Concrete reducing mechanism for building engineering
The invention relates to the field of concrete, in particular to a concrete crushing device for constructional engineering.
In order to save energy, the waste concrete is generally crushed and then used, so that the waste of building resources is avoided, the pollution of building waste to the environment is reduced, the problem of inconvenient feeding is caused when the existing concrete crusher for the construction engineering is used, and the labor intensity of workers is increased.
Chinese patent (publication No. CN 209646693U) discloses a concrete crusher for construction engineering, which is characterized in that a feeding barrel, a limiting cover and a movable plate are arranged, concrete to be crushed is poured into the feeding barrel, a worker pushes the limiting cover upwards by using a handle, the feeding barrel moves upwards in a sliding chute along with a pulley and rotates at the top of a crushing box by pushing the feeding barrel, the concrete is poured into the crushing box through a feeding hole to realize feeding, the feeding is convenient, and the labor force of the worker is reduced; although the device can realize automatic feeding, because the size of concrete is different, the concrete of finite piece is difficult for getting into the device, is not convenient for smash, influences the normal clear of work.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a concrete crushing device for constructional engineering, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a concrete reducing mechanism for building engineering, is including smashing the case, the lower extreme of smashing the case is provided with the landing leg, and the upper end of smashing the case is provided with the pillar, the upper end of pillar is provided with the feeding case, the lower extreme of feeding case is provided with the unloading pipe with smashing the case intercommunication, the upper end of feeding case is provided with elevating system, elevating system's upper end is provided with the lifter plate, install reciprocal elevating system on the lifter plate, reciprocal elevating system's lower extreme is connected with the crushing shell, the downside of crushing shell is provided with a plurality of broken teeth, and the inside bilateral symmetry of feeding case is provided with elastic mechanism, elastic mechanism's upper end is provided with the installing frame, be provided with the screening net on the installing frame.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the crushing box is provided with a controller.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the inside lower extreme of feeding case still is provided with the guide seat.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the elastic mechanism comprises a supporting seat and a telescopic column, a sliding cavity is arranged inside the supporting seat, a sliding plate is arranged inside the sliding cavity, a plurality of telescopic springs are arranged on the lower side of the sliding plate, and the upper side of the sliding plate is connected with the telescopic column.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the outer side of the telescopic column is connected with the supporting seat in a sliding mode.
As a still further scheme of the invention: reciprocating elevating system includes the box, the inside lower extreme bilateral symmetry of box is provided with first electro-magnet, the upside of first electro-magnet is provided with first spring, the upper end of first spring is provided with the second electro-magnet, the upside of second electro-magnet is provided with the second spring, the upper end of second spring is provided with the lift seat, the downside of lift seat is provided with the lift post.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the lower end of the lifting column is connected with the crushing plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the left end of smashing the case is provided with driving motor, driving motor's output is provided with the drive shaft, be provided with a plurality of vertical pivots in the drive shaft, be provided with a plurality of crushing sword in the vertical pivot.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the right end of drive shaft and crushing case rotate to be connected, and the inside of drive shaft is provided with the cavity, is provided with the actuating lever with crushing case fixed connection in the cavity, be provided with a plurality of first helical gears on the actuating lever.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the inner end of the vertical rotating shaft extends into the cavity, and a plurality of second bevel gears meshed with the first bevel gears are arranged at the inner end of the vertical rotating shaft.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the structure setting of this device, when the feeding, place the concrete on the screen cloth, utilize reciprocal elevating system drive breaker plate to strike the breakage to the concrete, when the screen cloth received the impact, the screen cloth vibrations from top to bottom under elastic mechanism's effect, make concrete and breaker plate collision, so circulate, realize the broken screening to the concrete, then enter into crushing incasement and smash, make the concrete be convenient for get into crushing incasement, time saving and labor saving, and improve broken efficiency, reduce the degree of difficulty of work.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a feed box.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the elastic mechanism.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the reciprocating telescoping mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the crushing box.
Fig. 6 is a partial cross-sectional view of fig. 5.
1-crushing box, 2-supporting leg, 3-supporting column, 4-feeding box, 5-lifting mechanism, 6-lifting plate, 7-reciprocating lifting mechanism, 8-elastic mechanism, 9-mounting frame, 10-screening net, 11-lifting column, 12-crushing plate, 13-crushing tooth, 14-guide seat, 15-discharging tube, 16-supporting seat, 17-telescopic column, 18-sliding cavity, 19-sliding plate, 20-telescopic spring, 21-box body, 22-first electromagnet, 23-first spring, 24-second electromagnet, 25-second spring, 26-lifting seat, 27-driving motor, 28-driving shaft, 29-vertical rotating shaft, 30-crushing knife, 31-cavity, 32-driving shaft, 33-first bevel gear, 34-second bevel gear.
