CN110894713B - Wharf protection structure - Google Patents

Wharf protection structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110894713B
CN110894713B CN201910241565.1A CN201910241565A CN110894713B CN 110894713 B CN110894713 B CN 110894713B CN 201910241565 A CN201910241565 A CN 201910241565A CN 110894713 B CN110894713 B CN 110894713B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transfer
collecting
roller
groove
tank
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Application number
CN201910241565.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110894713A (en
Inventor
巩明
倪云林
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Second Institute of Oceanography MNR
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Second Institute of Oceanography MNR
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Priority to CN201910241565.1A priority Critical patent/CN110894713B/en
Publication of CN110894713A publication Critical patent/CN110894713A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/20Equipment for shipping on coasts, in harbours or on other fixed marine structures, e.g. bollards
    • E02B3/26Fenders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/30Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in transportation, e.g. on roads, waterways or railways

Abstract

The invention provides a wharf protection structure, which comprises a wharf main body, wherein the left side wall of the wharf main body is in contact with seawater, an upper protection base block and a lower protection base block are arranged on the left side wall of the wharf main body, the extending length of the upper protection base block is smaller than that of the lower protection base block, a first buffer groove is arranged between the upper protection base block and the lower protection base block, and a second buffer groove is arranged between the lower protection base block and a seabed; the left side wall of the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision component; the top wall of the lower protection base block is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower protection base block; the invention can effectively clean the dirt on the water surface, simultaneously prevent the sludge from being rapidly accumulated, and improve the use safety performance of the wharf.

Description

Wharf protection structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to a wharf protection structure, and relates to the technical field of wharf construction.
Background
The wharf is a building which is specially used by seasides and rivers for mooring steamships or ferries and allowing passengers to get on and off and goods to be loaded and unloaded. Is commonly found in commercial cities with developed land and water traffic. Humans use docks as ferry landings for passengers and cargo, and may be secondary landmarks to attract visitors and dating collections. Common buildings or facilities around the wharf include a mail ship, an ferry, a counter ship, a warehouse, a customs, a floating bridge, a fish market, a seaside gallery, a station, a restaurant, a market and the like, a large amount of sludge can be deposited on a seabed below the wharf along with the passage of time in the operation process of the wharf, the sludge is cleaned by adopting a dredger and a trailing suction boat usually, the wharf cannot be normally used in the sludge cleaning process, and great inconvenience is brought to people.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a wharf protection structure aiming at the problems, which can effectively clean dirt on the water surface, simultaneously prevent sludge from being rapidly accumulated, and improve the use safety performance of the wharf.
The specific technical scheme is as follows:
a wharf protection structure comprises a wharf main body, wherein the left side wall of the wharf main body is in contact with seawater, an upper protection base block and a lower protection base block are arranged on the left side wall of the wharf main body, the extension length of the upper protection base block is smaller than that of the lower protection base block, a first buffer groove is arranged between the upper protection base block and the lower protection base block, and a second buffer groove is arranged between the lower protection base block and a seabed;
the left side wall of the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision component;
the top wall of the lower protection base block is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower protection base block;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a collecting tank with an opening at the top, the collecting tank is arranged on the lower protective base block, a circle of convex ring is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting tank, the collecting tank is divided into an upper tank body and a lower tank body by the convex ring, a first partition plate is rotatably arranged in the convex ring, a plurality of first water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the first partition plate, and the first partition plate is controlled to turn over by a first motor; when the first partition plate rotates to a horizontal state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a blocking state, and when the first partition plate rotates to a vertical state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a communicating state;
a collecting mechanism is arranged in the upper groove body; the collecting mechanism comprises a first collecting roller and a second collecting roller, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller respectively comprise a main rotating shaft, and a first collecting assembly and a second collecting assembly are alternately arranged on the main rotating shaft;
the first containing assembly comprises a first compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the first compression roller is d1, the first compression roller is sleeved and fixed on the outer wall of the main rotating shaft, a plurality of first pressing strips are uniformly distributed on the first compression roller in a circumferential shape, and the first pressing strips are arranged along the axial direction of the first compression roller;
the second receiving assembly comprises a second compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the second compression roller is d2, 2 x d2 is less than d1, a plurality of supporting plates are uniformly distributed on the outer wall of the second compression roller, a scraper blade is vertically fixed at the outer side end of each supporting plate, the distance between the outer side end of each supporting plate and the central axis of the main rotating shaft is L1, 2 x L1 is more than d1, and a plurality of second water permeable holes are uniformly distributed on the supporting plates;
the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are parallel to each other and are rotatably arranged at an opening of the upper groove body, a first containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a second containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, a second containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a first containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, the minimum gap between the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller is 2-8cm, a main rotating shaft of the first collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a first gear, a main rotating shaft of the second collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a second gear, the first gear and the second gear are mutually meshed, the first gear is driven to rotate by a second motor, and the second motor drives the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely;
