CN110882792B - Traditional chinese medical science treatment drug grinder for endocrine dyscrasia - Google Patents

Traditional chinese medical science treatment drug grinder for endocrine dyscrasia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110882792B
CN110882792B CN201911210976.0A CN201911210976A CN110882792B CN 110882792 B CN110882792 B CN 110882792B CN 201911210976 A CN201911210976 A CN 201911210976A CN 110882792 B CN110882792 B CN 110882792B
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
grinding
chamber
wheel
reciprocating
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201911210976.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110882792A (en
Inventor
鲁阳侠
崔爽
周云蕾
孟帆
杨芳
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/004Shape or construction of rollers or balls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/006Ring or disc drive gear arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C2015/008Roller drive arrangements

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicine processing, and particularly relates to a medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia in traditional Chinese medicine, which comprises a cylindrical grinding chamber, wherein a feeding cylinder is arranged on the grinding chamber; one end of the grinding chamber is connected with a grinding chamber, and the end of the grinding chamber far away from the grinding chamber is connected with a discharging barrel; one end of the crushing chamber, which is far away from the grinding chamber, is connected with a transmission device, and the transmission device is connected with a power assembly; the transmission device comprises a reciprocating structure and a transmission structure which are connected with the power assembly, the transmission structure is connected with a main shaft, and the main shaft is connected with a grinding structure corresponding to the grinding chamber; the transmission structure is also connected with a crushing transmission assembly, the crushing transmission assembly is connected with a crushing shaft, and the crushing shaft is connected with a chopping knife; the reciprocating structure is connected with a rotating structure corresponding to the crushing shaft, and drives the crushing shaft to slide in a fan shape through the rotating structure; the invention effectively solves the problems of poor crushing effect and poor grinding effect of the traditional Chinese medicine grinding device.

Description

Traditional chinese medical science treatment drug grinder for endocrine dyscrasia
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicine processing, relates to a medicine grinding device, and particularly relates to a medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia in traditional Chinese medicine.
Background
Endocrine is one of two major control systems responsible for regulating the normal functioning of various physiological functions in the body of an animal, and consists of ductless glands (endocrine glands) that secrete hormones (hormones). Normally, the hormones are in balance, and if the balance is broken for some reason (too much or too little hormone) the endocrine disorder is caused, and the corresponding clinical manifestations are caused. The traditional Chinese medicine is prepared by collecting, processing and preparing under the guidance of the traditional Chinese medicine theory, explains the action mechanism and guides the medicine for clinical application, has unique advantages in the aspect of internal secretion conditioning, but in order to enable part of the medicine to be easier to absorb and utilize, improve the efficacy of the medicine and properly shorten the decoction time, the medicine needs to be subjected to fine treatment, the existing treatment method basically keeps the traditional processing method, namely the traditional processing method mainly comprises cutting, chopping and grinding, so that the decoction time is long, the labor intensity of a decoction operator is increased, the absorption effect is not good, and the traditional Chinese medicine brings great economic burden to patients.