CN110847515A - Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110847515A
CN110847515A CN201911270574.XA CN201911270574A CN110847515A CN 110847515 A CN110847515 A CN 110847515A CN 201911270574 A CN201911270574 A CN 201911270574A CN 110847515 A CN110847515 A CN 110847515A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
roof
pitched roof
manufacturing
reinforced cement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911270574.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程美涛
陶蕊
朱海红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Construction No 5 Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Construction No 5 Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Construction No 5 Group Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Construction No 5 Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911270574.XA priority Critical patent/CN110847515A/en
Publication of CN110847515A publication Critical patent/CN110847515A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/02Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • E04D13/1606Insulation of the roof covering characterised by its integration in the roof structure
    • E04D13/1662Inverted roofs or exteriorly insulated roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • E04D13/1687Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure the insulating material having provisions for roof drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • E04D13/1687Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure the insulating material having provisions for roof drainage
    • E04D13/1693Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure the insulating material having provisions for roof drainage the upper surface of the insulating material forming an inclined surface

Abstract

The invention provides a sloping roof structure and a manufacturing method thereof. On the premise of ensuring basic waterproof and heat-preservation requirements, the building material can not only meet different external vertical surface forms, but also reduce the waste phenomenon of repeated arrangement of bonding layers and protective layers in the material construction method, and realize the requirements of environmental protection and energy conservation of green buildings.

