CN110933990A - Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash - Google Patents

Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110933990A
CN110933990A CN201911223895.4A CN201911223895A CN110933990A CN 110933990 A CN110933990 A CN 110933990A CN 201911223895 A CN201911223895 A CN 201911223895A CN 110933990 A CN110933990 A CN 110933990A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
roller
blade
handle
shaped blade
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911223895.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黎书文
杨海诚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guizhou Institute of Technology
Original Assignee
Guizhou Institute of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou Institute of Technology filed Critical Guizhou Institute of Technology
Priority to CN201911223895.4A priority Critical patent/CN110933990A/en
Publication of CN110933990A publication Critical patent/CN110933990A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/22Baskets or bags attachable to the picker

Abstract

The invention discloses a handheld pepper picker which limits pepper branches through a feeding opening and then realizes pepper harvesting through the combing and brushing effect of a roller; the specific working principle is as follows: the motor outputs power, the power is transmitted to the transmission shaft through the universal joint 9 and is transmitted to the shaft I through the universal joint 11, the shaft I transmits the power to the shaft II through the worm gear, a roller is fixed on the shaft II, and the roller pushes Chinese prickly ash fed into the picker to a cutting area of zigzag blades sliding downwards in a staggered manner; the blade 3 is fixed on the frame, the blade 4 can slide horizontally along the blade 3, the blade 3 and the blade 4 slide in a staggered manner to shear the pepper fruits brushed by the roller, and the sheared pepper falls into a collecting box below through a material barrel at the front end of the handle. When the collected peppers are full, the collected peppers can be collected continuously through the unloading collecting box, so that uninterrupted operation is realized, and the collecting efficiency is improved.