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above situation, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a traditional Chinese medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia, which effectively solves the problems of poor grinding effect and poor grinding effect of the traditional Chinese medicine grinding device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a traditional Chinese medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia comprises a cylindrical grinding chamber, wherein a feeding cylinder is arranged on the grinding chamber; one end of the grinding chamber is connected with a grinding chamber, and the end of the grinding chamber far away from the grinding chamber is connected with a discharging barrel; one end of the crushing chamber, which is far away from the grinding chamber, is connected with a transmission device, and the transmission device is connected with a power assembly; the transmission device comprises a reciprocating structure and a transmission structure which are connected with the power assembly, the transmission structure is connected with a main shaft, and the main shaft is connected with a grinding structure corresponding to the grinding chamber; the transmission structure is also connected with a crushing transmission assembly, the crushing transmission assembly is connected with a crushing shaft, and the crushing shaft is connected with a chopping knife; the reciprocating structure is connected with a rotating structure corresponding to the crushing shaft, and drives the crushing shaft to slide in a fan shape through the rotating structure;
one end of the crushing chamber is connected with a transmission chamber corresponding to the transmission structure, and the transmission chamber is connected with a reciprocating chamber corresponding to the reciprocating structure; the reciprocating structure comprises a reciprocating driving wheel connected with the power assembly, a reciprocating connecting rod is rotatably connected to the reciprocating driving wheel, a sector gear is rotatably connected to one end, far away from the reciprocating driving wheel, of the reciprocating connecting rod, and the sector gear is rotatably connected with the reciprocating chamber; an accelerating gear set is meshed on the sector gear, the accelerating gear set comprises an accelerating driving gear meshed with the sector gear, the accelerating driving gear is coaxially connected with an accelerating large gear, and an accelerating small gear is meshed on the accelerating large gear; the accelerating pinion is coaxially connected with a steering gear set, and the steering gear set is connected with the rotating structure;
the transmission structure comprises a driving idler wheel meshed with the reciprocating driving wheel, and a driven idler wheel is meshed on the driving idler wheel; an upper crushing driving wheel is meshed on the driven idler wheel and is coaxially arranged with the reciprocating driving wheel, and the upper crushing driving wheel is fixedly connected to the main shaft; the crushing transmission assembly comprises a lower crushing driving wheel fixedly connected with the main shaft, a plurality of crushing driven wheels are meshed on the lower crushing driving wheel, crushing gears are meshed on the crushing driven wheels, and the crushing gears are fixedly connected with the crushing shaft;
the rotating structure comprises a worm connected with the output end of the steering gear set, a worm wheel is meshed on the worm, a rotating shaft is fixedly connected on the worm wheel, and the grinding driven wheel is rotationally connected with the rotating shaft; a driving rod is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft and is rotationally connected with the crushing gear; the other crushing driven wheel is rotatably connected with an L-shaped rod, and the middle part of the L-shaped rod is rotatably connected with the corresponding crushing driven rod; the driving rod and the L-shaped rods are rotatably connected with traction rods, and adjacent L-shaped rods are connected through the traction rods.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. when the invention is used, the motor drives the reciprocating structure to move and the transmission structure to move synchronously; the transmission structure drives the crushing transmission assembly to rotate, the crushing transmission assembly drives the crushing shaft to rotate, and the crushing shaft drives the chopping knife to rotate to crush the traditional Chinese medicine; meanwhile, the reciprocating structure drives the rotating structure to act, and the rotating structure drives the crushing shaft to move along the sector in a reciprocating manner; that is, the crushing shaft 18 drives the chopping knife to rotate, the crushing shaft moves along the fan shape to crush the traditional Chinese medicine, the crushing shaft and the chopping knife break the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushing chamber in disorder, and meanwhile, the action area of the chopping knife is increased, so that the crushing effect of the invention is improved.