a second partition plate is arranged in the lower tank body, the second partition plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from left to right, and a plurality of third water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the second partition plate;
a transfer groove is formed in the right side of the collecting groove, the transfer groove is obliquely and upwards arranged from left to right and upwards extends to the wharf main body, the collecting groove is communicated with the transfer groove through a transfer passage, and the right side end of the second partition plate is fixed to the bottom wall of the transfer passage; the transfer channel is provided with an opening and closing assembly;
a transfer mechanism is arranged in the transfer groove and comprises a transmission assembly and a transfer box, and a water leakage hole is formed in the bottom of the transfer box;
the conveying assembly comprises a first conveying roller and a second conveying roller, the first conveying roller is rotatably arranged outside the transfer tank through a support, the second conveying roller is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the transfer tank, a group of chains is tensioned and fixed between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller, the transfer box is fixed on the chains, the first conveying roller is driven to rotate through a fourth motor, and the fourth motor drives the transfer box to reciprocate between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller;
when the transfer box moves to the bottom of the transfer groove, the transfer box is also partially positioned below the transfer channel, the garbage in the lower groove body can enter the transfer box along with the seawater, the seawater is filtered out from the water leakage hole, and the garbage is transferred after moving to the outside of the transfer groove along with the transfer box;
the bottom of the lower tank body is provided with a first branch pipeline, the bottom of the transfer tank is provided with a second branch pipeline, the first branch pipeline and the second branch pipeline are connected with a first main pipeline through a tee joint, the first main pipeline is connected with a water pumping port of a first pump body, and a water outlet of the first pump body is communicated with a second buffer tank through the second main pipeline;
and a dredging component is arranged in the second buffer tank.
Furthermore, the opening and closing assembly comprises an adjusting cavity which is pre-arranged at the top of the transfer channel, a sliding groove is arranged in the adjusting cavity, the inserting plate is movably arranged in the sliding groove, the inserting plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, a first rack is arranged on the left side wall of the inserting plate, the first rack is meshed with a third gear arranged in the adjusting cavity, the third gear is driven to rotate by a third motor, the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate clockwise, and the third gear drives the inserting plate to penetrate through the adjusting cavity to be inserted into a slot which is pre-arranged at the bottom of the transfer channel so as to enable the transfer channel to be in a blocking state; the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the inserting plate moves upwards to be retracted into the adjusting cavity, so that the transfer channel can be in an open state.
Furthermore, the front end and the rear end of the second buffer tank are respectively provided with a fourth partition plate, the left side of the second buffer tank is provided with a third partition plate, and a plurality of fourth permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the third partition plate;
a first guide groove is formed in the right side wall of the third partition plate, a second guide groove is formed in the left side wall of the second buffer groove and corresponds to the first guide groove, and second racks are arranged on the bottom walls of the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
the dredging component comprises a component shell, two transmission shafts are horizontally arranged in the component shell, two ends of each transmission shaft penetrate through the component shell to be respectively fixed with a fifth gear, and the fifth gears positioned on two sides of the component shell are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
at least one sixth gear is fixed on each transmission shaft, the corresponding sixth gears on the two transmission shafts are connected through a belt, one seventh gear is fixed on one transmission shaft and meshed with an eighth gear fixed on a fifth motor, and the fifth motor drives the eighth gear to transmit, so that the component shell can reciprocate along the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
be equipped with the second pump body on the subassembly casing, the mouth that draws water of the second pump body is connected with the third trunk line, and the third trunk line setting is in the top of subassembly casing, and the third trunk line is drawn water from the left hand right side, and the outlet of the second pump body is connected with the fourth trunk line, and the fourth trunk line is around establishing to the below of subassembly casing, and the fourth trunk line is from the right hand left side and is carried out the drainage.
Further, the cross section of the first press roller is in an isosceles trapezoid structure.
Further, the anticollision subassembly includes at least two rows of anticollision buckets.
Further, the transfer box comprises a box body frame, the right side wall of the box body frame is fixed on the chain through a sliding block, a first fixing plate is vertically arranged on the bottom of the left side wall of the box body frame downwards, a second fixing plate is vertically arranged on the bottom of the right side wall of the box body frame downwards, and at least one group of guide strips are oppositely arranged on the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate;
a lower baffle assembly is movably arranged between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate, the lower baffle assembly comprises a front push plate, a rear push plate and a lower baffle, the front push plate and the rear push plate are relatively vertically arranged, the lower baffle is horizontally fixed between the front push plate and the rear push plate, the lower baffle assembly is arranged below the box body frame, and guide strips on the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate are respectively inserted into two sides of the lower baffle assembly, so that the lower baffle assembly can move left and right;
the front push plate is provided with a first magnet, a second magnet is arranged between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate and corresponds to the first magnet, and the polarities of the opposite surfaces of the first magnet and the second magnet are opposite, so that the front push plate can be fixed on the second magnet through the adsorption of the first magnet;
when the transfer box is in a loading state, the front push plate is fixed on the second magnet through the first magnet in an adsorption mode, and the box body frame is in a closed state;
after the transfer box moves to the outside of transfer tank, the collecting vessel that will collect rubbish moves to the below of transfer box, pulls open baffle subassembly down, can make rubbish fall into in the collecting vessel.
