A CN110936234 A CN 110936234A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rod
aluminum guide
wheel
aluminum
frame
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Pending
Application number
CN201911404052.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨万章
马立槐
陈本松
钱红伟
李云生
朱枫
白杨
赵文海
刘少恩
邱开萍
江俊
李聪
李学优
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Yunnan Yunlv Ruixin Aluminum Co Ltd
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Yunnan Yunlv Ruixin Aluminum Co Ltd
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Application filed by Yunnan Yunlv Ruixin Aluminum Co Ltd filed Critical Yunnan Yunlv Ruixin Aluminum Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911404052.4A priority Critical patent/CN110936234A/en
Publication of CN110936234A publication Critical patent/CN110936234A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q41/00Combinations or associations of metal-working machines not directed to a particular result according to classes B21, B23, or B24

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Shearing Machines (AREA)

Abstract

An automatic production line for repairing an aluminum guide rod comprises an aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device, an aluminum guide rod pushing device, an aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device, an aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device and an automatic welding device which are sequentially arranged. The invention can reduce the labor intensity of workers, improve the production efficiency and the repair quality of the aluminum guide rod and improve the production safety.

Description

Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of aluminum electrolysis equipment, and particularly relates to an automatic production line for repairing an aluminum guide rod.
Background
In the aluminum electrolysis production process, the anode is one of the most important raw materials, and consists of an aluminum guide rod, steel claws, an explosion block and a carbon block, wherein the steel claws, the explosion block and the carbon block are respectively welded at two ends of the aluminum guide rod. In the production process of electrolytic aluminum, the aluminum guide rod is easy to be damaged by top bending and top cracking, so that straightening repair is needed. During straightening repair, the steel claws and the explosion blocks at two ends of the aluminum guide rod need to be cut off firstly, after the aluminum guide rod is straightened, a groove is formed at one end of the aluminum guide rod again, the surface of the aluminum guide rod is milled flat, and then the steel claws and the explosion blocks are welded at two ends of the aluminum guide rod respectively.
In the prior art, cutting the steel claw and the explosion block, straightening the aluminum guide rod, chamfering the end of the aluminum guide rod, milling the surface of the end of the aluminum guide rod, and re-welding the steel claw and the explosion block are respectively completed on different single devices, particularly, cutting the steel claw and the explosion block, straightening the aluminum guide rod, re-welding the steel claw and the explosion block and the like are basically completed manually, the labor intensity of workers is high, time and labor are wasted, the production efficiency is low, the quality of repairing the aluminum guide rod is difficult to control, and serious potential safety hazards exist. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a full-flow automatic production line to complete the repair work of the aluminum guide rod.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides an automatic aluminum guide rod repairing production line, so that the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the production efficiency and the aluminum guide rod repairing quality are improved, and the production safety is improved.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme.
An automatic production line for repairing an aluminum guide rod comprises an aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device, an aluminum guide rod pushing device, an aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device, an aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device and an automatic welding device which are sequentially arranged.
Furthermore, the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device comprises a support frame and a conveying material frame which are arranged in sequence, a shearing device arranged outside the support frame, a shearing auxiliary mechanism arranged in the support frame, and a first pushing oil cylinder arranged at the feeding end of the support frame; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the support frame comprises two gantry supports which are arranged in parallel, and a positioning groove component with an upward opening is arranged between top beams of the two gantry supports;
the shearing auxiliary mechanism comprises a horizontal support plate, supports arranged at two ends of the horizontal support plate, a bidirectional output worm gear device arranged on the support plate, a turnover motor arranged in the middle of the bottom of the horizontal support plate and a jacking cylinder arranged at two sides of the turnover motor and with upward push rods, a reduction box of the bidirectional output worm gear device is arranged in the middle of the horizontal support plate, worm gear output shafts respectively outputting to two sides of a worm gear are parallel to the horizontal support plate, and the outer ends of the worm gear output shafts are arranged on the supports; l-shaped turnover pieces are respectively arranged on the worm wheel output shafts on the two sides; an output shaft of the turnover motor upwards penetrates through the horizontal support plate to be connected with a central shaft of a worm wheel in the worm wheel and worm device, and a push rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the bottom surface of the horizontal support plate; the shearing auxiliary mechanism is arranged in the support frame and positioned outside the shearing positioning groove component, and a groove wall on the outer side of the positioning groove component is provided with a notch for inserting the L-shaped turnover sheet;
the shearing device has two forms, wherein the first form comprises a rack arranged outside the supporting frame and a disc saw which is arranged on the rack and can swing up and down; the second form comprises a shearing oil cylinder which is arranged at the outer side of the supporting frame and a hard alloy shearing block which is arranged at the front end of the oil cylinder, wherein the push rod faces backwards to the shearing positioning groove component;
the first pushing oil cylinder is arranged on the first base, and a push rod of the first pushing oil cylinder faces the upper portion of the supporting frame forwards in a horizontal mode.
