Angle steel processing combined production line
The invention relates to the technical field of machining equipment, in particular to angle steel machining equipment, and particularly relates to an angle steel machining combined production line.
In the industries of electric power systems, bridges, telecommunications, geology, buildings and the like, mechanisms such as columns, brackets, frames and the like formed by processing angle steels are often used.
When the angle steel is used as an upright post, one end of the angle steel is usually subjected to sharpening processing and then used for convenience in use. Along with the development of the industry, the demand of angle steel needing to be cut to be sharp is increased year by year, because the traditional angle steel is generally cut and machined by a cutting machine, an operator needs to hold the angle steel on the cutting machine during cutting, after one side of the point of the angle steel needing to be cut is positioned, the cutting machine is used for cutting one side of the angle steel, then the other side of the point of the angle steel workpiece needing to be cut is turned by an angle and is repositioned, and then the cutting machine is used for cutting and machining the other side of the point of the angle steel needing to be cut. The cutting processing speed is low, the noise is high, and the cutting quality is greatly influenced by human factors of operators.
In order to improve the efficiency and quality of angle steel cutting, a new machining method has been proposed for angle steel cutting, and patent document No. CN206550196U discloses a cutting device named as a "cutting tool" which abandons the method of machining by a cutting machine and performs machining by a shearing method, thus greatly improving the quality and efficiency of angle steel cutting. However, according to the processing method provided in the patent document, in order to reduce the cost, the processing method is not favorable for the large-scale production of angle steel sharpening because the angle steel needs to be processed by the fixed placing device at one end and the workpiece needs to be unloaded from the end during processing, and the angle steel sharpening device which is more convenient to process and is favorable for industrial production is required at present.
When the angle steel is used as a bracket or a frame, the angle steel often needs to be subjected to angle folding processing, in order to fold the angle steel, a right-angle notch is processed on one side surface of the position, where the angle steel needs to be folded, of the angle steel, and then the angle steel is manually bent at the notch.
In the existing angle steel bevel processing equipment, a punch press can be used for punching right-angle notches on angle steel, but the subsequent bevel still needs manual bevel folding, so that the defects of low processing efficiency, unreliable quality and high labor intensity exist.
Because the existing angle steel processing equipment can provide punching and cutting processing operations, if the existing angle steel processing equipment can be further designed to be simultaneously suitable for processing angle steel punching, sharpening, cutting and bending angles, the efficiency of angle steel processing can be greatly improved, and the labor intensity of workers can be effectively reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the angle steel processing combined production line which has high processing efficiency and greatly reduces the labor intensity of workers.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme, provides an angle steel processing combined production line, which comprises a blanking mechanism, a feeding mechanism and an angle steel processing multifunctional all-in-one machine, wherein the angle steel processing multifunctional all-in-one machine is connected with a material conveying device, the material conveying device is also connected with a corner folding device or a material receiving frame, the angle steel processing multifunctional all-in-one machine comprises a frame type machine body, a punching mechanism and a cutting mechanism, two groups of shearing mechanisms are fixedly connected with a frame type machine base, the front and back positions of the two groups of shearing mechanisms are staggered and are divided into an inner side position and an outer side position, the shearing mechanisms at the inner side position and the outer side position are symmetrically arranged in the left and right direction, each shearing mechanism comprises a positioning unit and a shearing unit which are matched with angle steel, each positioning unit is provided with a positioning bracket which is fixedly connected with the frame type machine body, and, the pressure head fixed connection of punching press hydro-cylinder compress tightly the ejector pin, still be equipped with on the locating support and compress tightly the pressure material frame of the support angle steel another side that the ejector pin position is relative, support the work or material rest and press the material frame respectively have a side to intersect together and laminate mutually with the lateral surface of angle steel, the shearing unit includes shearing sword, shearing support and the shearing hydro-cylinder of fixed mounting on frame fuselage down, shearing support and frame fuselage coupling, go up to shear the sword and fix the one end of shearing the support, the other end of shearing the support is articulated with the hydro-cylinder pressure head of shearing the hydro-cylinder, down shear sword fixed mounting in the support the work or material rest on, feeding mechanism matches and carries the angle steel accuracy to the work or material rest with the locating unit.