2. When the grinding structure is used, the main shaft drives the sun gear to rotate, the sun gear drives the small planetary gear to rotate along the outer gear ring, the small planetary gear drives the planet carrier to rotate, the planet carrier drives the grinding frame to rotate, and the grinding frame drives the grinding wheel to move; meanwhile, the main shaft drives the driving umbrella-shaped wheel to rotate, the driving umbrella-shaped wheel drives the driven umbrella-shaped wheel to rotate, and the driven umbrella-shaped wheel drives the grinding wheel to rotate through the rotating shaft to grind the traditional Chinese medicine. Namely, the grinding wheel rotates along the rotating shaft while rotating in the circumferential direction, so that the grinding effect of the grinding wheel is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 3A-A of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the pulverizing structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the transmission of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a first isometric view of a reciprocating structure of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a second isometric view of a reciprocating structure of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a third perspective view of the reciprocating structure of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an isometric view of the transmission of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is an isometric view of an abrasive structure of the invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the polishing structure of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a top view of the internal structure of the abrasive structure of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 13B-B in accordance with the present invention;
in the figure: 1. pillar, 2, collection lid, 3, vibrating motor, 4, blanking cartridge, 5, grinding chamber, 6, crushing chamber, 7, transmission chamber, 8, reciprocating chamber, 9, feeding cartridge, 10, motor, 11, grinding chamber bottom plate, 12, grinding structure, 1201, outer gear ring, 1202, sun gear, 1203, pinion gear, 1204, grinding wheel, 1205, planet carrier, 1206, grinding frame, 1207, shaft, 1208, driven bevel wheel; 13. grinding chamber top plate, 14, crushing chamber bottom plate, 15, chopping and mixing knife, 16, transmission device, 1601, reciprocating driving wheel, 1602, sector gear, 1603, accelerating driving gear, 1604, accelerating large gear, 1605, accelerating small gear, 1606, steering gear set, 1607, lower crushing driving wheel, 1608, chute, 1609, crushing gear, 1610, driving rod, 1611, traction rod, 1612, crushing driven wheel, 1613, driving idle wheel, 1614, driven idle wheel, 1615, reciprocating connecting rod, 1616, upper crushing driving wheel, 1617, worm, 1618, worm gear, 1619 and L-shaped rod; 17. main shaft, 18, crushing shaft, 19, sealing plate, 20, crushing chamber top plate, 21 and conveying cylinder.
Detailed Description
A traditional Chinese medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia comprises a cylindrical grinding chamber 6, as shown in figures 1-14, a feeding cylinder 9 is arranged on the grinding chamber 6; one end of the crushing chamber 6 is connected with a grinding chamber 5, and one end of the grinding chamber 5, which is far away from the crushing chamber 6, is connected with a lower charging barrel 4; one end of the crushing chamber 6, which is far away from the grinding chamber 5, is connected with a transmission device 16, and the transmission device 16 is connected with a power assembly which is a motor 10; the transmission device 16 comprises a reciprocating structure and a transmission structure which are connected with the power assembly, the transmission structure is connected with a main shaft 17, and the main shaft 17 is connected with a grinding structure 12 corresponding to the grinding chamber 5; the transmission structure is also connected with a crushing transmission assembly, the crushing transmission assembly is connected with a crushing shaft 18, and the crushing shaft 18 is connected with a chopping knife 15; the reciprocating structure is connected with a rotating structure corresponding to the crushing shaft 18, and the reciprocating structure drives the crushing shaft 18 to slide in a fan shape through the rotating structure; the grinding chamber 5 is fixed with a support 1 on the periphery.
When the invention is used, a user puts traditional Chinese medicine into the crushing chamber 6 through the feeding cylinder 9, the motor 10 rotates, and the motor 10 drives the reciprocating structure to move and the transmission structure to move synchronously; the transmission structure drives the crushing transmission component to rotate, the crushing transmission component drives the crushing shaft 18 to rotate, and the crushing shaft 18 drives the chopping knife 15 to rotate to crush the traditional Chinese medicine; meanwhile, the reciprocating structure drives the rotating structure to act, and the rotating structure drives the crushing shaft 18 to move along the sector in a reciprocating mode; the crushing shaft 18 drives the chopping knife 15 to rotate and simultaneously crush the traditional Chinese medicine along the fan-shaped motion, the crushing shaft 18 and the chopping knife 15 break the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushing chamber 6 into pieces, and meanwhile, the action area of the chopping knife 15 is increased, so that the crushing effect of the invention is improved; the traditional chinese medicine after smashing gets into grinding room 5, and transmission structure drives main shaft 17 and rotates, and main shaft 17 drives grinding structure 12 and grinds the traditional chinese medicine after smashing, because the crushing effect of smashing room 6 is better, great improvement grinding structure 12's grinding speed.