Furthermore, a pushing mechanism for pushing the aluminum guide rod towards the direction of the shearing device is arranged on the outer side of the positioning groove component, the pushing mechanism is of a frame structure with cantilever type pressure bars on the inner side, and an upright column of the pushing mechanism can be driven by a driving mechanism to reciprocate along the bottom frame.
Further, the aluminum guide rod pushing device comprises a guide rod receiving groove arranged at the discharging end of the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device and a second pushing oil cylinder arranged at the outer end of the guide rod receiving groove; the second pushing oil cylinder is arranged on the second base, and a push rod of the second pushing oil cylinder horizontally faces forwards to the guide rod receiving groove.
Furthermore, the automatic straightening device for the aluminum guide rod comprises a rectangular frame, a horn-shaped guide inlet arranged on a front end plate of the frame, an outlet arranged on a rear end plate of the frame, a straightening working pulley block arranged in the frame and chain transmission mechanisms arranged on two sides of the frame; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the straightening working pulley block comprises two rows of transverse wheels which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged from left to right and two rows of vertical wheels which are symmetrically arranged from top to bottom and are positioned above and below the two rows of transverse wheels, the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels are arranged in the frame in a hollow cross shape, a straightening channel with two ends leading to a guide inlet and an outlet is formed between the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels and used for leading through an aluminum guide rod, and the central axes of the guide inlet, the straightening channel and the outlet are overlapped;
the chain transmission mechanism arranged on two sides of the rack is connected with one vertical wheel on the upper part for driving the upper vertical wheel, and the chain transmission mechanism on the other side is connected with one vertical wheel on the lower part for driving the lower vertical wheel.
Furthermore, the chain transmission mechanism and the chain wheel are connected in a structure that the chain wheel is sleeved at the outer end of the central wheel shaft of each vertical wheel, an annular chain is sleeved between every two adjacent chain wheels to form a chain type transmission chain, the output shaft end of a motor for driving the transmission chain is provided with the chain wheel, and the chain wheel is connected with the output shaft chain wheel of the motor and the chain wheel at one end of the vertical wheel group through the annular chain.
Furthermore, L-shaped steel plates are welded in four corners of the rack and are used for installing and fixing the central wheel shaft of the transverse wheel and the central wheel shaft of the vertical wheel; the upper end and the lower end of a central wheel shaft of the transverse wheel are respectively welded on the two L-shaped steel plates which are corresponding up and down, and the left end and the right end of a central wheel shaft of the vertical wheel are respectively welded on the two L-shaped steel plates which are corresponding left and right.
Furthermore, the number of the sliding wheels of the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels is the same.
Furthermore, the aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device consists of a beveling cutting device and a milling device; the beveling and cutting device comprises an aluminum guide rod fixing table with a conveying roller way at the top, a pressing mechanism and a turnover mechanism which are arranged on the fixing table, and a movable cutting table with a beveling saw and an end face saw, which is arranged at the front end of the fixing table; the milling device is arranged on one side of an aluminum guide rod fixing table of the beveling cutting device and comprises a vertical frame arranged on one side of the fixing table, a cutter rest arranged on the vertical frame and capable of moving back and forth along a cutter rest guide rail, and a milling cutter arranged at the bottom of the cutter rest.
Further, the automatic welding device comprises a material rack for conveying and placing an aluminum guide rod, a welding manipulator and a steel claw placing platform which are arranged on one side of the material rack, and a guide rod rotating mechanism arranged on the other side of the material rack;
the welding manipulator comprises a mechanical arm, a welding gun arranged at the front end of the mechanical arm and a first sensing device arranged on the mechanical arm;
the guide rod rotating mechanism comprises a box-shaped mounting seat, a rotating chuck seat which is arranged on the mounting seat and faces the material rack, four chucks which are symmetrically arranged around the center of the chuck and arranged on the rotating chuck seat, a driving mechanism which is arranged in the mounting seat and used for controlling the rotating of the rotating chuck seat and a driving mechanism which is used for controlling the retraction of the chucks; the clamping head is used for clamping an aluminum guide rod to be welded placed on the material rack;
a second induction device is arranged on the material rack and between the welding manipulator and the guide rod rotating mechanism; two parallel jacking cylinders are arranged below the material rack and between the welding manipulator and the guide rod rotating mechanism;
the first sensing device and the second sensing device are electrically connected with the control system.
Furthermore, the rotary chuck seat is an annular chuck seat and is arranged on the front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat, an internal gear is arranged on the back surface of the chuck seat, a main gear meshed with the internal gear is arranged in the internal gear, and the central shaft of the main gear is connected with the main shaft of a main gear driving motor arranged in the mounting seat; a worm wheel disc is arranged in the center of the chuck seat, and the central shaft of the worm wheel disc is connected with a main shaft of a worm wheel disc driving motor arranged in the mounting seat; the circular chuck seat is provided with a guide rail, the guide rail is connected with the four chucks on the chuck seat, and the bottom surface of the guide rail is assembled on the worm wheel disc through spiral teeth; and the worm wheel disc driving motor and the main gear driving motor are both electrically connected with the control system.