After the scheme is adopted, the existing blanking mechanism and the existing feeding mechanism in the production of the angle steel punching equipment in the prior art are matched on the basis of the existing punching mechanism, the angle steel is punched, subjected to angle cutting and cut-off processing by the angle steel processing multifunctional integrated machine, the processed angle steel is matched with the conveying device, the cut and segmented angle steel is further conveyed to the angle folding device through the conveying device to be subjected to angle folding processing or collected on the material collecting frame, and although manual participation is not left in the angle folding processing on the angle steel angle folding device, the angle steel punching, angle cutting, cut-off and angle folding production line combined production is realized on the whole, the angle steel processing production efficiency is greatly improved, and the labor intensity of workers is effectively reduced.
Preferably, the punching mechanism and the shearing mechanism at the inner side position or/and the outer side position are of an integrated structure, the punching mechanism comprises an upper punching die assembly, a lower punching die and a punching oil cylinder which support one side surface of the angle steel, the positioning support comprises a fixed plate and a movable plate, the fixed plate is fixedly connected with the frame type machine body, the movable plate is movably connected with the fixed plate through a slide rail and a lead screw transmission mechanism driven by a servo motor, the punching oil cylinder is fixedly arranged on the movable plate, the upper punching die assembly is opposite to the lower punching die in position, the movable plate is further provided with a die sleeve, the die sleeve is sleeved with a material support and pressing frame, the upper punching die assembly and the lower punching die through a limiting groove concave-convex structure, the upper punching die assembly comprises an upper punching die sleeve and at least one punching rod embedded in the upper punching die sleeve, the punching rod is movably embedded in the upper punching die sleeve through a spring device, the utility model discloses a plunger chip press, including punch rod, connecting piece, cushion slide, push rod, connecting piece, the punch rod fixed mounting have the drift, the upper punch cover with compress tightly one side and the punching press hydro-cylinder fixed connection of ejector pin through the connecting piece that is equipped with, the connecting piece in be equipped with two at least cushion slides, the side of cushion slide be equipped with the tight cylinder in top of fixing on the fly leaf, the piston rod head fixedly connected with cushion of the tight cylinder in top, cushion and cover locate sliding fit's cushion slide in, the connecting piece be equipped with the passageway of installation upper punch cover and compress tightly the ejector pin, upper punch cover with compress tightly the ejector pin and hang in the installation passageway of connecting piece through the T type briquetting that sets firmly, every punch rod and. According to the preferred scheme, the punching mechanism and the tip cutting mechanism are more simplified integrally, and the overall cost of equipment is effectively reduced.
Preferably, the cutting mechanism and the shearing mechanism at the outer side position are of an integrated structure, the shearing mechanism comprises an upper cutting knife, a lower cutting die and a turnover oil cylinder, the cylinder body of the turning oil cylinder is hinged with the bottom of the frame-type machine body, the pressure head of the turning oil cylinder is hinged with one side part of the middle lower part of the fixed plate, the fixed plate is coupled with the frame-type machine body by a shaft, the axis of the rotating shaft of the fixed plate is superposed with the side edges formed by the intersection of the two side surfaces of the angle steel, the upper cutting-off tool comprises an upper cutting-off tool bar and an upper cutting-off tool fixed at the head of the upper cutting-off tool bar, the lower cutting-off die is sleeved in the die sleeve through a concave-convex structure of a limiting groove, the upper cutting knife bar is hung in the mounting channel on the connecting piece through a fixed T-shaped block, and the upper cutting knife is opposite to the lower cutting die. The design of the cutting mechanism and the tip cutting mechanism is simplified integrally by the preferred scheme, and the cost of equipment is effectively reduced.