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
The following disclosure provides many different embodiments, or examples, for implementing different features of the invention. To simplify the disclosure of the present invention, the components and arrangements of specific examples are described below. Of course, they are merely examples and are not intended to limit the present invention. Furthermore, the present invention may repeat reference numerals and/or letters in the various examples. This repetition is for the purpose of simplicity and clarity and does not in itself dictate a relationship between the various embodiments and/or configurations discussed.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, in an embodiment of the present invention, a concrete pulverizing apparatus for construction engineering includes a pulverizing box 1, the lower end of the crushing box 1 is provided with a supporting leg 2, the upper end of the crushing box 1 is provided with a supporting column 3, the upper end of the supporting column 3 is provided with a feeding box 4, the lower end of the feeding box 4 is provided with a blanking pipe 15 communicated with the crushing box 1, the upper end of the feeding box 4 is provided with a lifting mechanism 5, the upper end of the lifting mechanism 5 is provided with a lifting plate 6, the lifting plate 6 is provided with a reciprocating lifting mechanism 7, the lower end of the reciprocating lifting mechanism 7 is connected with a crushing plate 12, the lower side of the crushing plate 12 is provided with a plurality of crushing teeth 13, the interior of the feeding box 4 is provided with elastic mechanisms 8 in bilateral symmetry, the upper end of the elastic mechanism 8 is provided with a mounting frame 9, and the mounting frame 9 is provided with a screening net 10. The structure setting of this device, when the feeding, place the concrete on screening net 10, utilize 5 drive breaker plates 12 of reciprocal elevating system to strike the breakage to the concrete, when screening net 10 received the impact, the screening net can shake from top to bottom under elastic mechanism 8's effect, make concrete and breaker plates 12 collide, so circulate, realize the broken screening to the concrete, then it smashes to enter into crushing case 1, make the concrete be convenient for get into crushing case 1 in, time saving and labor saving, and improve broken efficiency, reduce the degree of difficulty of work.
The crushing box 1 is provided with a controller. The lower end of the interior of the feeding box 4 is also provided with a material guiding seat 14. The concrete is convenient to feed.
Elastic mechanism 8 includes supporting seat 16 and flexible post 17, the inside of supporting seat 16 is provided with sliding chamber 18, the inside of sliding chamber 18 is provided with slide 19, slide 19's downside is provided with a plurality of expanding spring 20, and slide 19's upside is connected with flexible post 17, the outside and the supporting seat 16 sliding connection of flexible post 17.
The reciprocating lifting mechanism 7 comprises a box body 21, wherein first electromagnets 22 are symmetrically arranged at the left and right sides of the lower end in the box body 21, first springs 23 are arranged on the upper sides of the first electromagnets 22, second electromagnets 24 are arranged at the upper ends of the first springs 23, second springs 25 are arranged on the upper sides of the second electromagnets 24, lifting seats 26 are arranged at the upper ends of the second springs 25, lifting columns 11 are arranged on the lower sides of the lifting seats 26, and the lower ends of the lifting columns 11 are connected with the crushing plate 12. The setting of this structure, the up-and-down motion of the on-off control breaker 12 of the first electro-magnet 22 of control and second electro-magnet 24, easy operation, quick realization are to the breakage of concrete, through the buffering of first spring 23, second spring 25, and greatly reduced during operation breaker striking 12 concrete is to the injury of device, easy operation, long service life, work efficiency is high.
On the basis of the first embodiment, a driving motor 27 is arranged at the left end of the crushing box 1, a driving shaft 28 is arranged at the output end of the driving motor 27, a plurality of vertical rotating shafts 29 are arranged on the driving shaft 28, a plurality of crushing knives 30 are arranged on the vertical rotating shafts 29, the right end of the driving shaft 29 is rotatably connected with the crushing box 1, a cavity 31 is arranged inside the driving shaft 29, a driving rod 32 fixedly connected with the crushing box 1 is arranged in the cavity 31, a plurality of first bevel gears 33 are arranged on the driving rod 32, the inner end of the vertical rotating shaft 29 extends into the cavity 31, and a plurality of second bevel gears 34 meshed with the first bevel gears 33 are arranged at the inner end of the vertical rotating shaft 29. The setting of this structure can realize horizontal crushing in vertical kibbling, improves kibbling efficiency and kibbling quality, and the practicality is strong.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.