Furthermore, the mounting seat is mounted on the support platform, two parallel guide rails are mounted on the support platform, a screw rod parallel to the guide rails is mounted between the two guide rails, the screw rod penetrates through the bottom of the front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat and is in threaded fit connection with the front end plate, the rear end of the screw rod is connected with a main shaft of a driving motor of the mounting seat arranged in the mounting seat, and the driving motor of the mounting seat is electrically connected with the control system.
Further, the material rack is a chain conveying device.
The invention can continuously and automatically complete the work of cutting the steel claw and the explosion block, straightening the aluminum guide rod, beveling the end of the aluminum guide rod, milling the surface and welding the steel claw and the explosion block again, efficiently complete the repair work of the aluminum guide rod, save time and labor, improve the repair quality of the aluminum guide rod and greatly improve the production efficiency and the production safety.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a loading shear device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a shearing assisting mechanism of the loading shearing device;
FIG. 5 is a rear view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a worm and gear device driven by a turnover motor;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the automatic straightening device;
FIG. 8 is a rear view of the automatic straightening device;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the automatic straightening apparatus with the front end plate removed from the frame;
fig. 10 is a top view of the automatic straightening apparatus.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the beveling and milling device.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of an automatic welding apparatus from a first perspective;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the automated welding apparatus from a second perspective;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the automated welding apparatus from a third perspective;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a guide bar rotating mechanism of the automatic welding apparatus;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the guide bar rotating mechanism of the automatic welding apparatus viewed from another direction;
fig. 17 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 15.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. The automatic production line for repairing the aluminum guide rod is suitable for machining and repairing the aluminum guide rod in the aluminum electrolysis production process, but the automatic production line can not be limited to the above, and can also be used for machining and repairing other same or similar products.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the automatic production line for repairing an aluminum guide rod disclosed by the invention comprises an aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device, an aluminum guide rod pushing device, an aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device, an aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device and an automatic welding device which are sequentially arranged.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device includes a support frame 1 and a conveying frame 2 which are arranged in sequence, a shearing device 3 arranged outside the support frame, a shearing assisting mechanism 4 arranged in the support frame, and a first pushing cylinder 5 arranged at a feeding end of the support frame. The support frame 1 comprises two gantry supports which are arranged in parallel, and a positioning groove component 6 with an upward opening is arranged between top beams of the two gantry supports. The shearing auxiliary mechanism 4 comprises a horizontal support plate 45, supports 46 arranged at two ends of the horizontal support plate, a bidirectional output worm gear device arranged on the support plate, a turnover motor 44 arranged in the middle of the bottom of the horizontal support plate and jacking cylinders 43 arranged on push rods at two sides of the turnover motor in an upward mode, wherein a reduction box 41 of the bidirectional output worm gear device is arranged in the middle of the horizontal support plate, worm gear output shafts 42 respectively output to two sides of a worm gear are parallel to the horizontal support plate, and the outer ends of the worm gear output shafts are arranged on the supports 46; and L-shaped turnover pieces 47 are respectively arranged on the output shafts of the worm gears on the two sides. As shown in fig. 6, the output shaft of the turnover motor 44 passes through the horizontal support plate 45 upward and is connected with the central shaft 411a of the worm wheel 411 in the worm gear device through a coupling 48, and the push rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the bottom surface of the horizontal support plate. The shearing auxiliary mechanism 4 is arranged in the support frame and positioned outside the shearing positioning groove component 6, and a notch 61 for inserting the L-shaped turnover sheet is arranged on the groove wall of the outer side of the positioning groove component. The shearing device 3 has two forms, the first form is shown in fig. 1 and comprises a frame 31 arranged outside a support frame and a disk saw 32 which is arranged on the frame and can swing up and down. The shearing apparatus 3 shown in FIG. 1 is a prior art apparatus and is commercially available. The second form is shown in fig. 2, 3 and 5, and comprises a shearing cylinder 33 which is arranged outside the supporting frame and the push rod faces backwards to the shearing positioning groove component 6, and a hard alloy shearing block 34 which is arranged at the front end of the cylinder. The first pushing oil cylinder 5 is arranged on the first base 7, and a push rod of the first pushing oil cylinder faces the upper portion of the supporting frame forwards in a horizontal mode.
When the first shearing device shown in fig. 1 is adopted, a pushing mechanism 8 for pushing the aluminum guide rod towards the direction of the shearing device 3 is arranged outside the positioning groove member 6, the pushing mechanism is of a frame structure with a cantilever-type pressure bar 81 on the inner side, a guide rail can be arranged on a bottom frame 83 of the pushing mechanism, the upright post 82 is installed on the guide rail and can be provided with a driving mechanism for driving the upright post to reciprocate along the bottom frame 83, the aluminum guide rod is pushed to the lower part of the disc saw 32, and the pressure bar 81 presses the aluminum guide rod, so that the aluminum guide rod is prevented from tilting during cutting. Other existing structural devices can also be adopted for the pushing mechanism 8. A photoelectric sensor is arranged on a frame of the shearing device to detect whether the aluminum guide rod is conveyed in place.
