CN110898951A - Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking - Google Patents

Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110898951A
CN110898951A CN201911135104.2A CN201911135104A CN110898951A CN 110898951 A CN110898951 A CN 110898951A CN 201911135104 A CN201911135104 A CN 201911135104A CN 110898951 A CN110898951 A CN 110898951A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
kitchen waste
barrel
extrusion
single screw
drying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911135104.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾广胜
江太君
孟聪
胡灿
陈一
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan University of Technology
Original Assignee
Hunan University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan University of Technology filed Critical Hunan University of Technology
Priority to CN201911135104.2A priority Critical patent/CN110898951A/en
Publication of CN110898951A publication Critical patent/CN110898951A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/22Crushing mills with screw-shaped crushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/12Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing
    • B30B9/14Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using pressing worms or screws co-operating with a permeable casing operating with only one screw or worm
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The kitchen waste drying and crushing device comprises a storage barrel and an extrusion barrel, wherein the storage barrel is connected with the extrusion barrel through a material passing pipe, a material pressing mechanism is arranged in the storage barrel, a single screw rod is arranged inside the extrusion barrel and is controlled by a driving motor connected with the single screw rod, and the extrusion barrel is further provided with a discharge hole and a water outlet. According to the invention, the independent storage barrel is adopted for feeding, the upward conveying of the kitchen waste is completed by virtue of the extrusion conveying action of the vertical extrusion barrel and the single screw, and the shredding and drying of the kitchen waste are completed under the drying action of the heater, so that the treated kitchen waste powder is dry and comfortable in texture and greatly reduced in peculiar smell, and the dried kitchen waste powder can be widely applied to feed processing and field returning fertilization, and the sanitation problem and the high-valued utilization problem of the kitchen waste are solved.

