CN110844193A - Working method of paper folding box machine - Google Patents

Working method of paper folding box machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110844193A
CN110844193A CN201911189019.4A CN201911189019A CN110844193A CN 110844193 A CN110844193 A CN 110844193A CN 201911189019 A CN201911189019 A CN 201911189019A CN 110844193 A CN110844193 A CN 110844193A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pushing
paper
folding
pushing assembly
assembly
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Granted
Application number
CN201911189019.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110844193B (en
Inventor
陈海军
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Individual
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/12Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
    • B65B43/14Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
    • B65B43/16Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers
    • B65B43/165Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers specially adapted for carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/10Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles
    • B65B35/16Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles by grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B49/00Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/28Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for discharging completed packages from machines

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Container Filling Or Packaging Operations (AREA)

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a working method of a paper box folding machine, belonging to the technical field of paper box packaging equipment, wherein the paper box folding machine comprises the following steps: a paper folding box frame; the paper folding machine comprises a plurality of paper folding machine rolling shafts, and the plurality of paper folding machine rolling shafts are arranged on the paper folding machine frame in parallel to form a rolling shaft group; and a paper board can be accommodated on the roller group; a first pushing assembly; a second pushing assembly; and, a third urging assembly; the roller group drives the paper boards to move between the front side and the rear side of the paper folding box frame, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly respectively act on the second part, the third part and the fourth part of the paper boards, and the paper boards are folded and collected into the paper box through the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly. The technical effects of automatic folding of the carton and acceleration of the product packaging speed are achieved.

Description

Working method of paper folding box machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of carton packaging equipment, in particular to a working method of a carton folding machine.
Background
Corrugated cartons are rigid paper containers made of corrugated boards, and have superior service performance and good processing performance, so that the corrugated cartons gradually replace traditional transport packaging containers such as wooden boxes and become the leading force of transport packaging.
Before products of a factory leave a factory, one-time outer packing operation is needed, the outer packing is completed manually, generally, a group of workers are responsible for folding corrugated boards into cartons, one group of workers put the products into the cartons, and the other group of workers carry out box sealing operation; the corrugated board is folded into the carton for one-step operation, the consumed manpower is the most, and the influence on the packaging quality is the greatest; the existing manual packaging mode wastes a large amount of manpower, material resources and financial resources, has low production efficiency and cannot keep up with the trend of the development of the times.
Therefore, the technical problems of the prior art are as follows: the work efficiency of artifical folding carton is low, and packaging quality is unstable, influences the whole efficiency of product packaging.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the application provides a working method of a paper folding box machine, which solves the technical problems that in the prior art, the working efficiency of a manual folding paper box is low, the packaging quality is unstable, and the overall efficiency of product packaging is influenced; the technical effects of automatic folding of the carton and acceleration of the product packaging speed are achieved.
The embodiment of the application provides a working method of a paper folding box machine, which is used for folding a paper box, and the paper folding box machine comprises the following steps: a paper folding box frame; the paper folding machine comprises a plurality of rolling shafts of the paper folding machine, and the plurality of rolling shafts of the paper folding machine are arranged on the paper folding machine frame in parallel to form a rolling shaft group; and a paper board can be accommodated on the roller group; the first pushing component is arranged on the frame of the carton folding machine and can move; the second pushing component is arranged on the carton folding machine frame and can move; the third pushing assembly is arranged on the carton folding machine frame and can move; the roller group drives the paper boards to move between the front side and the rear side of the paper folding box frame, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly respectively act on the second part, the third part and the fourth part of the paper boards, and the paper boards are folded and collected into the paper box through the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly. Then, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly are reset, and the paper board is pushed to the next process under the condition that the third pushing assembly presses the four parts of the paper board.
Preferably, the first pushing assemblies are arranged in two groups and are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the paper folding box rack; the first push assembly comprises: the first base plate is arranged on the paper folding box rack; the first turnover plate is arranged on the first base plate, and the first turnover plate is connected with a first power source and can be turned over forwards and backwards; the first contact piece is arranged on the first turnover plate; the first turnover plate acts on the first contact piece I, and the second paperboard part is turned inwards through the first contact piece I.
Preferably, the first pushing assembly further comprises: two first contact pieces are arranged, and the two first contact pieces are symmetrically arranged on the first contact piece; the second first contact piece is connected with a second power source and can push the second folding lug of the second paperboard part to fold inwards; the first contact piece is provided with a first movable groove, and the first contact piece moves relative to the first contact piece through the first movable groove.
