CN110919502A - Polishing device for wooden door processing and using method thereof - Google Patents

Polishing device for wooden door processing and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110919502A
CN110919502A CN201911253776.3A CN201911253776A CN110919502A CN 110919502 A CN110919502 A CN 110919502A CN 201911253776 A CN201911253776 A CN 201911253776A CN 110919502 A CN110919502 A CN 110919502A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
chain wheel
gear
polishing
grinding
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Granted
Application number
CN201911253776.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110919502B (en
Inventor
胡海
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Chongqing Meidi Smart Home Co Ltd
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Chongqing Meidi Smart Home Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911253776.3A priority Critical patent/CN110919502B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/04Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor for grinding plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/18Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/20Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor relating to feed movement

Abstract

The invention discloses a polishing device for wooden door processing, which belongs to the technical field of wooden door processing equipment and comprises a rack, wherein a motor, a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism are installed on the rack, the first polishing mechanism also comprises a first bearing seat, a first rotating shaft is connected in the first bearing seat, a fourth chain wheel and a first driving bevel gear are respectively connected to the left end and the right end of the first rotating shaft, a first inclined shaft and a second inclined shaft are further connected to the left end of the rack, a first driven bevel gear and a driving gear are rotatably connected to the first inclined shaft, a driven gear and a driving pulley are rotatably connected to the second inclined shaft, a third inclined shaft is further connected to the right end of the rack, a driven pulley is rotatably connected to the third inclined shaft, and an abrasive belt is wound between the driving pulley and the driven pulley. The automatic wood strip turning device can automatically turn over wood strips, so that four side walls of the wood strips are polished, the production efficiency is high, and the labor intensity of workers is low.

Description

Polishing device for wooden door processing and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of wooden door processing equipment, and particularly relates to a polishing device for wooden door processing and a use method thereof.
Background
Wooden doors, as the name suggests, can be roughly divided into composite doors, solid wood doors and all-wood doors, and are widely applied to civil and commercial buildings and houses. The style of the wooden door is generally various in European style, American style, Chinese style, Italian style and the like. The solid wood door is mainly made of natural logs or solid wood as processing raw materials, such as pine, fir, red rubber and the like, processed finished products have the characteristics of no deformation, corrosion resistance, no crack, heat insulation and the like, and related processes are roughly divided into drying, blanking, polishing, tenoning, drilling, high-speed milling, assembling, polishing, painting and the like.
In the production process of the wooden door, the wooden strip is required to be polished sometimes. In the prior art, when a batten is polished, a millstone is generally used for polishing four side walls of the batten respectively, and when one side wall is polished, the batten needs to be turned over manually and then the next side wall is polished.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: aiming at providing a grinding device for timber processing, degree of automation is higher, can overturn the stuff automatically when polishing to four lateral walls to the stuff are polished, production efficiency is high, workman low in labor strength.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a polishing device for wooden door processing comprises a rack, wherein a motor, a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism are mounted on the rack, a first chain wheel is connected to an output shaft of the motor, the first chain wheel is connected with the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism, and the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism are identical in structure and are symmetrically arranged in the front-back direction;
wherein the first grinding mechanism further comprises a first bearing seat, the first bearing seat is arranged on the frame, a first rotating shaft is connected in the first bearing seat, a fourth chain wheel and a first drive bevel gear are respectively connected at the left end and the right end of the first rotating shaft, the fourth chain wheel of the first grinding mechanism and the fourth chain wheel of the second grinding mechanism are connected with the first chain wheel through chains, a first inclined shaft and a second inclined shaft are further connected at the left end of the frame, the first inclined shaft is parallel to the second inclined shaft and forms a 45-degree angle with the horizontal plane, the included angle between the second inclined shaft of the first grinding mechanism and the second inclined shaft of the second grinding mechanism is 90 degrees, a first shaft sleeve is rotatably connected on the first inclined shaft, a first driven bevel gear and a drive gear are connected on the first shaft sleeve, the first driven bevel gear is meshed with the first drive bevel gear, and a second shaft sleeve is rotatably connected on the second inclined shaft, the second shaft sleeve is connected with a driven gear and a driving belt wheel, and the driven gear is meshed with the driving gear;
the right end of the frame is further connected with a third inclined shaft, the third inclined shaft is parallel to the second inclined shaft, a third shaft sleeve is rotatably connected to the third inclined shaft, a driven belt wheel is connected to the third shaft sleeve, and an abrasive belt is wound between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: firstly, installing battens, namely placing the battens between two clamping blocks, enabling the battens to be tightly attached to the surfaces of two abrasive belts, and then enabling the two clamping blocks to clamp the battens by adjusting an adjusting head to finish installation; then, polishing is carried out, a motor is started, the motor drives a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism to work respectively, abrasive belts of the two polishing mechanisms rotate, and two side walls of the batten are polished; then overturning, after grinding for a proper time, operating the overturning mechanism to drive the battens to rotate 180 degrees, so that the other two side walls of the battens are tightly attached to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts, and then grinding the other two side walls of the battens through the abrasive belts, thereby finishing grinding of the four side walls of the battens; and finally, after polishing is finished, taking down the battens.