The first pushing oil cylinder 5 is arranged on the first base 7, and a push rod of the first pushing oil cylinder faces the upper portion of the supporting frame forwards in a horizontal mode. The conveying rack 2 is a chain type conveying device commonly used in the prior art, conveying chains 21 are arranged on two sides of the conveying rack 2 and used for conveying sheared aluminum guide rods, and a conveying motor 22 is arranged on one side of the conveying rack 2 and used for driving the conveying chains 21 to work.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the aluminum guide rod pushing device includes a guide rod receiving groove 9 disposed at a discharging end of a conveying rack 2 of the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device, and a second pushing cylinder 10 disposed at an outer end of the guide rod receiving groove; the second pushing oil cylinder 10 is installed on the second base 11, a push rod of the second pushing oil cylinder horizontally faces forward to the guide rod receiving groove 9, and the aluminum guide rod which is cut off the steel claw and is sent from the conveying rack 2 to fall into the receiving groove 9 is pushed to a subsequent aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 7 to 10, the automatic straightening device for the aluminum guide rod comprises a rectangular frame 12, a horn-shaped guide inlet 13 formed on a front end plate of the frame, an outlet 14 formed on a rear end plate of the frame, a straightening work pulley block 15 arranged in the frame, and chain transmission mechanisms 16 arranged on two sides of the frame. The straightening working pulley block comprises two rows of transverse wheels 152 which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged left and right, and two rows of vertical wheels 151 which are symmetrically arranged up and down and positioned above and below the two rows of transverse wheels, wherein the quantity of the sliding wheels of the two rows of transverse wheels is the same as that of the sliding wheels of the two rows of vertical wheels. Two rows of transverse wheels and two rows of vertical wheels are arranged in a hollow cross shape in the rack, and an alignment channel with two ends leading to a guide inlet 13 and an outlet 14 is formed between the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels for passing through an aluminum guide rod, and the central axes of the guide inlet, the alignment channel and the outlet coincide. The chain transmission mechanism 16 is arranged on two sides of the frame, the chain transmission mechanism on one side is connected with one vertical wheel on the upper part and used for driving the upper vertical wheel, and the chain transmission mechanism on the other side is connected with one vertical wheel on the lower part and used for driving the lower vertical wheel; the trumpet-shaped guide inlet 13 of the automatic straightening device is opposite to the guide rod receiving groove 9 of the guide rod pushing device. The chain transmission mechanism 16 and the chain wheel are connected by sleeving a chain wheel 161 at the outer end of the central wheel shaft of each vertical wheel, and sleeving an annular chain 162 between every two adjacent chain wheels to form a chain type transmission chain. As shown in fig. 7, a sprocket may be installed at an output shaft end of the motor 163 for driving the driving chain, and the output shaft sprocket of the motor and a sprocket at one end of the vertical wheel set may be coupled by an endless chain. As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the output shaft of the motor 163 may be coupled to the center wheel shaft of the vertical wheel via a coupling. L-shaped steel plates 17 are welded in four corners of the frame 12 and used for mounting and fixing a center wheel shaft 152a of a transverse wheel and mounting and fixing a center wheel shaft 151a of a vertical wheel; the upper and lower ends of the horizontal wheel center wheel axle 152a are respectively welded on the two corresponding L-shaped steel plates, and the left and right ends of the vertical wheel center wheel axle 151a are respectively welded on the two corresponding L-shaped steel plates.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 11, the beveling and milling device for the aluminum guide rod is composed of a beveling cutting device and a milling device. The beveling and cutting device comprises an aluminum guide rod fixing table 18 with a conveying roller table 181 at the top, a pressing mechanism 19 and a turnover mechanism 20 which are arranged on the fixing table, and a movable cutting table 21 which is arranged at the front end of the fixing table and is provided with a beveling saw 211 and an end face saw 212. The grooving and cutting device is a device (an aluminum guide rod sawing all-in-one machine) in the prior art disclosed by Chinese patents ZL201610985884.X and ZL 201621208924.1. The milling device 22 is disposed on one side of the aluminum guide bar fixing table 18 of the beveling and cutting device, and includes a vertical frame 221 mounted on one side of the fixing table 18, a tool rest 223 mounted on the vertical frame and capable of reciprocating along a tool rest guide rail 222, and a milling cutter 224 mounted on the bottom of the tool rest.