One end of the crushing chamber 6 is connected with a transmission chamber 7 corresponding to a transmission structure, and the transmission chamber 7 is connected with a reciprocating chamber 8 corresponding to a reciprocating structure; the reciprocating structure comprises a reciprocating driving wheel 1601 connected with a power assembly, a reciprocating connecting rod 1615 is connected to the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 in a rotating connection mode, a sector gear 1602 is connected to one end, far away from the reciprocating driving wheel 1601, of the reciprocating connecting rod 1615 in a rotating connection mode, and the sector gear 1602 is connected with a reciprocating chamber 8 in a rotating connection mode; an accelerating gear set is meshed on the sector gear 1602, the accelerating gear set comprises an accelerating driving gear 1603 meshed with the sector gear 1602, the accelerating driving gear 1603 is coaxially connected with an accelerating large gear 1604, and an accelerating small gear 1605 is meshed on the accelerating large gear 1604; the acceleration pinion 1605 is coaxially connected with a steering gear set 1606, and the steering gear set 1606 is connected with a rotating structure; the steering gear set 1606 includes a reciprocating driving bevel wheel, on which a reciprocating driven bevel wheel 1208 is engaged, the reciprocating driven bevel wheel 1208 being connected to the rotating structure.
When the reciprocating structure acts, the motor 10 drives the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 to rotate, and the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 drives the sector gear 1602 to rotate back and forth along the reciprocating chamber 8 through the reciprocating connecting rod 1615; the sector gear 1602 drives an acceleration driving gear 1603 to rotate, the acceleration driving gear 1603 drives an acceleration large gear 1604 to rotate, the acceleration large gear 1604 drives an acceleration small gear 1605 to rotate, the acceleration small gear 1605 drives a rotating structure to act through a steering gear set 1606, namely, the reciprocating driving gear 1601 drives the rotating structure to reciprocate, and the rotating structure drives the crushing shaft 18 to reciprocate; the reciprocating structure is used for driving the crushing shaft 18 to reciprocate along the circumferential direction of the crushing chamber 6 while rotating, so that the action range of the chopping knife 15 is enlarged, and the crushing effect of the invention is improved.
The transmission structure comprises a driving idle wheel 1613 meshed with the reciprocating driving wheel 1601, and a driven idle wheel 1614 meshed with the driving idle wheel 1613; an upper crushing driving wheel 1616 is meshed with the driven idle wheel 1614, the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 is coaxially arranged with the reciprocating driving wheel 1601, and the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 is fixedly connected to the main shaft 17; crushing drive assembly includes the lower drive wheel 1607 of smashing with main shaft 17 rigid coupling down, and the meshing has a plurality of crushing from the driving wheel 1612 on the lower drive wheel 1607 of smashing, smashes the preferred three of quantity from the driving wheel 1612, smashes and all has the crushing gear 1609 of meshing from on the driving wheel 1612, smashes gear 1609 and smash 18 rigid couplings.
When the transmission structure is used, the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 drives the driving idle wheel 1613 to drive the driven idle wheel 1614 to rotate, the driven idle wheel 1614 drives the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 to rotate, the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 drives the spindle 17 to rotate, and the spindle 17 drives the grinding structure 12 to act, namely, the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 synchronously drives the transmission structure to act and the reciprocating structure to act; the transmission structure drives the crushing transmission assembly to rotate, the main shaft 17 drives the crushing driving wheel 1607 to rotate, the lower crushing driving wheel 1607 drives the crushing driven wheel 1612 to rotate, the crushing driven wheel 1612 drives the crushing shaft 18 to rotate through the crushing gear 1609, the crushing shaft 18 drives the chopping knife 15 to chop the traditional Chinese medicines, three groups of chopping knives 15 are arranged, the traditional Chinese medicines in the chopping range of the chopping knife 15 are chopped, and meanwhile the traditional Chinese medicines hit by the chopping knife 15 in other regions are chopped, so that the crushing uniformity and the crushing effect are good.