Furthermore, the movable fender lid that is equipped with in transfer tank's top, after the transfer box removed to the transfer tank outside, but fender lid horizontal migration to the opening that blocks the transfer tank.
Furthermore, a row of anti-collision barrels are arranged on the left side wall of the lower protection foundation pit.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the garbage collecting device can effectively collect garbage on the water surface through the relative rotation of the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller, and transfer the garbage out, so that the garbage collecting device is more green and environment-friendly, and the cleanness of a water body is ensured;
(2) the arrangement of the dredging component effectively slows down the sedimentation of the sludge at the water bottom and reduces the operation intensity of dredging;
(3) the invention can also prevent the ship from impacting the wharf, thereby improving the safety performance of the wharf in use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion B of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the collection mechanism of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken along the direction C-C in fig. 4.
Figure 6 is an enlarged view of the dredging assembly of figure 1.
FIG. 7 is a sectional view of the transfer box of the second embodiment in the state of FIG. 1.
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken along line D-D in fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a sectional view of the lower barrier assembly of fig. 8 in an open state.
Reference numerals
The wharf main body 1, the upper protection base block 2, the lower protection base block 3, the first buffer groove 4, the second buffer groove 5, the anti-collision assembly 6, the cleaning mechanism 7, the convex ring 8, the upper groove body 9, the lower groove body 10, the first partition plate 11, the first motor 12, the first collecting roller 13, the second collecting roller 14, the main rotating shaft 15, the first containing assembly 16, the second containing assembly 17, the first pressing roller 18, the first pressing bar 19, the second pressing roller 20, the supporting plate 21, the scraping plate 22, the second water permeable hole 23, the first gear 24, the second gear 25, the second motor 26, the second partition plate 27, the transfer groove 28, the transfer box 29, the first driving roller 30, the second driving roller 31, the chain 32, the first branch pipe 33, the second branch pipe 34, the first main pipe 35, the first pump body 36, the second main pipe 37, the dredging assembly 38, the adjusting cavity 39, the sliding groove 40, the inserting plate 41, the third gear 42, the first partition plate 43, the fourth partition plate 43, the third, The third partition plate 44, the first guide groove 45, the second guide groove 46, the assembly housing 47, the transmission shaft 48, the fifth gear 49, the sixth gear 50, the belt 51, the seventh gear 52, the fifth motor 53, the eighth gear 54, the second pump body 55, the third main pipe 56, the fourth main pipe 57, the box frame 58, the slider 59, the first fixing plate 60, the second fixing plate 61, the guide strip 62, the lower baffle assembly 63, the front push plate 64, the rear push plate 65, the lower baffle 66, the first magnet 67, the second magnet 68, the baffle cover 69, the crash bucket 70, and the transfer channel 71.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical scheme of the invention clearer and clearer, the invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, and any scheme obtained by carrying out equivalent replacement and conventional reasoning on the technical characteristics of the technical scheme of the invention falls into the protection scope of the invention.