Preferably, the angle folding device comprises a machine base and a shearing oil cylinder, wherein one end of the machine base in the feeding direction is provided with a positioning pin, the positioning pin is locked in the feeding direction and is movable in the direction perpendicular to the feeding direction, the shearing oil cylinder is fixed on the machine base through a support, an upper tool apron is fixedly arranged on a pressure head of the shearing oil cylinder, the upper tool apron is provided with a sliding rail in sliding fit with the support, a shearing upper tool is fixedly arranged on the upper tool apron, a corresponding lower tool apron is fixedly arranged on the machine base below the upper tool apron, a shearing lower tool is fixedly arranged on the lower tool apron, a positioning oil cylinder is further arranged on the inner side of the lower tool apron, the pressure head of the positioning oil cylinder stretches out and then presses against the bottom surface of the upper tool apron and pushes the upper tool apron upwards by a distance equal to the thickness of angle steel, an angle folding oil cylinder is further arranged on the outer side of the lower tool apron, and a cylinder body, the pressure head of the bevel oil cylinder is fixedly provided with a bevel female die, and the outer side of the lower tool holder is provided with a bevel convex surface matched with the bevel female die. When the angle folding device of the preferred scheme carries out angle folding processing on angle steel, a material conveying device conveys cut angle steel to an angle folding device, the angle steel is placed on a lower cutter seat on a machine base under the assistance of manpower and is positioned by a positioning pin, then a shearing oil cylinder drives the upper cutter seat to move downwards, the lower cutter seat is not moved, a bottom surface of the angle steel is sheared into a right-angle notch due to the interaction of a shearing upper cutter and the shearing lower cutter, after the shearing is finished, the shearing oil cylinder releases pressure and starts the positioning oil cylinder, a pressure head of the positioning oil cylinder pushes upwards and pushes the upper cutter seat upwards by a distance of the thickness of the angle steel, an angle folding concave die is arranged on the angle folding oil cylinder, an angle folding convex surface matched with the angle folding concave die is arranged on the outer side surface of the angle folding oil cylinder, and after the angle folding oil cylinder is started, the side surface of the angle steel at the angle folding position is pushed and pressed by the angle folding concave die, and is folded into a corresponding, the upper tool apron of the beveling device provided by the preferred scheme can be used as a beveling male die at the same time, the integration degree is higher, and the equipment manufacturing cost is lower.
Preferably, the positioning oil cylinder is a stroke-adjustable oil cylinder. The stroke of this preferred scheme according to the thickness of angle steel to the location hydro-cylinder is adjusted, and the suitability is strong.
Preferably, the positioning pin is adjustable in position in the feeding direction of the machine base and has a locking mechanism. The preferred scheme can adjust the position of the positioning material to adapt to the bevel processing of angle steels with different bevel positions or different lengths, and further improves the application range of products.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding channel with a conveying roller structure and a feeding trolley driven by a servo motor, the feeding trolley is provided with an angle steel clamping device driven by a cylinder, and the angle steel is conveyed to the positioning unit through the feeding trolley. The feeding mechanism of the preferred scheme has the advantages of simple structure and accurate feeding, and is a commonly used angle steel feeding mechanism.
Preferably, the material platform is provided with a conveying belt which is provided with a shifting fork and circularly conveys. This preferred scheme can cooperate manual operation to realize that the angle steel carries to feeding mechanism's action from the material platform, simple structure, and the cost is lower, also is the angle steel material platform structure commonly used now.
Preferably, the material conveying device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers driven by motors, the material receiving frame is a support with a limiting rod, and the material receiving frame is positioned below the conveying rollers at the outlet of the material conveying device. The material conveying device of the preferred scheme has the advantages of simple structure, stable material conveying and lower cost, and is a material conveying device commonly used in the existing production line.