Preferably, the second pushing assembly is arranged at the lower side and/or the left side and the right side of the carton folding machine frame; the second pushing assembly comprises: the second base plate is arranged on the paper folding box rack; a second contact member; the telescopic assembly is connected with the second substrate and the second contact piece and can move in a telescopic mode; wherein the telescopic assembly acts on the second contact piece and enables the three parts of the paper board to be folded inwards through the second contact piece.
When the carton folding machine works, the first pushing component is used for limiting the two paperboards at the front end and the rear end of each paperboard on the carton folding machine, then the first contact piece of the first pushing component is used for folding the two paperboards upwards and inwards, and meanwhile, the two paperboards drive the two folding lugs to lift; after the second paper board part is folded; the second contact piece acts to turn the second folding lug inwards; the second pushing component acts while maintaining the state of the first pushing component, the third part of the paper board is pushed upwards and inwards by the second contact piece, and the second folding lug is clamped by the third part of the paper board; when the three parts of the paper board are turned over, the four parts of the paper board are lifted, and then the four parts of the paper board are pushed to be turned inwards by using a third pushing assembly; when the four parts of the paper board are folded, the first pushing assembly and the second pushing assembly are slightly loosened, so that a space is formed between the two parts of the paper board and a product to be packaged, the four folding lugs are downwards and inwards folded by utilizing the fourth pushing assembly and are inserted between the two parts of the paper board and the product to be packaged, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly, the third pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly tighten the force applied to the paper box, and the paper board is folded into the paper box under the condition of placing the product.
Preferably, the telescopic assembly comprises: the second movable plate is arranged on the carton folding machine frame and can move linearly; the second telescopic cylinder II is arranged on the second base plate, connected with and acting on the second movable plate; the first telescopic cylinder is arranged on the second movable plate, connected with and acting on the second contact element; the first telescopic cylinder and the second telescopic cylinder are staggered in movement direction, so that the telescopic assembly has two-direction freedom degree.
Preferably, the third pushing assembly is arranged above the carton folding machine frame, and the third pushing assembly comprises: the third pushing framework is arranged on the paper folding box rack;
two third pushing arms are arranged on the third pushing framework in parallel; and the third pushing arm can move linearly; and the third power source is arranged on the third pushing framework and connected with the two third pushing arms, so that the two third pushing arms can move in opposite directions, wherein the movement directions of the third pushing arms are staggered with the movement direction driven by the third power source, and the third pushing arms can push the three parts of the paper board to be turned inwards. On a paper folding machine, a first pushing component is used for limiting a second paper board part at the front end and the rear end of the paper board, then the second paper board part is turned upwards and inwards by a first contact element of the first pushing component, and the second paper board part drives a second folding lug to lift; after the second paper board part is folded; the second contact piece acts to turn the second folding lug inwards; the second pushing component acts while maintaining the state of the first pushing component, the third part of the paper board is pushed upwards and inwards by the second contact piece, and the second folding lug is clamped by the third part of the paper board; when the three parts of the paper board are turned over, the four parts of the paper board are lifted, and then the four parts of the paper board are pushed to be turned inwards by using a third pushing assembly; when the four parts of the paper boards are folded, the first pushing assembly and the second pushing assembly are slightly loosened, so that a space is formed between the second part of the paper boards and a product to be packaged, the fourth pushing assembly is utilized to fold the four folding lugs downwards and inwards, the four folding lugs are inserted between the second part of the paper boards and the product to be packaged, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly, the third pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly apply force to the paper box to be tightened, and the paper boards are folded into the paper box under the condition that the product is placed;
then, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly reset, and the carton folding machine conveys the folded cartons to move to the next process under the condition that the third pushing assembly presses the four parts of the cartons.
Preferably, the third power source includes: a third motor disposed on the third push skeleton; two third transmission wheels are arranged and are respectively arranged at the outer sides of the two third pushing arms, the third transmission wheels are arranged on the third pushing framework, and one of the third transmission wheels is connected with the third motor; the third transmission part is of a closed-loop structure and is sleeved between the two third transmission wheels; and the two sides of the third transmission part are in a vertical parallel state; the number of the third pushing arms is two, and each third pushing arm is provided with a linkage piece; and the two third pushing arms are respectively connected with two sides of the third transmission part which are arranged up and down through the linkage pieces.