A pushing device can be arranged beside the beveling and milling device for pushing the aluminum guide rod which is subjected to beveling and milling operation to a subsequent automatic welding device. For example, two horizontal air cylinders may be provided outside the stand 221 of the milling device, and the push rods of the air cylinders pass through the through holes 225 on the stand to push the aluminum guide rods to the racks of the automatic welding device.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, and 12 to 17, the automatic welding device includes a rack 23 for conveying and placing aluminum guide rods, a welding manipulator 24 and a steel claw placing platform 25 disposed on one side of the rack, and a guide rod rotating mechanism 26 disposed on the other side of the rack. The welding robot 24 includes a robot arm 241, a welding torch 242 mounted at a front end of the robot arm, and a first sensing device 243 mounted on the robot arm. The guide rod rotating mechanism 26 comprises a box-shaped mounting seat 161, a rotating chuck seat 262 which is mounted on the mounting seat and faces the material rack 23, four chucks 264 which are mounted on the rotating chuck seat 262 and symmetrically arranged around the center of the chucks, a driving mechanism which is mounted in the mounting seat and used for controlling the rotating chuck seat 262 to rotate and a driving mechanism which is used for controlling the chucks 264 to retract and release; the clamping heads 264 are used for clamping the aluminum guide rods to be welded on the material rest 23. A second induction device 233 is provided on the stack between the welding robot 24 and the guide bar rotation mechanism 26. Two parallel jacking cylinders 234 are arranged below the material rack and between the welding manipulator and the guide rod rotating mechanism. The rotary chuck seat 262 is a circular chuck seat and is mounted on the front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat 261, an internal gear 269 is mounted on the back of the chuck seat, a main gear 265 meshed with the internal gear is arranged in the internal gear, and the central shaft of the main gear is connected with the main shaft of a main gear driving motor 266 arranged in the mounting seat. A worm wheel disc 267 is installed at the center of the chuck seat, and the central shaft of the worm wheel disc is connected with the main shaft of a worm wheel disc driving motor 268 arranged in the installation seat. The circular chuck seat 262 is provided with a guide rail 260 which is connected with four chucks 264 on the chuck seat, and the bottom surface of the guide rail is assembled on the worm wheel disc through spiral teeth. The mounting seat is mounted on the support platform 27, two parallel guide rails 271 are mounted on the support platform, a screw 272 parallel to the guide rails is mounted between the two guide rails, the screw penetrates through the bottom of the front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat 261 and is in threaded fit connection with the front end plate, the rear end of the screw is connected with a main shaft of a mounting seat driving motor 263 arranged in the mounting seat, and the mounting seat driving motor 263 is electrically connected with a control system. The material rack 23 is a chain type conveying device commonly used in the prior art, and the conveying chain 231 is driven by a driving motor 232.
The automatic control system is controlled by a PLC automatic control system to work, and all power parts and sensing devices on a production line, such as a first pushing oil cylinder 5, a shearing oil cylinder 33, a turnover motor 44, a jacking air cylinder 43, a conveying motor 22, a first sensing device 243, a second sensing device 233, a driving motor 232, a mounting seat driving motor 263, a worm wheel disc driving motor 268, a main gear driving motor 266, a photoelectric sensor on a cutting device, a driving mechanism of a pressing mechanism 19 and a driving mechanism of a turnover mechanism 20 of a beveling cutting device, a driving mechanism of a movable cutting table 21, a beveling saw 211 and an end face saw 212, a tool rest 223 of a milling device 22, a driving mechanism of a milling tool 224 and the like are electrically connected with the automatic control system.
The operation of the present invention is further described below.
Example 1
A field worker operates a crown block to transfer an aluminum guide rod A to be repaired with a steel claw B to the aluminum guide rod loading and shearing device shown in figure 1 to be transversely placed, the aluminum guide rod is conveyed beside the shearing device 3 under the driving of the conveying rack 2, and after a photoelectric sensor on the shearing device detects that the aluminum guide rod is in place, a control system controls the conveying rack to stop moving forwards. Then, the pushing mechanism 8 is actuated to push the aluminum guide bar toward the position below the disc saw 32 and to press the aluminum guide bar by the pressing bar 81. Then the shearing device starts to act and drives the disc saw 32 to move downwards under the driving of the driving oil cylinder, and the steel claw B is cut off. And (5) finishing cutting the steel claw. The shearing device ascends to return, and the pushing mechanism 8 also retreats. Then, the conveying rack 2 acts to convey the aluminum guide rod with the steel claw cut off to a guide rod receiving groove 9 falling into an aluminum guide rod pushing device, the aluminum guide rod is pushed to a subsequent aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device by a second pushing oil cylinder 10 and enters from a horn-shaped guide inlet 13 of the aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device, a motor 163 arranged at two sides of the rack drives a chain wheel and chain rotating mechanism 16 to rotate, and the chain wheel and chain rotating mechanism drives an upper vertical wheel and a lower vertical wheel to rotate; the aluminum guide rod moves forwards under the drive of two groups of vertical wheels (driving wheels), in the process, the aluminum guide rod is extruded by four groups of working pulleys of two groups of vertical wheels and two groups of transverse wheels simultaneously and then straightened, the aluminum guide rod is sent out from an outlet 14 to enter an aluminum guide rod fixing table 18 of a subsequent beveling cutting device, after being pressed by a pressing mechanism 19 on the fixing table, the aluminum guide rod is firstly moved to and fro along the length direction of the aluminum guide rod by a milling cutter 224 of a beveling device 22, the top surface of the aluminum guide rod is beveled, then the aluminum guide rod is jacked up and turned over for 90 degrees