Further limit, the surface of driving pulley and driven pulley all is provided with anti-skidding line. The anti-slip lines can increase the friction force between the belt wheel and the abrasive belt and prevent the abrasive belt from slipping.
Further limiting, a turnover mechanism is further mounted on the rack, the turnover mechanism further comprises a left turnover unit and a right turnover unit which are arranged in bilateral symmetry, the left turnover unit and the right turnover unit are respectively mounted at the left end and the right end of the rack, and a synchronization mechanism is connected between the left turnover unit and the right turnover unit;
the left overturning unit and the right overturning unit both comprise a box body, a reduction box is installed in the box body, a fifth chain wheel is connected to an input shaft of the reduction box, a second chain wheel is further connected to an output shaft of the motor, the second chain wheel is connected with the fifth chain wheel of the left overturning unit through a chain, a second driving bevel gear is connected to an output shaft of the reduction box, a second rotating shaft is rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the box body, a second driven bevel gear, a fluted disc and a cam are connected to the second rotating shaft, the second driven bevel gear is meshed with the second driving bevel gear, a tooth-shaped portion on the fluted disc is of an incomplete gear structure, a sliding groove is formed in the circumferential wall of the cam, the sliding groove is divided into a top portion, an inclined portion and a bottom portion. After two lateral walls of stuff are polished, the fifth chain wheel sequentially transmits power to the reduction gearbox, the second driving bevel gear, the second driven bevel gear and the second rotating shaft, thereby driving the fluted disc and the cam to rotate, when the roller rolls to the top from the bottom of the chute through the inclined part, the two cams drive the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism to simultaneously ascend, the tooth-shaped part of the fluted disc is meshed with the gear, the rotation of the fluted disc drives the gear to rotate, the gear drives the ejector rod and the clamping block to rotate, thereby driving the stuff to rotate, thereby polishing the other two lateral walls of the stuff, and the labor intensity of workers is reduced.
Further inject, fixture includes left fixture and right fixture again, left side fixture installs on left upset unit, right side fixture installs on right upset unit, left side fixture and right fixture all include the ejector pin, the end connection of ejector pin has the gear, rectangular shape through-hole has been seted up on the lateral wall of box, the ejector pin passes rectangular shape through-hole, the ejector pin middle part is connected with two chucks, two chuck cards are on the lateral wall of box, the front end of the ejector pin in the fixture of a left side is connected with the clamp splice, the front end of the ejector pin in the fixture of the right side is connected with the regulation head, the front end of regulation head is connected with the clamp splice. The distance between the two clamping blocks can be changed by rotating the adjusting head, so that the battens can be conveniently disassembled and assembled.
Further, the ratio of the number of teeth on the fluted disc to the number of teeth on the fluted disc is 1: 2. When the fluted disc rotates a circle, the gear only rotates 180 degrees, thereby the stuff rotates 180 degrees, and the other two side walls are downward, and the grinding is convenient.
Further limited, the adjusting head is connected with the ejector rod through threads. The clamping block at the right end can move leftwards or rightwards only by rotating the adjusting head, so that the batten is conveniently clamped, and the operation is simple and fast.
Further, the surface of the adjusting head is provided with anti-skid lines. Therefore, the friction force can be increased, and the worker can conveniently rotate the adjusting head.
Further inject, the afterbody of ejector pin is connected with the gyro wheel, gyro wheel roll connection is in the spout. The setting of gyro wheel can make things convenient for the slip of ejector pin in the spout.