One or more technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application have at least one or more of the following technical effects:
1. in the embodiment of the application, by arranging the paper folding machine, the roller of the paper folding machine is utilized to drive the paper board and the product to be packaged on the paper board to move, the product to be packaged which is originally arranged on one part of the paper board is taken as an inner supporting piece, and the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly, the third pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly push the second paper board, the third paper board and the fourth paper board to be attached to the outer side of the product to be packaged, so that the paper board is gradually folded into a paper box shape; the technical problems that in the prior art, the manual folding carton is low in working efficiency and unstable in packaging quality, and the overall efficiency of product packaging is affected are solved; the technical effects of automatically folding the carton and accelerating the product packaging speed are achieved.
2. In the embodiment of the application, the second paper board part is turned and folded by the first contact element and the second first contact element on the first pushing assembly, the third paper board part and the fourth paper board part are used for clamping the second folding lug, the position of the second paper board part is fixed, the first pushing assembly can reset, the front side and the rear side of the paper box are released, the paper box can be transported linearly on a paper box folding machine, the folded paper box can move towards a sealing machine, and the finished package is realized.
3. In the embodiment of the application, the cooperation of the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly is utilized to clamp the two-part folded lug on the three paper boards, so that the four paper boards clamp the four-part folded lug, so that the three paper boards are tightened by the four paper boards, and the carton without the tape package can move towards the sealing machine under the action of the third pushing assembly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of a carton folding machine according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a first schematic structural diagram of a first pushing assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 3 is a second schematic structural view of a first pushing assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 4 is a first schematic structural diagram of a second pushing assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 5 is a second schematic structural view of a second pushing assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a third pushing assembly in the embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 7 is a second schematic structural view of a box folding machine according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view taken at D in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a third schematic structural view of a box folding machine according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view at E in FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a fourth schematic structural view of a box folding machine according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a packaging line in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 13 is a schematic front view of a packaging line in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 14 is a schematic top view of a packaging line in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding machine in the embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 16 is a first schematic structural view of a conveyor according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 17 is a second schematic structural view of a conveyor according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 18 is a first schematic view of a first embodiment of a board positioning machine according to the present disclosure;
FIG. 19 is a second schematic view of a second embodiment of a carton positioning machine of the present application;
FIG. 20 is an enlarged view at B of FIG. 18;
FIG. 21 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 19;
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the structure of a paperboard elevator in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 23 is a schematic structural view of a gripper machine according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 24 is a first schematic structural view of a grasping element according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 25 is a second schematic structural view of a grasping element according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 26 is an enlarged view at A of FIG. 25;
fig. 27 is a first schematic structural diagram of a bag tilting machine in the embodiment of the present application;
fig. 28 is a schematic structural diagram of a ladle tilting machine according to the embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 29 is a schematic structural view of a flat state of a paperboard;
fig. 30 is a schematic view showing a folded structure of the paperboard.
Reference numerals:
1. a feeding machine; 11. a feeding rack; 12. a feeding conveyer belt; 13. a feeding wheel;
2. a conveyor; 21. a conveyor frame; 22. a horizontal conveyor belt; 23. conveying a limiting part;
3. a paperboard positioning machine; 31. positioning the frame; 32. a positioning machine roller; 33. a first limit component; 331. a first limit cylinder; 332. a fixing plate; 333. a first limit piece; 334. a guide member; 34. a second limiting component; 341. a support member; 342. a moving member; 343. a second limiting member; 3431. a second baffle; 344. a second limit cylinder; 345. a connecting rod; 346. a transmission member; 347. a hand wheel;