Description

Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of garbage cleaning devices, in particular to a kitchen garbage drying and crushing device.
Background
The kitchen waste is a mixture of various food scraps produced in the process of processing food in a kitchen, the types of the food scraps relate to plant roots and stems, meat scraps, bones, melon and fruit skins and shells and the like, and the kitchen waste is complex in components and different in physical properties. The garbage is an aggregate of various organic matters, and can be decayed and deteriorated after being stored for a long time under the humid environment condition, so that the accumulation of bacteria is caused, the environment pollution of a kitchen is caused, and the human health is influenced. However, the garbage is different in shape, the garbage is directly thrown into a household garbage can after being bagged in a traditional treatment mode, bacteria are easily bred and diffused in a household garbage collecting and distributing area, the sanitation potential safety hazard of the household garbage area is improved, and the garbage can is especially suitable for areas with long garbage collecting period and more children gathering. The phenomenon is more obvious in rural areas with a large number of people, and the environment and food are worried.
The kitchen waste is processed into dry crushed substances through a certain technical means and equipment, so that the putrefaction process can be slowed down, the breeding of bacteria in the waste can be reduced, and the prepared particles can form high-valued products such as fuel, feed, fertilizer and the like to be fully utilized, and the method has very important practical significance.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a kitchen waste drying and crushing device, which aims at the problems that household kitchen waste is high in water content, easy to breed bacteria and pollute the environment.
The specific technical scheme is as follows:
the kitchen waste drying and crushing device comprises a storage barrel and an extrusion barrel, wherein the storage barrel is connected with the extrusion barrel through a material passing pipe, a material pressing mechanism is arranged in the storage barrel, a single screw rod is arranged inside the extrusion barrel and is controlled by a driving motor connected with the single screw rod, and the extrusion barrel is further provided with a discharge hole and a water outlet.
Preferably, the pressing mechanism comprises a piston, a pressing rod and a weight.
Preferably, the piston of the material pressing mechanism is connected with the weight through the pressure rod and then is arranged in the material storage cylinder, so that the material storage cylinder forms a closed space.
Preferably, the extruding cylinder of the extruding cylinder is vertically placed, the water outlet is arranged at the lower end of the extruding cylinder, and the material outlet is arranged at the upper end of the extruding cylinder.
Preferably, the outer wall of the extrusion barrel is provided with a heater to dry the garbage.
Preferably, the conveying and extruding action of the single screw enables the kitchen waste to be torn, the water in the kitchen waste is extruded and conveyed to the top end of the extruding barrel.
The invention adopts the independent material storage barrel for feeding, finishes the upstroke type conveying of the kitchen garbage by virtue of the extrusion conveying action of the vertical extrusion barrel and the single screw, and finishes the shredding and drying of the kitchen garbage under the drying action of the heater. The processed kitchen waste powder is dry and comfortable in texture and greatly reduced in peculiar smell, and the dried kitchen waste powder can be widely applied to feed processing and field returning fertilization, so that the sanitation problem and the high-value utilization problem of the kitchen waste are solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the kitchen garbage drying and pulverizing apparatus according to the present invention.
1. A storage cylinder; 2. a piston; 3. a pressure lever; 4. a weight; 5. a material passing pipe; 6. an extrusion cylinder; 7. a single screw; 8. a drive motor; 9. a heater; 10. a discharge port; 11. and a water outlet.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following specific examples. The starting materials and methods employed in the examples of the present invention are those conventionally available in the market and conventionally used in the art, unless otherwise specified.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, the kitchen waste drying and crushing device comprises a storage barrel 1, a piston 2, a pressure rod 3, a weight 4, a material passing pipe 5, an extrusion barrel 6, a single screw 7, a driving motor 8, a heater 9, a discharge port 10 and a water discharge port 11.
The piston 2 is connected with a weight 4 through a pressure rod 3 and then is arranged in the storage cylinder 1, and a closed space is formed in the storage cylinder 1; the extruding cylinder 6 is vertically placed, a water outlet 11 is arranged below the extruding cylinder, a material outlet 10 is arranged at the upper end of the extruding cylinder, a heater 9 is arranged at the outer side of the extruding cylinder, and the single screw 7 is arranged inside the extruding cylinder 6 and connected with a driving motor 8; the lower end of the material storage cylinder 1 is connected with the lower end of the extrusion cylinder 6 through a material passing pipe 5.
Example 2
In the embodiment, the use method of the kitchen waste drying and crushing device is disclosed, firstly, the weight 4 on the piston 2 and the piston 2 in the storage barrel 1 are taken out, then the kitchen waste is added into the storage barrel 1, and the piston 2 and the weight 4 are put back.
Starting a driving motor 8, enabling kitchen waste to enter the single screw 7 through the material passing pipe 5 under the pressurization action of the weight 4 and the piston 2, compressing the kitchen waste under the conveying and extruding action of the single screw 7, and extruding moisture in the kitchen waste and discharging the kitchen waste along the single screw 7 and the water outlet 11; the kitchen waste continuously moves forwards under the conveying and compressing action of the single screw 7, is torn under the shearing action of the single screw 7 and the extruding cylinder 6, is heated and dried under the action of the heater 9, and is automatically discharged through the discharge port 10 when being conveyed to the top end of the extruding cylinder 6, so that the drying and the shredding of the kitchen waste are completed.
The invention adopts the independent material storage barrel for feeding, finishes the upstroke type conveying of the kitchen garbage by virtue of the extrusion conveying action of the vertical extrusion barrel and the single screw, and finishes the shredding and drying of the kitchen garbage under the drying action of the heater. The processed kitchen waste powder is dry and comfortable in texture and greatly reduced in peculiar smell, and the dried kitchen waste powder can be widely applied to feed processing and field returning fertilization, so that the sanitation problem and the high-value utilization problem of the kitchen waste are solved.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The kitchen waste drying and crushing device comprises a storage barrel and an extrusion barrel, and is characterized in that the storage barrel is connected with the extrusion barrel through a material passing pipe, a material pressing mechanism is arranged in the storage barrel, a single screw rod is arranged inside the extrusion barrel and controlled by a driving motor connected with the single screw rod, and the extrusion barrel is further provided with a discharge port and a water outlet.
2. The kitchen waste drying and pulverizing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pressing mechanism comprises a piston, a pressing rod and a weight.
3. The kitchen waste drying and crushing device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the piston of the pressing mechanism is connected with a weight through a pressing rod and then is placed in the storage barrel, so that the storage barrel forms a closed space.
4. The kitchen waste drying and pulverizing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said barrel is vertically disposed, the water outlet is provided at a lower end thereof, and the discharge port is provided at an upper end thereof.
5. The kitchen waste drying and pulverizing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein a heater is provided on an outer wall of the extruding cylinder to dry the kitchen waste.
6. The kitchen waste drying and pulverizing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the single screw is used to convey the kitchen waste to the top of the barrel.
CN201911135104.2A 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking Pending CN110898951A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911135104.2A CN110898951A (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911135104.2A CN110898951A (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110898951A true CN110898951A (en) 2020-03-24

