CN110921348B - Silkworm cocoon transferring equipment - Google Patents

Silkworm cocoon transferring equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110921348B
CN110921348B CN201911292856.XA CN201911292856A CN110921348B CN 110921348 B CN110921348 B CN 110921348B CN 201911292856 A CN201911292856 A CN 201911292856A CN 110921348 B CN110921348 B CN 110921348B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
material taking
cage
cocoon
channel
lifting
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Active
Application number
CN201911292856.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110921348A (en
Inventor
吴金苗
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Yuexi Shixing Machinery Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Lianfeng Silk Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911292856.XA priority Critical patent/CN110921348B/en
Publication of CN110921348A publication Critical patent/CN110921348A/en
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Publication of CN110921348B publication Critical patent/CN110921348B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/002Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising load carriers resting on the traction element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/32Individual load-carriers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01BMECHANICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FIBROUS OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FIBRES OF FILAMENTS, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01B7/00Obtaining silk fibres or filaments

Abstract

The invention relates to a silkworm cocoon transferring device which comprises a cocoon storage tank, wherein a hanging device is arranged above a notch of the cocoon storage tank, a material taking cage is arranged on the hanging device, the hanging device drives the material taking cage to move, silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage are poured into a cooking net cage, the silkworm cocoons subjected to vacuum infiltration treatment are guided into the cocoon storage tank, the silkworm cocoons subjected to infiltration treatment float on the liquid level of the cocoon storage tank, the hanging device is started, the material taking cage is guided into the cocoon storage tank to salvage the silkworm cocoons, the silkworm cocoons are guided into the cooking net cage, quantitative material taking of the silkworm cocoons is further realized, and the silkworm cocoons are guided into the cooking water tank by using the cooking net cage to realize subsequent treatment of the silkworm cocoons.

Description

Silkworm cocoon transferring equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of silkworm cocoon production, in particular to silkworm cocoon transferring equipment.
Background
After the cocoons are taken out of the paper cocooning frame, the cocoons are required to be subjected to vacuum infiltration and high-temperature cooking, silk drawing operation of the cooked cocoons can be implemented by utilizing silk drawing equipment, the cocoons subjected to vacuum infiltration are poured out from a lower end barrel opening of the equipment after being subjected to vacuum infiltration by the vacuum infiltration equipment and are guided into a cocoon storage tank, vacuum infiltration water and the cocoons exist in the cocoon storage tank, in order to implement cooking of the cocoons, the cocoons in the cocoon storage tank are required to be guided into a high-temperature cooking tank, in order to implement automatic cooking of the cocoons, the cocoons are guided and conveyed by a net cage arranged on a conveying chain, the net cage is provided with a plurality of net cages at intervals along the conveying chain, further, continuous cooking operation of the cocoons can be implemented, production efficiency of the cocoons is improved, the space of the net cage is constant, and therefore, the cocoons are required to be put into the net cage in a constant amount and the cocoons in the net cage are required to be thrown into the case with constant cocoon amount, can effectively improve the effect of cooking at high temperature to the silkworm cocoon, be subject to the characteristic of silkworm cocoon itself, the silkworm cocoon can exist the condition of attaching to each other together each other, consequently for making the silkworm cocoon drop into the box with comparatively invariable volume, generally operate through manual mode, the staff utilizes and ladles out comparatively invariable silkworm cocoon drop into to the box with a net in, above-mentioned mode can realize throwing and sending comparatively invariable to the silkworm cocoon, however, manual operation's mode exists the silkworm cocoon volume throughout and is invariable inadequately, the problem that the time is many times less, and when in actual production, also very hard.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide silkworm cocoon transferring equipment which can guide silkworm cocoons into a net cage in a relatively constant amount so as to ensure the subsequent production quality of the silkworm cocoons and overcome the defects caused by a manual operation mode.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The utility model provides a silkworm cocoon changes material equipment, is including depositing the cocoon groove, the notch top of depositing the cocoon groove is provided with cable suspension device, cable suspension device is last to be provided with and to get the material cage, and the cable suspension device drive is got the material cage and is removed to empty to the cooking net incasement with getting the silkworm cocoon in the material cage.
The invention also has the following features:
a roundabout channel is arranged in a cavity of the cocoon storage groove, a material taking channel is arranged at an outlet of the roundabout channel, and the material taking channel is arranged below a path through which the material taking cage passes.
A first gas pipeline is arranged in the roundabout channel of the cocoon storage groove, the gas outlet direction of the first gas pipeline is parallel to the length direction of the roundabout channel, and one end of the first gas pipeline is communicated with a high-pressure gas source.
The material taking device is characterized in that a second gas pipeline is arranged at one end of the material taking channel, the gas outlet direction of the second gas pipeline is parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel, one end of the second gas pipeline is communicated with a high-pressure gas source, and the gas outlet direction of the second gas pipeline is opposite to the moving direction of the material taking cage.