4. a grabbing machine; 41. a grabbing rack; 42. a grasping assembly; 421. grabbing a framework; 422. a first grasping portion; 4221. grabbing a telescopic cylinder; 4222. a rack and pinion drive; 4223. a support frame; 4224. a fastening member; 423. a second grasping portion; 4231. a suction cup;
5. a cardboard lifter; 51. a lifting frame; 52. a lifting plate; 53. a lifting motor;
6. a paper folding machine; 61. a paper folding box frame; 62. a roller of a paper folding machine;
63. a second pushing assembly; 631. a second movable plate; 632. a first telescopic cylinder; 633. a second guide post; 634. a second connecting member; 635. A second contact member; 636. a second substrate; 637. a second telescopic cylinder II; 638. a second transmission member; 639. a second hand wheel;
64. a third pushing assembly; 641. a third pushing framework; 642. a third motor; 643. a third transmission wheel; 644. a third push arm; 6441. A third substrate; 6442. a linkage member; 6443. a telescopic guide rod; 6444. a third contact member; 64441. a third base shaft; 64442. a third outer bar; 64443. notching; 6445. a third telescopic cylinder; 6446. a third guide member;
65. a fourth pushing assembly; 651. a fourth substrate; 652. a fourth telescoping cylinder; 653. a fourth contact member;
66. a first pushing assembly; 661. a first substrate; 662. a first motor; 663. a first roll-over plate; 6631. a first transmission member; 664. a first contact member I; 6641. a first movable slot; 665. a first telescopic cylinder I; 666. a second telescopic cylinder; 667. a second first contact member;
7. a bag turning machine; 71. a bag turning frame; 72. a ladle turner roller; 73. an action component; 74. a turnover cavity; 75. clamping and overturning the assembly;
8. a paperboard; 81. a paperboard portion; 82. a second paperboard part; 821. folding the ears at the two parts; 83. three parts of a paperboard; 84. four parts of a paperboard; 841. four parts are folded.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the application provides a working method 6 of a paper folding box machine and a packaging assembly line containing the working method 6 of the paper folding box machine, and discloses the structure and application occasions of the paper folding box 6 through the specific working process of the paper folding box 6 in the packaging assembly line.
Arranging a paper folding machine 6, driving the paper boards 8 and the products to be packaged on the paper boards 8 to move by using a rolling shaft 62 of the paper folding machine, taking the products to be packaged originally arranged on the first paper board part 81 as an inner supporting member 341, and pushing and attaching the second, third and fourth paper boards 8 of the paper boards 8 to the outer sides of the products to be packaged by using first, second and third pushing components, so that the paper boards 8 are gradually folded into a paper box shape; the technical problems that in the prior art, the manual folding carton is low in working efficiency and unstable in packaging quality, and the overall efficiency of product packaging is affected are solved; the technical effects of automatic folding of the carton and acceleration of the product packaging speed are achieved.
In order to better understand the technical solutions, the technical solutions will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments of the specification.
Example one
A method 6 of operating a box folder for folding sheets 8 into cartons, the box folder 6 comprising, with reference to figures 1, 9 to 11: a carton folding machine frame 61, a carton folding machine roller 62, a first pushing assembly 66, a second pushing assembly 63, a third pushing assembly 64 and a fourth pushing assembly 65.
The paper folding machine comprises a paper folding machine roller 62, wherein a plurality of paper folding machine rollers 62 are arranged on a paper folding machine frame 61 in parallel to form a roller group; and the roller set can contain a paper board 8.
The first pushing assemblies 66, referring to fig. 2-3, are provided in two groups, and are respectively disposed on the front and rear sides of the paper folding box frame 61, for pushing and folding the second paper board portion 82 and the second folding lug 821 on the front and rear sides of the paper board 8 inward; the first pushing assembly 66 includes: a first base plate 661, a first flip plate 663, a first contact one 664, and a first contact two 667.
The first base plate 661 is fixedly arranged on the paper folding box frame 61.
The first turnover plate 663 is arranged on the first base plate 661, and the first turnover plate 663 is connected with a first power source and can be turned over back and forth.
A first contact member 664, the first contact member 664 having a flat plate shape, the first contact member 664 preferably having a size larger than the second sheet portion 82 of the sheet 8; the first contact member one 664 is hinged on the first turnover plate 663; wherein the first flipping panel 663 acts on the first contact member one 664 and the second portion 82 of the sheet is flipped inward by the first contact member one 664.
Two second contact members 667 are flat and arranged, and the two second contact members 667 are symmetrically arranged on the first contact members 664; the second first contact member 667 is connected with a second power source and can push the second folding lugs 821 on the two sides of the second paper board part 82 to fold inwards; the first contact member 664 is provided with a first movable groove, and the second contact member 667 moves relative to the first contact member 664 through the first movable groove. Wherein the second power source can be a pneumatic cylinder.
A second pushing assembly 63, referring to fig. 4-5, the second pushing assembly 63 is disposed at the lower side and/or left and right sides of the frame 61 of the carton folding machine; the second pushing assembly 63 includes: a second substrate 636, a second contact 635, and a telescoping assembly. Wherein the telescoping assembly acts on the second contact member 635 and causes the three portions 83 of the blank to be folded inwardly via the second contact member 635.