Further inject, the synchronizing mechanism includes two second bearing blocks again, two second bearing blocks install both ends about the frame bottom respectively, be connected with the major axis between two second bearing blocks, both ends are connected with the sixth sprocket respectively about the major axis, still be connected with the third sprocket on the output shaft of motor, the third sprocket passes through the chain and is connected with the sixth sprocket of left end, and the sixth sprocket of right-hand member passes through the chain and is connected with the fifth sprocket in the unit of turning over on the right side. The synchronous mechanism is used for enabling the left overturning unit and the right overturning unit to synchronously work, the motor drives the second chain wheel and the third chain wheel to rotate, the third chain wheel drives the sixth chain wheel at the left end, the long shaft and the sixth chain wheel at the right end to rotate, and the sixth chain wheel and the second chain wheel at the right end respectively drive the fifth chain wheels in the right overturning unit and the left overturning unit to rotate, so that the left overturning unit and the right overturning unit can synchronously work.
The invention also provides a using method of the grinding device for the wooden door processing, which mainly comprises the following steps,
step one, installation.
A worker places battens on the two abrasive belts, the two adjacent side walls of the lower side of the battens are made to be respectively attached to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts, the battens are made to be located between the two clamping blocks, then the adjusting head is rotated, the clamping block at the right end is made to move leftwards, and the battens are until the two clamping blocks clamp the battens tightly.
And step two, polishing.
The motor is started, the motor drives the first chain wheel to rotate, the first chain wheel drives the fourth chain wheels in the two polishing mechanisms to synchronously rotate, the fourth chain wheels sequentially transmit power to the first rotating shaft, the first driving bevel gear, the first driven bevel gear, the first shaft sleeve, the driving gear, the driven gear, the second shaft sleeve and the driving belt wheel, so that the driving belt wheel, the driven belt wheel and the abrasive belts rotate together, and the two abrasive belts polish two side walls of the lower side of the batten.
And step three, overturning.
The motor drives the second chain wheel and the third chain wheel to rotate, wherein the third chain wheel drives the sixth chain wheel at the left end to rotate, the sixth chain wheel at the left end sequentially transmits power to the long shaft and the sixth chain wheel at the right end, and the sixth chain wheel and the second chain wheel at the right end respectively drive the fifth chain wheels in the right turning unit and the left turning unit to rotate through chains;
the fifth sprocket transmits power to the reduction gearbox in sequence again, the second drive bevel gear, the second driven bevel gear and the second rotating shaft, thereby drive fluted disc and cam rotation, when the gyro wheel rolls to the top through the rake from the bottom of spout, two cams drive left fixture and right fixture and rise simultaneously, thereby make stuff and two abrasive band separation, then the profile of tooth portion and the gear engagement of fluted disc, the rotation of fluted disc drives the gear rotation, thereby drive the stuff and rotate, then when the gyro wheel rolls to the rake from the top of spout, the profile of tooth portion on the fluted disc is with gear separation, gear rotation 180, thereby make stuff rotate 180, when the gyro wheel rolls to the bottom of spout, the other adjacent both sides wall of stuff pastes the surface of tight two abrasive bands, thereby polish the other both sides wall of stuff.
And step four, taking materials.
After polishing, the motor is turned off, the adjusting head is rotated, the clamping blocks at the right end are moved rightwards, the battens are loosened by the two clamping blocks, and then the battens are taken out.