Description

Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a handheld pepper picker.
Background
The pepper is mainly planted on hills, shores and ground, and the pepper industry becomes a new economic growth point for farmers to become rich in special areas; however, the harvest of the pepper has higher agricultural requirements, and the pepper can not damage leaves, buds and branches, and needs to be harvested at proper time; the picking is very difficult because of the long extension of the branches, the thorns and the small fruits. The plum bin and the like develop a simple tool similar to a lengthened scissors to pick the pepper at the high branches; the field civilian and the like research and develop a multifunctional Chinese prickly ash picking machine, and Chinese prickly ash picking is realized in an electric scissor mode; although the arms of the machine are protected from being scratched to a certain extent, the efficiency of the machine is still low, the machine is easy to hurt pepper trees, the production reduction of pepper and even the death of pepper branches in the next year are caused, and moreover, a collection device is not arranged, so that the pepper collection is difficult to a certain degree.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a handheld pepper picker, which provides a beneficial reference for mechanized harvesting of peppers by designing structures such as a picking device, a transmission device, a collecting device and the like of a whole machine so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a hand-held pepper picker comprises a picking head, a handle and a collecting box, wherein the handle is positioned between the picking head and the collecting box and is sequentially connected with the picking head and the collecting box;
the picking head comprises a rack, a motor frame is arranged at the tail end in the rack, a motor is installed in the motor frame, a roller is arranged at the front part in the rack, a shaft II is arranged in the roller, a turbine is fixedly arranged on one side of the shaft II, a fixed sawtooth-shaped blade is arranged at a feeding port of the rack in front of the roller, sliding sawtooth-shaped blades are correspondingly arranged beside the fixed sawtooth-shaped blade, and the sliding sawtooth-shaped blades are embedded into a limiting groove to enable the sliding sawtooth-shaped blades to reciprocate only in the direction of the fixed sawtooth-shaped blade; a worm is arranged right below the turbine, the tail end of the worm is connected with a shaft I, a transmission shaft is arranged between the shaft I and the motor, and two ends of the transmission shaft are respectively connected with the motor and the shaft I through universal joints to realize torque transmission; the front end of the worm and the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade realize reciprocating motion of the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade by arranging a crank rocker or a crank slider mechanism; an outlet is arranged at the lower side of the rack right below the roller;
the handle comprises a front thin-wall shell, a rear thin-wall shell and a switch, the front end of the handle is provided with a through groove which corresponds to the outlet in a connecting way, and the tail end of the handle is provided with the switch which is connected with the motor through a circuit;
the collecting box is a barrel-shaped composite curved surface shell with an upper closed end; the inlet of the collecting box is connected with the through groove on the handle correspondingly.
Preferably, the upper housing is provided at an upper side of the housing to facilitate installation or maintenance of components within the housing.
Preferably, bearing seats are arranged on the machine frame on two sides of the shaft II.
Preferably, the roll is connected with the shaft II through a key, and at least 2 blocking strips are symmetrically distributed on the roller to realize that the prickly ash is pulled down when the roller rotates.
Compared with the prior art, the Chinese prickly ash harvesting machine has the advantages that the Chinese prickly ash branches are limited through the feeding opening, and then Chinese prickly ash harvesting is realized through the combing and brushing effect of the roller; the motor outputs power, the power is transmitted to the transmission shaft through the universal joint and is transmitted to the shaft I through the universal joint 11, the shaft I transmits the power to the shaft II through the worm gear, a roller is fixed on the shaft II, and the roller pushes Chinese prickly ash fed into the picker to a cutting area of zigzag blades sliding downwards in a staggered manner; the blade 3 is fixed on the frame, the blade 4 can slide horizontally along the blade 3, the blade 3 and the blade 4 slide in a staggered manner to shear the pepper fruits brushed by the roller, and the sheared pepper falls into a collecting box below through a material barrel at the front end of the handle. When the collected peppers are full, the collected peppers can be collected continuously through the unloading collecting box, so that uninterrupted operation is realized, and the collecting efficiency is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sliding blade displacement diagram;
FIG. 3 is a graph of sliding blade speed;
FIG. 4 is a graphical illustration of drive motor angular velocity;
fig. 5 is a simulation diagram of the working process of the pepper picking machine.
In the figure: 1. the machine frame 2, the worm 3, the fixed saw-tooth blade 4, the sliding saw-tooth blade 5, the worm wheel 6, the roller 7, the bearing seat 8, the upper shell 9, the universal joint 10, the transmission shaft 11, the universal joint 12, the motor frame 13, the motor 14, the motor frame fixing plate 15, the switch 16, the handle 17, the pin shaft 18 and the collecting box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention provides a technical solution: a hand-held pepper picker comprises a picking head, a handle and a collecting box 18, wherein the handle is positioned between the picking head and the collecting box 18 and is sequentially connected with the picking head and the collecting box 18;
the picking head comprises a rack 1, a motor frame 2 is arranged at the tail end in the rack, a motor 13 is arranged in a motor frame 12, a roller 7 is arranged at the front part in the rack 1, a shaft II is arranged in the roller 7, a turbine is fixedly arranged on one side of the shaft II, a fixed sawtooth-shaped blade 3 is arranged at a feeding port of the rack 1 in front of the roller 7, a sliding sawtooth-shaped blade 4 is correspondingly arranged beside the fixed sawtooth-shaped blade 3, and the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade 4 is embedded into a limit groove to ensure that the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade 4 can only reciprocate in the direction of the fixed sawtooth-shaped blade 3; a worm 2 is arranged right below the turbine, the tail end of the worm 2 is connected with a shaft I, a transmission shaft 10 is arranged between the shaft I and the motor, and two ends of the transmission shaft 10 are respectively connected with a motor 13 and the shaft I through universal joints 9 and 11 to realize torque transmission; the front end of the worm and the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade 4 realize the reciprocating motion of the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade 4 by arranging a crank rocker or a crank slider mechanism; an outlet is arranged at the lower side of the frame 1 right below the roller 7;
the handle comprises a front thin-wall shell, a rear thin-wall shell and a switch 15, wherein the front end of the handle is provided with a through groove which corresponds to the outlet in a connecting way, the tail end of the handle is provided with the switch 15, and the switch 15 is connected with the motor 13 through a circuit; the collecting box 18 is a barrel-shaped compound curved surface shell with an upper closing-up part; the inlet of the collecting box is connected with the through groove on the handle correspondingly.
The upper shell 8 is arranged on the upper side of the rack 1, so that components in the rack 1 can be conveniently installed or maintained; bearing seats 7 are arranged on the machine frame 1 at two sides of the shaft II; the roll is connected with the shaft II through a key, and at least 2 stop bars are symmetrically distributed on the roller 7 to realize that the prickly ash can be pulled down by the stop bars when the roller rotates.