And the second base plate 636 is arranged on the carton folding machine frame 61 and is positioned below the roller 62 of the carton folding machine.
And the telescopic assembly is connected to the second base plate 636, can move in a telescopic manner, and can penetrate through a gap between the rolling shafts 62 of the carton folding machine and be contacted with the three paperboard parts 83. The telescoping assembly comprises: a second movable plate 631, a second telescopic cylinder 637 and a second telescopic cylinder 632. The first telescopic cylinder 632 and the second telescopic cylinder are staggered in movement direction, so that the telescopic assembly has two-direction freedom degree.
A second movable plate 631, the second movable plate 631 being disposed on the carton folding frame 61 and being linearly movable; a second telescopic cylinder second 637, the second telescopic cylinder second 637 is disposed on the second base plate 636, connected to and acting on the second movable plate 631; the first second telescopic cylinder 632 and the first second telescopic cylinder 632 are disposed on the second movable plate 631, connected to and acting on the second contact member 635.
And a second contact member 635, the second contact member 635 being in a roller shape and being hingedly disposed at an upper end of the telescoping assembly, and being capable of rolling relative to the telescoping assembly for contacting and applying a force to the three portions 83 of the sheet.
A third pushing assembly 64, referring to fig. 6, the third pushing assembly 64 is disposed on the frame 61 of the carton folding machine, and the third pushing assembly 64 is movable; the rolling shaft group drives the paper boards 8 to move between the front side and the rear side of the paper folding box machine frame 61, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly respectively act on the second part, the third part and the fourth part of the paper boards 8, and the paper boards 8 are folded and collected into the paper boxes through the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly.
The third pushing assembly 64 is provided above the box folding machine frame 61, and the third pushing assembly 64 includes: a third pushing frame 641, a third pushing arm 644 and a third power source.
Two third pushing arms 644 are arranged, and the two third pushing arms 644 are arranged on the third pushing framework 641 in parallel; and the third push arm 644 is linearly movable.
The third push arm 644 includes: a third base plate 6441, a linkage 6442, a telescopic guide 6443, a third contact 6444, a third telescopic cylinder 6445, and a third guide 6446. A third push arm 644 is used to push the paperboard four portion 84 inward.
A third power source, which is disposed on the third pushing frame 641 and connected to the two third pushing arms 644, so that two third pushing arms are provided
The third pushing arm 644 makes opposite movements, wherein the movement direction of the third pushing arm 644 is staggered with the movement direction driven by the power source three, so that the third pushing arm 644 can push the third paper board part 83 to be folded inwards.
The third power source comprises a third motor 642, a third transmission wheel 643 and a third transmission member 346.
A third motor 642, the third motor 642 being disposed on the third push frame 641; two third transmission wheels 643, wherein the two third transmission wheels 643 are respectively arranged at the outer sides of the two third pushing arms 644, and the third transmission wheels 643 are arranged on the third pushing framework 641, wherein one third transmission wheel 643 is connected with the third motor 642; the third transmission member 346, the third transmission member 346 being a closed loop structure, the third transmission member 346 being sleeved between the two third transmission wheels 643; two sides of the third transmission member 346 are parallel up and down; two third pushing arms 644 are provided, and each third pushing arm 644 is provided with a linkage piece 6442; the link 6442 is arranged up and down on the two third pushing arms 644, so that the power source three can drive the two third pushing arms 644 to move towards each other; the third pushing arms 644 are connected to two vertically disposed sides of the third transmission member 346 by a link member 6442, respectively.
A fourth pushing assembly 65, referring to fig. 7-8, the fourth pushing assembly 65 disposed on the third contact 6444, the fourth pushing assembly 65 comprising; a fourth base plate, a fourth telescoping cylinder 652, and a fourth contact 653. A fourth base plate is connected to the upper end face of the third contact piece 6444, the fourth telescopic cylinder 652 is fixed to the fourth base plate, and the fourth telescopic cylinder 652 is located above, preferably right above, the third contact piece 6444; the fourth contact 653 is acted on by the fourth telescoping cylinder 652 such that when the third contact 6444 is acted on the cardboard four-part 84, the fourth contact 653 acts on the four-part bellows 841 to fold the four-part bellows 841 inward.