Example one
As shown in the figure, the wharf protection structure comprises a wharf main body 1, wherein the left side wall of the wharf main body is in contact with seawater, an upper protection base block 2 and a lower protection base block 3 are arranged on the left side wall of the wharf main body, the extension length of the upper protection base block is smaller than that of the lower protection base block, a first buffer groove 4 is arranged between the upper protection base block and the lower protection base block, and a second buffer groove 5 is arranged between the lower protection base block and a seabed;
the left side wall of the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision assembly 6;
the top wall of the lower protection base block is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, and a cleaning mechanism 7 is arranged on the lower protection base block;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a collecting tank with an opening at the top, which is arranged on the lower protective base block, a circle of convex ring 8 is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting tank, the collecting tank is divided into an upper tank body 9 and a lower tank body 10 by the convex ring, a first partition plate 11 is rotatably arranged in the convex ring, a plurality of first permeable holes are uniformly distributed on the first partition plate, and the first partition plate is controlled to turn over by a first motor 12; when the first partition plate rotates to a horizontal state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a blocking state, and when the first partition plate rotates to a vertical state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a communicating state;
a collecting mechanism is arranged in the upper groove body; the collecting mechanism comprises a first collecting roller 13 and a second collecting roller 14, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller respectively comprise a main rotating shaft 15, and a first containing assembly 16 and a second containing assembly 17 are alternately arranged on the main rotating shaft;
the first containing assembly comprises a first pressing roller 18 of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the first pressing roller is d1, the first pressing roller is sleeved and fixed on the outer wall of the main rotating shaft, a plurality of first pressing strips 19 are uniformly distributed on the first pressing roller in a circumferential shape, and the first pressing strips are arranged along the axial direction of the first pressing roller;
the second receiving assembly comprises a second compression roller 20 of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the second compression roller is d2, 2 x d2 < d1, a plurality of support plates 21 are uniformly distributed on the outer wall of the second compression roller, a scraper 22 is vertically fixed on the outer side end of each support plate, the distance between the outer side end of each support plate and the central axis of the main rotating shaft is L1, 2 x L1 is more than d1, and a plurality of second water permeable holes 23 are uniformly distributed on the support plates;
the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are parallel to each other and rotatably arranged at an opening of the upper groove body, a first containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a second containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, a second containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a first containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, the minimum gap between the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller is 2-8cm, a main rotating shaft of the first collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a first gear 24, a main rotating shaft of the second collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a second gear 25, the first gear and the second gear are mutually meshed, the first gear is driven to rotate by a second motor 26, and the second motor rotates to drive the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely;
a second partition plate 27 is arranged in the lower tank body, the second partition plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from left to right, and a plurality of third water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the second partition plate;
a transfer groove 28 is formed in the right side of the collecting groove, the transfer groove is obliquely and upwards arranged from left to right and upwards extends to the wharf main body, the collecting groove is communicated with the transfer groove through a transfer passage 71, and the right side end of the second partition plate is fixed to the bottom wall of the transfer passage; the transfer channel is provided with an opening and closing assembly;
a transfer mechanism is arranged in the transfer groove, the transfer mechanism comprises a transmission assembly and a transfer box 29, and the bottom of the transfer box is provided with a water leakage hole;
the conveying assembly comprises a first driving roller 30 and a second driving roller 31, the first driving roller is rotatably arranged outside the transfer tank through a support, the second driving roller is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the transfer tank, a group of chains 32 are tensioned and fixed between the first driving roller and the second driving roller, the transfer box is fixed on the chains, the first driving roller is driven to rotate through a fourth motor, and the fourth motor drives the transfer box to reciprocate between the first driving roller and the second driving roller;
when the transfer box moves to the bottom of the transfer groove, the transfer box is also partially positioned below the transfer channel, the garbage in the lower groove body can enter the transfer box along with the seawater, the seawater is filtered out from the water leakage hole, and the garbage is transferred after moving to the outside of the transfer groove along with the transfer box;
a first branch pipeline 33 is arranged at the bottom of the lower tank body, a second branch pipeline 34 is arranged at the bottom of the transfer tank, the first branch pipeline and the second branch pipeline are connected with a first main pipeline 35 through a tee joint, the first main pipeline is connected with a water pumping port of a first pump body 36, and a water outlet of the first pump body is communicated with a second buffer tank through a second main pipeline 37; the first pump body is used for continuously discharging the seawater in the lower tank body and the transfer tank;
a dredging assembly 38 is arranged in the second buffer tank.
Furthermore, the opening and closing assembly comprises an adjusting cavity 39 which is pre-arranged at the top of the transfer channel, a sliding groove 40 is arranged in the adjusting cavity, an inserting plate 41 is movably arranged in the sliding groove, the inserting plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, a first rack is arranged on the left side wall of the inserting plate, the first rack is meshed with a third gear 42 arranged in the adjusting cavity, the third gear is driven to rotate by a third motor, the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate clockwise, and the third gear drives the inserting plate to penetrate through the adjusting cavity to be inserted into a slot which is pre-arranged at the bottom of the transfer channel, so that the transfer channel is in a blocking state; the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the inserting plate moves upwards to be retracted into the adjusting cavity, so that the transfer channel can be in an open state.
Furthermore, the front end and the rear end of the second buffer tank are respectively provided with a fourth partition plate 43, the left side of the second buffer tank is provided with a third partition plate 44, and a plurality of fourth permeable holes are uniformly distributed on the third partition plate;
a first guide groove 45 is formed in the right side wall of the third partition plate, a second guide groove 46 is formed in the left side wall of the second buffer groove and corresponds to the first guide groove, and second racks are arranged on the bottom walls of the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
the dredging component comprises a component shell 47, two transmission shafts 48 are horizontally arranged in the component shell, two ends of each transmission shaft penetrate through the component shell to be respectively fixed with a fifth gear 49, and the fifth gears positioned at two sides of the component shell are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
at least one sixth gear 50 is fixed on each transmission shaft, the corresponding sixth gears on the two transmission shafts are connected through a belt 51, one of the transmission shafts is fixed with a seventh gear 52, the seventh gear is meshed with an eighth gear 54 fixed on a fifth motor 53, and the fifth motor drives the eighth gear to transmit, so that the component shell can reciprocate along the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
be equipped with the second pump body 55 on the subassembly casing, the mouth that draws water of the second pump body is connected with third trunk line looks 56, and the third trunk line setting is in the top of subassembly casing, and the third trunk line is drawn water from the left hand right side, and the outlet of the second pump body is connected with fourth trunk line 57, and the fourth trunk line is around establishing the below to the subassembly casing, and the fourth trunk line is drained water from the right hand left side.