by a turnover mechanism 20 and then falls down, then the aluminum guide rod is beveled by the milling cutter, the aluminum guide rod is turned over to the second surface of the top surface, and then the aluminum guide rod and beveling are turned over continuously. After the milling operation is finished, the aluminum guide rod is conveyed to the movable cutting table 21 by the conveying roller table 181, the end of the aluminum guide rod is sawn flat by the end face saw 212, the upper surface and the lower surface of the end of the aluminum guide rod are beveled by the bevel saw 211, the aluminum guide rod is jacked up and turned over for 90 degrees by the turning mechanism 20, and the upper surface and the lower surface of the turned aluminum guide rod are beveled by the bevel saw 211, so that the beveling operation of four surfaces of the end of the aluminum guide rod is finished. Then, the aluminum guide bar a is pushed out from the mobile cutting table, sent to a subsequent automatic welding device, conveyed by the material rack 23 to a position between the material rack and the guide bar rotating mechanism 26 and aligned with the steel claw B placed on the platform 25, after the second sensing device 233 on the material rack senses that the aluminum guide bar to be welded is in place, information is transmitted to the control system, the control system starts the mounting seat driving motor 263 to drive the lead screw 272 to rotate to drive the mounting seat to advance, so that the four opened clamping heads 264 surround the aluminum guide bar. Then, the worm wheel drive motor 268 is started to drive the worm wheel 267 to rotate for an angle, so that the four chucks synchronously move towards the center of the worm wheel, and the chucks clamp the aluminum guide rod. Then the welding manipulator 1 starts to weld the first surface (top surface) of the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw, after the first sensing device 243 on the welding manipulator senses that the welding of the first surface is completed, the first sensing device transmits information to the control system, the control system immediately controls the main gear driving motor 266 to start, controls the aluminum guide rod to ascend by a section of height through the jacking oil cylinder 234, and drives the inner gear 269 to move through the main gear 265 so as to drive the chuck seat 262 to rotate, controls the rotation angle to be 90 degrees through the control system, so that the chuck clamps the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw which is primarily welded to integrally rotate, and overturns the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw by 90 degrees. Then the welding manipulator continues to weld the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw to the second surface of the top surface in a turnover manner; after the welding of the second surface is completed, the first sensing device transmits information to the control system, the control system controls the rotary chuck seat to rotate by 90 degrees, the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw rotate by one surface to be welded, and the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw are turned over and welded alternately until the four surfaces, connected with each other, of the aluminum guide rod and the steel claw are welded completely. After the four surfaces are welded, the rotating chuck loosens the aluminum guide rod, the rotating chuck seat returns, the jacking oil cylinder controls the aluminum guide rod to descend and return, the aluminum guide rod with the welded steel claw is placed on the material rack 23, the four chucks are loosened, the guide rod rotating mechanism returns to the original position, and the next working instruction is waited. The conveying chain 231 conveys the welded aluminum guide rod to the next station, and the whole operation flow is finished.
The aluminum guide rod to be repaired is fed into the aluminum guide rod to be repaired continuously according to the operation flow, so that the aluminum guide rod can be repaired continuously and efficiently, and the stable repairing quality is ensured. The automatic production line for repairing the aluminum guide rod is automatically controlled by a PLC, manual intervention is needed only when the system fails and stops, and the safe production of the high-efficiency automatic production line can be realized.
Example 2
The on-site worker operates a crown block to transfer an aluminum guide rod A to be repaired, which is provided with a steel claw B, onto the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device shown in figure 2, and transversely place the aluminum guide rod A on the support frame 1; starting the jacking cylinder 43, jacking the horizontal support plate 45, and jacking the two L-shaped turnover pieces to enable the bearing surfaces to be flush with the top surface of the support frame 1; then, starting the first pushing oil cylinder 5, pushing the aluminum guide rod to the L-shaped turnover sheet 47, and converting the aluminum guide rod into the aluminum guide rod A to be sheared by the shearing auxiliary mechanism 4; then the jacking cylinder push rod 43 descends, and the shearing aluminum guide rod falls into the groove of the shearing positioning groove component 6; and starting the shearing oil cylinder 33, pushing a push rod of the shearing oil cylinder to push towards the aluminum guide rod, and shearing and separating the steel claw B and the aluminum guide rod A through the hard alloy shearing block 34. And then, the push rod of the jacking cylinder 43 rises again until the two L-shaped turnover pieces jack up the bearing surfaces to be flush with the top surface of the support frame, the turnover motor 44 is started, the turnover motor drives the worm gear device to operate, the turnover pieces 47 rotate 90 degrees through the worm gear output shafts 42 on two sides, the sheared aluminum guide rod is placed at one end, close to the conveying material frame, of the support frame, then the push rod of the jacking cylinder 43 descends, the pushing oil cylinder 5 acts, and the sheared aluminum guide rod is pushed to the conveying material frame 2. And then, the conveying rack 2 acts to convey the aluminum guide rod with the steel claw cut off to a guide rod receiving groove 9 falling into the aluminum guide rod pushing device, and the aluminum guide rod is pushed to a subsequent aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device by a second pushing oil cylinder 10. The subsequent working procedure was the same as in example 1.
The above disclosure is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention, therefore, the present invention is not limited by the appended claims.