The working principle is as follows: the pepper picker limits pepper branches through a feeding opening, and then realizes pepper harvesting through the combing and brushing effect of the roller; the specific working principle is as follows: the motor outputs power, the power is transmitted to the transmission shaft through the universal joint 9 and is transmitted to the shaft I through the universal joint 11, the shaft I transmits the power to the shaft II through the worm gear, a roller is fixed on the shaft II, and the roller pushes Chinese prickly ash fed into the picker to a cutting area of zigzag blades sliding downwards in a staggered manner; the blade 3 is fixed on the frame, the blade 4 can slide horizontally along the blade 3, the blade 3 and the blade 4 slide in a staggered manner to shear the pepper fruits brushed by the roller, and the sheared pepper falls into a collecting box below through a material barrel at the front end of the handle. When the collected peppers are full, the collected peppers can be collected continuously through the unloading collecting box, so that uninterrupted operation is realized, and the collecting efficiency is improved.
When making it concretely
1. The whole structure design: the device selects SolidWorks three-dimensional drawing software to carry out three-dimensional modeling on the product, and simplifies modeling steps as much as possible in the modeling process in order to realize good assembly and ideal model effect; the electric hand-held pepper picker mainly comprises an upper part, a middle part and a lower part. The upper end is the product function execution part (picking head), which is also the key content of the design, the middle is the hand-held structure part of the picking device, and the lower end is the collecting device of the picking device.
1.1, picking head design: the picking head is an execution part of the device and comprises a frame, a fixed sawtooth-shaped blade, a sliding sawtooth-shaped blade, a bearing seat, a roller, a worm wheel, a worm, a stepped shaft I, a stepped shaft II, a bearing, a universal joint, a transmission shaft and the like. The picking head is arranged at the front end of the machine body close to the feeding port and is connected and fixed through self-tapping screws.
1.2, designing a handle: the handle consists of a front thin-wall shell, a rear thin-wall shell and a switch, the front thin-wall shell and the rear thin-wall shell are connected by using self-tapping screws, and a power switch is arranged at the forefinger position of the handle; a through hole is arranged below the collecting box, the pin shaft is inserted when the collecting box is installed, and the cotter pin is inserted at the other end of the collecting box to fix the collecting box.
1.3, design of a collection box: the collecting box is a barrel-shaped composite curved surface shell with an upper part closed, and is arranged below the handle.
1.4, designing other parts: the parts mainly comprise a cross countersunk head bolt, a cross countersunk head self-tapping screw, a nut, a flat washer, a pin shaft, a cotter pin and the like, and only reasonable type selection is needed.
2. Virtual assembly of a prototype: after the solid modeling of each part is completed, the constraint relation provided in the assembly simulation function of the SolidWorks is used for realizing the virtual assembly of the product, so that a series of auxiliary designs such as interference check, dynamic simulation, assembly flow, motion simulation and the like can be carried out at a later stage.
The parts required by assembly comprise a rack, a fixed sawtooth-shaped blade, a sliding sawtooth-shaped blade, a bearing seat, a roller, a worm wheel, a worm, a stepped shaft I, a stepped shaft II, a bearing, a universal joint, a transmission shaft, an installation plate, a picking head, a handle, a switch, a collection box, 4 cross countersunk head bolts, 8 cross countersunk head self-tapping screws, 4 nuts, 4 plain washers, 1 pin shaft, 1 cotter pin and the like.
The assembly scheme sequence is as follows: 1) assembling an execution component; 2) assembling a power driving component; 3) assembling a picking head; 4) assembling a handle; 5) assembling a collection box; 6) and (5) assembling a pepper picker.
The specific assembly process is as follows:
1) assembling an execution component: the assembly of a rack, a fixed sawtooth-shaped blade, a sliding sawtooth-shaped blade, a bearing seat, a roller, a worm wheel, a worm, a stepped shaft I, a stepped shaft II, a bearing and a universal joint;
2) assembling a power driving part: assembling a universal shaft 2, a motor frame and a mounting plate for connecting and positioning the motor frame;
3) assembling a picking head: assembling a front thin-wall shell, a rear thin-wall shell, an execution component and a power driving component;
4) assembling a handle: assembling a front thin-wall curved surface shell and a rear thin-wall curved surface shell and a switch;
5) assembling a collection box: assembling a collecting box, a pin shaft and a split pin;
6) and (5) assembling a pepper picker.
3. Motion simulation analysis
The SolidWorks/Motion is parameterized three-dimensional solid modeling software based on Windows environment, can carry out accurate simulation and Motion unit analysis on an assembly body, uses a dynamics solver with strong computing capability in the Motion analysis, considers material properties, mass and inertia in the calculation, can complete the calculation in the aspects of force, spring, damping, friction and the like, and can draw a relevant curve for further analysis.
3.1. Simulating the working process: the simulation conditions of the working process of the pepper picker are shown in fig. 2, 3, 4 and 5;
where details not described in this specification are known to those skilled in the art, it is to be understood that the terms "central", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for simplicity of description only, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the scope of the invention.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash which characterized in that: comprises a picking head, a handle and a collecting box (18), wherein the handle is positioned between the picking head and the collecting box (18) and is connected in sequence;
the picking head comprises a rack (1), a motor frame (2) is arranged at the tail end inside the rack, a motor (13) is installed in the motor frame (12), a roller (7) is arranged at the front part inside the rack (1), a shaft II is arranged in the roller (7), a turbine is fixedly arranged on one side of the shaft II, a fixed saw-tooth-shaped blade (3) is arranged at a feeding port of the rack (1) in front of the roller (7), a sliding saw-tooth-shaped blade (4) is correspondingly arranged beside the fixed saw-tooth-shaped blade (3), and the sliding saw-tooth-shaped blade (4) is embedded into a limiting groove to enable the sliding saw-tooth-shaped blade (4) to reciprocate only in the direction of the fixed saw-tooth-shaped blade (3); a worm (2) is arranged right below the turbine, the tail end of the worm (2) is connected with a shaft I, a transmission shaft (10) is arranged between the shaft I and the motor, and two ends of the transmission shaft (10) are respectively connected with the motor (13) and the shaft I through universal joints (9) and (11) to realize torque transmission; the front end of the worm and the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade (4) realize the reciprocating motion of the sliding sawtooth-shaped blade (4) by arranging a crank rocker or a crank sliding block mechanism; an outlet is arranged at the lower side of the frame (1) right below the roller (7);
the handle comprises a front thin-wall shell, a rear thin-wall shell and a switch (15), the front end of the handle is provided with a through groove which corresponds to the outlet in a connecting way, the tail end of the handle is provided with the switch (15), and the switch (15) is connected with the motor (13) through a circuit;
the collecting box (18) is a barrel-shaped compound curved surface shell with an upper closing-up part; the inlet of the collecting box is connected with the through groove on the handle correspondingly.
2. The hand-held pepper picker according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper shell (8) is arranged on the upper side of the rack (1) so as to facilitate the installation or maintenance of components in the rack (1).
3. The hand-held pepper picker according to claim 1, characterized in that: and bearing seats (7) are arranged on the machine frame (1) at two sides of the shaft II.
4. The hand-held pepper picker according to claim 1, characterized in that: the roll is connected with II axles for the key, and the realization is rotated at the cylinder and is moved down prickly ash to the shelves strip at cylinder (7) last symmetric distribution 2 at least shelves strips.
CN201911223895.4A 2019-12-04 2019-12-04 Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash Pending CN110933990A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911223895.4A CN110933990A (en) 2019-12-04 2019-12-04 Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911223895.4A CN110933990A (en) 2019-12-04 2019-12-04 Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110933990A true CN110933990A (en) 2020-03-31