In conclusion, the angle steel punching, sharpening, cutting and angle folding production and processing device realizes the production and processing of angle steel punching, sharpening, cutting and angle folding by using one production line, and has the beneficial effects of high processing efficiency and low labor intensity.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an integral connection structure of a combined production line for processing angle steel according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the multifunctional angle steel processing all-in-one machine adopted in the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the inner side shearing mechanism of the part A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the B-section outside shearing mechanism in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a bevel device used in the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the upper tool post and the bevel die shown in FIG. 5;
shown in the figure:
1. blanking mechanism, 2, feeding mechanism, 3, angle steel processing multifunctional integrated machine, 3.1, frame type machine body, 3.2, shearing mechanism, 3.2.1, positioning unit, 126.96.36.199, positioning bracket, 188.8.131.52a, fixing plate, 184.108.40.206b, movable plate, 220.127.116.11, material supporting frame, 18.104.22.168, stamping oil cylinder, 22.214.171.124, pressing ejector rod, 3.2.2, shearing unit, 126.96.36.199, upper shearing knife, 188.8.131.52, lower shearing knife, 184.108.40.206, shearing bracket, 220.127.116.11, shearing oil cylinder, 3.3, feeding mechanism, 3.4, punching mechanism, 3.4.1, upper die assembly, 18.104.22.168, upper die sleeve, 22.214.171.124, punch rod, 126.96.36.199, 3.4.2, lower die, 3.5, die sleeve, 3.6, connecting piece, 3.6.1, upper die assembly, lower die assembly, upper die cutting rod, 3635.8, upper cutting cylinder, upper cutting die cutting block, 3635, 3.8, 3655, 3.8, upper die cutting block, 3.7.8, upper die cutting cylinder, 3635, 368, upper die cutting block, 368, 3.7.8, 3.8, 188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3, 220.127.116.11.3.3, 3, 18.104.22.168., The beveling device comprises 5.1 parts of a machine base, 5.2 parts of a shearing oil cylinder, 5.3 parts of a support, 5.4 parts of an upper cutter seat, 5.5 parts of a shearing upper cutter, 5.6 parts of a lower cutter seat, 5.7 parts of a shearing lower cutter, 5.8 parts of a positioning oil cylinder, 5.9 parts of a beveling oil cylinder, 5.10 parts of a beveling female die, 6 parts of a material collecting frame.
In order to clearly illustrate the technical features of the present invention, the present invention is further illustrated by the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a combined production line for processing angle steel comprises a blanking mechanism 1 and a feeding mechanism 2, and further comprises a multifunctional integrated machine for processing angle steel 3, wherein the multifunctional integrated machine for processing angle steel 3 is connected with a feeding device 4, the feeding device 4 is further connected with a corner folding device 5, a material receiving frame 6 is arranged behind the corner folding device 5, the multifunctional integrated machine for processing angle steel 3 comprises a frame-type machine body 3.1, a punching mechanism 3.4 and a cutting mechanism 3.7, two groups of shearing mechanisms 3.2 are fixedly connected with the frame-type machine base 3.1, the front and back positions of the two groups of shearing mechanisms 3.2 are staggered and divided into an inner position and an outer position, the shearing mechanisms 3.2 of the inner position and the outer position are symmetrically arranged in the left and right directions, the shearing mechanisms 3.2 comprise a positioning unit 3.2.1 and a shearing unit 22.214.171.124 which are matched with angle steel, the positioning unit 3.2.1 is provided with a positioning support 3.2.1 which is fixedly connected with the frame-type machine, the positioning bracket 126.96.36.199 is fixedly provided with a material supporting frame 188.8.131.52 and a stamping oil cylinder 184.108.40.206 which support one side surface of the angle steel, the pressure head of the stamping oil cylinder 220.127.116.11 is fixedly connected with a pressing mandril 18.104.22.168, a material pressing frame 22.214.171.124 which is opposite to the position of the pressing mandril 126.96.36.199 and is arranged on the other side surface of the supporting angle steel is also arranged on the positioning bracket 188.8.131.52, the material supporting frame 184.108.40.206 and the material pressing frame 220.127.116.11 are respectively provided with a side surface which is intersected together and is jointed with the outer side surface of the angle steel, the shearing unit 3.2.2 comprises an upper shearing knife 18.104.22.168, a lower shearing knife 3.2.2, a shearing support 22.214.171.124 and a shearing oil cylinder 126.96.36.199 fixedly arranged on the frame type machine body 3.1, the shearing support 188.8.131.52 is coupled with the frame-type machine body 3.1, the upper shearing knife 184.108.40.206 is fixed at one end of the shearing support 220.127.116.11, the other end of the shearing support 18.104.22.168 is hinged with the oil cylinder pressure head of the shearing oil cylinder 22.214.171.124, the lower shearing knife 126.96.36.199 is fixedly arranged on the material supporting frame 188.8.131.52, the feeding mechanism 2 is matched with the positioning unit 3.2.1 and accurately conveys the angle steel to the material supporting frame 184.108.40.206.