A packaging line, with reference to fig. 12-14, for packaging products, the packaging line comprising: the automatic paper board turning machine comprises a paper board 8 positioning machine 3, a feeding machine 1, a paper board 8 lifting machine 5, a grabbing machine 4, a sealing machine and a bag overturning machine 7. Wherein, grabbing machine 4 is used in on material loading machine 1, 8 location machines of cardboard 3 and 8 lifts 5 of cardboard, places cardboard 8 and the product of treating packing in proper order on 8 location machines of cardboard 3's of cardboard platform through grabbing machine 4 to on together transporting cardboard 8 and the product of treating packing to carton folder 6 through the platform.
The feeding machine 1, referring to fig. 15, the feeding machine 1 is disposed corresponding to the positioning machine 3 for the paper board 8, and the feeding machine 1 can accommodate a product to be packaged. The feeder 1 includes a feeder frame 11, a feeding conveyor belt 12, and a feeding wheel 13. The feeding conveyer belt 12 drives the product to be packaged to transport, and the feeding wheel 13 is used for further pushing the product to be packaged and limiting the moving direction of the product to be packaged.
Conveyor 2, reference 16-17, conveyor 2 being intended to transport products to be packaged, conveyor 2 comprising: a conveyor frame 21, a horizontal conveyor belt 22, and a conveyance stopper 23. The conveyor 2 is transported by means of a horizontal conveyor belt 22.
Cardboard 8 lift 5, refer to fig. 22, cardboard 8 lift 5 corresponds to cardboard 8 positioning machine 3 and can hold a cardboard 8 on cardboard 8 lift 5. The cardboard 8 lift 5 comprises: a lifter frame 51, a lifter plate 52, and a lifter motor 53. The lifting motor 53 acts on the lifting disc 52, and the lifting disc 52 drives the paper board 8 to move up and down.
The machine 3 for positioning the cardboard 8, with reference to figures 18-21, is provided with a platform that can move back and forth on the machine 3 for positioning the cardboard 8. The cardboard 8 positioning machine 3 comprises: a positioning frame 31, a positioning machine roller 32, a first limit component 33 and a second limit component 34.
The first position-limiting assembly 33 includes a first position-limiting cylinder 331, a fixing plate 332, a first position-limiting member 333 and a guiding member 334, the fixing plate 332 is disposed on the positioning frame 31, the first position-limiting cylinder 331 and the fixing plate 332 are disposed below the positioning roller 32, and the fixing plate 332 and the first position-limiting member 333 are driven by the first position-limiting cylinder 331 to change the position of the paper board 8.
The second position-limiting assembly 34 includes a supporting member 341, a moving member 342, a second position-limiting member 343, a second position-limiting cylinder 344, a connecting rod 345, a transmission member 346, and a hand wheel 347. The second position-limiting cylinder 344 acts on the second position-limiting member 343 to limit and adjust the position of the sheet 8, and the hand wheel 347 acts on the transmission member 346 to linearly move the second position-limiting member 343 with respect to the positioning roller 32.
Gripper 4, with reference to fig. 23-26, gripper 4 is freely movable; and the paper folding machine 6 is arranged behind the paper board 8 positioning machine 3. The gripper 4 includes: a gripper frame 41; a grasping assembly 42, the grasping assembly 42 comprising: the grabbing framework 421 is arranged above the paperboard 8 positioning machine 3, and the grabbing framework 421 is movably arranged on the grabbing rack 41; the grabbing part is arranged on the grabbing framework 421 and can grab the paper board 8 and the product to be packaged; wherein, it drives the portion of snatching between material loading machine 1, 8 location machines 3 of cardboard and 8 lifts 5 to snatch skeleton 421 to accomplish through the portion of snatching and snatch the operation.
The sealing machine is used for sealing the folded carton by using an adhesive tape in the prior art.
The bag tilting machine 7, referring to fig. 27-28, the bag tilting machine 7 is arranged at the rear of the sealing machine, and the bag tilting machine 7 comprises: a bag overturning frame 71; the clamping and overturning assembly is arranged on the ladle overturning frame 71 and can clamp and overturn; wherein, centre gripping upset subassembly is used in on the carton, changes the position of carton.