Further, the cross section of the first press roller is in an isosceles trapezoid structure.
Further, the anticollision subassembly includes at least two rows of anticollision buckets.
Further, the control method of the wharf protection mechanism comprises the following steps:
(1) the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision assembly for preventing a ship from colliding with the wharf, so that the safety performance of the wharf is improved;
(2) the second motor rotates to drive the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are used for capturing garbage floating on the sea surface into the upper tank body, the first partition plate is turned over once at regular time, and the accumulated garbage is transferred into the lower tank body; when the first partition plate is turned over, the inserting plate of the opening and closing assembly is in a state of blocking the transfer channel;
(3) when the first partition board is in a horizontal state, the inserting board of the opening and closing assembly is withdrawn at regular time to open the transfer channel, the garbage accumulated in the lower tank body can enter the transfer box positioned below the lower tank body through the transfer channel along with the seawater, and the transfer channel is continuously blocked after the transfer is finished;
(4) the transfer box moves to the outside of the transfer tank, seawater is filtered out in the transfer process, and the garbage moves out of the transfer tank along with the transfer box and is transferred;
(5) the desilting subassembly can carry out reciprocating motion along first guide way and second guide way, and the removal in-process extracts the sea water of top and is used for assaulting the deposit of below, effectively slows down the sedimentation speed.
Example two
A wharf protection structure comprises a wharf main body, wherein the left side wall of the wharf main body is in contact with seawater, an upper protection base block and a lower protection base block are arranged on the left side wall of the wharf main body, the extension length of the upper protection base block is smaller than that of the lower protection base block, a first buffer groove is arranged between the upper protection base block and the lower protection base block, and a second buffer groove is arranged between the lower protection base block and a seabed;
the left side wall of the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision component;
the top wall of the lower protection base block is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower protection base block;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a collecting tank with an opening at the top, the collecting tank is arranged on the lower protective base block, a circle of convex ring is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting tank, the collecting tank is divided into an upper tank body and a lower tank body by the convex ring, a first partition plate is rotatably arranged in the convex ring, a plurality of first water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the first partition plate, and the first partition plate is controlled to turn over by a first motor; when the first partition plate rotates to a horizontal state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a blocking state, and when the first partition plate rotates to a vertical state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a communicating state;
a collecting mechanism is arranged in the upper groove body; the collecting mechanism comprises a first collecting roller and a second collecting roller, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller respectively comprise a main rotating shaft, and a first collecting assembly and a second collecting assembly are alternately arranged on the main rotating shaft;
the first containing assembly comprises a first compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the first compression roller is d1, the first compression roller is sleeved and fixed on the outer wall of the main rotating shaft, a plurality of first pressing strips are uniformly distributed on the first compression roller in a circumferential shape, and the first pressing strips are arranged along the axial direction of the first compression roller;
the second receiving assembly comprises a second compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the second compression roller is d2, 2 x d2 is less than d1, a plurality of supporting plates are uniformly distributed on the outer wall of the second compression roller, a scraper blade is vertically fixed at the outer side end of each supporting plate, the distance between the outer side end of each supporting plate and the central axis of the main rotating shaft is L1, 2 x L1 is more than d1, and a plurality of second water permeable holes are uniformly distributed on the supporting plates;
the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are parallel to each other and are rotatably arranged at an opening of the upper groove body, a first containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a second containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, a second containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a first containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, the minimum gap between the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller is 2-8cm, a main rotating shaft of the first collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a first gear, a main rotating shaft of the second collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a second gear, the first gear and the second gear are mutually meshed, the first gear is driven to rotate by a second motor, and the second motor drives the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely;
a second partition plate is arranged in the lower tank body, the second partition plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from left to right, and a plurality of third water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the second partition plate;
a transfer groove is formed in the right side of the collecting groove, the transfer groove is obliquely and upwards arranged from left to right and upwards extends to the wharf main body, the collecting groove is communicated with the transfer groove through a transfer passage, and the right side end of the second partition plate is fixed to the bottom wall of the transfer passage; the transfer channel is provided with an opening and closing assembly;
a transfer mechanism is arranged in the transfer groove and comprises a transmission assembly and a transfer box, and a water leakage hole is formed in the bottom of the transfer box;
the conveying assembly comprises a first conveying roller and a second conveying roller, the first conveying roller is rotatably arranged outside the transfer tank through a support, the second conveying roller is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the transfer tank, a group of chains is tensioned and fixed between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller, the transfer box is fixed on the chains, the first conveying roller is driven to rotate through a fourth motor, and the fourth motor drives the transfer box to reciprocate between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller;
when the transfer box moves to the bottom of the transfer groove, the transfer box is also partially positioned below the transfer channel, the garbage in the lower groove body can enter the transfer box along with the seawater, the seawater is filtered out from the water leakage hole, and the garbage is transferred after moving to the outside of the transfer groove along with the transfer box;
the bottom of the lower tank body is provided with a first branch pipeline, the bottom of the transfer tank is provided with a second branch pipeline, the first branch pipeline and the second branch pipeline are connected with a first main pipeline through a tee joint, the first main pipeline is connected with a water pumping port of a first pump body, and a water outlet of the first pump body is communicated with a second buffer tank through the second main pipeline;
and a dredging component is arranged in the second buffer tank.