Compared with the prior art, the invention mainly has the following advantages:
1. the two grinding mechanisms can be used for grinding two adjacent side walls of the batten simultaneously, so that the processing time is shortened, and the processing efficiency is improved;
2. the turnover mechanism is arranged, so that the battens can be automatically turned over by 180 degrees, and the other two side walls of the battens are conveniently polished;
3. two grinding machanisms and tilting mechanism mutually support, only need to polish twice, can polish four lateral walls of stuff, have practiced thrift the time of polishing, have improved work efficiency.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated by the non-limiting examples given in the accompanying drawings;
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic front view of the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a left side view of the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention with the wood strips removed;
FIG. 7 is a partial schematic view of the structure at B in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure of FIG. 6 at C;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the box body of the left flip unit in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the right clamping mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention with the gears removed;
the main element symbols are as follows:
the device comprises a frame 1, a motor 2, a first chain wheel 21, a second chain wheel 22, a third chain wheel 23, a first bearing seat 31, a first rotating shaft 32, a fourth chain wheel 35, a first driving bevel gear 36, a first bevel shaft 37, a second bevel shaft 38, a first shaft sleeve 39, a first driven bevel gear 310, a driving gear 311, a second shaft sleeve 312, a driven gear 313, a driving pulley 314, a third bevel shaft 315, a driven pulley 316, a box 41, a reduction box 42, a fifth chain wheel 43, a second driving bevel gear 44, a second rotating shaft 45, a second driven bevel gear 46, a fluted disc 47, a cam 48, a sliding groove 481, a long strip-shaped through hole 49, a mandril 51, a roller 52, a chuck 53, a clamping block 54, an adjusting head 55, a gear 56, a second bearing seat 61, a long shaft 62, a sixth chain wheel 63 and a batten 7.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art can better understand the present invention, the following technical solutions are further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, the polishing device for wooden door processing of the present invention includes a frame 1, the frame 1 is formed by welding square steel pipes or channel steel, in order to clamp a batten 7, a clamping mechanism is installed on the frame 1, the clamping mechanism includes a left clamping mechanism and a right clamping mechanism, the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism have substantially the same structure, and both include a top rod 51, a gear 56 is connected to a tail portion of the top rod 51, the difference between the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism is that a clamping block 54 is connected to a front end of the top rod 51 in the left clamping mechanism, and an adjusting head 55 is connected to a front end of the top rod 51 in the right clamping mechanism. In addition, in order to increase the friction force and facilitate the worker to rotate the adjusting head 55, the surface of the adjusting head 55 is provided with anti-slip threads. The front end of the adjusting head 55 is connected with the clamping blocks 54, and the distance between the two clamping blocks can be changed by rotating the adjusting head 55, so that the battens can be conveniently disassembled and assembled.
In operation, the installation of the wooden strip 7 is first required. The technical scheme of the invention is only suitable for battens with square sections, is not suitable for battens with other shapes, and has the same size. During installation, a worker places the batten 7 between the two clamping blocks 54 to enable one edge of the batten 7 to face to the right lower side, and then rotates the adjusting head 55 to enable the clamping block 54 at the right end to move leftwards until the two clamping blocks 54 clamp the batten 7 tightly.
The left end of the frame 1 is provided with a motor 2 as a power source, and an output shaft of the motor 2 is connected with a first chain wheel 21 (such as a chain wheel at the middle position on the output shaft of the motor 2 in fig. 2). In order to polish two adjacent side walls of the batten 7 simultaneously, two polishing mechanisms are installed on the rack 1 and comprise a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism, and the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism are identical in structure and are symmetrically arranged front and back.
The first grinding mechanism further comprises a first bearing seat 31, the first bearing seat 31 is installed on the frame 1, a first rotating shaft 32 is connected in the first bearing seat 31, a fourth chain wheel 35 and a first drive bevel gear 36 are connected to the left end and the right end of the first rotating shaft 32 respectively, and the fourth chain wheel 35 of the first grinding mechanism and the fourth chain wheel 35 of the second grinding mechanism are connected with the first chain wheel 21 through chains, so that the three chain wheels rotate synchronously.
The left end of the frame 1 is also connected with a first inclined shaft 37 and a second inclined shaft 38, the first inclined shaft 37 is parallel to the second inclined shaft 38, and is 45 degrees with the horizontal plane, and because the two grinding mechanisms are symmetrically arranged, an included angle between the second inclined shaft 38 in the first grinding mechanism and the second inclined shaft 38 in the second grinding mechanism is 90 degrees, and the included angle is just matched with the included angles of two adjacent side walls of the wood strip 7.
The first inclined shaft 37 is rotatably connected with a first shaft sleeve 39, the first shaft sleeve 39 is connected with a first driven bevel gear 310 and a driving gear 311 which are meshed with the first driving bevel gear 36, the second inclined shaft 38 is rotatably connected with a second shaft sleeve 312, and the second shaft sleeve 312 is connected with a driven gear 313 and a driving pulley 314 which are meshed with the driving gear 311.