Principle of operation
Transporting the product to be packaged to a paperboard 8 positioning machine 3 through a feeding machine 1 and a conveyor 2; the flat paper boards 8 are transported to the paper board 8 positioning machine 3 through the paper board 8 lifter 5; grabbing the paper board 8 onto the paper board 8 positioning machine 3 through the grabbing machine 4, grabbing and placing a product to be packaged onto the paper board 8 positioned on the paper board 8 positioning machine 3, wherein the product to be packaged is placed on the paper board portion 81 of the paper board 8; the cardboard 8 with the product to be packaged is moved towards the carton folder 6 by means of the cardboard 8 positioning machine 3.
On the carton folding machine 6, the first pushing component 66 is firstly utilized to limit the second carton parts 82 at the front end and the rear end of the carton 8, then the first contact piece 664 of the first pushing component 66 is utilized to fold the second carton parts 82 upwards and inwards, and meanwhile, the second carton parts 82 drive the second folding lugs 821 to lift; after the second portion 82 of the blank is folded over; the second first contact member 667 moves to turn over the second folding lug 821 inwards; while maintaining the state of the first pushing member 66, the second pushing member 63 is actuated to push the third portion 83 of the paper sheet upward and inward by the second contact member 635, and the third portion 83 of the paper sheet is used to hold the second tab 821; while the three paper boards 83 are folded, the four paper boards 84 are lifted, and the third pushing assembly 64 is used for pushing the four paper boards 84 to be folded inwards; while the four portions 84 of the paper board are folded, the first pushing assembly 66 and the second pushing assembly 63 are slightly loosened, so that a space is generated between the two portions 82 of the paper board and the product to be packaged, the four folding lugs 841 are folded downwards and inwards by the fourth pushing assembly 65 and are inserted between the two portions 82 of the paper board and the product to be packaged, and the first pushing assembly 66, the second pushing assembly 63, the third pushing assembly 64 and the fourth pushing assembly 65 apply force to tighten the carton, so that the folding of the paper board 8 into the carton under the condition of placing the product is completed.
Then, the first pushing unit 66, the second pushing unit 63, and the fourth pushing unit 65 are reset, and the carton folding machine 6 conveys the folded carton to the capper while the third pushing unit 64 presses the four cardboard portions 84, and the capper bonds the three cardboard portions 83 of the folded carton with an adhesive tape while the carton is moving.
And finally, the carton is conveyed by the sealing machine to move towards the bag turning machine 7, and the carton is clamped by the bag turning machine 7 and leaves the packaging production line.
The technical effects are as follows:
1. in the embodiment of the application, by arranging the paper folding machine, the roller of the paper folding machine is utilized to drive the paper board and the product to be packaged on the paper board to move, the product to be packaged which is originally arranged on one part of the paper board is taken as an inner supporting piece, and the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly, the third pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly push the second paper board, the third paper board and the fourth paper board to be attached to the outer side of the product to be packaged, so that the paper board is gradually folded into a paper box shape; the technical problems that in the prior art, the manual folding carton is low in working efficiency and unstable in packaging quality, and the overall efficiency of product packaging is affected are solved; the technical effects of automatically folding the carton and accelerating the product packaging speed are achieved.
2. In the embodiment of the application, the second paper board part is turned and folded by the first contact element and the second first contact element on the first pushing assembly, the third paper board part and the fourth paper board part are used for clamping the second folding lug, the position of the second paper board part is fixed, the first pushing assembly can reset, the front side and the rear side of the paper box are released, the paper box can be transported linearly on a paper box folding machine, the folded paper box can move towards a sealing machine, and the finished package is realized.
3. In the embodiment of the application, the cooperation of the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the third pushing assembly is utilized to clamp the two-part folded lug on the three paper boards, so that the four paper boards clamp the four-part folded lug, so that the three paper boards are tightened by the four paper boards, and the carton without the tape package can move towards the sealing machine under the action of the third pushing assembly.
While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, additional variations and modifications of these embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all such alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the invention.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (4)

1. A method of operating a box folding machine for folding cartons, the machine comprising:
a paper folding box frame;
the rolling shaft of the paper folding machine is arranged on the paper folding machine frame and can contain a paperboard;
the first pushing assembly is arranged on the carton folding machine frame;
the second pushing assembly is arranged on the carton folding machine frame; and the number of the first and second groups,
the third pushing assembly is arranged on the carton folding machine frame;
the first pushing assemblies are arranged in two groups and are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the paper folding box rack; the first pushing assembly comprises:
the first base plate is arranged on the paper folding box rack;
the first turnover plate is arranged on the first base plate, and the first turnover plate is connected with a first power source and can be turned over forwards and backwards; and the number of the first and second groups,
the first contact piece is arranged on the first turnover plate;
the first turnover plate acts on the first contact piece, and the second paperboard is turned inwards through the first contact piece.