Furthermore, the opening and closing assembly comprises an adjusting cavity which is pre-arranged at the top of the transfer channel, a sliding groove is arranged in the adjusting cavity, the inserting plate is movably arranged in the sliding groove, the inserting plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, a first rack is arranged on the left side wall of the inserting plate, the first rack is meshed with a third gear arranged in the adjusting cavity, the third gear is driven to rotate by a third motor, the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate clockwise, and the third gear drives the inserting plate to penetrate through the adjusting cavity to be inserted into a slot which is pre-arranged at the bottom of the transfer channel so as to enable the transfer channel to be in a blocking state; the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the inserting plate moves upwards to be retracted into the adjusting cavity, so that the transfer channel can be in an open state.
Furthermore, the front end and the rear end of the second buffer tank are respectively provided with a fourth partition plate, the left side of the second buffer tank is provided with a third partition plate, and a plurality of fourth permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the third partition plate;
a first guide groove is formed in the right side wall of the third partition plate, a second guide groove is formed in the left side wall of the second buffer groove and corresponds to the first guide groove, and second racks are arranged on the bottom walls of the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
the dredging component comprises a component shell, two horizontal transmission shafts are arranged in the component shell, two ends of each transmission shaft penetrate through the component shell to be respectively fixed with a fifth gear, and the fifth gears positioned on two sides of the component shell are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
at least one sixth gear is fixed on each transmission shaft, the corresponding sixth gears on the two transmission shafts are connected through a belt, one seventh gear is fixed on one transmission shaft and meshed with an eighth gear fixed on a fifth motor, and the fifth motor drives the eighth gear to transmit, so that the component shell can reciprocate along the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
be equipped with the second pump body on the subassembly casing, the mouth that draws water of the second pump body is connected with the third trunk line, and the third trunk line setting is in the top of subassembly casing, and the third trunk line is drawn water from the left hand right side, and the outlet of the second pump body is connected with the fourth trunk line, and the fourth trunk line is around establishing to the below of subassembly casing, and the fourth trunk line is from the right hand left side and is carried out the drainage.
Further, the cross section of the first press roller is in an isosceles trapezoid structure.
Further, the anticollision subassembly includes at least two rows of anticollision buckets.
Further, the transfer box comprises a box frame 58, the right side wall of the box frame is fixed on the chain through a sliding block 59, a first fixing plate 60 is vertically arranged at the bottom of the left side wall of the box frame downwards, a second fixing plate 61 is vertically arranged at the bottom of the right side wall of the box frame downwards, and at least one group of guide strips 62 are oppositely arranged on the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate;
a lower baffle assembly 63 is movably arranged between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate, the lower baffle assembly comprises a front push plate 64, a rear push plate 65 and a lower baffle 66, the front push plate and the rear push plate are relatively vertically arranged, the lower baffle is horizontally fixed between the front push plate and the rear push plate, the lower baffle assembly is arranged below the box body frame, and guide strips on the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate are respectively inserted into two sides of the lower baffle assembly, so that the lower baffle assembly can move left and right;
a first magnet 67 is arranged on the front push plate, a second magnet 68 is arranged between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate and corresponds to the first magnet, and the polarities of the opposite surfaces of the first magnet and the second magnet are opposite, so that the front push plate can be fixed on the second magnet through the first magnet in an adsorption manner;
when the transfer box is in a loading state, the front push plate is fixed on the second magnet through the first magnet in an adsorption mode, and the box body frame is in a closed state;
after the transfer box moves to the outside of transfer tank, the collecting vessel that will collect rubbish moves to the below of transfer box, pulls open baffle subassembly down, can make rubbish fall into in the collecting vessel.
Furthermore, the movable fender lid 69 that is equipped with in transfer tank's top, fender lid pass through the pneumatic cylinder drive and move, and after the transfer box moved to the transfer tank outside, the fender lid horizontal migration was to the opening that blocks the transfer tank.
Further, a row of anti-collision barrels 70 is arranged on the left side wall of the lower protection foundation pit.