The right end of the frame 1 is further connected with a third oblique shaft 315, the third oblique shaft 315 is parallel to the second oblique shaft 38, the third oblique shaft 315 is rotatably connected with a third shaft sleeve, the third shaft sleeve is connected with a driven pulley 316, an abrasive belt (not shown in the figure) is wound between the driving pulley 314 and the driven pulley 316, an included angle between the second oblique shaft 38 in the first grinding mechanism and the second oblique shaft 38 in the second grinding mechanism is 90 degrees, so that the included angle between the abrasive belts in the two grinding mechanisms is 90 degrees, the two abrasive belts form a V-shape, and the lower end of the two abrasive belts has almost no gap, when the batten 7 is installed, two adjacent side walls on the lower side of the batten 7 just cling to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts respectively, and the central line of the batten 7 coincides with the central line of the mandril 51. In addition, in the present embodiment, in order to increase the friction force between the pulley and the abrasive belt and prevent the abrasive belt from slipping, the surfaces of the driving pulley 314 and the driven pulley 316 are provided with anti-slip stripes.
When the wood strip 7 is polished, the motor 2 is started, the motor 2 drives the first chain wheel 21 to rotate, the first chain wheel 21 drives the fourth chain wheel 35 in the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism to synchronously rotate through a chain, the fourth chain wheel 35 sequentially transmits power to the first rotating shaft 32, the first driving bevel gear 36, the first driven bevel gear 310, the first shaft sleeve 39, the driving gear 311, the driven gear 313, the second shaft sleeve 312 and the driving pulley 314, so that the driving pulley 314, the driven pulley 316 and the abrasive belt rotate together, and the two abrasive belts polish two side walls of the lower side of the wood strip 7.
In order to automatically turn over the battens 7 after polishing, the output shaft of the motor 2 is further connected with a second chain wheel 22 (such as the chain wheel at the rightmost end of the output shaft of the motor 2 in figure 2), the frame 1 is further provided with a turning mechanism, the turning mechanism comprises a left turning unit and a right turning unit which are arranged in bilateral symmetry, the left turning unit and the right turning unit are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the frame 1, the left turning unit and the right turning unit are the same in structure and are arranged in bilateral symmetry, the two turning units respectively comprise a box body 41, the middle part of the mandril 51 is connected with two chucks 53, the two chucks 53 are clamped on the side wall of the box body 41, so that the mandril 51, the top rod 51 is limited, the side wall of the box body 41 is provided with a long strip-shaped through hole 49, the top rod 51 penetrates through the long strip-shaped through hole 49, and when the top rod 51 moves up and down, the top rod 51 moves up and down in the long strip-shaped through hole 49.
A reduction box 42 is installed in the box body 41, a fifth chain wheel 43 is connected to an input shaft of the reduction box 42, the second chain wheel 22 is connected with the fifth chain wheel 43 of the left turning unit through a chain, a second drive bevel gear 44 is connected to an output shaft of the reduction box 42, a second rotating shaft 45 is rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the box body 41, and a second driven bevel gear 46, a fluted disc 47 and a cam 48 which are meshed with the second drive bevel gear 44 are connected to the second rotating shaft 45.
Wherein the tooth-shaped part on the fluted disc 47 is of an incomplete gear structure, the gear ratio of the tooth number on the fluted disc 47 to the gear 56 is 1:2, the circumferential wall of the cam 48 is provided with a sliding groove 481, the sliding groove 481 is divided into a top part, an inclined part and a bottom part, only one top part is arranged in the whole sliding groove 481, the tail part of the ejector rod 51 is connected with a roller 52, and the roller 52 is in rolling connection in the sliding groove 481.
During turning, the fifth sprocket 43 transmits power to the reduction box 42, the second driving bevel gear 44, the second driven bevel gear 46 and the second rotating shaft 45 in sequence, so as to drive the fluted disc 47 and the cams 48 to rotate, when the roller 52 rolls from the bottom of the sliding groove 481 to the top through the inclined portion, the two cams 48 drive the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism to simultaneously ascend, so as to drive the batten 7 to ascend, so that the batten 7 is separated from the two abrasive belts, then the tooth-shaped portion of the fluted disc 47 is meshed with the gear 56, the rotation of the fluted disc 47 drives the gear 56 to rotate, the gear 56 drives the ejector rod 51 and the clamping block 54 to rotate, so as to drive the batten 7 to rotate, when the roller 52 rolls from the top of the sliding groove 481 to the inclined portion, the tooth-shaped portion on the fluted disc 47 is separated from the gear 56, because the tooth ratio of the tooth number on the fluted disc 47 to the gear 56 is 1:2, at this time, when the roller 52 rolls to the bottom of the sliding groove 481, the other adjacent two side walls of the batten 7 are tightly attached to the surfaces of the two sanding belts, so that the other two side walls of the batten 7 are sanded.