The rotating structure comprises a worm 1617 connected with the output end of the steering gear set 1606, a reciprocating driven bevel wheel 1208 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the worm 1617, a worm wheel 1618 is meshed on the worm 1617, a rotating shaft is fixedly connected on the worm wheel 1618, and a crushing driven wheel 1612 is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; a driving rod 1610 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, and the driving rod 1610 is rotatably connected with a crushing gear 1609; an L-shaped rod 1619 is rotatably connected to the other crushing driven wheel 1612, and the middle part of the L-shaped rod 1619 is rotatably connected with the corresponding crushing driven rod; the active lever 1610 and the L-shaped lever 1619 are both rotatably connected with a traction lever 1611, and the traction lever 1611 is connected with the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 and the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 through the traction lever 1611.
When the rotating structure acts, the reciprocating driven bevel wheel 1208 drives the worm 1617 to rotate, the worm 1617 drives the worm wheel 1618 to rotate, the worm wheel 1618 drives the driving rod 1610 to rotate through the rotating shaft, and the driving rod 1610 drives the crushing gear 1609 to rotate along the circumferential direction of the crushing driven wheel 1612, namely, the crushing shaft 18 is driven to rotate along the crushing driven wheel 1612; meanwhile, the driving lever 1610 drives the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 to rotate through the traction lever 1611, the L-shaped lever 1619 drives the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 to rotate through the traction lever 1611, and the L-shaped lever 1619 drives the corresponding crushing gear 1609 to rotate along the circumferential direction of the crushing driven wheel 1612; namely, the rotating structure drives the three pairs of crushing shafts 18 to rotate along the circumferential direction of the crushing driven wheel 1612 at the same time, so that the crushing effect of the chopping knife 15 is improved.
The grinding structure 12 comprises a planetary gear set connected with a main shaft 17, and a grinding assembly is connected to the planetary gear set; the planetary gear set comprises a sun gear 1202 fixedly connected with the main shaft 17, a plurality of small planet gears 1203 are meshed on the sun gear 1202, the number of the preferred small planet gears 1203 is three, and an external gear ring 1201 meshed with the small planet gears 1203 is fixedly connected on the crushing chamber 6; the grinding chamber 5 is rotatably connected with a planet carrier 1205 corresponding to the minor planet gear 1203, the minor planet gear 1203 is rotatably connected with the planet carrier 1205, and the planet carrier 1205 is provided with a through hole corresponding to the main shaft 17.
The grinding assembly comprises a grinding frame 1206 fixedly connected with a planet carrier 1205, and a grinding wheel 1204 rotatably connected with the grinding frame 1206; the grinding frame 1206 is provided with a containing cavity corresponding to the main shaft 17, a driving umbrella-shaped wheel fixedly connected to the main shaft 17 is arranged in the containing cavity, the driving umbrella-shaped wheel is engaged with a driven umbrella-shaped wheel 1208, and a rotating shaft 1207 fixedly connected with the grinding wheel 1204 is fixedly connected to the driven umbrella-shaped wheel 1208.
When the grinding structure 12 is used, the main shaft 17 drives the sun gear 1202 to rotate, the sun gear 1202 drives the small planetary gear 1203 to rotate along the outer gear ring 1201, the small planetary gear 1203 drives the planet carrier 1205 to rotate, the planet carrier 1205 drives the grinding frame 1206 to rotate, and the grinding frame 1206 drives the grinding wheel 1204 to move; meanwhile, the spindle 17 drives the driving bevel wheel to rotate, the driving bevel wheel drives the driven bevel wheel 1208 to rotate, and the driven bevel wheel 1208 drives the grinding wheel 1204 to rotate through the rotating shaft 1207 to grind the traditional Chinese medicine. That is, the grinding wheel 1204 rotates along the rotating shaft 1207 while rotating in the circumferential direction, thereby improving the grinding effect of the grinding wheel 1204.
A crushing chamber top plate 20 is arranged at one end of the crushing chamber 6 close to the transmission chamber 7, a crushing chamber bottom plate 14 is arranged at the other end of the crushing chamber 6, sliding grooves 1608 matched with the crushing shaft 18 are respectively arranged on the crushing chamber bottom plate 14 and the crushing chamber top plate 20, and a sealing plate 19 matched with the sliding grooves 1608 is arranged on the crushing shaft 18; the crushing chamber bottom plate 14 is provided with a connecting hole corresponding to the grinding chamber 5, and the grinding chamber 5 is provided with a conveying cylinder 21 corresponding to the connecting hole.