The first pushing assembly further comprises:
the second first contact piece is arranged on the first contact piece; the second first contact piece is connected with a second power source and can push the second folding lug of the second paperboard part to fold inwards;
the first contact piece is provided with a first movable groove, and the first contact piece is movable relative to the first contact piece through the first movable groove.
The second pushing assemblies are arranged on the lower side and/or the left side and the right side of the carton folding machine frame; the second pushing assembly comprises:
the second base plate is arranged on the paper folding box rack;
a second contact member; and the number of the first and second groups,
the telescopic assembly is connected with the second base plate and the second contact piece and can move in a telescopic mode;
wherein the telescopic assembly acts on the second contact member and enables the three parts of the paper board to be folded inwards through the second contact member;
when the carton folding machine works, the first pushing component is used for limiting the two paperboards at the front end and the rear end of each paperboard on the carton folding machine, then the first contact piece of the first pushing component is used for folding the two paperboards upwards and inwards, and meanwhile, the two paperboards drive the two folding lugs to lift; after the second paper board part is folded; the second contact piece acts to turn the second folding lug inwards; the second pushing component acts while maintaining the state of the first pushing component, the third part of the paper board is pushed upwards and inwards by the second contact piece, and the second folding lug is clamped by the third part of the paper board; when the three parts of the paper board are turned over, the four parts of the paper board are lifted, and then the four parts of the paper board are pushed to be turned inwards by using a third pushing assembly; when the four parts of the paper boards are folded, the first pushing assembly and the second pushing assembly are slightly loosened, so that a space is formed between the second part of the paper boards and a product to be packaged, the fourth pushing assembly is utilized to fold the four folding lugs downwards and inwards, the four folding lugs are inserted between the second part of the paper boards and the product to be packaged, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly, the third pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly apply force to the paper box to be tightened, and the paper boards are folded into the paper box under the condition that the product is placed;
then, the first pushing assembly, the second pushing assembly and the fourth pushing assembly are reset, and the paper board is pushed to the next process under the condition that the third pushing assembly presses the four parts of the paper board.
2. The method of operation of claim 1, wherein said telescoping assembly comprises:
the second movable plate is arranged on the carton folding machine frame;
the second telescopic cylinder II is arranged on the second base plate, connected with and acting on the second movable plate; and the number of the first and second groups,
the first telescopic cylinder is arranged on the second movable plate, connected with and acting on the second contact piece;
the motion directions of the first telescopic cylinder and the second telescopic cylinder are staggered, so that the telescopic assembly has two-direction freedom degrees.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the third pusher assembly is disposed above the carton folding frame, the third pusher assembly comprising:
the third pushing framework is arranged on the paper folding box rack;
a third push arm disposed on the third push skeleton; and the third push arm can move telescopically; and the number of the first and second groups,
the third power source is arranged on the third pushing framework and connected with a third pushing arm, so that the third pushing arm can move;
the movement direction of the third pushing arm is staggered with the movement direction driven by the power source III, so that the third pushing arm can push the three paper boards to be folded inwards.
4. The method of operation of claim 3, wherein the third power source comprises:
a third motor disposed on the third push skeleton;
two third driving wheels are arranged and are respectively arranged at the outer sides of the two third pushing arms, the third driving wheels are arranged on the third pushing framework, and one third driving wheel is connected with the third motor; and the number of the first and second groups,
the third transmission part is of a closed-loop structure and is sleeved between the two third transmission wheels; and the two sides of the third transmission part are in a vertical parallel state;
the number of the third pushing arms is two, and each third pushing arm is provided with a linkage piece; and the two third pushing arms are respectively connected with two sides of the third transmission part which are arranged up and down through the linkage pieces.
CN201911189019.4A 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Working method of paper folding box machine Active CN110844193B (en)

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KR20170142444A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-12-28 김영태 Box packing apparatus for panel
CN207015669U (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-02-16 南京埃斯顿智能系统工程有限公司 Recrater positions and guider
CN110217440A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-09-10 河南科技大学 A kind of cheap efficient shaping packager for adhesive tape type carton

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CN117533586B (en) * 2024-01-09 2024-03-29 无锡立马五金制品厂 Electric vehicle accessory packing device with material stacking function

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