In order to enable the left turning unit and the right turning unit to work synchronously, the output shaft of the motor 2 is further connected with a third chain wheel 23 (such as the chain wheel at the leftmost end of the output shaft of the motor 2 in fig. 2), a synchronizing mechanism is connected between the left turning unit and the right turning unit, the synchronizing mechanism further comprises two second bearing blocks 61, the two second bearing blocks 61 are respectively installed at the left end and the right end of the bottom of the frame 1, a long shaft 62 is connected between the two second bearing blocks 61, the left end and the right end of the long shaft 62 are respectively connected with a sixth chain wheel 63, the third chain wheel 23 is connected with the sixth chain wheel 63 at the left end through a chain, and the sixth chain wheel 63 at the right end is connected with the fifth chain wheel 43.
During operation, the motor 2 drives the second chain wheel 22 and the third chain wheel 23 to rotate, wherein the third chain wheel 23 drives the sixth chain wheel 63 at the left end, the long shaft 62 and the sixth chain wheel 63 at the right end to rotate, and the sixth chain wheel 63 at the right end and the second chain wheel 22 respectively drive the fifth chain wheel 43 in the right turning unit and the left turning unit to rotate, so that the left turning unit and the right turning unit can synchronously operate.
The invention also provides a using method of the grinding device for the wooden door processing, which mainly comprises the following steps,
step one, installation.
The worker places the wooden strip 7 on the two abrasive belts so that the two adjacent side walls of the lower side of the wooden strip 7 respectively cling to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts and the wooden strip 7 is positioned between the two clamping blocks 54, and then rotates the adjusting head 55 to move the clamping block 54 at the right end to the left until the two clamping blocks 54 clamp the wooden strip 7.
And step two, polishing.
The motor 2 is started, the motor 2 drives the first chain wheel 21 to rotate, the first chain wheel 21 drives a fourth chain wheel 35 in the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism to synchronously rotate through a chain, the fourth chain wheel 35 sequentially transmits power to the first rotating shaft 32, the first driving bevel gear 36, the first driven bevel gear 310, the first shaft sleeve 39, the driving gear 311, the driven gear 313, the second shaft sleeve 312 and the driving belt wheel 314, so that the driving belt wheel 314, the driven belt wheel 316 and the abrasive belt rotate together, and the two abrasive belts polish two side walls of the lower side of the batten 7.
And step three, overturning.
The motor 2 drives the second chain wheel 22 and the third chain wheel 23 to rotate, wherein the third chain wheel 23 drives the sixth chain wheel 63 at the left end to rotate through a chain, the sixth chain wheel 63 at the left end sequentially transmits power to the long shaft 62 and the sixth chain wheel 63 at the right end, the sixth chain wheel 63 at the right end drives the fifth chain wheel 43 in the right turnover unit to rotate through the chain, and meanwhile, the second chain wheel 22 drives the fifth chain wheel 43 in the left turnover unit to rotate through the chain;
the fifth sprocket 43 then transmits power to the reduction box 42, the second driving bevel gear 44, the second driven bevel gear 46 and the second rotating shaft 45 in sequence, so as to drive the fluted disc 47 and the cams 48 to rotate, when the roller 52 rolls from the bottom of the sliding groove 481 to the top through the inclined portion, the two cams 48 drive the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism to simultaneously ascend, so as to drive the batten 7 to ascend, so as to separate the batten 7 from the two abrasive belts, then the toothed portion of the fluted disc 47 is meshed with the gear 56, the rotation of the fluted disc 47 drives the gear 56 to rotate, the gear 56 drives the ejector rod 51 and the clamping block 54 to rotate, so as to drive the batten 7 to rotate, and then when the roller 52 rolls from the top of the sliding groove 481 to the inclined portion, the ratio of the number of teeth on the fluted disc 47 to the number of teeth of the gear 56 is 1:2, so that the gear 56 rotates 180 °, so as to rotate the batten 7 180, when the roller 52 rolls to the bottom of the sliding groove 481, the other adjacent two side walls of the batten 7 are tightly attached to the surfaces of the two sanding belts, so that the other two side walls of the batten 7 are sanded.