The chute 1608 is arranged to improve the stability of the movement of the crushing shaft 18, and the sealing plate 19 is arranged to prevent the traditional Chinese medicine from entering the chute 1608 to influence the movement of the crushing shaft 18, so that the stability of the invention is improved; the crushed traditional Chinese medicine enters the grinding chamber 5 through the connecting hole and the conveying cylinder 21.
A grinding chamber top plate 13 is arranged at one end of the grinding chamber 5 close to the crushing chamber 6, and a feed opening corresponding to the conveying cylinder 21 is arranged on the grinding chamber top plate 13; the other end of the grinding chamber 5 is connected with a grinding chamber bottom plate 11, the strut 1 is fixedly connected with the grinding chamber bottom plate 11, and a discharging hole corresponding to the discharging barrel 4 is formed in the grinding chamber bottom plate 11; a protection cavity is formed between the grinding chamber top plate 13 and the crushing chamber bottom plate 14, and the planetary gear set is arranged in the protection cavity.
A grinding plate is arranged to be matched with the grinding wheel 1204, and the ground traditional Chinese medicine enters the lower charging barrel 4 through a discharging hole; the protection cavity is arranged to protect the planetary gear set, so that the stability of the planetary gear set is improved.
The discharging barrel 4 is provided with a vibrating motor 3, the discharging barrel 4 is provided with a discharging port, and the discharging port is connected with a collecting cover 2 in a threaded mode. Set up vibrating motor 3 and prevent that the traditional chinese medicine powder after the grinding from piling up on feed cylinder 4 down, improve the unloading effect of feed cylinder 4 down.
The working process of the invention is as follows:
when the traditional Chinese medicine cutting and mixing device is used, a user puts traditional Chinese medicines into the crushing chamber 6 through the feeding cylinder 9, the motor 10 rotates, the motor 10 drives the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 to rotate, the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 drives the driving idle wheel 1613 to rotate the driven idle wheel 1614, the driven idle wheel 1614 drives the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 to rotate, the upper crushing driving wheel 1616 drives the main shaft 17 to rotate, the main shaft 17 drives the lower crushing driving wheel 1607 to rotate, the lower crushing driving wheel 1607 drives the crushing driven wheel 1612 to rotate, the crushing driven wheel 1612 drives the crushing shaft 18 to rotate through the crushing gear 1609, and the crushing shaft 18 drives the cutting and mixing knife 15 to cut and mix the traditional Chinese medicines.
Meanwhile, the reciprocating driving wheel 1601 drives the sector gear 1602 to rotate back and forth along the reciprocating chamber 8 through the reciprocating connecting rod 1615; the sector gear 1602 drives an acceleration driving gear 1603 to rotate, the acceleration driving gear 1603 drives an acceleration large gear 1604 to rotate, and the acceleration large gear 1604 drives an acceleration small gear 1605 to rotate; the accelerating pinion 1605 drives the worm 1617 to rotate through the steering gear set 1606, the worm 1617 drives the worm wheel 1618 to rotate, the worm wheel 1618 drives the driving rod 1610 to rotate through the rotating shaft, the driving rod 1610 drives the crushing gear 1609 to rotate along the circumferential direction of the crushing driven wheel 1612, namely, the crushing shaft 18 is driven to rotate along the crushing driven wheel 1612; meanwhile, the driving lever 1610 drives the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 to rotate through the traction lever 1611, the L-shaped lever 1619 drives the adjacent L-shaped lever 1619 to rotate through the traction lever 1611, and the L-shaped lever 1619 drives the corresponding crushing gear 1609 to rotate along the circumferential direction of the crushing driven wheel 1612; namely, the three pairs of crushing shafts 18 are driven by the rotating structure to simultaneously slide along the circumferential direction of the corresponding crushing driven wheels 1612, namely, the crushing shafts 18 are driven to rotate and simultaneously slide along the circumferential direction of the corresponding crushing driven wheels 1612.