Claims (13)

1. The utility model provides an automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm which characterized in that: the automatic aluminum guide rod straightening and beveling device comprises an aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device, an aluminum guide rod pushing device, an aluminum guide rod automatic straightening device, an aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device and an automatic welding device which are sequentially arranged.
2. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 1, wherein: the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device comprises a support frame (1) and a conveying rack (2) which are arranged in sequence, a shearing device (3) arranged on the outer side of the support frame, a shearing auxiliary mechanism (4) arranged in the support frame, and a first pushing oil cylinder (5) arranged at the feeding end of the support frame; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the support frame (1) comprises two gantry supports which are arranged in parallel, and a positioning groove component (6) with an upward opening is arranged between top beams of the two gantry supports;
the shearing auxiliary mechanism (4) comprises a horizontal support plate (45), supports (46) arranged at two ends of the horizontal support plate, a bidirectional output worm gear device arranged on the support plate, a turnover motor (44) arranged in the middle of the bottom of the horizontal support plate and jacking cylinders (43) arranged on two sides of the turnover motor and with upward push rods, wherein a reduction box (41) of the bidirectional output worm gear device is arranged in the middle of the horizontal support plate, worm gear output shafts (42) respectively outputting to two sides of a worm gear are parallel to the horizontal support plate, and the outer ends of the worm gear output shafts are arranged on the supports (46); l-shaped turnover pieces (47) are respectively arranged on the output shafts of the worm gears on the two sides; an output shaft of the turnover motor (44) upwards passes through a horizontal support plate (45) to be connected with a central shaft (411a) of a worm wheel (411) in the worm and gear device, and a push rod of the jacking cylinder is connected with the bottom surface of the horizontal support plate; the shearing auxiliary mechanism (4) is arranged in the support frame and positioned at the outer side of the shearing positioning groove component (6), and a groove opening (61) for inserting the L-shaped turnover sheet is formed in the groove wall at the outer side of the positioning groove component;
the shearing device (3) has two forms, wherein the first form comprises a rack (31) arranged outside the supporting frame and a disc saw (32) which is arranged on the rack and can swing up and down; the second form comprises a shearing oil cylinder (33) which is arranged outside the supporting frame and the push rod faces backwards to the shearing positioning groove component (6), and a hard alloy shearing block (34) which is arranged at the front end of the oil cylinder;
the first pushing oil cylinder (5) is arranged on the first base (7), and a push rod of the first pushing oil cylinder faces the upper portion of the supporting frame forwards in the horizontal direction.
3. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 2, wherein: and a pushing mechanism (8) for pushing the aluminum guide rod towards the direction of the shearing device (3) is arranged on the outer side of the positioning groove component (6), the pushing mechanism is of a frame structure with a cantilever type pressure bar (81) on the inner side, and an upright post (82) of the pushing mechanism can be driven by a driving mechanism to reciprocate along a bottom frame (83).
4. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 1, wherein: the aluminum guide rod pushing device comprises a guide rod receiving groove (9) arranged at the discharging end of the aluminum guide rod feeding and shearing device and a second pushing oil cylinder (10) arranged at the outer end of the guide rod receiving groove; the second pushing oil cylinder (10) is installed on the second base (11), and a push rod of the second pushing oil cylinder horizontally faces forwards to the guide rod receiving groove (9).
5. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 1, wherein: the automatic straightening device for the aluminum guide rod comprises a rectangular frame (12), a horn-shaped guide inlet (13) formed in a front end plate of the frame, an outlet (14) formed in a rear end plate of the frame, a straightening working pulley block (15) arranged in the frame and chain transmission mechanisms (16) arranged on two sides of the frame; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the straightening working pulley block comprises two rows of transverse wheels (152) which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged from left to right and two rows of vertical wheels (151) which are symmetrically arranged from top to bottom and are positioned above and below the two rows of transverse wheels, the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels are arranged in the frame in a hollow cross shape, a straightening channel with two ends leading to a guide inlet (13) and an outlet (14) is formed between the two rows of transverse wheels and the two rows of vertical wheels and used for passing through an aluminum guide rod, and the central axes of the guide inlet, the straightening channel and the outlet are overlapped;
the chain transmission mechanism (16) arranged on two sides of the rack is connected with one vertical wheel on the upper part for driving the upper vertical wheel, and the chain transmission mechanism on the other side is connected with one vertical wheel on the lower part for driving the lower vertical wheel.
6. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 5, wherein: the chain transmission mechanism (16) and the chain wheel are connected in a structure that the chain wheel (161) is sleeved at the outer end of a central wheel shaft of each vertical wheel, an annular chain (162) is sleeved between every two adjacent chain wheels to form a chain-link type transmission chain, the chain wheel is installed at the output shaft end of a motor (163) for driving the transmission chain, and the chain wheel is connected with the output shaft chain wheel of the motor and the chain wheel at one end of the vertical wheel set through the annular chain.
7. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 5, wherein: l-shaped steel plates (17) are welded in four corners of the frame (12) and are used for mounting and fixing a center wheel shaft (152a) of a transverse wheel and mounting and fixing a center wheel shaft (151a) of a vertical wheel; the upper end and the lower end of a transverse wheel center wheel shaft (152a) are respectively welded on the two L-shaped steel plates which are corresponding up and down, and the left end and the right end of a vertical wheel center wheel shaft (151a) are respectively welded on the two L-shaped steel plates which are corresponding left and right.
8. The automatic production line for repairing aluminum guide rods as claimed in claim 5, 6 or 7, wherein: the quantity of the sliding wheels of the two rows of transverse wheels is the same as that of the two rows of vertical wheels.
9. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 1, wherein: the aluminum guide rod beveling and milling device consists of a beveling cutting device and a milling device; the beveling and cutting device comprises an aluminum guide rod fixing table (18) with a conveying roller way (181) at the top, a pressing mechanism (19) and a turnover mechanism (20) which are arranged on the fixing table, and a movable cutting table (21) which is arranged at the front end of the fixing table and is provided with a beveling saw (211) and an end face saw (212); the milling device (22) is arranged on one side of an aluminum guide rod fixing table (18) of the beveling cutting device and comprises a vertical frame (221) arranged on one side of the fixing table (18), a cutter rest (223) which is arranged on the vertical frame and can reciprocate along a cutter rest guide rail (222), and a milling cutter (224) arranged at the bottom of the cutter rest.
10. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 1, wherein: the automatic welding device comprises a material rack (23) for conveying and placing aluminum guide rods, a welding manipulator (24) and a steel claw placing platform (25) which are arranged on one side of the material rack, and a guide rod rotating mechanism (26) which is arranged on the other side of the material rack;
the welding manipulator (24) comprises a mechanical arm (241), a welding gun (242) arranged at the front end of the mechanical arm and a first induction device (243) arranged on the mechanical arm;
the guide rod rotating mechanism (26) comprises a box-shaped mounting seat (161), a rotating chuck seat (262) which is arranged on the mounting seat and faces the material rack (23), four chucks (264) which are symmetrically arranged around the center of the chuck and arranged on the rotating chuck seat (262), a driving mechanism which is arranged in the mounting seat and used for controlling the rotating chuck seat (262) to rotate and a driving mechanism which is used for controlling the chucks (264) to retract and release; the clamping head (264) is used for clamping an aluminum guide rod to be welded placed on the material rack (23);
a second induction device (233) is arranged on the material rack and between the welding manipulator (24) and the guide rod rotating mechanism (26); two parallel jacking cylinders (234) are arranged below the material rack and between the welding manipulator and the guide rod rotating mechanism;
the first sensing device (243) and the second sensing device (233) are both electrically connected with the control system.
11. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line of claim 10, wherein: the rotary chuck seat (262) is a circular chuck seat and is arranged on the front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat (261), an internal gear (269) is arranged on the back surface of the chuck seat, a main gear (265) meshed with the internal gear is arranged in the internal gear, and the central shaft of the main gear is connected with the main shaft of a main gear driving motor (266) arranged in the mounting seat; a worm wheel disc (267) is arranged at the center of the chuck seat, and the central shaft of the worm wheel disc is connected with a main shaft of a worm wheel disc driving motor (268) arranged in the mounting seat; a guide rail (260) is arranged on the circular-ring-shaped chuck seat (262), the guide rail is connected with four chucks (264) on the chuck seat, and the bottom surface of the guide rail is assembled on the worm wheel disc through spiral teeth; the worm wheel disc drive motor (268) and the main gear drive motor (266) are both electrically connected with the control system.
12. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line as claimed in claim 10 or 11, wherein: the mounting seat is mounted on a supporting table (27), two parallel guide rails (271) are mounted on the supporting table, a screw rod (272) parallel to the guide rails is mounted between the two guide rails, the screw rod penetrates through the bottom of a front end plate of the box-shaped mounting seat (261) and is in threaded fit connection with the front end plate, the rear end of the screw rod is connected with a main shaft of a mounting seat driving motor (263) arranged in the mounting seat, and the mounting seat driving motor (263) is electrically connected with a control system.
13. The aluminum guide bar repairing automatic production line as claimed in claim 10 or 11, wherein: the material rest (23) is a chain type conveying device.
CN201911404052.4A 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm Pending CN110936234A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911404052.4A CN110936234A (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911404052.4A CN110936234A (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110936234A true CN110936234A (en) 2020-03-31

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ID=69913276

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911404052.4A Pending CN110936234A (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Automatic production line is restoreed to aluminium guide arm

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110936234A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111843484A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-10-30 中铝智能科技发展有限公司 Automatic repairing method and production line for aluminum electrolysis anode guide rod
CN117840256A (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-09 山东莱芜科瑞迪汽车配件有限公司 Automobile leaf spring unloading alignment equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111843484A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-10-30 中铝智能科技发展有限公司 Automatic repairing method and production line for aluminum electrolysis anode guide rod
CN117840256A (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-09 山东莱芜科瑞迪汽车配件有限公司 Automobile leaf spring unloading alignment equipment
CN117840256B (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-30 山东莱芜科瑞迪汽车配件有限公司 Automobile leaf spring unloading alignment equipment

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