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ID=69909506

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911223895.4A Pending CN110933990A (en) 2019-12-04 2019-12-04 Ware is picked to hand-held type prickly ash

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Country Link
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB673306A (en) * 1949-12-03 1952-06-04 William Lindsay Improved method of and apparatus for plucking leaf from tea bushes and the like
CN201450853U (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-05-12 钱争光 Miniature famous tea plucking machine
CN203608573U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-28 卢建强 Hand-held harvest machine
CN204104363U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-21 田文君 A kind of Multifunctional pricklyash peel picker
CN105723937A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-06 厦门理工学院 Portable tea-leaf picker
CN106342481A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-01-25 耿峻 Wolfberry fruit picking machine with novel cutting device and novel collecting device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB673306A (en) * 1949-12-03 1952-06-04 William Lindsay Improved method of and apparatus for plucking leaf from tea bushes and the like
CN201450853U (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-05-12 钱争光 Miniature famous tea plucking machine
CN203608573U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-28 卢建强 Hand-held harvest machine
CN204104363U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-21 田文君 A kind of Multifunctional pricklyash peel picker
CN105723937A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-07-06 厦门理工学院 Portable tea-leaf picker
CN106342481A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-01-25 耿峻 Wolfberry fruit picking machine with novel cutting device and novel collecting device

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