Get the whole case form and one end of material cage and be provided with the feed inlet, the feed inlet sets up the upper end position of getting the material cage, the feed inlet position of getting the material cage is provided with crowded material apron, the cable suspension device drive is got the material cage and is located when getting the material passageway and get the material, crowded material apron is in open mode and the directional level of feed inlet.
The other end of the material taking cage is provided with a discharge port, a discharge door is arranged at the position of the discharge port, and when the material taking cage is driven by the hanging device to be transferred to the cooking net box, the discharge door faces downwards and pours the silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage into the cooking net box.
The lifting mechanism is arranged on the hanging device, when the hanging device drives the material taking cage to be located above one end of the material taking channel, the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage to descend to a position below the liquid level of the cocoon storage tank, and when the hanging device drives the material taking cage to be far away from the position above one end of the material taking channel, the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage to ascend.
The periphery of the extruding cover plate is provided with a material separating brush strip, and the material separating brush strip is abutted against the edge of a feed inlet of the material taking cage.
The outlet position of the material taking channel is provided with a silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism, and the silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism is used for driving silkworm cocoons at the edge of a feed inlet of the material taking cage into the material taking channel.
The device comprises a material taking cage, a material discharging door, a door opening mechanism, a material discharging door and a material discharging mechanism, wherein the material discharging door is arranged above the material taking cage, and silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage are poured into the material taking cage.
The hanging device comprises a hanging conveying chain, a plurality of hanging rods are arranged on the hanging conveying chain at equal intervals, and one side wall of the material taking cage is connected with the hanging rods.
Elevating system sets up the lifter on hanging the pole including sliding, it is provided with lifting spring to hang between pole and the lifter, lifting spring's both ends are connected with hanging pole and lifter respectively, it is provided with direction lift track to get the top of material passageway, be provided with lifting roller on the lifter, lifting roller's wheel core level just is perpendicular with direction lift orbital length direction, lifting roller's wheel face supports with direction lift orbital lower rail face and supports and lean on, direction lift track just lies in the feed end position and extends to the circular arc, direction lift orbital level extension end extends to the exit position that is close to and gets the material passageway, a lateral wall and the lifter of getting the material cage are connected.
Get a lateral wall of material cage and pass through the articulated shaft and be connected with the lifter, it is perpendicular with the orbital length direction of direction lift to get the articulated shaft level of material cage, it is provided with the reset torsion spring on the articulated shaft of material cage to get, the both ends of reset torsion spring support with a lateral wall and the lifter's of getting the material cage respectively and lean on, the both sides arm of getting the material cage is provided with the upset gyro wheel, the wheel core level of upset gyro wheel and perpendicular with the orbital length direction of direction lift, the both sides of getting the material passageway still are provided with the upset track, the upset track is parallel with direction lift track, the upset track is located the crooked downwardly extending in feed inlet side of getting the material passageway, the wheel face of upset gyro wheel supports with the track face of overturning and leans on.
One side of crowded material apron is articulated with the feed inlet edge of getting the material cage, be provided with the torsional spring on the articulated shaft level and the articulated shaft of crowded material apron, the both ends of torsional spring lean on with crowded material apron and the outer wall of getting the material cage respectively, crowded material apron is gone up to extend and is provided with the support, the rotation type is provided with the flip gyro wheel on the support, the round core level of flip gyro wheel and perpendicular with the length direction who gets the material passageway, still be provided with the flip track in getting the material passageway, the rim and the flip track of flip gyro wheel are supported and are leaned on and open crowded material apron.
The cocoon material driving mechanism comprises a material driving roller arranged at the outlet of a material taking channel, the length direction of the material driving roller is horizontal and is vertical to the length direction of the material taking channel, bristles are arranged on the roller body of the material driving roller, a material removing rod is arranged below the material driving roller, and the bristles are abutted to the material removing rod.
Get the discharge door of material cage for opening a door mechanism, the both sides of discharge door are passed through the articulated shaft and are got the both sides arm of material cage articulated, be provided with the torsional spring on the articulated shaft, the torsional spring makes the discharge door be in normally closed state with the discharge gate of getting the material cage, the mechanism of opening a door is including setting up the switch gyro wheel in single fan discharge door one end, the wheel core level of switch gyro wheel and perpendicular with boiling net case length direction, the top position of boiling net case is provided with the door frame of opening, the door frame is whole to be the little, the big rhombus mechanism of upper end size of lower extreme size, the both sides of opening a door frame lean on with the rim of switch gyro wheel respectively, the upper end of opening a door frame is connected with the cylinder that opens a door, the piston rod of the cylinder that opens a door is vertical to be arranged.
The upper end of the opening frame extends vertically and parallelly, two sides of the vertically extending end of the upper end of the opening frame are arranged to be wavy surfaces, and the wavy surfaces are abutted to the wheel rim of the switch roller.