In this embodiment, the punching mechanism 3.4 and the shearing mechanism 3.2 at the inner side position or/and the outer side position are of an integrated structure, the punching mechanism 3.4 includes an upper punch assembly 3.4.1, a lower punch 3.4.2 and a punch oil cylinder 220.127.116.11, the lower punch 3.4 supports one side surface of the angle steel, the positioning bracket 18.104.22.168 includes a fixed plate 22.214.171.124a and a movable plate 126.96.36.199b, the fixed plate 188.8.131.52a is fixedly connected with the frame type machine body 3.1, the movable plate 184.108.40.206b is movably connected with the fixed plate 220.127.116.11a through a slide rail and a lead screw transmission mechanism driven by a servo motor, the punch oil cylinder 18.104.22.168 is fixedly installed on the movable plate 22.214.171.124.1 b, the upper punch assembly 3.4.1 is opposite to the lower punch 3.4.2, the upper punch assembly 126.96.36.199b is further provided with an upper punch sleeve 3.5, the upper punch sleeve 3.5 is sleeved with a punch holder 188.8.131.52 and a punch holder assembly and a punch holder 39591.2 insert 34 and a punch holder assembly and a punch insert holder 3.2 insert pin assembly and a punch insert pin assembly 34, the punch rod 184.108.40.206 is movably embedded in the upper punch sleeve 220.127.116.11 through a spring device, the punch rod 18.104.22.168 is fixedly provided with a punch 22.214.171.124, the upper punch die sleeve 126.96.36.199 and the pressing mandril 188.8.131.52 are fixedly connected with the punching oil cylinder 184.108.40.206 through one side of a connecting piece 3.6, at least two cushion block slideways 3.6.1 are arranged in the connecting piece 3.6, a jacking cylinder 3.6.2 fixed on the movable plate 220.127.116.11b is arranged on the side surface of the cushion block slideways 3.6.1, the piston rod head of the jacking cylinder 3.6.2 is fixedly connected with a cushion block 3.6.3, the cushion block 3.6.3 is sleeved in a cushion block slideway 3.6.1 in sliding fit, the connecting piece 3.6 is provided with a channel for installing the upper punch sleeve 18.104.22.168 and the compaction mandril 22.214.171.124, the upper punch sleeve 126.96.36.199 and the pressing mandril 188.8.131.52 are hung in the mounting channel of the connecting piece 3.6 through the fixed T-shaped pressing block 3.6.4, each punch rod 184.108.40.206 and the pressing ejector rod 220.127.116.11 are provided with corresponding cushion block slide ways 3.6.1.