And step four, taking materials.
After the polishing is finished, the motor 2 is turned off, the adjusting head 55 is rotated, the clamping blocks 54 at the right end are moved rightwards, the two clamping blocks 54 loosen the battens 7, and then the battens 7 are taken out.
The polishing device for processing the wooden door and the use method thereof provided by the invention are described in detail above. The description of the specific embodiments is only intended to facilitate an understanding of the method of the invention and its core ideas. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, it is possible to make various improvements and modifications to the present invention without departing from the principle of the present invention, and those improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a grinding device for timber processing which characterized in that: the polishing machine comprises a rack (1), wherein a motor (2), a first polishing mechanism and a second polishing mechanism are mounted on the rack (1), an output shaft of the motor (2) is connected with a first chain wheel (21), the first chain wheel (21) is connected with the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism, and the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism are identical in structure and are symmetrically arranged in the front-back direction;
wherein the first grinding mechanism further comprises a first bearing seat (31), the first bearing seat (31) is installed on the frame (1), a first rotating shaft (32) is connected in the first bearing seat (31), the left end and the right end of the first rotating shaft (32) are respectively connected with a fourth chain wheel (35) and a first bevel drive gear (36), the fourth chain wheel (35) of the first grinding mechanism and the fourth chain wheel (35) of the second grinding mechanism are connected with the first chain wheel (21) through chains, the left end of the frame (1) is further connected with a first inclined shaft (37) and a second inclined shaft (38), the first inclined shaft (37) is parallel to the second inclined shaft (38) and forms a 45 degree with the horizontal plane, the included angle between the second inclined shaft (38) of the first grinding mechanism and the second inclined shaft (38) of the second grinding mechanism is 90 degrees, and the first shaft sleeve (39) is rotatably connected on the first inclined shaft (37), the first shaft sleeve (39) is connected with a first driven bevel gear (310) and a driving gear (311), the first driven bevel gear (310) is meshed with a first driving bevel gear (36), the second inclined shaft (38) is rotatably connected with a second shaft sleeve (312), the second shaft sleeve (312) is connected with a driven gear (313) and a driving pulley (314), and the driven gear (313) is meshed with the driving gear (311);
the right end of the frame (1) is further connected with a third inclined shaft (315), the third inclined shaft (315) is parallel to the second inclined shaft (38), the third inclined shaft (315) is rotatably connected with a third shaft sleeve, the third shaft sleeve is connected with a driven belt wheel (316), and an abrasive belt is wound between the driving belt wheel (314) and the driven belt wheel (316).
2. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 1, characterized in that: the surfaces of the driving pulley (314) and the driven pulley (316) are provided with anti-skid lines.
3. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 1, characterized in that: the turnover mechanism is further mounted on the rack (1) and comprises a left turnover unit and a right turnover unit which are arranged in bilateral symmetry, the left turnover unit and the right turnover unit are respectively mounted at the left end and the right end of the rack (1), and a synchronization mechanism is connected between the left turnover unit and the right turnover unit;
the left overturning unit and the right overturning unit both comprise box bodies (41), a reduction box (42) is installed in the box bodies (41), a fifth chain wheel (43) is connected to an input shaft of the reduction box (42), a second chain wheel (22) is further connected to an output shaft of the motor (2), the second chain wheel (22) is connected with the fifth chain wheel (43) of the left overturning unit through a chain, a second driving bevel gear (44) is connected to an output shaft of the reduction box (42), a second rotating shaft (45) is rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the box body (41), a second driven bevel gear (46), a fluted disc (47) and a cam (48) are connected to the second rotating shaft (45), the second driven bevel gear (46) is meshed with the second driving bevel gear (44), a tooth-shaped part on the fluted disc (47) is of an incomplete gear structure, and a sliding groove (481) is formed in the circumferential wall of the cam (48), the sliding groove (481) is divided into a top part, an inclined part and a bottom part, and the box body (41) is further connected with a clamping mechanism.
4. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 3, characterized in that: fixture includes left fixture and right fixture again, left side fixture installs on left upset unit, right side fixture installs on right upset unit, left side fixture and right fixture all include ejector pin (51), the end connection of ejector pin (51) has gear (56), rectangular shape through-hole (49) have been seted up on the lateral wall of box (41), ejector pin (51) pass rectangular shape through-hole (49), ejector pin (51) middle part is connected with two chucks (53), two chucks (53) block on the lateral wall of box (41), the front end of ejector pin (51) among the left side fixture is connected with clamp splice (54), the front end of ejector pin (51) among the right side fixture is connected with adjusts head (55), the front end of adjusting head (55) is connected with clamp splice (54).
5. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 4, characterized in that: the gear ratio of the number of teeth on the fluted disc (47) to the gear (56) is 1: 2.
6. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 4, characterized in that: the adjusting head (55) is connected with the ejector rod (51) through threads.
7. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 4, characterized in that: the surface of the adjusting head (55) is provided with anti-skid lines.
8. The grinding device for wooden door processing according to claim 4, characterized in that: the tail of the ejector rod (51) is connected with a roller (52), and the roller (52) is connected in the sliding groove (481) in a rolling mode.
9. A sanding device for wood door processing according to claims 1 to 8, characterised in that: the synchronous mechanism further comprises two second bearing seats (61), the two second bearing seats (61) are respectively installed at the left end and the right end of the bottom of the rack (1), a long shaft (62) is connected between the two second bearing seats (61), the left end and the right end of the long shaft (62) are respectively connected with a sixth chain wheel (63), a third chain wheel (23) is further connected onto an output shaft of the motor (2), the third chain wheel (23) is connected with the sixth chain wheel (63) at the left end through a chain, and the sixth chain wheel (63) at the right end is connected with a fifth chain wheel (43) in the right overturning unit through a chain.
10. The use method of the grinding device for wooden door processing as claimed in claim 9, wherein: mainly comprises the following steps of (1) carrying out,
step one, installation;
placing the batten (7) on the two abrasive belts, enabling two adjacent side walls on the lower side of the batten (7) to be respectively attached to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts, enabling the batten (7) to be located between the two clamping blocks (54), and then rotating the adjusting head (55) until the batten (7) is clamped by the two clamping blocks (54);
step two, polishing;
the motor (2) is started, the motor (2) drives a fourth chain wheel (35) in the first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism to synchronously rotate through a first chain wheel (21), the fourth chain wheel (35) sequentially transmits power to a first rotating shaft (32), a first driving bevel gear (36), a first driven bevel gear (310), a first shaft sleeve (39), a driving gear (311), a driven gear (313), a second shaft sleeve (312) and a driving belt wheel (314), so that the driving belt wheel (314), the driven belt wheel (316) and the abrasive belts rotate together, and the two abrasive belts polish two adjacent side walls of the lower side of the batten (7);
step three, turning over;
the motor (2) drives the second chain wheel (22) and the third chain wheel (23) to rotate, wherein the third chain wheel (23) drives the sixth chain wheel (63) at the left end to rotate through a chain, the sixth chain wheel (63) at the left end sequentially transmits power to the long shaft (62) and the sixth chain wheel (63) at the right end, and the sixth chain wheel (63) at the right end and the second chain wheel (22) respectively drive the fifth chain wheels (43) in the right overturning unit and the left overturning unit to rotate through the chain;
the fifth chain wheel (43) transmits power to the reduction gearbox (42), the second driving bevel gear (44), the second driven bevel gear (46) and the second rotating shaft (45) in sequence, so as to drive the fluted disc (47) and the cams (48) to rotate, when the roller (52) rolls to the top of the chute (481), the two cams (48) drive the left clamping mechanism and the right clamping mechanism to simultaneously ascend, so that the batten (7) ascends, then the tooth-shaped part of the fluted disc (47) is meshed with the gear (56), the rotation of the fluted disc (47) drives the gear (56) to rotate, so as to drive the batten (7) to rotate, then when the roller (52) rolls to the inclined part from the top of the chute (481), the tooth-shaped part on the fluted disc (47) is separated from the gear (56), and when the roller (52) rolls to the bottom of the chute (481), the other adjacent two abrasive belts of the batten (7) are tightly attached to the surfaces of the two abrasive belts, so as to polish the other two side walls of the batten (7);
taking materials;
after polishing, the motor (2) is turned off, the adjusting head (55) is rotated to enable the two clamping blocks (54) to loosen the battens (7), and then the battens (7) are taken out.
CN201911253776.3A 2019-12-09 2019-12-09 Polishing device for wooden door processing and using method thereof Active CN110919502B (en)

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