A silkworm cocoon taking method comprises the following steps:
firstly, carrying out vacuum infiltration treatment on the silkworm cocoons through vacuum infiltration equipment, and guiding the silkworm cocoons into a cocoon storage tank;
secondly, starting a high-pressure air source, introducing high-pressure air into the first air pipeline, blowing the silkworm cocoons into the roundabout channel, and blowing the silkworm cocoons into the material taking channel from the roundabout channel;
thirdly, starting a hanging device, transferring the unloaded material taking cage to a position of a material inlet at one end of a material taking channel of the cocoon storage tank, and starting a lifting mechanism to enable the material taking cage to descend to a position below the liquid level of the material taking channel;
fourthly, starting the hanging device to open the material extruding cover plate of the material taking cage around the hinge shaft, and enabling the feed inlet of the material taking cage to be horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel;
fifthly, starting a high-pressure gas source, and introducing high-pressure gas into a second gas pipeline to blow the silkworm cocoons into the material taking cage;
sixthly, continuously starting the hanging device to enable the material extruding cover plate of the material taking cage to reset around the hinged shaft, and starting the silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism to drive the silkworm cocoons at the position of the material inlet of the material taking cage into the material taking channel;
seventhly, continuing to start the hanging device to enable the material taking cage to ascend and to be far away from the material taking channel, conveying the material taking cage to a position above the cooking net cage, starting a door opening mechanism, opening a discharging door of the material taking cage around a hinged shaft, and pouring the silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage into the cooking net cage;
and eighthly, repeating the second step to the seventh step until the steaming and boiling net box is circularly filled with a proper amount of cocoons.
The invention has the technical effects that: the silk cocoon through vacuum infiltration processing is derived to depositing in the cocoon groove, and the silk cocoon of infiltration processing floats on the liquid level of depositing the cocoon groove sleeps, starts cable suspension device for get the material cage and lead to depositing in the cocoon inslot, with the implementation to the salvage of silk cocoon, and lead to the boiling net cage in, and then realize getting the ration of silk cocoon and expect, utilize the box with a net of cooking to lead the silk cocoon to the boiling basin in, with the realization to the subsequent processing of silk cocoon.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of a cocoon transferring device;
FIGS. 2 and 3 are front views of two states of the cocoon transferring device;
FIG. 4 is a front view of a partial structure of a cocoon transferring apparatus;
FIG. 5 is a front view of the cocoon storage tank;
FIG. 6 is a schematic sectional view of the cocoon storage tank cut along the position of the material taking channel;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the take out cage;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the take out cage;
FIG. 9 is a left side view of the take-out cage;
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the take out cage;
fig. 11 is a front view of the door opening mechanism effecting opening of the discharge door.
Detailed Description
In order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the following examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed. As used herein, the terms "parallel" and "perpendicular" are not limited to their strict geometric definitions, but include tolerances for machining or human error, legibility and inconsistency;
the cocoon transferring apparatus of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings 1 to 11:
a silkworm cocoon transferring device comprises a cocoon storage tank 10, wherein a hanging device 20 is arranged above a notch of the cocoon storage tank 10, a material taking cage 30 is arranged on the hanging device 20, the hanging device 20 drives the material taking cage 30 to move, and silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage 30 are poured into a cooking net cage 40;
referring to fig. 1 to 3, cocoons subjected to vacuum infiltration treatment are guided out to a cocoon storage tank 10, the cocoons subjected to the infiltration treatment float on the liquid level of the cocoon storage tank 10, a hanging device 20 is started, a material taking cage 30 is guided into the cocoon storage tank 10, so that the cocoons are fished, and the cocoons are guided into a cooking net cage 40, so that quantitative material taking of the cocoons is realized, and the cocoons are guided into the cooking water tank by the cooking net cage 40, so that subsequent treatment of the cocoons is realized.
In order to enable the cocoons to be evenly distributed in the cocoon storage groove 10 and enable the cocoons to be adequately distributed on a moving path of the material taking cage 30 so as to ensure that the material taking cage 30 can be evenly taken, a roundabout channel 11 is arranged in a groove cavity of the cocoon storage groove 10, a material taking channel 12 is arranged at an outlet of the roundabout channel 11, and the material taking channel 12 is arranged below the path through which the material taking cage 30 passes;
cocoon through permeation treatment is led and is sent to depositing in the cocoon groove 10 to make in the cocoon leads and send to getting material passageway 12 along circuitous passageway 11, get material cage 30 and remove along getting material passageway 12, and then ensure to get material cage 30 and can have abundant material space of getting, and then can effectively implement effectively getting the material operation to the cocoon, ensure that the cocoon can be filled with and get and fill in the material cage 30.
In order to ensure that the cocoons can be sufficiently distributed in the roundabout channel 11 and are guided into the material taking channel 12 from the roundabout channel 11, a first air pipeline 13 is arranged in the roundabout channel 11 of the cocoon storage tank 10, the air outlet direction of the first air pipeline 13 is arranged in parallel with the length direction of the roundabout channel 11, and one end of the first air pipeline 13 is communicated with a high-pressure air source;
the first air pipeline 13 is in an S shape, the high end of the first air pipeline 13 is higher than the notch of the cocoon storage groove 10, and the high-pressure air source is guided into the first air pipeline 13, so that the high-pressure air is guided into the roundabout channel 11, the water flow flows along the roundabout channel 11, the roundabout channel 11 and the material taking channel 12 present circularly flowing water flow, further, the cocoons can be effectively and sufficiently captured by the material taking cage 30, further, the cocoons are guided out from the outlet of the roundabout channel 11 to the material taking channel 12, and further, the cocoons are guided and conveyed;
more preferably, in order to ensure that the silkworm cocoons can be filled in the material taking cage 30 and that the material taking cage 30 takes two materials each time is relatively constant, a second gas pipeline 14 is arranged at one end of the material taking channel 12, the direction of a gas outlet of the second gas pipeline 14 is parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel 12, one end of the second gas pipeline 14 is communicated with a high-pressure gas source, and the direction of the gas outlet of the second gas pipeline 14 is opposite to the moving direction of the material taking cage 30;
the first gas pipeline 13 pushes water flow and the cocoons out to an outlet position, and the second gas pipeline 14 is used for guiding high-pressure gas out, so that the material taking channel 12 generates flowing water flow, the cocoons can be ensured to be filled in the material taking cage 30, the material taking cage 30 can be ensured to be capable of containing more sufficient cocoons each time, and then the material taking operation of the cocoons is realized;
the second gas pipeline 14 is in an S shape, and the height of the second gas pipeline 14 is higher than the notch of the cocoon storage groove 10, so that the material taking channel 12 is in a circulating water flowing channel, and the silkworm cocoons are filled in the material taking cage 30.
More specifically, as shown in fig. 8 and 10, the material taking cage 30 is integrally box-shaped, and one end of the material taking cage is provided with a material inlet 31, the material inlet 31 is arranged at the upper end of the material taking cage 30, the material extruding cover plate 32 is arranged at the material inlet 31 of the material taking cage 30, and when the hanging device 20 drives the material taking cage 30 to be located in the material taking channel 12 for taking materials, the material extruding cover plate 32 is in an open state and the material inlet 31 is directed horizontally;
when the material taking cage 30 is conveyed into the cocoon storage groove 10, the material extruding cover plate 32 is in an open state and is pinched under the driving force of the hanging device 20, so that the material taking cage 30 moves along the material taking channel 12, the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 is directed to be horizontal, in the moving process of the material taking cage 30 and under the action of the high-pressure air source of the second air pipeline 14, the silkworm cocoons are conveyed into the material taking cage 30, the material taking cage 30 can be filled with the silkworm cocoons, the silkworm cocoons are filled with the silkworm cocoons in a constant amount each time, and after the material taking cage 30 leaves the cocoon storage groove 10, the material taking cage 30 filled with the silkworm cocoons is conveyed into the steaming and boiling net cage 40 under the action of the material extruding cover plate 32.
Furthermore, a discharge hole 33 is formed in the other end of the material taking cage 30, a discharge door 34 is arranged at the position of the discharge hole, and when the hanging device 20 drives the material taking cage 30 to be transferred to the cooking net cage 40, the discharge door 34 faces downwards and pours the silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage 30 into the cooking net cage 40;
when the hanging device 20 guides the material taking cage 30 filled with the cocoons to a position above the cooking net cage 40, the material discharging door 34 is opened, so that the cocoons in the material taking cage 30 are dumped into the cooking net cage 40, and the feeding operation of the cocoons is further realized.
Furthermore, a lifting mechanism is arranged on the hanging device 20, when the hanging device 20 drives the material taking cage 30 to be located at a position above one end of the material taking channel 12, the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage 30 to descend to a position below the liquid level of the cocoon storage tank 10, and when the hanging device 20 drives the material taking cage 30 to be away from a position above one end of the material taking channel 12, the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage 30 to ascend;
referring to fig. 2 and 3, after the hanging device 20 is used to transport the material taking cage 30 to the position above the material taking channel 12 of the cocoon storage tank 10, the lifting mechanism lowers the material taking cage 30 to the position below the liquid level of the material taking channel 12, under the driving force of the hanging device 20, the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 is opened and the horizontal filling moves along the length direction of the material taking channel 12, so as to fill the material taking hole 30 with the silkworm cocoons, and after the silkworm cocoons are filled with the material taking cage 30, the material taking cage 30 is lifted from the material taking channel 12 by the lifting mechanism and separated from the material taking hole, thereby completing the material taking operation of the material taking cage 30.