Further, the control method of the wharf protection mechanism comprises the following steps:
(1) the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision assembly for preventing a ship from colliding with the wharf, so that the safety performance of the wharf is improved;
(2) the second motor rotates to drive the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are used for capturing garbage floating on the sea surface into the upper tank body, the first partition plate is turned over once at regular time, and the accumulated garbage is transferred into the lower tank body; when the first partition plate is turned over, the inserting plate of the opening and closing assembly is in a state of blocking the transfer channel;
(3) when the first partition board is in a horizontal state, the inserting board of the opening and closing assembly is withdrawn at regular time to open the transfer channel, the garbage accumulated in the lower tank body can enter the transfer box positioned below the lower tank body through the transfer channel along with the seawater, and the transfer channel is continuously blocked after the transfer is finished;
(4) when the transfer box is in a loading state, the front push plate is fixed on the second magnet through the first magnet in an adsorption mode, and the box body frame is in a closed state; the transfer box moves to the outside of the transfer tank, seawater is filtered out in the transfer process, and garbage is removed together with the transfer box;
(5) when the transfer box moves to the outside of the transfer groove, the blocking cover moves horizontally to block the opening of the transfer groove, the collection barrel for collecting the garbage moves to the lower part of the transfer box, and the lower baffle component is pulled open, so that the garbage can fall into the collection barrel;
(6) the desilting subassembly can carry out reciprocating motion along first guide way and second guide way, and the removal in-process extracts the sea water of top and is used for assaulting the deposit of below, effectively slows down the sedimentation speed.

Claims (5)

1. A wharf protection structure is characterized by comprising a wharf main body, wherein the left side wall of the wharf main body is in contact with seawater, an upper protection base block and a lower protection base block are arranged on the left side wall of the wharf main body, the extension length of the upper protection base block is smaller than that of the lower protection base block, a first buffer groove is arranged between the upper protection base block and the lower protection base block, and a second buffer groove is arranged between the lower protection base block and a seabed;
the left side wall of the upper protection base block is provided with an anti-collision component;
the top wall of the lower protection base block is obliquely and downwards arranged from right to left, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower protection base block;
the cleaning mechanism comprises a collecting tank with an opening at the top, the collecting tank is arranged on the lower protective base block, a circle of convex ring is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting tank, the collecting tank is divided into an upper tank body and a lower tank body by the convex ring, a first partition plate is rotatably arranged in the convex ring, a plurality of first water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the first partition plate, and the first partition plate is controlled to turn over by a first motor; when the first partition plate rotates to a horizontal state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a blocking state, and when the first partition plate rotates to a vertical state, the upper tank body and the lower tank body are in a communicating state;
a collecting mechanism is arranged in the upper groove body; the collecting mechanism comprises a first collecting roller and a second collecting roller, the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller respectively comprise a main rotating shaft, and a first collecting assembly and a second collecting assembly are alternately arranged on the main rotating shaft;
the first containing assembly comprises a first compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the first compression roller is d1, the first compression roller is sleeved and fixed on the outer wall of the main rotating shaft, a plurality of first pressing strips are uniformly distributed on the first compression roller in a circumferential shape, and the first pressing strips are arranged along the axial direction of the first compression roller;
the second receiving assembly comprises a second compression roller of a cylindrical structure, the outer diameter of the second compression roller is d2, 2 x d2 is less than d1, a plurality of supporting plates are uniformly distributed on the outer wall of the second compression roller, a scraper blade is vertically fixed at the outer side end of each supporting plate, the distance between the outer side end of each supporting plate and the central axis of the main rotating shaft is L1, 2 x L1 is more than d1, and a plurality of second water permeable holes are uniformly distributed on the supporting plates;
the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller are parallel to each other and are rotatably arranged at an opening of the upper groove body, a first containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a second containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, a second containing assembly of the first collecting roller and a first containing assembly of the second collecting roller are correspondingly arranged, the minimum gap between the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller is 2-8cm, a main rotating shaft of the first collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a first gear, a main rotating shaft of the second collecting roller penetrates through the upper groove body to be fixed with a second gear, the first gear and the second gear are mutually meshed, the first gear is driven to rotate by a second motor, and the second motor drives the first collecting roller and the second collecting roller to rotate oppositely;
a second partition plate is arranged in the lower tank body, the second partition plate is obliquely and downwards arranged from left to right, and a plurality of third water permeable holes are uniformly distributed in the second partition plate;
a transfer groove is formed in the right side of the collecting groove, the transfer groove is obliquely and upwards arranged from left to right and upwards extends to the wharf main body, the collecting groove is communicated with the transfer groove through a transfer passage, and the right side end of the second partition plate is fixed to the bottom wall of the transfer passage; the transfer channel is provided with an opening and closing assembly;
a transfer mechanism is arranged in the transfer groove and comprises a transmission assembly and a transfer box, and a water leakage hole is formed in the bottom of the transfer box;
the conveying assembly comprises a first conveying roller and a second conveying roller, the first conveying roller is rotatably arranged outside the transfer tank through a support, the second conveying roller is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the transfer tank, a group of chains is tensioned and fixed between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller, the transfer box is fixed on the chains, the first conveying roller is driven to rotate through a fourth motor, and the fourth motor drives the transfer box to reciprocate between the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller;
when the transfer box moves to the bottom of the transfer groove, the transfer box is also partially positioned below the transfer channel, the garbage in the lower groove body can enter the transfer box along with the seawater, the seawater is filtered out from the water leakage hole, and the garbage is transferred after moving to the outside of the transfer groove along with the transfer box;
the bottom of the lower tank body is provided with a first branch pipeline, the bottom of the transfer tank is provided with a second branch pipeline, the first branch pipeline and the second branch pipeline are connected with a first main pipeline through a tee joint, the first main pipeline is connected with a water pumping port of a first pump body, and a water outlet of the first pump body is communicated with a second buffer tank through the second main pipeline;
and a dredging component is arranged in the second buffer tank.