Description

Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the application of a novel plate, in particular to the field of manufacturing of sloping roofs.
Background
Under the influence of the ever-increasing civil tourism market environment, various developers and social groups are on the way of developing residents with tourism development potential all over the country, the civil residential building design industry is also activated, the design style of civil residential buildings is matched with the special pursuit of people who use the civil buildings, the civil residential buildings generally have the overall integration with peripheral landscapes, are similar to the appearance of the original buildings, and have representative requirements for embodying local building characteristics and the like, and in the building design, a conventional design method is broken through in the external elevation, the roof shape and the overall style, so that new requirements are provided for the application of materials and node processing methods of a deepened design team, and special construction nodes are formulated according to the characteristics of each building while the basic design requirements are met.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a sloping roof structure and a manufacturing method thereof, which meet the requirements of different outer vertical surface shapes on the premise of meeting basic waterproof and heat-preservation functions and achieve the highest implementation degree of the scheme effect.
The utility model provides a sloping roof structure, the roof boarding top is provided with the screed-coat, the screed-coat top sets up the waterproof layer, the waterproof layer top is provided with the reinforced cement layer, the compound intergral template that keeps warm is laid to reinforced cement layer top.
The reinforced cement layer is formed by paving a steel wire mesh on the roof and pouring the steel wire mesh and cement mortar.
The waterproof layer is made of high polymer modified asphalt waterproof material and is 3 times as thick as the heat-insulating composite integrated plate.
The waterproof layer is a self-adhesive polyester tire.
The leveling layer is made of cement mortar with the cement-sand ratio of 1:3, and the thickness of the leveling layer is 15 times that of the heat-insulation composite integrated plate.
The roof panel can be a reinforced concrete roof or a steel structure and concrete roof.
A manufacturing method of a sloping roof comprises the steps of paving a leveling layer on a roof panel, embedding a plurality of reinforcing steel bar heads on the roof panel, paving a waterproof layer above the leveling layer, paving a reinforced cement layer above the waterproof layer, binding the reinforced cement layer with steel wires and firmly binding the reinforcing steel bar heads embedded in the roof panel, and paving a heat-insulating composite integrated plate above the reinforced cement layer.
The heat-insulating composite integrated board can be anchored by a wet sticking belt or hung in a dry mode.
The diameter of a plurality of reinforcing steel bar heads pre-embedded on the roof panel is 10 cm.
The steel wire of the reinforced cement layer is 18-grade galvanized steel wire.
This patent not only can satisfy different outer facade forms under the prerequisite that satisfies the basic waterproof, the heat preservation requirement of sloping roof, can also reduce the extravagant phenomenon that some tie coats, protective layer set up repeatedly in the material structure way, realizes the requirement of the environmental protection energy-saving of green building on the certain basis.
The invention discloses a method for innovating a pitched roof, which cancels a bonding surface layer of a tile roof in the original construction method, and the integrated heat-insulation board with the decorative surface is directly installed and constructed with cement mortar with reinforcing bars, so that the method is firmer and saves materials. Compared with the independent arrangement of the heat-insulating layer in the original sloping roof, the anti-aging, waterproof integrity and durability of the heat-insulating layer are poor, so that the protection of the waterproof layer is weakened.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an innovative pitched roof construction;
wherein, 1 is a heat-insulating composite integrated plate; 2, fully paving a steel wire mesh layer by pouring cement mortar; 3 is a self-adhesive polyester carcass; 4 is a waterproof layer; 5 is a cement mortar leveling layer; 6 is reinforced concrete roof or steel structure and concrete roof board.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a conventional pitched roof construction;
wherein 1 is a tile; 2, adding 3 percent of hemp cut horizontal mortar of cement lime mortar and cement; 3, fully paving a steel wire mesh layer by pouring cement mortar; 4, heat insulation board and waterproof layer; 5 is a cement mortar leveling layer; 6 is a reinforced concrete roof or a steel structure and concrete roof panel;
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and specific examples. Advantages and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and from the claims. It is to be noted that the drawings are in a very simplified form and are not to precise scale, which is merely for the purpose of facilitating and distinctly claiming the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 2, as a traditional sloping roof construction method, for the roof modeling of a traditional building, the method can meet the basic modeling, heat preservation and waterproof requirements, and for the effect requirements of special facades proposed in residential buildings, the defects of too large limitation on material application, low reduction degree of scheme effect and the like are overcome, so that the design effect of combining mountain and water body buildings in concert with the surrounding environment is difficult to realize.
As shown in figure 1, the innovative sloping roof construction method is improved on the basis of the original sloping roof construction method, a leveling layer with the thickness about 15 times that of a heat-insulation composite material is paved on an original roof panel by cement and cement mortar with the ratio of 1:3 of sand, a plurality of steel bar heads are pre-buried on the roof panel, a waterproof layer is paved above the leveling layer and comprises a self-adhesion polyester matrix with the thickness about 3 times that of the heat-insulation composite material, a steel wire mesh with the ratio of 1:3 of cement and sand poured on the self-adhesion polyester matrix to fully pave the roof panel is paved on the self-adhesion polyester matrix, a number 18 galvanized steel wire is bound and is firmly bound with the steel bar heads with the diameter of 10cm pre-buried on the roof panel, and a heat-insulation composite plate with a decorative surface and the same material as a wall body is paved on the steel wire mesh.
On the basis of meeting basic waterproof and heat-insulating technologies, a novel wall body integrated plate is applied to the market, a new construction method is combined, wherein a changeable decorative surface layer is combined with an integrated plate formed by a heat-insulating layer, the conventional design and modeling characteristics can be broken through, the design requirements of civil accommodation, local building characteristics and the like, which are integrated with different environments, different elevation requirements, material effects and the like, are met, the waterproof and heat-insulating integrated plate is adopted, the construction level of a roof is greatly simplified, and other structural layers required by construction of various functional layers are reduced, such as a leveling layer, a gas barrier, a protective layer and the like. On the one hand, the water channeling problem between the waterproof layer and the heat-insulating layer and the water channeling problem between the waterproof layer and the structural layer are avoided, and on the other hand, the lasting high efficiency of the heat-insulating layer is effectively ensured.
The above description is only for the purpose of describing the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any variations and modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the above disclosure are within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sloping roof structure, its characterized in that, the roof boarding top is provided with the screed-coat, the screed-coat top sets up the waterproof layer, the waterproof layer top is provided with the reinforced cement layer, the compound intergral template of heat preservation is laid to reinforced cement layer top.
2. The pitched roof structure according to claim 1, wherein the reinforced cement layer is formed by laying steel wire meshes on the roof and pouring the steel wire meshes with cement mortar.
3. The pitched roof structure according to claim 1, wherein the waterproof layer is a high polymer modified asphalt waterproof material which is 3 times as thick as the heat-insulating composite integrated plate.
4. The pitched roof construction of claim 3, wherein the water barrier is a self-adhesive polyester batt.
5. The pitched roof structure of claim 1, wherein the leveling layer is cement mortar with a cement to sand ratio of 1:3, which is 15 times thicker than the thermal insulation composite integrated plate.
6. The pitched roof construction according to claim 1, wherein the roof panels may be reinforced concrete roofs or steel and concrete roofs.
7. The method for manufacturing a sloping roof as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a leveling layer is laid on the roof panel, reinforcing heads are embedded in the roof panel, a waterproof layer is laid on top of the leveling layer, a reinforced cement layer is laid on top of the waterproof layer, the reinforced cement layer is bound with steel wires and is firmly bound with the reinforcing heads embedded in the roof panel, and a thermal insulation composite board is laid on top of the reinforced cement layer.
8. The method for manufacturing a pitched roof as claimed in claim 7, wherein, the thermal insulation composite integrated board can be anchored by a wet sticking tape or hung dry.
9. The method for manufacturing a pitched roof as claimed in claim 7, wherein the diameter of the reinforcing steel bar heads pre-embedded on the roof panel is 10 cm.
10. The method for manufacturing a pitched roof as claimed in claim 7, wherein, the steel wires of the reinforced cement layer are 18-size galvanized steel wires.
CN201911270574.XA 2019-12-12 2019-12-12 Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN110847515A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911270574.XA CN110847515A (en) 2019-12-12 2019-12-12 Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911270574.XA CN110847515A (en) 2019-12-12 2019-12-12 Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110847515A true CN110847515A (en) 2020-02-28

Family

ID=69608854

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911270574.XA Pending CN110847515A (en) 2019-12-12 2019-12-12 Pitched roof structure and manufacturing method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110847515A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112709376A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-27 福建绿城建筑设计有限公司 Novel building tile for Chinese traditional classical architecture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112709376A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-27 福建绿城建筑设计有限公司 Novel building tile for Chinese traditional classical architecture

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