Family

ID=69818109

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911135104.2A Pending CN110898951A (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Dry reducing mechanism of rubbish from cooking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110898951A (en)

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102887734A (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-01-23 东莞市杰美电器有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling automatic treating all-in-one machine and treatment process thereof
CN103394498A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-20 安徽科技学院 Device for crushing, dewatering and forming kitchen waste
CN204322484U (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 安吉威龙塑木环保材料有限公司 A kind of double screw extruder of energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency
CN204955490U (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-13 广州安适易环境科技有限公司 Kitchen garbage dewatering device
CN205168959U (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-04-20 三棵树涂料股份有限公司 Coating packagine machine convenient to coating flows down in material jar
CN205361679U (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-07-06 丽水市天宁电机有限公司 Novel surplus refuse treatment machine in kitchen
CN106001068A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 苏州香山红叶环境技术有限公司 Commercial kitchen waste treatment system
CN206063944U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-05 江苏理工学院 A kind of changing food waste is dehydrated degreasing unit
CN206356061U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-28 东莞市吉田焊接材料有限公司 A kind of weld-aiding cream fine gtinding device
CN107599477A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-19 淄博昱明通风设备有限公司 A kind of dehydration reducing device for kitchen garbage
CN109024168A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 深圳市鸿三松实业有限公司 The homogeneous thick painting waterproof coating constructing device of one kind and construction method
CN208407122U (en) * 2018-05-29 2019-01-22 兰州工业学院 A kind of civil engineering work waste treatment device
CN109277403A (en) * 2018-12-01 2019-01-29 蔡曼楚 A kind of kitchen garbage treater
CN110153139A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-08-23 程美诗 A kind of restaurant garbage treating system

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102887734A (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-01-23 东莞市杰美电器有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling automatic treating all-in-one machine and treatment process thereof
CN103394498A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-20 安徽科技学院 Device for crushing, dewatering and forming kitchen waste
CN204322484U (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 安吉威龙塑木环保材料有限公司 A kind of double screw extruder of energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency
CN204955490U (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-13 广州安适易环境科技有限公司 Kitchen garbage dewatering device
CN205168959U (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-04-20 三棵树涂料股份有限公司 Coating packagine machine convenient to coating flows down in material jar
CN205361679U (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-07-06 丽水市天宁电机有限公司 Novel surplus refuse treatment machine in kitchen
CN106001068A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 苏州香山红叶环境技术有限公司 Commercial kitchen waste treatment system
CN206063944U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-04-05 江苏理工学院 A kind of changing food waste is dehydrated degreasing unit
CN206356061U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-28 东莞市吉田焊接材料有限公司 A kind of weld-aiding cream fine gtinding device
CN107599477A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-19 淄博昱明通风设备有限公司 A kind of dehydration reducing device for kitchen garbage
CN110153139A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-08-23 程美诗 A kind of restaurant garbage treating system
CN208407122U (en) * 2018-05-29 2019-01-22 兰州工业学院 A kind of civil engineering work waste treatment device
CN109024168A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 深圳市鸿三松实业有限公司 The homogeneous thick painting waterproof coating constructing device of one kind and construction method
CN109277403A (en) * 2018-12-01 2019-01-29 蔡曼楚 A kind of kitchen garbage treater

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Application publication date: 20200324