2. The wharf protection structure of claim 1, wherein the opening and closing assembly comprises an adjusting cavity preset at the top of the transfer passage, a sliding groove is formed in the adjusting cavity, the inserting plate is movably arranged in the sliding groove, the inserting plate is obliquely and downwardly arranged from right to left, a first rack is arranged on the left side wall of the inserting plate, the first rack is meshed with a third gear arranged in the adjusting cavity, the third gear is driven to rotate by a third motor, the third motor drives the third gear to rotate clockwise, and the third gear drives the inserting plate to penetrate through the adjusting cavity to be inserted into a slot preset at the bottom of the transfer passage so as to enable the transfer passage to be in a blocking state; the third motor rotates to drive the third gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the inserting plate moves upwards to be retracted into the adjusting cavity, so that the transfer channel can be in an open state.
3. The dock protection structure of claim 1, wherein a fourth partition is provided at each of front and rear ends of the second buffer tank, a third partition is provided at a left side of the second buffer tank, and a plurality of fourth water permeable holes are uniformly formed in the third partition;
a first guide groove is formed in the right side wall of the third partition plate, a second guide groove is formed in the left side wall of the second buffer groove and corresponds to the first guide groove, and second racks are arranged on the bottom walls of the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
the dredging component comprises a component shell, two transmission shafts are horizontally arranged in the component shell, two ends of each transmission shaft penetrate through the component shell to be respectively fixed with a fifth gear, and the fifth gears positioned on two sides of the component shell are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
at least one sixth gear is fixed on each transmission shaft, the corresponding sixth gears on the two transmission shafts are connected through a belt, one seventh gear is fixed on one transmission shaft and meshed with an eighth gear fixed on a fifth motor, and the fifth motor drives the eighth gear to transmit, so that the component shell can reciprocate along the first guide groove and the second guide groove;
be equipped with the second pump body on the subassembly casing, the mouth that draws water of the second pump body is connected with the third trunk line, and the third trunk line setting is in the top of subassembly casing, and the third trunk line is drawn water from the left hand right side, and the outlet of the second pump body is connected with the fourth trunk line, and the fourth trunk line is around establishing to the below of subassembly casing, and the fourth trunk line is from the right hand left side and is carried out the drainage.
4. A wharf protection structure according to claim 1, wherein the first pressure roller has an isosceles trapezoid cross-sectional shape.
5. A wharf protection structure as claimed in claim 1 wherein the crash module includes at least two rows of crash cans.
CN201910241565.1A 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Wharf protection structure Active CN110894713B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910241565.1A CN110894713B (en) 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Wharf protection structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910241565.1A CN110894713B (en) 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Wharf protection structure

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CN110894713B true CN110894713B (en) 2021-01-08

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201713799U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-01-19 李学麒 Integrated water hyacinths dredging and treating apparatus
ES1135747U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-02-04 Jose Manuel GALAN MARTIN Mechanism for collecting petroleum products (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN106759076A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 浙江海洋大学 Harbour dredging structure
CN207878415U (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-09-18 上海市政工程设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 A kind of floating sewage blocking structure applied to long piled wharf
CN208604660U (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-03-15 浙江奥力环保设备有限公司 River sewage automatic processing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201713799U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-01-19 李学麒 Integrated water hyacinths dredging and treating apparatus
ES1135747U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-02-04 Jose Manuel GALAN MARTIN Mechanism for collecting petroleum products (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN106759076A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 浙江海洋大学 Harbour dredging structure
CN207878415U (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-09-18 上海市政工程设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 A kind of floating sewage blocking structure applied to long piled wharf
CN208604660U (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-03-15 浙江奥力环保设备有限公司 River sewage automatic processing device

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