Because silk-shaped adhesive substances of the silkworm cocoons enable the silkworm cocoons to be easily gathered in the material taking channel 12, the silkworm cocoons are further difficult to be completely separated from the material taking cage 30, the material separating brush strips 321 are arranged on the periphery of the material extruding cover plate 32, and the material separating brush strips 321 are abutted against the edge of the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30;
after the cocoons are filled with the material taking cage 30, under the reset force of the material extruding cover plate 32, the material separating brush strip 321 is abutted against the edge of the feeding hole 31 of the material taking cage 30, under the action of bristles of the material separating brush strip 321, the cocoons filled in the material taking cage 30 and the cocoons on the edge are separated by utilizing the brush force of the bristles, so that the outer cocoons are separated from the material taking cage 30, the sealing cover of the material taking cage 30 is completed, and the material taking cage 30 is guided to the position above the steaming and boiling net cage 40 with relatively balanced cocoon filling amount.
More specifically, a silkworm cocoon driving mechanism is arranged at an outlet of the material taking channel 12, and is used for driving silkworm cocoons at the edge of a feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 into the material taking channel 12;
when getting material cage 30 and being located the export top position of getting material passageway 12, crowded material apron 32 resets the back, and after the cocoon was filled with and is got material cage 30, can the more cocoon of adhesion in the feed inlet 31 edge of getting material cage 30, for guaranteeing to get the cocoon at material cage 30 edge and can all break away from, foretell cocoon drives material mechanism and can effectively derive the cocoon to getting in material passageway 12 to accomplish the operation of unloading to the cocoon.
In order to ensure that the cocoons in the material taking cage 30 can be smoothly guided into the cooking net cage 40, a door opening mechanism is arranged above the cooking net cage 40 and used for opening the discharging door 34 and pouring the cocoons in the material taking cage 30 into the cooking net cage 40;
under the action of the hanging device 20, after the material taking hole 30 is guided to the position above the opening of the cooking net cage 40, the door opening mechanism opens the material discharging door 34, so that the silkworm cocoons are guided out of the cooking net cage 40, and the quantitative material taking and transferring operation of the silkworm cocoons is completed.
More specifically, in order to realize the transfer operation of the material taking cage 30, the hanging device 20 comprises a hanging conveying chain 21, a plurality of hanging rods 22 are arranged on the hanging conveying chain 21 at equal intervals, and one side wall of the material taking cage 30 is connected with the hanging rods 22;
the hanging conveying chain 21 is a circular conveying belt structure, and the cocoon storage tank 10 and the cooking net box 40 are arranged at two side positions of the parallel section of the hanging conveying chain 21, so that the material taking and placing operation of the silkworm cocoons is conveniently realized;
more specifically, in order to ensure that the material taking cage 30 can smoothly fall into the position below the liquid level of the material taking channel 12, the lifting mechanism includes a lifting rod 23 slidably disposed on a hanging rod 22, a lifting spring 24 is disposed between the hanging rod 22 and the lifting rod 23, two ends of the lifting spring 24 are respectively connected with the hanging rod 22 and the lifting rod 23, a guiding lifting track 25 is disposed above the material taking channel 12, a lifting roller 231 is disposed on the lifting rod 23, a core of the lifting roller 231 is horizontal and perpendicular to the length direction of the guiding lifting track 25, a wheel surface of the lifting roller 231 is abutted against a lower rail surface of the guiding lifting track 25, the guiding lifting track 25 is parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel 12 and is located at the position of the feeding end to extend upward in an arc, a horizontal extending end of the guiding lifting track 25 extends to a position close to the outlet of the material taking channel 12, one side wall of the material taking cage 30 is connected with the lifting rod 23;
under the conveying force of the hanging conveying chain 21, the lifting roller 231 is guided from the arc extending end of the guide lifting rail 25, the hanging rod 22 slides downwards, the lifting spring 24 is stretched, the material taking cage 30 descends to the position below the liquid level of the material taking channel 12, so that the fishing operation of the cocoons in the material taking channel 12 is realized, and after the cocoons in the material taking cage 30 are filled, the material taking cage 30 ascends under the elastic force action of the lifting spring 24 and is separated from the material taking channel 12.
More specifically, one side wall of the material taking cage 30 is connected with the lifting rod 23 through an articulated shaft, the articulated shaft of the material taking cage 30 is horizontal and is vertical to the length direction of the guide lifting rail 25, a reset torsion spring 301 is arranged on the articulated shaft of the material taking cage 30, two ends of the reset torsion spring 301 are respectively abutted against one side wall of the material taking cage 30 and an installation support of the lifting rod 23, two side arms of the material taking cage 30 are provided with overturning rollers 35, wheel cores of the overturning rollers 35 are horizontal and are vertical to the length direction of the guide lifting rail 25, two sides of the material taking channel 12 are also provided with overturning rails 36, the overturning rails 36 are parallel to the guide lifting rail 25, the overturning rails 36 are positioned at the feeding port side of the material taking channel 12 and extend downwards in a bending manner, and wheel surfaces of the overturning rollers 35 are abutted against rail surfaces on the overturning rails 36;
after the hanging conveying chain 21 descends to a position below the liquid level of the material taking channel 12, the overturning rollers 35 abut against the downward extending ends of the overturning rails 36 along with the movement of the material taking cage 30, the material taking hole 30 is rotated around the hinge shaft by utilizing the adjustment of the overturning rails 36, the reset torsion spring 301 is compressed, the direction of the feeding hole 31 is horizontal, and the silkworm cocoons are filled in the material taking hole 30 under the conveying force of the hanging conveying chain 21;
the width of the material taking channel 12 is matched with the width of the material inlet 31 of the material taking cage 30, so that the fishing operation of the silkworm cocoons can be effectively realized.
One side of the material extruding cover plate 32 is hinged with the edge of the feeding hole 31 of the material taking cage 30, a hinge shaft of the material extruding cover plate 32 is horizontal, a torsion spring 323 is arranged on the hinge shaft, two ends of the torsion spring 323 are respectively abutted against the material extruding cover plate 32 and the outer wall of the material taking cage 30, a support is arranged on the material extruding cover plate 32 in an extending mode, a flip cover roller 322 is rotatably arranged on the support, a wheel core of the flip cover roller 322 is horizontal and is vertical to the length direction of the material taking channel 12, a flip cover rail 37 is further arranged in the material taking channel 12, and a wheel rim of the flip cover roller 322 is abutted against the flip cover rail 37 and opens the material extruding cover plate 32;
in order to realize the opening of the material extruding cover plate 32, when the feed inlet 31 of the material extracting cage 30 points to a horizontal opening, along with the conveying force of the hanging conveying chain 21, the rim of the flip roller 322 is abutted against the flip track 37, and then the material extruding cover plate 32 is adjusted to be opened around the hinge shaft, so that the feed inlet 31 of the material extracting cage 30 is opened, the fishing of the silkworm cocoons is realized, and the silkworm cocoons are filled with the material extracting holes 30.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in order to remove the silkworm cocoons adhered to the thick surface of the material extruding cover plate 32 of the material taking cage 30, the silkworm cocoon material removing mechanism comprises a material removing roller 15 arranged at the outlet of the material taking channel 12, the length direction of the material removing roller 15 is horizontal and vertical to the length direction of the material taking channel 12, bristles are arranged on the roller body of the material removing roller 15, a material removing rod 16 is arranged below the material removing roller 15, and the bristles are abutted to the material removing rod 16;
the material driving roller 15 rotates, so that all the cocoons on the surface of the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 can be driven down, the viscosity of the cocoons driven down is higher than that of the bristles, and the cocoons are separated by the material removing rod 16.
The flip track 37 described above is short, so that the material extruding cover plate 32 is reset in advance, and the cover of the feed inlet 31 of the material taking cage 30 is realized, then under the effect of the material driving roller 15, the silkworm cocoon is driven down, then the wheel surface of the turning roller 35 is separated from the turning track 36, under the effect of the reset torsion spring 301, the feed inlet 31 of the material taking cage 30 is vertical, the wheel surface of the lifting roller 231 is separated from the lower rail surface of the guide lifting track 25, the material taking cage 30 is lifted, so that the whole material taking cage 30 is lifted and transferred to the steaming and boiling net cage 40, and the transfer of the material taking cage 30 filled with the silkworm cocoon is realized.
More specifically, in order to ensure that all the cocoons in the material taking cage 30 are guided into the cooking net cage 40, the discharge door 34 of the material taking cage 30 is a split door mechanism, two sides of the discharge door 34 are hinged with two side arms of the material taking cage 30 through hinge shafts, the articulated shaft is provided with a torsion spring which enables the discharge door 34 and the discharge hole 33 of the material taking cage 30 to be in a normally closed state, the door opening mechanism comprises a switch roller 341 arranged at one end of the single discharge door 34, the wheel core of the switch roller 341 is horizontal and vertical to the length direction of the cooking net cage 40, an opening frame 51 is arranged above the cooking net box 40, the opening frame 51 is integrally a diamond-shaped mechanism with small lower end size and large upper end size, two sides of the door opening frame 51 are respectively abutted against the wheel rims of the switch rollers 341, the upper end of the door opening frame 51 is connected with the door opening cylinder 52, and the piston rod of the door opening cylinder 52 is vertically arranged;
the above-mentioned switch roller 341 rotary type is provided at the position of one side of the feed port 31, and the door opening cylinder 52 is started, so that the lower end of the door opening frame 51 abuts against the rim of the switch roller 341, and the switch roller 341 is kept away, and further the discharging door 34 is rotated around the hinge shaft and opened, thereby realizing the dumping operation of the silkworm cocoons.
The upper end of the opening frame 51 extends vertically and parallelly, two sides of the vertically extending end of the upper end of the opening frame 51 are provided with wavy surfaces 511, and the wavy surfaces 511 abut against the wheel rim of the switch roller 341;
the two sides of the extending end of the door opening frame 51 are set to be wavy surfaces 511, and after the door opening cylinder 52 is started, the wavy surfaces 511 are used for abutting against the rims of the opening and closing rollers 341, so that the discharging door 34 of the material taking cage 30 is in a shaking shape, and further, all the silkworm cocoons in the material taking hole 30 can be effectively poured into the cooking net cage 40, and the quantitative feeding operation of the cooking net cage 40 is completed.
A silkworm cocoon taking method comprises the following steps:
firstly, carrying out vacuum infiltration treatment on the silkworm cocoons through vacuum infiltration equipment, and guiding the silkworm cocoons into a cocoon storage tank 10;
secondly, starting a high-pressure air source, introducing high-pressure air into the first air pipeline 13, and blowing the silkworm cocoons into the roundabout channel 11 and into the material taking channel 12 from the roundabout channel 11;
thirdly, starting the hanging device 20, transferring the unloaded material taking cage 30 to a position of a feed inlet at one end of the material taking channel 12 of the cocoon storage tank 10, and starting the lifting mechanism to enable the material taking cage 30 to descend to a position below the liquid level of the material taking channel 12;
fourthly, starting the hanging device 20, so that the extruding cover plate 32 of the material taking cage 30 is opened around the hinge shaft, and the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 is horizontal and parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel 12;
fifthly, starting a high-pressure gas source, and introducing high-pressure gas into the second gas pipeline 14 to blow the silkworm cocoons into the material taking cage 30;
sixthly, continuing to start the hanging device 20, so that the material extruding cover plate 32 of the material taking cage 30 is reset around the hinge shaft, starting the silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism, and driving the silkworm cocoons at the position of the feed port 31 of the material taking cage 30 into the material taking channel 12;
seventhly, continuing to start the hanging device 20, so that the material taking cage 30 rises and is far away from the material taking channel 12, transferring the material taking cage 30 to a position above the cooking net cage 40, starting a door opening mechanism, opening a discharging door 34 of the material taking cage 30 around a hinged shaft, and pouring the silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage 30 into the cooking net cage 40;
and eighthly, repeating the second step to the seventh step until the steaming net cage 40 is circularly filled with a proper amount of cocoons.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a silkworm cocoon changes material equipment which characterized in that: the cocoon cooking device comprises a cocoon storage tank (10), wherein a hanging device (20) is arranged above a notch of the cocoon storage tank (10), a material taking cage (30) is arranged on the hanging device (20), the material taking cage (30) is driven to move by the hanging device (20), and silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage (30) are poured into a cooking net cage (40); a circuitous channel (11) is arranged in a cavity of the cocoon storage groove (10), a material taking channel (12) is arranged at an outlet of the circuitous channel (11), and the material taking channel (12) is arranged below a path through which the material taking cage (30) passes; a first gas pipeline (13) is arranged in the circuitous channel (11) of the cocoon storage tank (10), the direction of a gas outlet of the first gas pipeline (13) is parallel to the length direction of the circuitous channel (11), and one end of the first gas pipeline (13) is communicated with a high-pressure gas source;
a second gas pipeline (14) is arranged at one end of the material taking channel (12), the direction of a gas outlet of the second gas pipeline (14) is parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel (12), one end of the second gas pipeline (14) is communicated with a high-pressure gas source, and the direction of the gas outlet of the second gas pipeline (14) is opposite to the moving direction of the material taking cage (30);
the material taking cage (30) is integrally box-shaped, a feed inlet (31) is formed in one end of the material taking cage, the feed inlet (31) is formed in the upper end of the material taking cage (30), a material extruding cover plate (32) is arranged at the feed inlet (31) of the material taking cage (30), the material extruding cover plate (32) is in an open state when the material taking cage (30) is driven by the hanging device (20) to be located in the material taking channel (12) to take materials, and the feed inlet (31) points to the horizontal direction;
get the other end of material cage (30) and be provided with discharge gate (33), the discharge gate position is provided with discharge door (34), when cable suspension device (20) drive was got material cage (30) and is transported to cooking net cage (40), discharge door (34) down and will get the silkworm cocoon in material cage (30) and empty to cooking in net cage (40).
2. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cocoon storage device is characterized in that a lifting mechanism is arranged on the hanging device (20), when the hanging device (20) drives the material taking cage (30) to be located at the position above one end of the material taking channel (12), the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage (30) to fall to the position below the liquid level of the cocoon storage groove (10), and when the hanging device (20) drives the material taking cage (30) to be far away from the position above one end of the material taking channel (12), the lifting mechanism drives the material taking cage (30) to rise.
3. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the periphery of the material extruding cover plate (32) is provided with a material separating brush strip (321), the material separating brush strip (321) abuts against the edge of a feed inlet (31) of the material taking cage (30), an outlet of the material taking channel (12) is provided with a silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism, and the silkworm cocoon material driving mechanism is used for driving silkworm cocoons at the edge of the feed inlet (31) of the material taking cage (30) into the material taking channel (12); silkworm cocoon material dispelling mechanism is including setting up driving material roller (15) of getting material passageway (12) exit position, driving material roller (15) length direction level and perpendicular with the length direction who gets material passageway (12), the roller of driving material roller (15) is provided with the brush hair on one's body, the below position of driving material roller (15) is provided with takes off material pole (16), the brush hair supports with taking off material pole (16) and leans on.
4. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the hanging device (20) comprises a hanging conveying chain (21), a plurality of hanging rods (22) are arranged on the hanging conveying chain at equal intervals, and one side wall of the material taking cage (30) is connected with the hanging rods (22); the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting rod (23) which is arranged on a hanging rod (22) in a sliding mode, a lifting spring (24) is arranged between the hanging rod (22) and the lifting rod (23), two ends of the lifting spring (24) are respectively connected with the hanging rod (22) and the lifting rod (23), a guide lifting track (25) is arranged above the material taking channel (12), a lifting roller (231) is arranged on the lifting rod (23), a wheel core of the lifting roller (231) is horizontal and is perpendicular to the length direction of the guide lifting track (25), a wheel surface of the lifting roller (231) is abutted against a lower rail surface of the guide lifting track (25), the guide lifting track (25) is parallel to the length direction of the material taking channel (12) and is located at the position of a feeding end and extends upwards in an arc mode, a horizontal extending end of the guide lifting track (25) extends to the position close to the outlet of the material taking channel (12), one side wall of the material taking cage (30) is connected with the lifting rod (23).
5. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: one side wall of the material taking cage (30) is connected with the lifting rod (23) through a hinged shaft, the articulated shaft of the material taking cage (30) is horizontal and vertical to the length direction of the guide lifting track (25), a return torsion spring (301) is arranged on the hinged shaft of the material taking cage (30), two ends of the return torsion spring (301) are respectively abutted against one side wall of the material taking cage (30) and the mounting bracket of the lifting rod (23), the two side arms of the material taking cage (30) are provided with overturning rollers (35), the wheel core of the overturning rollers (35) is horizontal and vertical to the length direction of the guide lifting track (25), both sides of the material taking channel (12) are also provided with turnover rails (36), the turnover rails (36) are parallel to the guide lifting rails (25), the turnover track (36) is positioned at the feed inlet side of the material taking channel (12) and extends downwards in a bending way, the wheel surface of the overturning roller (35) is abutted against the upper rail surface of the overturning rail (36).
6. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein: one side of crowded material apron (32) and feed inlet (31) edge of getting material cage (30) are articulated, be provided with torsional spring (323) on the articulated shaft level and the articulated shaft of crowded material apron (32), the both ends of torsional spring (323) lean on with crowded material apron (32) and the outer wall of getting material cage (30) respectively, it is provided with the support to extend on crowded material apron (32), the rotation type is provided with flip gyro wheel (322) on the support, the wheel core level of flip gyro wheel (322) and the length direction who gets material passageway (12) are perpendicular, still be provided with flip track (37) in getting material passageway (12), the rim of flip gyro wheel (322) supports with flip track (37) and leans on and will extrude material apron (32) and open.
7. The cocoon transferring apparatus as claimed in claim 6, wherein: a door opening mechanism is arranged above the cooking net cage (40) and used for opening the discharging door (34) and pouring the silkworm cocoons in the material taking cage (30) into the cooking net cage (40); the discharge door (34) of the material taking cage (30) is a split door mechanism, two sides of the discharge door (34) are hinged with two side arms of the material taking cage (30) through hinged shafts, torsional springs are arranged on the hinged shafts, the torsional springs enable the discharge door (34) and a discharge port (33) of the material taking cage (30) to be in a normally closed state, the door opening mechanism comprises switch rollers (341) arranged at one end of a single-leaf discharge door (34), wheel cores of the switch rollers (341) are horizontal and perpendicular to the length direction of the cooking net cage (40), a door opening frame (51) is arranged above the cooking net cage (40), the door opening frame (51) is integrally a rhombic mechanism with a small lower end size and a large upper end size, two sides of the door opening frame (51) are respectively abutted against with wheel rims of the switch rollers (341), and the upper end of the door opening frame (51) is connected with a door opening cylinder (52), the piston rod of the door opening cylinder (52) is vertically arranged; the upper end of the opening frame (51) vertically extends in parallel, two sides of the vertically extending end of the upper end of the opening frame (51) are provided with wavy surfaces (511), and the wavy surfaces (511) are abutted to the wheel rim of the switch roller (341).
CN201911292856.XA 2019-12-16 2019-12-16 Silkworm cocoon transferring equipment Active CN110921348B (en)

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CN113525207A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-10-22 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Turning device and vehicle with same

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CN109023543A (en) * 2018-10-09 2018-12-18 六安市凯盛茧丝绢有限公司 Silk cocoon steaming plant

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SE457251B (en) * 1985-09-17 1988-12-12 Defab Int Ab Galvanising tank rotation drive
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CN104528342A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 广州达意隆包装机械股份有限公司 Cap arranging device and cap arranging machine
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Address after: 246620 Changning Industrial Park, Wenquan Town, Yuexi County, Anqing City, Anhui Province (Shixing machinery)

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