The crushed traditional Chinese medicine enters the grinding chamber 5 through the connecting hole via the conveying cylinder 21, the main shaft 17 drives the sun gear 1202 to rotate, the sun gear 1202 drives the small planetary gear 1203 to rotate along the outer gear ring 1201, the small planetary gear 1203 drives the planet carrier 1205 to rotate, the planet carrier 1205 drives the grinding frame 1206 to rotate, and the grinding frame 1206 drives the grinding wheel 1204 to move; meanwhile, the main shaft 17 drives the driving umbrella-shaped wheel to rotate, the driving umbrella-shaped wheel drives the driven umbrella-shaped wheel 1208 to rotate, and the driven umbrella-shaped wheel 1208 drives the grinding wheel 1204 to rotate through a rotating shaft 1207 to grind the traditional Chinese medicine; i.e., along the axis 1207 while the grinding wheel 1204 is rotating circumferentially; the ground traditional Chinese medicine enters the lower feed cylinder 4 through the feed hole, and the traditional Chinese medicine in the lower feed cylinder 4 flows out under the action of the vibrating motor 3.

Claims (6)

1. A traditional Chinese medicine grinding device for treating endocrine dyscrasia comprises a cylindrical grinding chamber (6), wherein a feeding cylinder (9) is arranged on the grinding chamber (6); one end of the crushing chamber (6) is connected with a grinding chamber (5), and one end of the grinding chamber (5) far away from the crushing chamber (6) is connected with a lower charging barrel (4); the method is characterized in that: one end of the crushing chamber (6) far away from the grinding chamber (5) is connected with a transmission device (16), and the transmission device (16) is connected with a power assembly; the transmission device (16) comprises a reciprocating structure and a transmission structure which are connected with the power assembly, the transmission structure is connected with a main shaft (17), and the main shaft (17) is connected with a grinding structure (12) corresponding to the grinding chamber (5); the transmission structure is also connected with a crushing transmission assembly, the crushing transmission assembly is connected with a crushing shaft (18), and the crushing shaft (18) is connected with a chopping knife (15); the reciprocating structure is connected with a rotating structure corresponding to the crushing shaft (18), and drives the crushing shaft (18) to slide in a fan shape through the rotating structure; one end of the crushing chamber (6) is connected with a transmission chamber (7) corresponding to a transmission structure, and the transmission chamber (7) is connected with a reciprocating chamber (8) corresponding to a reciprocating structure; the reciprocating structure comprises a reciprocating driving wheel (1601) connected with a power assembly, a reciprocating connecting rod (1615) is connected to the reciprocating driving wheel (1601) in a rotating mode, a sector gear (1602) is connected to one end, far away from the reciprocating driving wheel (1601), of the reciprocating connecting rod (1615) in a rotating mode, and the sector gear (1602) is connected with a reciprocating chamber (8) in a rotating mode; an accelerating gear set is meshed on the sector gear (1602), the accelerating gear set comprises an accelerating driving gear (1603) meshed with the sector gear (1602), the accelerating driving gear (1603) is coaxially connected with an accelerating large gear (1604), and an accelerating small gear (1605) is meshed on the accelerating large gear (1604); the accelerating pinion (1605) is coaxially connected with a steering gear set (1606), and the steering gear set (1606) is connected with a rotating structure; the transmission structure comprises a driving idle wheel (1613) meshed with the reciprocating driving wheel (1601), and a driven idle wheel (1614) is meshed on the driving idle wheel (1613); an upper crushing driving wheel (1616) is meshed on the driven idle wheel (1614), the upper crushing driving wheel (1616) and the reciprocating driving wheel (1601) are coaxially arranged, and the upper crushing driving wheel (1616) is fixedly connected to the main shaft (17); the crushing transmission assembly comprises a lower crushing driving wheel (1607) fixedly connected with the main shaft (17), a plurality of crushing driven wheels (1612) are meshed on the lower crushing driving wheel (1607), crushing gears (1609) are meshed on the crushing driven wheels (1612), and the crushing gears (1609) are fixedly connected with a crushing shaft (18); the rotating structure comprises a worm (1617) connected with the output end of the steering gear set (1606), a worm wheel (1618) is meshed on the worm (1617), a rotating shaft is fixedly connected on the worm wheel (1618), and the crushing driven wheel (1612) is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; a driving rod (1610) is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, and the driving rod (1610) is rotatably connected with the crushing gear (1609); the other crushing driven wheel (1612) is rotatably connected with an L-shaped rod (1619), and the middle part of the L-shaped rod (1619) is rotatably connected with the corresponding crushing driven rod; the driving rod (1610) and the L-shaped rods (1619) are both rotatably connected with a traction rod (1611), and the adjacent L-shaped rods (1619) are connected through the traction rod (1611).
2. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grinding device comprises: the grinding structure (12) comprises a planetary gear set connected with the main shaft (17), and a grinding assembly is connected to the planetary gear set; the planetary gear set comprises a sun gear (1202) fixedly connected with the main shaft (17), a plurality of small planet gears (1203) are meshed with the sun gear (1202), and an outer gear ring (1201) meshed with the small planet gears (1203) is fixedly connected with the crushing chamber (6); the grinding chamber (5) is rotatably connected with a planet carrier (1205) corresponding to a small planetary gear (1203), the small planetary gear (1203) is rotatably connected with the planet carrier (1205), and a through hole corresponding to the main shaft (17) is formed in the planet carrier (1205).
3. The device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the grinding device comprises: the grinding assembly comprises a grinding frame (1206), the grinding frame (1206) is fixedly connected with a planet carrier (1205), and a grinding wheel (1204) is rotatably connected to the grinding frame (1206); the grinding frame (1206) is provided with a containing cavity corresponding to the main shaft (17), a driving umbrella-shaped wheel fixedly connected to the main shaft (17) is arranged in the containing cavity, the driving umbrella-shaped wheel is meshed with a driven umbrella-shaped wheel (1208), and a rotating shaft (1207) fixedly connected with the grinding wheel (1204) is fixedly connected to the driven umbrella-shaped wheel (1208).
4. The device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the grinding device comprises: a crushing chamber top plate (20) is arranged at one end of the crushing chamber (6) close to the transmission chamber (7), a crushing chamber bottom plate (14) is arranged at the other end of the crushing chamber (6), sliding grooves (1608) matched with the crushing shaft (18) are formed in the crushing chamber bottom plate (14) and the crushing chamber top plate (20), and a sealing plate (19) matched with the sliding grooves (1608) is arranged on the crushing shaft (18); the crushing chamber bottom plate (14) is provided with a connecting hole corresponding to the grinding chamber (5), and the grinding chamber (5) is provided with a conveying cylinder (21) corresponding to the connecting hole.
5. The device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the grinding device comprises: a grinding chamber top plate (13) is arranged at one end of the grinding chamber (5) close to the crushing chamber (6), and a feed opening corresponding to the conveying cylinder (21) is arranged on the grinding chamber top plate (13); the other end of the grinding chamber (5) is connected with a grinding chamber bottom plate (11), and a discharging hole corresponding to the discharging barrel (4) is formed in the grinding chamber bottom plate (11); a protection cavity is formed between the grinding chamber top plate (13) and the crushing chamber bottom plate (14), and the planetary gear set is arranged in the protection cavity.
6. The device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the grinding device comprises: the discharging device is characterized in that a vibrating motor (3) is arranged on the discharging barrel (4), a discharging port is arranged on the discharging barrel (4), and a collecting cover (2) is connected to the discharging port in a threaded mode.
CN201911210976.0A 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Traditional chinese medical science treatment drug grinder for endocrine dyscrasia Expired - Fee Related CN110882792B (en)

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