In this embodiment, the cutting mechanism 3.7 and the cutting mechanism 3.2 at the outer side are an integrated structure, the cutting mechanism 3.7 includes an upper cutting knife 3.7.1, a lower cutting die 3.7.2 and a turning cylinder 3.8, a cylinder body of the turning cylinder 3.8 is hinged to the bottom of the frame-type machine body 3.1, a pressure head of the turning cylinder 3.8 is hinged to one side of the middle lower portion of the fixed plate 18.104.22.168a, the fixed plate 22.214.171.124a is coupled to the frame-type machine body 3.1, a rotating shaft axis of the fixed plate 126.96.36.199a is overlapped with a side edge formed by intersecting two side faces of an angle steel, the upper cutting knife 3.7.1 includes an upper cutting knife rod 188.8.131.52 and an upper cutting knife 184.108.40.206 fixed to a head of the upper cutting knife rod 220.127.116.11, the lower cutting die 3.7.2 is sleeved in the die sleeve 3.5 through a limiting groove convex-concave structure, the upper cutting knife rod 18.104.22.168, the connecting piece 3.6 is provided with an upper cutting knife rod 63, and a hanging block 8678 is fixedly installed in the channel of the upper cutting knife rod 67863.3.6, the upper cutter 3.7.1 is located opposite the lower cutting die 3.7.2.
In this embodiment, the bevel device 5 includes a base 5.1 and a shearing cylinder 5.2, a positioning pin is disposed at one end of the base 5.1 in the feeding direction, the positioning pin is locked in the feeding direction and is movable in the direction perpendicular to the feeding direction, the shearing cylinder 5.2 is fixed to the base 5.1 by a bracket 5.3, an upper tool apron 5.4 is fixedly mounted on a pressing head of the shearing cylinder 5.2, the upper tool apron 5.4 has a slide rail in sliding fit with the bracket 5.3, an upper shearing tool 5.5 is fixedly disposed on the upper tool apron 5.4, a corresponding lower tool apron 5.6 is fixedly disposed on the base 5.1 below the upper tool apron 5.4, a lower shearing tool apron 5.7 is fixedly disposed on the lower tool apron 5.6, a positioning cylinder 5.8 is further disposed on the inner side of the lower tool apron 5.6, the pressing head of the positioning cylinder 5.8 is extended to press against the bottom surface of the upper tool apron 5.6 and push out the upper tool apron by a distance of a thickness, the outside of lower blade holder 5.6 still is equipped with dog-ear hydro-cylinder 5.9, dog-ear hydro-cylinder 5.9's cylinder body fixed frame 5.1 on, dog-ear hydro-cylinder 5.9's pressure head has set firmly dog-ear die 5.10, the lower blade holder 5.4 outside have the dog-ear convex surface that matches with dog-ear die 5.10.
In this embodiment, positioning cylinder 5.8 be the hydro-cylinder with adjustable stroke, the locating pin adjustable and have locking mechanism in frame 5.1's position on the feed direction, feeding mechanism 2 including the feeding way that has the conveying roller structure and by servo motor driven feeding dolly, feeding dolly be equipped with by cylinder driven angle steel clamping device, through feeding dolly carries the angle steel to positioning unit 3.2.1 on, material platform 1 has the conveyer belt that is equipped with the shift fork and carries in circulation, feeding device 4 include a plurality of motor driven conveying rollers, receive the below that work or material rest 6 is located conveying device 4 exit conveying roller for the support that has the gag lever post and receive work or material rest 6.
It should be noted that, in the implementation of the above technical solution, for example, the power output devices such as the oil cylinder and the servo motor are not driven and controlled by the corresponding controller, since the specific hardware structure and software part of the controller used can be directly designed and manufactured by adopting the prior art according to the action process and principle of the positioning and mechanical element, the detailed circuit structure and control flow of the controller in the technical solution of the present invention are not described in detail.
Finally, it should be further noted that the above examples and descriptions are not limited to the above embodiments, and technical features of the present invention that are not described may be implemented by or using the prior art, and are not described herein again; the above embodiments and drawings are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the present invention, and the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, additions or substitutions within the spirit and scope of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and shall also fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention.