CN110896896A - Sturgeon rapid fattening feed, feed preparation method and feeding method - Google Patents

Sturgeon rapid fattening feed, feed preparation method and feeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110896896A
CN110896896A CN201911320973.2A CN201911320973A CN110896896A CN 110896896 A CN110896896 A CN 110896896A CN 201911320973 A CN201911320973 A CN 201911320973A CN 110896896 A CN110896896 A CN 110896896A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
feed
sturgeon
meal
powder
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CN201911320973.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李玉华
杜庆五
孙爱义
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ZHENJIANG SHUIZHONGXIAN FISHERY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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ZHENJIANG SHUIZHONGXIAN FISHERY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911320973.2A priority Critical patent/CN110896896A/en
Publication of CN110896896A publication Critical patent/CN110896896A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • A23K10/38Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material from distillers' or brewers' waste
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/105Aliphatic or alicyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A23K20/147Polymeric derivatives, e.g. peptides or proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a sturgeon rapid fattening feed, a preparation method of the feed and a feeding method, wherein the rapid fattening feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 100-150 parts of perilla oil meal, 50-60 parts of rapeseed cakes, 20-30 parts of corn flour, 10-20 parts of seaweed meal, 20-30 parts of nutritional baits, 4-8 parts of immune enhancing baits and 10-15 parts of phagostimulant baits. Provides basic protein and carbohydrate required by the growth of the sturgeon and nutrition required by the growth of the sturgeon. The immunity enhancing bait consists of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, is matched with compound vitamins and EM flora, can improve the immunity and resistance of the sturgeon, can adjust the intestinal environment of the sturgeon, and promotes digestion and absorption; the phagostimulant bait is assisted by jam with aromatic smell and squid powder lovely eaten by sturgeons, so that the appetite of the sturgeons is greatly enhanced, the food intake of the sturgeons is increased, the corresponding fattening feeding mode is matched, the sturgeons are promoted to rapidly fatten, the healthy growth of the sturgeons is ensured, and meanwhile, the mouthfeel and the nutritional value of the sturgeons are not influenced.

Description

Sturgeon rapid fattening feed, feed preparation method and feeding method
Technical Field
The invention relates to sturgeon feed for quickly fattening, a feed preparation method and a feeding method.
Technical Field
Sturgeon is an ancient fish with the largest individual, the earliest appearance, the longest life, the slowest growth and the most vigorous vitality in fishes in the world, is called 'activating stone in water', and has extremely high edible, medicinal, ornamental and economic values. Sturgeon is also a very miraculous and special fish, and different parts of the body, including internal organs, have different nutritional values and medicinal effects. The fish meat contains rich nutrient substances such as protein, amino acid, taurine, DHA, EPA and the like, and is the part with the most efficacies and the most nutritional value. Bones, skins, livers, tendons, fins and intestines of sturgeons can be processed into high-quality vegetables. Especially sturgeon fins can be made into shark fins for eating, roes can be made into high-quality and high-nutritive-value snakehead roe sauce, and the snakehead roe sauce, goose liver and truffle are called as 'three-kind of world food'. Sturgeon is therefore one of the world's major trade species. However, due to the reasons of natural environment change, hydraulic facility construction, excessive fishing and the like, wild sturgeon resources are obviously reduced in the world in recent years and are in an endangered state, and the development of the industry of artificially breeding sturgeons is promoted in order to save the endangered sturgeons and meet market demands.
In recent years, the demand of sturgeons in the market of China is continuously increased, and the industry for artificially feeding sturgeons is rapidly developed. In order to realize intensive and large-scale cultivation, sturgeons are generally fed with compound feed, however, the existing sturgeon feed has single component and cannot provide all nutrients required by sturgeon growth, and the growth speed of the sturgeons is influenced; in addition, in order to accelerate the growth of the sturgeons, some farmers add various hormones and additives into the feed, which not only influences the eating mouthfeel and the nutritional value of the sturgeons, but also reduces the disease resistance of the sturgeons in the feeding process.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides the sturgeon rapid fattening feed and the feeding method thereof. The specific technical scheme is as follows:
the invention provides a sturgeon feed for quickly fattening, which comprises the following components in parts by weight: 100-150 parts of perilla oil meal, 50-60 parts of rapeseed cakes, 20-30 parts of corn flour, 20-30 parts of bran, 10-20 parts of seaweed meal, 20-30 parts of nutritional baits, 4-8 parts of immunity enhancing baits and 10-15 parts of phagostimulant baits.
Preferably, the nutritional bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 20-30 parts of fish meal, 10-15 parts of shrimp meal, 10-15 parts of chicken meal, 5-10 parts of pork liver meal, 5-10 parts of bone meal, 3-6 parts of oyster and 3-5 parts of egg white powder; 2-5 parts of peptone and 2-5 parts of yeast extract.
Preferably, the immune enhancing bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of sea buckthorn seed powder, 4-8 parts of dandelion, 3-5 parts of codonopsis pilosula, 3-5 parts of wrinkled gianthyssop herb, 2-4 parts of cinnamon, 2-4 parts of ginkgo, 2-3 parts of astragalus membranaceus, 2-3 parts of epimedium powder, 1-2 parts of gardenia, 1-2 parts of caulis spatholobi, 1-2 parts of liquorice, 3-5 parts of vitamin complex and 2-3 parts of EM flora.
Preferably, the phagostimulant bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of bean flour, 5-8 parts of squid powder, 5-6 parts of rice wine lees, 10-15 parts of strawberry jam, 8-10 parts of apple, 5-8 parts of pawpaw, 1-3 parts of sesame oil, 1-3 parts of citric acid and 1-2 parts of calcium lactate.
Secondly, the invention provides a preparation method of the sturgeon feed for quickly fattening, which comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: grinding perilla oil meal and rapeseed cake into powder, adding corn flour, bran and seaweed powder, and mixing uniformly to prepare a feed base material for later use;
step two: uniformly mixing fish meal, shrimp meal, chicken meal, pork liver meal, bone meal, squid meal and oysters, adding a proper amount of sterilized water, feeding into a curing machine for curing, and taking out the obtained product after curing to obtain a nutritional bait base material for later use;
step three: grinding herba Taraxaci, radix Codonopsis, herba Agastaches, cortex Cinnamomi, semen Ginkgo, radix astragali, fructus Gardeniae, caulis Spatholobi and Glycyrrhrizae radix into fine powder, respectively, mixing with semen Hippophae powder and herba Epimedii powder, and making into feed base material for enhancing immunity;
step four: mixing the feed base material, the nutrition bait base material and the immunity enhancing bait base material obtained in the first step to the third step, stirring uniformly, sequentially adding bean flour, peptone, yeast extract, citric acid, calcium lactate and a proper amount of sterilized water, and continuously stirring and mixing uniformly to form a feed mixture for later use;
step five: respectively cleaning strawberry, apple and pawpaw, cutting up and grinding into slurry, adding the slurry into the feed mixture obtained in the fourth step, adding rice wine lees and sesame oil, mixing and stirring for at least 5 minutes, granulating the obtained product, and drying to obtain a semi-finished feed product;
step six: 1-3 days before feeding, adding egg white powder, vitamin complex, EM flora and a small amount of water into the semi-finished feed in the step five, mixing and stirring uniformly, and naturally airing to obtain the sturgeon feed finished product for rapidly fattening.
In the second step, after the sterilized water is added, the water content of the material is controlled to be 20-25%. And curing, wherein the temperature is controlled to be 100-120 ℃, and the time is controlled to be 15-18 minutes.
According to the preferable technical scheme, in the fourth step, after the sterilized water is added, the water content of the material is controlled to be 50-65%.
In addition, the invention also provides a feeding method of the sturgeon rapid fattening feed, wherein in the first half hour of each feeding, an aerator is used for aerating water in a fishpond to ensure that the dissolved oxygen of the water reaches 8-9 mg/L, the water in the fishpond is stopped flowing in and out, and then the sturgeon rapid fattening feed is fed.
Has the advantages that:
according to the invention, through a reasonable feed formula, a feed base material consisting of perilla oil meal, rapeseed cakes, corn flour, bran and seaweed meal provides basic protein and carbohydrate required by sturgeon growth; the added nutrition bait is supplemented, the animal source protein and the amino acid are rich, and the nutrition required by the sturgeon is supplemented; the immunity enhancing bait consists of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, is matched with compound vitamins and EM flora, can improve the immunity and resistance of the sturgeon, can adjust the intestinal environment of the sturgeon, and promotes digestion and absorption; the phagostimulant bait is assisted by jam with aromatic smell and squid powder lovely eaten by sturgeons, so that the appetite of the sturgeons is greatly enhanced, the food intake of the sturgeons is increased, the corresponding fattening feeding mode is matched, the sturgeons are promoted to rapidly fatten, the healthy growth of the sturgeons is ensured, and meanwhile, the mouthfeel and the nutritional value of the sturgeons are not influenced.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments.
Example 1
The embodiment firstly provides sturgeon feed for rapidly gaining weight, a feed preparation method and a feeding method. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of perilla oil meal, 50 parts of rapeseed cakes, 20 parts of corn flour, 20 parts of bran, 10 parts of seaweed meal, 20 parts of nutrition bait, 4 parts of immunity enhancing bait and 10 parts of phagostimulant bait.
The nutritional bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 20 parts of fish meal, 10 parts of shrimp meal, 10 parts of chicken meal, 5 parts of pork liver meal, 5 parts of bone meal, 3 parts of oyster and 3 parts of egg white powder; peptone 2 parts and yeast extract 2 parts. The immune enhancing bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of sea buckthorn seed powder, 4 parts of dandelion, 3 parts of codonopsis pilosula, 3 parts of wrinkled gianthyssop herb, 2 parts of cinnamon, 2 parts of ginkgo, 2 parts of astragalus membranaceus, 2 parts of epimedium powder, 1 part of gardenia, 1 part of caulis spatholobi, 1 part of liquorice, 3 parts of compound vitamin and 2 parts of EM flora. The phagostimulant bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of bean powder, 5 parts of squid powder, 5 parts of rice wine lees, 10 parts of strawberry jam, 80 parts of apple, 5 parts of pawpaw, 1 part of sesame oil, 1 part of citric acid and 1 part of calcium lactate.
The preparation method of the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: grinding perilla oil meal and rapeseed cake into powder, adding corn flour, bran and seaweed powder, mixing uniformly, and preparing into feed base material for later use.
Step two: uniformly mixing fish meal, shrimp meal, chicken meal, pork liver meal, bone meal, squid meal and oysters, adding a proper amount of sterilized water, controlling the water content to be 20%, feeding the mixture into a curing machine for curing, controlling the curing temperature to be 100 ℃ and the time to be 15 minutes; and taking out the cooked bait to obtain the nutrient bait base material for later use.
Step three: grinding herba Taraxaci, radix Codonopsis, herba Agastaches, cortex Cinnamomi, semen Ginkgo, radix astragali, fructus Gardeniae, caulis Spatholobi and Glycyrrhrizae radix into fine powder, respectively, mixing with semen Hippophae powder and herba Epimedii powder, and making into feed base material for enhancing immunity.
Step four: mixing the feed base material, the nutrition bait base material and the immunity enhancing bait base material obtained in the first step to the third step, uniformly stirring, and then sequentially adding bean flour, peptone, yeast extract, citric acid, calcium lactate and a proper amount of sterilized water, wherein the water content of the materials is controlled to be 50%; continuously stirring and uniformly mixing to form a feed mixture for later use.
Step five: and respectively cleaning and chopping the strawberries, the apples and the papayas, grinding the strawberries, the apples and the papayas into pulp, adding the pulp into the feed mixture obtained in the fourth step together, adding the rice wine lees and the sesame oil into the mixture, mixing and stirring the mixture for 5 minutes, preparing the obtained product into particles, and drying the particles to obtain a semi-finished feed product.
Step six: and (4) adding egg white powder, vitamin complex, EM flora and a small amount of water into the semi-finished feed in the step five 1 day before feeding, mixing and stirring uniformly, and naturally airing to obtain the sturgeon feed finished product for rapidly fattening.
In the embodiment, the method for feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the steps of increasing oxygen in water in a fishpond by using an oxygen increasing machine in the first half hour of each feeding, so that the dissolved oxygen in the water reaches 8-9 mg/L, stopping water flow in and out of the fishpond, and feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight to sturgeons.
Example 2
The embodiment firstly provides sturgeon feed for rapidly gaining weight, a feed preparation method and a feeding method. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 120 parts of perilla oil meal, 55 parts of rapeseed cakes, 25 parts of corn flour, 25 parts of bran, 15 parts of seaweed meal, 25 parts of nutritional baits, 6 parts of immunity enhancing baits and 12 parts of phagostimulant baits.
The nutritional bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 25 parts of fish meal, 12 parts of shrimp meal, 12 parts of chicken meal, 8 parts of pork liver meal, 8 parts of bone meal, 5 parts of oyster and 4 parts of egg white powder; 3 parts of peptone and 3 parts of yeast extract. The immune enhancing bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 8 parts of sea buckthorn seed powder, 6 parts of dandelion, 4 parts of codonopsis pilosula, 4 parts of wrinkled gianthyssop herb, 3 parts of cinnamon, 3 parts of ginkgo, 2.5 parts of astragalus membranaceus, 2.5 parts of epimedium powder, 1.5 parts of gardenia, 1.5 parts of caulis spatholobi, 1.5 parts of liquorice, 4 parts of vitamin complex and 2.5 parts of EM flora. The phagostimulant bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of bean powder, 5-8 parts of squid powder, 5.5 parts of rice wine lees, 12 parts of strawberry jam, 9 parts of apples, 7 parts of pawpaw, 2 parts of sesame oil, 2 parts of citric acid and 1.5 parts of calcium lactate.
The preparation method of the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: grinding perilla oil meal and rapeseed cake into powder, adding corn flour, bran and seaweed powder, mixing uniformly, and preparing into feed base material for later use.
Step two: uniformly mixing fish meal, shrimp meal, chicken meal, pork liver meal, bone meal, squid meal and oysters, adding a proper amount of sterilized water, controlling the water content to be 22%, feeding the mixture into a curing machine for curing, controlling the curing temperature to be 110 ℃ and the curing time to be 16 minutes; and taking out the cooked bait to obtain the nutrient bait base material for later use.
Step three: grinding herba Taraxaci, radix Codonopsis, herba Agastaches, cortex Cinnamomi, semen Ginkgo, radix astragali, fructus Gardeniae, caulis Spatholobi and Glycyrrhrizae radix into fine powder, respectively, mixing with semen Hippophae powder and herba Epimedii powder, and making into feed base material for enhancing immunity.
Step four: mixing the feed base material, the nutrition bait base material and the immunity enhancing bait base material obtained in the first step to the third step, uniformly stirring, and then sequentially adding bean flour, peptone, yeast extract, citric acid, calcium lactate and a proper amount of sterilized water, wherein the water content of the materials is controlled to be 60%; continuously stirring and uniformly mixing to form a feed mixture for later use.
Step five: and respectively cleaning and chopping strawberry, apple and pawpaw, grinding into slurry, adding the slurry into the feed mixture obtained in the fourth step, adding rice wine lees and sesame oil, mixing and stirring for 10 minutes, granulating the obtained product, and drying to obtain a semi-finished feed product.
Step six: and (4) adding egg white powder, vitamin complex, EM flora and a small amount of water into the semi-finished feed in the step five 2 days before feeding, mixing and stirring uniformly, and naturally airing to obtain the sturgeon feed finished product for rapidly fattening.
In the embodiment, the method for feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the steps of increasing oxygen in water in a fishpond by using an oxygen increasing machine in the first half hour of each feeding, so that the dissolved oxygen in the water reaches 8-9 mg/L, stopping water flow in and out of the fishpond, and feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight to sturgeons.
Example 3
The embodiment firstly provides sturgeon feed for rapidly gaining weight, a feed preparation method and a feeding method. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed comprises the following components in parts by weight: 150 parts of perilla oil meal, 60 parts of rapeseed cakes, 30 parts of corn flour, 30 parts of bran, 20 parts of seaweed meal, 30 parts of nutrition bait, 8 parts of immunity enhancing bait and 15 parts of phagostimulant bait.
The nutritional bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 30 parts of fish meal, 15 parts of shrimp meal, 15 parts of chicken meal, 10 parts of pork liver meal, 10 parts of bone meal, 6 parts of oyster and 5 parts of egg white powder; 5 parts of peptone and 5 parts of yeast extract. The immune enhancing bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of sea buckthorn seed powder, 8 parts of dandelion, 5 parts of codonopsis pilosula, 5 parts of wrinkled gianthyssop herb, 4 parts of cinnamon, 4 parts of ginkgo, 3 parts of astragalus membranaceus, 3 parts of epimedium powder, 2 parts of gardenia, 2 parts of caulis spatholobi, 2 parts of liquorice, 5 parts of compound vitamin and 3 parts of EM flora. The phagostimulant bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of bean powder, 8 parts of squid powder, 6 parts of rice wine lees, 15 parts of strawberry jam, 10 parts of apple, 8 parts of pawpaw, 3 parts of sesame oil, 3 parts of citric acid and 2 parts of calcium lactate.
The preparation method of the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: grinding perilla oil meal and rapeseed cake into powder, adding corn flour, bran and seaweed powder, mixing uniformly, and preparing into feed base material for later use.
Step two: uniformly mixing fish meal, shrimp meal, chicken meal, pork liver meal, bone meal, squid meal and oysters, adding a proper amount of sterilized water, controlling the water content to be 25%, feeding the mixture into a curing machine for curing, controlling the curing temperature to be 120 ℃ and the curing time to be 18 minutes; and taking out the cooked bait to obtain the nutrient bait base material for later use.
Step three: grinding herba Taraxaci, radix Codonopsis, herba Agastaches, cortex Cinnamomi, semen Ginkgo, radix astragali, fructus Gardeniae, caulis Spatholobi and Glycyrrhrizae radix into fine powder, respectively, mixing with semen Hippophae powder and herba Epimedii powder, and making into feed base material for enhancing immunity.
Step four: mixing the feed base material, the nutrition bait base material and the immunity enhancing bait base material obtained in the first step to the third step, uniformly stirring, and then sequentially adding bean flour, peptone, yeast extract, citric acid, calcium lactate and a proper amount of sterilized water, wherein the water content of the materials is controlled to be 65%; continuously stirring and uniformly mixing to form a feed mixture for later use.
Step five: and respectively cleaning and chopping strawberry, apple and pawpaw, grinding into slurry, adding the slurry into the feed mixture obtained in the fourth step, adding rice wine lees and sesame oil, mixing and stirring for 15 minutes, granulating the obtained product, and drying to obtain a semi-finished feed product.
Step six: and 3 days before feeding, adding egg white powder, vitamin complex, EM flora and a small amount of water into the semi-finished feed in the step five, mixing and stirring uniformly, and naturally airing to obtain the sturgeon feed finished product for rapidly fattening.
In the embodiment, the method for feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight comprises the steps of increasing oxygen in water in a fishpond by using an oxygen increasing machine in the first half hour of each feeding, so that the dissolved oxygen in the water reaches 8-9 mg/L, stopping water flow in and out of the fishpond, and feeding the sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight to sturgeons.
While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. However, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification of the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A sturgeon feed for quickly fattening is characterized in that: comprises the following components in parts by weight:
100-150 parts of perilla oil meal,
50-60 parts of rapeseed cakes,
20-30 parts of corn flour,
20-30 parts of bran, namely,
10-20 parts of seaweed powder,
20-30 parts of nutrient bait,
4-8 parts of immunity enhancing bait,
10-15 parts of phagostimulant bait.
2. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed according to claim 1, characterized in that: the nutritional bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 20-30 parts of fish meal, 10-15 parts of shrimp meal, 10-15 parts of chicken meal, 5-10 parts of pork liver meal, 5-10 parts of bone meal, 3-6 parts of oyster and 3-5 parts of egg white powder; 2-5 parts of peptone and 2-5 parts of yeast extract.
3. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed according to claim 1, characterized in that: the immune enhancing bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of sea buckthorn seed powder, 4-8 parts of dandelion, 3-5 parts of codonopsis pilosula, 3-5 parts of wrinkled gianthyssop herb, 2-4 parts of cinnamon, 2-4 parts of ginkgo, 2-3 parts of astragalus membranaceus, 2-3 parts of epimedium powder, 1-2 parts of gardenia, 1-2 parts of caulis spatholobi, 1-2 parts of liquorice, 3-5 parts of vitamin complex and 2-3 parts of EM flora.
4. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed according to claim 1, characterized in that: the phagostimulant bait comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of bean flour, 5-8 parts of squid powder, 5-6 parts of rice wine lees, 10-15 parts of strawberry jam, 8-10 parts of apple, 5-8 parts of pawpaw, 1-3 parts of sesame oil, 1-3 parts of citric acid and 1-2 parts of calcium lactate.
5. A preparation method of a sturgeon feed for quickly gaining weight is characterized by comprising the following steps: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: grinding perilla oil meal and rapeseed cake into powder, adding corn flour, bran and seaweed powder, and mixing uniformly to prepare a feed base material for later use;
step two: uniformly mixing fish meal, shrimp meal, chicken meal, pork liver meal, bone meal, squid meal and oysters, adding a proper amount of sterilized water, feeding into a curing machine for curing, and taking out the obtained product after curing to obtain a nutritional bait base material for later use;
step three: grinding herba Taraxaci, radix Codonopsis, herba Agastaches, cortex Cinnamomi, semen Ginkgo, radix astragali, fructus Gardeniae, caulis Spatholobi and Glycyrrhrizae radix into fine powder, respectively, mixing with semen Hippophae powder and herba Epimedii powder, and making into feed base material for enhancing immunity;
step four: mixing the feed base material, the nutrition bait base material and the immunity enhancing bait base material obtained in the first step to the third step, stirring uniformly, sequentially adding bean flour, peptone, yeast extract, citric acid, calcium lactate and a proper amount of sterilized water, and continuously stirring and mixing uniformly to form a feed mixture for later use;
step five: respectively cleaning strawberry, apple and pawpaw, cutting up and grinding into slurry, adding the slurry into the feed mixture obtained in the fourth step, adding rice wine lees and sesame oil, mixing and stirring for at least 5 minutes, granulating the obtained product, and drying to obtain a semi-finished feed product;
step six: 1-3 days before feeding, adding egg white powder, vitamin complex, EM flora and a small amount of water into the semi-finished feed in the step five, mixing and stirring uniformly, and naturally airing to obtain the sturgeon feed finished product for rapidly fattening.
6. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed preparation method according to claim 1, characterized in that: and in the second step, after the sterilized water is added, controlling the water content of the material to be 20-25%.
7. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed preparation method according to claim 1, characterized in that: and in the second step, curing is carried out, the temperature is controlled to be 100-120 ℃, and the time is controlled to be 15-18 minutes.
8. The sturgeon rapid fattening feed preparation method according to claim 1, characterized in that: and in the fourth step, after the sterilized water is added, controlling the water content of the material to be 50-65%.
9. A sturgeon rapid fattening feeding method is characterized in that: and in the first half hour of each feeding, oxygenating water in the fish pond by using an aerator to ensure that the dissolved oxygen in the water reaches 8-9 mg/L, stopping the water flow in and out of the fish pond, and feeding the sturgeon feed as claimed in claims 1-4 for rapid fattening.
CN201911320973.2A 2019-12-19 2019-12-19 Sturgeon rapid fattening feed, feed preparation method and feeding method Pending CN110896896A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104256169A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-07 仁怀市井坝流水生态鲟鱼特色养殖场 Cultivation method for rapidly fattening sturgeons
CN106107027A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 刘林琴 A kind of special disease-resistant weight gaining formula forage of Macrura reevesii
CN106721594A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 何俊 A kind of quick getting fat feeds of river Nian and preparation method thereof
CN107279606A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-24 安徽省泾县丰瑞水产科技有限公司 A kind of sturgeon marketable fish forming stage feed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104256169A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-07 仁怀市井坝流水生态鲟鱼特色养殖场 Cultivation method for rapidly fattening sturgeons
CN106107027A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 刘林琴 A kind of special disease-resistant weight gaining formula forage of Macrura reevesii
CN106721594A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 何俊 A kind of quick getting fat feeds of river Nian and preparation method thereof
CN107279606A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-24 安徽省泾县丰瑞水产科技有限公司 A kind of sturgeon marketable fish forming stage feed

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